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historical & (P>ciicaloQical Register, 


^ c tti tn% Ian) Historic, (Genealogical 5 o c i c t ij 

FO B T II E V i: A B 1848. 



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A second year is now brought to a close, with this second volume of the 
"New England Historical and Genealogical Register and Antiquarian 
Journal." With whatever of ability it has been conducted, there has been 
required, on the part of the publisher, great industry ; and whatever may 
be the opinions of some, we have had numerous expressions of the most 
flattering kind from those whose opinions we most highly value, of their full 
and entire satisfaction with the work. 

It is now on a foundation to be continued, though not without very great 
care and attention, on the part of the Publisher, and the warm cooperation 
of the friends of the cause. The Publisher hoped, when he embarked in 
the undertaking, that it would derive great benefit from the members of 
the Genealogical Society. In this he was not mistaken ; a very large 
proportion of them being his personal friends, as well as friends to the 
cause, came forward at an early day, and pledged themselves as perpet- 
ual patrons. Many of these have used their endeavors to influence others 
to become subscribers ; in this way a large accession of names has been 
added. It would be gratifying to the publisher were he able here to give 
a list of the names of such gentlemen, but his space will not allow of it ; 
they will be duly remembered elsewhere. 

It is usual in prefaces for the Editor or Publisher to say much about the 
difficulties of his undertaking, and the discouragements he has encountered ; 
whether we have or have not reason to tell a story about those matters, our 
readers shall not be afflicted by any from us. We have in another place 
said "we had put our hands to the plow," &c. 

Similar undertakings to this of ours have been many times commenced, 
and as many times failed, with but few exceptions ; they have failed from 
several causes, causes which we have not time to point out ; they are well 
understood by all publishers of periodicals. Our old and early friend, John 
Farmer, Esq , of Concord, N. H., had confidence in the success of a peri- 
odical of this kind, as long ago as 1822 ; it resulted in three volumes of 
curious and valuable biographical, genealogical and antiquarian information. 
About the same time (182G) two others of his valued and intimate friends, 
both since deceased, Christopher Columbus Baldwin, Esq., (he always 
wrote his name out in full,) and William Lincoln, Esq., both of Worces- 
ter, Ms., commenced another. It was called the Worcester Magazine, and 
reached a second volume only. 

Since those periodicals were undertaken there has been a great and sen- 
sible change in the public mind about antiquarian and kindred subjects* 


People begin seriously to think that there is no reason why they should not 
know something about their progenitors ; while on the other hand they be- 
gin to think there is a good deal of reason why they should be informed 
upon the subject. In short, other orders of animals have no reason for not 
being informed in these matters ; we have a reason for them — but none 
for ourselves. 

In regard to articles of genealogy, what names should be admitted, and 
to what extent they should be published, we hear much from all quarters. 
In answer to which we would say, that we intend gradually to fall into more 
uniformity, and not carry families out in so great detail, in late generations; 
and that we know no preferences in names, as who should be first or last 
admitted ; but must in this be directed by such considerations and circum- 
stances as may from time to time arise. A moment's reflection will con- 
vince any one, or ought to convince him, that a conductor of a work like 
the present must have a mind of his own ; he cannot run from A to B, and 
so on to the last letter of the alphabet to find out how he must do this or 
that ; our experience teaches us that in doing this to please every body we 
should be pretty sure to please nobody. We shall exercise what ability 
and judgment we have, and hope thereby to please our patrons and co- 
workers. If we succeed, it will go a good way towards making up for the 
intended embarrassments some have attempted to throw in our way ; and for 
the anxiety we have had, and the no small exertions and sacrifices we have 
made to bring the work to its present state and condition. 

We have intimated in another place that our materials for carrying on 
the work are abundant ; it is so, and they daily increase. Five and twenty 
years labor in the antiquarian field has not been wholly lost by us ; we 
have, during that period, laid in a store not soon to be exhausted ; a store 
we hesitate not to say, as rich in material for the edifice we are building as 
can be found possessed by any single individual, at least by any within our 

Respecting the articles in the present volume of our work to which no 
contributors' names appear, and about whose authorship or editorship some 
inquiries have been made, we will here explain. In one of Dr. Cotton 
Mather's three hundred and eighty-two publications, but which, is not 
remembered, his name does not appear in its title-page ; but at the close of 
a preface or introduction to the volume, he tells the reader that if he cannot 
find any body else " to lay it to," he may " lay it to Cotton Mather." 
Now, there may be and are a few exceptions, but our readers "may," in all 
such dilemmas, charge the matters to their very sincere friend and humble 
servant, the Publisher, 


[It seemed necessary to make some distinction between genealogies and pedigrees. 
Under the former, elaborate accounts are intended to be included, while under the latter, 
single lines of descent, or lines of a few individuals are comprehended.] 

Index of Names at the end of the Volume. 

Andover, Deaths in before 1700, 377 

Andrew? Centennial at I'epperell, 117 

American Statistical Association, Colls* of the, 118 ; 
Almanac, 223 

Anglo-Saxon Language. 403 

Antiquities, 110 

Assistants, in the Plymouth government, 242 

Autographs, of I. Mather, 24 ; of John Alden, Gov. 
Bradford, Myles Standish, Thomas Prence-, 
Samuel Puller, 244 ) John Otis, 288 ; Gen. 
Dearborn, 350 ; Joshua Scottow, 351 ; Editor^ 
4 ; Daniel Gookin, i. 350 

Barnstable, First Settlers of, 64, 194, 315, 388 

Battle Abbey, Koll of, 25-37 

Belchertown, Hist, of, 177 

Bernardstown , 56 

BeVerly becomes a town, 333 

Biddeford, burying-ground inscriptions, 386 

Black Art, 55 

Black Point, Indians at, 206 

Bloodv Point, origin of the name, 39 

Boston Uccords, 76, 188, 274, 400-2; Notions by 
Dearborn, 324 ; burying-ground inscriptions, 

Braintrce, Iron Mines, 63 

Cape Ann, Colony at, 235-7 

Cold Spring, (Belchertown) 177; A fight with In- 
dians at, 208 

College of Arms, 343 

Connecticut and tire Irish Charity, 895 

Cornwall, Polwhele's Hist, of, 59 

Checkley, situation and origin, 349 

Cherry Valley, Indians destroy it, 348 

Chester, Epitaph from, 354 

Connecticut and the Irish Charity. 247, 398 

Courts of Plymouth, notes on the early, 241-2 

Dancing, 23 

Danvers, Hanson's Hist of, 319 

Dartmouth College, 312 

Dedham, Mann's Annals of, 224 

]><<rfkl<i. Indian house, 110, HI 

Diploma of D. I)., first in New England, 13 

Doome«day-book 1 29, 30 

Donations to Gen. Soc, 7, 230-1 ; to N. Eng. by Ire* 
land] 245. 395 : to Harvard College, 265. 

Dorchester Company, 235, 238; early notices of, 
266 60 ; burying-ground inscriptions, 312, 381 

Dover, first settlement of, 38 

Drum, rued to call people to meeting, 69 

Drunkards, Wo to, 23 

Earthquakes, 24 

Mpiseopacj in New England, 235. 329 
Ipitaphs, i. 20, 72, 76, 173, 176, 182, 1%. 1%, 245, 
247,266,268, 270,811, 331-2, 352, 371-6, 75, 
67, 71-5, 86, 115, 166, 179, 200, 213-15, 220, 
268, 264,270, 276-0, 207-8, 340. 344, 352, 354, 
., 6 6, 381, 386, 391, 392, 403, 408 
Ex"t<-r settled, 81 

ington, Ct., Porier'a Discourse on, 120 
I ramingham, Epitaph, -';14 

Genealogical Soc, Donations to, 7, 230-1 ; Diplomas, 

Genealogies of the families of 
Adam, 320 
Ashley, 394 
Butler, 355 
Checkley, 349 
Coffin, 337 
Dearborn, 81, 297 
Harris, 218 
Josselvn, 306 
Kilbourn, 320 
Lawrence, 226 
Noyes, 44, 231 
Otis, 281 

Peabody, 153, 361 
Peters, 58 
Taylor, 398 
AV'illiams, 116 
Georgetown, Braman's Centennial at, 119 
God's Promise to his Plantation, 151, 898 
Gorham, first settlers of, 305 
Grafcon, Willson's historical discourse at, 320 
Groton, Butler "s Hist, of, 222 
Hanover, Cutler's Hist. Disc, at, 323 
Hampton, N. II., 81 
Hampton Falls, incorporated, 86 
Harvard College, benefaction to, 265-8 
Hastings, Battle of, 26 
Haverhill, destroyed by Indians, 353 
Heralds College, 342 ; visitations, 343 
Ilingham, first settlers of, 250 
Ilinman's Puritans of Connecticut, 117 
Hudibras, extracts, i. 265. ii. 68 
Immigration to the U. S., Chickering on, 227 
Indians, Six Nations, join the Americans, 49 ; of 
Neanticot, some killed by Narraganscts, 63 ; 
Old Indian House, 110 ; of Farmington, Ct., 
115 ; Pequots, 128 ; Narraganscts, 131 ; some 
visit Boston, ib. 132 ; Charity School, 311, 
345-7 j destroy Cherry Valley, 348 ; Haverhill, 
Indian Wars, 207 
Inscriptions— see Epitaphs 
Ipswich, early families of, 174 
Irish Donation to Now England, 245, 398 
Iron Mines, 63 
Jack-in-a-lanthorn, 75 
•Jews, how formerly treated, 57 
Jurie, Old, in London, why so named, 57 
Kill-devd, 203 

King Killers, a book entitled, 341 
Kittery, grave-yard inscriptions, 276-9 
Leycester's Ghost, extract from, i. 264 
Ligonia, the province of, 205 
Little Harbor, first settled, 38 
London, Btowe's iiist. of, 68 ; Blaitland's do, 68 
Looking-glass for some of us, 42 
Lynn, Lewis' Hist, of, 68 
Maine, Greenleaf's Ecclesiast. Hist, of, 118 
Manuscripts, importance Of preserving, 144; a 

fragment of Got. Bradford s, 186-8 
Mayflower, Incidents of the Voyage of, 186 ; senti- 
ments, 198 


General Index. 

Marriages and Deaths, 114, 228, 325, 408 

a restraint upon, 15 
Masonic Institution, 223 

Massachusetts Archives, 105-107, 217; encroaches 
upon Maine, 205 ; Fort taken, 209 ; State Rec- 
ord, 225 ; illiberal towards Plymouth, 240 ; 
straitened condition of by Philip's War, 242, 
Meeting house customs, 67 
Merrimack, Centennial Celebration at, 225 
Middletown, grave-yard inscriptions, 70, &c. 
M'Kendree College, Wentworlh's Inaug. Address 

at, 324 
Moor's Indian Charity School. 311, 345-7 
Names, individual and family, 162 
Nantasket, grant of, 235 
Narraganset Indians, 131 
Naseby Battle, 139 
Naumkeag settlers, 239, 331 

New England, First Principles of, 23 ; a book, 110 ; 
Societies, 198 ; I. Mather urged to write its his- 
tory, 198 ; N. E. Soc. of Cincinnati, 222, 227 ; 
infested by pirates, 393 ; towns distressed by 
Philip's War, 249 
New Hampshire, first settlers of, 37 
Norfolk, Roys' Hist, of, 224 
Norwalk, Hall's Hist, of, 269, 319 
Norwich, burying-ground inscriptions, 404 
Old English History, Brady's Introd. to, 42 
Oriskana, battle, 348 
Pascataqua, first settlers on, 37-41 
Passengers for New England, 108,407 ; for Virginia, 

111-113, 211-12, 268, 374 
Patronage, on soliciting for the Register, 396 
Peartree, planted by Endicott, 402, 403 
Pedigrees, researches for, 399 ; of 

Adams, 228, 321, 351 

Bowles, 193-4 

Braman, 119 

Checklev, 349 

Cutts, 276-8 

Forward, 179 

tilbert, 278 

Hall, 148 

Harris, 218-21 

Lawrence, 225 

Mather, i 166, ii. 9 

Maxwell, 223 

Noyes, 231, 44 

Pomeroy, 280 

Smith, 146 

Thornton, 278 

"Wait, 210 

Willet, 376 
Pequot Indians, 128 j war with, 131, 132 

Philip's War, Thanksgiving, 201 ; in Maine, 206, 

Pilgrims, Landing of, celebrated, 198 ; Annals of, 

Pirates, capture of some, 393 

Portsmouth, first settlers of, 37 

Powow, Indian, 44 

Quakers, first in New England, i. 132-3 ; Letter 
from some at Lynn, ii. 149 

Quincy, Lunt's Discourse on J Q. Adams at, 321 

Raby Castle described, 124-5, 138 ,* taken, 143 

Railroad Statistics, 313 

Rape of Hastings, 26 

Reading, Early Settlers of, 46 

Rhode Island, Staple's Proceedings of the first Gen- 
eral Assembly of, 118; Hist. Soc. Hazard's 
Discourse before, 322 ; Complains, 246 

Roxbury, Ellis' Hist, of, 226 

Saco, burying-ground inscriptions, 392 

Schenectady, Destruction of, 150 

Sea Fight, 99, 100. 293 

Shrewsbury, Ward's Hist, of, 67 

Simple Cobbler of Agawam, 221 

Sketches from Nature, 42 

Small Pox, 24 

Stage Coach Statistics 

Still Water, Battle of, 49 

Stocks, described, 68 

Stow's Survey of London, 68 

Superstitions, 23, 54, 55 

Surnames, when first used and where, 163 ; how 
derived, 164 

Swearing by the Book, firs- practised in New Eng- 
land, 15, 18, 23 

Synod, of Boston, 12 

Thanksgiving, 201 

Ticonderoga, taken, 48, 49 

Tobacco, forbidden to be used in meetings, 69 

Tories, some put to death by Indians, 49 

Tragedy of the Sea, 271-4, 393 ; at Haverhill, 353 

Tunxis Indians, 115 

Virginia, Passengers for. 111-113 

Visitation of the Heralds, earliest on record, 344 

Walloons. 28, 29 

Wapentake, what it was, 26 

Wills, abstracts, 102, 180, 260 ; of Roger Conant, 
335 ; Co. Suffolk, 383 

Will-with-a-wisp, 75 

Winsor's Geneal. of the family of W., 116 

Witchcraft. 21, 23, 54. 55 

Woburn, burying-ground inscriptions, 270,387 

Woonsooket, Newman's inhabitants of, 116 

Yale College, 63 ; Class of 1797, 321 

Yankee Doodle, 101 


Donations have been received during the last quarter from the following 
gentlemen : 

William Ingalls, M. D., of Boston, 
Rev. Richard If. Chipman of Athol, Ms., 
Mr. Mathew Adams Stickney of Salem, 
Charles M. Taintor, Esq , of Shelburn, 
Mr. James Loring of Boston, 
Hon. N. K. Hall of Buffalo, N. Y., 
Hon. Robert C. Winthrop of Boston, 
Mr. Richard Soule, Jr., of Boston, 
Mr. W. S. Barton of Worcester, 
J. Wingate Thornton, Esq., of Boston, 
Samuel F. Train, Esq., of Boston. 

The above are all the names of donors that have come to the Publisher's 
knowledge. There may have been other contributions irregularly made, 
and hence could not be acknowledged. If there be any such they shall be 
recorded as soon as known. 

Gentlemen of the society, authors especially, are respectfully requested 
to forward any thing they may have for its library. 

Genealogies accumulate on our hands out of proportion to other 
matter of a more general interest ; it is therefore concluded that those who 
expect their memoirs of that class to be inserted in our work, will furnish 
an Engraving of some prominent individual of the family whose Genealogy 
is to be inserted. This has already been done in some instances, and we 
shall give the preference to those furnishing engravings, hereafter A Pew 
individuals of a name would be required to contribute but :i trifle each to 
procure a fine engraving. 

viii Notices and Corrections. — Errata. 


Our Portrait. — Down to a very late date in the quarter ending October 1st, we had 
no other expectation than to accompany the present number of our work Avith a portrait 
and memoir of Edward Rawson, the early secretary of Massachusetts. At that late 
date we received information, that, though the engraving would be ready, the memoir could 
not be got ready; the publisher was therefore obliged to take that now presented, which 
was originally intended to accompany a more elaborate memoir of the Indian chief in the 
Register. Yet we doubt not it will be acceptable to our patrons, especially as we can assure 
them, that it is a fac simile of that engraved from the painting procured by the celebrated 
Boswell. The original engraving, from which ours is an exact copy, w r as executed im- 
mediately from the painting, and was done in London, in 177G. 

As with documents, so with pictures, we always desire copies of originals, not composi- 
tions, which are neither the one nor the other. A highly finished engraving, unless the 
likeness be preserved, is but a deception : and a fac simile of an old print is much to be 
preferred to any other representation of it, for truly historical or antiquarian purposes. 

Barnstable. — Mr. Hamblen would be greatly obliged to any one who will aid him in 
perfecting the records of that early settled town, as they are 1 very defective in many names 
and dates. 

Eastham. — He would add the same concerning the records of this town. Having, 
with much labor, copied all the births, marriages and deaths recorded, he hopes there may 
be some who may have interest enough in the subject to forward him whatever they can 
find, not recorded, that they may be printed as perfect as possible. B~r~ Mr. H. would feel 
very grateful to any one who may be able to furnish him with an autograph of his ances- 
tor, James Hamblen. 

A Great and Valuable Work. — Henry Stevens, Esq. proposes to compile "Bibli- 
ographia Americana: A Bibliographical Account of the Sources of Early American His- 
tory ; comprising a description of books relating to America, printed prior to the year 1700, 
and of all books printed in America from 1543 to 1700. together with notices of many of 
the more important unpublished manuscripts. To be published under the direction of the 
Smithsonian Institution at Washington. 

Wickes Family. — Dr. S. Wickcs of Troy, N. Y., is very desirous to collect informa- 
tion about this family, and will thankfully receive such from those who may possess any. 

Notices of several new publications are deferred for want of room. 


Page 253, line 2 from top, the marriage of " John Andruce & Patience Nichols " should 
be 1635. He was b. 1658.— Page 249, line 2 from top, "Daniell Smith" should stand 
against Rehoboth instead of Marshfield. — Page 250, No. 7 of "First settlers of Hingham" 
should be David Phippmey. This way of writing the name was, however, erroneous ; he 
wrote his own name Phippen, as do his descendants now. "Joseph Phippenv," on p. 251, 
was son of David. G. D. P.— Page 24, line 7, for "Be" read " Being."— Page 34, line 3 
from bottom, for "Gounor" read "Gonnor." Page 39, note *, read "Camocks " Page 52, dele 
note*. — Same page, read "John Burchly" and for "John Ston " read John Stow: read 
Edw'd Sheffild. Insert in the same list "John Levins 16 goats and ft kids." Read Giles Pa- 
son— Page 53. after "Gowin Anderson" insert "Chr. Peake. 3 04 13 00 "— Pa<re 54, for "John 
Weld" read "Joseph Weld."— Page 102. for "Richard Eles" read "Richard Hills."— P. 146, 
line 12, for 1704 read 1764. — Page 175, line 13 from foot, read "Cart Bridge." and on the 
next p., line 21, make the same correction. — Page 177, line 5. for "impossibly" read "im- 
probably." — Page 194, for "Trustram Hall" read "Trustram Hull " For this correction we 
arc indebted to a lineal descendant, Oliver Hull. Esq., of New York. He informs us our 
Trustram Hull was the father of Capt. John Hull, who sailed a ship between Newport 
and London : and that Charles Wager, afterwards the celebrated and well known Sir 
Charles Wager, was his apprentice. Capt Hull removed to Rhode Island, where some 
of his descendants are still living — Page ibid, line 2, 2d paragraph, for a 46 read a 48. — 
Page 195, line 1, last paragraph, for 1680 read 1686.— Page 197. line 5, 2d paragraph, 
Benjamin only died at the time mentioned — Page 228, line 13 from foot, read "Marvin." — 
Page 336, read Portlcdirc —Pages 336 and 339. read Asron. The name of Rev. Wm. 
Cogswell should have stood at the head of the Biography of "Dr. Increase Mather." 



VOL. II. JANUARY, 1848. NO. I. 


The Mather Family has been one of distinguished respect in New 
England. The first individual of the name who came to this country, 
was the Rev. Richard Mather, a brief notice of whom may not be an 
inappropriate introduction to this memoir. He was the son of Thomas 
Mather, and was born in 1596 in the town of Lowton, Lancashire 
County, England. Having received a suitable education, he was set- 
tled as a minister of the Episcopal church fifteen years at Toxteth, and, 
for his nonconformity to the unrighteous exactions of that church, was 
deposed from the ministry in 16-33. To avoid further persecution, he 
came in 1635 to Massachusetts Bay. His were the feelings of the 
Psalmist, when he exclaimed, " that I had wings like a dove, for then 
would I fly away and be at rest. Lo, then would I wander far off, and 
remain in the wilderness." The reasons assigned for his coming to this 
country, recorded by himself, and which were the reasons that induced 
the First Fathers of New England generally, to cross the Atlantic, were, 
as transmitted to us by Dr. Cotton Mather, in his Magnalia ; 

" 1. A removal from a corrupt church, to a purer. 

"2. A removal from a place, where the truth and the professors of it 

are persecuted, unto a place of more quiet and safety. 
" 3. A removal from a place, where all the ordinances of God cannot 

be enjoyed, unto a place where they may. 
•• 4. A removal from a church, where this discipline of the Lord Jesus 

Christ is wanting, unto a church where it may be practised. 
u '>. A removal from a place, where the ministers of God are unjustly 

inhibited from the execution of their functions, to a [dace where 

they may more freely execute the same. 
" 6. A removal from a place, where there are fearful signs of coming 

desolations, to a place where one may have a well grounded hope 

of God's protection." 

10 Memoir of [Jan. 

The settlement of New England was primarily and chiefly a religious 
enterprise, undertaken for the enjoyment and advancement of religion 
and the glory of God. And, in the success of it, we have a remarkable 
illustration of that declaration of the Psalmist, " Surely the wrath of 
man shall praise thee." During the twelve years of Archbishop Laud's 
administration, not less than four thousand emigrants became planters 
in America. Neal, in his History of the Puritans, " informs us, that he 
had a list of seventy-seven divines ordained in the church of England, 
who became pastors of churches in America before the year 1640."* 

Of the above named pastors, the Rev. Richard Mather was one. He 
set sail from Bristol, Eng., for New England, and arrived at Boston, 
Aug. 17, 1635. He settled, the next year, Aug. 23, 1636, over the 
church in Dorchester, Ms., where he spent the remainder of his life, 
and died in the peace of a Christian, April 22, 1669, aged 73 years. 
His first wife was Catharine, a daughter of Edmund Holt, Esq., of Bury, 
Lancashire County, whom he married, Sept. 29, 1624, soon after his 
settlement at Toxteth ; and his second wife was the widow of the distin- 
guished John Cotton, pastor of the First Church in Boston. By his 
first wife, he had six sons, four of whom, Samuel, Nathaniel, Eleazar, 
and Increase, entered the ministry. The last mentioned is the particu- 
lar subject of this Memoir. 

Dr. Increase Mather, of whom one of his successors f in the minis- 
terial office, said, " Whether you consider the extraordinary honors 
that attended him while living, or the general sentiment which has fol- 
lowed his memory, or consult the writings he has left behind him, you 
will pronounce him a man richly endowed by nature, richly furnished 
by education, and deservedly numbered with the most pious, learned, 
and useful men of New England," — was born at Dorchester, Ms., 
June 21, 1639, and received his name from the circumstance of " the 
never-to-be-forgotten increase of every sort wherewith God favored the 
country about the time of his nativity." 

While yet a child, his pious mother told him, " that she desired of the 
glorious God only two things on his behalf, — the one was the grace to 
fear and love God, and the other was the learning that might accom- 
plish him to do service for God ; both of which, it was her strong per- 
suasion, she told him, that God would bestow upon him. " Child" 
said she, " if God make thee a good Christian, and a good scholar, 
thou hast all that ever thy mother ashed for thee." In her instructions, 
she inculcated the duty of diligence, " and often put him in mind of 

* Dr. Pond t Rev. Henry Ware, Jr., D. D. 

1848.] Rev. Increase Matlier. D. B. 11 

that word, ' Soest thou a man diligent in his business ; he shall stand 
before kings ; he shall not stand before mean men.' "* 

Young Mather entered Harvard College at the early age of twelve 
years, and graduated in 1656. The next year he commenced preach- 
ing, and, being invited by his brother Samuel to visit Dublin in Ireland, 
he sailed from Boston, July 3, 1657, and, in five weeks, arrived at 
England. By the advice of his brother, he entered his name as a stu- 
dent at Dublin University or Trinity College, and, June 24, 1658, when 
only nineteen years of age, proceeded Master of Arts in that Institu- 
tion, performing first the exercises required on such occasions by its 
statutes. Having spent about four years abroad, and the greater part 
of the time as a preacher of the Gospel, he felt it his duty to return to 
New England, though he had received various offers of settlement in 
the ministry. Accordingly he sailed from Weymouth, June 29, 1661, 
and landed in Boston about the first of September following. He was 
immediately invited to preach at the North Church in Boston, though 
he was not ordained there till May 27, 1664. f He continued with that 
church till Aug. 23, 1723, having been a preacher sixty-six years, sixty- 
two of which were passed in the ministry in Boston. 

March 6, 1662, Dr. Mather married Maria, a daughter of the cele- 
brated Rev. John Cotton of Boston, by Avhom he had ten children — 
three sons and seven daughters. His first son was Cotton Mather, who 
received for his Christian name the surname of his maternal grandfather. 
He was considered the most learned man in New England, and was the 
author of three hundred and eighty-two distinct publications, many of 
which were of considerable magnitude. His second son was Nathaniel 
Mather, who died at the age of nineteen, — a person of uncommon 
attainments in religion and erudition. He graduated when only sixteen 
years of age. At this time he had accurately read through the Old 
Testament in Hebrew and the New Testament in Greek, and was able 
to converse familiarly in Latin. He was also distinguished for his 
attainments in mathematics, philosophy, history, theology, and rabbinical 
Learning. The third son of Dr. Mather was Samuel Mather, who be- 
ne "a faithful and useful minister of the gospel at Witney, in Oxford- 
ire, and wn 1 valuable treatises, among which." says Cotton 
M kther, " his Vindication of the Doctrine of the Trinity, and his Vin- 
dication of the Deify of (he Holy Spirit, and his Vindication of the 
1 Scriptures, do Bhine with a particular lustre, and challenge a 
room and a name for him, among the blessings of the age." 

trig remark of Solomon wai remarkably fulfilled in Dr. Mather. He was emphati- 
cally diligent in business, and he MM literally stand before kn - 

t Sec Dr. Cotton Mather*! Memoirs of his father. 

12 Memoir of [Jan. 

The seven daughters of Dr. Mather, with the exception of one who 
died in infancy, lived to be settled in life, to have families, and to ex- 
hibit evidence of true piety. Their names were Maria, Elizabeth, 
Sarah, Abigail, Hannah, and Jerusha. Sarah married the Rev. Nehe- 
miah Walter, of Roxbury, and Abigail, the Rev. John White, of 

To show the way in which Dr. Mather spent his time, and in which 
he accomplished so much for the glory of God and the benefit of man- 
kind, we will here introduce some of his general rules of living. He 
says, " My purpose (by thy help, Lord !) is to spend my time every 
day as folio we th : 

" 1 Day of the Week. Besides my public labors, attend Catechizing, 
and personal Instruction in my Family. 

" 2. A. M. Read Comments. Study Sermon. P. M. Read some 
Authors. Study Sermon. 

" 3. A. M. Read Comments. Study Sermon. P. M. Endeavour to 
Instruct Personally some or other ; (at least in the Summer 
Time.) Read Authors. 

" 4. A. M. Read Comments. Study Sermon. P. M. Read Au- 
thors. Sermon. 

"5. A.M. Read Comments. Study Sermon. After Lecture* En- 
deavour among the Ministers to Promote what shall be of Public 

" 6. A. M. Read Comments. Study Sermon. P. M. Read Au- 
thors. Sermon. 

" 7. Read Comments. Prepare for Sabbath : [Committing Sermons 
to Memory.] 
" Only Allowance must be given for Visitations, and Necessary Avo- 
cations, which cannot be foreseen. 

"lam not willing to allow myself above Seven Hours in Four and 

Twenty for sleep ; but would spend the rest of my time in attending to 

the duties of my personal or general calling. " 

This method of employing his time was adopted in early life, and, 

with a few modifications, was continued through his ministry. 

When the controversy respecting the subject of baptism was agitated, 

Dr. Mather opposed the results of the Synod, held at Boston in 1662 ; 

but, being convinced of his error by the arguments of Mr. Mitchell of 

Cambridge, he afterwards defended the Synodical propositions. "The 

two questions referred to the decision of the Synod, and concerning 

* Probably the united Thursday Lecture established by the ministers in Boston. 

1848.] Rev. Increase Mather, D. D. 13 

which the country was much divided in sentiment, were these: 1. Who 
are subjects of baptism. 2. Whether according to the Word of God 
there ought to be a Consociation of Churches, and what should be the 
manner of it." * 

Dr. Mather was a member of the Reforming Synod of 1679 and 
1680 ; and drew up the result, which was unanimously adopted. 

After the death of President Oakes, which occurred July 25, 1681, 
Dr. Mather was invited to take charge of the college, and, at the suc- 
ceeding commencement, presided at the Masters' disputations, and 
conferred the degrees. But, as his church refused to relinquish him, 
he only made weekly visits to Cambridge until the appointment, in the 
following year, of President Rogers. In 1684, Mr. Rogers died, and 
Dr. Mather was again honored by an election to that office, and accept- 
ed it on certain conditions, by which he could comply with the request 
of the Corporation and satisfy the objections of his own church. He 
was allowed to preach every Sabbath in Boston, and to attend to his 
duties as President of the college on week days. His great industry 
and application to business enabled him to do this. As he excelled in 
extemporaneous performances, his ministerial duties were rendered 
more easy. He governed the college with great reputation till the 
year 1701, when he resigned his office in consequence of an act of the 
General Court, requiring the President to reside at Cambridge. While 
head of the college, he was presented by the Corporation and Overseers 
with a diploma of Doctor in Divinity. This was the first instance of 
conferring such a degree in British America ; and no other person re- 
ceived a Doctorate from Harvard College till seventy-nine years after- 
wards, when the same degree was conferred on the Rev. Nathaniel 
Appleton of Cambridge. 

From the time Charles II. came to the throne of England, there was 
an unhappy understanding between him and the people of Massachu- 
setts. He preferred claims, and made encroachments, which they 
resisted. The causes of irritation, both on the part of the king and 
the colonists, continually increased, until the latter end of the year 
1683, when it was formally announced to the people, thai unless k *tl i 
if »uld make a full submission and entire resignation of their charter to 
bis pleasure, Q Warranto against it should be prosecuted. Tin' 
question w is offered onto Mr. slather, whether the country could, with- 
out a plain tresp tinsl Beaven, do what was demanded of them; 

1 in his elaborate answer to it, he demonstrated, thai they would aol 
neither the part of good Christians, nor of true Englishmen, if, by any 

* HatdrfBMtl'f History of Mnssn* ftusctts, Vol. I. ]>. L'" r >. 

14 Memoir of [Jan. 

act of theirs, they should be accessory to the plot then managing to 
produce a general shipwreck of liberties. Communicating his answer 
to several of the magistrates, the copies thereof came into many hands, 
and with so much efficacy, that the country was preserved from a mean 
compliance with the vile proposal. Great was the rage of adversaries 
on this occasion, and Mr. Mather was by them called and spited as 
the Mahomet of New England. He felt it ; but yet so satisfied in the 
good work, that when the freemen of Boston met on January 23, that 
they might give instructions to their Deputies for the General Court, 
and the Deputies with others desired him to be present, and give them 
his thoughts on the case of conscience before them, he made a short 
speech in the town house, and this was it : 

6 As the question is now stated, Whether you will make a full sub- 
mission and entire resignation of your charter and the privileges of it, 
unto his Majesties pleasure, I verily believe Ave shall sin against the 
God of heaven, if we vote an affirmative unto it. The Scripture teach- 
eth us otherwise. We know what Jephthah said, That which the Lord 
our Gfod has given us, shall we not jiossess itf And though Naboth 
ran a great hazard by the refusal, yet he said, God forbid that I should 
give away the inheritance of my fathers. Nor would it be wisdom for 
us to comply. We know David made a wise choice, when he chose to 
fall into the hands of God rather than into the hands of men. If we 
make a full and entire resignation to pleasure, we fall into the hands of 
men immediately. But if Ave do it not, we still keep ourselves in the 
hands of God ; Ave trust ourselves with his Providence, and who knows 
what God may do for us ? There are examples before our eyes, the 
consideration Avhercof should be of Aveight Avith us. Our brethren* hard 
by us, Avhat have they gained by being so ready to part with their lib- 
erties, but an acceleration of their miseries ? And Ave hear from Lon- 
don, that Avhen it came to that, the loyal citizens would not make a full 
submission and entire resignation to pleasure, lest their posterity should 
curse them for it. And shall Ave then do such a thing ? I hope there 
is not one freeman in Boston that can be guilty of it! However I have 
discharged my conscience in Avhat I have thus declared unto you.' 

" Upon this pungent speech many of the freemen fell into tears ; and 
there was a general acclamation, We thank you, sir/ We thank you, 
sir! The question Avas upon the vote carried in the negative, nemine 
contradicente ; and the act of Boston had a great influence upon all the 
country. " f 

* The people of Plymouth Colony, no doubt, were intended. 
t Dr. Cotton Mather's Remarkables of Dr. Increase Mather. 

1848.] Rev. Increase Mather, D. D. 15 

December 19, 1686, Sir Edmund Andros arrived at Nantasket in 
the Kingfisher, a fifty gun ship, with commissions from King James II. 
for the government of New England. He was dreaded less than 
Kirk, * but he was known to be of an arbitrary disposition. 

Says Hutchinson, " One of the first acts of power, after the change 
of government, was the restraint of the press. Randolph was the 
licenser. There was not so much room to complain of this proceeding, 
as if the press had been at liberty before. It only changed its keeper, 
having been long under restraint during the former administration. A 
restraint upon marriages was more grievous. None were allowed to 
marry except they entered into bonds with sureties to the Governor, to 
be forfeited in case there should afterwards appear to have been any 
unlawful impediment. Magistrates still continued to join people in 
matrimony. Other provision could not immediately be made. There 
was but one Episcopal minister in the country ; his name was Ratcliffe. 
Sir Edmund considered the Congregational ministers as mere laymen. 
Randolph wrote to the Bishop of London, ' I press for able and sober 
ministers, and we will contribute largely to their maintenance ; but 
one tiling will mainly help, when no marriages shall hereafter be 
allowed lawful, but such as are made by the ministers of the church of 

" There had been very few instances of even occasional assemblies 
for religious worship according to the rites and ceremonies of the 
Church of England for more than fifty years. When the commissioners 
from King Charles were at Boston in 1665, they had a chaplain with 
them, but there was no house for public worship. Most of the inhab- 
itants who were upon the stage in 1686 had never seen a church of 
England assembly. 

" Swearing by the book, which had never been practised, was now 
introduced, and such as scrupled it were fined and imprisoned." Fasts 
and thanksgivings, appointed by the churches, were suppressed by the 
Governor, who at this time was Andros. 

Under the new administration, fees to all officers were exorbitant. 

Taxation was oppressively augmented. The rights and privileges of 

the pcopl.- were trampled under foot. For remonstrating against 

i, •• John Gold of Topefield was tried and convicted by verdict 

of a jury, of treasonable words, and fined fifty pounds; Mr. Appleton 

* The notorious Col Kirk. whose ferocious mid detestable cruelty has secured him in 
i m mortality of infamy in the history of Old England, was appointed Governor <>t Mai' 
Hampshire, Maine, and New Plymouth; and it was determined thai do 
representative assembly of the Colonists ihonld be permitted to exist, but that all the func- 
tions of municipal authority should Devested in toe Governor and a Council appointed 
daring the Royal pleasure.— Giahame'i History of the Umttd 8tat 

16 Memoir of [Jan. 

of Ipswich, who had been an assistant, and Mr. Wise, the minister of 
that town, were imprisoned." 

The validity of the existing land titles was questioned ; the govern- 
ment pretending that the rights acquired under the sanction of the old 
charter w r ere tainted with its vices and obnoxious to its fate. New 
grants or patents from the Governor, it was announced, were requisite 
to mend the defective titles to land ; and w r rits of intrusion were issued 
against all who refused to apply for such patents and to pay the exor- 
bitant fees that were charged for them. The above facts have been 
mentioned as expressive of the oppressions of the people, and as causes 
of their resistance of authority. 

Dr. Mather who had been active in opposition, did not escape with 
impunity. The agents of the Court became his inveterate enemies. 
Base arts were practised to harass and injure him. A long letter, con- 
taining sentiments offensive to persons in power, was even forged in his 
name for that purpose, and directed to a person in Amsterdam. This 
letter being intercepted, was read before the King and Council ; and it 
was proposed to have him brought to England for trial and punishment ; 
but a suspicion that the letter was forged, or some other cause, saved 
him from this peril. Sir Lionel Jenkins, who was reflected upon in 
the letter, appears to have taken no further notice of it, than to ask 
contemptuously, " whether the star-gazer wrote it," alluding to a dis- 
course which Dr. Mather had written upon comets. 

The oppressions of the people became so intolerable, that the princi- 
pal gentlemen of the Province determined to send an agent to England 
and lay their grievances before the King himself. Dr. Mather was 
selected as a suitable person for that office. As soon as this was known 
it gave great alarm to the officers of government ; and they determined, 
if possible, to prevent it. Dr. Mather had expressed a suspicion that 
the notorious Edward Randolph w r as author of the forged letter. Ran- 
dolph took this opportunity to prosecute him for defamation ; but in 
spite of all his artifices, Mather was acquitted. Not deterred by this 
failure, Randolph sent an officer to arrest him again, upon the same 
charge ; but Dr. Mather being apprized of it, kept upon his guard, 
changed his dress, when he went from his house ; and at length with no 
little management, was conveyed on board a ship, which carried him as 
an Agent to England, in the spring of 1688. Before leaving, (it ought 
to be stated,) the subject was proposed to his church, with the declara- 
tion on the part of the Pastor, If you say to me, Stay, I will stay ; but 
if you say to me, Go, I will cast myself on the providence of God, 
and, in his name, I will go. I know not how to discern the mind of 

1848.] Rev. Increase Mather, D. D. 17 

God but by your inclinations. He set sail, April 7, 1688, on board 
the President, and, after a quick voyage, landed at Weymouth, Eng., 
May 6, and on May 30, had an interview with the King at Whitehall. 
" Offering to kneel, the King forbad that Posture to him. Whereupon 
presenting the Address, he said, Syr, your Majesties most Loyal Sub- 
jects in New England, with all possible Veneration, Present this 
Address to your Majesty, for your most gracious Declaration of Indul- 
gence unto them and their Brethren. The King replied, Read it, Syr ; 
which he did, and added the Number of the Ministers who had sub- 
scribed it, in the Name of their several Congregations. The King then 
received it out of his hand, and said, I am glad my Subjects in New 
England are sensible of any ease and benefit by my Declaration, and 
it shall Continue. I hope by a Parliament to obtain a Magna Charta 
for Liberty of Conscience. He then Presented an Address to the 
King from Plymouth ; to which his Majesty replied, I kindly accept of 
this Address also, and I say again, as I said before, you shall have a 
Magna Charta for Liberty of Conscience." 

" Two days after this, Mr. Mather was Admitted into the Kings 
Closet, and there said unto him, Syr, your Majesties most Loyal Sub- 
jects in New England, think, they can never be Sufficiently thankful 
to God, and to your Majesty, for the benefit they have received by 
your most Gracious Declaration of Indulgence. The King replied, I 
am sure, they that are truly Conscientious are pleased with my Decla- 
ration. As for those that are not satisfied with it, they are Men that 
have little Designs of their own ; and their tricks are well known to 
the world. I was for Liberty of Conscience before I was King ; and 
I thank God, that since I was King I have been able in that matter to 
give some ease unto my subjects, lie then said unto the King, Syr, 
your Subjects in New England are a people that were persecuted 
thither on the meer Account of Religion. Inasmuch as your Majesty 
has Delivered them from the fear of future Persecution, they are 
Transported with joy, and there are great Numbers, desirous that I 

>ild report Dutiful Affection nnto your Majesty. The King there- 
upon asked him, whether Sr. Edmund Androe gave good Satisfaction 
t'> hi- Subjects there. 

u The Dialogue went on in these terms. 

" M kTHKR. Syr, if he would but duly attend to your Majesty's 1 I 
larati'tn. the people there would 1..- better Satisfied. 

" Ki\'.. Does he ii"t do that '.' 

"Mather. There hare been some of rour Subjects Fined and 
Imprisoned, I • from a Tenderness of Conscience they Scrupled, 

18 Memoir of [Jan. 

Swearing by the Book. I brought an Address of Thanks to your 
Majesty from a Number of our Congregations. I believe all the Con- 
gregations in the Country would have Concurred in the Address had not 
the Ministers been Discouraged by Syr Edmund Andros, who in a 
menacing way, bid them, have a Care what they did. And one of the 
Council with him there told us, we should make no Addresses to the 
King without their Leave. The Ministers of Boston proposed unto 
their Congregations, that they might keep a Day of Thanksgiving to 
Bless God for what they have enjoyed by your Majesties Declaration. 
But he sent for them and bid them keep the Day at their Peril, and 
assured them, that if they did, he would clap a Guard on their Persons 
and their Churches too ; so that the intended Thanksgiving was 

• " King. I wonder at it ; For in other Plantations, the Governors 
themselves have sent me Thanks for my Declaration. 

" Mather. All the Hope under God, that your Subjects in New 
England have, is in your Majesty. They cannot but hope that the 
Great God, in whose Hand is the Heart of Kings, will incline your 
Royal Heart to relieve them, when once you shall truly and fully be 
informed how it is with them. 

" King. [ Who seemed Pleased.'] No Man shall be more ready to 
relieve them than I will be. Do you, therefore, bring to me in Writing, 
the things which trouble you. 

" Upon this, Mr. Mather kneeled, and the King offering his hand 
unto him, he Kissed it ; and for this time took his leave. " 

Dr. Mather immediately prepared a Memorial of the grievances, 
which filled New England with the cry of the oppressed, and also a 
Petition for a redress of them. These he presented to the King, with 
whom he had five interviews in about six months ; but all terminated in 
good words and fair speeches. Nothing more was done. During all 
the time the King was deluding him with promises, saying, " What 
you desire, Syr, is reasonable ; it shall be done," it is probable, that 
he was actually plotting, as he admitted in one of his letters to the 
Pope, " to set up the Roman Catholic religion in the English Provinces 
of North America.' , 

But the intrigues, the deceptions, and usurpations of James were of 
short continuance. In November of this same year, (1(388,) the happy 
revolution commenced which exiled the reigning monarch, and placed 
William and Mary on the throne. 

" This revolution in the mother country was immediately followed by 
the overthrow of Andros's government in Massachusetts. The people 

1848.] Rev. Increase Mather, D. D. 19 

rose en masse ; took possession of an armed frigate, which had been 
stationed in Boston harbor, with a view to overawe them ; seized 
Audros, Dudley, Randolph, and forty or fifty others of their oppressors, 
and committed them to prison ; established a temporary government, 
according to the provisions of the Old Charter to be continued until 
advices should be received from England ; replaced the venerable Gov- 
ernor Bradstreet, and the other magistrates in the several offices, from 
which they had been driven ; and revived throughout, so far as they 
were able, the former civil condition of the Colony. Never was a 
revolution more complete and satisfactory ; and all accomplished without 
violence — -without the shedding of one drop of blood." 

The Prince of Orange having declared that the restoration of Char- 
ters was one intention of his coining to England, Dr. Mather immedi- 
ately used his most vigorous endeavours, that the Charters of New 
England might be restored as well as those of England. Lord Wharton 
introduced him to the King at St. James's, Jan. 9th, when he presented 
a petition to His Highness. At this interview Lord Wharton, in his 
seal for the cause, said to His Majesty, " That if he were sure to die 
the next day, he would, as he now did this day, appear on behalf of 
New England, and solicit his favor for that religious country." He 
said, " That they were a godly conscientious people and that there were 
proportionably more good men in New England than in any other part 
of the world." He also said, " That they did not petition for money, 
nor for soldiers, nor for any other succours under their heavy difficul- 
: but for their ancient privileges." His Highness replied, " That 
his purpose was to take the best care he could about it ; and he would 
give order to his Secretary concerning it." 

"March 14, L689, Lord Wharton again introduced Dr. Mather 

t - King William ; and he, knowing that the King desired none but 

Bhort speeches, only said, I congratulate your Majesties happy 

jsion to the crown, and I humbly implore your favor to New 


■• Ki.v<;. You may rest assured, that I will show them all the favor 
which it is my power to do. 

"MATHER. I may humbly and freely speak it; the very prayers 
of that pe >ple will be of some service to your Majesty. They are a 
1 and a praying people. 

"Kino. I : they ar pie ; but I doubt there have 

in their government. 

•• M in. :. I durst engage, thai they shall at the first word reform 

any irregularities they shall be advised of. 

20 Memoir of [Jan. 

" Lord Wharton. And I will be their guarantee, and here is Mr. 
Mather, the Rector of the College there, shall be another. We two 
will stand bound for New England, that they shall act regularly for the 

" King. I will forthwith give order, that Sir Edmund Andros shall 
be removed from the government of New England, and be called unto 
an account for his mal-administration. And I will direct, that the 
present King and Queen shall be proclaimed by their former magistrates. 

"Mather. Sir, they will do it with the joyfullest hearts in the 

About this time two additional agents, Messrs. Elisha Cook and 
Thomas Oakes were deputed by the Colony to join Dr. Mather in 
England, and endeavour with him to promote the interests of the 

July 4, 1689, Dr. Mather had another interview with the King at 
Hampton Court, and said : 

" Mather. I presume your Majesty has been informed of the great 
service, which your subjects in New England have done for your Maj- 
esty, and for this nation, and for the Protestant interest in securing that 
territory for King William. 

" King. I have seen some letters that speak of it, and I kindly 
accept of what they have done. 

" Mather. If your Majesty would please to command, that your 
kind acceptance of what they have done shall be signified unto them, 
it will be a great encouragement. 

" King. I will give order to the Secretary of State, that a Letter 
be written to them, to let them understand, that what they have done 
is acceptable to me. 

" Mather. Your Majesty may by the assistance of New England 
whenever you please, become the Emperor of America. I durst 
engage that your subjects there will readily venture their lives and 
estates in your service. All that is humbly desired on their behalf is 
only that they may enjoy their ancient rights and privileges. 

" King. I do assure you I will do all that it is in my power to do, 
that it may be so." 

Dr. Mather contrived to introduce a bill into Parliament which 
actually passed the House of Commons ; but before it could pass the 
Upper House, Parliament was prorogued, to his disappointment and 

It was soon evident from the disposition of the next Parliament, that 
no favor was to be expected from it for New England. Dr. Mather's 

1848.] Rev. Increase Mather, D. D. 21 

next attempt was " to bring, by a writ of error in judgment, the case 
relating to the Massachusetts Colony out of the court in Chancery unto 
the King's Bench ; " but here also he was defeated and disappointed. 

All hope of obtaining the restoration of the old Charter having been 
abandoned, nothing could be done but to have recourse to Royal favor 
in procuring a new Charter. To effect this, the three agents of the 
Colony signed a petition to the King. In accomplishing this object, 
much assistance was afforded by Archbishop Tillotson, Bishop Burnet, 
the Earl of Monmouth, Lord Wharton, and others. 

During the King's absence in Holland, Dr. Mather, April 9, 1691, 
was introduced to the Queen by Madam Lockhart, with whom he had 
a free and interesting conversation in respect to the grievances of New 

At length, after great labor, and frequent disappointments, the New 
Charter of Massachusetts was obtained, (the best that could be 
obtained,) and Dr. Mather was entrusted with the nomination of the 
Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and the Board of Council, who were 
to be appointed by the King. March 29, 1692, Dr. Mather in com- 
pany with the new Governor, Sir William Phipps, embarked at Plym- 
outh for New England, and arrived at Boston the 14th of May. Soon 
after, the first General Assembly of the Province was convened, when 
" the Speaker in the name of the House of Representatives returned 
him (Dr. Mather) thanks for his faithful, painful, and indefatigable 
endeavors to serve the country." " The great and General Assembly 
appointed also a day of solemn Thanksgiving to Almighty God through 
the Province, for granting a safe return to His Excellency the Governor, 
and the Rev. Increase Mather, who have industriously endeavored the 
service of this people, and brought over with them a settlement of 
government, in which their Majesties have graciously given us distin- 
guishing marks of their Royal favor and goodness." 

Though Dr. Mather was a believer in witchcraft, he did not approve 
of condemning accused persons on what was called apectr&evideuce, 
being of opinion, that an evil spirit might for wise purposes, be some- 
times permitted to assume the appearance of an innocent man. He 
accordingly opposed the horrible proceedings of the memorable year 
1692 : and published a treatise which is said to have aided in putting a 
stop to them. J lad he been in this country when the difficulties com- 
menced, it is probable they never would have proceeded to Buch a 
tragical conclusion. lie and a very small onmber of others in and 
around Boston, by resisting the infatuation, may be regarded a- superior 
to the age, and should be admired for their wisdom and courage. 

22 Memoir of [Jan. 

In reference to Dr. Mather as a man, a Minister, President of the 
College, and Agent in procuring the New Charter, we add the following 
testimony : 

Mr. Peirce, in his History of Harvard College, says, Dr. Mather's 
mental endowments were of a superior order ; his learning was exten- 
sive ; his affections were lively and strong ; he excelled as a preacher, 
possessed an ardent spirit of devotion ; and was diligent, active, and 
resolute in the discharge of the various and important duties, which 
Providence from time to time assigned to him. He was a benevolent 
man ; one tenth, at least, of his income being applied to objects of 
charity. He was a friend to toleration, especially in the latter part of 
his life. His manners were those of a gentleman, and there was a 
remarkable gravity in his deportment which commanded the reverenee 
of those who approached him. 

Dr. Eliot in his biography of him says, As a Pastor of a church, he 
was highly esteemed by all classes of people. His gi^ts, his preaching, 
and his writings were accounted excellent. He was the father of the 
New England Clergy, and his name and character were held in vene- 
ration, not only by those who knew him, but by succeeding generations.* 

Mr. Peirce says, Dr. Mather's services at the college were assiduous 
and faithful. The moral and religious instruction of the students had 
his particular attention. The college appears to have been in a flour- 
ishing condition, while he was at its head. Its numbers increased, and 
it was enriched in no small degree, by the hand of munificence. f 

President Quincy also says, That Dr. Mather was well qualified for 
the office of President, and had conducted himself in it faithfully and 
laboriously, is attested by the history of the college, the language of the 
legislature, and the acknowledgment of his cotemporaries. — His con- 
duct in this great crisis of his country, (when the New Charter was 
obtained,) entitles him to unqualified approbation. It is scarcely 
possible for a public Agent to be placed in circumstances more trying 
and critical, nor could any one have exhibited more sagacity and 
devotedness to the true interests of his constituents. By his wisdom 
and firmness in acceding to the New Charter, and thus assuming a 
responsibility of the weightiest kind, in opposition to his colleagues in 
the agency, he saved his country, apparently, from a rebellion, or a 
revolution, or having a constitution imposed by the will of the trans- 
atlantic sovereign, and possibly at the point of the bayonet. f 

* Biographical Dictionary. 

t History of Harvard College, p. 64. 

\ History of Harvard University, Vol. I., pp. 116, 123. 

1848.] Bev. Increase Mather, D. D. 23 

As a memorial of his industry, piety, and patriotism, avc record the 
following chronological catalogue of his printed works ; namely, 

1669, The Mystery of Israel's Salvation. — 1670, The Life and 
Death of Mr. Richard Mather. — 1673, Wo to Drunkards. — 1674, 
The Day of Trouble near ; Important Truths about Conversion. — 
1»>7."), The First Principles of New England ; A Discourse concerning 
Baptism, and the Consociation of Churches ; The Wicked Man's Por- 
tion ; The Times of Men in the Hands of God. — 1676, The History 
of the War with the Indians ; with an Exhortation to the Inhabitants. — 
1677. A Relation of Troubles of New England from the Indians, from 
the Beginning ; A Historical Discourse, on the Pre valency of Prayer ; 
Renewal of Covenant, the Duty of Decaying and Distressed Churches. 
— 1678, Pray for the Rising Generation. — 1679, A Call to the Ris- 
ing Generation. — 1680, The Divine Right of Infant Baptism ; The 
great Concernment of a Covenant People ; Heaven's Alarm to the 
World. — 1682, Dlatriba de Slgno Filii Hominis ; Practical Truths ; 
The Church, a Subject of Persecution. — 1683, Cometo gravida ; or a 
Discourse concerning Comets. — 1684, Remarkable Providences ; The 
Doctrine of Divine Providence. — 1685, An Arrow against Profane 
and Promiscuous Dances. — 1686, The Mystery of Christ ; The Great- 
est of Sinners Exhorted ; A Sermon on the Execution of a poor Man 
for Murder. — 1687, A Testimony against Superstitions. — 1688, De 
v ■■.<</ Evangelii apud Lidos ; Epistola. — 1689, The Unlawfulness 
of Using Common Prayer, and of Swearing on the Book. — 1690, 
Several Papers relating to the State of Xew England ; A Relation of 
the State of Xew England ; The Revolution Justified. 1693, The 
Blessing of Primitive Counsellours ; Cases of Conscience concerning 
Witchcraft ; An Essay on the Power of a Pastor for the Administra- 
tion of Sacrament-. 1 695, On the Case whether a Man may Marry his 
Wife's own Sister; Solemn Advice to Young Men. — 1696, Angelr 
ograpJda — A Treatise of Angels. — 1697, A Discourse on Man's not 
knowing his Time ; The Case of Conscience concerning the Bating of 
Blood. — 1698, David Serving his Generation — A Funeral Sermon 
for the Rev. John Bailey. — 1699, Tin- Sorest Way to the Highest 
Honor ; A Discourse on Hardness of Heart ; The Folly of Sinning. — 
1700, The Order of the Gospel Vindicated. — 1701, The Blessed 
Hope. — 1 7"J, Remarks on a Sermon of George Keith : [chabod, or the 
Glory Departing; The Excellency of a Public Spirit; The Christian 
Religion, the only true Religion. — 17<>:;, Tin- Duty of Parents to 
Pray for their Children; Soul-Saving Gospel Truths.' — 17<U. The 
Voice of God in Stormy Winds : Practical Truths to Promote II«»lii 

24 Memoir of Rev. Increase Mather, D. D. [Jan. 

— 1705, Meditations on the Glory of Christ. — 170G, A Discourse 
concerning Earthquakes ; a Testimony against Sacrilege ; A Disserta- 
tion concerning Right to Sacraments. — 1707, Meditations on Death; 
A Disquisition concerning the State of Souls Departed. — 1709, A 
Dissertation concerning the Future Conversion of the Jews, confuting 
Dr. Lightfoot and Mr. Baxter. — 1710, A Discourse concerning Faith 
and Prayer for the Kingdom of Christ ; A Sermon on Be very Coura- 
geous, at the Artillery-Election ; Awakening Truths Tending to Con- 
version. — 1711, Meditations on the Glory of the Heavenly World; 
A Discourse concerning the Death of the Righteous ; The Duty of the 
Children of Godly Parents. — ■ 1712, Burnings Bewayled ; Remarks 
upon an Answer to a Book against the Common Prayer ; Meditations 
on Sanctification of the Lord's Day. — 1713, A plain Discourse, show- 
ing who shall, and who shall not enter into Heaven ; The Believer's 
gain by Death — a Funeral Sermon for his Daughter-in-Law. — 1714, 
Resignation to the Will of God — on the Death of his Consort. — 1715, 
Jesus Christ a Mighty Saviour, and other Subjects. — 1716, A Disqui- 
sition concerning Ecclesiastical Councils ; There is a God in Heaven ; 
The Duty and Dignity of Aged Servants of God. — 1718, The Duty 
of Praying for Ministers ; A Sermon at the Ordination of his Grandson ; 
Sermons on the Beatitudes ; Practical Truths plainly delivered, with 
an Ordination Sermon. — 1719, Five Sermons on Several Subjects. 
One of them on the Author's Birth-day. — 1720, Seasonable Testimony 
to the Order of the Churches. — 1721, Advice to Children of Godly 
Ancestors : A Sermon concluding the Boston Lectures on Early Piety ; 
Several small Sheets on Inoculation for the Small Pox. — 1722, A 
Dying Pastor's Legacy ; Elijah's Mantle. 

Besides the above ninety-two publications, Dr. Mather wrote many 
" learned and useful Prefaces " to books, as well as fugitive pieces, 
published from time to time. 

In preparing the above Memoir, we have had access to what are 
termed the Mather Papers, in the Library of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, and to the Memoirs of Remarkables in the Life and Death of 
Dr. Increase Mather — a work now very rare and little known, from 
which we have made free extracts, some of which have never, to our 
knowledge, been published in any other notice of him, and which we 
supposed would be new and interesting to most of our readers. 

The following is a facsimile of the autograph of Dr. Mather : 

1848.] . The Roll of Battle Abbey. 25 


All things hasten to decay ; all fall ; all perish ; all come to an end. Man dieth, iron 
consumeth, wood decayeth ; towers crumble, strong walls fall down, the rose withereth 
away; the war-horse waxeth feeble, gay trappings grow old; all the works of men's hands 
perish. Thus we are taught that all die, both clerk and lay; and short would be the fame 
of any after death, if their history did not endure by being written in the book of the 
clerk. — Master Wace ) his Chronicle of the Norman Conquest. Taylor's translation. 

We are not aware that this famous and much-talked-of document of 
antiquity has ever been printed on this side of the Atlantic ; at any 
rate, we cannot call to mind any impression of it printed in America. 
It was thought it would be highly gratifying to American antiquaries, 
to possess copies of so curious a thing, even if it should be deemed by 
them of no other value than a relic of the fathers of a numerous race, 
at this time occupying places in our midst ; in fact, it would be difficult 
to say where the descendants of that world-renowned band are not to 
be found. Much might be said here why we should preserve in our 
work this famous Roll, but on casting our eye over the authors we 
had resolved to set up as our authority, we found that we were so well 
anticipated in what we must say, that we at once resolved to call them 
to our aid, and say as little as possible ourself. And when we assure 
the reader that "HONEST JOHN STOW," " GREVE AND 
HOLINSIIED," had all been summoned for the occasion, and were 
actually in attendance, and ready for the undertaking, we thought we 
could step out unobserved, and leave them to tell the story about the 
document in question. 

That it has never appeared in an American work to this day, will 
seem strange hereafter, when it is obvious that without it no English 
history can be considered complete ; and it is equally obvious that with- 
out it no American history can be complete ; because all English his- 
tory is but an introduction to that of American. But as this article 
will be somewhat long, and as we have promised to let our old chroni- 
clers speak for us in the principal matter, we bring forward Stow, who 
discourses thus, by way of introduction : 

After England was conquered by the Norman invader, " he brought 
the Iewes from Rhoane to inhabite here. He received homage, oath of 
fidelity, and pledges of the Nobles, and commanded that in euery 
towne and village a bell should be rung euery night at eight of the 
clocke, and that all people should then put forth [out] theire fire and 
candle and goe to bed, which order uasobserued through this realme, 
during his raigne, and the raigne of William his son. Thus were the 
Englishmen forced to imitate the Normans in habit of apparell, shauing 
off their beards, sendee at the Table, and in all other outward gestures. 

" The historiographers of that time accounted y c yean to begin at 
Christinas after which account then began the yeare 1<>»)7 ; hut after 
the accompt of England now ohserued, y yeerc beginneth not till the 
25 of March following. 

"And now because those booses may not be ^remembered, Yiito 
whom King W. disposed v p land- and posses.-i"n- of this realme for 


26 The Roll of Battle Abbey. [Jan. 

their good seruice, I have thought good to publish y e names of them as 
heretofore I haue done, out of the chronicles of Normandy, gathered 
by William Taylour* of Rhoane." 

Before producing the Roll, it may be important to produce what is 
known relative to its preservation, and the place where it was pre- 
served. According to our author, whom all, or nearly all, I believe, 
implicitly follow, the battle of Hastings was fought in Sussex, on the 
14th of October, being Saturday, in the year 1066. The scene of 
that terrible conflict, (in w^ich " there was slaine of Englishmen 
67,974, saith I. de Tailor in his history of Normandy, or 47,944, after 
other ; and of the Normans 6,013, besides such as were drowned,")f 
is 56 miles from London. It bears the name of Battel J or Battle, to 
this day, and is a parish and marke^town in the hundred of Battle, 
rape § of Hastings. And though the memorable conflict, which con- 
ferred the name of "Battel" on this spot, is usually known in history 
as the Battle of Hastings, the battle was fought nine miles from the 
latter place. Near the town, is Beacon Hill, (or, as some call it, 
Standard Hill,) where the flag of the Conqueror was first planted, after 
his great victory. 

The next year after the battle of Hastings, the Conqueror began to 
build a vast abbey on that part of the battle-field where the conflict had 
been the most bloody and severe ; " causing the high altar to be raised 
on the spot where the body of the opposing king, Harold, was found." 
The abbey he dedicated to St. Martin, and endowed it with extraordi- 
nary privileges, nay, almost regal. The existing ruins bear ample tes- 
timony of its ancient magnificence, being about a mile in circumference. 
After the dissolution of abbeys, its manor came into the possession of 
Sir Anthony Browne. It is at this time in the archdeaconry of Lewes, 
and diocese of Chichester, and under the patronage of Sir Godfrey 
Webster, Bart., whose ancestor, Sir Thomas Webster, having pur- 
chased it from the Montagues, || and made it his residence.^" 

The Roll is supposed by some to have remained in the abbey until 
the dissolution of abbeys by Henry. VIII. ; while we are much more 
inclined to think it was a Roll. But that any Roll at all was pre- 
served, even purporting to be original, till 1793, when Cowdray House 
was burnt, with its contents, as suggested by Mr. Lower, is not exactly 
within the .range of our antiquarian notions of probabilities. One of 

* In our old Black-letter copy of Stow, we first read Tayleur, but afterwards thought 
the e to be an o, and so we let it stand : but Verstegan wrote Tayleur, and so does Stow, 
in another place. 

t Stow, Chronicle, edition of 1631, Fol. 

X Its name before the Conquest was Epiton. 

§ Certain divisions of the county of Sussex, being six in number. It answers to a 
Wapentake in Kent. — Old Dictionary. 

|| ki Anthony Viscount Montague built himself a beautiful house here about the year 
1600^ and established or removed the market day to Thursday, as it now continues." 
[1730.]— Magna Britannia, v. 498. 

If " About the Abbey there soon grew up a town of the same name, consisting of 115 
houses, to which more have been added since. In the town, 'tis said, there is a place, 
which, after a shower, seems to have a dye of red like blood, which is probable ; there 
being a loomy soil in many places, which, having a mixture of oker, will appear of a 
blood-like colour ; but William of Newburge says, 't is real fresh blood, which cries to God 
for vengeance." — Magna Britannia, 16. See also Gibson's Camden in Sussex. 

1848.] The Roll of Battle Abbey. 27 

Stow's catalogues, he says, " he took out of a table sometime in Bat- 
taile Abbey ; " but where he found it or left it, he does not tell us. It 
may have been that used by Leland, and by him said to be the original. 
Stow and Leland were cotemporary, and, if the original existed, we 
doubt not Stow saw and used it. 

As Dr. Thomas Fuller seems to have been at more pains, and to 
have made a larger collection of Battle Abbey names than any other 
writer, ancient or modern ; and as he seems not only to have been 
more thorough in that matter, as well in collecting what was to be 
found in his day, but in his criticisms he has shown that little or noth- 
ing new can be advanced, that is new, we shall, in the next place, 
introduce him. And in regard to Fuller, as much may be said in rela- 
tion to our subject, as he has so aptly said of one of his authorities, 
namely, that " clean through this work, I have with implicite faith fol- 
lowed him, setting my watch by his dial, knowing his dial to be set by 
the sun." He says,* in his dedication of his account of the Boll to 
Sir Simon Archer : 

" Some report that the toad, before her death, sucks up {if not prevented 
with suddain surprisall) the precious stone (as yet but a jelly) in her head, 
grudging Mankind the good thereof Such generally the envy of Anti- 
quaries, preferring that their rarities should die with them, arid be buried 
in their graves, rather than others receive any benefit thereby. You cross 
the current of common corruption ; it being questionable ivhether you be 
more skilfull in knowing, careful in keeping, or courteous in communi- 
cating your curious collections in that kind. Justly therefore have I dedi- 
cated these severall copies^ of Battel -Abbey Roll unto you ; first, because 
I have received one of the most authentic of them from your own hand: 
secondly, because your ancient name chargeth through and througli most 
of these catalogues. Yea, as the Archers came over with the Conqueror, 
so the Conqueror may be said to come over with the Archers, (therefore 
placed in a list by themselves^) because their valour atchieved the greatest 
part of his victory. 

" Waving what may be said of the beginning of Names, we shall digest 
what we conceive necessary for our present purpose, into the following 
propositions : 

"The first is, surnames were fixed in families in England, at or about 
the conquest. I say, fixed. Formerly, though men had surnames, vet 
their sons did not, as I m9.j,JbUau> suit with their fathers; the name de- 
scended not hereditarily on the family. At or about. Fourty years under 
or over will break no squares. I: began Bomewhat sooner, in the Confes- 
sours time, [1041 — 1068] fetch'd out of France, hot not universally 
settled till some hundred years after. When men therefore tell us how 
their surnames have* been fastened on their families, some centuries of 
yean before the conquest, tee hear them say so, Bia chronology was no 
better than his heraoldry, who boasted that his ancestours hud given the 
three gun holes [port-holes] (which indeed wen- the thtee annulets) for 
their armes these thousand years, when gnns themselves have no1 been 

ant three hundred yean in Europe. The same goloecisme in effect Is 

The Church-History of Britain," original (1645] tditio* I- I.] M 

Hi- work contains eight coj' 

28 The Roll of Battle Abbey. [Jan. 

committed by such, who pretend to the antiquity of surnames, before the 
same were settled in rerum natura. 

" The second ; kings had fixed surnames later than common people. 
Our four first Norman kings had no surnames, Henry the second being the 
first of the Plantagenists. Wonder not that a gentle fashion should come 
later into the court, then into the country, and last to the crown itself. 
For names being made to distinguish men, they were more necessary for 
common people, whose obscurities would be lost in a multitude, were they 
not found out by the signe of their surnames, having no other eminency 
whereby they might be differenced. But princes (being comparatively 
few in respect of private persons) are sufficiently discovered by their own 
lustre, and sovereignty may be said to be a surname to itself; and there- 
fore kings, not of necessity, but mere pleasure, have accepted additions to 
their Christian names. 

"The third; many who came over out of Normandy, were noble in their 
native country. Especially such who are stiled from their places, as le 
Sire de Soteville, le Sire de Margneville, le Sire de Tancarville, &c, 
whereby we understand them Lords and owners of such mannours, towns, 
and castles from whence they took their denomination. However, this 
particle de such a place (when without le Sire going before it), doth not 
always give livery and seisin, and presently put the person so named into 
possession of the place; sometimes barely importing that he was born there 
and no owner thereof. 

" The fourth; all that came over with the Conquerour, were not Gentle- 
men until they came over with the Conquerour. For, instantly upon their 
victory, their flesh was refined; bloud clarified, spirits elevated to an higher 
purity and perfection. Many a peasant in Normandy commenced monsieur 
by coming over into England, where they quickly got goods to their gentry, 
lands to their goods, and those of the most honorable tenure in capite itself. 
"What Richard III. said, no less spitefully than falsely, of the Woodviles, 
(brethren to the wife of his brother King Edward IV., by whom they 
were advanced,) that many were made noble who formerly were not icorth 
a noble, was most true of some of the Norman souldiery, suddenly starting 
up honorable from mean originals. These cruelly insulted over the Saxon 
ancient gentry, whom they found in England. Thus, on the new casting 
of a die, when ace is on the top, sise must needs be at the bottom. 

" The fifth ; besides native Normans, many of the neighbouring coun- 
tries ingaged in England's invasion. As Flemings, which Baldwin, earle 
of Flanders, and father-in-law unto the Conquerour, sent to aid him : 
Walloons, with many from Picardy, Britain, Anjou, and the very heart of 
France. Thus, when a fair of honour and profit is proclaimed, chapmen 
will flock from all parts unto it. Some will wonder, that any would be 
such wilful! losers, as to exchange France for England, & garden for afield. 
Was not this degrading of their soules in point of pleasure, going back- 
ward from wine to ale, from reheat to oates, then the generall bread-corn of 
England ? Besides, coming northward they left the sun on their backs ; 
the sun who is a comfortable vsher to go before, but bad train-bearer to 
come behind one. But let such know, that England in it self is an excel- 
lent country (too good for the unthankfull people w r hich live therein), and 
such forreiners, who seemingly slight, secretly love, and like the plenty and 
profit thereof. But, grant England far short of France in goodnesse, yet 
such adventurers hoped to atchieve to themselves a better condition in a 
worse country. Many a younger brother came over hither in hope here to 
find an elder brother-ship, and accordingly procured an inheritance to him, 

1848.] The Roll of Battle Abbey. 29 

and his posterity. As for the great French nobility, store was no sore 
unto them ; such pluralists retained still their old patrimonies in France, 
with the additions of their new possessions in England. 

" The sixth ; names coming over with the conquest, beginning with W, 
were not out of France, but the vicinage thereof. As the Britans disclaim 
X, the Latins Y; (save when the badge of a Greek word Latinized :) so 
the French disown W. When we find it therefore the initiall of a name 
(whereof many occur in the ensuing catalogue), it argueth the same Wal- 
loon, or Almain. Yea, I am credibly informed, that some of the English 
here, wearied with Harold's usurpation, fled over into Normandy to fetch 
in the Conquerour ; so that when king William entered, they returned into 
England. And this particularly hath been avouched of the noble family 
of the Wakes, who were here before the conquest, yet found among the 
Norman invaders. 

"The seventh; Battel- Abbey Roll is the best extant catalogue of Norman 
gentry, if a true copy thereof could be procured. 

1. Battel- Abbey Roll. Because hung up in that Abbey, as fixt to the 
freehold thereof, where the names of such as came over with the 
conquest were recorded. 

2. Best extant. Otherwise industry, with honesty, leisure, and liberty 
to peruse Dooms-day-book, might collect one more perfect, out of 
impartiall records, which neither fear nor flatter. Such a catalogue 
were to be believed on its ivord, before Battel Roll on its oath. 

3. Yet that Abbey Roll deserved credit, if a true copy might be pro- 
cured. One asked, * Which was the best St. Augustine ? ' to whom 
this answer was given, (generally true of all ancient authors,) ' Even 
that Augustine which is least corrected.' For corrections commonly 
are corruptive, as following the fancy and humour of the correctour. 

" Battl- Abbey Roll hath been practiced upon with all the figures of 
Diction, prothesis, apfueresis, &c. ; some names therein being augmented, 
subtracted, extended, contracted, lengthened, curtailed. The same scruple, 
therefore, which troubleth sophisters, ' whether Jason's weatherbeaten ship, 
so often clouted and patched with new boards, were the same numerically 
with the first,' may be propounded to Battel-Abbey Roll. Whether that 
extant with us, after so many alterations, be individually the same with the 
original? See what a deadly gash our great antiquary* gives to the credit 
thereof. ' Whosoever considereth it well, shall find it to be forged, and 
those names to be inserted, which the time in every age favoured, and 
were never mentioned in that authenticall record.' 

" Objection. If such be the depraving of Battl-Abbey Roll, then no 
credit at all is due unto it. Let it be pilloried for a mere cheat, and be 
suffered no longer to go about to deceive the honest reader thereof Seeing 
we cannot hear the tone of names therein, monks have so set them to the 
tune of their present benefactours, and minions of the age they lived in. 

"Answered. Though there be much adulteration therein, vet I conceive 
the main bulk and body thereof uncorrupted. As they therefore over 
value thfc Roll, who make it the tiranimer of the French gentry, the 
Heraulds Institutes, and of canonieall credit amongst them ; so, racfa too 
much decry the same, who deny all trust thereunto. Yea, we may confi- 
dently relie on this Roll, where we find a concurrence of ancient English 

* Camden in Ml Remains, 152, edition, 4to., London. 1037. B B«I gW«l :mti<|ii ui< -; 
-ometimes suhject to tit- <»f HilleiinefM, and will not -«•<.• irb»l Kb) \ when re- 

solved to take no notice thereof." — Fuller, B. i. 169. 

30 The Roll of Battle Abbey. [Jan. 

historians therewith; and this will appear in the generality of names which 
that Roll presenteth unto us. 

" We find in our English chroniclers two printed copies, (a manuscript 
thereof worth mentioning, I have not met with,) of Battel- Abbey Roll, 
wherein such various lections, they agree neither in number, order, nor 
spelling of the names ; which though generally digested in an alphabetical 
way, are neither of them exactly ordered according to the same." 

In respect to the antiquity and credibility of this famous document, 
as before observed, all has been said by Fuller, or nearly all, that can 
throw light upon it. As to the original, no one that has credibly 
w T ritten since, presumes to affirm having ever seen it. It is quite 
probable that a copy (not to say successive copies) has passed for the 
original, age after age. And, perhaps, even the original may have 
been destroyed to prevent a detection of the interpolations perpetrated 
by those entrusted with it. But after all that has or can be said, a 
fictitious importance has been attached to this Roll ; we say fictitious, 
because we doubt not a much better, or at least as good a list of the 
followers of Duke William may be made from that indisputably authen- 
tic record, Dooms-Day-Book, as even the original Battle-Roll ever con- 
tained ; and it is very surprising, that to this day, there should have 
arisen no English antiquary who would undertake to edit such a list of 
names as might be gathered therefrom. In mentioning Dooms-Day- 
Book, it will be recollected what Fuller says of it; namely, " that it will 
be believed on its word, before Battel-Roll on its oath ; " it will also be 
remembered, that Fuller wrote near 200 years ago, that Dooms-Day- 
Book was then in manuscript, and difficult of access to but few, and 
that, of that few, few indeed could have opportunity to learn its chirog- 
raphy or study its obsolete characters and abbreviations. This was the 
situation of it till near 150 years after the time of Fuller.* While it 
lay in manuscript, there was some excuse why it should not be dealt 
with agreeably to our author's recommendation ; but that excuse has 
ceased to be valid almost fifty years — the work having been printed 
and deposited in numerous public libraries all over Europe and America, f 

Although Fuller had not seen any " manuscript of Battel-Roll worth 
mentioning," that was not the case with Fox and Stow. They both 
saw very ancient manuscripts. The former says, he took one of his 
lists " out of the annals of Normandie in French, whereof one verie 
ancient written booke in parchment remaineth in the custodie of the 
writer hereof." Fox mentions no date of his manuscript, and it prob- 
ably contained none. He wrote in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and 
I use his old Black-Letter Martyrology, printed about 250 years ago. 
And concerning Stow's manuscript, he himself says, at the head of one 
of his lists, " Here followeth the sirnames of the chiefe Noblemen, and 
Gentlemen, which came into England with William the Conqueror, ac- 

* About a hundred years after Fuller, Bailey says " it is still preserv'd in the exchequer, 
and is fair and legible, and consists of two volumes, a greater or less." — Diet. Britannicum. 

I We are aware that Dr. Brad J (Introduction to Old English History) has given an 
abstract of Dooms-Pay-Book, in his controversy with Petyt, &c., and perhaps he has 
given all the names therein contained, but we have not the leisure to enter into a com- 

1848.] The Roll of Battle Abbey. 31 

cording as I found them set downe in a very anncient Role, which Role 
I received of Maister Thomas Scrivex, Esquire, in whose hands it 
remained at the publication of this Booke.' , 

Of " Maister Thomas Scriven," Stow tells us nothing, but Fuller 
speaks of him, owing to his being mentioned by Stow, and says, " I 
confesse, quant us author, tanta fides; and the gentleman long since 
dead, being generally unknown, some will question the authority 
thereof. But know he was a good P romus-condus of ancient records ; 
Jus in keeping them faithfully himself, and promus, in imparting 
them freely to others." But as we have not space at present for but a 
single copy of Battle- Abbey Roll, it is unnecessary to go into any de- 
fence or accoimt of the eight copies in our possession, separately ; and 
as we have left it to M Famous Fuller " to say which Roll is the best, 
we shall for the present abide by his judgment, which is pronounced in 
these words : 

At the end of his sixth Roll, he says : " To these six catalogues, let 
me adde one more ; not that I am an affector of a septenarie number, 
but because confident it is the best and most authentick of all the rest. 
I find it in M r * Fox, but surely collected by some (more skilfull than 
himself in this kind) out of severall ancient chronicles. It containeth 
such persons, who after the Battel were advanced to seignories in 
this land. It presenteth us onely with the initial letters of their chris- 
tian names, save for the first seven therein. And although hereby we 
are left at an uncertainty, as whether G. signifieth George or Gilbert, 
I. James or John, yet more than a conjecture may be made by ob- 
serving what christian name was predominant in their posterity." 

Having pronounced this judgment, and produced all his eight cata- 
logues, Fuller continues, " I could wisli a good herauld would make a 
monoogdoon, that is, one out of eight, and alphabetically digest the 
same ; also note what names are extant, and which, how, and when 

The Roll of Fox. which we now propose to give, is thus introduced 
by the venerable antiquary : 

"The daie after th" battel! verie earlie in the morning, Olo bishop of 
Baieux soong maase for those that wrere departed. The duke after that 
deoroai to know tin; e<tat<* of his huttell, and what people he had therein 
loal and w<-re -lain*-, be Caused to come vnto him a clerke thai had written 

their names when they srere imbarked at S. Valeries, and commanded 

him to call them all by their names, who called them that had bene- at the 

Lattell, and bad passed the mm with duke William." 

*Odo, bishop of Baieulx. Baodwin de Boillon, 

Robert, conte dt- Mortaign. These Roger, conte de Beaumont, surnamed 
two wen- brethren vnto duke Wil- with the beard, of whom descended 

liarn by their mother. the lire- of Meullent. 

* In cxtra'-tin^ or copying tlii- li-t from Fox, Fuller hai reduced it ?<> th" orthography 
of his tiin ■ bare followed I*<»\ literally. Tbtu Fuller renden BainJx, Baycux; 

Bullion, Baillo Sq doubt Fuller 1 ! transcript would !»<• batter understood ' 

Dted in rarying from oar old authors, ! much 

maj hai e raried from ws. 


The Roll of Battle Abbey. 


Guillaume Malet,* 

Le sire t de Monfort, sur Rille, 

Guill. de Viexpont, 

Neel de S. Saueur le Viconte,* 

Le Sire de Fougiers, 

Henrie Seigneur de Ferieres, 

Le Sire Daubemare, 

Guillaume Sire de Roraare, 

Le Sire de Lithehare, 

Le Sire de Touque,§ 

Le Sire de la Mare, 

Le Sire de Neauhou, 

Le Sire de Pirou, 

Rob. Sire de Beaufou, 

Le Sire Danou,|| 

Le Sire de Sotouille, 

Le Sire de Margneuille, 

Le Sire de Tancaruille, 

Eustace Darableuille, 

Le Sire de Mangneuille, 

Le Sire de Gratmesnil,^[ 

Guillaume Crespin, 

Le Sire de S. Martin, 

Guill. de Moulins, 

Le Sire de Puis, 

Geoffreie sire de Maienne, 

Auffroy de Bohon, 

Auffroy & Maugier de Cartrait, 

Guill. de Garennes, 

Hue de Gournay, Sire de Bray,** 

Le conte Hue de Gournay, 

Euguemont de l'aigle,tt 

Le viconte de Touars, 

Rich. Danuerrenchin.Jt 

Le Sire de Biars,§§ 

Le Sire de Solligny, 

Le Bouteiller Daubigny, 

Le Sire de Maire, 

Le sire de Vitty, 

Le sire de Lacy, 

Le sire du val Dary, 

Le Sire de Tracy, 

Hue sire de Montfort,|||| 

Le sire de Piquegny, 

Hamon de Kaieu, 

Le sire Despinay, 

Le sire de Port, 

Le sire de Torcy, 

Le sire de Iort, 

Le sire de Riuiers, 

Guillaume Moyonne 

Raoul Tesson de Tingueleiz 

Roger Marmion, 

Raoul de Guel, 

Auenel des Byars, 

Paennel du Monstier Hubert, 

Rob. Bertramle Tort, 

Le sire de Seulle, 

Le sire de Doriual, 

Le sire de Breual, 

" * Guillame, whom they call Mallet, also threw himself boldly into the fray, and with his 
glittering sword created great alarm among the English. But they pierced his shield and 
killed his horse under him, and he would haue been slain himself, had not the Sire, de 
Montfort and Dane, William de Vez-pont, come up with their strong force and bravely 
rescued him, though with the loss of many of their people, and mounted him on a fresh 
horse. — Wace's Chronicle, 207. 

t In Holinshed's copy sire is rendered seigniour throughout. Either answers to lord. 

J Much doubt is throwH about this name, by the various commentators, both as to the 
identity of the individual, and his being in the expedition. See Wace's Chron. 207, n. 

§ In Stow's copy Tonque, but evidently a misspelling, u being taken for n. In another 
list Stow has it Toe, in a third, Tuchet. Leland has Tuk. Holinshed is Touke. Descend- 
ants of this patriarch are traced down to the present day in an unbroken descent. They 
are found on this side of the Atlantic, in considerable numbers. In Vol. I., 247, is some 
notice of a few of them. The name has had the misfortune of being spelt all manner of 
wavs, and is yet unsettled. Seventeen variations are counted in one county in England. 
Toke, Tooke, Towhe, Took, Take, Touk, Toka, Tolka, Touc, Touke, Turke, Tuck. 

Le Sire dc Touke, says Wace, in connection with several others, was in the battle ; " and 
there was not one of them that did not render great aid." 

|| Perhaps, since, Deane, Dane, &c. 

if Grantmesnil. 

** Whether the Sire de Bray be the same with Hue de Gourney, authors are not agreed. 

tt Lc seig. de Laigle. — Holinshed. L'Aigle. — Fuller. Gugerran de l'Aigle. — Wace. 

\\ Donnemchin. — Stow. D'Avrencin of Wace, perhaps. 

\\ Beers, probably, afterwards. 

Illl Hugh dc Montfort was born at Montfort-sur-Rille, near Brionne. Four barons of 
this district having successively been called Hugh, it is difficult to determine which of them 
fought at Hastings. Le Provost thinks he was the second of the name, son of Hughes 
a-la-Barbe, and corrects an error in Collins' Peerage, where he is confounded with his 
father. It was the son who received one hundred lordships from the royal munificence, 
dispersed over different counties. — Duncan's Dukes of Normandy, 371. 


The Roll of Battle Abbey. 


Le sire de S. Ieban, 
Le sire de Bris, 
Le sire du Homme,* 
Le sire de Sauchhoy, 
Le sire de Cailly.f 
Le sire de Semilly, 
Le sire de Tilly, 
Le sire de Romelly, 
Mar. de Basqueuille,{ 
Le sire de Preaulx, 
Le sire de Gonis, 
Le sire de Sainceaulx, 
Le sire de Moulloy, 
Le sire de Monceaulx. 
( T/ie archers du vol du Reid, and of 
Bretheul, and ofmanie other places.) 
Le sire de S. Saen, i. de S. Sydonio, 
Le sire de la Riuiere,§ 
Le sire de Salnaruille, 
Le sire de Rony, 
Eude de Beaugieu, 
Le sire de Oblie, 
Le sire de Sacie, 
Le sire de Nassie, 
Le Visquaius de Chymes, 
Le sire du Sap, 
Le sire de Glos, 
Le sire de Mine, 
Le sire de Glanuille, 
Le sire de Breencon, 
Le Vidam de Partay, 

Raoul de Morimont, 

Pierre de Bailleul, sire de Fiscamp, 

Le sire de Beausault, 

Le sire de Tillieres, 

Le sire de Pacy, 

Le seneschal de Torcy, 

Le sire de Gacy, 

Le sire Doully, 

Le sire de Sacy, 

Le sire de Vacy, 

Le sire de Tourneeur,|| 

Le sire de Praeres, 

Guillaume de Coulombieres, 

Hue sire de Bollebec, 

Rich, sire Dorbeck, 

Le sire de Bonneboz, 

Le sire de Tresgoz, 

Le sire de Montfiquet, 

Hue le Bigot f de Maletot, 

Le sire de la Hay, 

Le sire de Mombray, 

Le sire de Say, 

Le Sire de la Ferte 



Guillaume Patric de la Laund, 

Hue de Mortemer, 

Le sire Danuillers, 

Le sire Donnebaut, 

Le Sire de S. Cler, [leans.ft 

Rob. le filz ** Herneys due de Or- 

* Many French names have doubled in number, from the circumstance of their being 
known in one place in a translation, and in another in the original. 

t Kelly or Kelley ; a name perhaps in quite as many spellings as one just alluded to. 

\ Baskerville, sometimes Baskerfield. Ancestor of an existing family, distinguished in 
its whole line of descent General Sir Thomas Baskerville was sent against Panama in 
South America, in 1595, but the expedition miscarried. 

§ Le Sire de la Rimer in Stow, who is probably correct. Names with k or w in them 
" are not to be thought to haue beene Normans, but of those gentlemen of Flanders which 
Baldwin the earl of that country, and father-in-law unto the Conquerour did send to ayde 
him." — Verstegan, 305. London Edition, 4to. 1634 . 

| Toumenr in Stow and Holinshed, and Turner, with its variations, in later times. 

H A name verv much abused and sinned against, and "learned Camden" is found chief 
of the sinners. His story of the origin of the name (Remains, 123) is absolutely silly ; if 
it originated as he says, there would probably have been no other name among the whole 
>f Norman-;. lie says, "(For so the Frenchmen called the Normans, becau^ at 
eucry other word they would swear BvGod:)" In Stow it stands Hue le Vipot. alias 
Bigot; in Scriven, BOgod ; in Doom^Dny. Bigot • 12 of John, Pirot,Scc.] all which had 
doubtless the mom origin, and so forth, down to him of 1775 at Bunker Hill; a name 
Camden himself tin<ls no difficulty in translating speckled, 140 years before it was imported 
I upland. 

** I saving fdz or filz superadded to their names are supposed by Vcrstegan to 

have been N" ? lierlan'i«Ts : -; very many of their sirnames end in son, as Johnson, William- 
son, Pbllipton, lod the like, and loch oAcen among the Normans tl registered the names 
of tho-e that were in that service, could not make other of nidi linUUnef, writiiiL' them in 
Freneh. than Flit John. F>tz William. Vi'z Philip, and the like, whieh if their orthography 
had been i:<«»\ -lionld hane beene Fdz and not Fitz." 

I; rt Fit/. Erneifl fixed his lance, took hifl shield, and galloping towards the standard 


The Roll of Battle Abbey. 


Le sire de Harecourt, 

Le sire de Creuecceur, 

Le sire de Deincourt, 

Le sire de Brimetot, 

Le sire de Combray, 

Le sire Daunay, 

Le sire de Fontenay, 

Le conte Deureux, 

Le sire de Rebelchil, 

Alain Fergant conte de Britaigne, 

Le sire de S. Vallery, 

Le conte Deu, 

Gaultier Giffard cote de Longeuille, 

Le Sire Destouteuille, 

Le conte Thomas Daubmalle, 

Guill. conte de Hoy rues and Darques, 

Le sire de Bereuille, 

Le sire de Breante, 

Le sire de Freanuille, 

Le sire de Pauilly, 

Le Sire de Clere, 

Toustan du Bee, 

Le sire de Maugny, 

Roger de Montgomery, 

Amauri de Touars. 

" Ouer and besides the great number of knights and esquires that were 
vnder them. In the same battell betweene the said William the bastard, 
duke of Normandie on the one part, and king Harold on the other part, 
there were slaine on King Harold's side of Englishmen, 66654. And on 
duke William's side there were slaine 6013 men, as it is to be found in the 
chronicles of S. Peter of Westminster, besides those that were drowned in 
the riuer of Thames. 

11 When as the aboue named and manie other great lords were so called, 
some of them appeared, other some did not, for some of them were slaine 
there in the field, others so wounded, that they could not come foorth to 
show themselves. Then gave the duke commandement, that the dead 
should be buried ; and those that were sick comforted and eased the best 
that might be, &c. 

"Out of the ancient chronicles of England, touching the names of other 
Normans, which seemed to remaine aliue after the battell, and to be 
aduanced in the seigniories of this land. 

Iohn de Maunde- B. de Kneuuile, W. Bailbeof, 
uile, Hugo de Moruile, S. de Baleyn, 

Adam Vndeuile, R. de Coleuile, H. de Marreys, 

Barnard de Fre- A. de Waruile, 
uile, C. de Karuile, 

Rich de Rochuile, R. de Roteuile, 

Gil. de Frankuile, S. de Stoteuile, 

I. Aguleyne, 
Q. Agilon, 

C. Cappan, 
W. de Camuile, 
I. de Cameyes, 
R de Rotes, 
R. de Boys, 

Hugo de Douile, H. Bonura, 
Symond de Rote- I. Monum, 

uile, X. de Vispount, 

R. de Euile, W. de Vignoum, 

R. Chamburlayne, W. de Warren,* 
N. de Vendres, T. de Wardboys, 

"H. de Verdon, 
H. de Verto, 
C. de Vernon, 
H. Hardul, 

R. de Boys, 
W. de Audeley, 
K. Dynham, 
R. de Vaures, 

with his keen-edged sword, struck an Englishman who was in front, killing him, and then 
drawing back his sword, attacked many others, and pushed straight for the standard, trying 
to beat it down ; but the English surrounded it, and killed him with their bills. He was 
found on the spot, when they afterwards sought for him, dead, and lying at the standard's 
foot.— Wace, 241. 

* Upon Warenne in Leland's copy, Mr. Lower makes this note. " Some families 
bearing this name are unquestionably of English origin ; from the first persons bearing 
the name having resided near a rabbi t-warren." But why any more from a rabbit-warren 
than any other kind of a warren ? 

" William de Warenne, the first of that name, related to Duke William on the side of 
his mother, who was niece to the Duchess Gounor, took his name from the fief of Varenne 
or Warenne, in the district of Saint- Aubin-le-Cauf. He received from the Conqueror 298 
manors, and in 1073 he was adjoined to Richard de Bienfaite, as grand justiciary of 


The Roll of Battle Abbey. 


G. Varjrentevn, 
I. de Hastings, 
G. de Hastank, 
L. de Burgee, 
R. de Butuileyn, 

I. de Geneuyle, 
H. Gyffard, 
I. de Say, 
T. Gilbard,} 
R. de Chalons, 

H. de Malebranch, S. de Chauward, 
S. de Malemain, H. Feret, 

G. de Hauteuile, 
H. Hauteyn, 
R. de Morteyn,* 
R. de Mortimer, 
G. de Kanouile, 
E. de Columb, 
W. Paynel, 
C. Panner, 
H. Pontrel, 
I. de Riuers, 
T. Reuile, 

Hugo Pepard, 

I. de Harecourt, 

II. de Haunsard, 
I. de Lamare, 

P. de Mautreuers, 
G. de Ferron, 
R, de Ferrers, 
I. de Desty, 
W. de Werders, 
H. de Borneuile, 
I. de Saintenys, Beaachamp, S de Sender, § 
R. de Beau pale, R. de Gorges, 

E. de Ou, E. de Gemere, 

F. Louely W. de Feus, 
S. de Troys, S. de Filberd, 

I. de Artel, II. de Turberuile, 

lohn de Monte- R. Troblenuer, 

brugge, A. de Angon, 

H.deMounteserel, T. de Morer, 

W. Trussebut, 
W. Trussel, 

II. Byset, 
R. Basset, 
R. Molet, 
H. Maloaile, 
G. Bonet, 
I*. <h- Bonuile, 
S. <h- Kouile, 
N. de Nbrbeck, 
I. de ( lornenx, 
R de Corbet, 

T. de Rotelet, 
II. <le Spencer, 
R. de Saintpuen- 

T. de Saint Mar- 
G. de Custan, 
Saint Constantin, 
Saint Leger and 

saint Med, 
M. de Cronu and 
de S. Viger, 

W. de Moantague, S. d • Crayel, 
S de Mountfycbet, R de Crenker, 

N. Meyuel, 
I. de Berners, 
S. de Chumly, 
E. de Chareres, 

I. de Grey, 

W. de Grangers, 
S. de Grangers, 
S. Baubenyn, 

II. Yamgers, 
E. Bertram, 
R. Bygot, 

S. Treoly, 

I. Trigos, 

G. de Feues, 
H. Filiot, 
R. Taperyn, 
S. Talbot, 

II. Santsauer, 
T. de Samford, 
G. de Vandien, 
C. de Vautort, 

G. de Mountague, 
Tho. de Chamber- 

S. de Montfort, 
R. de Ferneuaulx, 
W. de Valence, 
T. Clarel, 
S. de Cleruaus, 
P. de Aubemarle, 
II. de saint Ar- 

E. de Auganuteys, 
S. de Gant, 
G. de Malearbe, 
II. Mandut, 
W, de Chesun, 
L. de Chandut, 
R. Filzvrs.ll 
I), vicont de Low, 
( i. de Cantcmere, 

T. de Cantlow, 
R. Breaunce, 
T. de Broxeboof, 
S. de Bolebec, 
B. Mol de Boef.T 
I. de Muelis, 
R. de Brus, 
S. de Brewes, 
I. de Lille, 
T. de Bellile, 

I. de Wateruile, 
G. de Neuile, 

R. de Neuburgh, 
H. de Burgoyne, 
G. de Bourgh, 
S de Lymoges, 
L. de Lyben, 
W. de Helyoun, 

II. de Hildrebron, 
R. de Loges, 

S. de Seintlovv, 
I. de Maubank. 
P. de Saint Ma- 
R. de Leoferne, 

I. de Louotot, 
G. de Dabbeuile, 

II. de Appetot, 
W. de Percy, 
H. de Lacy, 
G. de Quincy, 
E. Tracy, 

R. de la Souclie, 
V. de Somery, 
I. de Saint John, 
T. de Saint Gory, 
P. de Boyly. Saint Valery, 
P. de Pinkeny, 
S. (]<■ Pauely, 
( ;. de Monthaut, 

England. Created Earl of Surrey by William TJufus in 10«9. died sI«ort1v afterwards and 

boned in the abbey of Lewes in which he had founded, &C. — Duncan- - 

of Nnrnwnih/. 

Horton f 
I Iy,r,n. JjtneuxUj &c. 
J Gilbert. 
9 ffntfer, St. Clair, fee, 

id porhapi other variations. The Initial 

work, is an error. 

*" Perhaps the ^mc as the Front de I>"rf of Holinshed 

Ancient Lhi "published by Andre 4 Duchesne, from a Charter in Battle 
Its authority, "Jlpud Script, rer. Normann* p, 1023." <>n comparing 
it wit!) that of Holinshi innol doubt their '" iginal identity, although thej now differ. 

) name in I > pond to Front ' 

V>. instead of R. in Mr« Lower'i 
There is in Thierry's Norman 

36 The Roll of Battle Abbey, [Jan. 

T. de Mountehesy, V. de Cresty, R. de Courtenay, I. Pouchardon, 

R. de Lymozy, F. de Courcy,* P. de Gourney, R. de la Poraercy, 

G. de Lucy, T. de Lamar, R. de Cony,f I. de Pountz, 

I. de Artois, H. de Lymastz, I. de la Huse, R. de Pontlarge, 

N. de Arty, I. de Moubray, R. de la Huse, R. Estraunge, 

P. de Grenuile, G. de Morley, V. de Longeuile, Tho. Sauage.} 

I. de Greys, S. de Gorney, P. Longespy, 

Here end the labors of " Graue and Godly Fox," in this matter. As 
before mentioned, we cannot give the various lists from various authors, 
but hope that some person who may find leisure will compare the whole, 
and produce one from them all, which shall contain the whole, duly 
edited, with notes and commentaries. That the thing is practicable 
there can be no question, although one of our respected cotemporaries § 
is of a different opinion. 

So much attention has been paid to Norman archaeology in our time, 
that at present, if one would take the trouble to collect the various 
works upon the subject, there is enough brought to light to make a very 
satisfactory list of the prominent followers of the Conqueror. It is 
difficult to make the proper collection in this country, as it would require 
much time and great expense ; while, in England, the task would not 
be difficult to perform. Indications of the sources for such an under- 
taking may be seen in the able work of Thierry, new edition, trans- 
lated by Hazlitt. 

We cannot take leave of our present subject without producing 
another extract from Fuller. Having placed Holinshed and Stow's 
alphabetical lists side by side, (the former containing 629 names, and 
the latter but 407,) he remarks : " Besides this Roll of Battel Abbey, 
there is another || extant, not as this, alphabetically modelled, (the 
work of some Monk well at leisure,) but loose, without any literal 
order. An argument, in my opinion, of the more native purity thereof, 
(lesse soiled with partiall fingers,) as not so much tampered with by art 
and industry. It is reputed by many to be the muster-roll of such 
principal souldiers as embarqued with Duke William at St. Valeries ; 
and it is said that after the fight ended, this list was called over, and 
all persons solemnly summoned, to answer to their names therein ; 
though many made no vous-avez, as either sick of their wounds, or slain 
outright amongst the six thousand and odd, winch lost their lives on the 
place. Were we assured hereof, we would preferre this before the 
former Roll, believing a French muster-master, rather then any English 
Monk, (though the abbot of Battel himself,) as not so subject to the 
suspicion of flattery herein. This catalogue is taken out of Guillaim 

* Claimed as ancestor of the Churchills, "who, (according to Lediard,) were of the 
best blood of France, and renowned long before the Norman Conquest." John, son of 
Sir Winston Churchill, was one of the ablest generals England ever had, and attained its 
greatest honors, as duke of Marlboro', Prince of the Empire, &c. &c. The late Earl Spencer 
was descended from the Duke in the female line. 

t A name in New England at this day. 

X Very probably added long after the original Roll was made up. It is on the list of 
John of Brompton, however. 

§ Mr. Lower, in his essay on " English Surnames." 

|| That we have given above, from Fox. 

1843.] First Settlers of New Hampshire. 37 

Tayleur, a Norman chronicler of good credit. But the worst is, we 
want Tayleur' s French originall,* and I fear it hath passed through 
some botcher's hands before it came to us. For there be three editions 
thereof in our English historians,! which, like the feet of a badger, fall 
out of unequal length ; so different the number of names therein. J 


Perhaps we cannot do better than to preface the important docu- 
ments now for the first time printed, with some historical matters from 
the Rev. Mr. Hubbard's History of New England. We say the fol- 
lowing documents are " now for the first time printed," which is be- 
lieved to be the fact, although Mr. Adams has, in his " Annals of 
Portsmouth" given the names of the early planters sent out by Cap- 
tain Mason, but, as is seen, with several evident and important mis- 
takes, taking it for granted that our copy (which is a very old one) is 
correct. Whether Mr. Adams used originals or copies, we have no 
means of knowing. Dr. Belknap does not appear to have known of 
the existence of these papers, and Mr. Farmer, his excellent editor, 
knew them only from the Annals of Portsmouth. 

We have no certain knowledge of the exact time of the arrival of 
the people, a list of whose names we give, but there can be little doubt 
that many of them were among the first who commenced the settle- 
ments at the mouth of the Pascataqua. We will now hear what Mr. 
Hubbard says, in his quaint and pleasing style, upon the early begin- 
nings at Pascataqua : 

u Some merchants and other gentlemen in the West of England, be- 
longing to the cities of Exeter, Bristol, Shrewsbury, and towns of Ply- 
mouth, Dorchester, &c, incited no doubt by the fame of the plantation 
begun at New Plymouth in the year 1620, having obtained patents for 
several parts of the country of New England, from the grand council 
established at Plymouth, (into whose hands that whole country was com- 
mitted.) made some attempt of beginning a plantation in some place about 
Pascataqua river, about the year 1623. For being encouraged by the 
report of divers mariners that came to make fishing voyages upon that 
coast, as well as by the aforementioned occasion, they sent over that year 
one Mr. David Thompson, with Mr. Edward Hilton, and his brother, 
Mr. Wiffiam Hilton, who had been fishmongers in London, with some 
others, that came along with them, furnished with necessaries for carrying 

* But Stow, whose list he also gives, did not want Taylor's "originall," for he assures us 
that he had it. 

t Contained in Stow, Holinshed, and Fox, respectively. Fuller gives them all three in 
parallel columns. 

j There is not so much difference in the three Rolls as one might be led to suppose from 
Fuller's comparison. He sometimes stretcfies the truth in hi-; eagerness to L r < t off* conceit, 
though a highly creditable author, and one of the best writers of* his time. We know we 
shall be borne out in tail stneanient, notwithstanding he did, as Carlyle says, "in an evil 
hour" let his name SO to a l>ook which he did not wrtte. 

38 First Settlers of New Hampshire. [Jan. 

on a plantation there. Possibly others might be sent after them in the 
years following, 1624 and 1625 ; some of whom first in probability, seized 
on a place called the Little Harbour, on the west side of Pascataqua river, 
toward, or at the mouth thereof; the Hiltons in the mean while setting up 
their stages higher up the river, toward the northwest, at or about a place 
since called Dover. But at that place called the Little Harbour, it is sup- 
posed was the first house set up, that ever was built in those parts ; the 
chimney, and some part of the stone wall are standing at this day, and cer- 
tainly was it, which was called then, or soon after, Mason Hall, because to 
it was annexed three or four thousand acres of land, with intention to erect 
a manor, or lordship there, according to the custom of England ; for by 
consent of the rest of the undertakers, in some after division, that parcel 
of land fell to his share ; and it is mentioned as his propriety, in his last 
will and testament, by the name of Mason Hall. Sir Ferdinando Gorges 
and Capt. John Mason might have a principal hand in carrying on that 
design, but were not the sole proprietors therein; there being several other 
gentlemen that were concerned therein, and till after the year 1631, there 
seems to have been not many other buildings considerable erected in any 
other place about Pascataqua river, all which is evident by an indenture 
yet extant [1680?] in the hands of some gentlemen now living at Ports- 
mouth, a town seated down near the mouth of the said river." 

The " indenture " above referred to, bears date 3 Nov., 1631, from 
which it is evident that many persons had some time before settled at 
Pascataqua ; for in naming the property sold, " an house " is men- 
tioned, " wherein Capt. Neal and the colony with him do or lately did 
reside." Notwithstanding this statement, Mr. Adams has introduced 
his list of settlers under 1631, as though they all had arrived in that 
year, which gives a wrong impression. 

The contracting parties were " the President and Council of New 
England on the one part, and Sir Ferdinando Georges, Capt. John 
Mason, John Cotton, Henry Gardner, George Griffith, Edwin Guy, 
Thomas Wannerton, Thomas Eyre, and Eleazer Eyre, on the other 
part." Then follows, " as the forementioned have by their agents 
there, taken great pains, and spent much time in the discovery of the 
country, all which hath cost them, (as we are credibly informed,) 
£ 3000, and upwards, which hitherunto they are wholly out of purse 
for, upon hope of doing good for time to come, to the public, and for 
other sufficient causes," have sold, &c. 

We must draw a few sentences more from Mr. Hubbard, who, it 
will be remembered, was living and wrote while many of the first 
settlers were alive, and who evidently communicated with them upon 
their beginnings at Pascataqua. He writes, " and whereas there is 
mention in this indenture of Capt. Neal, and the colony with him, 
there residing in the said house, it must be understood, that the agents 
of Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. Mason, with the rest, had by 
their order built an house, and done something about saltworks, some- 
time before the year 1630 ; in w T hich year Capt. Neal, with three 
other gentlemen, came over to Pascataqua, in the bark Warwick. He 
was said to be sent as governor for Sir Ferdinando Gorges and the 


First Settlers of New Hampshire. 


rest; and to superintend their affairs there. Another occasion of their 
sending over, was said to be searching, or making a more full dis- 
covery of an imaginary province, supposed to be up higher into the 
country, called Laconia. But after three years spent in labor and 
travel for that end, or other fruitless endeavors, and expense of too 
much estate, they returned back to England with a non est inventa 
provincia. Nor is there anything memorable recorded as done by 
him, or his company, during the time of his three years stay, unless it 
were a contest between him and Capt. Wiggans, employed in like 
manner to begin a plantation higher up the river, for some of Shrews- 
bury, who being forbidden by him the said Neal, to come upon a point 
of land, that lieth in the midway betwixt Dover and Exeter, Capt. 
Wiggans intended to have defended his right by the sword ; but it 
seems both the litigants had so much wit in their anger, as to wave the 
battle, each accounting himself to have done very manfully in what 
was threatened ; so as in respect, not of what did, but what might 
have fallen out. The place to this day retains the formidable name of 
Bloody Point." The following are the documents : 

The Names of Stewards and Servants sent by John Mason, Esq., into 
this Province of New Hampshire. 

Walter Neal, Steward, 
Ambrose Gibbins, 

Thomas Comock, # 
William Raymond, 
Francis Williams, 
George Vaughan, 
Thomas Wonerton.t 

Hinry Jocelyn, St., 
Francis Norton, Stew- 
Sampson Lane, Stew- 
Reginald Furnald, { 

Ralph Gee,§ 
Henry Gee,§ 
William Cooper, 

William Chadborn, 
ffrancis Matthews, 
Humphrey Chadborn, 
William Chadborn, Jun n , 
ffrancis Rand, 
James Johnson, 
Ant. Ellins, 
Henry Baldwin, 
Thomas Spencer, 
Thomas Furral, 
Thomas Herd, 
Thomas Chatherton, 
John Crowther, 
John Williams, 
Roger Knight, 
Henry Sherburn,|| 
John Goddard, 
Thomas Furnold, 
Thomas Withers, 

Thomas Canney, 
John Symonds, 
John Peverly, 
William Seavy, 
Henry Langstaff, 
William Berry, 
Jeremy Wolford,1f 
James Wall, 
William Brookin,** 
Thomas Walfbrd, 
Thomas Moor, 
Joseph Beal, 
Hugh James, 
Alexander Jones, 
John Anlt, ft 
William Bracket, 
James Newt, 
Eight Danes, 
Twenty Two Women. 

* Carnocks in Adams. 

t Warnerton, ib. 

\ Renald Fernald, ib. 

§ This name is perfectly plain in our MS., but in Adams's Annals of Portsmouth, it is 
Goe. Which is right remains to be discovered. We feel quite sure of the present spelling. 

|| Sherborn, ib. 

^[ Jeremiah Walford, ib. 

** Also perfectly plain on our copy, but in Adams's Annals it is rendered Brakin. The 
name of John Brookin occurs in the early conveyances, in Suffolk Deeds, Boston, where 
he owned a house and land, 1672. One error causes many more. Farmer was misled by 

ft John Aidt, ib. 

40 First Settlers of New Hampshire. [Jan. 


At Pascataway. 
Arms and Ammunition. 

3 Sakers,* 3 Minions, f 2 ffaulcons, { 2 Rabenets,§ 4 Murthers, || 2 
Chambers, If 22 Harquebusses, ** 49 Musketts, 46 Fowling-peices, 67 
Carbins, 6 Pair of Pistols, 61 Swords and Belts, 15 Hallberds, 31 
Heed-peices, 82 Beaver Speers, 50 flasks, [blank] pair of Bandeleers, 
13 wt. Powder, [blank] Iron Bulletts, 2 ffirkins of Lead Bullets, 2 
Hogshd. Match, 955 lbs. of small Shot, 2 Drums, 15 Recorders ft ant ^ 
Hoy boys. 


50 Cloth Cassocks & breeches, 153 Canvas Cassocks and breeches, 40 
Shott Casses & Breeches, 80 Shirtt, 58 Hats, 40 doz. Course Hose, 130 
pair Shoes, 204 pair Stockins, 79 Monmouth Caps, 149 pair small Hose, 
27 lined Coats, 4 Rugs, 15 papous Coates, 23 Red cloth Wast Coats, 16 
Moose Coats, 9 ps. Red Bays, 375 yds. of Saile Cloth, 12 Botts of Con- 
vas, 12 Hides of Shoe Leather, 17 ct. wt. Lead, 14 Iron Pots, 23 Iron 
Kettles, 1276 lb. wrought Pewter, 504 lb. wrought Brass, 5 Bll. Nails. 
1 Barl. Spikes, 146 Barrs Iron, 23 Barrs Steel, Quantities of all sorts 
of Smiths, Coopers, Masons Tools, 19 Bll. Pitch, 16 Bll. Tar, 5 Quoils of 
Rope of 2 1-2 inches, 3 Quoils Rope 3 1-2 inch, 10 Cables of 4 inches, 
12 Herring Netts, 6 Seans, 70 Codlines, 67 Mackrill lines, 11 Gang 
Cod Hook, 30 doz. Mackril hooks, 10 Squid lines, 70 Knots Twine, 
1500 Boards, 1151 pine Planks. 


140 Bushels Corn, 8 Bar. Oate meal, 32 Bar. meal, 15 Butts Malt, 29 
Bar. Pease, 153 lb. Candles, 610 lb. Sugar, 1512 lb. Tobacco, 6 Pipes 
of Wine, 170 Galls. Aquavita, 2 Chirurgeon's Chests. 


31 Cows, 3 Bulls, 15 Steers & Heifers, 12 Calves, 63 Sheep, 29 Lambs, 
52 Goats, 67 Hogs, old & young, 19 Mares, Horses & Colts. 

Fishing Trade. 
6 Great Shallops, 5 Fishingboats with Sails, Anchors & Cables. 13 Skiffes. 

* Sakers were of two sorts, c extraordinary and ordinary.' The former having a bore 

4 inches in diameter, 10 feet long, weight 1800 pounds. The latter 3 3-4 inches bore, 9 
feet long, weight 1500 pounds. — Phillips and Kersey's New World of Words. 

t A piece of ordinance of 3 1-4 inches diameter bore, 8 feet long, 1000 pounds weight. 
This is the largest kind of Minion. — Phillips and Kersey, ib. 

% A piece of ordinance 2 3-4 inches diameter bore, 7 feet long, 750 pounds. — P. and K. 
ib. Baily gives very different dimensions to the Falcon. 

§ The smallest piece or ordinance but one, being 1 1-2 inches bore, 5 1-2 feet long, 300 
pounds weight. — P. and K., ib. 

|| Small cannon, either brass or iron, having a chamber on charge, consisting of nails, 
old iron, &c., put in at their breech. — Ib. 

IF Part of a piece of ordinance. — Ib. 

** A sort of hand-gun, or snap-hancc — lb. 

ft Answering probably to the modern fife. 

1848.] The Celebrated Glossary of Sir Henry Spelman. 41 

For Religious Use. 

1 Great Bible, 12 Service Books, 1 Pewter fHaggon, 1 Communion Cup & 
Cover of Silver, 2 tine Table- Cloths, 2 Napkins. 

At Newiciiewaxock. 

Anns and Ammunition. 

2 Robenets, 2 Murthers, 2 Chambers, 9 Ilarquebusses, 47 Musketts & 
Bandeleers, 28 ffowling pieces, 33 Carbines, 4 Case Pistols, 36 Swords 
& Belts, G Bar. Powder, 57 Bullets, 1 firkin lead Bullett, Bar. Match, 
1 Drum, 504 Small shot. 


31 Cloth Cassocks & breeches, 35 Canvas Cassocks, 55 Stuff Coats & 
Breeches, 67 Shirts, 43 Hats, 191 pr. Shoes, 152 pair of Stockins, 28 
Monmouth Caps, 43 lined Coats, 32 Red West Coats, 6 ps Bays, 4 Bolts 
Canvas, 14 ct wt Lead, 793 pewter, 594 ct Brass, 482 of Copper, 3 Bar 
Nails, 90 Bars Iron, 15 Bars Steal, all sorts of Smiths, Carpenters, 
Masons, Coopers Tools, 2 Seans, 344 pine planks, 1073 Boards. 


192 Bushells Corn, 5 Bar. Oatemeal, 15 Bar. Meal, 12 Butts Malt, 9 Bar 
Pease, 97 c Candles, 390 Tobacco, 370 c Sugar, 2 Pipes Wine, 240 Galls. 
Aqua vita, 1 Chirurgeons Chest. 


24 Cows, 2 Bulls, 22 Steers & heifers, 10 Calves, 92 Sheep & lambs, 27 
Goats, 64 Hogs, old & young, 13 Mares &, horses, 9 Colts. 

This is a true Inventory of the goods left by Capt. Walter Neal to be 
deliuered to Henry Jocelyn, Esq., by command of Capt. John Mason, & 
receiued by us. 

Ambrose Gibbins, 
Tiiomas Wenerton. 

Vera Cojria, Teste, 




[In Dr. B Animarlvor»i<>n> upon a Book, called Jani Jlnglorum fades Nova,'' he 

following interesting farts about the Glossary. J 

Bui to return to the Glossary, the first part whereof to the letter X. 
published in the year L626, the whole being then finished, and 
offered by Sir Henry Spelman to Mr, Bill, the bung's printer, for the 
ndui -■>. — in boon only: but he refusing to give him thai small 
for tli . he ventured to print the first pari of it ai his own 

char.:'', and most of the books lay upon his hands until the latter end 
of the year L637, when Mr. Stephens nod Mr. Meredith, booksellers 

42 A Looking- Glass for Some of Us. [Jan. 

in St. Paul's Churchyard, took them off. The next year, viz., 1638, 
Sir William Dug dale being with Sir Henry Spelman, and telling him, 
that many learned men were very desirous to see the remaining part 
of the work, Sir Henry then told him what is here related, and pro- 
duced both parts of the Glossary, the first whereof was printed, and 
interleaved with blank paper, as also was the second, which was manu- 
script, wherein he had added and altered much. 

After his majesties restauration, the earl of Clarendon, then lord 
chancellor, and Dr. Sheldon, then bishop of London, inquired of Sir 
William Dugdale what was become of the remaining part of the Glos- 
sary, or whether ever it was finished ? He told them it was finished, 
and in the hands of Mr. Charles Spelman, grand-child to Sir Henry, 
and youngest son to Sir John. Whereupon they desired Sir William 
to move him to print it, which he did ; but finding that the booksellers 
would give nothing for the copy, and that he was not able to print it at 
his own charge, and returning this answer to the Lord Chancellor and 
bishop of London, they contributed liberally themselves, and procuring 
many subscriptions to that purpose, desired Sir William Dugdale to 
receive the money, and deal with a printer to perform the work, which 
he did, and caused it to be printed as he received it, all under the 
proper handwriting of Sir Henry Spelman, without alteration or addi- 
tion. And had it not been for the dreadful fire in London, wherein 
both the copy and the greatest part of the impression were consumed, 
it might at this day have been produced to have confirmed what is here 
reported. For the truth whereof Sir William Dugdale, a person of 
great learning, worth, and integrity, and now a living testimony with- 
out exception, may be consulted, if any man doubts what is here 
deliuered. — An Introduction to the Old English History. By Rob- 
ert Brady, Doctor in Physick. Folio, London, 1684. 


[In a pretty much forgotten little book, entitled " Sketches from Nature," &c., by George 
Keate. Esq., among many excellent observations and reflections, we find the following 
paragraphs, which we cannot doubt will amuse our readers, if they do not instruct them.] 

I have known a mere collector of books return in great spirits from 
an auction with some choice volume, which, when purchased, he knew 
not in what part of his library to place — being chart, max. it would 
not readily range with smaller brother quartos — among folios it lost 
its consequence; — 'tis tried on this shelf — then on that; — here it 
Is not sufficiently conspicuous — there its binding does not properly 
contrast — a whole line of long-established authors must fall to the 
ground to make room for the stranger, — and as much time is often 
bestowed to procure the poor book a settlement, as it originally took to 
be printed. — Indeed, when this labor of whim is over, it frequently 
remains ever after undisturbed by the owner, and keeps its station till 

1848.] A Looking- Glass for Some of Us. 43 

the next heir sends it, with all its companions, to the Christie* of the 
day, to experience a similar fate from some other literary virtuoso. 

Now life is much too short to be passed in trifling arrangements. 
Those who possess little, readily find a corner to lay it down; — and 
as all my movables lie in a narrow compass, and having been an itin- 
erant myself through the world from the age of twenty, I am as per- 
fectly settled and at home whatever place I go to, in three hours, as I 
am when I have remained in it many months. 'T is but unstrapping 
my chaise trunk, laving out my odds and ends, and the affair is over. 

This temper of mind is to be acquired by a resolution to be contented 
with things as they turn out, and an endeavor to deduce some pleasure 
from every object one meets. 

Without this disposition I would counsel no man to set out on his 
travels. He had better be arrested for debt, and seek no bail, than 
get into a post-chaise on such a design. Hence half our voyage-writers, 
viewing the world in ill humor, have seen and described it ten times 
worse than it reallv is. 

A splenatic acquaintance of mine, to vary a scene of idle life, re- 
solved to make an extensive tour on the continent, and set out with an 
intention to visit half the globe. The crossing from Dover naturally 
made him sick, — the vessel reached Calais at low water, so that the 
harbor was naturally dry, — the boatmen who took him to shore natu- 
rally imposed on him in their demand, — the officers of the customs 
gave him naturally some little trouble. — The room he was put into at 
the inn had no carpet, — he conceited he should catch cold, — and 
this occasioned Monsieur Dessein's fricassee to be intolerably ill drest. 
" I wish I was at home again ! " said he, — and so would have wished 
all thy friends, had they Been thy melancholy plight. On he would go, 
though imaginably ill, — and of course everything went on ill with him. 
The French roads were abominable, — the great Gothic Church at 
Amiens was nothing to Rochester Cathedral, — the Capital scarce big- 
ger than Westminster — and the Hotel des Incalides not to be compared 
to the Horse-Guards at Whitehall. 

If thine eye so perversely considers all it viewcth, — if so many dis- 
appointments cross thy little pilgrimage to Paris, how wilt thou ever in 
•e reach Jerusalem ".' 

Why he never did, nor went one step further; — disgusted with 
.thing, — because disgusted with himself, he turned hack to pester 
his friends with hi- gri for fretting himself into a bilious com- 

plaint which Bath waters cannot wash away, — the cause being too 
remote for their operation. 

♦ A very notcl auctioneer in London, about the end of the la>t century. 

44 Petition of Sarah Gosse. [Jan. 


[In the margin of an old folio copy of Mather's Magnalia, is the following curious MS. 
note, in an old hand. We have no clue to the owner of the copy of the Magnalia at the 
time it was written ; but it was probably possessed by some minister in Connecticut, as it 
came into our hands from that State.] 

M n Jos : Noyes* of Newhaven informed that sometime after the English 
lived at Stonington, there came an Indian (of that place) to M r * Stanton 
(who had the Indian tongue) and told M r - Stanton, there was an Indian 
(of that place) that had a quarril with him, and had sent for a greate 
powaw from Long Island, who had undertaken to revenge the quarril ; and 
thereupon shewed a greate feare ; whereupon M r - Stanton sent for the 
powaw, and desired him to desist, telling him that Indian was his perteca- 
ler friende, but the powaw refused without so greate a rewarde might be 
giuen, that the Indian could not be able to giue, and the Indian powaw 
grew still more high and positive in his language, until he told M r- Stanton 
he could immediately tare his house in pieces, and himself flye out at the 
top of the chimney ; and grew at length to be so daring that he raised the 
old gentlemans Temper, so that he started out of his greate chayre and 
layed hold of the powaw, and by main strength took him, and with a halter 
tyed his hands, and raised him up to a hook in the Joyse, and whipped him 
untill he promised to desist and go home, which he did and the poore feare- 
full Indian had no harm from the powaw ; there were many Indians with- 
out the house, w r ho came as neare as they dare, and saw the disipline, and 
expected the house to be tore in pieces (as they said), who, when they saw 
the matter so concluded went away much Surprised. This relation M r * 
Noyes told me was an undoubted truth, his author being the daughter of 
s d - Mr. Stanton. 


To y e Worshipfull the Governor and Deputy Governor w th the rest of 
y e officers, 

Humblie shcweth : That whereas the husbande of yo r poore petitioner, 
Sarah Gosse, beinge conuented before yo r worshipps for abuse of his 
tounge, in euill speeches, whereunto he is subiect by reason of some dis- 
temper of spirritt at some times, and wherevppon he was fined Twenty 
pounds, which beinge exacted, would be very preiudiciall vnto my selfe 
and children, if not to the vndoeing. My humble request therefore vnto 
this worshippfull Assemblie is, that they would so farre consider o r condition, 

* Probably the Rev. Joseph Noycs, who was a minister at New Haven 45 years. He 
died there 14 June, 1761, a. 72. He was son of Rev. Moses N., of Lyme, Ct., grandson 
of Rev. James, of Stonington, Ct. great-grandson of James N, one of the first ministers 
of Newbury, Ms., who came from Wiltshire, Eng., in 1634. His wife was Sarah, daughter 
of Joseph Brown, of Southampton, England. — Farmer. Allen. 

1848.] Memorandum Concerning Abraham Browne. 45 

as to discharge vs fro paimente of the fine aforesaid, and we shall for euer 
pray for yo r worshipps prosperiiie. 

Sarah Gosse and her children. 
Wee whose names are hereto sub- 
scribed doe ioyne humble pe- Edward How, 
titioner w* her vnto this honored Tiio: Mathew, 
court on her behalfe. Thomas Hastings. 

George Phillips, 
William Jenison, 
Richard Browne. 

Ypon this y e petition exhibited at the 
court, 7: 2 — 40 [7 April, 1640,] 
20 lb - of the 20 lb - was remitted. 




[Introduction to a manuscript volume lent to me by Geo. M. Browne, Esq. — C. B.] 

A Book of Remembrance of God's Provydences towards me, A. B., 
throughout the cours of my Life, written for my own medytacon in 
New eng 1 - 

To his honnered father in law, M r - Ilezykiah Vsher, Seg r- marchent 
in Boston, N. E. 

Honnered S r whatever affiicons hath befalne me in the wholl cours 
of my life, whether in body, minde, estate, or name, I know my sin to 
be the procuring caws. Jere. 4 : 18. I medle not with God's de- 
crees, tho I believe our stations, situations, and ends limmited by God. 
What I was unwilling to do while living, I have left to be presented to 
you after my decease, viz., a few lines of my life and experiences, 
which, when you have perused it, I desire my child, Ilezykiah Browne, 
may have it. I pray God make it of use to him, that he may not trust 
to worldly enjoyments of any kinde, but in Christ Jesus, to live unto 
him, to be forever blest of him. This Bookc is, as it wcare, of two 
parts; — The second part I bequeath unto my daftcr, Elizabeth 
Browne, the Original of which I write in captivity, and once intended 
for my friends in England. I am sorry my condicon will admiti of no 
other portion (as you have been there friend) soe I hope the Lord will 
be their portion. — F r - your kindness to them I have own'd and shall 
own with all dew thankfulness to my dying bower. — 

Y or obliged Bonn in Law 

Abb ah a.m Broti 

Abraham Br oe, born at Plymouth, England, — arrived in New 

land as a (actor or lupercargo, 20 June, L650,- -returned to 

i ;land 1654, and was taken by a Salee R ■ 16 ; ransomed 

and returned to England the Bame year, in December. Sailed for 


Early Settlers of Reading and South Reading. [Jan. 

Cape de Verds and New-england, 22 May, 1656, — married in Boston, 
1* May, 1660. 

A. B., the father of the first clergyman of Queen's Chapel, N. II., 
Son of the clergyman, was member of Parliament — name Arthur.* 



"William Arnold, 

Nicholas Brown, son of Edward 

Brown, of England, died 1673, 
Capt. John Brown, Esq., died 1717, 

age 82, 
John Brown, 2d., 
Cornelius Brown, 
Josiah Brown, 
Joseph Brown, 
Edward Brown, 
Isaac Burnap, died 1667, 
Robert Burnap, died 1689, 
Robert Burnap, Jr., 
John Burnap, 
Thomas Burnap, 
Joseph Burnap, 
John Batchelder, died 1705, 
Samuel Batchelder, 
David Batchelder, 
Dea. Thomas Bancroft, 
Thomas Bancroft, Jr., 
Henry Bellflower, 
Bery Bellflower, 
John Buttery, 
Boniface Burton, 
James Boutwell, 
Thomas Boutwell, 
John Boutwell, 
Abraham Bryant, 
Thomas Bryant, 
William Bryant, 
Kendall Bryant, 
Rev. John Brock, died June 18, 

James Barrett, 
Thomas Burt, 

Abraham Belknap, 

Thomas Chandler, 

Thomas Clark, died 1693, 

Adam Colson, died 1687, 

Dea "William Cowdrey, died 1687, 

"William Cowdrey, Jr., 

Nathaniel Cowdrey, 

Samuel Cowdrey, 

Nathaniel Cutler, 

Thomas Cutler, 

Edward Cutler, 

John Cutler, 

Perley Clark, 

Samuel Chadwick, 

John Cole, 

Dea. John Damon, died 1708, 

John Damon, Jr., 

Samuel Damon, 

Thomas Damon, 

George Davis, 1667, 

Joseph Davis, 

Joshua Davis, 

Thomas Davis, 

Robert Dunton, 

Samuel Dunton, died 1683, 

John Dunton, 

Nathaniel Dunton, 

Josiah Dustin, died 1671, 

Thomas Dutton, 

Joseph Dutton, 

Ralph Dix, died 1688, 

John Dix, 

Samuel Dix, 

John Dickerman, 

Nathaniel Evans, died 1710, 

Jonas Eaton, died 1674, 

* Arthur Browne, of Portsmouth, N. II., an Episcopal clergyman — was educated at 
Trinity Coll. Dublin — ordained by the Bishop of London and assumed the charge of a 
society at Providence, 11. I. In 1736, he removed to Portsmouth, and became the first 
minister of the Episcopal Church of that town, and continued his connexion until his 
decease. He died at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1 773, aged 73. — Sabine's Biographical 
Sketches of American Loyalists. Boston, 1847. 

1848.] Early Settlers of Beading and South Beading. 


John Eaton (*'of the P/ay?ie"), died 

John Eaton ("of the JEfiff"), died 

"William Eaton, died 167o, 

Daniel Eaton, 

Joshua Eaton, 

Jonathan Eaton, 

William Eaton, Jr., 

Peter Emerson, son of Joseph Em- 
erson, of Mendon, died 17-31, 
aged 7* years, 

Ebenezer Emerson, 

Matthew Edwards, died 1G83, 

Francis Everett, 

Gilbert Endicott, 

Walter Fairfield, 

Dea. Zackariah Fitch, died 1662, 

Dea. Benjamin Fitch, died 1713, 

Joseph Fitch, died 1694, 

Samuel Fitch, 

Henry Felch, died 1699, 

John Felch, 

Joseph F^lch, 

George Flint, 

Stephen Francis, 

Stephen Fjak, 

Maj. Green, 

Rev. Henry Green, died 1648, 

John Gould, 

Daniel Gould, 

Matthew ( rrover, 

Thomas (J rover, 

Nathaniel ( loodwin, 

John Goodwin, 

Richard I larnden, 

John Harnden, 

Benja. Qarnden, 

William Ilarnden, 

Isaac Hart, 

Thomas Hartshorn, 

David Hartshorn, 

I'. nj Hartshorn, 

Joseph Hartshorn, 

Timothy Hartshorn, 

R . Samuel I [aagh, died 1 662, 

( pi John Herbert, died 1712, 

William I [ooper, died l 678, 

William Hooper, Jr., died 1692, 

William Haley, 

William Hnssey, 

Thomas Hodgman, 

! . I f i Igman, 
Thomas Haw< 

Daniel Ilitchings, 

James Hay, 

William Hodgkins, 

Francis Hutchinson, died 1702, 

Thomas Jackson, 

Dea. Thomas Kendall, died 1681, 

Edward Kidder, 

Thomas Kelson, 

Robert Ken, 

Samuel Lamson, died 1692, 

Samuel Lamson, Jr., 

William Laukin, 

George Li 1 ley, died 1691, 

Samuel Li 1 ley, 

Samuel Leaman, 

Thomas Marshall, 

Edward Marshall, 

Henry Merrow, died 1685, 

John Merrow, 

Samuel Merrow, 

Humphrey Miller (or Millard), 

William Martin, 

Philip Mclntier, 

Richard Nichols, died 1674, 

John Nichols, 

Dea. Thomas Nichols, 

James Nichols, 

Samuel Nichols, 

John Poole, died 1667, 

Capt. Jonathan Poole, died 1678, 

Samuel Poole, 

Thomas Poole, 

Dea. Thomas Parker, died 1683, 

Hananiah Parker, 

John Parker, 

Nathaniel Parker, 
Samuel Parker, 
Kendal] Parker, Esq., 
Ebenezer Parker, 
Jonathan Parker, 
Peter Palfrey, died L663, 

John Pearson, died 1 679, 
John Pearson, -]r , 
Jam.- Pike, died L699, 
Jeremiah Pike, 

John Polly, 

Edward Polly, 

Rev. .Jonathan Pierpont, died 17 

.John Pratt, 

John Phipps, 
William Rogers, 
Nicholas Rice, 
William Robbing, 
Abraham Roberts, 

48 Letter of Ezra Badlam. [Jan. 

William Russell, John Townsend, 

John Smith, John Tony, died 1691, 

Francis Smith, Sen., died 1650, Richard Temple, 

Dea. Francis Smith, died 1744, Ezekiel Upton, 

Benja. Smith, died 1691, Joseph Upton, 

Matthew Smith, John Upton, died 1699, 

Dr. James Stimpson, Joseph Underwood, 

Jeremiah Swayne, died 1658, Capt. Richard Walker, 

Maj. Jeremiah Swayne, died 1710, Samuel Walker, 

Benja. Swayne, Shubael Walker, 

John Squier, George Walker, 

Richard Sutton, Obadiah Walker, 

Capt. Ephraim Savage, John Weston, 

Isaac Southwick, Thomas Weston, 

William Sawyer, Stephen Weston, 

Seabred Taylor, Samuel Weston, 

Edward Taylor, died 1694, John Wiley, 

James Taylor, died 1703, Timothy Wiley, 

Thomas Taylor, died 1690, Josias Webber, 

George Thompson, died 1674, Samuel Walton, 

John Thompson, John Woodward, 

Thomas Tower, died 1684, Thomas Williams. 
George Townsend, 

Collected from the old Town Records, by 

Lillet Eaton, 

Town Clerk of South Reading. 
South Reading, July, 1847 


Albany, September 28th, 1777. 

Dear Sir, — ■ 

I have a few leisure minutes which I gladly embrace, thankfully 
acknowledging your last favor by the hand of Mr. Hayward the Post. 
Hoping these lines will find you and your family in good health, tho' I 
am at present unwell with the Fever and Ague, but am much better 
than I have been. The siege at Fort Stanwix has been the cause of 
my being sick, but the fall is now coming on and I hope to get well 
soon and go to camp. I have no news extraordinary at present but 
will give you a sketch of our affairs in this Northern Department. 
Our army which was in the greatest confusion when commanded by 

Gen P , S l( * is now in the very best situation and in very high 

spirits. A general action is hourly expected, which I believe will con- 
clude this Campaign if the action turns in our favor, which I think 
there is not any danger to doubt of; for we are on the right side of the 
Question and they are not. I think in a very few days by the help of 
Almighty God wc shall be able to give a very good account of Gen 11 ' 
Burgoine and his army, as his communication is now cut off, so that he 
cannot get any more provisions. Colonel Brown has taken Ticonde- 

1848.] Letter of Ezra Badlam. 49 

roga, and about 300 prisoners, and retaken about 100 of our men 
which were taken at Bennington, 200 batteaux, a number of armed 
gundelocs, one armed sloop and a great number of other valuable 
articles. Things now have a very good force and the countenances of 
the people are very much altered. They that were Tories a few days 
ago, are now good Whigs and have taken their arms and gone with the 
militia and are determined to finish the work and bring those arbitrary 
and tyranieal Ministers to a sense of their duty. The Indians as well 
as the Tories begin to think that we shall be too strong for the British 
army, and have come down from each of the Six Nations and are of 
great service to our army for scouting parties ; for they go out every 
day and lay in the woods and bushes near the enemy's camp, and take 
more or less prisoners every day, and give us intelligence of all Bur- 
goine's movements, which is of great service to us. A few days ago 
the Indians took two Tories who were dressed and painted, who a few 
minutes before had taken one of our men and were carrying him into 
Burgoyne's camp. They brought them to Generall Gates and he set 
our man at liberty ; the other two, Tories, he told them it seemed to 
him that they liked the Indians or they would not try to imitate them. 
And since you like them so well, you may take protection with them 
and hence Indian fair; and so delivered the two Tories to the Chief 
Sachem ; and they called their men together and held a frolick with 
them and have taken very good care of them ; for they have put them 
to sleep I believe, for they have not been seen or heard since, and I am 
thoughtful they will not wake very soon. The Mohawks are the most 
intelligible, as they live among the English in Caughnawaga. The 
Anydars [Oneidas] tribe have been the most friendly. The Cayugars 
are a small tribe. The Ornondagers are a numerous nation, but the 
Senekeys are the largest, and very bad. The Mohikens are a small 
tribe. The Flat Heads are very numerous, but have not been con- 
cerned on either side, as they are at so great a distance. 

The following is a list of the killed, wounded and missing in the battle 
at Stillwater the 10th instant: 

2 Lieut. Col., Coben and Adorns, 

:) ( 'aptains, 

6 Captain-. 

1 Captain, 

1 First Lieutenant, 

5 First Lieutenants 

, 1 Lieutenant, 

2 Fnsigns, 

9 Second do. 

7 Sargenl 

3 Sargents, 

1 Ensign, 

28 Rank and File. 

- Drummers, 

13 Sargents, 

• r )l Rank and File. 

2 fifert, 
181 Rank and File. 

64 killed, 

21 7 wounded, 

missing. [ 37 ] 

The enemy's loss on this occasion, as we have been informed by 

deserters i en hundred nod forty four killed dead, which they 

buried since. The Dumber that they had wounded \n<- have not 

ined. Every thing in this place is irery dear, bo dear that 

the i in the army will, in a very short tiiii--, be obliged to resign 

50 Ipswich Proceedings. [Jan. 

their commissions, if such men as you, which have the reigns of govern- 
ment in hand, do not fall upon some better plan of government ; for 
we cannot live so well on our pay now, as we could on a soldier's pay 
the first year. 

N.B. — Gen 11 - Schuyler is yet in Albany, though he has been some 
time since ordered to Congress. 

Sir I am with esteem and due respect your most 

Obedient humble servant 

Ezra Badlam. 


[To the Publisher.] 

Sir, — After a number of sittings, I have copied from the old Books the first list of 
names it contains. I have spelt them as they are in the Record. I think it contains the 
names of all the freemen of Ipswich at that time. I did intend to give a short history of 
each family, and may, at some future day, if my health (which is very poor) will permit. 

I am your humble servant, 

Luther Wait. 

At the generall Towne Meeting held the 19 of December, 1648. 

Wheras the Inhabitants of this Towne have engaged themselves to pay 
yearly on the 10th day of Decembar unto Maior Denison, soe long as he 
shall be theur Leader, the sum of Twenty four Pounds, Seven Shillings, in 
way of gratuitye, as under there hands may appear ; and because it is 
most manifest the sayd sum will not be raysed unlesse some better order 
be taken for the same, Espeshally in respect of the Alteration and change 
of the Inhabytants. It is therefour ordered, that henceforth the seaven 
men shall, yearly in November, put the s d summ of 24'- 7 s - into a rate, pro- 
portioning it upon the Inhabitants. Having alsoe respect to the bill of 
Subscriptions of the Towne from Year to Year to be Levyed and colected 
by the Constable, and payed unto the Sayd Maior Denison, on the 10 of 
Decembar, yearly, soe long as he shall continue to be leader of this Com- 

Voted by the Town at the generall Towne meeting above mentioned. A 
list of names of those that did subscribe theur severall somes yearley, while 
he continued to be our Leader. 

Mr. Saltonstall, 
Mr. Symonds, 
Mr. Hubbard, 
Mr. Rogers, 
Mr. Norton, 
Mr. Wm. Paine, 
Mr. Robert Paine, 
John Whipple, 
Francis Dane, 
Mr. Baker, 
Rich: Kemball, Sen., 
Tho: Robinson, Sen., 
Robert Lord, 
James How, 



Theoph. Wilson, 




Humphry Bradstreet, 



Darnell Clarke, 



Will" 1 - Clark, 



Samuel Long, 



John Warner, 



John Wooddam, 



James Chute, 



John Anaball, 



John Davis, 



W m - Gutterson, 



Jlion Morse, 



William Averill, 



John Newman, 



Ipswich Proceedings. 


Roger Langton, 
Joseph Langton, 
Francis Jordan, 
Joiin Jackson, 
Ahra. Foster, 
Phillip Long, 
William Batholmew, 
Andrew Hodges, 
Stephen Jordon, 
Thos. Newman, 
John Gage, 
Renold Foster, 
Mathias Button, 
Sam u ell Tavler, 
Tho: Tredwell, 
Abrai Warr, 
Tho: Knowlton, 
Thomas Hardy, 
Rch. Scofield," 
Roger Pueston, 
Robert Beacham, 
Thomas Perkins, 
Thomas Harris, 
Robert Dutch, 
Jacob Perkins, 
Ralph I)i\, 
John Layto, 
John Ingalls, 
Robert Filhrick, 
Robert Wallis, 
Robert Roberds, 
Fran: Wainwright, 
John Newmarsh, 
Sam. Heipher, 
Joseph Bigsby, 
Edward Walderne, 
John Appleton, 
Sam 1- Appleton, 
Tho. Stace, 

Jo. Whipple, Jr., 

Edmond Bridges, 
Lanslot Granger. 
Anthony Potter, 
John French, 

N Ith Stone, 

Mark Quilter, 

W Ad.lain. Jr., 

John Denison, 
Edw. Lorn 
Tin*. Rollinson, Jr , 
Daniel Warner, 

Tho. Wardall, 
Tho. Scott, Jr., 
Tho. Scott, Ben., 




























































\W°: Addams, Sen., 
John Pinder, 
I Thomas Hart, 

Robert Dav, 

! Will. Pritchet, 
j John Wyate, 

Tho. Clark, Jnn., 

Tho. Safford, 

John Knowlton, 

I Joseph Metcalfe, 

Tho Metcalfe, 

Moses Pengry, 

Aaron Pengry, 

() Theo. Shatswell, 

<» Mr. Tnttle, 

John Pittice, 

Rich. Shatswell, 

Rich. Kemball, Jr., 

<i Win. Whitred, 

Tho. Whitred, 

(^eo. Smith, 
; Haniell Bosworth 

Ezra Rosse, 

Richard Wattells, 

I Ien ry Kingsbury, 

Robert Smith, 

o Henry Archer, 

Edward Brown, 

John Ayuer, 

| Richard Betts, 

it John Haskell, 

Humph. Vincent, 

John Catcham, 

Will. Buckley, 

I) Sam. Varnam, 

Daniell Ross, 

Joseph Redding, 

Richard Nicholls, 

John Browne, 

John Andrews, Jr., 

Math. Clark, 

Daniel Hovey, 

o Tyler Birdley, 

John Dane, 

John ( bote, 

S\ iiiuii Tompson, 

Robert Kinsman, 

Tho. Low', 

<i Will. I roodhue, 

Wm. Story, 

John West, 

TIm-o. Salter, 

John Bin nam, 

Wm Miller, 



2 6 














1 6 





1 G 


1 6 









1 6 




















2 o 







Early Records of Roxbury. 


Geo. Gidding, 



Wm. Coggswell, 

John Andrews, Jr., 


Wm. Lampson, 

Tho. Lee, 


Anthony Harris, 

John Perkins, Jr., 


Robert Colborne, 

Wm. Fellows, 


Tho. Bishop, 

Mr. Epps, 


Tho. Greene, 

Humph. Gilbert, 


Robert Pearpoynt 

Daniel Ringe, 


John Fuller, 

Daniell Wood, 


Tho. Burnam, 

Joseph Emerson, 


John Lee, 

Robert Crose, 


John Emerson, 

Sam. Younglove, 


Job Bishop, 

Sam. Pod, 

















The document, of which this is a copy, belongs to, and appears to have 
been a fly-leaf in the earliest book of records of the town of Roxbury. It 
is so worn and torn, that its fragmentary state will not allow of a perfect 
copy, or a copy of what it once was. It comes to the Register through 
the interest of Charles M. Ellis, Esq., of Roxbury and Boston, mem- 
ber of the N. E. H. G. Society. There is no date upon the paper. It 
was on or after 1634, and not after 1643. 

Mr. Elliott, 

8 goats, 

5 kidds, 

Elder Heath, 12 goats, 

7 kids, 

John Johnson, 

6 goats, 

4 kids, 

W m - Denison, 2 goats, 

3 kids, 

Isaac Morrell,* 

4 goats, 

3 kids, 

John Ston, 20 goats, 

8 kids, 

M r Sheafe, 
Edward Bugbie, 

14 goats, 
6 goats, 

10 kids, 
7 kids, 

Thomas Water-) ? 
man, ) & 

6 kids, [?] 

John Burehly,t 

2 goats, 

2 kids, 

Thos. ffreeman, 3 goats, 

1 kid, 

Edw'd Sheffield, 

2 goats, 

1 kid, 

Richard Peacock, 1 goat, 

1 kid, 

W m - Chandler, 

1 goat, 

1 kid, 

Dorothy, 1 goat, 

1 kid. 

We whose names are vnder written haue appointed John Burwell to 
gather I 12 d - apeece for goats and kids out of which we did appoint him to 
pay goodman Burt for his boy for the full tyme he did keepe the goats. 

Isaac Heath. 
John Ston. 

A note of 

tf estates and persons of the Inhabitants of Rocksbury. 

Accres. halfe 
3 00 

6 ? 

7 00 

6 00 

7 f 


Edward Pason, 
John Tat man, 
John Stonnard,§ 
Martin Stebbin, 
Giles Payson, 


1 00 

2 06 
2 00 
2 00 
2 10 

and estate. 
00 00 
00 00 
09 00 
00 00 
03 04 

* I incline to the opinion that this should be Morsctt. 

t May possibly mean Buckly. 

\ Words italicized arc supplied, the original being obliterated. 

\ Possibly Stoddard, but the MS. is plain. 



Early Records of Roxbury 






and estate- 




Laurence AVittamorc, 







Richard Peacocke, 







Edward Bugbie, 







John Levins, 








Gowin Anderson, 







John Ruggles, 







Richard Peper, 






Edward Pigges, 






William Webb, 






Edward Bridge, 






Thomas Ruggles, 






Robert Seauer, 






Thomas Griggs, 






John Hall, 






John Trumble, 







John Burwell, 






Abraham Howe, 





John Mathew, 








John Bowles, 








Isaac Johnson, 








Ralph Hemmenway, 






John Corteis,* 






Arthur Garv,| 






Thomas Waterman, 






Thomas Pigge,J 





[torn o 


Samuell flinch, 






Widdow Igguiden, 



[torn off" 


Abraham Newell, 




W m - Chandler, 






Robert Gamlien, 




John Perry, 



ffrancis Smith, 




John Pettit, 





W* Cheiney, 



Samuell Chapin, 





William Perkins, 


1 — 1 



Robert Williams, 



John Graue,§ 







Daniell Brewer, 




Jamef Aatwoo 1. 




Edward Porter, 




John Miller, 



John Roberts, 


( Iriffin ( 'raft, 




.John Wataon, 



Thomas Land), 




Mr. John Elliott, 




William Corteis, 



uht Curtis. 
Since Ott 
I The MS admits of no question ; nor ran it be tortured into anything >^- r - TCut thr 

Pi^h',j: ■ I kRMBK m.iv \v<-ll (UftOlt) our -rave i.illv if v. | I ihut the 

il MS to .".huh the great genealogist had not sccest) i foii, 

$ l' or probably now Graves. 

54 Remarkable Superstitions. [Jan. 

[Thus far on one page, seemingly the Jirst. On the second is apparently 
another class of landholders.] 


Thomas Bett, 






George Holmes, 






Samuel Hagborne,* 






William Parke, 






John Johnson, 






John Gore, 






Isaac Morrell, 






George Alcock, 






Elder Heath, 






John Stow, 






W m - Denison, 






John Weld, 






Joshua Hevves, 






Phillip Elliott, 






Mr. Thomas Weld, 






Mr. Thomas Dudley, 






Notwithstanding the wisdom and light of the present age, there may 
be found as little to boast of in these matters, as our fathers had over 
the condition of their ancestors. We read with surprise now-a-days 
the accounts of apparitions, drums and trumpets in the air above, the 
doings of witches, and a hundred, other things that might be named, 
which were common two hundred years ago, and forget that thousands 
of the present day believe in second-sight, warnings in dreams, fore- 
runners, and even witchcraft itself. 

Governor Winthrop as piously believed the story of the rocking shij? 
which he records in his Journal, as the author of the Saxon Chronicle 
did that of Pope Leo, " who had his tongue cut out, and his eyes put 
out, and was then driven from his see ; but that soon afterwards he 
was able to see and speak, and again was pope as he before was." 

Our object in this article is to present one or two striking cases of 
the delusions which prevailed just two centuries ago this present year. 
They have not been specially selected, but happening to fall under our 
observation, they are here given. They will be found in the second 
volume of Winthrop' s Journal, as folloAvs : 

At a court in Boston, 1648, " One Margaret Jones, of Charlestown,j 
was indicted and found guilty of witchcraft, and hanged for it. The 
evidence against her was, 1. that she was found to have such a malig- 
nant touch, as many persons, (men, women, and children,) whom she 
stroked or touched with any affection or displeasure, &c, were taken 
with deafness, or vomiting, or other violent pains or sickness ; 2. she 

* Since Hitchbourn, it is probable. 

t Mr. Frothingham, the accomplished historian of that town, has not heen able to eluci- 
date the text of Winthrop concerning this melancholy event, as the records there are en- 
tirely silent upon it. 

1848.] Remarkable Superstitions. oo 

practising physic, and her medicines being such tilings, as (by her own 
confession) were harmless, as aniseed, liquors, &c, yet had extraordi- 
nary violent effects ; 3. she would use to tell such as would not make 
use of her physic, that they would never be healed, and accordingly 
their diseases and hurts continued, with relapses against the ordinary 
course, and beyond the apprehension of all physicians and surgeons ; 
4. some things which she foretold came to pass accordingly ; other 
things she could tell of, (as secret speeches, &c.,) which she had no 
ordinary means to come to the knowledge of; 5. she had, (upon 
search.) an apparent teat* ***** as fresh as if it had been newly 
sucked ; and after it had been scanned, upon a forced search, that was 
withered, and another began on the opposite side ; (3. in the prison, in 
clear daylight, there was seen in her arms, she sitting on the floor, and 
her clothes up, &c, a little child, which ran from her into another room, 
and the officer following it, it was vanished. The like child was seen in 
two other places, to which she had relation ; and one maid that saw it, 
fell sick upon it, and was cured by the said Margaret, who used means 
to be employed to that end. Her behaviour at her trial was very intem- 
perate, lyingt notoriously, and railing upon the jury and witnesses, k., 
and in the like distemper she died. The same day and hour she was 
executed, there was a very great tempest at Connecticut, which blew 
down many trees, <S:c."t 

N >t many days after the execution of the poor woman, it is related by 
our author, that k * the Welcome of Boston, [of] about oOO tons, riding 

fore Charlestown, having in her 80 horses and 1-0 tons of ballast, in 
calm weather, fell a rolling, and continued so about 12 hours, so as 
though they brought a great weight to the one side, yet she would heel 
to the other, and so deep as they feared her foundering. It was then 
the time of the county court in Boston, and the magistrates hearing of 
it, and withal that one Jones, (the husband of the witch lately execut- 
ed.) had desired to have passage in her to Barbados, and could not 
have it without sueh payment, &c.j they sent the officer presently with 
a warrant to apprehend him. oik 1 of them saying that the ship would 
stand still a- soon as he was in prison. And as the officer went, and 

* The well known test of the times. No one was really thought to be a rompfrtr witch 

without inch ah appendage could be found about them. Hence the term witch-teat^ tor- 

known, even to every child of mature Tears. It is not found in the dictionaries, 

mi in the ■' World oi Words," <>r "Old Bailry," yet we think it ought to he 

there a- much as witcA, for assuredly one could not exist without the other, and one wa 

! as tin: oiIkt. It i> a wonder that Bailey should miss it. or that Phillips, who gives 

■fn/tift. should have passed over its most important attribute, 

act of Parliament before their times must have been based upon the exist- 

e of the irtt'h/cut. The dluded to lies reeding and rewarding, and 

giriwt $mek to evil spirits"' It was believed that the Devil -cut his Unpt to su<k witches, or 

• .it when they had performed that operation or service, (ii> object 

■ot being< uied,) the person giving '-nek was full j secured in the service of his 

\v • close this note with the curious definition of Witchcraft alluded U 
* Witchcrafi the black art. whereby, with the assistance of the Devil, or evil ipirits, 
soui ought which exceed the common apprehensions <>f men." 

t Probably denying that of which ihe wai accused. 
\ W that this would have convinced every "tie tl iving 

DMMiy in favor of: ,nt |nu it is. that infatuation <! menl 

56 Obituary of Rev. T. F. Rogers. [Jan. 

was passing over the ferry, one said to him, ' You can tame men some- 
times, can't you tame this ship ?' The officer answered, ' I have that 
here that, (it may be,) will tame her, and make her be quiet ; ' and 
with that he showed his warrant. And at the same instant she began 
to stop, and presently staid ; and after he was put in prison, moved no 
more." How it fared with the poor man we have no information. Not 
even his baptismal name are we sure of, though we are inclined to think 
it was Edward, who appears among the freemen of Massachusetts as 
early as 1631. If set at liberty he doubtless seized the earliest oppor- 
tunity of escaping from a country where his character had been ruined. 
The name of Edward Jones appears in the records of Charlestown in 
1636, and we do not find any other of the name of Jones there up to 
the time of the witchcraft in 1648 ; yet there may have been others, 
and there is a possibility that the Edward of the records may not have 
been the one who "so diabolically troubled" the ship. 


[The ensuing notice of the Kev. Mr. Rogers was communicated by the Hon. Henry W. 
Cushman, of Bernardston, Ms., corresponding member of the N. E. Hist. Gen. Society.] 

Died, in Bernardston, Jan. 26, 1847, Rev. T. F. Rogers, senior 
Pastor of the Unitarian Society in that town, aged 66. Mr. Rogers 
was a native of Tewksbury, Mass., graduated at Harvard University 
in 1802, and was settled over the first Congregational (Unitarian) 
Society in Bernardston in 1809, in which situation he continued to his 
death, a period of almost 38 years. 

The class of 1802, to which Mr. Rogers belonged, contained a re- 
markably large number who have been eminent in the theological, 
political, or literary world. Gov. Lincoln, of Worcester, Hon. James 
T. Austin, late Attorney General of this State, Hon. Leverett Salton- 
stall, of Salem, Hon. Samuel Hoar, of Concord, Rev. Dr. Nichols, of 
Portland, Rev. Dr. Codman, of Dorchester, Rev. Dr. Flint, of Salem, 
Rev. Dr. Allen, late President of Bowdoin College, Professor Frisbie, 
of Harvard University, Rev. Mr. Wellington, of Templeton, and Dea. 
Greele, of Boston, were members of that class. 

Mr. Rogers was the fourth settled minister of the first religious soci- 
ety in Bernardston. The church of that society is now 105 years old, 
having been formed at Deerfield, Nov. 25, 1741. The Rev. John 
Norton, first minister of Fall Town, (now Bernardston,) was ordained 
at that time. Sermon by Rev. Jonathan Ashley, of Deerfield, which 
was printed in Boston in 1742, a copy of which is now in the library 
of the Antiquarian Society at Worcester. 

Mr. Rogers was ordained Sept. 20, 1809. The ordaining council 
consisted of Rev. Dr. Wells, of Brattleboro', Vt., Rev. Asa Packard, 
of Marlboro', Rev. John Foster, of Brighton, Rev. Jacob Coggin, of 
Tewksbury, Rev. Dr. Willard, of Deerfield, and Rev. James Chamber- 
lain, of Guilford, Vt. 

But few men have lived a more perfectly Christian life than Mr. 

1848.] Hoiv the Jews were treated. 57 

Rogers. Those avIio differed from him in theological sentiments never 
doubted his perfect honesty and the purity of his life. From some 
intercourse with the world, -\ve must say, that we have never known a 
man, who was so nearly perfect in obedience to the precepts of Christ, 
as he was. This is, indeed, saying very much, but not any too much. 

His perfect honesty in business transactions was most remarkable ; 
far in advance of the honesty of the world and of most of those who 
profess to be disciples of the Saviour. One circumstance of a thousand, 
will illustrate this. Having a horse that had become diseased, and 
consequently nearly useless, a neighbor, who acted on the principle that 
ik all 's fair in trade," wishing to do Mr. R. a kindness, proposed to him 
to take the horse to a distance and sell him. Mr. R. declined the 
offer, giving as a reason that " he feared he would sell the horse for 
more than he was worth.'' How rare is such honesty in the world ! 

For many years his trials have been great. The wife of his bosom, 
who died a few months since, has, for a long time, been partially 
insane, and sickness has often visited his dwelling. But perfect sub- 
mis-ion to the will of God w r as a marked characteristic of his life. 
Amidst all his trials, he was ever patient and cheerful, relying, with 
the most perfect confidence, on the goodness of his " Father in 

As a preacher, he was never remarkable. His sermons were always 
good, but seldom very original. His whole life has been the most pow- 
erful preacher, for more than a third of a century, among his people. 
Their deep respect and love for him is shown, most conclusively, in his 
long continuance among them as their pastor. For upwards of thirty- 
six years, he constantly " broke the bread of life" to the same society. 

But he has gone ! His labors are ended ; and we trust he has al- 
ready received the reward which is promised to the faithful steward. 

" Servant of God ! well done ; 
Praise be thy new employ ; 
And while eternal ages run, 
Best in thy Saviour's joy." 

B> mar hton, Jan. 28, 1847. II. W. C. 



Extracted from Stow's History of London. 

Old Jttji:. a street so called, of JewB sometime dwelling there and 

near adjoining, in the parishes of St. Olive, St. Michael, Bassingshall, 

Martin, Ironmonger lane, St. Lawrence, called the Jury, and K 

to Woo I street. William, duke of Normandy, first brought them 
from Rouen to inhabit here. 

William Rufai favored them so far. that he sware hy Luke's face, 
his common oath, if they could overcome the Christians he \s<»uM be 
one of their sect. 

58 Some Account of the Peters Family. [Jan. 

Henry II. grievously punished them for corrupting his coin. 

Richard I. forbad Jews and women to be present at his coronation, 
for fear of enchantments ; for breaking of which commandment many 
Jews were slain, who being assembled to present the king with some 
gift, one of them was stricken by a Christian, which some unruly 
people perceiving, fell upon them, beat them to their houses, and burnt 
them therein, or slew them at their coming out. Also the Jews at 
Norwich, St. Edmundsbury, Lincoln, Stamford, and Lynne, were 
robbed and spoiled; and at York, to the number of 500, besides women 
and children, entered a tower of the castle, proffered money to be in 
surety of their lives, but the Christians would not take it, whereupon 
they cut the throats of their wives and children, and cast them over 
the walls on the Christians' heads ; and then entering the king's lodg- 
ing, they burnt both the house and themselves. 

King John, in the 11th of his reign, commanded all the Jews, both 
men and women, to be imprisoned and grievously punished, because he 
would have all their money : some of them gave all they had, and 
promised more, to escape so many kinds of Torments, for every one of 
them had one of their eyes at the least plucked out ; amongst whom 
there was one, which being tormented many ways, would not ransom 
himself, till the king had caused every day one of his great teeth to be 
plucked out by the space of seven days, and then gave the king ten 
thousand marcs of silver, to the end they should pull out no more. 
The said king at that time spoiled the Jews of 66,000 marks. 

The 17th of this king, the barons broke into the Jews' houses, riffled 
their coffers, and with the stone of their houses repaired the gates and 
walls of London. 


The following letter of the Rev. Thomas Peters may throw some 
light on the early beginnings of our country. It has never been printed 
(to our knowledge) before. Concerning its author we know very little, 
as he continued but a short time in New England, or, about six years. 
It would however be inferred from Farmer's Register, that he did not 
arrive in the country till 1646, which inference would be incorrect, as 
will appear by this article. The passage of Mr. Farmer concerning 
him was probably drawn from that book of Samuel Peters, " a work," 
in that careful author's language, " which it is hazardous to quote," 
and is as follows. " Thomas was a brother of Hugh Peters, was a 
minister in Cornwall, England, from whence he was driven by Sir 
Ralph Hopton in the time of the civil wars. He came to New Eng- 
land and commenced a settlement at Pequot River with John Win- 
throp [jr.] in 1646. He remained here but a short time, being called 
back to his people, to which he returned in 1647." 

When an individual has become a memorable point in history, whether 
from his good or bad fortune, or good or bad qualities, (by the present 
standard of men's judgments,) there is a natural desire to know some- 

1848.] Some Account of the Peters Family. 59 

tiling of his kindred or family. The course pursued by the Rev. Hugh 
Peters in aid of those opposed to the arbitrary rule of Charles the First, 
and the fate he met with at the restoration, place him among those 
conspicuous points in history. He came earlier to America than his 
brother, but continued here nearly an equal length of time. The 
family seat of the Peters appears to have been at Fowey, in Cornwall, 
and here Hugh was born, as probably were his brothers, if he had 
more than one. The family had long been of considerable note when 
Hugh came upon the stage, and as late as the time of Warhurton, one 
of the family attracted his attention by his literary productions. This 
was the Rev. Charles Peters, A. M., rector of Bratton-Clovelly, in 
Devon, and afterwards of St. Maybin, in Cornwall. To form an esti- 
mate of the literary abilities of this gentleman, we must look elsewhere 
than in the " Divine Legation." A historian of Cornwall, Dr. Polwhele, 
gives him a fine character, as well literary as moral. He was born in 
1691, and died in 1775, a. 84. 

Under 1646, Governor Winthrop mentions that " a plantation was 
begun at Pequod river, by Mr. John Winthrop, jr., Mr. Thomas 
P( ' r, a minister, (brother to Mr. [Hugh] Peter, of Salem.") And 
in a letter which Winthrop wrote to his son, dated, "Boston, 16(9)46," 
he says, The Rainbow went hence the 10th of this present with 80 pas- 
sengers, but Mr. Peters is resolved to go by Malago with Captain 
Hawkins. (The same Capt. Thomas Hawkins, probably, who arrived 
at Boston in October, 1646.) Hence it is fair to infer that Mr. Peters 
sailed for England towards the close of 1646, and from a passage in 
Dr. Trumbull's History of Connecticut there can be little or no doubt 
that he came over in 1639. The interesting passage from Trumbull is 
as follows. "About midsummer [1639,] Mr. George Fenwic/r, with 
his lady and family, arrived in a ship of 250 tons. Another ship came 
in company with him. They were both for Qninnipiack. Mr. Fenwick 
and others came over with a view to take possession of a large tract 
i the river, in behalf of their lordships, the original patentees, and 
to plant a town at the mouth of the river. A settlement was soon 
made and named Saybrook, in honor to their lordships, Say and Seal 
and Brook. J//*. FenuncJc, Mr. Thomas Peters,yrho was the first 
minister in the plantation, Capt. Gardiner, Tltom*/* Leffingwell, 
Thomas T, raei /, and ('apt. John Mason, were some of the principal 
planters. Lndeed the Huntinf/to)u<, liahlu:iii&^ [taynolds's, Backus' 8, 
Bliss* 8) Waterman*, Hides, Posts, Smiths, said almost all the names 

i prardfl found at Norwich were among the first inhabitants of 

Thomai P ' ■ >ly influenced t<> return t<> England from 

tip- circumsl in • ■ of the oonspicuousness "f his brother Hugh, who was 
or about this time at the senith of his popularity. Probably Capt. 
II i '.kins brought ever tli*- great and important news of the " death- 
blow :_ r i • royalty in the west of England," in the rignal <l<-f<-at at 
Torrington in Devonshire. It was there that Hugh, then chaplain to 
the Parliament's forces, exhorted them to exertion in the cause with 
Torrin irrendered to Gen, Pairfiu on the 17th of 

60 Some Account of the Peters Family. [Jan. 

February, 1646, and only one month previous Dartmouth had surren- 
dered under similar circumstances. Here too " the celebrated Hugh 
Peters " was equally conspicuous. Sir Thomas Fairfax having pre- 
pared to storm the place, Peters exhorted the soldiers in a manner and 
tone which ensured them to do their duty, and success crowned their 
arms at every point. 

We have given a much longer preface to our short letter than we 
had any idea of when we commenced it. There is no date to the letter, 
but it is pretty certain that it was written in 1646, and perhaps early 
in that year. A war was kept up between the Mohegans and Narra- 
gansets, and messengers were often passing from Boston to the Indians 
in Connecticut, and it is probable that this letter was brought to Boston 
by a messenger of that kind. 

It may be proper to add, that there seems to have been a relation- 
ship between the Peters and Winthrop families, other than that formed 
by the marriage of John Winthrop, jr. to Elizabeth, the daughter of 
Hugh Peters. Gov. Winthrop of Boston, writing to Ms son John of 
Connecticut, 26(8)46, mentions the arrival of Capt. Hawkins, " upon 
the last day of the week at evening, in a ship of 220 tons," and that, 
" there came no more in her but my sister, Peter." Again, he writes, 
7(9)48, (to his son,) " we have now received full and certain intelli- 
gence from England by Capt. Hawkin's ship, (God was pleased to 
change his voyage and send him to heaven by the way.)" In this 
letter he speaks of the news from the contending armies, and adds, in 
a sort of postscript, " My brother Peter took the Duke of Hamilton 

No attempt at explanation appears in Winthrop's history, where 
these letters first appeared in print, under the editorship of Mr. Savage. 
Perhaps he did not wish to commit himself by any conjecture ; but we 
plead ignorance and ask for information. Did Hugh Peters marry a 
sister of Gov. Winthrop ? Hugh Peters was at the taking of the Duke 
of Hamilton in Preston fight, and if Winthrop means him, the rumor 
that Peters " took the duke prisoner," proved unfounded ; and if he 
did not mean him, who did he mean ? That Peters was in the bloody 
battle at Preston there can be no question, and we are told by some, 
that he encouraged the men by his presence, mounted, and, with a 
drawn sword, inspired the soldiers to firmness. 

There is among the English Pedigrees, one of Peters, from which we 
take the following : 

The Lady Alice Pole, in the reign of Henry III., (1216—1272,) 
gave the manor and castle of Compton, in Devonshire, to one of the 
family of Peter, whose posterity afterwards took the name of the place. 
Another branch settled at Torr-Newton, in the adjacent parish of Torr- 
Brian, of which was 

John Peter, who lived in the reigns of Richard II. (1377, &c.) 
and Henry IV. (1399, &c.,) and who by his wife Alice, left issue, two 
I. John, his successor. 

1848.] Some Account of the Peters Family. 61 

II. NICHOLAS, who succeeded to his mother's estates at Bakebeare, 
in Dorsetshire, and Milton, in Hants, and was M. P. for Shaftes- 
bury, 28 Henry IV. (1450 ;) he d. s. p. 

John (I.,) the elder brother, inherited his father's estates in 
Devonshire, and left issue 

William, who it appears was 24 years of age in 1475, (14 Ed- 
ward IV.). At which time he came into possession of his 
father's estates, and also those of his uncle, who d., as before 
mentioned, 9. j>. He had issue 

I. Johv of Torr-Newton, who m. Alice, dau. of John Collins, Esq., 

of Woodlands, and was father of Sir William Peter, or Petre, 
principal Secretary of State in the reigns of Henry VIII.,* 
Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth, and ancestor of the Lords 
Petre of Writtle, in the co. of Essex. 

II. WiLLIAM, who succeeded to his father's estates in Dorsetshire and 

Hants, and further increased his patrimony by his marriage 
with Joan, only dau. and heiress of Sir Roger Arundel of Cal- 
woodly, co. Devon, by whom he had issue, three sons, 

I. Ro<;er, who d. vounir. 

II. WiLLIAM, who succeeded his father, and d. s. p., 37 Henry VII., 


III. John, of Bowlay, near Exeter, and was M. P. from that city, 

time Philip and Mary. He m. Wilmot. dau. of John Peter, 
Bs ;.. hifl cousin, of Torr-Newton, and sister of Sir William 
Peter, Secretary of State, and d. 1579, leaving a large family, 
among whom were 

I. Johv, who was a member of the first Parliament of Philip and 
Mary for Dartmouth, (the same Parliament in which his father 
was a member for Exeter,) but d. 8. p. in the lifetime of his 

n. Otho, who succeeded to the estates of his father in Devonshire, as 
well as to those of his mother's brother, John Peter, custumar of 
Exeter, in other lands possessed by him in the same county, and 
itcd at Bowh&y. Of this branch of the Peters family, 
is the present Earl Bathurst ofBowhay. There is in Exminster 
church near Exeter, a long latin inscription, commemorative of 
Ohio PETER, B8Q., which OTHO was father of the last male 
heir, who m. Frances, dau. of Thomas Sovthcote, Esq, 

III. THOMAS, to whom hifl father gave divers lands in Cornwall, (which 
lands had been acquired of William Peter, hifl grandfather, by 
marriage with Joan Arundel,) m. Agnes, dau. of Thomas 
lolphin, oi Gfodolphin, Esq., (by his 2d wife. dan. of the 
noble nonse of Granville,) and was succeeded by hifl eldesi son, 
Robert, who was bred a soldier, and served with distinction under 
Sir Edward Poyninga al Havre, and in the Low Countries. Ed 

* This kin;: ap p ointe d Sir William Peter one of the o r eneen <>f nil will, I 16 There 

is, in Prince'l IVorttiirx of Dcronshm, a bag and exceedingly iiit.n -,tin- lit' "f 8lr w 'I- Peter, knighi f the family, not much differing in import from this 

we give from Iiurke-. 

62 Some Account of the Peters Family. [Jan. 

the 13th Elizabeth he was M. P. for Fowey, in the 14th for 
Penryn, and in the 28th of the same reign, for Dartmouth. He 
m. Thomasine, dau. of John Kestell of Kestell, co. Cornwall, 
Esq., and left issue two sons, 

I. Henry, his heir, 

II. John, of Treverran, who m. Elizabeth, dau. of William Thorns, 

of Devonshire, 
Henry (the heir,) M. P. for Fowey, in the 1st Parliament of 
James I., m. in 1609, Deborah, dau. of John Treffrey, Esq. of 
Place, a lineal descendant of Sir John Treffrey, who for his 
gallant services in France, particularly at Crecy and Poictiers, 
was created Knt. Banneret by the Black Prince, and permitted 
by Edward III. to quarter the royal lilies of France alter- 
nately with the arms of his own family. This Henry Peter 
d. in 1619, leaving issue by his wife Deborah, 
Thomas, b. 1610, who m. in 1632, Elizabeth, only daughter and 
heiress of Henry Michell, Esq., of Harlyn, co. of Cornwall. 
Having been an active royalist in the civil wars between Charles 
and his Parliament, Thomas Peter was for a long time im- 
prisoned by Cromwell, but obtained his release on the 2d Feb., 
1653, through the influence of his maternal kinsman, the cel- 
ebrated Hugh Peters. He d. in 1675, leaving three sons and 
a dau., m. to Henry Vincent, Esq. The successor of Thomas 
Peter was his son Gregory, Esq., of Harlyn. 
The English genealogist here makes the following mystifying note, and 
in a confused manner, without intention probably, gives us the clue to 
the genealogy of Hugh Peters. 

" Hugh Peters was of a family which had been driven from Ant- 
werp on account of its religion. He was the s. of Thomas Dikewood 
Peters, a merchant of Fowey, by Martha, dau. of John Treffry, Esq., 
of Place. The name of Peters was first assumed by Thomas Dyke wood, 
the grandfather of Hugh." 

We will close our present account by a brief extract from the Life 
of Hugh Peters, by the Rev. Samuel Peters, LL. D., on the genealogy 
of the family, although it may be less satisfactory even than that we 
have already given ; but as he claims kindred to Hugh, and conse- 
quently to Thomas, we ought certainly to let him be heard. This is his 
account : 

" Mr. Hugh Peters was bom of a rich family, but was made poor 
by Archbishop Laud by fines in the star chamber court, for his non- 
conformity to the ceremonies of the Church of England ; and he glo- 
ried in his poverty, in his stripes, and imprisonment. The family of 
which he had his descent came from Normandv, with William the Con- 
queror, in 1066, and John Peters was knighted by Henry VIII., and 
his grandson, John, was created baron by James L, in 1603. 

" The genealogy of Lord Peters in the Herald's office, points out a 
curious circumstance respecting the mode of spelling the name. The 
name of the oldest son is wrote Petre ; the name of the second son, 

1848.] Some Account of the Peters Family. 63 

Petres; that of the third, Peter, that of the fourth, Peters, and the 
fifth is Petrie. William Peters was the fourth son of Sir John Pctre, 
Knt., of Exeter, in Devonshire. He m. Miss Elizabeth Treftry of 
Fowey, in Cornwall, a family of great antiquity, which yields not in 
gentility to any in Cornwall, and which resides in the same place and 
house to this day [1807]. Said William Peters was a merchant at 
Fowey, and had many sons and daughters by Elizabeth his wife. At 
present only three of these sons will be named. They became eminent 
puritan characters in Old and New England. William was the oldest 
son. Thomas, [the author of our letter,] and Hugh.'' 

It is said,* that while at Saybrook, Thomas Peters established a 
school, which eventually became the foundation of Yale College. The 
Rev. Samuel Peters, LL. D., from whose Life of Hugh we have here 
extracted, was descended from William, who settled near Boston in 
l'I : »4, and whose posterity have now become quite numerous in Connec- 
ticut. There are no descendants of Thomas in this country, but of 
Hugh there are, in the female line. We may hereafter give a regular 
genealogy of the descendants of William Peters. 


Y r letter to so vnworthy a creatur gaue no small refreshment, let these 
of mine testifie my reall and eordiall thanks. No man icyes [rejoices ?] 
mo r at y e iron mines* successe than myselfe who publish it as [a] very 
mercy of God in this nicke of times and help 6 [on] w th my prayers y* 
still it may psp [prosper] and answer y r and our desires. Sir, M r * ffen- 
wicke and his Lady present their due respects vnto you, giving thanks for 
the shoot instruments ; but her rabbets are most ded — not past two alive. 
Some vermine having devoured them. Neithr can I heare of any in these 
pts as yet. Nor will I cease to inquir. I humbly beseech you to inclose 
this to my brother to be sent safely to him by some friend of yors. For 
til this l^ th letter I haue sent him, and so to my wife, yet neuer could re- 
ceiue one sellable fro either. We heare of 2 Bristoll ships w th you. I 
feare their coing [coming] is not for good. The Lord guide y r counsells 
and give yo r hands full of zeale for his hono r - Wee haue death of our 
Indian friends in Xeantieot on oure side, slaine by the Naragantzets, and 
the death of English on tother side at Stamford, that calle for action ; for 
\\> and he doing fro BUch as a r in the Lords stead heare. Thee parlia- 
ments dilections* Draught most of Englands miseries on y M saints. Y ee 
Lord help y r spirits to be stirring betims. And with his owne spirit of 
power and wi.-do. Let my due service be tendred to y r godly yoakfellow, 
y r son and his and all y rs - To Mr. Cotton, Mr. Wilson and all theirs, and 

* Preface to a new edition of a History of Connecticut, by "Rev. Samuel Peters, LL.D 

t The "iron mines" here referred to were at Lynn ; they were DOt wrought at Brain- 

tree until the early part of 1698, though the lame company seems to have been Interested 

in both. Mr i is, in his Hittory of Lynn, cleared up this important and neglected 

r - • i Lynn; and we hope ere long an historian or Braintrec will d<. as mnch for 

the Iron Works of that place. Wt iHll engage U) help him, whoever he may be. 

| This word teems to be osed here more according to its old Latin signification, than to 
say meaning attached to it by either early or late English lexicographers. It i> pretty 
evident the writer thought too much charity had \><<n extended towards thi ad Ins 



The First Settlers of Barnstable, Ms. 


all my good friends in Boston. Begging y r and all their helping prayers 
to the throne of mercy. * 

Fro y r unworthy servant 

Tho: Peters. 


To the wor 11 his much honored 

freind John Winthrop 

Esquire at his house 

in Boston these 



Copied for publication from the original Records, by Mr. David Hamblen, of Boston, 
member of the New England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Anthony Annable, 
Abraham Blish, 
Thomas Shave, 
John Crocker, 
Dollar Davis, 
Henry Coxwel, 
William Bills, 
Robert Sherly, 
Thomas Hatch, 
John Cooper, 
Austin Bearse, 
William Crocker, 
Henry Bourn, 
Henry Coggin, 
Lawrence Litchfield, 


James Hamblin, 
James Cudworth, 
Thomas Hinckley, 
Isaac Robinson, 
Samuel Jackson, 
Thomas Allin, 
Mr. John Mayo, 
Mr. John Bursley, 
John Casly, 
William Casly, 
Robert Lynnel, 
Thomas Lathrop, 
Thomas Lombard, 
Mr. John Lathrop, 
John Hall, 

Henry Rowley, 
Isaac Wells, 
John Smith, 
George Lewes, 
Edward Fitzrandle, 
Bernard Lumbard, 
Roger Goddspeed, 
Henry Cob, 
Thomas Huckins, 
John Scudder, 
Samuel Mayo, 
Nathaniel Bacon, 
Richard Foxwell, 
Thomas Dimocke, 
Samuel Hinkley. 


Joseph Hollet, 
John Phinney, 
Gdd. Otis, 
Samuel Fuller, 

Nicholas Bonham, 
John Howland, 
Daniel Stewart, 
Thomas Ewer, 
John Serjant, 

Joseph Benjamin, 
Samuel Hicks, 
Edward Coleman, 
Samuel Norman. 


Anthony Annable m. 1st. Jane 

children, Sarah, Hannah. 

He m. 2d. Anna Clarke, March, 1645; children, Samuel, b. 22 Jan., 1646; 
Ezekiel, bapt. 29 April, 1649; Desire, b. Oct., 1653. Wife Jane d. ab. 
Dec, 1643. 

* We may possibly have mistaken some words in this letter, as it is altogether the most 
difficult specimen of old chirography we ever undertook to decipher, though our trials in 
this way have not been small. Not but that we have had worse MSS. to deal with, owing 
to their having been so long exposed to dampness, and become obscure in that way, but 
this letter of Peters is as fair and legible as it was the day he had his hand upon it. 

1848.] The First Settlers of Barnstable, Ms. 05 

Mr. THOMA8 ALLTN had B son Samuel, b. 1 Feb., 1643. 

Austh Biarse, children, Mary, b. 1640; Martha, 1642; Priscilla, 10 

March, 1643; Sarah, 28 March, 1646; Abigail, 18 Dec, 1647; Hannah, 
10 Nov., 1649; Joseph, 25 Jan., 1651; Hester, 2 Oct., 1053; Lydia, 
Sept., 1055 ; Rebekah, about Sept., 1057 ; James, July, 1660. 

Nn SOLAS Bonham m. Hannah Fuller, 1 Jan., 1058; children, Han- 
nah, 8 Oct., 1659 ; Mary, 4 Oct., 1001 ; Sarah, 10 Feb., 1G04. 

Joseph Benjamin m. Jemima Lombard, 10 June, 1G01. 

Nathaniel Bacon m. Hannah Mayo, 4 Dec, 1042; children, Han- 
nah, 4 Sept., 1043; Nathaniel, 5 July, 1045; Mary, 12 Aug., 1048; 
Samuel, 25 Feb., 1050; Elizabeth, 28 Jan., 1053; Jeremiah, 8 May, 
1657 ; Mercy, 28 Feb., 1051) ; John, June, 1661. (?) 

Cornelius Briggs m. Mehetable Annable, May, 1083. 

Thomas Bills m. Anna Twining, 3 October, 1072. 

William BabDEN m. Deborah Barker, July, 1000; children, Mercy, 
1 Nov., 1662; Deborah, 28 June, 1005; John, 17 March, 1007-8; Ste- 
phen, 15 April, 1009; Abraham, 14 May, 1074; Joseph, Sept., 1075; 
Anna, 26 Aug., 1077. 

Joseph Bookish m. Elizabeth Besse, June, 1074; children, John, 
Dec, 1075; Joseph, Oct., 1077; Mary, 1 March, 1070-80; Hannah, 
May, 1081; Benjamin, 20 July, 1083; Nathan, 27 Dec, 1085; Ebenezer, 
10 Mar., 1687-8; Elizabeth, 27 Aug., 1000; Rebecca, 22 Feb., 1002-3 ; 
Melitiah, 7 April, 1005; Robert, 10 Oct., 1008; Sarah, 20 Feb., 1700. 

Thomas BonRNAN m. Hannah Annable, 10 March, 1015; children, 
Hannah, May, 1646; Thomas, Sept., 1648; Samuel, July, 1651 ; Desire, 
May, 1654 : Mary, March, 1050; Mehitable, Sept., 1058; Tristram, Au- 
gust. 1661. 

John Babkeb m. Desire Annable, 1* Jan., 1070; children, John, 4 
May, 107*; Desire, 22 Sept., 1080; Anna, 20 August, 1682, d. 22 Nov., 
following; Anna, 1 Nov., 1G83. 

ABRAHAM BLI8H m. Anna, who d. 10 May, 1051 ; m. Hannah Barker, 
who d. 1'*' Feb., 1057; m. Alice Derbe, 4 Jan., 1658; children, Sarah, 2 
Dec, 1644 ; Joseph, 1 April, 1048; Abraham, 10 Oct., 1654 ABRAHAM 
- D.) d. 7 Sept., 1083. 

JOHN BURSLEY m. Elizabeth Ilowland, Dec, 1073; children, Elizabeth, 
Oct., 1674, d. Oct, 1075; Mercy, Oct., 1075, d. April, 1070; John, 1 
March. 1677-8; Mary, 23 May, 1679; Jabeze, 21 August, 1681; Joanna, 
29 Nov.. 1684 i Joseph, 29 Jan., 1686; Abigail 27 August, 1690; Eliza- 
beth, 5 August, 1692; Temperance, 3 Jan., 1695. 

Pi. ii.i: Blossom m. Sarah Bodfish, 21 June, 1668; children, Mercy, 
April, L664, d. 1670; Thomas, 2" Dec*, 1667; Sarah, 1669, d. 1671 ; 
Joseph, 1" D-, 1678; Thankful, 1075; Mercy, August, 1678; Jabeze, 
16 Feb., 168 l. Prter, d. July, 1706. 

Johi Barer m. Annan Annable, 11 Oct., 1000; children, Annah, 8 
Serf , 1697; Mercy, ].s August, 1699; John, 1 1 June, 1701 j Rebeckah, 
- Sept, 1704; Samuel, 7 Sept, 1706; Mary, 25 March, 1710; Mehitable, 
J May, 1712; Abigail, 1 Feb., 1713; .John, 1 Dee, 1716; Hannah, 21 
March, I7ia 

Thomas Bumpas m. Phebe Loral, Nov., 1679 ; children, Hannah, 
July, 1680; Jean, Dee, 1681; Mary, April, L688; Samuel Jan.. 16 
Thomas, May, Sarah, Jan., 1688; Elizabeth, Jan., 1690; Abigail, 

Benjamin, 27 March, 1708. 

Henri ( !ob m. Patience , who d I May, 1648; he m, 2d. 

Sarah Hinkley, 12 Dee, 1649; children, John, 7 June, 1632, at Plymouth; 

66 The First Settlers of Barnstable, Ms. [Jan. 

James, 14 Jan., 1634, at Plymouth; Mary, 24 March, 1637, at Scituate ; 
Hannah, 5 Oct., 1639, at Scituate; Patience, 15 March, 1641, at Barn- 
stable; Gershom, 10 Jan., 1644, id.; Eleazer, 30 March, 1648, w/.; Me- 
hitable, 1 Sept., 1651, d. 8 March, 1652; Samuel, 12 Oct., 1654, d. 7 Dec, 
1727, a. 73 ; Sarah, 15 Jan., 1658, d. 25 Jan., 1658 ; Jonathan, 10 April, 
1660; Sarah, 10 March, 1662-3; Henry, 3 Sept., 1665; Mehetable, 15 
Feb., 1667; Experience, 11 Sept., 1671. 

William Crocker m. Alice ; children, John, 1 May, 1637; 

Elizabeth, 22 Sept., 1639, d. May, 1658; Samuel, 3 July, 1642; Job, 9 
March, 1644; Josiah, 19 Sept., 1647; Eleazer, 21 July, 1650; Joseph, 

Increase Clap m. Elizabeth, wid. Nathaniel Goodspeed, Oct., 1675 ; 
children, John, Oct., 1676 ; Charity, March, 1677 ; Thomas, Jan., 1681, d. 
Jan., 1683 ; Thomas, Dec, 1684. ' 

Deac. Richard Child m. Elizabeth Crocker, who d. 15 Jan., 1706 ; 
children, Samuel, 6 Nov., 1679; Elizabeth, 23 Jan., 1681, d. in five weeks; 
Thomas, 10 Jan., 1682; Hannah, 22 Jan., 1684; Timothy, 22 Sept., 1686; 
Ebenezer, March, 1691 ; Elizabeth, 6 June, 1692 ; James, 6 Nov., 1694; 
Mercy, 7 May, 1697; Joseph, 5 March, 1699-1700; Thankful, 15 Aug., 

James Claghorn m. Abia Lumbard, 6 Jan., 1654; children, James, 
29 Jan., 1654; Mary, 26 Oct., 1655; Elizabeth, April, 1658; Sarah, 3 
Jan., 1659 ; Robert, 27 Oct., 1661 ; Shubael, n. d. 

John Chipman m. Hope , who d. 8 Jan., 1683 ; children, Hope, 

31 Aug., 1652; Lydia, 25 Dec, 1654; Hannah, 14 Jan., 1658; John, 2 
March, 1656-7, d. 29 May, 1657 ; Samuel, 15 April, 1661 ; Ruth, Dec, 
1663; Bethiah, 1 July, 1666; Mercy, 6 Feb., 1668; John, 3 March, 1670; 
Desire, 26 Feb., 1673. 

James Colman ; children, Edward, 25 Oct., 1695; Martha, 4 March, 
1698; Thankful, 7 Feb., 1699; a child, 6 July, 1702, d. 26 Feb, 1702; 
James, 11 April, 1704; John, 26 Sept., 1706; Patience, 6 May, 1709; 
Ebenezer, 15 Aug., 1711. 

John Clark m. Mary Benjamin, 16 Aug., 1695; children, John, 16 
Nov., 1697. 

Edward Crotvel m. Mary Lathrop, 16 Jan., 1673; children, Mary, 

16 March, 1674; a child, 14 March, 1676, d. 19 March, 1676; Yelverton, 

17 Feb., n. y.; Joseph, 1 March, ?i. y.; Benjamin, 14 April, n. y.; Bath- 
shua, 26 June, n. y., d. in spring, 1684; Edward, 6 June, 1685. 

Shobal Dimock m. Joanna Bursley, April, 1653 ; children, Thomas, 
April, 1654; John, January, 1656 ; Timothy, March, 1658 ; Shobal, Feb., 
1663; Joseph, Sept., 1665; Benjamin, March, 1670; Joanna, March, 
1672 ; Thankful, Nov., 1674. 

Daniel North m. Hannah ; children, Daniel, 21 Sept., 1716 ; 

Mary, 5 Jan., 1718 ; James, 10 Feb., 1720 ; John, 10 Jan., 1722-3; Han- 
nah, 3 April, 1725 ; Winfred, 7 Nov., 1727. 

John Dun m. Experience ; children, Dorothy, 15 Jan., 1716. 

Robert Davis; children, Deborah, Jan., 1645; Mary, May, 1648; 
Andrew, May, 1650; John, 1 March, 1652 ; Robert, Aug., 1654; Josiah, 
Sept., 1656; Hannah, Sept., 1658; Sarah, Oct., 1660. 

William Dexter m. Sarah Vinsen, July, 1653 ; children, Mary, Jan., 
1654; Stephen, May, 1657; Phillip, Sept., 1659; James, May, 1662; 
Thomas, July, 1665 ; John, Aug., 1668 ; Benjamin, Feb., 1670. 

William Dier m. Mary Tayler, Dec, 1686 ; children, Lydia, 30 
March, 1688; William, 30 Oct., 1690; Jonathan, Feb., 1692 ; Henry, 11 

1348.] Some old Local Laws and other Regulations. 67 

April, 1693; Isabel, July, 1095; Ebcnezer, 3 April, 1007; Samuel, 30 
Oct, 101)8; Judah, April, 1701. 

Thomas Eweb had by a first wife, Thomas, Dec, 1673; by a second, 
Elizabeth Lovel, whom he m. Oct., 1084 (who d. 20 March, 1712); 
Thomas, Jan., 1686; Shobal, 1090; John, Feb., 1092; Mehitable, Oct., 
1694, (1. Nov., 1694; Nathaniel, Nov., 1695; Jonathan, July, 1090, d. 
Nov , L696 ; Bezekiah, Sept., 1097 ; Thankful, Oct., 1701. 

Edward Fittsrandle; children, Hannah, April, 1649 ; Mary, May, 
1651 : John, 7 Oct., 1653; Joseph, 1 March, 1050; Thomas, 10 August, 
1059; Hope, 2 April, 1001. 

RlCHASD Foxwell ; children, Mary, 17 Aug., 1635; Martha, 24 
March, 1638 ; Ruth, 25 March, 1641. 

Samuel Fuller; children, Samuel, n. d. ; Thomas, 18 May, 1050; a 
child, 8 Feb., 1G58, d. 23 Feb., 1658 ; Sarah, 14 Dec, 1054. 

JOSEPH Foster; children, Joseph, 19 Sept., 1G98; Benjamin, 1G Nov., 

Capt. Jonx Goeiiam m. Desire , who d. 13 Oct., 1083; chil- 
dren, Desire, 2 April, 1044, at Plymouth; Temperance, 5 May, 1010, at 
Marshfield; Elizabeth, 2 April, 1018, id.; James, 28 April, 1050, id. ; 
John, 20 Feb., 1651, id. ; Joseph, 10 Feb., 1653, at Yarmouth; Jabez, 3 
Aug., 1050, at Barnstable; Mercy, 20 Jan., 1058, id.; Lydia, 11 Nov., 
1661, id. 

ROGER GoOdspeed m. Alice Layton, Dec, 1G41; children, Nathaniel, 
6 0*t.. 1642; John, June. 10 15; Mary, July, 1017; Benjamin, 6 May, 
1649; Ruth, 10 April, 1052; Ebenezer, Dec.. 1655; Elizabeth, 1 May, 

SAMUEL GREEN; children, Hannah, 28 March, 1716. 

[To be continued.] 


[Extracted from a u History of the Town of Shrewsbury, Ms.," &c. By Andrew II. 
"Ward. Btq n member of the X. Eng. Hist Genealogical Society.] 

It was the practice in many towns, and in some to a recent period, u to 
the m ttting-house." This waa usually done once a year by a commit- 
tee chosen for thai purpose. 

Individuals were not pew or seat owners ; the house belonged to the 
town ; tlio committee adopted rules lor their government, and in perform- 
ance of their duty, directed in what scats or pews certain persons should 
<ir when attending public worship; and, in some instances, affixed penalties 
i!' any sal in other seats than those allotted to them. It does not appear of 
rd that that practice ever existed here. Children did not generally -it 
with their parents in church, l>ut on low side-seats in the aisles, as near 
them n emu nee would admit. 

S I and vigilant person was also chosen to have inspection of the 

audience daring the public exercises His frequent round- kepi the little 
urchins in order; the badge of his office was a pole with a knob on the one 
end. and a tuft of feathers at the other; with the one he rapped tli<' men's 
beads, and with the other he brushed the ladies' faces, when he caught them 

U is said r of this kind waa oner rebuked for rapping the head 


Some old Local Laivs and other Regulations, [Jan. 

of a nodding man, whose face lie did not see, under a belief that he was 
drowsing, when, in fact, he was only nodding assent to the preacher's 

All towns were by law required to be provided with stocks,* and a 

* The earliest notice we have met with of the introduction of this instrument, is in 147fi, 
in London, during the mayoralty of Rauf Josselyn, according to Mainland, but according 
to the same author, in another place, it was in the time of the mayoralty of Sir William 
Hampton four years earlier, when, it is said, he caused stocks to be erected in every ward 
of the city, for the more effectual punishment of strollers. 

This doesnot appear to be the time of their first introduction, for under this date (1472), 
it is mentioned, that there were " but one pair of stocks in London, and those at the 
market from which it deriues its name." Hence that noted market took its name from the 
stocks kept at that place for the punishment of criminals. That a market should be kept 
at such a noted point, is very easy to conceive, for, when an unfortunate wight was placed 
in the machine, a great concourse of people assembled about it, and then a chance offered 
for traffic in all sorts of movables. 

Hence a market about the stocks is of much higher antiquity than any building after- 
wards denominated a market. And according to Stow (Survey of London), the origin of 
the Stocks must date much earlier than the year 1282, who says, in that year, Henry Wales 
being mayor, ordered a house, which was near by " where sometime had stood a pair of 
Stocks, to be a market place for fish and flesh in the midst of the city." 

It is unnecessary to describe the stocks, after the above accurate representation has been 
given, but that produced by Hudibras may be a relief to some of our readers. It will only 
be necessary to imagine a culprit with a cord about him, led by the " proper authorities," 

tow'd him, if he lagg'd behind, 

Like boat against the tide and wind, 

Thus grave and solemn they march on, 

Until quite thro' the town th' had gone ; 

At farther end of which there stands 

An ancient castle, that commands 

Th' adjacent parts ; in all the fabrick 

You shall not see one stone nor a brick, 

But all of wood, by pow'rful spell 

Of magic made impregnable : 

There's neither iron bar nor gate, 

Portcullis, chain, nor bolt, nor grate ; 

And yet men durance there abide, 

In dungeon scarce three inches wide ; 

With roof so low, that under it 

They never stand, but lie or sit, 

And yet so foul, that whoso is in, 

Is to the middle-leg in prison ; 

In circle magical confin'd, 

With walls of subtle air and wind, 

Which none are able to break thorough, 

Until they're freed by head of borough. — Ed. 

1848.] Some old Local Laws and other Regulations. GO 

id/ipping-post. These were so lately appendages of a meeting-house, as 
to be within the recollection of many now living. 

The Stocks wafl a wooden frame of small timher, that could be opened 
and shut, wherein persons disorderly on Sabbath or town-meetings, were 
wont to be confined daring meeting, as a punishment for misbehaviour. 

Tradition Bays, the person who made the stocks for this town, was the 
first one required to occupy them, and received payment for them in the 
remittance of a fine that accrued to the town for his offence. 

By an ancient colonial law, a penalty of forty shillings attached to every 
town, by way of fine, that was two months at one time not provided with a 
drum. Drums were employed before bells came into use, for the purpose 
of drumming people out to meeting on the Sabbath, no less than to alarm 
and rally them at all times on the appearance of the savage foe. Careful 
management on the part of him who beat it, was necessary on the Sabbath, 
that the people might not mistake the drum-ecclesiastic for the drum- 

Tobacco was easily cultivated by our ancestors, and considered by them 
Mtial to their health and comfort. 

Many can yet remember when every farmer had his tobacco-yard as 
well as his corn-field ; the former received quite as much of his attention 
■fl tlie latter. Jt was to him physic in sickness, and food and comfort at all 
times. Tobacco, no less than other rations, was drawn by soldiers in the 
publi<- service. 

Nevertheless, it ^e.•ms the use of it was early abused; for, in 1G40, it 
enacted, "that if any persona take tobacco, whilst they are empannelled 
upon a jury, to forfeit fixe shillings for every default, except they have 
given their verdict, or are not to give it until the next day." And, in 1646, 
that " whereas there is great abuse in taking tobacco, in very unciuil man- 
ner, in the streets, if any person or persons shall be found or seen here- 
after taking tobacco publicly in the open streets of any town, unless it be 
soldiers in time of their training, every such person or persons so offending, 
shall forfeit and pay to the town's use, for the first default, twelve pence ; 
for the second, two shillings ; and for every such default afterwards, two 
shillings. And it shall be lawful for the constable of every township, with- 
out farther warrant, upon sight or information thereof, to distrain his or 
their goods for it, as do refuse to pay it upon his demand/' 

This law, like all others of a sumptuary kind, it would seem, was but 
little regarded ; for, in 1669, it was u enacted by the court, that any person 
or persons who -hall be found smoking tobacco, on the Lords-day, going or 
coming from the meetings, within two miles of the meetinghouse, shall pay 
twelve pence for such default, to the colony's use." " Soldiers, while in 
arms, are dispensed with to smoke in the field." 

• author shrewdly remarks, in closing, that the enactment against 
smoking within two miles of the meeting-house^ was soon construed to have 
no bearing on such as had a mind to smoke in t/ir me etmg'houss .'] That 
tic loud mapping of their tobacco-boxes, after loading their pipes, and the 
clinking of the Hint and steel, was soon followed by curling wreaths of the 
delicious co mfort er, which, rising from different quarters, soon pervaded the 

DOUSe. All enjoyed the perfume, although all did not join in making it. 

70 The Old Graveyard. [Jan. 


[The following article we copy from the " Sons of Temperance," of 17 July, 1847, pub- 
lished at Middletown, Ct.] 

In our young but precocious country, where every score of years has 
done the work of centuries, we have already many sacred relics and 
venerable antiquities. Changes and events prolong its brief history, 
and though few of its towns number more than two hundred years, yet 
their early times are filled with patriarchal interest, and the light of 
their other days shines softened by the enchantment of distance. 
Recalled to the colonial era by the voice of tradition and the impulse of 
piety, we hover around the chaste firesides of our fathers, survey their 
sober worship, and smile respectfully on their rigorous virtues. Every 
year adds to the charm of those distant periods ; the antiquarian 
haunts with increasing relish their dim scenes, joins the hardly discov- 
ered links of ancient pedigree, and hoards the dusty relics of that 
golden age. And as with growing wealth, leisure and refinement are 
more diffused, the hearts of the multitude open to the increasing taste, 
and admit with pleasure whatever illustrates the times and manners of 
their forefathers. 

Nothing is more characteristic of the early state of New England 
than the old graveyards which solemnize her ancient towns. Their 
monuments, epitaphs, and decorations show at once the prevalence of 
religion, the backwardness of taste, and the poverty of the times. The 
number of buried octogenarians attests the steady habits and salubrious 
clime ; while the superior funeral state of the ministers and the deacons 
bears witness to the social importance of those dignitaries of the church. 

Among these honored abodes of the dead, none has more interest to 
the traveller of sentiment, than the old graveyard in Middletown. 

The first settlement in this town was in 1650, though there are no 
monuments to be found earlier than about 1680. The old graveyard 
lies in the northern part of the city, on the bank of the Connecticut. It 
is terraced down towards the stream, leaving just room, outside the 
high wall which protects it from the freshets of the spring, for an 
unfrequented road. The river here is broad, and turning abruptly about 
half a mile below, sweeps away to the east in a graceful and majestic 
curve. Its current above is divided by an island that bends in a verdant 
crescent towards the further shore, while just beyond on the left a large 
tributary enters, spanned at its mouth by a picturesque bridge. On 
the opposite shore of the river rise gently the green slopes and long 
pleasant village of Portland, enriched by extensive quarries, whose 
distant echoes ring and resound, mellowed to the ear. 

Among the first objects that attract the eye upon entering is the 
simple monument of Com. Thomas McDonough, who was a resident of 
this place, and whose wife and kin lie around his tomb. 

There are but few modern graves in this yard ; the space is mostly 
occupied by those who were laid here before the Revolution, and on 
every side long rows of sombre sandstones treasure the memories of good 

1848.] The Old Graveyard. 71 

wives and dear children and exemplary deacons. As one wanders 
among them, he smiles reverentially to see the platoons of amorphous 
angels that grin and stare from the headstones carved in every variety 
of ugliness. And at every corner strange, uncouth epitaphs excite 
mirth that he cannot suppress. And yet, amid the inconsistency of 
merriment in such a place, he does not forget the reverence due to the 
stern and virtuous race whose tributes of grief have thus become jests 
in these modern times. We insert some of the most quaint and amus- 
ing inscriptions, retaining the original orthography in all cases except 
the first, which is copied from a book and not from the stone itself. 

" Here 's a cedar tall, gently wafted o'er 
From Great Britain's isle to this western shore, 
Near fifty years erossing the ocean wide, 
Vet 'a anchored in the grave from storm or tide, 
Yet remember the body only here, 
His blessed soul fixed in a higher sphere. 
Here lies the body of Giles Hamlin, Esq. aged 67 years, who departed this 
life the first day of September, a. d. 1689." 

The seafarer here commemorated was not only an important man 
himself, but the ancestor of an exceedingly respectable family, who for 
some generations filled honorable places in society and state. 

The epitaph of Dr. John Osborne, a man of talent and standing in 
; is lay, is too equivocal. It would almost seem to imply censure and 
reproach if tombstones ever spoke any thing but praise. It is as 
follows : 

" Here is interred the mortal remains of Doctr. John Osborne. Ask noth- 
ing further, traveller, nothing better ean be said, nor nothing shorter. 
O. B. 31st May 1753, M 40. 
Life how short, Eternity how long." 

There is nothing equivocal about the next, except the metre. 

" Here lyeth the body John Hall, aged LXXV yean. Departed this life 

Ianvary the XXII 1694. 
Here lyea ovr Deacon Hall 
Who Btvdyed Peace with all, 
Waa upright in \\\> life, 
Vbyd af malignant strife ; 
(ion to bia rest, left ve in sorrow, 
DoYDtlefl his good works will him follow." 

A- usual, many of the gravestones speak morality and announce 

serious truths. One of 17-)7 says: 

" You are hut dust 
And dye youc miiM." 

Another of tie- HtfTlf date : 

" A- you are - i W i - ire 
\ w are yon mutt be." 

72 The Old Graveyard. [Jan. 

Another of 1776 : 

" Let youth to their Creator give 
Their first and golden years 
Too oft in groans and raging pain 
Death suddenly appears." 

Another of 1766 : 

"Behold And See as You Pass by, 
As You are Now so Once was I ; 
As I am Now so must you be, 
Prepare to die and follow me." 

Another says : 

" Death walking in the Dark 
Takes away the Shining Mark." 

Another with more beauty of expression : 

" E'er Life's mid Stage we tread 
Few know so many Friends alive as dead." 

Capt. John Loveland, who died in 1776, thus addresses his offspring : 

" My children and Grandchildren all 
Death here to you aloud doth call ; 
Your earthly father is now dead, 
And you 're survivors in his stead. 
Remember you must die also, 
And to the dust must shortly go ; 
See then you walk in wisdom's road 
Till you 're prepared to dwell with God." 

In one corner of the yard is an humble gravestone with this simple 
inscription : 

" FILLIS, Wife of Cuff. Negro, who died May the 26th, 1760." 

Another equally humble, is more interesting. It is an unhewn block 
or boulder of sandstone rolled to the head of a grave, and coarsely 
carved with the following words : 



Tradition tells that the old man who lies there was a stranger and 
died in this place ; that after a time a pious friend came and with his 
own hand carved the rude stone, and, having placed it over the dead, 
silently departed and went his way. 

The virtues of women are worthy the praise of tombstones. Mrs. 
Abigail Hubbard, who died in 1735, is thus described : 

1848.] The Old Graveyard. 73 

" Pious, Kind & Good, 

Lov'd by all Near, 
Usefull on Earth, 
To Heaven dear, 
Was she whose dust 

Lyes buried here." 

The survivors of Mrs. Elizabeth Kent, who died in 174G, thus con- 
sole themselves : 

" Altho' while here she's Vertuous 
In heart and life, yet go she must, 
But rise again up with the Just." 

Those of Mrs. Lydia Bull do the same with equal reason but worse 
grammar. She died in 1772, and was buried with her infant. 

" Beneath this stone death's prisoners lies. 
The stone shall move, the prisoners rise, 
When Jesus with almighty word, 
Calls his dead saints to meet their Lord." 

The mode of consolation is uniform. Martha Moore left the same 
hopes behind her. 

u the Body's here at ease 
and quiet rest, 
the Soul is gone, we 
hope among the blest." 

But the widower of Mrs. John Bacon had other than spiritual conso- 
lations. Hear the language of her gravestone. 

" Sarah the Wife of John Bacon lyes here 
Who dyed being aged but 31 years 
Who has lying by her six children deare 
And two she has left her husband to cheer." 

The next ifl an inscription which shows the state of orthography in 
the ancient colony of Connecticut : 







21 AM) DIED 

I KM! WARY 8. 

Tin.' wires of Connecticut w.t<- always famous for domestic virtu 
Doubtless the following epitaphs do not flatter. On Mrs. Desire Ely, 

who died in 1768 — 


74 The Old Graveyard. [Jan. 

" A Loving Wife & Tender Mother 
Left this Base World to Enjoy the other." 

On Mrs. Harris who died in 1723 — 

" Here lies one dead, Which in her Life, 
Was ray loveing, pious wife." 

And on Mrs. Stanclift who died " Desember" 30th, 1712 — 

" Here lyes one bereaved of life, 
She was a tender mother and a loving wife." 

Mr. John Codner's wife died in 1741, and is described as " a Peace- 
able and Loueing Wife to Mr. John Codner," who adds by way of 
epitaph : 

" Although this Body is 
Confined in the dust, 
I hope her soul is 
Free among the Just." 

But little children are the favorite subjects of funeral verse, and 
Poetry always soothes the bereaved. Witness the following on an 
infant : 

" Farewell dear babe, our hearts too much Content ; 
Farewell sweet babe, the pleasure of our Eye ; 
Farewell fair flower, who for a space was Lent ; 
Then taken away into Eternity." 

And this on a little boy who died in 1735 : 

" This Lovly pleasant Child, 
He was our only one, 
Altho we have buryed three before, 
Two Daughters and a Son. 

God grant us grace with Job to say ; 
The Lord doth give and take away, 
And Blessed be his Name for aye." 

This is touching, though ludicrous, and the parents might well need 
the spirit of resignation breathed in the three last lines. 
The next is more artless. It is on a child of five years. 

" Tn memory of This Letle Youth 
Wich we Hope Did kno' the truth." 

Nothing can be said in favor of the following rhyme, though the 
sentiment is good. 

" Among the just we 
hope the Soul 
of this Sweet babe 
is Sure Enrold." 

1848.] The Old Graveyard. 75 

The next is on Abigail Starr, who, according to her gravestone, was 
" 1 year & 8 ours " old. 

" Sleep Lovely Babe & Take thy Peaceful rest, 
God cald the home because he thought it best." 

Another on a girl of two years : 

" Under these clods of clay 
and Dust doth lye 
A pleasant plant 
gone to Eternity." 

Here is an inscription entire, but not perfect. 

" Here lieth 2 children of Mr. John Collens which were twins." 

And here is one upon the centre stone of a group of little brothers 
and sisters : 

" Sleep lovely Children by 
each other 
Till Christ shall call you 
all together." 

After one has done smiling at these grotesque relics of former days, 
let him sigh at the real griefs that so vented themselves. The mourned 
and the mourners are now alike forgotten ; of their descendants many 
have left forever the seats of their fathers, and such as still dwell here 
are too remote to cherish peculiar veneration for those who died so long 
Nevertheless, while here, they and their contemporaries owned 
the earth which we inherit, and no generation can feel too warmly the 
sympathy which binds it to those which have gone before. Slight is 
the barrier between the living and the dead, and speedily is it passed. 
The world still changes and we shall be as strange to the people that 
follow as we are strangers to those that went before. 

If we would be honored in our graves by the respect and deference 
of later times, we too must honor the former dead, and protect their 
memorials from the tooth of decay. Brambles and weeds should be 
expelled from their beds of earth ; the letters of their epitaphs should 
1 ■ retraced; the totteri nea reset; and pleasant trees planted 

around to repel the uncongenial glare, and to attract with their welcome 
Bhade the carol- of the birds and the footsteps of mankind. !•]. S. 

Will-wtth-a-whisp, or Ja< k-i\- \- L \ n i n< n;\. a certain meteor or 
clammy vapour in the air, which reflects light in the dark ; commonly 
haunting church-yards, Pens; and privies', as streaming but of .■" fal soil. It 
Also flies about river-, hedges, &c, where there is :i continual flux of air, 
and leads those that imprudently follow if. quite out of their fray. 

riiilli/is S- Kersiey. 


Records of Boston. 



In the present number, we commence the important work of print- 
ing the earliest account upon record of the Births and Deaths in the 
city of Boston. But though our article is headed simply " Records 
of Boston," yet, as will be seen, these records embrace not only 
Boston, properly so called, but all the towns in its vicinity ; — thus 
giving them a claim to the first place in our work, among those of the 
old towns of New England. 

It has been thought best, at least for the present, to give an exact 
copy of the Records, without any abridgment or variation ; and, that 
we have given a faithful copy, so far as we have gone, we need only to 
inform our readers, that the copy from which we print was made by 
Mr. David Pulsifer, a member of the N. E. H., Genealogical Soc, 
from the original. 

A register of the Births and Deaths in Boston from the yeare 1630 vntill 
the first of the first month 1644. 

Lidia Amadowne daughter to Roger Amadowne & Sarah Amadotcne. 
his wife was borne the 27° of the 2° month 1643. 

Edward Aspinwall the sonne of W m * Aspinwall & Eliza- Aspinwall. 
beth his wife was borne the 26° of the 7° month 1630 & 
dyed the 10 th of the 8° month 1630. 

Hannah the Daughter of W m & Elisabeth Aspinwall was 
borne the 25° of the 10 th month 1631. 

Elizabeth the Daughter of W m - & Elisabeth Aspinwall 
was borne the 30 th of the 7° month 1633. 

Samuel the sonne of W m# & Elisabeth Aspinwall was 
borne the 30 th of the 7° month 1635. 

Ethlan the sonne of W m - & Elisabeth Aspinwall was 
borne the 1° of the 1° month 1636. 

Dorcas the daughter of W m - & Elisabeth Aspinwall was 
borne the 14° of the 12° month 1639. 

Elisha the sonne of John Odlin & Margared his wife was 
borne 1 of the 5° month 1640. See Odlin. 

Elizabeth the daughter of Miles & Mary Awkley was Awkley. 

borne the anno Dni 1635. 

Miles Awkley the sonne of Miles & Mary Awkley was 
borne 1° of 2° month 1638. 

John Balden sonne of Georg Balden & Anna his wife Balden. 

was borne 25° of the 8° month 1639. & dyed the 6° month 

Nathaniel Baker the sonne of ffrancis Baker & Isabel his Baker. 

wife was borne the 27° of the 1° month 1642. 

W m - Barrell dyed the 20° of the 6° month 1639. Barrel!. 

George Barrell dyed the ii th of the 7° month 1643. 

Mary the daughter of Nicholas & Anne Baxter borne the Baxter. 

12° month 1639. 

Anne the Daughter of W m - Beamsley & Anne his wife Beamsley. 
was borne the 13° of the 12° month 1632. 


Records of Boston. 


Grace the daughter of W m * Beamsley & Anne his wife 
was borne the 10° of the 7° m°- 1G35. 

Mercie the sonne of W m# Beamsley & Anne his wife was 
borne the 9 (10°) 1637. 

Samuel the sonne of W 11 * Beamsley & Anne his wife was 
borne the 31° (10°) 1640 & dyed the 2° month 1641. 

Habbakuk the sonne of W m> Beamsley & Anne his wife 
was borne the 31° (10°) 1640 & dyed the 2° mo: 1641. 

Ephraim the sonne of Alexand r Beck & Elizabeth his 
wife was borne 1° (4°) 1640. 

Deliverance Beck borne the 1° (4°) 1640. 

Strange Beck borne the 1° (4°) 1640. 

Mary the wife of Alexander Beck dyed 2° (3°) 1639. 

John Bell the sonne of Thomas Bell was borne & dyed, 
the 24°: (6°) 1638: 

Joan daughter of Thomas Bell was borne & dyed 4° (1°) 

Alexander Bakers children see after. 

Tabitha the daughter of Tho: Bell was borne the 24° (1°) 

Thomas the sonne of Tho: Bell was borne the 3° (6°) 

ffree Grace sonne of Edw: & Anne Bendall was borne 
the 30° of the 7° month 1636. 

Anne the wife of Edw: Bendall dyed 25° (10°) 1637. 

Reform the sonne of Edw: Bendall & Marah his wife was 
borne 18° (8°) 1639. 

Hopefor the sonne of Edw: Bendall & Marah his wife 
was borne the 7° (8°) 1641. 

John Bill Dyed the 10° month 1638. 

Sarah the daughter of Nathaniel Bishop & Alice his wife 
was borne 20° (1°) 1634. 

Ruth daughter of Nathaniel Bishop & Alice his wife was 
borne 14° (2°) 1639. 

Joseph sonne of Nathaniel Bishopp & Alice his wife was 
borne 14° (5°) 1612. 

Joseph Blanchard Dyed in the 10° month 1637. 

Nehemiah sonne of Nehemiah Bourne & Hanna his wife 
irai borne 10° (4°) 1640. 

Hannah daughter of Nehemiah Bourne & Hannah his 
wife wm borne 10" (T) 1641. 

Elisabeth daughter of Zaccheni Bosworth & Anne his 
wife wat bone W (~> n ) 1640. 

Samuel sonne of Zaoeheus Bosworth & Anne his wife 
Wai borne 4° (1°) 1641. 

Hannah daoght' of W* Briggl borne & buried 28° (6°) 


DameD Briaeo sonne ofW^Briaoo Dyed the (3° m°) 

Thomas sonne of ('.<■<, vj>- I'urden & Anne his Wife wai 

borne A buried r (2 | 1687. 
Eliaha tonne of Georg Borden A Anne hi> wife n 

borne the 4° (12°) 1688. 










Records of Boston. 


Ezekiel sonne of Georg Burden & Anne his wife borne 
28° (1°) 1641. 

Joseph & Benjamin the sonnes of Georg Burden & Anne 
his wife borne 1° (2°) 1G43 & Dyed in the 2° m°: 1643. 

Thomas sonne of Thomas Buttolph & Anne his wife Buttolph. 

borne 12° (6°) 1637. 

John sonne of Thorn: Buttolph & Anne his wife was 
borne 28° (12°) 1G39. 

Abigail daughf of Tho: Buttolph & Anne his wife was 
borne 18° (12°) 1642. 

Grace Button the wife of John Button Dyed 9° (1°) 1638. Button. 

Mary daughter to Richard & Anne Carter was borne 3° Carter. 

(5°) 1641. 

Sarah daughf to John & Joan Cole borne 15° (11°) Cole. 


John the son of John & Joan Cole borne 17 (9) 1643. 

John Cooke Dyed the 3° mo. 1643. Cooke. 

Elhanan sonne of Rich: Cooke & Elisabeth his wife 
borne 30° (4°) 1636. & Dyed Nov: 1636. 

Elisha sonne of Rich: Cooke & Elisabeth his wife borne 
16° (7°) 1637. 

Elkanah sonne of Rich: Cooke & Elisab: his wife was 
borne 14° (2°) 1641. 

Joseph sonne of Rich: Cooke & Elisab: his wife was 
borne 1° (3°) 1642. 

Annah the daughter of John Coggan borne 7° (9°) 1636 Coggan. 

Lidia borne 14° (5°) 1639. 

Jonathan sonne of W m * Copp & Goodith his wife was Copp. 

borne 23° (6°) 1640. 

Rebecca daughter of W m * Cop & Goodith his wife was 
borne 6° (3°) 1641. 

Ruth y e daugt r of W ra - Copp borne. 24° (9°) 1643. 

Seaborne sonne of John Cotto & Sarah his wife was Cotton. 

borne 12° (6°) 1633. 

Sarahiah daughter of John Cotton & Sarah his wife was 
borne 12° (7°) 1635. 

Elisabeth daughter of John Cotton & Sarah his wife was 
borne 9° (10°) 1637. 

John sonne of John Cotton & Sarah his wife was borne 
15° (1°) 1639. 

Mariah daughter of John Cotton & Sarah his wife was 
borne 16° (12°) 1641. 

Cornelius Clark sonne of Thomas Clarke was borne in Clark. 

the 10 th mo. 1639. 

Jacob sonne of Thomas Clark was borne in the 3° mo: 

Deliverance Courser daught r to W m * Courser borne 4° Courser. 

(1°) 1638. 

Joannah daught T of W m - Courser was borne 9° (12°) 1639. 

John sonne of W ,n - Courser was borne 8° (3°) 1642. 

John Crabtree the sonne of John Crabtree & Alice his Crabtre 

wife was borne 25° (8°) 1639. 

Deliverance daughf of John Crabtree & Alice his wife 
was borne 3° (7°) 1641. & dyed in the (4°) month 1643 


Records of Boston. 


John Cramwell Dyed Anno 1680. 

Samuel Croycley Bonne of Richard Croychley & Alice 
his wife was borne*25 (10°) 1640. 

Joseph sonne of Rich: Croychley & Alice his wife was 
borne 3° (3°) 1643. 

Thomas sonne of W" 1, Davies & Mary his wife borne 15° 
(1°) 1G3G & Dyed 24° (5') 1638. 

Aaron sonne of W m - Davies & Mary his wife borne 20 
(5°) 1638. & Dyed tin- 31° (8°) 1639. 

Trine sonne of W m - Davies & Mary his wife borne 10° 
(0°) 1642. 

Abigail Daughter of AV™- Davies & Mary his wife borne 
31° (8) 1635 & Dyed 24° (12°) 1639. 

Thomas sonne of W m - Davies Dyed in the 5° mo: 1G38. 

John sonne of W m - Davies Dyed 20° (1°) 1640. 

Jacob sonne of James Davies & Joanna his wife borne 
11° (5°) 1639. 

Josebeth daughter of James Davies & Joanna his wife 
borne 20" (6°) 1642. 

Sarah daughter of Edmund Dennis & Sarah his wife 
borne the 6° month 1640. 

Mary daughter of Edmund Dennis & Sarah his wife 
borne the 1 " month 1642. 

Thomas sonne of Dineley borne 0° (11°) 1635. 

Abigail daughter of Dineley borne in the 10° 

mo: 1637. 

flathergone sonne of Dinely borne 25° (10°) 1,638. 

Elisabeth daughter of ffrancis Douse & Katherine his 
wife horn.- 20° . 6 i 1,642. 

Jone the daughter of Tho: & Anne Dutchfield borne & 
buried (5) 1644. 

Pdethumus the son of Tho: & Anne Dutchfield borne (G) 

Thomas Dutchfield buried 24 (2) 1645. 

B ini'l sonne of ffrancis Bast ^v Mary his wife borne 11° 
(1°) 1'' 

II iry daughter of ffrancis East & Mary his wife borne 

Eleaser sonne of Nathaniel Eaton & Elisabeth his wife 
borne 22* (7 ) L636. 

Nathaniel sonne of Nathaniel Eaton & Elizabeth his wife 
borne 31 ' (6 ) L639. 

Elisabeth daughter of Nathaniel Eaton & Elizabeth bis 
n l.; (8°) L643. 
ob soni ' icob Eliol borne 16° (10°) 1632. 

.!i sonn< Jacob Eliol born- 28° (10°) 1 6jS I. 

II of Jacob Eliol born I L°) 1636. 

A igail daught 1 of Jacob Eliol borne 7 (2 | L639. 
annah daught' of Jacob Eliol borne 22 (5 ) L641. 

Hannah daughter of Madid English & Joan hi.~> wife 
born-' 1 I I 

EHsabetfa daught' of Daniel ffairefield & Elisabeth his 
wife borne • L640. 

Miry daught 1 of Daniel ffairefield buried ■> month U 










{I'aui field. 

80 Capen Family Record. [Jan. 

Mary daught r of Daniel ffairefield & Elizabeth his wife 
borne 7° (5°) 1643. 

John fFairewether sonne of Thomas fFairewether & Mary ffairewether. 
his wife borne in the 8° month: 1634. 

Mary daughf of Thomas fFairewether & Mary his wife 
borne in the 9° month 1636 & Dyed in the 9° month 1638. 

Thomas fFairewether sonne of Thomas flaireweth — & 
Mary his wife dyed in the (6°) month 1638. 

Deborah daughter of Gabriel ffish & Elisabeth his wife ffish. 

was borne 20° (10°) 1642. 

[To be continued in our next.] 


[The following record was extracted from a leaf in an old New Testament, printed in 
London, 1615, by Robert Barker, Englished by L. Tomson. The copy was made in fac 
simile by Jacob H. Loud, Esq., of Plymouth, corresponding member of the Society, who 
remarks that said Testament is not in the hands of any. of the Capens. A small portion 
of the record is torn off and lost. In it are written the names o.' " Preserved Capenf 
"John Capen his book, 1658," "John Capen, 1688," " John Capen, 1701." ] 

Barnard Capen maryed Joan y e dafter of Oliuer Purchis, y* yeer of o r 
Lord, 1596, on munday, in whitson week, & dyed y e 8 of Nouember, 1638, 
aged 76. 

Joan Capen y e daughter of Oleuer Purchis dyed y e 26 of March, 1653, 
y e night before, aged 75 yeers. 

Ruth Capen y e dafter of Barnard Capen was born y e 7 August, 1600. 

Susana Capen y e dafter of Barnard was born y e 11 of April, 1 602. She 
dyed y e 13 Nouember, 1666. 

John Capen y e son of Barnard Capen, born y e 26 of January, in y* yeer 
of o r Lord, 1612. 

John Capen maryed Redegon Clap his first wif the 20 of October, 1637, 
& dyed y e 10 of Decembe 45. 

Joanna Capen y e dafter of John Capen y e 31 October 38, & dyed y e 19 
of y e same month 38. 

John Capen y e son of John Capen born y e 21 Octo 39. 

John Capen marryed Mary Bass y e 20 Sept 47. 

Samuell Capen y e son of John Capen born y e 29 July 48, & baptized at 
Brantry, being born ther. 

Barnard y e son of John Capen born y e 24 March, 1650, & dyed y e 2 of 
May 91, of y e small pox. 

dafter of John Capen born y e 6 July 52. 
of John Capen born y e 17 No 54. 
[torn off] of John Capen born y e 4 March 5 J. [1656-7 or 165?] 

born y e 29 Decern. 59. 
born y e 1 Octo. 62. 

borny e 29 " f f [i. e. 1666-7] 

Abigail Hall died, the wife of Josiah Hall, May the 26 day, 1775, age 
47 the August following, the 28 day. 

Ebenezer Broun, the husband of Elizabeth Broun dyed the 1 day of 
June, 1777, age 46. 

1848.] Genealogy of the Dearborn Family. 81 




(1) Godfrey Dearborn, 

was the patriarch of the Dearborn family in the United States. He 

b - m - {2:Xov.25,lC62.} d - Feb - 4 ' 1686 - 

In 1639, Rev. John Wheelwright, with a company of his friends, 
removed from the colony in Massachusetts Bay to Exeter, in the 
province of New Hampshire, and founded a settlement. Supposing 
themselves to be out of the jurisdiction of any existing company or 
government, they formed and signed among themselves a kind of 
social compact, a copy of which Dr. Farmer has given in his edition 
of Belknap's New Hampshire. This compact was signed by thirty- 
five persons, of whom Godfrey Dearborn was one. His signature 
to this document, like that attached to his will more than forty years 
afterwards, he executed by making his mark. He seems to have 
been a man of considerable standing and importance among the colo- 
nists, which is proved by his being elected one of the selectmen both 
of Exeter and Hampton. He is said to have been a native of Exeter, 
county of Devon, in the southwest part of England. He probably had 
not been long in this country when, in 1G30, he removed to Exeter, 
though I have no account of his arrival, or the place at which he 

Mr. Dearborn remained in Exeter about ten years. His farm is 
paid to have been situated within the present limits of the town of 
Stratham, near the residence of a Mr. Scammons. He had, in 1644, 
a grant of meadow land "on the 2d run, beyond Mr. Wheelwright's 
creek, towards Capt Wiggins." In 1645, in connection with two 
other persons, he had a grant of meadow "at the head of the Great 
( ove Creek, about 6 acres, if\t be there to be found." In 1648, he 
wafl elected one of the "Townsmen," or "Selectmen." There is 
also a record thai William More had, in 1647, a grant of land "on 
the eastern side of the river, adjoining Godfrey Dearborn's." 

Betwa D 1 6 18 and 1 650, he removed to Hampton, where he spent 
the remainder of hie life. The precise time of his removal probably 
cannot now !><■ ascertained. It appears by the Exeter record, that 
lie \v:is choeen one of the selectmen of* that town in 1648, and by the 
Hampton record, that on March 4, 1650, Beatfl 10 the Hampton 

meeting boose were assigned to u Goodman and Goody Dearborn." 
As early ai L645, several of the Exeter company removed to Hamp- 
ton, and Mr. Wheelwright followed, In 1647. ' After this several 
othen followed th<- lame example, among whom wai Godfrey Dear- 
On hii arrival at Hampton Mr. T). settled at the u RTeel End," n 

Called, on a farm >\,- v rdcC OCCUpied DV Ml descendants, and at the 

present time, bj Simon N. Dearborn and his SOD JohlL The nOOSC 

82 Genealogy of [Jan. 

which he built at some period of his life, namely, between 1650 
and 1686, is still standing, about one third of a mile west of the 
railroad depot. The original house, however, constitutes but 
a small portion of the modern one. It has been enlarged in 
length and breadth, with new covering to the entire building, 
while the frame alone indicates, by the material and the ar- 
rangement of its parts, far greater antiquity than any other part 
of the house. The new part is occupied by Simon N. Dearborn, 
and the old by John Dearborn, as above. On his removal to 
Hampton, Godfrey became a considerable landholder, and a 
man of some importance in the affairs of the town. In 1651 
he drew share No. 1. in the great ox pasture, though he voted 
against the division and entered his protest upon the record of 
the town. In 1 670 he had a grant of eighty acres in addition 
to the extensive farm which he already possessed in the vicinity 
of his dwelling. His tax in 1653 was 15s. 10d., and he was 
one of the selectmen in 1655, 1663 and 1671. 

The name of Mr. Dearborn's first wife is unknown. That 
she was living March 4, 1650, is made certain by the record 
already quoted. That she died previous to Nov. 25, 1662, is 
equally certain from the fact that at this time Godfrey married 
a second wife, in the person of Dorothy, widow of Philemon 
Dalton, by which marriage there was no issue. What was the 
maiden name of the last mentioned woman or the date of her 
death, I have not been able to determine. She was living in 
1680, but died before 1696. 

Godfrey Dearborn made a will, dated Dec. 14, 1680, wit- 
nessed by Samuel Dalton and his wife, Mehitable. This will 
was not proved till June 7, 1711, when the testator had been 
dead more than twenty-five years, at which time, on the death 
of his second son, it probably became necessary to proceed with 
the settlement of the father's estate. At this period both wit- 
nesses to the will were dead, hence no proof could be accom- 
plished in the usual way. The administrator therefore peti- 
tioned the Governor of the province that he would compare the 
signature of the principal witness with other samples of his 
well-known signature, as he had been for many years a Justice 
of the Peace and town clerk, and from this comparison be 
pleased to order the administration. This course the Governor 
pursued and the administration was allowed. 


Issue of Godfrey Dearborn, No. I. 

(2) I. Henry, 

b. about 1633, m. Jan. 10, 1666, d. Jan. 18, 1725. 

He was born in England, and came to this country with his 
father, when about six years old. Dr. Farmer, who quotes 
from some author unknown to the writer, calls him "a man 
grown," but the following from the Hampton record proves this 
an error." "Henry Dearborn deceased Jan. y e 18, 1724-5, 
aged 92 years." In what part of Hampton he resided I have 
not been able to determine. He was one of the selectmen of 

1848.] The Dearborn Family. 83 

Hampton in 1G7G and 1G92. He was also a signer of the pe- 
tition to the king in 1G83, usually called "WeaHe's petition." 
He married 

Elizabeth Makriax, 

b. about 1644, m. Jan. 10, 1666, d. July 6, 1716. 

She was dau "liter of John Marxian, one of the first settlers 
of Hampton, who lived on the place of the late Col. John Dear- 
born, a few rods west of the depot. Her time of birth is learned 
from the following record : " Elizabeth, y e wife of Henry Dear- 
born, aged 72 years, died suddenly, July y e G*, 17 1G." 

(3) IE Thomas, 

b. about 1634, m. Dec. 28, 1GG5, d. April 14, 1710. 

He was born in England, and came to this country with his 
father in early childhood. He was for several years a deacon 
of the church at Hampton, to which ollice he was chosen Nov. 
1, 1699. He was a signer of "Weabb's petition," and one 
of the selectmen in 1G75, 1G78 and 1693. His birth is de- 
duced from the following item on the Hampton record: " Dea. 
Thomas Dearborn died the 14 day of april 1710 being about 
7t'> years of age." 

1 tea. Dearborn's place of residence was in that part of Hamp- 
ton now called •• Drake side," nearly opposite the lane leading 
to the " Shunpike." No building remains on the spot, for which 
reason the exact location may not be known. He married 

Hannah Col< ORD, 

b. m. Dec. 28, 1 065, d. 

She was daughter of Edward Colcord, who was in Hampton 
as early as 1645, and lived near where the north Bcfeool-hbuse 

now stands. 

( 1; III. A Dai oiiiki:, 

b. m. d. 

All we know of this daughter is what we learn from her 

father's will, thus, " and then to be equally divided between 

my three daughters ." This proves that she was living in 

1 6^0, when tin; will was made. 

(5) IV. A Dai oin 1 

b. in. d. 

This daughter is known only by tic- clause i" the will of the 
father already quoted, and from the following in the samedocu- 
nient we infer thai she married a Shortridge. " I doe give and 
bequeath unto my Grandchild Ann Shurtredge," &e. 

(6) V. SVKAII, 

b. m. Dee. •», 1 659, d. 

The birth of this daughter was probably not Cur from the 
time njer parents arrived in this country. Whether she was 
older or younger than her sister is unknown. She married 

84 Genealogy of [Jan. 

Thomas Nudd, 

b. m. Dec. 9, 1659, d. 

He went to Hampton, a minor, with his mother, who at that 
time was wife of Henry Dow. Tradition says that her first 
husband, the father of Thomas, was " Roger Nudd," and that 
he died on the passage to this country. 

(7) VI. John, 

b. about 1642, m. Dec. 12, 1672, d. Nov. 14, 1730. 

John was born in Exeter. He was administrator of his 
father's estate, was residuary legatee, and received by the will 
the house and farm where the family lived. He was one of 
the selectmen in 1694, and was probably but little engaged in 
town business during his life. When Mr. Weare went to Eng- 
land with his petition to the king, John Dearborn subscribed 
£1. 5s. towards defraying the expense, but did not sign the 
petition. He married 

Mary Ward, 

b. about 1652, m. Dec. 12, 1672, d. Dec. 14, 1725. 

She was daughter of Thomas Ward, one of the first company 
of settlers. The date of her birth is learned from the following 
Hampton record : " Died Mary, wife of John Dearborn, Dec. 
14, 1725, aged 73." 


Issue of Henry Dearborn, No. II. 

(8) I. John, 

b. Oct. 10, 1666, m. Nov. 4, 1689, d. Nov. 22, 1750. 

John Dearborn was one of the early settlers of that part of 
Hampton which, in 1742, was incorporated as a town under the 
name of " North Hampton." He was a deacon of the church 
at Hampton for several years ; and after the organization of 
the north church he held the same office in that body until his 
death. He was one of the petitioners for the act by which the 
town of North Hampton was incorporated. When he first 
moved to the farm on which he spent the remainder of his life, 
the whole country was a wilderness. His brother Samuel had 
preceded him and purchased the land on which they both set- 
tled. Here he built a house, which is now standing, and which 
has remained in possession of the family till within twenty 
years of the present period. Since that time the estate has 
passed out of the hands of the Dearborns and is now owned by 
Jonathan P. Robinson. His will is dated May 22, 1746, and 
proved Dec. 1, 1750. His son, Simon, was Executor and re- 
siduary legatee. In the north burying-ground at North Hamp- 
ton, is the gravestone of Dea. Dearborn, still standing in a good 
state of preservation. The inscription is yet legible, of which 
the following is a copy, literatim : 

1848.] The Dearborn Family. 85 

" Here lies y* body of 

Ann Old Deciple 

John Dearborn 

Who served as Deac 11 in y e church 

At hampton for several years 

& til his Death in y e church 

At North Hampton 

Of exemplary strictnes & stedines 

In Every part of Religeon 

A Man of Prayer 

he Rezind himself to God Rejoys 8 

in y e hope of Glory 

Nov. 22 1750 Ag. 84. 

the memory of y e just is Bles d ." 

Dea. Dearborn married 

Abigail Bachelder, 

b. Dec. 28, 1667, m. Nov. 4, 1689, d. Nov. 14, 1736. 

She was daughter of Nathaniel Bachelder, one of the first 
settlers of Hampton, and his first wife, Deborah Smith. Her 
gravestone is still standing at North Hampton, beside that of her 
husband. The following is a verbatim transcript, though the 
original is written entirely in capitals. 

" Here lyes Buried y e 

Body of Mrs. Abigail wife of Dea- 

-con John Dearborn 

who deceased 14 th 

of Nov r 1736 
in y e 69 th year of 
her age" 
(9) II. Samuel, 

b. Jan. 11, 1670, m. July 12, 1694, d. 

Samuel Dearborn has been called the pioneer of North 
Hampton, and ifl said to have built the first house in that town 
"north of the brook." He purchased a large tract of land, 
selected a farm tor himself in the centre, and sold out the re- 
mainder to his brother John (8) in such a manner as to leave 
himself entirely shut out from the highway, excepting a lane 
which passed by his brother's door. The farm 18 now in pos- 
session of Dea. Nathaniel Dearborn, a lineal descendant fife 
was one of the petitioners for the act incorporating the town, 
but appears to have kept himself, like his farm, very much 
retired from the public, engaged only in his domestie relations. 
lie married 

Mi.i:< i Bachelder, 

b. Dec. 11, 1677, m. July 12, 1694, d. 
Bbc irai daughter of Nathaniel Bachelder and bis second 
. .M.ny Garter Wyman, and consequently a half lister to 
the wit'.- of John Dearborn (8). 

86 Genealogy of [Jan. 

(10) III. Elizabeth, 

b. Dec. 13, 1672. unm, d. 

This daughter died in childhood, as appears from the fact 
that another daughter, born in 1681, was called by the same 

(11) IV. Sarah, 

b. Nov. 9, 1675, m. Jan. 30, 1698, d. 

She resided in that part of Hampton now called Hampton 
Falls. On the incorporation of that parish in 1711, she and 
her husband were dismissed from the church at Hampton 
for the purpose of forming one at the Falls. She married 

Philemon Blake, 

b. May 23, 1671, m. Jan. 30, 1698, d. 

He was son of Jasper and Deborah Blake, who went to 
Hampton as early as 1650, as we learn from the records of 
the town. 

(12) V. Abigail, 

b. m. May 28, 1701, d. 

This daughter may not be placed according to a proper 
arrangement, as the date of her birth does not appear. She 

Samuel Palmer, 

b. m. May 28, 1701, d. 

He was son of Christopher Palmer, son of William, one 
of the first company that settled in Hampton, in 1639. 

(13) VI. Elizabeth 2, 

b. Nov. 19, 1681, m. Dec. 30, 1704, d. 

She was the second by that name, and the youngest daugh- 
ter in the family. She. married 

William Sanborn, 

b. March 26, 1682, m. Dec. 30, 1704, d. 

He was son of Josiah Sanborn, who was probably the son 
of Lt John Sanborn, one of the first company in Hampton, 
and grandson of Rev. Stephen Bachelder. 

(14) VII. Henry, 

b. Oct. 28, 1688, m. see wives; d. Feb. 10, 1717. 

Henry Dearborn resided in the part of Hampton now 
called " Bride hill," on a farm lately occupied by Dearborn 
Fogg This farm he purchased after the time of his first 
marriage. He died in his field, where he had been for the 
purpose of putting his horse in the pasture, and as he had no 
living male issue, and left no will, the estate no longer re- 
mained with the Dearborns. He married 

1848.] The Dearborn Family. 87 

1. Hannah Doav, 

b. Nov. 7, 1688, m. Oct. 28, 1708, d. Feb. 10, 1717. 

She was daughter of Simon Dow, son of Henry, son of 
Henry, who settled in Hampton as early as 1645. Henry 
Dearborn married 

2. Mary Roby, 

b. Nov. 25, 1G86, m. Jan. 3, 1721, d. May 5, 1739. 

She was daughter of Samuel, son of Judge Henry Roby, 
who went to Hampton about 1G53. He married 

3. Esther , 

b. m. d. 

This wife survived her husband, and her name is mentioned 
in the Probate Order by which the estate was settled. What 
was her maiden name I am not certain, but think she was a 
Fogg. If this be correct, she was daughter of Seth Fogg, 
son of Samuel, was born March 1G, 1G07, married her cous- 
in, David Fogg, son of Samuel, son of Samuel, Oct. 24, 1734, 
who died Feb. 12, 1737, after which she married Henry 

Issue of Thomas Dearborn, No. III. 
(15) I. Samuel, 

b. May 27, L676, m. Dec. 16, 1008, d. 

Samuel Dearborn settled in that part of Hampton which 
has since fallen within the southern part of North Hampton. 
His farm was the second one west of the south burying- 
ground. This farm has been occupied by Dearborns, the 
descendants of this branch, until about thirty years since, 
when they removed to the western part of the state. It is 
now owned and occupied by Samuel Drake. Samuel Dear- 
born married 

Sarah Gove, 

b. Nov. ."). 1078, m. Dec. 10, 100s, d. 

She was youngest daughter of Edward (Jove, who went 
to Hampton as early a- 1665. During Cramfield's adminis- 
tration, he was tried for treason, condemned, and Bent to 
England lobe hang. After lying in the 'rower two yean 
or more be was pardoned, returned home and obtained his 


1 1 6 1 II. Bbi m /i. it, 

b. bet 8. 167$, m. Oct 7. L708, d. 

Bbenezer was born at Hampton, and on the Hampton 
rd we find the births of hia children. But he removed 

where lie wa- one of the fire I -• til- r- and princi- 

pal proprietors. H<- i- the Patriarch of a very extensive 

family in that region and else when ■ He married 

88 Genealogy of [Jan. 

Abigail Sanborn, 

b. m. Oct. 7, 1703, d. 

She was daughter of Sanborn. 

(17) III. Thomas, 

b. about 1681, m. Jan. 2, 1701, d. 

Thomas settled in the south part of North Hampton, on 
the estate between his brother Samuel and the burying- 
ground. As he had no male issue and his daughters proba- 
bly died unmarried, his issue became extinct in the next gen- 
eration, and the farm passed into the hands of a Samuel 
Fogg. It is now owned and occupied by David Page. He 

Huldah Smith, 

b. m. Jan. 2, 1701, d. 

She was daughter of John Smith, one of the early settlers 
of Hampton, who, to distinguish him from another man by 
the same name, was called " John Smith the cooper." 

(18) IV. Jonathan, 

b. Nov. 18, 1686, m. d. Sept. 10, 1771. 

He was commonly called " Cornet Dearborn," and lived on 
the homestead of his father, at " Drake side." He married 

1. Mary , 

b. m. d. April 5, 1744. 

What was her maiden name I have not been able to de- 
termine. Her name is sometimes spelled " Maria." Jona- 
than married 

2. Sarah , 

b. about 1689, m. d. Oct. 22, 1762. 

She is said by the record to have been at the time of her 
death, aged 73, from which we deduce the time of her birth. 

Issue of John Dearborn, No. VII 

(19) I. John, 

b. Sept. 2, 1673, m. Jan. 10, 1695, d. March 19, 1746. 

He was for many years a deacon of the Hampton church, 
to which office he was elected on the same day with his 
cousin by the same name, John, (8) son of Henry. He is 
sometimes on the record called u John Dearborn 3d," to dis- 
tinguish him from his father and cousin. He lived on the 
original homestead of the family, the farm of his father and 
grandfather. Dea. Dearborn married 

Hannah Dow, 

b. Sept. 13, 1676, m. Jan. 10, 1695, d. June 13, 1733. 

She was daughter of Daniel Dow, son of Henry Dow, 
senior, already mentioned, who went to Hampton previous 
to 1645. 

1848.] The Dearborn Family. 89 

(20) II. TH03IAS, 

b. June 22, 1676, m. Dec. 4, 1707, d. 

I think he lived at Hampton Falls, but as his issue were 
all females the name became extinct in his line in the next 
generation, lie married 

Mary Garland, 

b. m. Dec. 4, 1707, d. Feb. 1, 1769. 

She was daughter of Jacob Garland, son of John, who 
went to Hampton previous to 1653. 

(21) III. Mart, 

b. May 6, 1678, m. Aug. 25, 1698, d. 

Mary was the only daughter in the family and married 

Stephen Baciielder, 

b. March 8, 1676, m. Aug. 25, 1698, d. 

He was son of the first Nathaniel Bachelder, already men- 
tioned, and his first wife, Deborah, who died at the time of 
his birth. 


Issue of John Dearborn, No. VIII. 

(22) I. Deborah, 

b. Feb. 8, 1690, m. Dec. 31, 1713, d. 

She resided at North Hampton, and married 

Thomas Marston, 

b. m. Dec. 31, 1713, d. 

He was son of Ephraim Marston, son of Thomas, who 
went to Hampton the first summer of the settlement. 

(20) II. Jonathan, 

b. May 8, 1691, m. Dec. 29, 1715, d. Jan. 29, 1779. 

Tradition calls this son a " wild youth." He moved to 
Stratham, where a line of his descendants still reside. The 
Gum which be cultivated is now occupied by John Dear- 
born, a great-grandson of Jonathan. He married 

Hannah TuCKE, 

b. April 10, 1697, m. Dec. 29, 1715, d. June 12, 17 

Bhfl was daughter of .John Tuoke, BOD of Kdward, .-on ot 

Robert, one of the first company in Hampton. 

(24) HI. EUSAMRH, 

1.. \ . iii. Jan. 12, 171 6, d. 

Little is known of her except that lb* married 


90 Genealogy of [Jan. 

John Garland, 

b. m. Jan. 12, 1716, d. 

Whose son John Garland was, I cannot determine, but 
think he must have been son of Peter, son of John, one of 
the first settlers of Hampton. 

(25) IV. Esther, 

b. June 15, 1694, m. d. 

All we know of her is that she married 


b. m. d. 

Norton probably lived in Greenland. There was no such 
name in Hampton or North Hampton. 

(26) V. Joseph, 

b. Feb. 8, 1696, m. Oct. 22, 1719, d. Jan. 15, 1768. 

Joseph Dearborn lived at one time in the field near the 
southwest corner of the north burying-ground, and after- 
wards on the Winecut road. He was usually styled " The 
Governor," though he had no legal claim to that title. He 

Anna Dearborn, 

b. Dec. 18, 1699, m. Oct. 22, 1719, d. Oct. 9, 1789. 

She was daughter of Samuel Dearborn, No. 15, and was 
therefore second cousin to her husband. 

(27) VI Abigail, 

b. Jan. 24, 1700, m. Dec. 28, 1721, d. 

Of this daughter I have no account, except that she mar- 

Benjamin Cram, 

b. m. Dec. 28, 1721, d. 

He probably lived in Exeter or Hampton Falls. 

(28) VII. Lydia, 

b. April 4, 1702, m. Jan. 29, 1730, d. 

The descendants of this daughter are extremely numer- 
ous. She married 

Jeremiah Sanborn, 

b. Feb. 12, 1703, m. Jan. 29, 1730, d. Aug. 8, 1783. 

He was son of John Sanborn, son of William, one of the| 
first settlers. 

(29) VIII. Ruth, 

b. May 21, 1705, m. June 27, 1728, d. Jan. 8, 1741. 
Anecdotes are still related by the old people of the amia^ 

1848.] The Dearborn Family. 01 

ble disposition of this daughter. She died of fever. She 

David Page, 

b. Nov. 1, 1703, m. June 27, 1728, d. Jan. 9, 1785. 

He was son of Christopher Page, son of Thomas, son of 
Robert, who went to Hampton during the second summer of 
the settlement and lived on the spot now occupied by his 
descendant, Josiah Page. David lived at North Hampton, 
on the Exeter road, where Joseph Dearborn now lives. 

(30) IX. Simon, 

b. July 31. 170G, m. Dec. 5, 1728, d. 

This son is said by tradition to have been born in the gar- 
rison house, which stood on the " Green," at North Hampton, 
near the spot where the old meeting-house recently stood. 
His mother was lodged there for security against the Indians, 
who at that time were exceedingly troublesome in all the 
new settlements. He signed the petition for incorporating 
North Hampton in 1742, and was the father of the late Maj. 
Gen. Henry Dearborn. He married 
Sarah Makstox, 

b. m. Dec. 5, 1728, d. 

She was daughter of Simon Marston, son of Ephraim, son 
of Thomas of Hampton, who has already been mentioned. 

(31) X. Benjamin, 

b. Nov. 12, 1710, m. d. 

Of this son I have been able to learn nothing except his 
birth, which appears on the Hampton record. He probably 
died young, or some tradition of him would remain. 

Issue of Samuel Dearborn, No. IX. 

(32) I. Mary, 

b. April 23, 1005, m d. 

I have no further account of this daughter. She probably 
died young. 

(33) II. Mercy, 

b. Feb. 21, 1007, m. d. 

This daughter died in childhood, as appears from the fad 
that another child, born five yean later, \\;i- called by the 
Bame name. Mercy wbb a twin. 

(:;\) III. Mi.!in\r,i.r, 

b. Feb. 21, 1007, m. Jan. 15, 171 h, d. 

Ifehitable waa a twin with Mercy, as tli<' date <-t birth 

chow-, siif married 

Thom la Bebbi , 

1). ni. .Ian. 15, 1718, <l. 

r.' rrj u not ;i Hampton name. lb' probably belonged in 
( .rc» aland or Portsmouth. 

92 Genealogy of [Jan. 

(35) IV. Sarah, 

b. June 27, 1699, m. Nov. 24, 1720, d. 

Sarah's husband and the wife of her cousin Jonathan (23) 
were of the same family. She married 

Edward Tucke, 

b. Feb. 7, 1696, m. Nov. 24, 1720, d. June 29, 1779. 

He was son of John Tucke, son of Edward, son of Robert, 
before mentioned. 

(36) V. Mercy, 

b. Feb. 18, 1702, m. d. 

From the entire silence of the record except in relation 
to the birth, and the absence of tradition, I presume that this 
daughter died young. 

(37) VI. Jeremiah, 

b. April 1, 1704, m. Dec. 23, 1724, d. 1751. 

Jeremiah lived on the farm of his father at North Hamp- 
ton. The time of his death is learned from the fact that his 
will was made June 4, 1751, and proved July 16, 1751, be- 
tween which dates he died. He was one of the petitioners 
for the act incorporating North Hampton in 1742. He mar- 
Sarah Tatlor, 

b. Dec. 20, 1705, m. Dec. 23, 1724, d. 

She was daughter of Richard Taylor, son of John, son of 
Anthony, one of the settlers who went to Hampton the first 

(38) VII. Elizabeth, 

b. Nov. 9, 1706, unm. d. Nov. 30, 1706. 
This daughter died the same month in which she was born. 

(39) VIII. Nathaniel, 

b. Jan. 21, 1710, m. Dec. 2, 1731, d. 

Nathaniel moved to Kensington, where one line of his de- 
scendants still reside. He is the ancestor of a very exten- 
sive branch of the family. He married 

Mary Bachelder, 

b. Oct. 30, 1711, m. Dec. 2, 1731, d. 

She was daughter of Samuel Bachelder, son of the first 
Nathaniel and his second wife, Mary. 

(40) IX. Henry, 

b. Dec. 27, 1712, m. Jan. 19, 1738, d. 

Henry spent at least the early part of his married life at 
North Hampton, and probably lived on the Winecut road, on 
the farm occupied by Col. John Taylor. He was a signer 
of the petition for incorporating North Hampton, in 1742. 
He married 

1848.] The Dearborn Family. 93 

Margaret Sherburne, 

b. June 29, 1718, m. Jan. 19, 1738, d. 

She was daughter of John, son of Capt. Samuel Sher- 
burne, who was killed by the Indians at Maqnait, near 
Brunswick, Aug. 4, 1091. The name "Sherburne" has 
been preserved in the family as a christian name to the pres- 
ent time. 

(41) X. Samuel, 

b. Sept. 1, 1715, unm. d. Feb. 5, 173G. 

Samuel died of the " throat distemper," a disease which 
proved extensively fatal in 1736. 

(42) XI. Abigail, 

b. Oct. 19, 1720, m. Nov. 25, 1742, d. July 1, 1811. 

She was her husband's second wife, and is the ancestor of 
a very numerous and extensive family. She married 

Abraham Drake, 

b. Dec. 4, 1715, m. Nov. 25, 1742, d. Aug. 1, 1781. 

lie was son of Abraham, son of Abraham, son of Abra- 
ham, son of Robert Drake, one of the early settlers of Hamp- 
ton, who lived where the Baptist meeting-house now stands. 
Abraham lived at North Hampton, and was a colonel of vol- 
unteers at the time of Burgoyne's surrender. 


hsut of Henry Dearborn, No. XIV. 

(43) I. Sarah, 

b. Feb. 20, 1709, m. Feb. 19, 1734, d. 

We know by the town record that she married 

John Taylor, 

b. m. Feb. 19, 1734, d. 

The statistics in relation to John Taylor I have had no 
opportunity to obtain with certainty. See No. C7. 

(44) II. Hannah, 

b. Dec. 10, 1710, unm. d. Nov. 30, 1724. 

The death of this daughter occurred when she was four- 
teen years old, wanting twenty days. 

(45) III. Elizabeth, 

b. m. d. 

Our knowledge of this daughter depends on the probate 
settlement of her father's estate and on tradition. She mar- 

William Sajtborv, 

b. m. d. 

Who hii parent! were I know not at present 

94 Genealogy of [Jan. 

(46) IV. Henry, 

b. about 1715, unm. d. June 13, 1741. 

He is said by the record to have been twenty-five years 
old at the time of his death. 

(47) V. Simon, 

b. Jan. 21, 1717, unm. d. 

This son died before his father, as we know that Henry 
left no male issue. 

(48) VI. Mary, 

b. June 2, 1722, m. May 19, 1742, d. 

Mary was the daughter of the second wife and her only 
issue, so far as we know. She married 

Ebenezer Lovering, 

b. m. May 19, 1742, d. 

On the death of his father-in-law he inherited one third of 
his estate. 

Issue of Samuel Dearborn, No. X V. 

(49) I. Anna, 

b. Dec. 18, 1699, m. Oct. 22, 1719, d. Oct. 9, 1789. 

She was born and lived to old age within the present limits 
of North Hampton. She married her second cousin, 

Joseph Dearborn, 

b. Feb. 8, 1696, m. Oct. 22, 1719, d. Jan. 15, 1768. 

He is No. 26 of this genealogy, which see. 

(50) II. Edward, 

b. May 26, 1702, m. d. 

I suppose this son died young, as I have been able to find 
no further trace of him. 

(51) III. Reuben, 

b. m. See wives, d. 

Reuben inherited his father's estate at North Hampton. 
He married 

1. Anna Page, 

b. m. Jan. 20, 1732, d. Nov. 22, 1741. 

She was daughter of Francis Page, son of Francis, son of 
Robert, already mentioned (29). He married 

2. Esther IIobbs, 

b. m. Sept. 24, 1743, d. 

She was daughter of James Hobbs, son of Morris, son of 
Morris, or " Maurice," one of the early settlers of Hampton. 

1848.] The Dearborn Family. 95 

Issue of Ebenezer Dearborn, No. X VI 

(52) I. Ebenezek, 

b. Jan. 27, 1705, m. Jan. 13, 1731, d. 

Ebenezer lived in Chester, as did his father. He married 

Huldah Nason, 

b. m. Jan. 13, 1731, d. 

This marriage was recorded at Hampton, though I have 
no account of her family. 

(53) II. Meiiitable, 

b. Nov. 14, 1708, m. d. 

No further account of this daughter. 

(54) III. Peter, 

b. Nov. 14, 1710, m. d. 

Peter lived at Chester and has many descendants. His 
wife's name I have not been able to learn. 

(55) IV. Benjamin, 

b. Aug. 13, 1713, m. d. 

I know not whether this son was married or not. 

(56) V. Thomas 

b. Dec. 3, 1715, m. d. Jan. 1754. 

Thomas had a family, but his wife's name I have not 
learned. His will was dated Jan. 7, 1754, and proved Jan. 
30, 1754. 

(57) VI. Michael, 

b. April 24, 1719, m. d. 

Michael had a family, but his wife's name I know not. 
Ilis will was dated Oct. 20, 1758, proved Jan. 30, 1754. 

I VII. Abigail, 

b. Jan. 27, 1721, in. d. 

Whether she was married or not I do not know. 

(59) VIII. Mast, 

I*. June 1 1, 172.°>, m. d. 

Whether this daughter was married or not I hare not 

N'.tk. — There may bare l>ccn a John* in this family, who hid an 
exten-ivc family. 

/ "c of Thomas Dearborn, No. A VI I 

I I. Mai: v. 

h. Jurw 1 "), 1 702. uiun. d. 

1 obably -lie died before her father* 

96 Genealogy of [Jan. 

(61) II. Theodate, 

b. Dec. 18, 1710, unm. d. 
She probably died before her father. 

(62) III. Huldah, 

b. Nov. 3, 1714, unm. d. 
There is no doubt but this daughter also died young. 

Issue of Jonathan Dearborn, No. X VIII. 

(63) I. Jonathan, 

b. May 22, 1709, m. Jan. 15, 1747, d. March 15, 1772. 

Jonathan D. resided on the estate of his father and grand- 
father at " Drake side." His death occurred in the follow- 
ing manner. He had been on a visit to his only daughter, 
at North Hampton. On his return he attempted to cross a 
piece of low land, upon snow shoes. By some accident he 
fell, and being unable to rise or disengage himself from the 
shoes he " perished in the snow." He married 

Sarah Butler, 

b. 1718, m. Jan. 15, 1747, d. Sept. 4, 1758. 

Whose daughter she was I know not. She was married 
1, to Moses Leavitt, son of Moses, son of Hesron, son of 
Thomas. They were married Nov. 5, 1741, and he died at 
Louisburg, in 1745. 

(64) n. Daniel, 

b. unm. d. 

This son is known only by tradition as an " Old bachelor." 

(65) III. Nathaniel, 

b. 1714, m. d. Oct. 29, 1787. 

This son was in late life something of a hermit. He avoid- 
ed society, lived alone, and finally died alone. 

(66) IV. Shubael, 

b. unm. d. 

This son is known only by tradition. It is said that he 
lived on the place of the late Stephen Coffin, and afterwards 
moved to some town in the interior. 

(67) V. Mary, 

b. m. See husbands, d. 

Of this daughter we know little except from tradition in 
the families of her husbands. She married 

1. Morris Hobbs, 

b. m. March 20, 1746, d. 

He lived at North Hampton and was son of Morris, son of 
Morris, son of Morris, (Maurice) one of the early settlers of 
Hampton. She married 

1848.] The Dearborn Famihj. 97 

2. John Taylor, 

b. m. d. 

He lived at Xorth Hampton and was probably son of 
Richard Taylor, son of John, son of Anthony, of Hampton. 
I think he was the same person who married, first, Sarah 
Dearborn, No. 43. 

Issue of John Dearborn, No. XIX. 

(68) I. Ann, 

b. Oct. 22, 1695, m. Dec. 4, 1717, d. 

I find no record of her except her birth and marriage. She 

Joseph Piiilbrick, 

b. 1693, m. Dec. 4, 1717, d. Dec. 20, 1761. 

He was son of James Philbrick, son of James, who moved 
from Watertown to Hampton previous to 1650. 

(69) II. Joseph, 

b. April 9, 1699, unm. d. Dec. 9, 1700. 

This son died during his second year. 

7 | III. John, 

b. March 28, 1703, m. Sept. 30, 1724, d. March 24, 1754 

John inherited the original farm of Godfrey Dearborn. 
He married 

Anna Sanborn, 

b. May 27, 1705, m. Sept. 30, 1724, d. July 6, 1769. 

She was daughter of John Sanborn, son of William, one 
of the first Hampton company. 

Issue of Thomas Dearborn, No. XX. 

(71) I. Hannah, 

b. 1715, m. (1. 

She lived to old ago, having married 

JeRI miaii Towle, 

b. m. d. Aog 28, 1789. 

He was son of Caleb Towle, son of Philip, one of the 
early settlers of Hampton. 

(72) II. Ann, 

b. Aug. 1 1, 1720, m. .1. 

I haw no (briber account of this daughter. 
; nr. Twutha, 

b. Jane 29, 1723, m. d. 

She lived to old age, having married 

98 John Foster Williams. [Jan. 

Jeremiah Marston, 

b. m. d. March 17, 1807. 

He was son of Jeremiah, son of Ephraim, son of Thomas, 
one of the early settlers of Hampton. 

(74) IV. Sarah, 

b. June 4, 1726, m. d. 

I know nothing of this daughter except the birth. 

(To be concluded in the next number.) 


In the cursory examination we have been able to give the history of 
the Williams Family, elsewhere noticed in this volume, we do not find 
any mention of one of the name, who took an early and prominent part 
in our great revolutionary struggle. This was John Foster Williams 
of Boston, Ms. He belonged to the naval service ; and Mr. Cooper 
has not failed to give him a high character, although he has neglected 
to tell us but partially how he came to deserve it. But in a little, 
unpretending work, purporting to have been written by the late Eben- 
ezer Fox of Roxbury, we find a very thrilling account of what is merely 
alluded to in Mr. Cooper's Naval History of the United States. The 
title of the little volume just mentioned is in these words — " The Rev- 
olutionary Adventures of Ebenezer Fox, of Roxbury, Massachusetts. 
Boston: 1838." 18mo. 

As the author of this volume sailed with Mr. Williams, and knew 
him well, we conclude to extract the material part of what he says of 
him. The account opens in 1780, and is as follows : — 

" Our coast was lined with British cruisers, which had almost annihilated 
our commerce. The State of Massachusetts judged it expedient to build a 
government vessel, rated as a twenty-gun ship, named the ' Protector/ com- 
manded by Captain John Foster Williams. She was to be fitted for service 
as soon as possible, to protect our commerce and to annoy the enemy. A 
rendezvous was established for recruits at the head of Hancock's wharf, 
where the national flag, then bearing thirteen stripes and stars, was hoisted. 
All means were resorted to which ingenuity could devise, to induce men to 
enlist. A recruiting officer bearing a flag, and attended by a band of 
martial music, paraded the streets, to excite a thirst for glory and a spirit of 
military ambition. 

" The recruiting officer possessed the qualifications requisite to make the 
service appear alluring, especially to the young. He was a jovial, good- 
natured fellow, of ready wit and much broad humor. Crowds followed in 
his wake when he marched the streets ; and he occasionally stopped at the 
corners to harangue the multitude, in order to excite their patriotism and 
zeal for the cause of liberty. When he espied any large boys among the 
idle crowd around him, he would attract their attention by singing in a 
comical manner the following doggerel : 

1848.] John Foster Williams. 09 

All you that have bad masters, 

And cannot get your due, 
Come, come my brave boys, 

And join with our ship's crew. 

A shout and a huzza would follow, and some would join in the ranks. My 
excitable feelings were roused; I repaired to the rendezvous, sinned the 
ship's papers, mounted a cockade, and was, in my own estimation, already 
more than half a sailor. 

"The recruiting business went on slowly, however; but at length up- 
wards of 300 men were carried, dragged and driven on board — of all kinds, 
ages and descriptions — in all the various stages of intoxication, from that 
of -sober tipsiness' to beastly drunkenness — with the uproar and clamor 
that may be more easily imagined than described. Such a motley group 
ha- never been seen since Falstatf's ragged regiment paraded the streets of 

After the relation of a few incidents of not much moment, the account 
proceeds — u We continued to cruise along the coast lor a few weeks, with- 
out meeting witli any of the enemy, when some indications of tempestuous 
weather appearing, our captain judged it expedient to .-teer for the banks of 
Newfoundland, that he might have more sea-room in case of a gale. We 
arrived off the banks, where we cruised for nearly eight weeks, most of the 
time in a dense fog, without meeting with friend or foe. 

"On the morning of June 9th, 1780, the fog began to clear away, when 
the man at the mast-head gave notice that he saw a ship to the westward of 
D8. A- the fog cleared up, we perceived her to be a large ship, under 
English colors, to the windward, standing athwart our -tarboard bow. Our 

relative position gave as an opportunity to escape, but our valiant captain 

did not Bee fit to avail himself of it. 

u Aa -he came down upon us, she appeared as large as a seventy-four ; 
and we wen- not deceived respecting her size, for it afterwards proved that 

She was an old Kast-indiaman, of 1100 tons burthen, fitted out as a letter- 
of-marque for the West India trade, mounted with .'32 guns, and furnished 
with a complement of 150 men. She was called the Admiral Duff, com- 
manded by Richard Strong, from St. Christopher and St. Eustatia, laden 
with sugar and tobacco, and bound to London. I was standing near our 
lir-t lieutenant, Mr. Little, who was calmly examining the enemy as -he 

approached, with his Bpy-glass, when ('apt. Williams stepped op and asked 

his opinion of her. The lieutenant applied the glass to his eye again, and 
took a deliberate look in silence, and replied, ' I think she is a heavy -hip, 

and that we -hall have BOme bard fighting; but of one thing I am certain, 
-he i- not ;i frigate; if -he were -he would not keep yawing and showing 
her broadsides AS Bhe doe-; -he would -how nothing but her head and -tern. 

W shall have the advantage of her — and the quicker we get alongside o\ 

her the better.' Oar captain ordered English colon to be hoi-ted, and the 

-hip to !.<• cleared for action. The shrill pipe of the boatswain summoned 

all hand- to their dntv. The bedding and hammocks of the sailor- irere 

brought up from between derk- ; the bedding placed in tin' hammocks, and 

lashed up in the nettings; our courses hauled up; the top-gallant sails clewed 

id every preparation was made which a skilful officer could suggest, 

ulora p erfor m. 

M The approached till within musket-shot of us. The two ships 

ich other that we could distinguish the officers from the men; 

and I particularly noticed the captain on the gangway, ;i Qoble-looking man, 

100 John Foster Williams. [Jan. 

having a large gold-laced cocked-hat on his head and a speaking trumpet in 
his hand. Lieutenant Little possessed a powerful voice, and was directed 
to hail the enemy; at the same time the quarter-master was ordered to stand 
ready to haul down the English flag, and to hoist up the American. Our 
lieutenant took his station on the after part of the starboard gangway, and 
elevating the trumpet, exclaimed, ' Hallo ! whence come you ? ' * From 
Jamaica — bound to London,' was the answer. * What is the ship's name?' 
inquired the lieutenant. ' The Admiral Duff,' was the reply. 

" The English captain then thought it his turn to interrogate, and asked 
the name of our ship. Lieutenant Little, in order to gain time, put the 
trumpet to his ear, pretending not to hear the question. During the short 
interval thus gained, Capt. Williams called upon the gunner to ascertain 
how many guns could be brought to bear upon the enemy. ' Five,' was the 
answer. ' Then fire and shift the colors,' were the orders. The cannons 
poured forth their deadly contents, and with the first flash the American 
flag took the place of the British ensign at our mast-head. 

" The compliment was returned in the form of a full broadside, and the 
action commenced. Broadsides were exchanged with great rapidity for 
nearly an hour. Our fire produced a terrible slaughter among the enemy, 
while our loss was as yet trifling. A large shot came through our ship's 
side and killed Mr. Benjamin Scollay, a very promising young man, who 
was, I think, a midshipman. At this moment a shot from one of our 
marines killed the man at the wheel of the enemy's ship, and his place not 
being immediately supplied, she was brought alongside of us in such a manner 
as to bring her bowsprit directly across our forecastle. Not knowing the 
cause of this movement, we supposed it to be the intention of the enemy to 
board us. 

" Our boarders were ordered to be ready with their pikes to resist any 
such attempt ; while our guns on the main deck were sending death and 
destruction among the crew of the enemy. Their principal object now 
seemed to be to get liberated from us ; and by cutting away some of their 
rigging, they were soon clear, and at the distance of a pistol shot. 

"The action was then renewed with additional fury; broadside for broad- 
side continued with unabated vigor ; at times so near to each other that the 
muzzles of our guns came almost in contact — then again at such a distance 
as to allow of taking deliberate aim. The contest was obstinately continued 
by the enemy, although we could perceive that great havock was made 
among them, and that it was with much difficulty that their men were com- 
pelled to remain at their quarters. 

11 A charge of grape-shot came in at one of our port-holes, which danger- 
ously wounded four or five men, among whom was our third lieutenant, Mr. 
Little, brother to the first. His life was despaired of; but by the kind 
attention he received from his brother and the surgeon, he finally recovered, 
though he bore evidence of the severity of his wounds through life.* 

" While Capt. Williams was walking the quarter deck, which he did 
during the whole action, a shot from the enemy struck the speaking trumpet 
from his hand, and sent it to a considerable distance from him. He picked 
it up with great calmness of manner, and resumed his walk, without appear- 
ing to have been at all disturbed by the circurastance.f 

*" He was living in Marshficld, Ms., as late as 1838." 

t Wc should like to know what became of that speaking trumpet. It may have gone to 
England and been there lost, as Capt. Williams not long after fell into the hands of the 
enemy, as we shall see. 

1848.] John Foster Williams. 101 

" The battle still continued with unabated vigor on both sides, till our 
marksmen had killed or wounded all the men in the fore, main and mizzen 
tops of the enemy. The action had now lasted about an hour and a half; 
and the tire of the enemy began to slacken, when we suddenly discovered 
that all the sails on her mainmast were enveloped in a blaze. The fire 
spread with amazing rapidity, and, running down the after rigging, it soon 
Communicated with her magazine, when her whole stern was blown off, and 
her valuable cargo emptied into the sea. All feelings of hostility now ceased, 
and those of pity were excited in our breasts, for the miserable crew that 
survived the catastrophe." 

Thus was the contest terminated. Capt. "Williams ordered out his 
boats as speedily as his circumstances would admit, (they having been 
much damaged during the fight,) and they succeeded in saving bb men 
from the wreck. The weather being warm, and sickness increasing in 
his ship, Capt. Williams judged it best to make a harbor, and he 
accordingly bore away for the bay of Penobscot. Here he quartered 
his sick on shore and repaired his ship. After completing his repairs 
and recruiting his men, he sailed again for his old cruising ground, the 
Banks of Newfoundland. In this quarter he continued to stretch off 
and on for near a month ; and no prospect of meeting with an enemy 
appearing, by advice of his officers he concluded to return to Boston. 
In his return voyage, he escaped a heavy British frigate, with no other 
damage than that received from an eighteen pound shot snugly planted 
in his mainmast. 

Capt. Williams sailed again in the same ship upon another cruise, 
which proved to be his last, against the enemies of his country, lie 
left Boston about the last of October, 1780, and after cruising for a 
time before Halifax, and about the Grand Banks, and meeting with 
nothing to encourage a longer stay, he bore away for the West Indies. 
In the latter part of his cruise he took several rich prizes ; but on his 
return voyage, falling in with two armed ships of superior force, he was 
obliged to surrender a prisoner of war. How long he remained in cap- 
tivity we have not ascertained ; but he doubtless returned immediately 
after the peace, as he appears to have been in Boston in the end of 

In the celebration of the adoption of the Federal Constitution by 

- ttts, in February, 1788, Capt. Williams held a conspicuous 

F i »on the quarter-deck of a ship mounted upon wheels, drawn 

b j thirteen white horses, he took his station, with a speaking trumpet 

in his hand (whether that before spoken of is not mentioned,) and 

•iii'-ntal regimentals. Ilis crew consisted of old 

and weather-beaten sailors ; some throwing the lead, some 

reefing Bails, and some waving the thirteen stripes, \sliil<- occasional 

salute- from a three pounder was an endorsement of the whole proc< 

\ a mg to the tunc of Yankee Doodle was circulated, sad 
appeared in the newspapers of the day. In that ('apt. Williams "cut 
the largest figure." The lines in which he was introduced are as 


102 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [Jan. 

" Jon Foster Williams in a ship 
Join'd with the social band, sir, 
And made the lasses dance and skip, 
To see him sail on land, sir. 
Yankee Doodle, &c." 

Capt. Williams was appointed by General Washington to the com- 
mand of a revenue cutter in 1790, which office he held until his death, 
which is thus recorded in the Columbian Centinel of June 25th, 1814 : 

" In this town, yesterday afternoon, [died] John Foster Williams, 
Esq., commander of the Revenue Cutter Massachusetts, JE. seventy. His 
relations, friends and acquaintances are respectfully requested (without a 
more particular invitation) to attend his funeral, on Monday next, at five 
o'clock, from his late dwelling-house in Hound street." * 

Many of our older citizens well remember John Foster Williams 
— all of whom, we believe, give him an excellent character. We are 
not at this time prepared to give his pedigree, but hope to be able to 
hereafter. Mr. Fox tells us that he was related to Mr. Frederick Lane 
of Boston, and that Mr. Lane was possessed of the original log-book 
of the cruise of the Protector, the ship in which Capt. Williams acquired 
the chief of his renown. 


[We would note that it has been our endeavour to give these Abstracts exactly as they 
stand recorded, and as far as practicable to preserve the orthography, capitals, &c. And, 
that we intend in future numbers of our work to devote some space to Wills and other 
documents of the ' olden time,' and hope our friends will send us copies or originals of any 
thing they may have of this nature. Originals are always to be preferred.] 

A Coppye of the last will and Testament of Richard Eles, deceased the 29 
(8 mo ) 1639. 

If the lord take me out of this life my will and desire is, that those things 
that I have should be thus disposed of as followeth : 

first I desire y* fortye five shillings should be sent to owld England for 
Jo: Keene and my brother John, that is 35 to the one & ten to the other. 

I desire y* those things that I have should be sowld, both beddinge & 
cloathes & tooles, except my Coverlett, and that I desire to give to my 
aunt for hir paines and hir love ; further, I give to my Cosin Tito. Har- 
ris 20s. — To William Harris 20s. — To Anthony Harris 20s. — To 
Jo Harris 20s. — To my Cosin Anne Maverick 20s. — To my Cosin 
Daniell Harris 20s. 

ffurther I give to my two little Cosins, John & Abigale Maverick, five 
shillings p peice. 

ffurther I give Goodwife Greenland five shillings, & for the rest that 

* Since Williams street ; probably so named from Capt. Williams. It took this name in 
1821, or it appears under that date for the first time in " The Boston Directory " for that 

1848.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 103 

remaineth, I desire it shall be divided into fowre eaquall pts. for my 
three brothers and my sister. 

The last will & Testament of Edward Skiner, now departed, while he was 
in perfect memory. [25: 10: 1041 in margin.] 

Imprimus. That the lands and howse that he now possesses in Cambridge, 
in New England, the one half should be disposed of vnto one Mr. Robert 
Ibbit of Cambridge in Owld England, the other half vnto the Church of 
Cambridge in New England. Also it is his will that Marie Hanner, 
now servant vnto Tliomas Par risk, should have 3 lb ; moreover his Cloake 
Saw & betle Hoopes, and wedges vnto Good. Mar chant ; vnto goodman 
Crackbone his best sute of Cloathes ; vnto Philemon Dixison his stufe 
sute, & white russet Bootes; vnto John Sawin a bedd on[e] paire of 
sheets, a peice of Stuffe, his best hat & postnett & a handsaw; vnto John 
Boutle a iackett, a paire of fustian stivers, and a payre of leather stivers; 
vnto Goodwife Mar chant all his sheetes, & 5 lb stir, that the owld man 
knew not of; vnto the wife of Thomas Parrish one peice of hempinge 
cloath ; vnto Jeremy Barber one p of shoes ; vnto his owne man a paire 
of owld briches, irckin, wastcote, hatt & Capp ; & for his time, he is to 
serve one yeare with elder ffrost, & on[e] other yeare [with] Good 
Stoane ; vnto Thomas Parrish 6 lb for debts and other reckoninge, & all 
his iron ware & tools as his voluntary gift. 

Witnesses. Jo: Saicin, The { marck 

Marie Marchant. of Edward Skiner. 

Moreover I given vnto John Saivinge, payre of Shoes, & five p. of 
Bootes; & vnto Goodman Coolidge a debt, the w ch he owyht him in his 
booke, about o lb ; one peice of leather, and a spade vnto Thomas Ltowe. 
Curia elicit. 

Things to stand as they are in England. 

The last will and Testament of William Waltham of Weymouth, (now de- 
ceased) while he was of perfect memory. [30: 10: 1641 in margin.] 
I bequeath my sowle to god yt gave it, & my body to the Earth, vntill the 
For the better settling of my small meanes, w ch the lord hath given me, 
have made this my last will & testament, Intreating my loving ffather to 
be my Executor, w th full power to sell all my halfe pte of the mill in 
Weymouth, w* y f: ififtye acres of land, vnto my parte of land belonging 
vnto it, the halfe of the howse, & the portinance ptaininge. And what it 
shall yield, beinge -owld, to pay the sayd monye in six monthes ffollow- 
inge, vnto my brother Thomas Waltham the one halfe, and to my 
brother Henery Waltham the other halfe; but if my ffather thinke not 
best to sell it. then to remaine vnto them ioyntly, & to there Eares. 

Also I give power vnto my sayde Attorney to sell five steeres & two 

Heiffere, iv the mony to pay vnto my Bister Anne Waltham, & my lis- 
ter Philh/nn Waltham, in a yeare after the Bale thereof, or ;it the day of 

their marriage] Joyntly betwixt them, or to keepe them for theire better 
1 U uititt, w rU I leave to the discretion of my ffather, to keep them to theire 
vse, or «-\\ all a- sibresayde. 

In iritnesi hereof have hereunto sett my hand ^v seale, the third of 
November, Anno 1 8 10. 
Witness Willi lm W lltb \m 

James Laddyn 
Will: Jcfferay. 

104 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [Jan. 

The last will & Testement of Barnabe Lambson (deceased) when he was 

of pfect memory, 
ffor the dispossinge of my Children to 5 pticalor men, every one. 
My daughter Mary to my brother Sparahak. 
To my brother Isaack my daughter SaraJi. 
My sone Barnabey to my brother Parish. 
My daughter Mary to my brother Stone. 
My Sonne Joseph to my brother Bridge. 
Now for the some of my estate I would have it delivered unto these 5 
mens hands for the bringing up of my children, & I would have it equally 
divided amongst them. [Amount not mentioned.] 

Edward Hall 
Joseph Isack. . 

22 day 11th, called December, Anno Domini 1640. 
The last Will & Testament w ch I George Alcock of Roxbury in N: E: doe 
make, havinge yet my perfect vnderstandinge and memory according to 
the measure thereof. 

Debts to be paid both in owld England & in new 
My debt of 40£. to my Sonne John, w ch I have of his in my hands. — 
Wife to have £100. to be paid her in whatsoever she shall chuse. — 
Brother Thomas Alcocke of Dedham all that he oweth me, & my Heifer 
w ch is w th Calfe, wh came of the great Co we, if my goodes will howld 
out, else he shall have only hir Calfe, & I give his 2 Children each of 
them 2 lb . — To our brother Edward Porter, 20 bushles of Indian Come, 
& to our brother Chandler, the monye he oweth me. — To Elizabeth 
Blandfeild 2\ ; she shall [be] put forth where she may be well educated. 
— To my servant Joseph Wise, my young heifer, & the rest of his time, 
from after mid-somer next. — To my servant, John Plimton, his time 
from after midsomer, for 5] — My youngest sone shall have the silver 
bowles, & my wife the silver spoons. — My house and lands to be im- 
proved for the best, for the eaducation of my children, and the halfe of y e 
revenue of the farme shall be to eaducate my sone John in learninge, 
together w th the wisest improvement of his 40J — The other half to 
educate sone Samnell, for 7 yeares, begining from y e 1st daye of y e 11 
month, called January, about w ch time expired, my sone John will be 21 
yeares of age. — Part of the debts to my brother Carwithy be layde out 
on the 2 Cowes I had of Mr. Perkins. — My lovinge brethren, Phillip 
Eliot, & William Park be my executors. My brother Mr. Hooker, Mr. 

Welde, Mr. Eliote, Isacke Heath to overseers. 
Witnesses George Alcocke. 

Tho Welde 

Thorn Alcocke 
(28) 11: 1640. 

The last Will & Testament of John Tey, deceased, while he was of pfet 
minde and memorye. 

That 2 1 be given to Mr. Raynsford, — 2 l to Mr. Offiey, — To Good- 
wife Wormwoode, l l , besides satisfaction for her paynes, & 10 s to Good- 
wife Search, besides satisfaction for what she hath done for him ; & 10 B 
to John, Mr. Rainsford's man ; 2 1 to his cosin Jackson of Watterton ; & 
to John Whight, & to John Wylie such of his goods as are remayninge 

1S48.] Massachusetts Archives. 105 

to be devided betweene them both; & for his books to be oomitted to Mr. 
Eliotc, Teacher of Roxburye to be kept till hi^ sonne Allin comes of age, 
cV if he cometh over hither to be given to him safe, only one thats left 
w th Jacob Eliote, for his Trees, LO to Mr. E/iote Teacher of Roxburye, & 
10 [to] Jacob Eliote,& 3 to Phillip, & 3 to Elder Heath, & 3 to ffrances 
E/iotc Ov: the real to be devided to his kinsmen; to Goodman Dawson 
LO - : besides satisfaction for his labor, & 2 1 to the poore of boston: 
Witn( as, 
Jacob E/iote 
in eo rt 7 th : 10: 1641. 


It being among the appropriate objects of the New England Histori- 
cal and Genealogical Register to preserve accounts and circulate in- 
formation as to sources of historical knowledge, the following Catalogue, 
accompanied by a few brief notices of the valuable series of volumes in 
the Librarv of the State House, containing papers and public documents 
of the Commonwealth, during some of the most interesting periods of its 
early history, has been prepared for publication. 

The proposal for the general arrangement of these papers into vol- 
umes was laid before the Massachusetts Historical Society, at their 
meeting, December 81, 1835. On a motion made by Lemuel Shat- 
tuck, Esq., a committee of that body was appointed to petition the Leg- 
islature for this object; which resulted in the course of the ensuing 
session in the passage of a Resolution to that effect, and appropriating 
mean- to defray the expense. In pursuance of this Act of the Legis- 
latur . R •«. Joseph V>. Felt, a gentleman possessing eminent quali- 
fications for the service, was employed for the execution of the labor. 

The following is an alphabetical catalogue of the volumes of State 

srs thus produced; — giving, in the first column, the appropriate 

Titles under which they fall; in the second, the Chronological Periods 

■ which their materials extend ; and in the third, the nwriber "J' vol 

•npied with the manuscript papers under each title. 


Agri .!' 1 ire, - 

Board of War, - 

" •• Letters, 


Colonial, - 

( rannercial, • 

ngresf (Provincial,) Constitution, £&, 

I aventions, 6 

1 oonci] P - 




No. "f Yi.Ij. to 177 1. 













171 1. 




106 Massachusetts Archives. [Jan. 



No. of Vols 

Depositions, - 


1662 to 1766, 


Domestic Relations, 





Ecclesiastical, - 





Emigrants, - 





Estates, - 





Foreign Relations, 





French Neutrals, 





Hutchinson's Letters, - 





Hutchinson's MS. History, 2d vol., 


Indian Conferences, 





" Papers, 
" Treaties, - 





" Truck House Accounts, 





Inter-Charter, - 





Judicial, - 






Lands, granted, &c, - 
Laws, - 











Letters, - 





Letter Book, ... 





Literary, - 





Manufactures, - 





Maritime, - 





Messages, - 



Military, - 





" Accounts, - 





Minutes of Council, 





Miscellaneous, - 





" of Pecuniary, Military 

' 1715 



Muster Rolls, ... 





Pecuniary, - 





Penobscot Expedition, - 



Petitions, - 





Political, - 





Prize Cases, - 





Reports, --,".- 
Resolves with Papers, 



Revolution, - 




Royalists, - 



Shay's Insurrection, 





Speeches and Messages, 





1848.] Massachusetts Archives. 107 



No. of Vols 

1643 to 1774, 
1629 1774, 
1645 1774, 

1644 1774, 
1692 1770, 









Taverns, ----- 

Towns, - 

Trade, ----- 

Travelling, - 
Treasury, - 

Usurpation, - 

Valuation of Towns, 

Witchcraft, - - - - 1656 1750, 1 

Tliis Catalogue presents us with two hundred and thirty-eight folio 
volumes of manuscript papers ; to each of which is attached a table of 
contents, in chronological order. 

With regard to the plan of compilation, it was necessarily two-fold. 
The first part was to prepare the papers in their present order. The 
second was to have an index of every personal name and subject for 
each volume, at its end, and then one general index for all the volumes. 
Of the former sort of indexes, Mr. Felt made several. On the latter 
he did nothing, because it was requisite that the whole work should be 
finished, as to arrangement, before such a general index could be fitly 
commenced: and before this point had been fully reached his labors 

It will be perceived that the collection is arranged specifically, ac- 
cording to subjects cither of title or matter. Such an arrangement 
appears to be better than any other for purposes of historical reference, 
now the principal and almost only use to which these papers can be 

As a valuable addition to our State Archives, there arc several vol- 
umes, which have been procured from London. These volumes are 
copies of Legislative Records, which were forwarded to England, while 
our Commonwealth was under royal authority. Among them are the 
full proceedings of the Dudley and Androe administrations for two 
They supply a deficiency in our Records, caused by several 
events, i a great fire in 1717. Such deficiency .-till being 

great, our 1. ore have wisely made provision for its being further 

supplied. For the carrying out of this plan Governor Everett was em« 
red by the General Court while he was chief-magistrate. Accord- 
ingly, be appointed Mr. Felt to visit England. Bui as restricti 

British authorities concerning their Americau Rec- 

ords, "ii account of the difficulty about the northeastern boundary, the 

ipended. Somewhat more than two your- since, the same 

bleman was commissioned by Governor Brigga to go to England on 

tins business. Be went and examined the Records and Papers which 

relal England, and made an arrangement with a gentleman 

rho lit- transcribed the copies sent i " : " engaged t<» 

continue tb rk. 


Passengers for New England, 1638. 



[The following list of early emigrants or passengers was obtained for the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, by Henry Stevens, Esq., one of its members, lately resident 
in London.] 

Southampton, 24° Aprill, 1638. 

The List of the names of the Passengers intended for New-England, in 
the good shipp, the Confidence of London, of 200 tonnes, John Jobson 

M r - and thus by vertue of Lord Treasurers warrant of the 11th of 

Aprill, 1638. 


< Sutton, Mandifield 
{ Co. of Wilts 

meld, \ 

ts., j 

their sonnes, under 16 years of age. 

Walter Hayne, 

Eliza, his wife, 
Thomas Hayne, 
John Hayne, 
Josias Hayne, 
Saffranc, ) Al . -, , , 
Mary, t daughters. 

John Blanford, ^ 

John Riddet, > their servants, 

Rich: Bildcombe, ) 

Peter Noyce, Penton, Co. of South 11 

Thomas Noyce, his Sonne, 

Elizabeth Noyce, his daughter. 

Robert Davis, ) 

John Rutter, Vhis servants, 

Margaret Davis, ) 

Nicholas Guy, \ Upton Gray Co. of 

J ' I Southampton, 

Jane, his wife, 
Mary Guy, his daughter, 
Joseph Tavnter, ) 
Robert Bayley, } serTants ' 

John Bent, $ Penton ' Co - of South 

( ampton, 

Martha, his wife, 

Robert Bent, 

Occupation. Ages. 
Lennen Weaver, 55 

















William Bent, 
Peter Bent, 
John Bent, 

Roger Porter, 

Joane Porter, 
Susan Porter, 
Mary Porter, 
Rose Porter, 
John Sanders, 
Sara, his wife, 
John Cole, 

his children, under 12 yeares of age. 

( Long Sutton, Co. \ 
\ Southampton, j 

his daughters, 

Lanford, Co. Wilts., 


Husbd m - 




Passengers for Neiv England, 1638. 



Roger Casman, 
Richard Blake, 
William Cottle, 
Robert King, 




( Melchitt Parke, 

( Wilsheir, 
their sons, 4 years & under, 

John RoafF, 

Ann, his wife, 

John RoafF, ) 

Thomas RoafF, j 

Richard Sangar, his servant, 

Thomas Goodenowe, Shasbury, 

Jane, his wife, 

Thomas Goodenowe, his sonne, 

Ursula, his sister, 


IIusbd ra - 

Edmund Kerley, 
William Kerley, 

Edmund Morres, 


( Reniton Magna, ) 
( Co. Dorset, ) 


Husband 13, 


Husband 0- 

Stephan Kent, 

Margery, his wife, 

George Churche, ^ 

Hugh Marche, > servants, 

Anthony Sadler, ) 

Nicholas Wallington, a poore Boy, 

Rebecca Kent, servant, 

T , C , A , f Gowsham, Co. 

John Stephens, -< n - ~ 

William Stephens, " 

Eliza, his wife, 
Alice, his mother, 

John Lowgie, ) ««_.-#- 

n t • - servants, 
Grace Lowgie, ) 

Thomas Jones, Gowsham, 

Ann. his wife, & 

Eour children under 10 years, 

William Baunrhe, ) 

T , T , , ' > servants, 

Jade Denli-y. ) 

Martha Wilder, Shiplocke, Oxfordshire, Spinster, 

Mary Wilder, her daughter, 

A.ugustin Bearce, 

John Keene, 

Blarthe Kt 

Eliza Keene, 

Martha Keene, 

Jo- ne, 

Sarah Keene, 

John Binson, 

Mary. hi> wife, 


( . '.-ham. Oxfordshire, ETusbandmn, 

John Binson, > , . , ., , , . 

MtlH-ir children, und<r 1 •. ■ 
ary Binson, ) J 

William II- 

John Qsbey, 














110 A Belie of Antiquity. [Jan. 

Names. Residence. Occupation. Ages. 

Barbara, his wife, 20 

Philip Da vies, his servant, 12 

Joseph Parker, Newbary, Tanner, 24 

Sarah Osgood & 4| ^ g^ 

William Osgood, ) ,.,, j n p 

William Jones, j chlldren under " y ears ' & 

Margery Parke, servant, 

John Ludwell, 50 

Henry Haufrert, ) 40 

David Whealer, j servants > 11 

Richard Bidgood, Romsey, Merchant. 

Signed Tho: Wulrries, Col: & Suff. 
Hen: Champante, Cust: 
N. Dingley, Comp tr - 
The number of the passengers 
afore mentioned, greate & little, are 
110 soules. 

(S. P. O. Am: & West Indies, v. 375.) 
(New England.) 


[Our friends will doubtless rejoice with us, that an attempt has been made to preserve 
the old house at Deerfield, so famed in New England story, from being struck from the 
page of history. We mean the visible history to the traveller. New England is a book — 
the area of its towns and cities are its leaves, and we should preserve as much of the old 
edition as we possibly can, that the identity of it may not be lost — that Deerfield may 
continue to be Deerfield still. 

Though we rejoice at the attempt to preserve the old mansion, we shall rejoice more 
when we hear that some able individuals have come forward to aid in its rescue ; for we 
are informed, that " the one thing needful " is yet wanting, notwithstanding the efforts of 
the efficient committee hitherto. 

The following notices have appeared in the Greenfield Gazette :] 


We regret to learn that the Old Indian House, situated in the ancient 
village of Deerfield, which escaped destruction when that place was burned 
by the French and Indians, in 1704, has become so inconvenient for a resi- 
dence, that the proprietor, Mr. Hoyt, deems it necessary to take it down 
and erect a new house on the old site. 

We understand that Colonel John Wilson, of Deerfield, has for some 
time been in negotiation w r ith the proprietor, for the purpose of purchasing 
this " time-ivorn " building, and removing it to some suitable place where it 
may be preserved from further decay by a few trifling repairs. He pro- 
poses to preserve the ancient structure as it is — the old door that bears 
the marks of the savage tomahawk, as it was — the room in which Mrs. 
Sheldon was killed by a shot which perforated the front door, and all the 
bullet-holes made in the same room, for the inspection of the inquiring 

The house has long attracted the attention of the antiquary, and at this 

1848.] Passengers for Virginia, 1635. Ill 

time has become a relic of public interest, which few travellers omit to 
visit on their passage through the village. 

As the house has no intrinsic value, only as a relic of olden time, it is 
believed it may be purchased for a small sum, and another >ite procured 
for a reasonable price. Will tin- public feel such an interest in its preser- 
vation as to give their aid in the contemplated purchase and removal, or 
suffer the last memorial of Indian warfare in our part of the country to be 
lost and forgotten ? Antiquary. 

Deerfield, Nov. 1G, 1847. 

At a meeting holden by citizens of Deerfield, for taking into considera- 
tion the subject of preserving the ''Old Indian House," which escaped con 
flagration in the destruction of that ancient village in 1704, it was 

Resolved, That we regret that the " Old Indian House," the last memo- 
rial of Indian warfare, we believe, in this Commonwealth, is in such a state 
as to render it necessary for the proprietor, Mr. Hoyt, to take it down, or 
to have it removed, to give place for erecting a new house on the old site ; 
and, whereas, certain negotiations have taken place with the present owner 
for the purchase of this ancient relic, with the view of preserving it for 
future generations, — Resolved, That we highly approve of the same, and 
recommend the measure to the favorable consideration of the public and 
individual- who may feel an interest in the subject. 

Resolved, That a committee of J ice be chosen to address the public and 
individual- on the subject, and use such measures as they may think ad- 
visable for procuring the necessary aid to accomplish the object in view. 

Voted, That Rev. Samuel Willard, D.D., Gen. Epaphras Hoyt, Doct. 
Stephen W. Williams, Col. John Wilson, and Pliny Arms, Esq., be the 
committee to carry the foregoing resolutions into effect. 

Voted, That the doings of this meeting be signed by the chairman and 
secretary, and published in both the papers of this county, and in such 
other journals as may be pleased to copy. 


JOHH WlLBON, Secretary. 

Deerfield, Nov. 29, 1847. 


Our valuable correspondent is at his post in London. The readers 

of the Register will remember that we gave notice on the cover of the 

r, that If. <i. Somerby, Esq., sailed \'ny England <>n the 8th 

of Last, upon Genealogical and Antiquarian researches. We 

ived from him the extensive list of" Passengers for Virginia," 

which forms the substance of this article. 

It aid of Dr. Johnson, by Boswell, that "he was horn t«. 

pie with whole libraries." By this, the extraordinary biographer 
undoubtedly meant no more than a library or two of printed book*. 
li i he meant libraries of manuscripts, he would indeed have ' 
thought ext it, though speaking of an acknowledged Hercules in 

such in But our correspondent, though laying no claim to 1 

II . from 'the extract we here give from hu letter, it will b>- 

seen, that be has already begun M to grapple M with whoU libraries of 
mamu tm 

112 Passengers for Virginia, 1635. [Jan. 

London, 18 Nov., 1847. 
Dear Sir, — 

I arrived in London after a pleasant passage of twenty-four days, and 
immediately commenced with the manuscripts relating to pedigrees. &c, of 
which there are some two hundred folio volumes. After going through 
with these, I shall take up the county histories, &c, &c. 

All the Heraldic Visitations I shall examine thoroughly. I have already 
been through with two counties, and made copious extracts. I have passed 
several American names, as I shall have sufficient to do for those who 
make it worth my while. 

I send you an extract, which I have been permitted to copy from the 
original record in custody of the Master of the Rolls. This is the 
same record from which Mr. Savage made his valuable extracts of the 
New England Passengers. There are several other ship-loads for Vir- 
ginia, Bermuda, St. Domingo, &c, some of which I shall extract and for- 
ward for the Register, as I find leisure. 

On the cover of the Record is the following : " A register of the names 
of all y e passingers w ch passed from y e porte of London for on whole yeare 
endinge at X mas - 1635." 

On the first page — " Post festum Natalis 

Christi 1634 usque 
ad festum Na: Christi 

Then follows a list of those who went to St. Domingo, after which, 
' These under written are to be transported to Virginea imbarqued in y e 
Merch 1 bonaventure James Ricrofte M r bound thither have taken y e oath 
of allegeance/ 

You will perceive an apparent repetition of the name of Richard Cham- 
pion. I can only say it is so in the original. 

Although the passengers here given, went to Virginia, their names 
are not the less important to the student in New England History, for 
it is well known that great numbers came to New England from thence. 
And we feel assured, that by this and such lists, many points in family 
history will eventually be settled. 



Will m - Sayer, 


Andrew JcfFeries, 


Bazill Brooke, 


W m - Munday, 


Robert Perry, 


Arthur Howell, 


Charles Hilliard, 


Jo: Abby, 


Edward Clark, 


James Moyscr, 


Jo: Ogell, 


Mathew Marshall, 


Richard Ilargrave, 


W m - Smith, 


Jo: Anderson, 


Garrett Riley, 


Francis S pence, 


Miles Riley, 


John Lewes, 


Will*- Burch, 


Richard Hughes, 


Peter Dole, 


John Clark, 


James Metcalf, 


W n - Guy, 


Jo: Underwood, 


John Burd, 


Robert Luck, 


James Redding, 


John Wood, 


Richard Cooper, 


Walter Morgan, 



Passengers fur Virginia^ 1G85. 


Ilenrie Irish, 
George Greene, 
Henry Quinton, 

Jo: l>r van, 

Robert Payton, 

Tho: Symoods, 
Michel] Browne, 
Jo: Hodges, 
Jo: Edmonds, 
Garrett Pownder, 
Jo: Wi 

I [enry Dunnell, 
Symon Kenneday, 
Tho; 1 1 v,-t, 
Tho: James, 
Jo: Sotterfoyth, 
Emannell Bomer, 
Leonard Wetherfleld, 
James Luckburrowe, 
Tho: Singer, 
Jesper Withy, 
Robert Kereley, 
Jo: Springall, 
Tho: Jessupp, 
James Perkyns, 
Daniel] Greene, 
AV m - Ilntton, 
Jo: Wilkinson, 
Hugh Garland, 
Richard Spencer, 
Humfrey Top-all, 
Tho: Stanton, 
Jo: "Wat -on, 
Tho: Murfie, 
John Fonntaine. 

Henry Redding, 
Longhton Bostock, 
John Russell, 
Tho: Ridgley, 
Robert Harris, 
Will"- Mason, 
\ <r Derrick, 
John Bamford, 

i , g --ion, 

.Jo: ( Sooke, 
Tho: Townson, 
Tho: Parson, 
Tho: < roodman, 

Phillip ( lonner, 
I. elot I 'n c 

I .-.r Thoiiia/in, 

Alvt-ryn ( 'o\vp«-r, 

Jos Dunn, 

1 6 Leonard Evans, 
20 Tho: Anderson, 
20 Edward Cranfield, 
25 Jo: Baggley, 

25 Tho: Smith, 

27 Will" 1 - Weston, 
35 Tho: Townsend, 
37 Edward Davies, 

16 Mary Saunders, 

19 Jane Chambers, 

2 - Margarett Maddocki 
23 Roger Stnrdevant, 

20 John Wigg, 

22 John Greenwood, 

20 Andrew Dunton, 

2 1 John Wise, 

1- W ,n - Hudson, 

17 Tho: Edenburrow, 

20 | John Hill, 

18 Henry Rogers, 

2 1 Robert Smithson, 

22 Xic 9> Harvy, 
18 James Grafton, 

18 Daniell Daniell, 
42 Reginell Hawes, 

2 1 < o'o: Burlington, 

2 1 Jo: Hutchinson, 

19 dames Crane, 

20 Richard Hurman, 

18 Sam: Ashley. 

2 1 Geo: Burlingham, 

20 Elizabeth Jackson, 

28 Sara Turner, 

20 Mary Ashley, 

18 Margerie Furbredd, 

22 Margaret Huntley, 

16 Richard Doll, 

19 Tho: Perry, 

23 I '.\or Dorothy, 
i:» Ben: Perry, 

19 Mary Carlton, 
23 Abram Silvester, 
28 Tho: Bolton, 

40 Richard Champion, 

17 Richard Champion, 
Ahram Silvi-.-o 

30 Elizabeth Nunisk, 

25 Jo: Atkinson, 

21 Rich: More. 

2 1 Ralph Nicholson, 

l - Robert More, 

1!> Joan Nubold, 

20 Tho: Hebden, 


1 1 
1 1 





Marriages and Deaths. 




Brown, Mr. Frederick A., of the firm 
of Brown & Son, Boston, to Anne M., 
daughter of Jonathan White, Esq., of 

Cilley, Col. J. S., to Elisabeth S., 
daughter of Hon. Benjamin Jenness, 
Deerrield, N. H. 

Codman, W. W., M. D., to Mrs. H. 
Amanda Nealy, Boston, Nov. 24. 

Dexter, Rev. Samuel D., to Miss Ma- 
ria G. Rhea, Roxbury, Nov. 29. 


Roxbury, Nov. 24. 

Jacobs, Rev. Ferdinand, Medway, Ga., 
Professor in Oglethorpe University, to 
Anne O., daughter of the late Hon. 
James Wheelock Ripley of Maine. 

Johnson, Hon. James H., Bath, N. H., 
Member of Congress, to Sophia Orne, 
daughter of the late Elisha Edwards, 
Esq., of Springfield, N. H., Nov. 30. 

Kimball, Mr. Moses D., to Louisa 
Catharine, daughter of T. B. Wales, 
Esq., Boston, Nov. 10. 

Loring, Mr. I. Osgood, Andover, to El- 
len Maria, daughter of Hon. Daniel P. 
King, Danvers, Dec. 1. 

Mather, Mr. Allen Cotton, to Miss 
Caroline Graham, Northampton, Dec. 

Nichols, Rev. John C, Lebanon, Ct., to 
Miss Mary Woodbridge, Hartford, 
Nov. 30. 

Oviatt, Rev. George A., Pastor of Suf- 
folk Street Union Church, to Isabella 
G., daughter of Isaac Parker, Esq., Bos- 
ton, Dec. 1. 

Perkins, Stephen H., Esq., to Elisa- 
beth S., daughter of Benjamin Welles, 
Esq., Boston, Nov. 10. 

Pray, Rev. Edward W., Mt. Clemens, 
Mich., to Sophia Frances, daughter of 
Cephas Gunn, Esq., Boston. 

Spaulding, Samuel T., Esq., Ware, to 
Maria S., daughter of Dr. T. J. Grid- 
ley of Amherst. 

Wadsworth, Rev. Charles, Troy, N. Y., 
to Sarah Jane, daughter of Oliver 
Locke, Esq., of Boston. 

Ward, Mr. Arthur L., Boston, to Anna, 
daughter of Rev. Abraham Bodwell, 
Sanbornton, N. H. 

Woodhouse, George, M. D., Meredith 
Bridge, N. H., to Elisabeth A., daugh- 
ter of Prof. Cleaveland of Bowdoin 
College, Nov. 15. 


Balestier, Mrs. Maria Revere, Singa- 
pore, East Indies, Aug. 22, wife of Joseph 

Balestier, Esq., U. S. Consul, and daugh- 
ter of the late Col. Paul Revere, Boston. 

Beard, Mr. James, lately from England, 
Newark, N. J., Nov. 24, a. 80. He was 
the father of twenty-seven children, of 
whom twenty-two are daughters. 

Bennett, Rev. Joseph, Woburn, by sui- 
cide under mental derangement, Nov. 
19, a. 55. He had been twenty -five years 
a faithful pastor of the Congregational 
Church in that place. H. C. 1818. 

Bigelow, Mrs. Louisa Ann, London, 
Eng., Oct. 22, a. 47, wife of Hon. John 
P. Bigelow, Boston. 

Blake, Sherburne, Esq., Exeter, N. H., 
a. 74. 

Boies, Miss Susan A., Keene, N. H., Nov. 
25, a. 19, daughter of the late Rev. Arte- 
mas Boies of Boston. 

Bowen, Mr. William, Grafton, N. H., 
a. 93, a revolutionary pensioner. 

Brown, Mrs. Amelia B., wife of the late 
Dr. John Brown, Thetford, Vt., Nov. 3. 

Burleigh, Mrs. Sarah N., Somersworth, 
N. H., Nov. 6, wife of John A. Burleigh, 
Esq., and daughter of Oliver Briard, 
Esq , late of Portsmouth. 

Burnham, Dea. Eppes, Concord, N. H., 
Nov. 8, a. 66. 

Carter, Col. John, Concord, N. H., Nov. 
6, a. 88, a revolutionary pensioner and 
colonel of a regiment of volunteers in 
the war of 1812~ 

Chapin. Mrs. Jerusha, wife of Rev. Dr. 
Chapin, Wethersfield, Ct., Dec. 4, a. 71. 
She was the daughter of the second 
President Edwards. 

Coleman, Miss Olivia Maria, Prince- 
ton, N. J., Sept. 28, a. 20, daughter of 
Rev. Lyman Coleman, D. D., formerly 
of Belchertown, Ms. 

Crocker, Rev. Zebulon, Middletown, 
Ct., Nov. 14, a. 45, pastor of the church 
at Upper Houses. 

Cushman, Mrs. Maria Jane, Ports- 
mouth, N. H., Nov. 1, a. 57, wife of Hon. 
Samuel C. Cushman. 

Farrar, Mr. George, son of Hon. Wil- 
liam and Mrs. Tryphena Farrar, Lan- 
caster, N. H., Nov. 15, a. 21. 

Fuller, Silas, M. D., Hartford, Ct., a. 73, 
formerly physician to the Connecticut 
Retreat for the Insane, and lately Presi- 
dent of the State Medical Society. 

Guild, John, Esq , Dedham, Dec. 1, a. 75. 

Hawes, Dea. Benjamin, Wrentham, 
Oct. 24, a. 83. 

Hopkins, Rev. Asa Theodore, D. D., 
pastor of a Presbyterian Church, Buffalo, 
N. Y., Nov. 27, native of Hartford, Ct. 

Horton, Mrs. Judith, wife of Rev. J. 
Horton, Boston, Oct. 28, a. 48. 

Houghton, Ma.t. Jonas, Bolton, Dec. 1, 
a revolutionary pensioner. 


Indian Monument at Farmington, Ct. 


Jcdson, Daniel, Esq., Strafford, Ct., 
Oct. 4, a. 84, a descendant of William 
Judson, a Puritan who came to Massa- 
setts in 1034. 

Kent, Hon. James, LL.D., New York, 
Dec. 13, a. 81, Y. C. 1781. He had been 
recorder of the city of New York, chief 
justice, and chancellor of the State. 

Lane, Dr. Alfred A., Boston, Dec. 2, 
a. 39. 

Lar.ned, Mrs. Lucy F., Pittsfield, Nov. 
12, wife of Col. B. F. Lamed, assistant 
paymaster general of the U. S. army, 
and daughter of Hon. Nathan Willis of 

Leonard, Mr. Phinkas, W 7 est Springfield, 
Nov. 10, a. 0G, a revolutionary pensioner. 

Lincoln, Mrs. Malvina VVellman. 
New York. Nov. 10, wife of Rev. Thomas 
0. Lincoln, pastor of the First Baptist 
Church, Manchester, N. H. 

Lyman, Hon. Joseph. Northampton, Dec. 
12, a. SO. He had been judge of probate, 
sheriff of the county, and a delegate to 
the Hartford convention. 

Moriarty, Joseph, M. 1). at IT. C, 1S34. 
Boston. Dec. 4, a. 30. He was hospital 
physician at Deer Island, and died at the 
house of his father-in-law, John Han- 
cock, Esq., Boston. 

Page. Mrs ABIGAIL, Nov. 2, a. 77, mother 
of Harlan Page. * 

Park. Mr. Ros well, Preston, Ct., a revo- 
lutionary soldier, a. 90. 

Phblps, Mas. Harriet Eliza, Brooklyn, 
N. Y.. Oct. 10, a ah. 32. She was the 
wife of Samuel W. Phelps, Esq., Cincin- 
nati, and the youngest daughter of the 
late Simeon Drake of Concord, N. H., 
and sister of Mr. S. G. Drake of Boston. 

Porter, Dr. William, Hadley, Nov. 6, 
a. 83, a descendant of President Ed- 

Ripley, Rev. Samuel, Concord, Nov. 24, 
a. 64, died very suddenly in his carriage, 
H. C. 1S04. He was the son of the Rev. 
Dr. Ripley of Concord, was for many 
years minister of the Unitarian Society 
in Waltham, and, when he died, lived in 
Concord, and preached to a society in 

Smith, Mrs. Mary Ltnde, Boston, Nov. 
11, a. 73, relict of the late Dr. Nathan 

Steele, Thomas, Esq, Peterborough, 
N. H., a. 94, a patriot of the evolution. 

Stoddard, Prof. Solomon, Northamp- 
ton, Nov. 11, a. 47, Y. C. 1820. Tutor, 
associate with Prof. Joseph G. Cogs- 
well, LL.D, of the Round Hill School, 
and Prof, of Languages in Middlebury 

Tenney, Rev. Caleb Jewett, D. D., 
Northampton; Sept. 28, a. 07, D. C. 1801. 
He had been settled in the ministry at 
Newport, R. I., and Wethersfield, Ct. 

Trail, Maj. John, Marblehead, Nov. 15, 
a. 08. 

Wheaton, Dr. Jesse. Dedham, a. 84. He 
was a prisoner on board the celebrated 
Jersey prison ship 

Wheeler, Abner B., M. D., Boston, Dec. 
9, a. 30. H. C. 1831. 

Wheeler, Mrs. Sarah Ann Worth- 
in gton, Burlington, Vt., Nov. 2, a. 48. 
She was the wife of the Rev. President 
Wheeler, and daughter of the late John 
Hopkins, Esq.. of Northampton. 

Whitman, Mr. Francis, Boston. Nov. — , 
a. 20. He was the son of the Hon. Ed- 
ward Whitman of Farminston. Ct., and 
was in partnership with Dr. Morton of 

Withington, Mr. Lemuel, North Bridg- 
water, Nov. 12, a. 90. He was of Dor- 


By order of the School Society of Farmin^ton. Ct., a monumental block of red sand- 
stone, was erected the present year 1 1840] to the memory of the Indians. It stands in the 
ground, on tin; hank of the river. The spot is one of tad historical in! 
the following inscription on one side of the monument explains: 


«>r i in: Tin US 1 RIBE, I BE \\< [] \ i 
i i v\\ i - OF Tin BE GROUNDS. 
many human skeletons km Onflrm the tradition that thit not WOt formerly 

//lure. Tradition farther declares it to be the ground on which a $angumart) 
and Stockbridge tribes. Some of th* rtditmaieu 

'i thit stone. 

of the monument bean t!ie following lines: 

Chieftains <■• Btsangers came with Iron sway, 

In jronr am ienl burial pie And ronr tribes have passed •> 

B ■ fat! Bnt ronr fate ihall cherished be, 

v m pear': -.-fiirfly p In the itrangi rs' memorj ; 

Sni' yon looked your latti Vlrtne ion- her 

r your land !. Where tin- red i 

— Vortrrt HitlOTV al Ihtrour$r 

116 Notices of New Publications. [Jan. 


A Genealogical Account of the Ancient Winsor Family in the "United 
States. Collected principally from Records in the several Branches thereof, 
introduced by an Account of their Progenitors in the Male Line, for several 
Generations previous to the emigration to America. By the late Olney 
Winsor. 8vo. Providence : L. W. Winsor. 1847. pp. 12. 

The title-page of the tract before us conveys pretty fully the idea of what the author 
intended to do for his family, but it will readily be perceived that within the compass of 
twelve pages, he could not go very fully into particulars. He is of opinion that the 
Winsors in this country are descended from the family who took, or gave name to, 
Winsor Castle, so world celebrated, in all modern days. 

The author of this history connects his family with that of Robert Windsor, a conspicuous 
personage in the reign of the eighth Henry. He then descends by the regular steps of 
father and son, to Joshua Winsor, who came to America, and settled in Providence, R. I., 
1638. This is probably the only date he was able to give up to that time, as no other 
appears. It is to be hoped that the publisher, who is a professed antiquary, will pursue 
the inquiry into his family history till he shall have satisfied himself that little else is to be 
gathered in the field about which his ancestor has set up landmarks. 

A Numbering of the Inhabitants : together with Statistical and other 
Information relative to Woonsocket, R. 1. By S. C. Newman. 12mo. 
Printed by S. S. Foss. 1846. pp. 55. 

Perhaps we cannot better introduce this little work to the notice of our readers than by 
giving them its entire Preface. 

" This little book was written under a conscious belief that the Public would be better 
off with than without it, and this is deemed, by its author, a sufficient apology for the 
production of any book." 

Contemners of long Prefaces will certainly find nothing in the length of this to indulge 
their spleen upon. The work is literally a naming, as well as a numbering of the inhabi- 
tants. It consists chiefly of an alphabetical list in a tabular form, so as to show the age, 
whether male or female, whether under or over 10 years of age, and whether natives or 
foreigners. A synopsis of the whole shows that the town contains 886 families ; 4856 
individuals, of whom 1298 are foreigners. To the work is prefixed a "Sketch of 
Woonsocket, as it was," and it may with as much correctness be said to end with 
Woonsocket as it is. 

The Genealogy and History of the Family of Williams in America, 
more particularly of the Descendants of Robert Williams of Roxbury. 
By Stephen W. Williams, M. D., A. M., &c. &c. 12mo. Greenfield. 
1847. pp. 424, and 13 Portraits. 

This is a Volume, in point of execution, especially as regards its mechanical features, 
without a rival in this department of literature. Such Memoirs are becoming frequent, as 
our pages bear testimony, and we hope they will become more so in future. If being in 
the company of persons of good character and standing tends to elevate the mind of an 
individual, then Memoirs of Families must exert a benign influence upon the general 
character of the people of that community where such Memoirs are produced, especially 
where the general character of individuals composing such families is of an elevated cast. 

The author of these Memoirs has been long and favorably known for his writings, and 
although he has produced several works of acknowledged merit and high reputation, we 
venture to predict, that the present would be sufficient to carry his name down to the 
remotest posterity, had he attempted no other. Every one who has set out in an enterprise 
of this nature will readily sympathize with Dr. Williams when they read his "Proem," 
from which we make the following extract. 

" The task has been vastly more arduous than one at first thought would have supposed 
it could have been ; for, in order to obtain any thing like correct data in relation to the 
genealogy and history of a family so numerous as that of Williams, it has been necessary 
to institute a most extensive correspondence with distinguished individuals of the name, or 

1348.] Notices of New Publications. 117 

with individuals connected, with the family, throughout the length and breadth of the 
United States, and even in England." 

In any work made up almost entirely of facts and dates, errors must l>e looked for; yet 
we doubt not this is as free from them as any work of the kind can reasonably he expected 
to be. In our cursory glance over its pages we have stumbled upon some errors in dates 
which an ordinary proof-reader would have detected, and hence such do not detract from 
the value of the work. We should have been pleased to have seen an arrangement of the 
matter under a different system from that adopted by Dr. Williams, and we hope that the 
edition of his work will, (as it ought to be) speedily be taken up, so as to allow him to 
give another edition to the public. In such an event we should expect no more, but only 
such improvements as his own experience might suggest. On the whole, we heartily thank 
him for the great good he has done for his country, in this Memorial of one of its most 
distinguished families. 

The Genealogy and History of the Taintor Family, from the period of 
their emigration from JVales, to the present time. By Charles M. 
Taixtok. lHrno. Greenfield: Printed by Merriam and Mirick. 1817. 

pp. &s 

Such is the title of a little work, sent the Publisher by an unknown hand, and we need 
not say we gladly hail every attempt of this nature with feelings of gratitude. It shows 
OS that the number is not small, to whom, in the language of the author, "it seems a 
praiseworthy undertaking, to seek to preserve a remembrance of the early Fathers of New 
England,* 1 and that 'they were certainly deserving of an enduring memorial.'' 

The first of the name of Taintor which the author was able to find in this country, is 
'Charles, who, with his sons and daughter, were in New England, in A. D., 1643." He 
was not, probably, the lirst in New England, for we find Josejih Tuyntir, aged 2."), about to 
embark fur New England, " in the good shipp the Confidence of London," 24 April, IG'58. 
He seems to have been a >ingle man. whether the father of Charles, the progenitor of the 
family now sketched, we know not; nor whether he ever lived to reach New England. lie 
seems not only to have sailed from, but to have belonged to. Southampton, England. This 
i- all the information we are in possession of, relative to persons of the name of Taintor. 
The family has nourished at Branford, Colchester. Windsor, Ct., and various places in 
- and New York. 

AmO"g the early marriages in this family we see the names of Swain, Loomis, Butler, 
Rogers, Foote, Moore, Clarke, Skinner, Bulklcy, IVclls, Otis, Lewis, Barker, Tyler, Strong, &c. 

A Catalogue of the Names of the First Puritan Settlers of the Colony 

of Connecticut; with the Time of their Arrival in the Colony and their 

Si mding < ty, together with their Place of Residence, as far as can 

red by the records. Collected from the Slate and Town Records. 

I;, EL R. IIinmav. 

Thi- work of the Hon. Mr. Ilinman was issued in four numbers, the first in 1840. and 
the fourth recently. The whole contain 2.V5 pages of octavo size. It is just what it 
purports to be, and appears to be executed with much labor and great fidelity. The names 
of the individuals are arranged alphabetically and are, therefore, easily found. As a book 
of reference it is very valuable. In this work of history and genealogy, Mr. Ilinman has 

? formed an important service — one which the present and future generations of the 
'Ogrims must highly prize. Mr. Ilinman is, also, author or compiler of a number of other 
histories] work- respecting Connecticut, for the production of which he has been favorably 
Ited, having resided at Hartford and been Secretary of State. 

A I mal Discourse, delivered before the Church of Christ and 

S Pa ish in PeppereU\ Muss., January 29, 1*17. By David 

Pastor of the Church. Boston: Well-Spring Press, A. J. 
Wright, Printer. 1847. 

1 I by Mr ' - for the oceaaion, was Ephesiani : And 

are !,ui!f upon the foundation of the epostlei and prophet-. J< mi < nrisl himself beinff l 
f corner-stone, in whom all the building fitly framed togetl 1 1 ■ | " boto 

iptfl in the Lord : in whom y<: al-o an; budded together fct an habitation '■'■ I • "' ihfOV 

the Spirit."' 

118 Notices of Neiv Publications. [Jan. 

Having discussed the text and applied his remarks to the church in that place, he 
proceeds to give a succinct history of the church and parish. This he does under different 
heads, as Early Settlement of the place ; Organization of the Parish and the first Preach- 
ing ; First Meeting-house ; Organization of the Church ; Settlement of the first Pastor ; 
Settlement of the second Pastor; Settlement of the third Pastor. The Rev. Joseph 
Emerson was the first Pastor. He was the son of the Rev Joseph Emerson of Maiden, 
and was born Aug. 25, 1724, O. S., graduated at H. C. 1743, ordained, Feb. 25, 1747, and 
died on the Lord's Day, Oct. 29, 1775, aged 51 years The Rev. John Bullard was the 
second Pastor. He was born at Medway, graduated at H. C. 1776, ordained Oct. 18, 1779, 
and died Sept. 18, 1821, aged 65 years. The Rev James Howe was the third Pastor. He 
was a native of Jaffrey, N. H., born Aug. 13, 1796, graduated at I). C. 1817, ordained Oct. 
16, 1822, deceased on Lord's Day, July 19, 1840. The Rev. David Andrews is the present 
and fourth Pastor. He was a native of the South Parish in Dedham, and was born Sept. 
15, 1807, graduated at A. C. 1836, and ordained as a colleague Pastor Jan. 29, 1840. 

Mr. Andrews closes the Sermon with some appropriate and faithful addresses to the 
Church and Parish. 

A History of the Churches of all Denominations in the City of New 
York, from the first Settlement to the year 1846. By Jonathan Green- 
leaf, Pastor of the Wallabout Presbyterian Churoh, Brooklyn. New 
York: E. French, 136 Nassau Slreet. Portland: Hyde, Lord & Duren. 

The Author of this work was Pastor of the church in Wells, Me., from March 8, 1815, 
to Sept. 4, 1828, when he was appointed Preacher to the seamen in Boston. He became 
Pastor of the Mariners' Church, February, 1830, and held that office until November, 1833, 
when he was appointed Corresponding Secretary of the American Seamen's Friend Society, 
New York. There he remained till about the time he was settled in his present situation. 
Mr. Greenleaf has long been favorably known for his "Ecclesiastical History of the State 
of Maine," published in 1821. From the testimony of ministers of the different denomi- 
nations in New York, it appears that his present history is well prepared and highly 
acceptable. It gives an account of two hundred and ninety-seven churches, which do now 
exist or have existed in the City. It is printed in an 18mo volume of 380 pages and must 
have been a work of much labor and research. 

The Proceedings of the First General Assembly of" The Incorporation 
of Providence Plantations," and the Code of Laws adopted by that 
Assembly, in 1647. With Notes Historical and Explanatory. By 
William R. Staples, one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Rhode 
Island, and Member of the R. I. Historical Society. Providence: Charles 
Burnett, Jr., 1847. pp. 64. 

In the Preface it is stated, " Within a few years past several publications have issued from 
the Rhode Island press, illustrative of particular parts of Khode Island. These have 
excited considerable attention to the subject, and are valuable in themselves, and as 
collections of facts and documents for the future State historian. It is now proposed to 
add to the number of these publications, 'The Proceedings of the first General Assembly 
of the " Incorporation of Providence Plantations," and the Code of Laws adopted by that 
Assembly.' " The principal object of the pamphlet is to give publicity to that Code which 
has never been printed, and to the Proceedings of the Assembly that adopted it. The 
historical and explanatory notes, as well as the Preface and Introduction, by Judge Staples, 
are important, and enhance much the value of the pamphlet. For this and all his lahors, 
(and they have been many.) for the promotion of the knowledge of the history of Phode 
Island, and especially in the establishment and prosperity of the Khode Island Historical 
Society, he is entitled to great commendation. 

Collections of the American Statistical Association. Volume I. Boston: 
Printed for the Association, by T. R. Marvin. 1847. pp. 596. 

The American Statistical Association was formed at the Pooms of the American Educa- 
tion Society in Boston, Dec. 11, 1839, and incorporated Feb. 5, 1841. The Hon. Pichard 
Fletcher, LL. D., was the first President. George Cheyne Shattuck, M. P., is the 

1848.] Notices of New Publications. 119 

present President, Rev. Joseph Barlow Felt, Corresponding Secretary, "William Brigham, 
Bs [., Home Secretary, and Joseph Emerson Worcester, LL. D., Foreign Secretary. 
Immediately upon its formation, the Association published its Constitution and By-Laws, 
together with an Address prepared by Prof. Bela Bates Edwards, I). 1). In 1843, it issued 
Part I. Vol. I., prepared by Rev. Joseph B. Felt. This No. contains Statistics of Towns 
in Massachusetts, Heights, Latitudes and Longitudes of Eminences in Massachusetts 
above the Level of the Sea, Latitudes and Longitudes of Objects whose Positions have 
been determined by Secondary Triangles, Latitudes and Longitudes of Light-Houses in 
Massachusetts, Indexes. In 1845, the Society published Part II. Vol. I. This No. was 
also prepared by Mr. Fell and contains Statistics of Population in Massachusetts, with a 
full Index of the same. Part III. Vol. I., which is much the largest, has just passed from 
the press, and contains Statistics of Taxation in Massachusetts, including Valuation and 
Population, together with an Appendix and Indexes. This No., too. is the production of 
the Rev. Mr. Felt, so that in truth he is the Author of this Volume of Statistics, which is 
published by, and under the auspices of, the American Statistical Association. The Vol- 
ume is highly valuable as a work of reference on the great subjects of Political Economy, 
and does honor to the patient research, thorough investigation, and industrious toil of the 
Author, and to the Society under whose patronage it goes forth. 

A Semi- Centennial Discourse, delivered in Georgetown, June 7, 1817, 
on the Fiftieth Anniversary of his Ordination, by Isaac Braman, Senior 
Pastor of the Congregational Church in that Town. Georgetown : 
Charles Nason, Printer, Watchtower otlice. 

Mr. Braman selected for his text, John i : 22. " Then said they unto him, "Who art 
thou? — What sayest thou of thyself?" In the sermon, he took occasion to give in a 
modest and becoming manner, a brief notice of himself; alluded to the Revolutionary 
War and the trials of that period ; gave a candid and graphic history of the church and 
parish : named the professional gentlemen and some of the more distinguished individuals 
who have resided in the place; and closed with the usual addresses at such times. The 
whole was interspersed with anecdotes and shrewd remarks, interesting and not untimely. 
The discourse throughout was frank, honest, and appropriate. 

A" the public exercises, prayers were offered by the Rev. Messrs. Hartshorn, Pastor of 
the Baptist Church. Braman of Danvers, son of the aged Pastor, and Prince, the junior 
Pastor; original hymns, written by Mrs. L. 8. Weston and Mr. W. B. Tappan, together 
with anthems, were sung by the choir. 

A pro session was then formed under the direction of William Cogswell, M 1)., as 
Marshal, and pro -ceded to the Hall, there to partake of a sumptuous collation. Charles 
S Tenney, EM] . presided at the table. After refreshment had been received, short 
tresses were delivered, by the Rev. Dr. Dana of Newburyport, Rev. Dr. Pierce of 
B okline, Jndge Cummins and Rev. Dr. Cogswell of Boston, Asahel Huntington, Esq., 
of Salem, Rev. Dr. Perry and Jeremiah Spofford, M. D,of Bradford, and Rev. Messrs. 
Wil _' • : of Newbury and Phelps of Groton. These addresses were accompanied with 

We add, Mr. Braman was born at Norton. July 5, 1 770, and was the youngest of eleven 
children. t!i; - and eight daughters His father was Sylvanus Braman, and bis 

m '•:.•!• srai Experience Blanchard of Weymouth. His parents, grandparents, and great- 
ndparents all lived in Norton. Mr Braman graduated at Harvard University in I7 ( u. 
i ordained al New Rowly, (now Georgetown,) June 7, 1797. He married for his first 

wife Hannah, daughter of the Rev. Joseph Palmer of Norton. Aug. 31, L797, by whom he 
: five children; Harriet, wife of Rev. John Boardman, of Douglass; Milton Palmer, 

pastor of the North Church in Danvers-. James Chandler, who died at sea, Dec. 5. \t 

i -line, who died Sept. 10, 1830, Bgcd T.) j and [gnac tJordon, M. Da phv-irmn. 

mi. ui deceased, Aug. 14, i s ;.">. aged 62 yean. Mr. Braman married for his second 
wif 8 - Ich, daughter of John Balch, Esq., merchant of Newburyport, March 29, 

1837 - ttiQ survives. Mr. Braman hat been an able, faithful, and affectionati 
and has the esteem and confidence of all who are acquainted with him. 

The Life of Thomas Shepard. By John A A.lbro. Written for 
the Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, and approved by the Committee 
of Publication. Boston: lis tchusetts Sabbath School Society Depository, 
N i 18 CornhilL 1847. 

Of dial noble band of Christian heroes, who by their labori and raftering! In their 

aesses into fruitful fields, no on< bore a n 

120 Notices of Neiv Publications. [Jan. 

prominent part, or deserves to be held in more grateful remembrance, than Thomas 
Shepard. Though from the humble and unostentatious manner in which his acts were 
performed, his name may not appear in the annals of the Church so frequently as those of 
some others, yet in learning, talents, piety, and holy influence he was inferior to none, and 
was perhaps as instrumental as any in laying the foundation and settling the order of the 
first churches in Massachusetts. To him also we owe in a great degree the establishment 
of Harvard College at Cambridge. The Memoir exhibits much knowledge of the early 
history of the Churches in New England, and is written in an interesting and appropriate 
stvle of narration, and is a valuable contribution to the Library of " The Lives of the 
Chief Fathers of New England." 

Honorable Old Age. A Discourse occasioned by the Centennial Anni- 
versary of Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL. D., delivered at Hollis, N. H, July 
11, 1847. By Timothy Farrar Clary. Printed by request. Andover: 
Printed by William H. Wardwell. 1847. pp. 28. 

The Discourse is founded upon Proverbs xvi : 31. " The hoary head is a crown of glory, 
if it be found in the way of righteousness." 

The sermon, which was by a grandson of Judge Farrar, is appropriate and must have 
been deeply interesting on the occasion. A brief notice of this venerable man we trust 
will not be unacceptable to our readers. Judge Farrar was born at Lincoln, Ms., June 28, 
1747, Old Style, and, consequently, he was a hundred years old, the 10th day of July last. 
He graduated at Harvard College in 1767, and is now the oldest graduate of that University 
living. Having located himself at New Ipswich, N. H., he was appointed in 1775 a Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas ; in 1791 he was promoted to the Supreme Bench as an 
Associate Justice, and in 1802 was appointed Chief- Jus dee, but declined the appointment. 
He finally accepted the appointment of Chief-Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, and 
continued in that office until he had served on the Bench of the one or the other of these 
Courts about forty-three years. He has been one of the Governor's Council, an Elector 
of President and Vice-President, and a Trustee of Dartmouth College. With his daughter 
in Hollis, N. H., he now resides, and is a remarkable instance of the preservation of 
physical and mental vigor at so advanced age, waiting with Christian resignation and 
patience until his change come. Judge Farrar of Boston is his son, and Samuel Farrar, 
Esq., of Andover, and Prof. John Farrar of Cambridge, are his nephews. 

A Historical Discourse, delivered by request before the Citizens of Farm- 
ington, November 4, 1840, in Commemoration of the Original Settle- 
ment of the Ancient Town, in 1640. By Noah Porter, Jr. 8vo. 
Hartford: L. Skinner. 1841. pp.99. 

This is an exceedingly well prepared and valuable production. It was an effort on an 
occasion well calculated for an exhibition of the abilities of the writer ; and while those 
abilities are very apparent, it is evident that the author had a vastly higher object in view 
than a display of any qualities of his own. He seems to have had no other aim than that 
of setting the forefathers before us in their true character. We have space only for a brief 
extract from his work, by which his design will be much better understood, than by any 
thing we could say in his behalf. 

" One claim they [the first settlers] have upon their descendants, which is peculiar. 
They toiled for us, not as men commonly toil for their posterity, in an incidental and 
necessary way, with their eyes mainly tixed on selfish and present gain ; but with the most 
distinct reference to those who were to come after them ; in whom they trusted that their 
spirit would ever live, and who upon this soil, would enjoy the rich blessings, which their 
faith beheld in the ' good foundation ' of principles and institutions ; brought as the ark of 
the covenant by reverent hands and with priestly adoration across the western sea." 

For our copy of the above 1 noticed work we are indebted to Simeon Hart, Esq., of 




VOL. II. APRIL, 1848. NO. II. 


Born, 1612.— Died, 1662. 

The events of the period before us, to the readers of its history, are 
of the most exciting, and to the New England reader, not only exciting, 
but of painful interest. The humane and sensitive mind cannot contem- 
plate it without a desire to turn from it, and to bury its recollection in 
oblivion : while at the same time it will continue to haunt the memory, 
and chain the imagination like a thing of life. 

It was during this period that our ancestors betook themselves to 
the ragged and iron-bound coasts of New England, to escape the iron 
hands of their fellow-men. Among them came early here, to Boston, 
" in the Massachusetts Bay," young Sir Hxnby Vane.* "\Vc Bay 
young, for he was indeed so, being scarcely four-and-twenty when he 
arrived. As usual of most noted men, we have almost nothing about 
his youthful days ; but of one thing we are quite sure, he had knowl- 
far in advance of what is common for his years. ]fc had had 
great advantages, we arc told, and we have good evidence that he 
made good improvement of those advantages. He came to mature 
at a time when few men dared to think for themselves about 
tera of religion and government; and although we do not, like some 
of his . imagine that he was so far beyond his times in these 

matt represent him, neither, on the other hand, do we think 

geable with more fanaticism and [ess judgment than many of 
mporaries, since acknowledged by all the world as great men. 
Those who hai i accustomed to new Roger William- in his true 

character, — a great and wonderful man. a pioneer in establishing re- 
ligious and consequently political lil . —must accord the Bame rir- 
to Sir Henry V ••. It is true, the latter did not lay down his 
fife here in our land, nor wae he compelled to fly to the wudernej 
enjoy his opinions ; but he did die for them, when and where the great- 
i would • to the world. If Roger William- deserves all 

ition \'v>>]\\ posterity which he now has, and which 

* W lie in idrano not knighted until Jm 


122 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

are sure to increase in all future time, Sir Henry Yane certainly de- 
serves no less. 

Although Roger Williams was not deprived of his life for the cause 
he espoused, yet his memory is not the less to be cherished and hon- 
ored. Where is there a parallel in the history of man, to the case of 
Williams, when alone he ventured amidst the warriors of Miantunno- 
moh, in the heat of a murderous and cruel war ? Nowhere, we an- 
swer, unless it be the case of Sir Henry Yane, trusting himself to the 
mercy of Charles the Second. The former was spared by the mag- 
nanimity of an Indian chief, but the latter was murdered by the 
treachery of an English king ! 

Cromwell and Yane travelled the same road, made dark and dan- 
gerous by long-established laws and usages, which had originated in 
crime and error. On reaching an unexplored wilderness, thence- 
forth they diverged. From this point they could not agree to pro- 
ceed together. Yane was of the opinion, that, to follow Cromwell's 
direction, would in the end bring them to the place whence they at 
first set out, and hence nothing would be gained, but every thing 
would be lost by the journey ; while Cromwell, with equal honesty and 
sincerity, endeavored to persuade his friend, that, although the way he 
proposed was then utterly impracticable, he doubted not but in due 
time the desired land of promise might be reached in safety in the way 
he proposed. In brief, Cromwell saw that the people of England were 
not ready for so great a change as Yane and his followers believed 
them to be ; and, as time has revealed its events, it is plain that the 
former was the better judge of the future. It was soon discernible, that 
the great body of the people much better understood how to effect an 
overthrow of a government than to establish or maintain one upon the 
principles of their leaders. The step was altogether too great for their 
comprehension. To break down the " divine right " of a king, was 
easy to be understood, but to establish in its stead the natural rights 
of man, was by no means so clear a matter to ordinary minds. Crom- 
well saw this plainly ; and circumstances which he could not control, 
threw him into a position, from which he could neither retreat, nor 
long maintain it. It was in this exposed situation, that he was com- 
pelled to lay bare his breast to friends as well as foes. It was here 
that he most manfully defended the rights of man. It was here that 
his character shone with the greatest brilliancy. It was here that he 
was so assailed on all sides, that all avenues of retreat seemed to be 
cut off, except that to the eminence of a king. And yet his real situa- 
tion does not seem to have been fully understood by many of his 
friends, and especially by Yane. 

It is much easier for us to tell how a thing might have been done, 
and how we should have done it, than to prove ourselves possessed of 
more virtue and wisdom than those whose conduct we question. Let 
those who condemn Yane and Cromwell, think of this. 

Many good men believed, with Sir Henry Yane, that the time had 
arrived in which kings should be tolerated no longer. No man of com- 
mon understanding at this day, and in our country, doubts the correct 
ness of the theory of the enlightened minds of that age upon that 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 123 

matter ; but the experience of two hundred years has not been able to 
break the spell by which the minds of men were bound to royalty in 
that hemisphere. 

The great fault of Sir Henry Vane was, according to the notions 
of some of his enemies, that he attempted to put his principles in 
practice before it could be done without destroying his own cause. 
This is the only palliation which can be offered for their opposition to 
him. That same spirit, and the same opposition to reformers, has been 
visible ever since, and everywhere. Vane knew no half-way truths; — 
Popery was wrong, or it was right. Kings had their power from God, 
so had the people ; — kings were accountable to God, so were the 
people ; — kings had usurped a power over the people, and in the exer- 
cise of that power had done the people all manner of violence, accord- 
ing to law, however ; law of which kings were the fountain and makers, 
and hence, it was said, being above law, could do no wrong. 

Vane gave his life a sacrifice for the same principles for which so 
many yielded up theirs at Bunker Hill and on a hundred other fields. 

There is a nice question which will always be open to discussion, 
when the merits of Vane and Cromwell are considered and compared. 
Did the former feel confident of the clemency of Charles II., even if 
he had smothered his principles and humbled himself before and at his 
trial ? Had he been assured of pardon if he had promised this ? These 
are questions more easily answered in a writer's own mind, than they 
would be likely to be in the minds of his readers. One thing is cer- 
tain, Vane never wavered nor quailed. By his steady course and un- 
flinching firmness, he dared the despot to take his life. He knew he 
could not do this without breakin/j the oath of a kinr/. And here 
arises another question. Had he no experience in the word of kings '.' 

The denunciations of traitor and usurper were raised by all royalists 
against Cromwell ; and not only by all royalists, but by some who had 
ised his own or the people's cause. But to us it is no longer a 
question, how far he is answerable for that of which he has been accused. 
The only question^ of importance which remain open for discussion, 
are, whether, regarding the state of the nation, Cromwell did not act 
for the best interests of the people, under the circumstances; — 
ther he was not forced into that peculiar position, by certain influ- 
ences which he could not avoid or control, to abandon which would be 
orifice the great principles for which he contended': 

Sii- Benry Vane en denounced as a fanatic ; so has Roger Wil- 

i has Cromwell. We trust that denunciations of this sort, 

at this day, will hardly he expected to he seriously considered by their 

• that will here be -aid is, that if either were 

fanatical, so were the others. If either of them were ;i tan 

were the majori our pilgrim fathers. England, too, ia indebted to 

ae kind of fanaticism for the liberty she has enjoyed since the 

time "f Sir BEei Vane. A c d with a greateror less 

f enthusiasm, according to the temperament and constitution of 

the individual t The philosopher with hi- splendid the- 

>f equal right, '•••Idly cal I in the libraries of Oxford or Cam- 

124 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

bridge, would never have won the battles of Naseby or Yorktown. 
That theory is of little value while it remains only as such. It would 
have remained to this day an idle speculation but for such practical 
spirits as Vane, Cromwell and Williams. And here our limits admon- 
ish us that it is time we proceed to detail the particulars in the life 

Sir Henry Vane was the eldest son of Sir Henry Yane, grandson of 
Henry Yane, Esq., (or Fane, as the name was then written,) of Had- 
low, or Hadloe, in Kent, and born about the year 1612. At the age 
of sixteen he was admitted a gentleman commoner of Magdalen Hall, 
Oxford. Before his admission at Oxford he studied at the famous 
Westminster school. 

The father of the subject of our memoir should receive a particular 
notice, as otherwise it would be difficult to understand some events in 
the life of the son. This active statesman was born at the family seat 
of Hadlow, about 1586 ; his mother was Margaret, daughter of Roger 
Twisden. His father having a command in the forces sent by Queen 
Elizabeth, in 1596, to the assistance of Henry IY., of France, died at 
Rouen, soon after his arrival, when his son was in the seventh year of 
his age. At seventeen he received the honor of knighthood from 
James I., after which he visited several parts of Europe with consider- 
able improvement. On his return he was elected member of parliament 
for Carlisle. His abilities and exertions on some interesting questions 
having attracted the notice of the court, he obtained the office of coffer- 
er in the household of prince Charles, whose accession to the throne in 
1625, he notified, in quality of envoy, to the states-general. 

But that which probably gained him the greatest favor with his sov- 
ereign was the advocacy of his extravagant demands for money ; for we 
find him in 1630, a privy-counsellor and comptroller of the household, 
and an ambassador to the kings of Denmark, Sweden, and the German 
princes in alliance with them. The object of this mission seems to have 
been the reinstatement of the elector palatine, king of Bohemia,* in his 
dominions and dignities. f But the fall of Gustavus Adolphus at the 
battle of Lutzen, and the death of the unfortunate Frederick, both 
which events happened in November, 1632, diminished the regret which 
the failure of Sir Henry's negotiations had doubtless occasioned. On 
his return to England he was included in the commission for executing 
the office of lord high admiral. £ In 1633 he attended the king to Scot- 
land, and on the royal progress, entertained him and his suite at Raby 
Castle, § afterwards made famous by the singular conduct of the Earl of 

* " He was sent to the queen of Bohemia about a marriage for her son with the emperor's 
daughter, and the son to be brought up in the court of the emperor; to which the queen 
would by no means hearken." — Whitclocke's Memorials. 

t Should the reader desire to be better informed about this passage of English history, 
we would refer him to Welwoods Memorials, rather than to any general history. 

\ This seems to give the lie direct to crabbed old Llovd. See his State Worthies, cd. 
1G70, p. 966. 

§ This magnificent pile owes its splendor to John de Neville, Earl of Westmoreland, who 
in 1379 obtained leave to make a castle of his manor of llaby, and to embattle and cren- 
ellate its towers. It is situated in the county of Durham, about six miles E.N.E. of Bar- 
nard Castle, on the east side of an extensive park. It has a very imposing effect, and a 

1848.] Li fe of Sir Henry Vane. 125 

Strafford. In 1639 he was appointed treasurer of the household, and 
afterwards principal secretary of state for life. 

Tins advancement of Sir Henry Vane we particularly notice, as it 
has a special bearing on what has already been said, and as it furnished 
Sir Henry the son with some experience of what was to be expected 
from the oath or word of a king. A jealousy arose between the Earl of 
Strafford and Sir Henry, but the particulars of that affair are inci- 
dental only to our subject, and cannot therefore be very fully detailed. 
It will be sufficient to state here, that the latter was implicated in the 
proceedings against the former, which proceedings led finally to his de- 
capitation ; that Charles was so much offended with him on that account, 
that he removed him from his place of treasurer of his household, and 
also from that of secretary of state. Here was a practical illustration 
of the faith of kings. This act of Charles was before the world. 

The parliament, to manifest their disapprobation of the king's con- 
duct, avowed in their declaration, " that by the instigation of evil coun- 
sellors, the king had raised an army of Papists, by which he intended 
to awe and destroy the parliament, &c. ; and the putting out the Earl 
of Northumberland, Sir Henry Vane, and others from their several 
places and employments, were sufficient and ample evidences thereof." 

It does not appear that Sir Henry acted at all in the affairs which 
brought Charles to the block ; and, in 1645, the parliament debating on 
propositions of peace with the king, voted, " that it be recommended to 
his majesty to create Sir Henry Vane, senior, a baron of the kingdom ; 
he lamenting the unhappy state of the nation in those times of confu- 
sion, and was not in any commission or employment under the parlia- 
ment."* Thus we have irlanced at a few of the events in the life of 

striking idea of the magnificence of the feudal ages may be formed from its extent, grandeur, 

and well preserved state. Its foundation is a rocky eminence, and it i^ environed with an 

embrasured wall and parapet, enclosing about two acres. The Nevilles do not appear to 

have been the first occupants here, as some competent to judge conjecture. It is even 

said to date as far back as the time of Canute. The castle has, however, in successive 

_-<»ne many changes. Its interior is divided into numerous apartments. The 

Entranec Hall is uncommonly grand : its rastness never failing to strike the beholder with 

admiration. The roof is arched, and >upported on six pillars, with capitals. Here visit- 

leave their carriages, which are admitted into the Hall, and afterwards pass oil' on the 

•.through the inner area and covered way. At one end is a flight of Steps 

iding to • nee Chamber, Music Room, Billiard Room, &C Over the Hall is 

another <-pacious apartment. 90 feet in length, 86 in height, and 84 in breadth. This was 

the ancient baronial festivals were celebrated : and -even hundred knights, 

who held of the Nevilles, are recorded to have been entertained here at one time. The 

tllditj ami Strength. A description of the kitchen and oven of this I 
tic would require more ipacc than we can hen' allow. Pennant says the latter has been 
converted into a wine cellar, the sides being divided into ten part-, each holding a b< 
• id of wine in bottle. . The park, pleasure grounds, and plantations of Raby correspond 
with th ■ rod dignity of tb its terraces is upwards of 2250 feet, or 

nearly half a mile, in length. 
This seat continued t<, be the grand residence of the Nevilles till the reign of Elizabeth, 

\th and last carl of Westmoreland of that family, engaged in a \v 
' throne hi- lovereign. Ih- died in exile in 1684. Bence his immenM 
:■■ the property of the crown. James I offered them f<>r sale, and thus Raby 
Bio the possession of Sir Henry V elder, by purchase. 1<" thisi 

!; ted to Dugdale. 

* Gran.- 

126 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

this gentleman. Others will come necessarily under consideration, but 
more immediately connected with the life of his son. 

The same author from whom a few facts have been borrowed, though 
in no manner biassed in favor of such men as Sir Henry Yane, allows 
that he was " a chief of the independent party, and a principal leader 
of the house of commons, and one of those singular characters that are 
seen but once in an age, and such an age as that of Charles I. It is 
hard to say whether he was a more fanatic visionary, or profound poli- 
tician. He did not, like the generality of enthusiasts, rely supinely on 
heaven, as if he expected every thing from thence ; but exerted him- 
self as if he entirely depended on his own activity. His enthusiasm 
seems never to have precipitated him into injudicious measures, but to 
have added new powers to his natural sagacity." 

If a royal biographer could allow thus much praise to a pioneer re- 
publican, it is not a little strange how a true American could denounce 
him as a mere fanatic* 

From the time young Vane left the university till he departed for New 
England, very little can be gathered concerning him. His father being 
a man of large fortune, was enabled to give him the best advantages 
for improvement, and soon after he had completed his studies at home 
he was sent abroad. He resided some time in France and Geneva, but 
whether he extended his travels further we are not informed. It ap- 
pears that on his return from Geneva he was found to have imbibed 
strong sentiments adverse to the religion and government of his native 
country ; that when his father became acquainted with his new princi- 
ples, he was greatly displeased, and, as was usual, in that age, upon the 
principle that a man can change his mind at will, ordered his son to 
renounce his opinions. Here commenced what some writers have been 
pleased to term a quarrel between the father and son. 

It soon came to the knowledge of the king, that the heir of a consid- 
erable family had entertained heretical opinions. He immediately ap- 
pointed Bishop Laud to deal with him according to his demerits. Of the 
prelate, it is said, that "though he seemed to treat him gently at first, 
concluded harshly enough against him in the end ;" but in what man- 
ner is not stated. 

From these hints and a few others of a like nature, no one can be at 
a loss for the occasion of Sir Henry Vane's emigration to New Eng- 
land. He came here to enjoy his opinions without molestation, as our 
honored fathers came. When Laud found he could make no progress 
in reclaiming his charge to Popery, he reported the same to the king, 
and it was agreed between him and the father of Henry, that he should 
be sent, or have leave to emigrate, to America. By some it is said that 
the period of his absence was limited to three years. 

We are now to give an account of Mr. Vane during his stay in New 

* It is difficult to reconcile the two notes of the able annotator npon "Winthrop's Jour- 
nal, p. 12, n. 1., and p. 215, n. 3. The case of Vane is well pleaded in the latter note, 
though he is not named among the parties pleaded for ; yet we verily think our friend 
would not now exclude him from the company of " Cotton, supporters of Wheelwright, 
and admirers of Mrs. Hutchinson." 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 127 

England. Our chief guide through this dubious period is the excellent 
and clear-sighted Hubbard, who, living among many of the principal 
men of that day, those who opposed as well as those who favored the 
views and principles of Vane, has in a most remarkably impartial man- 
ner recorded the events of the period in his History of New England. 
In the diary or journal of Governor Winthrop, we have some particu- 
lars of his arrival at Boston, in giving which, in the words of that 
worthy man, we shall not only do him justice, but give our readers an 
opportunity to see with what respect he speaks of a gentleman, whom 
some ivell-meaning writers would make out to be a mere " rediculous 
broacher of heterdoxies." * 

Early in the year 1635, there was a great movement in England 
among the friends of religious liberty, which, before the year expired, 
eventuated in an emigration to New England of upwards of three 
thousand people. Among this great number was Sir Henry Vane ; 
" who," says Winthrop, " being a young gentleman of excellent parts, 
and had been employed by his father (when he was ambassador) in 
foreign affairs ; yet, being called to the obedience of the gospel, for- 
sook the honors and preferments of the court, to enjoy the ordinances 
of Christ in their purity here. His father, being very averse to this 
way, (as no way savoring the power of religion,) would hardly have 
consented to his coming hither, but that acquainting the king with his 
son's disposition and desire, he commanded him to send him hither, 
and gave him license for three years' stay here. This noble gentle- 
man, having order from the said lords Say and Brook, and others, 
treated with the magistrates here, and those who were to go to Con- 
necticut, about the said designs of the lords, to this issue, — that 
either of the three towns gone thither should give place, upon full sat- 
isfaction, or else sufficient room must be found there for the lords and 
their companies, &c, or else they would divert their thoughts and 
preparations some other way." "J 

Vane sailed from London in the ship Defence, about the 10th of Au- 
gust, 1635, and arrived in Boston the 3d of October following, making 
the long passage of about fifty-three days. In the same ship came the 
Rev. Thomas Shepard, Rev. John Wilson, Rev. John Jones, Roger 
Harlakenden, with several servants, or perhaps some of the above- 
named, in disguise, to escape the pursuivants. Hugh Peters and John 
Winthrop, Jun., were also of the same company, probably, the latter 
having " a commission to begin a plantation at Connecticut, and to be 
governor tlH-r*/ " 

On the 1st of November, within a month after his arrival, Mr. Vane 
WM admitted a member of the church of Boston.} 

* Granger. 

t The matter referred to at the close of the sentence above* would not be generally an* 
A. we apprehend, without reference to I paper in Winthrop'i Appendix, Journal^ i. 
That paper is stoned by Hbkbi Vans, Jin, John Wikthbof, and Hugh Pi rai 
and vu drawn np ana lenl lo the bead men of those who bad gone to settle on the Con- 
necticut river, to give them notioc that they were out of the limiti of Massachusetts, and 
might infringe on the righti of thoM who nad just arrived, with authority to take j>oSBes- 
sion there 

t Winthrop's Journal, i. 170. 

128 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

" Things had hitherto been," says Mr. Hubbard, " very successfully 
carried on in the Massachusetts; and in the entrance of the year 1636, 
the 25th of May, Mr. Henry Vane was chosen governor of the colony, 
at which time also Mr. Winthrop was chosen deputy governor, and Mr. 
Roger Harlakenden, that came along in the same ship with Mr. Vane, 
was chosen an assistant. All the ships in the harbor congratulated his 
election with a volley of shot. The next week he invited all the com- 
manders to a treat, fifteen in all ; * after that was ended, he propounded 
three things, which they all gladly accepted. 1. That after this year, 
all ships bound in hither, should come to an anchor below the castle 
(which is built on a small island a league below the town), unless the} 7 
should signify before hand, by sending their boat ashore, that they 
were friends. 2. That before they offered any goods to sale, they 
should deliver an invoice, and give the governor liberty for twenty-four 
hours for refusal. 3. That their men might not stay ashore (except 
upon necessary business) after sunset. It had been well, that, as the 
captains of fifteen great ships had condescended to these propositions, 
all others had been bound to observe them ; but it is easier to propound 
good orders, than to see them or cause them to be performed. 

" There was then as great hopes of the continuance of the peace 
and prosperity of the plantation, as ever before, or rather greater ; but 
often a bright morning is followed with a dark and obscure evening. 
Many sad and threatening storms of trouble were observed falling upon 
that country, before this lustre was half run out, some of which were 
mingled with showers of blood." f 

There was a strong party in the country, who, like Mr. Vane, could 
see no reason why a middle ground should be taken in regard to the 
great principles for which they had all abandoned their native country ; 
but the step was too great for the timid, and not fully understood or 
comprehended by the many. A man of less note and influence, 
and equal ability with Vane, would hardly have been thought of as a 
candidate for governor, under the same circumstances ; and yet there 
seems to have been no other disappointment about his administration, 
than that he should have conducted the affairs of the colony with such 
excellent judgment and discretion. In an elective government, it is the 
privilege of the defeated party to complain. They did not fail to do 
so at this time ; but those complaints appear to have been wholly re- 
garding religious matters. 

Mr. Hubbard goes on : — " With how much applause soever Mr. 
Vane was advanced to the governor's place, and at the first managed 
the same, yet in the latter end of the year, perceiving that there was 
much discontent in the minds of men, occasioned by different opinions 
in religion, then stirring in the country, the blame of which was in a 
great measure imputed to himself, he grew weary of the government, 
and was ready to take any occasion offered, to be freed therefrom. 

* Hence the number of ships then here was fifteen. The salute was because the gov- 
ernor was son and heir to a privy counsellor in England. — Winthrop, i. 187. 

t The author no doubt has reference to the war with the Pequots, which may be said to 
have commenced this year (1636), although blood was shed as early as 1634, by that 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 129 

For in December, receiving letters from his friends, -which necessarily 
required his presence there, he imparted the same to the council, 
(which at that time consisted but of two besides himself,*) and some 
others ; and thereupon being resolved of his return for England, he 
called a court of deputies, to the end he might have free leave of the 
country. They being assembled in court, and himself declaring the 
necessity of his departure, and those of the council affirming the rea- 
sons to be very urgent, though not fit to be imparted to the whole 
court, they desired respite to consider thereof till the morning ; when 
being assembled again, one of the assistants using some pathetical ex- 
pressions of the loss of such a governor, in time of such danger, as did 
hang over them from the Indians and Frenchmen, the governor brake 
forth into tears, and professed, that howsover the causes, propounded 
for his departure, did concern the utter ruin of his outward estate, yet 
he would rather have hazarded all, than have gone from them at such 
a time, if something else had not pressed him more, viz., the inevitable 
danger of God's judgments, which he feared were coming upon them, 
for the differences and dissensions which he saw amongst them, and the 
scandalous imputation brought upon himself, as if he should be the 
cause of all ; and therefore he thought it were best for him to give 
place for a time. Upon this the court concluded it would not be fit to 
give way to his departure upon those grounds ; whereupon he recalled 
himself, and professed, that the reasons concerning his own estate were 
sufficient, (to his own satisfaction,) for his departure, and therefore 
desired the court he might have leave to go. Upon this the court con- 
sented silently to his departure. 

" But then the question in the court was about supply of his place. 
Some were of opinion that it should be executed by the deputy ; but 
this scruple being cast in, that if the deputy [Winthrop] should die, 
then the government would be vacated, and none have power to call a 
court, or preside therein ; it was agreed therefore to call a court of 
election, for a new governor and deputy, in case the present deputy 
should be chosen governor : and an order was made, (in regard of the 
season,!) that such as would, might send their votes by proxy, in 
papers, sealed up, and delivered to the deputies. And so their court 
WSJ adjourned tour days ; and, two days after, the court of election 
was to assemble." 

Hut when the churches came fully to understand what had transpired 
bi council, they could not consent to let Mi-. Vane resign his place; 
the majority being <>f his way of thinking about matters of conscience 
and opinion. Be, therefore, in obedience to the church, which ho con- 
sidered was first of all to ho obeyed, consented to continue in office. 
u Whereupon," gaya Mr. Eubbard, "a great part of tin- court and 
country who und< tstood hereof, declared their purpose to continue him 
still iii his place." 

From these considerations, it was decided, thai when til'- day lately 

• rik ^ our author wrong here, and that there is no l"""1 rateon for l»c- 
licvin^ ■• that it instead of ten or more." — N6U in WnUkrop t i. 807, 

t It being the middle of December. 

130 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

set for the election of a new governor should arrive, it should be deferred 
to the great and general election in May following. Meanwhile it was 
discovered that the liberty party, if we may be allowed the expression, 
gained strength, and unless it could be checked or counteracted, those 
of the more orthodox party would entirely lose their ascendency. And 
Mr. Vane's government was so popular in Boston, that it was determined 
to hold the next general election in Newtown (afterwards Cambridge). 
Accordingly, at a session of the court in March, some management ap- 
pears to have been resorted to for the removal to Newtown. Whether 
the governor and his friends were taken by surprise by such a motion, is 
not stated ; but one thing seems to be clear, it was not contemplated 
by them ; for when the governor, Mr. Vane, was required to put the 
question of a removal to vote, he declined to do so, as likewise did his 
deputy, Mr. Winthrop. But the question was finally put by assistant 
Endicott, and it was carried in the affirmative. Hutchinson says, "the 
more immediate occasion of the court's resentment against Boston, was 
a petition, signed by a great number of the principal inhabitants of that 
town, together with some belonging to other towns, judging and con- 
demning the court for their proceedings against Mr. Wheelwright." 
This gentleman had preached a sermon in which he had made use of 
expressions, according to the opinions of some of the court, tending to 

During Mr. Vane's administration, several circumstances conspired 
to fan the coals of religious dissensions into a flame. A lady of splendid 
talents, a Mrs. Hutchinson, who had come over with Mr. Cotton, con- 
stantly and in a public manner taught doctrines which were denounced 
as Antinomian. Mr. Cotton was on her side, which was the side of 
Governor Vane ; and Mr. John Wheelwright, who had preached the sedi- 
tious sermon, was her brother. In short, " all the church [members] 
of Boston, except four or five, joined with Mr. Cotton. Mr. Wilson, 
the other minister, and most of the ministers in the country opposed 
him." * To join with Mr. Cotton was in effect joining with Mrs. Hutch- 

Amid this fierce strife about matters which neither party understood, 
the whole community was under the most fearful apprehensions from 
one of the most numerous and most treacherous as well as savage tribes 
of Indians then known. Runners came almost daily to Boston giving ac- 
counts of their depredations and murders. And here occurs one of 
the most remarkable passages in the whole course of New England's 
history ; and it is so closely connected with the subject of this memoir, 
that it cannot be passed over in silence, without great injustice to it. 
It is a no less event than the preservation of the inhabitants of New 
England from an entire annihilation. This preservation, too, was 
brought about by a man who had been banished from Massachusetts for 
holding to opinions different from the party which held the power. This 
was Roger Williams. 

The Pequots had commenced a fierce and bloody war on the Eng- 

* Hutchinson, Hist. Massachusetts, L, 59. 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 131 

lisli ; they had captured their vessels and murdered their crews ; they 
had even besieged their strong fort at the mouth of Connecticut river, 
and cut off all communication with it for weeks together. In their in- 
solence they boasted that they would soon be rid of all the whites, and 
would destroy them or drive them into the sea. At the same time 
they secretly negotiated with the Narragansets to join with them in 
their war upon the English. The Narragansets, too, were numerous 
and warlike. Their young men were ready to take up the hatchet — 
nay, they stood ready with it in their hands. Even the great sachems, 
Canonicus and Miantunnomoh began to waver. At this fearful moment 
Roger Williams appeared among them, lie truly went alone " with 
his life in his hand," into the depths of their own forests, to frustrate 
this design of the Pequots. The Pequot ambassador appeared at the 
same time in the tent of the chief sachems. He had the bloody knife 
with which he had just been murdering some of 'the English, in his 
hands, and by his looks and gestures seemed to say to the lone white 
man, ; *you too must now feel its edge." But Canonicus loved Mr. 
A\ illiams ; he had known him a year or more ; he had seen his disin- 
terested labors solely to do the Indians good. He was persuaded that 
the white men were not bad men, and he resolved they should not be 
harmed, but protected l)y the Narragansets. It was thus that New 
England was saved. 

Governor Vane, who had had no hand in the banishment of Mr. Wil- 
liams, had written to him,* to engage his influence in averting the threat- 
ened "storm of blood" which had begun to be so much feared ; and he 
received a letter from Mr. Williams immediately after the murder of 
Mr. John Oldham, in which he gave him an account of that bloody 
transaction. The letter was brought by some Narraganset Indians 
whom Mr. Williams had procured. The same letter informed Mr. Vane 
that the Narragansets would revenge that murder, and that already 
two hundred warriors had been dispatched by Canonicus under Mian- 
tonnomoh for that purpose. Such is the brief history of one of the most 
momentous events in New England annals. No other means could, in 
all reasonable probability, have averted the tomahawk from the heads 
of the English. Allowing the settlers were able to repel the rude at- 
tacks of the Pequots under the best circumstances, their present condi- 
tion forbade even the most feeble resistance. It was as much as they 
could do t<> sustain themselves in the country, considering the unculti- 
vated Btate of the earth and their own wretched dissensions. 

To make the matter more secure with their new allies, the Narragan- 
lor Vane invited the chief sachem t<> come t.» Boston, fco take 
-•1 upon future proceedings; and in September following, L636, 
Miantunnomoh appeared her . mpanied bj two "1" tin- sons of old 
1 oicus and about twenty men. Tin- result of the negotiations which 
ensued was a treaty of " firm p<-acc," "free trade/ 5 "no peace with the 
Pequote without reciprocal consent," &c, .v., which treaty continued 
unbroken until after the Pequots were destroyed. 

tins 1 own letter in Colk. M I! 77, tod Know! 

132 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

In accordance with the custDm of that day, Gov. Vane summoned 
together the magistrates and ministers, who were to participate in, and 
advise about what should constitute a treaty with the Indians. Mean- 
time he took all the Indians to his house, where he had a dinner provid- 
ed for them, of which they partook, in the same room, and at the same 
time with himself, but at another table. The next day they set out for 
their own country.* Some time after this, to show that he had kept 
his promise faithfully, of warring against the enemy, Miantunnomoh sent 
the governor a Pequot's hand, and received presents in return. 

The Narragansets having promised to take care of the Pequots, little 
seems to have been thought of but points of doctrine for some time. It 
is very evident from the writings of that day, that the Indians found it 
less difficult to perform their promise of taking care of their enemies 
than the English did to take care of their opinions. A short extract from 
Gov. Winthrop will' be sufficient for what we have advanced. On the 
20th of January, 1637, "a general fast was kept in all the churches ; 
the occasion was, the miserable estate of the churches. The differences 
in the points of religion increased more and more, and the ministers of 
both sides (there being only Mr. Cotton [and his followers] of one 
party,) did publicly declare their judgments in some of them, so as all 
men's mouths were full of them." 

About the 12th of May, Governor Vane received a visit from Mr. 
Winslow of Plymouth. He came to negotiate about the Pequot war. 
That colony had been required to aid Massachusetts, and had refused. 
The grounds of their refusal were, first, that the quarrel did not con- 
cern them, and secondly, that Massachusetts had refused aid to Plym- 
outh under similar circumstances. 

The day of general election had now arrived, and we will give Mr. 
Hubbard's account of it, as it is more full than Winthrop's, though not 
less important. u When the day came (which fell on the 17th of May) 
and the court sat, which was not till one of the clock in the afternoon, 
a petition was preferred by those [the freemen] of Boston. The gov- 
ernor was to have it read ; but the deputy [Winthrop] said it was out 
of order, it was a court of election, and that must first be dispatched, 
(as had been done once before, when the reading of petitions was laid 
aside till the election was over,) and then the petition should be heard : 
divers others also opposed that course, as an ill precedent. And the 
petition, being about pretence of liberty, (though intended chiefly for 
revoking the sentence at the last court passed against Mr. Wheel- 
wright,) would have spent all the day in debate. But yet the governor, 
and those of that party, would not proceed to election, except the peti- 
tion were read. Much time was already spent about the debate, and 
the people crying out for election, it was moved by [Mr. Winthrop] the 

* At the opening of the conference Miantunnomoh made a speech, in which he stated 
the terms which seem to have been embodied in the treaty. How the English were able 
to understand the Indians is not explained ; while it is acknowledged that the Indians 
could not understand them ; for they say they were obliged to send a copy of the treaty to 
Mr. Williams, with a request that he would interpret it to them. See Winthrop, I., 199, 
and Hubbard, 253. 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 133 

deputy, that the people should divide themselves, and the greater num- 
ber must carry it." 

It is probable that nothing further would have been done this day, 
had not the Rev. Mr. Wilson of Boston made use of the following strat- 
agem, and the friends of Mr. Vane felt full confidence by their num- 
bers to carry their point. The weather was hot and the place of elec- 
tion was the open field, under what shade the neighboring trees afford- 
ed. The confusion probably prevented any from being heard in the 
crowd, whereupon Mr. Wilson, clambering up into a tree, was able to 
be heard from its boughs.* The drift of his harangue was, " election ! 
election!" To this the company gave ear, and dividing themselves, 
" BO it was done, and the greater number by many was for election. 

'• But the governor and that side kept their places still, and would 
not proceed ; whereupon the deputy told him, that if he would not go 
to election, he and the rest of that side would proceed. Upon that he 
[Winthrop] came from his [the governor's] company, and they went 
to election, and Mr. Winthrop was chosen governor, Mr. Dudley dep- 
uty governor, and Mr. Endicot of the standing council ; and Mr. Israel 
Stoughton, and Mr. Richard Saltonstall were called to be assistants ; 
and Mr. Vane, and Mr. IIaugh,f and Mr. Dummcr, and Mr. Codding- 
ton. (being all of one profession in the matters of difference,) were left 
quite out. 

•• There was great danger of tumult that day, for those of the oppo- 
site party grew into fierce speeches, and some began to lay hands on 
others, but seeing themselves too weak they grew quiet. They expect- 
ed a great advantage, because the remote towns were allowed to come 
in by proxy ; but it fell out that there were enough besides. And it' it 
had beeo otherwise, they must have put in their deputies, (as other 
towns had done,) for all matters beside election. And Boston having 
deferred to choose their deputies till the election was past, went home 
that night, and the next morning sent for deputies, Mr. Vane, the late 
governor. Mr. Coddington, and Mr. 1 laugh. But the court not being 
pleased thereat, found means to send them home again, because all % the 
freemen had not notice of the time of their choice. But the freemen 
of B iton making the same choice the next time, they could not be 

•• 1 rpon the election of the new governor, the Serjeants that had attend- 
ed rnor to the court with their halberds, (which was a 
■t put upon Mr. Vane, and never upon any governor before,§) 
laid them down, and went home, and refused to attend the [new] gov- 
ernor to and from the meeting on the Lord's day, as they were wont J 
2 pernor made use of his own servente in their room, to car- 
srda before him, (never affecting t" seel great things for 
hhi though Mr. Vane had uever Less than four." 

of Wilson, extracted in Hutchinson, I 02, nntr. 

• H ind pronounced //<". Hoffe, in Winthrop. 

I Winthrop himself acknowledge! that only two had oot been notified. Hubbard copied 
rhi'-fly from Winthrop. and this tmoZ/ liberty with Iih author ihonld not h<- magnified. 

i It was. ho i ly in compliance with an order of the general court <>f nn earlier 

da: •. the arrival of Mi \ i 

134 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

The field for the exercise of Mr. Vane's abilities was much circum- 
scribed, and it is not strange if he desired to be in a situation where he 
could be more useful than he could possibly be in New England. Be 
that as it may, we shall soon find him taking leave of it forever. Being 
ready to depart, a large company of his friends attended him to the 
water, and many in boats to his ship, which was riding at Long Island. 
As he entered it they gave him " divers vollies of shot," as a salute, 
and the castle responded with five discharges of cannon. Thus on the 
3d of August, 1637, Mr. Vane, after having spent near two years in 
New England, sailed for his native land. 

Aside from a little party animosity, Mr. Vane does not appear to 
have left an enemy behind him, nor is there a shadow of proof that he 
carried any resentment with him ; and we have reason to believe that 
many of those who opposed him most, loved and respected him as long 
as they lived. Even Mr. Winthrop spoke of him as " a wise and god- 
ly gentleman,' ' and Gov. Endicott was one early with him in opinion. 
Capt. Edward Johnson also bears his testimony concerning him as fol- 
lows.* " This year (1635) came in the honored Sir Henry Vaine, who 
aboad not long in this worthy worke, yet mind him I will in the follow- 
ing lines : 

Thy parents, Vaine, of worthy fame, in Christ and thou for him 
Through Ocean wide in new world trid a while his warrier bin. 
With small defeat thou didst retreat to Brittaine ground again, 
There stand thou stout, for Christ hold out, Christ's Champion ay remain." 

While in Boston Mr. Vane lived in what would now be considered a 
small house, " scituated at the side of the hill above Queen st." This 
house he gave to Mr. Cotton, who, after Mr. Vane left, made an addi- 
tion to it, and lived and died in it.f 

Considering the bias of Hutchinson in favor of royalty, he has treated 
the character of Governor Vane with tolerable fairness. " His grave 
and solemn deportment, (he says,) although not above 24 or 25 years 
of age, engaged almost the whole colony in his favor." 

It is not a little remarkable that he should have gained so much fa- 
vor from the Indians during his short sojourn here, as we know he did. 
If evidence were wanting of the fact, the following passage from a let- 
ter of Roger Williams would be entirely sufficient. " It was not price 
and money that could have purchased Rhode Island, but [it] was ob- 
tained by love, that love and favor, which that honored gentleman, Sir 

* In his Wonderworking Providence of Sions Saviour in New England. 

f This is on the authority of Hutchinson, Hist. Mass., I., 55, which appears only to be 
true in part ; that is, Mr. Vane took up his residence while in Boston in the house with 
Mr. Cotton, and for his better accommodation built an addition to it. It was this addition 
which he gave to Cotton. We make this statement with perfect confidence, as we have 
the fact from the President of the Society, Mr. Ewer, than whom few if any, are better ac- 
quainted with early sites and localities of Boston. The house, or the body of it, was 
standing within the recollection of the writer, though with its exterior much modernized. It 
stood on the westerly side of what is now Tremont street, a few rods to the S. W. of the 
passage to Pemberton Square from that street. To those who remember the venerable 
mansion of Lieut.-Gov. Phillips, it will be easy to fix the spot in their imaginations, as it 
was next northeasterly to that. 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane, 135 

Henry Vane, and myself, had with the great sachem Miantinomo, 
about the league which I procured between the Massachusetts English 
and the Narragansets in the Pequot war. This I mention, as the 
truly noble Sir II. Vane had been so great an instrument in the hand 
of God for procuring this island from the barbarians, as also for procur- 
ing and confirming the charter, that it may be recorded with all thank- 
fulness. " Such is the testimony of Roger Williams. We are now to 
turn to another hemisphere. 

It has been said that Vane returned privately to England,* but with- 
out any reason being given for his doing so. Of the precise time of his 
arrival there, there is no mention, and the first notice we find of him 
after he sailed from Boston, is in the year 1630, and the year following 
seems to have been his first appearance in public life. He married, 
with his father's approbation, July, 1639, Frances, daughter of Sir 
Christopher Wray.f And through his father's influence with Algernon 
Percy, earl of Northumberland, who at that time was lord high admiral 
of England, he was, in 1640, joined with, Sir William Russell in the 
office of treasurer of the navy, a place of high trust and considerable 
profit. In 1643, on the death of Russell, he was commissioned to be 
treasurer, with the approbation of Cromwell. 

Owing to the peculiar circumstances of the country, Sir Henry 
now found himself, by the commissions of his office, sanctioned by for- 
mer usages, in possession of an income of thirty thousand jiounds a 
year. He immediaely signified to the government that he had no occa- 
sion for more than a fifteenth of this sum, and would take no more than 
£2000 a year, and this he gave to an agent whom he had employed 
in the business. No subject, he said, ought to receive such an income 
from government, and he gave up his patent of office, which Charles 
I. had conferred on him for life. 

In 1640, besides his appointment of treasurer of the navy, he was 
returned from Kingston upon Hull a member of parliament from that 
borough, which parliament began at Westminster, on the 13th of 
April ; and again to the long parliament for the 3d November follow- 
ing. In the meantime, as has been stated, he received the honor of 
knighthood from the kin" 

Thus far, had the wishes of Sir Henry Vane, regarding honors and 
profits, been of the most extravagant kind, he could not have been dis- 
appointed ; for both had flowed in upon him without being sought for 
or desired, so far as can be discovered, Rut he was one who would 
never shrink from what he conceived to be his duty. 

A- the trial and condemnation of the Earl of Straff >rd was an event 
in which Sir Henry Vane participated, it comes next in order to he 
related. Rut before proceeding in the relation, it will he necessary to 
remark that, if our account shall be found to differ from that of BOme of 
our able cotemporaries, we have only to say, that the journals of that 

* See lii- l.if'-. in tlif Literary Mag a rine, IX, R 2. 

+ The <«am<\ probably, who WM I member of pariiaTTiPnt and ro-workor with Vnnc. 
We have read some of his speechei in that body, which arc tmODg the very host. 

136 Life of Sir Henry Vane, [April, 

parliament which tried Strafford, have been carefully consulted, and 
implicitly followed. 

Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, was born in London, in 1593, 
and on the death of his father, in 1614, he came into the possession of 
a large estate. His first wife was of the noble family of Clifford, and 
his second was Arabella, daughter of Holies, earl of Clare. In 1625, 
he was elected member of parliament, and henceforth grew fast in royal 
favor. In 1628, he was created a baron, and soon after a viscount 
and privy counsellor. He was a rival of the Duke of Buckingham, and 
the assassination of this nobleman placed him still nearer the throne. 
By the influence of Laud he was sent into Ireland as lord lieutenant of 
that country. There he ruled literally "with a rod of iron," and 
made his boasts that he had rendered Charles as absolute in Ireland 
"as any prince in the world could be." His majesty soon found it 
necessary to have such an important auxiliary nearer at hand, and on 
the failure of his arms in Scotland, he recalled him and created him 
earl of Strafford, &c. When the least show of resistance was discov- 
ered to tyranny, Strafford was sure to urge the strongest measures for 
its suppression. And when the long parliament was assembled, he saw 
that the opposers of arbitrary power had the ascendency ; he saw, too, 
that the king's hands were tied, and that he could not dissolve that par- 
liament without its consent. He saw the storm that was gathering over 
his head, and he requested leave to return to his government in Ire- 
land. The king could not spare him, and told him that " not a hair of 
his head should be harmed." 

We have judged it necessary to state how the Earl of Strafford stood 
before the long parliament, that the proceedings against him may be 
clearly understood ; especially as Sir Henry Vane has been accused of 
being the principal cause of his attainder and ruin. From which it will 
be seen that, as a member of parliament, and servant of the people, he 
could not honestly have acted otherwise than he did in the tragedy 
which ensued. And we will here observe, that some of Vane's biog- 
raphers have been at considerable pains to discover the cause of a se- 
cret animosity, which they allege he entertained against Strafford ; as 
though the part he acted in parliament was the result of a desire for 
revenge : whereas it appears to us that the causes adduced for this sup- 
posed revenge are frivolous and unwarrantable, and do him great injus- 
tice. Of this matter, however, the reader can judge for himself. 

The liberty men seeing themselves a majority of the parliament, and 
having for a long time watched the course and influence of Strafford, 
especially his determined opposition to all liberty, they lost no time in 
proceeding against him, as an instigator of the tyrannical and unlawful 
acts of "the king. This proceeding, however, the king must have seen, 
was only a dagger thrust indirectly at himself. But the majority of 
Strafford's accusers doubtless were of opinion, that if Charles were de- 
prived of his evil counsellors, he would, if left to himself, regard the 
liberty and laws of the kingdom. It was on this ground, probably, that 
a majority voted away the life of Strafford. 

It was, on the 11th of November, 1640, voted, " That a message be 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 137 

sent from this house to the Lords, to accuse Thomas Lord Wcnth worth, 
earl of Strafford, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, of High Treason ; and to 
desire that he may be sequestered from Parliament, and be committed : 
And that, within some convenient Time the House would resort to their 
Lordships with particular Accusations and Articles against him. Or- 
dered, That Mr. Pymme go up with this message ; which was wholly 
complied with by the Lords." And on the 24th of November following, 
" The outward room being cleared, and the doors locked, Mr. Pymme 
made a report from the Committee appointed to draw the Charges 
against the Earl of Strafford. The title of the Charge, and every par- 
ticular Article of it, with the conclusion and the Additioa to that, were 
distinctly read, put to the Question, and all agreed unto by the house." 

Accusations are much easier made than supported. Although there 
was no question as to the offence Strafford had committed against the 
liberties of the people, yet he was doing the will of his sovereign. To 
make this out treason, the parliament had to place itself above the king, 
and that it did without hesitation ; and yet much time was consumed 
before a case could be made out clear enough to deprive the Earl of his 
life. And it may still be a question whether this would have been the 
end of Strafford, had not a singular discovery been made of some of his 
acts in one of the private conferences between the king and his counsel. 
With this matter Sir Henry Vane was most singularly entangled, as 
was likewise his father. 

At a council held by the king on the last day of the previous parlia- 
ment, Sir Henry Vane the elder, was, by virtue of his office, present. 
At this council or conference, Strafford gave advice to the king, and 
recommended some measures in strong lan^uaire, which he would not 
have done for the public ear. Sir I Icnry Vane, senior, as his custom was, 
probably took notes of Strafford's speech or observations. These notes he 
put carefully away among his private papers, and there docs not appear 
to be a shadow of evidence that they were made with any intention of 
being used prejudicially to the earl of Strafford or any other person. 
•his matter has been so represented by some writers as to leave a 

stain on the character of Sir Henrv the elder. 


The manner in which these notes came to be promulgated is the most 

singular part of the whole story, and one of the most interesting events 

in the life of Sir Henry Vane the son ; while the trial of Strafford was 

in pr . Vane's father, being absent from London, had occasion for 

papers which were locked up in an escritoir, in his study. He 

■it his key t<> his son with directions for him to take there- 

• I- or papers as he directed. In compliance with this 

wish of his father, he accidentally stumbled upon the paper — upon 

which BO much stress waa put, that without the aid of which, it i- said, 

Strafford would not have lost his head. It does not appear to have been 

found among the papers in that apartment of the escntoir in which he 

ffch for the paper wanted, but being led by curiosity 

t<> look into one other apartment, there he came upon the document 

in Question. When he saw the import of it he thought it might he well 
to show it to Mr. Pymme. the 'Teat leader of the house of commons. 

138 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

This, after a thorough investigation, we are persuaded is the exact par- 
ticipation of the Vanes, in the affair, up to the 10th of April, 1641. 

It was thus that the private notes of a gentleman of the king's 
privy council came to the knowledge of parliament. No sooner was it 
known that such a paper had been received in that body, but " the 
doors of the House were ordered to be shut, the Key brought up, and 
none to go out without leave." And "thereupon Sir Henry Vane the 
younger, and Mr. Pymme were enjoined by the house to declare their 
whole knowledge concerning the Matters contained in that Article 
against the Earl, and how and by what Means they came by it."* 

Notwithstanding the usual admission, that this piece of evidence came 
to be used against Strafford wholly against the wishes, or desires, or 
knowledge of their author, Sir Henry Vane the elder ; and that the 
agency of his son in it caused him extreme pain and grief, — there are 
those who talk of the treachery of Sir Henry Vane in relation to it ! 
Such are the incongruities of authors. And with all the facts before 
them they find it necessary to charge Sir Henry the elder, as we have 
before remarked, with a secret desire of being revenged on Strafford 
for having, in 1640, on his being raised to the peerage, insisted that 
his title should be " Baron Raby of Raby Castle. ' That this act 
should be disliked by Vane is not strange, because it was the name 
of his own castle and estate. Why Strafford did this is not at all ex- 
plained, and Clarendon, the defender of tyrants, allows that "it was an 
act of the most unnecessary provocation." But to return. 

While this was in progress, notice was received, " that a Message 
from the Lords waited at the door. They were ordered to be called 
in, but all the Members to keep their seats, and none to stir out without 
leave." It will now be expected that we produce the contents of the 
offensive paper. From that it appears that Strafford said in the confer- 
ence alluded to, " Borrow of the city of London £ 100,000 ; go on vig- 
orously to levy Ship Money ;f your Majesty having tried the Affection 
of your People, you are absolved and loose from all Rule of Govern- 
ment, and to do what poiver will admit. Your Majesty having tried 
all Ways, and being refused, shall be acquitted before God and Man : 
And you have an Army in Ireland, that you may employ to reduce this 
Kingdom to obedience ; for I am confident the Scots cannot hold out 
jive Months. The Town is full of Lords, but the Commission of Array 
on Foot, and if any of them stir we will make them smart." 

In his defence the Earl laid much stress on the words " to reduce this 
Kingdom," pretending that they had reference to Scotland ; that as to 
the whole, he said, it was but the testimony of one person, Secretary 
Vane, which in law would not be sufficient to sustain an action of debt, 
much less an action of life and death. 

It is pretty evident that Strafford and his friends considered the evi- 
dence of this paper of great moment, for by some adroit hand it was 
abstracted from among the papers while the committee having charge 

* Parliamentary History of England, IX., 205. 

t This had been declared illegal by Parliament, and the judgment against Mr. Hampden 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 139 

of it were in session, and could nowhere be found. Mr. Chairman 
Whitelocke for some time lay under the imputation of having smuggled 
it away. When its loss was known, " the House ordered, that every 
one of the committee should make solemn Protestation in the House, 
that they did not convey it away, nor knew what was become of it. 
All made this Protestation, and the Lord Digby with more Earnestness 
and deeper Imprecations than any of the rest ; yet afterwards, at the 
Battle of Xaseby, the King's Cabinet being taken, among the Papers 
in it was a copy of these Notes, under the Lord Digby's Hand ; 
whereby Whitlocke was cleared, and the Conveyer of the Paper to 
the King, and from him to the Earl of Strafford, was fully discov- 
ered." * 

From the time the memorable Notes were acted upon in parliament, 
the activity of the Vanes, both father and son, seems to have declined 
in that body ; and when, on the 3d of May, 1G41, the vote was taken 
on Strafford's attainder, neither of their names appears among those 
who voted to save him from it. A list of those who voted in his favor 
the populace posted up, under this ominous title : " These are the 
StbaFFORDIANS, Betrayers of their Country." f 

On the 26th of February, 1641, Vane carried up to the House of 
Lords, the articles of impeachment against Archbishop Laud, and in 
June following, he made a masterly speech upon Episcopacy. In 
1643, he was nominated one of the Assembly of Divines. In Sep- 
tember of this year, he was sent by parliament a commissioner into 
Scotland, and to him is given the chief credit of producing the famous 
articles of covenant, which he subscribed next to Cromwell. Early in 
1 6 15, he was a commissioner from parliament at the treaty of Uxbridge, 
and also at the Isle of Wight. 

Although Vane does not seem to have had any direct participation 
in forwarding the execution of Charles, yet, in June, 1649, he was one 
of the commissioners sent to the army to acquaint them with what the 
Parliament had done for their satisfaction, and for some time served 
the commonwealth with great ability. l>ut he was for continuing the 
1. : Parliament against the opinion of Cromwell, and here these two 
great men became enemies. This circumstance lias been before re- 
marked upon. Jt pr ' 1 to Mich extremity that Cromwell caused 
him • -nt a prisoner t<» Carisbrook, but not caring to keep him there 
-n returned to his own house, near Charing-cross, London. 
held meetings with his friends, and seems to have effectually 
i party against Richard Cromwell. 

1* ifl -aid that much exertion wafl Used to keep him out of Richard's 

parliament, and that when elected, the returning officers :it Hull and 

Bristol, would not return him, though he had a majority : vet he was 

for Whitchurch, in Bampshire, through the interest of Robert 

Wall<»o. Bi i. A ipeech which he is reputed to have made against the 

• I'irliamenf.'irv EDftOfJ IX 106, 909. — • WhitcloH. M -mil*. 4 1 . 42. 

ii in the Parliamentary History IX. 
24 B- 

140 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

new Protector, does not comport favorably with his previous character, 
though it contributed not a little to Richard's early abdication. 

On the retirement of Richard Cromwell, the Long Parliament was 
restored by a general council of the officers of the army, who also con- 
stituted Sir Henry Vane one of the committee of safety ; and four 
days after, namely, on May 13th, 1659, one of the council of state. 
On the 26th, he was appointed the first of seven commissioners of the 
admiralty. It was while he had the direction of affairs in this depart- 
ment, that so much glory was won for the English navy in the war 
with the Dutch — when Blake and Van Tromp, De Ruyter and Deane, 
displayed such desperate valor. 

In October, 1659, Vane was one of a sub-committee of six, appointed 
to consider a form of government for the three nations as a common- 
wealth. In this business, he adhered closely to his republican prin- 
ciples ; consequently, when, in January, 1659-60, the conventional 
parliament was assembled, a parliament much of the character of that 
Vane had contended for against Cromwell, of which he was a member, 
" being set in his Place, several Members of the House objected 
several Matters against him, acted since the late Interruption of the 
Parliament." Some letters were read, which he had written by virtue 
of his office to vice-admiral Lawson, which seem to have been a ground- 
work for proceeding against him. After some debate, the house re- 
solved, " That Sir Henry Vane be discharged from being a Member 
of this Parliament, and he was enjoined to repair to his House at 
Raby, in the County of Durham, and remain there during the pleas- 
ure of the Parliament. " 

It appears that he did not comply with this order of Parliament ; 
for we read in its journals, under date of 1st February, following, that 
"The Serjeant at Arms was ordered forthwith to take Sir Henry Vane 
into Custody, and to take Care that he be conveyed to his House at 
Bellew, in order to his going to his House at Raby, according to the 
former Order of Parliament." Still it seems that thirteen clays after 
this, Vane had not been carried to his house, as the Parliament were 
taking another order about his conveyance thither. 

The instability of things caused Vane to be overlooked, probably, and 
nothing further seems to have been done until after the restoration ; 
when, having done nothing, as he thought, in relation to public affairs, 
for which he would not willingly suffer, he came up from the country, 
and resided at his house at Ilampstcad, near London. However, on 
the 11th June, 1660, the House of Commons resolved that he should 
be one of the twenty persons excepted out of the act of general par- 
don ; which act, however, was not to extend to the taking of life. 

But Vane was a reformer — a republican. Charles II. and his min- 
ions soon came to the determination that he must be sacrificed. His 
great estate was especially wanted, and his voice had been raised 
against kings. He soon after found himself in a dungeon. Being 
sent from one prison to another, he was finally lodged in the Tower. 
He was insulted with the form of a trial ; and after making a defence, 
which alone would have been enough to perpetuate his name, he was 

1848.] Life of Sir Henry Vane. 141 

brought in guilty of high treason, and was sentenced to be hanged and 
quartered, according to the then practice of treating those condemned 
as traitors.* 

The ridiculous charge on which Sir Henry Vane was convicted, was 
in substance, that k * he did compass and imagine the death of the king ; 
contrived totally to subvert the ancient form of government, and to 
keep out the said sovereign Lord from the exercise of his regal govern- 
ment ; to effect which he had traitorously and maliciously assembled 
and consulted with other false traitors. He was not allowed the bene- 
fit of counsel, though he was permitted to speak in his own defence. 
Nevertheless it was a notorious farce — a mere mockery of the forms 
of law and justice. The defence which he made is spoken of, even 
by his enemies, as a masterpiece in its kind ; and it had a most salu- 
tary effect on all who heard it. In it he had an opportunity of again 
promulgating those fundamental principles of government, which have 
since so fully obtained. He showed clearly, that in all he had done, 
he had only acted in obedience to the government then in existence, 
and that if he was to be convicted as a traitor, the majority of the 
people of England could not escape the same judgment, if they were 
proceeded against. But in vain did he plead against the will of a 
tyrant ; in vain did he plead that treason could not be committed 
against a king de jure and not de facto; and that he acted by the 
authority of parliament, the supreme court of the nation, whose au- 
thority could not be questioned by any inferior court. But his great- 
ness was his crime ! 

When it was proposed to him to seek the king's clemency by an 
humble submission, he replied, that " if the king did not think himself 
more concerned for his own honor and word than HE did for his life, 
he was very willing he should take it." Noy" said he, " I value my 
life less in a good cause than the king can his promise ." 

A warrant for his execution being signed, he was, on the 14th of 

June, l*)tJ2, drawn on a sledge to Tower Hill, and beheaded, on the 

same spot, it is said, where Strafford suffered. f He had liberty to 

speak on the scaffold, but it was determined beforehand by his raur- 

derers, that the people should not hear him ; they had, therefore, 

placed drummers about the place, who, on a signal given, began to 

. and thus drowned his voice. An attempt was made to wrest his 

- from him, but he tore them in pieces with his own hands. 

u Wretched indeed was that government, he said, " which could not 

hear tin- words of a dying man.' 1 Bishop Burnel observed very truly, 

M that it was generally thought the government had lost more than it 

had gained bv his death." And Richard Baxter said, M No man could 

ter appearance of a gallant resolution and fearless 

* H id tail fivor ihown him, at the interceeaion of wmc of hii reU- 

irho had deferred well of the King in bii lenrice, that hia Majeatie mitigated the 

B iding only. — .; ChromcU nf the Lot* kUt < H ! ' Jambi 

Hi \ in. '.in r p. MO 

1 n indngly, and with i rheie. the 

Earl of Bcnflfotd bled tir-t by his (athei 

142 Life of Sir Henry Vane. [April, 

than he did, insomuch that the manner of his death procured him more 
applause than all the actions of his life." 

This martyr had not been long in his grave before Charles II. began 
to discover that it was not himself that had achieved a victory, but it 
was the man he had crushed ; and to prevent a reaction, which he saw 
was beginning to operate, he restored the heir of Sir Henry Vane to 
all the estates of his murdered father ; by which he acknowledged the 
perfidy charged upon him, in the most unequivocal manner he could 
have done. 

As to the person of Sir Henry Vane, we are told he had an unusual 
aspect ; and though it might naturally proceed from both his father and 
mother, neither of whom were beautiful persons, yet every one was 
impressed with the idea that there was something extraordinary in his 

Sir Henry Vane was the author of several works, but those by which 
he is best known are entitled The Healing Question, (it was this that 
much offended Cromwell,) and The Retired Maris Meditations, or 
the Mystery and Power of Godliness, &c, 4to., 1655, besides a number 
of speeches. 

Something has already been said about the family and ancestry of 
Sir Henry Vane, and we will close this memoir with a few additional 
particulars. The first ancestor of the family of Vane, is said to have 
come originally from Wales, and seated himself in Kent. There was a 

Sir Henry Vane, knighted by the Black Prince, for his valor at 
the battle of Poictiers, in 1356, who was the twelfth in descent from 
Howell Ap Vane. 

Sir Ralph Vane was knighted by Henry VIII., at the siege of 
Bologne. This last left no issue, and his estate descended to 

John Vane, brother of the said Henry, who left two sons, 

Henry, from whom Lord Bernard was descended, and 

Richard, the ancestor of the earls of Westmoreland. The last- 
named Henry was the grandfather of the subject of our memoir. 

The following display of the pedigree of Vane is chiefly according 
to the genealogy as laid down by Lodge. 


Life of Sir Henry Vane. 



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144 The Importance of Preserving Original MSS. [April. 


Our Leading does but poorly convey the idea that we wish to call 
attention to. Some, even, of our cotemporaries and co-workers de- 
serve a severer reprimand than we can give them for their astonishing 
want of consideration in allowing manuscripts to be destroyed ; because 
ifiey had been printed from, and hence could be of no further use! 
As a case in point, it is proposed here to relate a fact which comes 
fully under our observation. 

There was existing in Portland, Me., up to the year 1821, one of 
those old, beautifully-written MSS., in the form of a Diary, extending 
over a most important period of sixty-eight years of New England his- 
tory ; a sort of excerpt or abstract of which appeared in print, in the 
year above mentioned. It appeared under the editorship of Samuel 
Freeman, Esq., but with what fidelity, must ever remain a melancholy 
question. We say a melancholy question, to which, if an answer be 
given, it must be accompanied with feelings of deep indignation, for 
the reason we are about to give. 

The editor of the MS. has thus entitled it in the printed volume : 

" Extracts from the Journals kept by the Rev. Thomas Smith, late 
pastor of the First Church of Christ in Falmouth, m the county of 
York, (now Cumberland,) from the year 1720 to the year 1788. 
Portland : Printed by Thomas Todd & Co. 1821." 

In a preface to his " Extracts," Mr. Freeman thus explains to his 
readers : " It has long been known to a number who were cotemporary 
with Mr. Smith, that he was in the practice of keeping an Historical 
Diary. The desire has been expressed by them and others that it 
might be published. 

" When the late Gov. Sullivan was writing his Historjr of Maine, he 
applied to Mr. Smith for the use of his Journal, in order to complete 
his account of the Indian Wars, &c. ; but Mr. Smith was unwilling to 
comply with his request, because the Journal contained a mixture of 
private matters, not proper to be exposed to public view. It having 
come into my possession, I have been induced, with the consent of his 
surviving children, to make and print such extracts from it as I thought 
might be useful and entertaining to those especially who, from local 
circumstances, would be apt to take a peculiar interest in the transac- 
tions to which they relate." 

In another part of his preface, Mr. Freeman observes, that, " In the 
selection of these matters, I may have been either more minute or 
more deficient than another person would have been ; but in faithful- 
ness to that trust which was confided in me, when the Journal was put 
into my hands, I could not put it into another's hands." And yet, as 
strange as it may seem, the original Journal was, on the issue of the 
printed volume, scattered, leaf by leaf, in the following singular man- 
ner: When the printed volume was bound up, a leaf of the MS. ivas 
put into every copy of it, as far as it would go, or as long as it lasted! 

We not only learnt this fact in Portland shortly after the " Extracts" 
was printed, but we saw and inspected a great number of copies in the 

1848.] The Importance of Preserving Original 31SS. 145 

store of a bookseller there, in each of which was a leaf of the MS. 
Journal. We cannot say that this was the work of the editor, hut if it 
were, it appears t<> as as a most extraordinary way to dispose of a MS. 
not designed for public view! Should any one he incredulous in this 
matter, or have a curiosity to see a copy of the k * Extracts," with its 
due share of the original MS., they may have that gratification by 
calling on the publisher of the Register. 

It i< proposed in the next place to point out the great evil arising 
fmm the loss of this MS., which will apply with ecpial force to any other, 
under similar circumstances. 

Since the ** Extracts " from Mr. Smith's Diary was published, the 
Hon. William D. Williamson wrote ami published his history of Maine. 
He had (not exactly what Mr. Sullivan was deprived of) Smith's 
Diary, as printed by Mr. Freeman. Mr. Williamson had also some 
contemp >rary accounts. In following these accounts, he often contra- 
dict^ Smith. The following two or three items, as an example, will 
show how Lamentable is the loss of the original MS. On a certain 
morning, a party of Indians broke in upon Falmouth, (in which Mr. 
Smith resided at the time,) " killed a Mr. Foster, and carried away 
hie wife nl six children." Mr. Williamson says, Mr. Frost and 
family, and that Frost resisted bravely till he was killed. How arc we 
to _ r et at the truth in this case ? and numerous other similar ones? 
Williamson says nothing of Smith's being wrong here, nor does he give 
any authority for differing from him. Bnt no one can prove or dis- 
prove Williamson, by a reference to Smith's original Journal. It is 
very fair to conclude, that Smith was not likely to be mistaken about 

name of a large family in his neighbourhood. If it be alb 
that Smith may have written Foster, instead of Fhwt, it 18 quite as 
easy to allege that the mistake arose in transcribing Smith's Journal 
for the press — and nmr we want the Journal, to %ee where tin- error 
does 1'"'. We are able to refer to one leaf of it, but unfortunately it 
does not happen to be the one containing what we look for. 

In another place, with diary particularity, two important names arise 

in contention for the honor of association with a no less important 

Smith says, that in an attack upon Pemaquid, ii'i May, 1747, 

which was Friday, l persons wore killed, whose names lie gives, 

and that, " only a lad and Mr. Lowell escaped, the latter badly 

inded." Wiiil'' Williamson, citing no authority, mentions the at- 

ge company of about 1 ( ><>. in which live soldiers of tbe 

garrison, and five recruits belonging to Purpooduck were killed, and 
. who were inhabitants of Falmouth, were taken prisoners; 

A lad only escaping, the former three being dangerously 

ID led." Tbe only person lie names in the affair is Lovell, whom 

lieu I. t-> contrast it with the Lowell of Smith. And here 
aquirer will find himself as badly puzzled as in the other 

•pially without the mean- of appeal. 4 

dealer than either <>f tin- anthon under consideration. He 

baptism*] name of L rbich wai Abmrr y and adda, thai be irai the 

died in Portland, in 1828 eg d 87 and that he came 

146 Dummer > 8 Letter to Sewall. [April, 

Thus we have endeavoured to set in a strong light the importance of 
preserving the original manuscripts, notwithstanding copies may have 
been taken with the greatest fidelity ; and especially when extracts 
only are made from such originals. In our experience, we have often 
found that the very part omitted to be copied was the only part of a 
document which we desired to see. 

It appears from the volume before us, that Mr. Smith lived to be in 
his 94th year, and that the Rev. Samuel Dearie, D.D., delivered a dis- 
course on his death, " May 31st, 1795, being the Lord's day, after his 
funeral," in which he gives a biographical account of the deceased, for 
which he was abundantly qualified ; having been a colleague with him 
from the year 1704. From that discourse, we may hereafter extract a 
short memoir of Mr. Smith. 

The present article w r e will close with the Family Record of the 
Rev. Mr. Smith ; by which it will be seen, that in 1821, he had living 
one son and one daughter, out of a family of eight children ; one aged 
90, the other 81. 


" Mr Smith was the eldest son of Thomas Smith, of Boston, merchant, 
who married Mary Curran, 9 May, 1701. He was born at Boston, 10 
March, 1702 — had three wives. The first was Sarah Tyng, a daughter 
of Col. Tyng, of Dunstable, whom he married 12 Sept., 1728. She died 
1 Oct., 1742. The second was the Widow Jordan, of Saco, whom he mar- 
ried 1 March, 1744. She died 3 January, 17G3. The other was the 
Widow Elizabeth Wendall, whom he married 10 August, 1766. She died 
after the death of Mr. Smith, 16 March, 1799. All his children were by 
his first wife, and were as folloAvs : 

I. Thomas, b. 19 September, 1729, d. 28 February, 1730. 
II. Peter, b. 14 June, 1731, living in 1821.f 

III. Lucy, b. 22 February, 1734, d. June, 1780. 

IV. Thomas, b. 12 September, 1735, d. 10 February, 1776. 
V. William, b. 18 December, 1736, d. October, 1754. 

VI. John, b. 14 October, 1738, d. 26 December, 1773. 
VII. Sarah, b. 14 November, 1740, living in 1821. J 
VIII. A child, b. 6 September, 1742, d. 14 September, 1742." 


The following copy of a letter written by the celebrated Jeremy Dum- 
mer to Judge Sewall, and which I have transcribed from the original, is at 
your service. Joshua Coffin. 


I thank you for the honour of your letter of February last and for the 
account you therein give me of your family and Domestick concerns. I 

from Newbury. — History of Portland, ii. 85. The ancestors of all the Lowells in New 
England were probably those brothers, Percival and Richard Lowle, (as the name was 
then written,) who came from Bristol, England, and settled in Newbury in 1639. — See 
Coffin's Newbury. 

t He died in 1827.— Willis's Hist. Portland, ii. 230. 

t Died also in 1827.— lb. 

1848.] Dihiinurs Letter to Seicall. 147 

heartily congratulate you upon your second happy marriage, with Mrs. Til- 
ley. I have had an esteem tor her character ever since my being at Cam- 
bridge, where I was a witness of her great goodness in pleading with 
her Father for an unfortunate brother, getting him restored to favour, 
though bv that means she knew how much she must lose in her own for- 
tune. I would not mention this melancholy Story, but it much illustrates 
my Honoured Kinswoman's merit. As I go on in reading the particulars 
vim rive me of vour family, alternate passions of Joy and grief rise in me. 
On y e one hand I am troubled not a little for my Kinswoman, Mrs. Han- 
nah's lameness & confinement, & the more because I was acquainted with 
her in New England, & have now a perfect remembrance of Her. On the 
Other hand I am very much rejoye'd at the prospect of my Cousin Judith's 
marriage with so worthy a gentleman as Mr. Cooper, which I hope before 
this time is consummated. I have very much formed my opinion of Mr. 
( per from his performance at his Ordination, which Mr. Coleman was 
so kind as to send me. What I chiefly admired in that little piece was the 
justness of the Stile, which was solemn, becoming the dignity of the subject, 
& yet had nothing of that scholastic pedantry & Stiffness, which one sees in 
the writings of most Divines, especially when they first bolt out of the 

I take great notice of what you write about the Eastern Lands, & the 
uncertain boundaries between us & the Indians, which paragraph I intend 
t'» read this week to the Lords of the Privy Council, & I believe it will be 
of good 

I dare not make any remark upon what you write about the Quadruple 
Alliance, for, if I begin, I -han't know where to stop, it being impossible to 
give you any tolerable state of that matter in a less compass than four or 
live sheets of paper. 

By these Ship> you '1 have the good news of a reconciliation in the Royal 
family be I heartily wish I could tell you it proceeded from the working of 
parental affection of one Bide, or filial duty of the other, but it has bin so 
managed that all the Nation sees it is political, which however I mention 
only to your-elfe. 

Mr. Belcher Sent me some printed verses of my ingenious friend Mr. 
Hobart upon Mr. White:- setting the Psalm, when you had a cold, or were 
upon the Circuit, I forgot which. The line you indors'1 Upon that paper is 

pretty. "Albus pnecinuit, vox multa fuit." Upon this occasion of 

try, I'le give you a severe distich made upon Dr. Kennet, y c present 

Bishop of Peterboro*, who it seema was formerly a very high Churchman, 

tho' latterly he ha- been as noted for moderation. When a fierce Jacobite 

Divine, Dr. Welton, put np an altar piece in his Church representing the 
twelve apostles, he drew Judas very like Dr. Kennet, so that complaint was 
made to the Diocesan, & it was taken down. It was upon this incident that 
a Tory writ thus, addressing himselfe to Doctor Kennet — 

Fallens, bac si te pingi nib imagine credi 

i -imili- Jodai est til»i, jxi'iiituit." 

I have pot it thus in English — 

i out in thinking you're by Jndai meant 

No. Judas ami i>< nitem." 

However they don't <!• the translation because they ai tilt npoo 

a v> i man. 

148 A Liberal Bequest. [April, 

The pamphlet inclos'tl in this packet will give you some diversion. I 
have but just room left to give my humble service to all your family & to 
assure you that I am with the highest esteem & respect, 

Sr. Your faithful humble servant, 

London 13 th May 1720. Jer. Dummer. 

The following is the indorsement on the letter in Judge Se wall's hand- 
writing — 

"Mr. Agent Dummer May 13. 1720. Rec d Aug* 23 1720" 


[For the following notice of the Hall Family, of Portland, we are 
indebted to William Willis, Esq., of that place, one of our corresponding 

Martha C. Hall, who died in this city on the 26th of November last, 
bequeathed all her property to the First Parish in this, her native place — 
the income of which is to be appropriated under the direction of the Pastor 
and the Trustees of the Charity Fund of said Church, to promote the cause 
of religion, charity and good morals. The amount of this liberal gift is 
about $5,500. In addition to this provision of her will, she ordered, a short 
time previous to her death, two silver cups for the communion service, to be 
presented to the First Church, one in the name of her deceased sister Mary, 
the other in her own. They were both members of that church. 

Miss Hall was the youngest daughter of the Rev. Stephen Hall, who 
graduated at Harvard College in 1765, and prepared himself for the minis- 
try, in which, however, he was never settled. He was appointed Tutor at 
Harvard College in 1772, and continued in the office until 1778, when he 
came to Portland, and the same year married Mary, the youngest daughter 
of Deacon William Cotton. By her he had three sons and two daughters, 
of whom the subject of this notice was the youngest and last survivor. The 
property which she has so worthily bestowed, descended from her grand- 
father Cotton, who was deacon of the First Church from 1744 to the time 
of his death in 1768. 

Deacon Cotton came here from Portsmouth about the year 1733, at the 
age of 30. He w r as a Tanner, and having purchased a large tract of land 
on Fore street, between Centre and Cross streets, extending back on a 
swamp over which Free street now passes, he established an extensive Tan- 
nery there, which was carried on by himself during his life, and by his de- 
scendants, principally in the Owen family, since his death. He was thir- 
teen years a selectman of the town, and a man of property and influence. 
His only son died insane without issue. Of his three daughters, Sarah 
married first Wm. Thomas, second, Elisha Turner; Abigail married Ebe- 
nezer Owen, and Mary married first Moses Holt, 1771, and Mr Hall in 
1778. Mr. Holt was a graduate of Harvard College, 1767, and kept the 
Grammar school here. Mr. Hall was the eldest son of the Rev. Willard 
Hall, who was the first minister of Westford, in Mass., and settled the same 
year in which our first minister, Mr. Smith, was settled in this town. He 
died in 1779, having had six daughters all married, and three sons, Stephen, 
Willard and Willis. Stephen's residence at Cambridge six years as tutor, 
shows him to have been a good scholar ; but he did not turn his scholarship 
to much account after he came to this town ; he followed no profession, and 

1848.] Copy of a Letter sent to Gov. Dudley. 140 

although ardent and zealous, he scattered his powers in schemes and labors 
which produced no profitable result. lie was a warm politician, and a 
strenuous advocate tor the separation of Maine from Massachusetts, and one 
of the delegates to a convention called for that purpose in 1785. So earnest 
was he on this subject, that when the expense of a separate government was 
urged as an objection to the project, he offered to serve the State in any 
suitable capacity without compensation. 

He was once selectman of the town, and two years, 1780 — '81 , a Ivep- 

ttative to the General Court. lie died in 1795, aged 51, the same 

year which deprived the town of two other of her most useful and active 

citizens. Nathaniel Deering, aged 56, and John Fox, aged about 50, whose 

children still remain among us in their maturity and usefulness. 

Mr. Hall's widow died in 1803, and of his five children not one survives 
to perpetuate his name and memory. His son John II. was the inventor 
of a valuable improvement in the rifle, and was for many years employed 
by government in their armory at Harper's Ferry. 

Thus families, and the bustle and stir of one age pass away, and new men, 
new pursuits and new excitements cover with fresher characters the annals 
of the passing time, to be in turn brushed aside by the ever eager and 
crowding generations of humanity. But the acts of philanthropy and be- 
nevolence, directed to the permanent welfare of the race, like genius, of no 
sex, and limited to no time, find their enduring record in the heart of man, 
and are written in heaven. The act we now proclaim — the act of a mod- 
est christian woman — will long outlive the busy, but ephemeral action of 
the graduate, the tutor, the politician and the millionnaire. 


Deab Sir, 

I send you a copy of an original letter sent to Gov. Dudley, which I 
found amongst some old papers, and which may be worth a place in the 
K gister. Yours truly, 

Boston, Jan. 1848. C. M. Ellis. 

Lynn, 22 th , 4 m°- 1703. 

Whereas we tic- people called Quakers of the town of Lynn having 
[nested 1»\ tie- L r <»v»rnour to give in a list of our names in answer 
unto each person hath respectively signed for himaelfe. 

Richard Estes William Basset Jr 

Sam" Collin- John Basset 

William Bassett John Collins 

AValt.-r Philips Jabez Jenkins 

Richard Oake Walter Phillips Jr 

Joseph Richards [saac Clark 

John Hood Samuel ( ollins Jr 

iuel r> .John Estes 
11 igh Ally 

150 Destruction of Schenectady. [April. 


[The following letter, giving an account of the destruction of Schenectady 
by the French and Indians in 1690, was copied many years ago from the 
original, and is deemed worthy to be preserved in this journal. It was in 
the handwriting of Samuel Sewall, but signed by Governor Bradstreet. 
The postscript i* in the hand of the governor. The direction of the letter 
seems to have been wanting.] 

Boston, March the 11th 16^. 
Hon. Sir, 

Tho you canot but have heard of the horrid Massacre comitted by the 
French & Indians at Senectady, a fortified and well compacted Town twen- 
ty mile above Albany (w h e had an acc°. of by an Express) yet we think 
we have not discharged our Duty till you heare of it from us. It was upon 
the Eighth of February at midnight when those poore divided secure 
wretches were surprised by the Enemy. Their Gates were open, no watch 
kept, & hardly any order observed in giving & obeying commands. Sixty 
of them were butchered in the place ; of whom Lieut Talmage & four more 
were of Capt. Bull's Company ; besides five of said Company carried Cap- 
tive* By this action the French have given us to 'inderstand what we 
may expect from them, as to the Fronteer Towns & Sea-Ports of New 
England. We are not so well acquainted what number of convenient Ha- 
vens you have in your colony, besides those of Plymouth and Bristow 
[Bristol]. We hope your prudence & vigilance will leade you to take such 
measure as to prevent the Landing of the Enemy at either of those, or any 
such likeplace. Its generally aprehended to be necessary that we forthwith 
undertake an expedition against the French at Port Royal, & places along 
shoar, That may give some check to their depredations & thereby gain some 
Reputation with the Five Nations. If nothing should be effected they 
would be ready to think all said to them as idle Tales, only devised to fix 
them on our side/ The concern is general, & therefore We do desire your 
prayers & the assistance of us so far as may be in their weighty undertak- 
ing. The gentlemen at Barbados are very vigorous. They have taken 
several Islands from y e enemy ; & about Fifteen Thousand Pounds Spoyl 
from one of them. Which give such Encouragement to the souldiers That 
they speak of Attacking St. Christopher's. Tis Pitty (if it please god) but 
that in this time of action New England should be found doing something 
towards their own safety & defence. 

Praying that the Direction & Blessing of our soveraign Lord God may be 
w r ith you & us in all our momentous concerns, we take leave, who are, Sir, 
your Honours Friends & Servants 

Sim: Bradstreet Govern 1 " 
in the name of the Council 

[P. S.] 3 instant am iust now informed that i vessel newly arrived from 
Bilboe brings news that whereas they usually had a pacquet brote once a 
weeke from Europe there had none come from England or ffrance in 6 
weekes before they come from thence w h argues great troubles there. 

* The fullest aceount which has been given to the public of the destruction of Schenec- 
tady, is believed to be that contained in u The Book or the Indians." See also Barbel 
& Howe's Historical Collections of New York. 

1848.] God's Promise to his Plantation. 151 


2 Sam., 7: 10. Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and I will plant 
them, that they may dwell in a place of their owne. and move no more. As it was deliv- 
ered in a Sermon, By John Cotton. B. l)..and Preacher of" God's word in Boston. 

PSALMS -21. 27,30, 31. All the ends of the world shall remember and turne unto the 
Lord, an 1 all the kindreds of the Nations shall worship before thee. 

A seed -hall serve him, it shall he accounted to the Lord for a generation. 
They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall he home, 
that he hath done this. 

London: Printed by William Jones for John Bellamy, and are to be 
solde at the three Goldens Lyons by the Royall Exchange, 1030. pp 20. 

The first printed works relating to the Settlement of the Mast? Colony, 
appeared in 1630.* Among them are the "Planter's Plea," "New Eng- 
land Plantation,'' and ** God's Promise to his Plantation." The first is sup- 
posed to have been written by Rev. John Whitef of Dorchester, England, 
who early manifested a groat interest in the settlement of this colony. It 
is interesting and valuable as it gives a minute account of the first com- 
mencement of the plantation. It is supposed to have been printed soon after 
the -ailing of Winthrop's fleet.} The second is a letter written from Salem 
to his friends in England, by Rev. Francis Higginson, who arrived here in 
June 1629, with Mr. Skelton. It gives bis experience of the country after 
a residence of about three months. There were three editions printed in 
1630, the first of which is supposed to have appeared before the sailing of 

Winthrop's fleet.! The last named publication, which tells its Own story in 
the title page we have given above, is interesting, not as a historical docu- 
ment, but for the associations with which it is connected. It was preached 

shortly before the departure of Winthrop's company ;|| and perhaps in the 
celebrated St. Botolf's ehurcb. of whieh be was Rector for many yenrs.^I 
Some of his parishioners were about leaving him for a distant and almost 
unknown colony ; but his heart was with them and their enterprise. No 

undertaking was attempted in those days without '• proving it by the touch- 
stone of (bid's word." And Cotton here draws largely from the Old Testa- 
ment, (from whieh our fathers drew the mo-t of their Theology as well 
.1 irisprudence,) in order to .-how what God has promised to his faithful peo- 
ple. Twill appoint a place for my people Israel, &c. The preface to this 
discourse "To the Christian Header," was written by another hand, with 
initials I. II., and in our own copy we find the following query penned some 
few year- since, u May it not have been John Humphry, who was one of 
the >ix original patentees from the council of Plymouth?" Humphry was 
chosen deputy governor with the view of coming over this year, bul being 
prevented. Mr. Dudley was elected in hi- place. The writer of the preface 

•• Now because many may either not know, or doe not consider upon 

* I -''it aUnakra, h o weve r, to this colony in BmiuYi Virginia, ed. 1639. 

t Young's Hip,' its, p 16. 

| Ibid, 

4 [bid, p. MI. 

I ' • of Boston, (England.) 

r It is in. whether this lermon was preat bed si Boston or si Southampton. Wt 
know he did pn rmon at the latter place. — Scottow 1 N P 

Annals, p. 

152 God's Promise to his Plantation. [April, 

how full a ground and warrant out of the word of God that undertaking 
(which was the occasion of this sermon) hath hitherto proceeded, I thought 
good (Courteous Reader) leave being with some difficulty obtained of the 
lievereiid Author, to present unto thy view and consideration, that which 
may in part give thee satisfaction in this particular.* Ere long (if God 
wilt) thou shalt see a larger declaration of the first rise & ends of this en- 
terprise, & so cleare & full a justification of this designe, and also in respect 
of any other ground and circumstance of weight," &c, &c. This discourse 
is worthy of note as being the first printed work of which we have any rec- 
ord, of one who bore so prominent a part in the early period of the Massa- 
chusetts settlement. When we reflect that Cotton transferred his labors 
from Boston in Old England to Boston in New England, and that the latter 
was named in honor of him and his associates and friends who came from 
the former ; and consider also the occasion on which this sermon was deliv- 
ered, it will appear by no means insignificant or uninteresting. Its contents 
are by no means remarkable. As we said above, it possesses nothing his- 
torical. But it does contain some most excellent advice, and exhibits the 
true principles which animated our Puritan Eathers. We give below a few 
extracts from it — to introduce which we have trespassed thus far. 

" Have special care that you ever have the ordinances planted amongst you, or else 
never looke for security. As soon as God's ordinances cease, your security ceaseth like- 
wise; but if God plant his ordinances among you, feare not, he will maintaine them. . . . 
Look into all the stories whether divine or humane, and you shall find that God never 
rooted out a people that had the ordinances planted among them, and themselves planted 
into the ordinances : never did God suffer such plants to be plucked up ; on all their glory 
shall be a defence. Be not unmindful of our Jerusalem at home, whether you leave us, or 
stay at home with us. pray for the peace of Jerusalem, they shall prosper that love her, 
Psal. 122, 6. They shall all be confounded and turned backe that hate Sion, Psal. 129, 5. 
As God continueth his presence with us, (blessed be his name) so be ye present in spirit 
with us, though absent in body : Forget not the wombe that bare you, and the breasts that 
gave you sucke.t Even duck, hatched under an henne, though they take the water, yet 
will have recourse to the wing that hatched them : how much more should chickens of the 
same feather and yolke. Goe forth, every man that goeth, with a publicke spirit, looking 
not on your owne things onely, but also on the things of others ; Phil. 2:4. This care of 
universal helpfulness was the' prosperity of the first Plantation of the Primitive church : 
Acts, 4 : 32. Have a care that you look well to the plants that spring from you, that is, 
to your children, that they doe not degenerate as the Israelites did ; after which they were 
vexed with afflictions on every hand. How come this to pass? Jer.2: 21. I planted 
them a noble vine, holy, a right seede, hoiv then art thou degenerate into a strange vine be- 
fore mee ? Your Ancestors were of a noble divine spirit, but if they suffer their children to 
"degenerate, to take loose courses, then God will surely plucke you up : Otherwise if men 
have a care to propagate the ordinances and Religion to their children after them, God 
will plant them, and not roote them up. Por want of this, the seede of the repenting Nin- 
ivites was rooted out. 

" Lastly, offende not the poore Natives, but as you partake in their land, so make them 
partakers of your precious faith ; as you reape their temporalis, so feede them with your 
spirituals: winne them to the love of Christ, for whom Christ died. They never yet re- 
fused the Gospel, and therefore more hope they will now receive it. Who knoweth whether 
God have reared this whole Plantation for such an end? . . . Neglect not walls and bul- 
warks, and fortifications for your owne defence ; but ever let the name of the Lord be your 
strong Tower; and the word of his Promise the Rocke of your Refuge. His word that 
made'heaven and earth will not faile, till heaven and earth be no more. Amen." 

* Referring possibly to the Planter's Plea. See Young, p. 16, which could shortly ap- 

t Seethe "Humble Request," printed in 1630, soon after the sailing of Winthrops 
fleet, for similar language. See Young, p. 295. 

1848.] The Peabody Family. 153 



[For explanation of the plan see Vol. I., No. 2, p. 171.] 

In compiling the following Memoir, the author has spared neither labor nor expense to 
make it afl perfect and complete as possible. He has consulted the records of Towns, Par- 
ishes, Probate, and Registry of Deeds. Nevertheless, from the imperfections of some records, 
and the conflicting and sometimes almost irreconcilable testimony of others, and oftentimes 
from the want of any records at all, relying in such cases wholly upon traditionary evi- 
dence, which is frequently found more delusive than any other, such a memoir cannot be 
expected to be entirely free from trifling errors. By those only who are accustomed to 
such investigations can the difficulties to be encountered and overcome be rightly under- 
stood or appreciated. If the following account should meet the eye of any one of the 
name residing at a distance, who can attach himself to either of the families in the last 
generation hero described, he will confer a favor by communicating it to the author, at 
Salem. Ms. 


'•Party per less Nebule. Gules, azure, two suns proper, 
with a garb, a crest, Scroll, and Motto, 'Murus 
ameus conscientia sana,' borne by the name of Peabodie." 

This name is said to have had its origin about the year Gl, in the 
reign of Nero, the tyrant emperor, at which time the ancient Britons 
who were tribes of the more ancient Cambri, were in a state of vassal- 
age to the emperor. Parsutagus, in the right of QUEEN Bo LDICEA his 
wife, was reigning king in Icena, Briton; and hoping to secure his 
family and part of his immense estate, in his will he gave one half of 
the estate to Nero, but to no purpose ; for no sooner was the king dead 
than the officers of Nero seized every thing in their power. Quekn 
B iADICBA being a woman of great abilities and valor, opposed those 
vile proceedings, for which Nero ordered her to be publicly whipped 
and her daughters to be ravished by his soldiers. This so enraged the 
Britons, that the queen revolted and with the assistance of her kins- 

i, a patriarch in one of the tribes, named BOADEB, put herself at the 
head of the Britons, fought many desperate battles with various suc- 

-. oade a great massacre among the Romans, and would have ex- 
pelled them, bad not Suetonius Paulinus at the critical moment, with 
ten thousand fresh troops joined the Etonians. The battle continued 
with great vigor, and the event was doubtful, till at last victory 

inclined to the B as. Upon which the queen, who had behaved 

with surprising bravery, determined not to submit to the tyrant, 

dispatch If with poison, leaving Boadie to fate, who with his 

men sustained the horrid massacre, in a desperate manner soiling their 

- for a high price to the Romans, till their numbers were reduced to 

r, when Boadib, after avenging himself bv killing Galbuta, a Ro- 

man officer, and taking his helmet and armor, with a remnant of Britons 

ped and took asylum over the craggy mountain- oi Wales, whence 

made frequent qi upon their n<-i;_ r lib<.r< in tin- low counl 

the Romans having reduced a great part 01 the bland to a 

154 Genealogy of [April, 

servitude. Upon this helmet and armor was a Roman badge of 
honor and distinction, consisting of two suns proper in bordure. There 
was also a miniature likeness of the Empress Popia, wife of Nero. The 
Roman badge was sacredly preserved by the patriarchs of the name 
of Boadie as a trophy of honor. Boadie among the ancient Cam- 
bri, afterwards Britons, signified " Man," or "a great Man," and 
" Pea," signified a large hill or mountain, which afterwards occasioned 
this patriarch leader to be called and distinguished among the neigh- 
boring enemy by the name of Peabodie, or Mountain-Man. This 
tribe multiplied considerably ; and some of them by tilling the land, a 
part of which was fertile, became very opulent ; but most of them 
remained in a rude state. Some of them were herdsmen and kept cat- 
tle ; others supported themselves by ranging the forest, &c, having 
many bloody conflicts with their neighbors, which often reduced their 
numbers and left them in great distress ; until in the sixth century, 
when they were so far reduced that a compromise took place ; after 
which they began to assimilate to their neighbors. In the reign of King 
Arthur, the kingdom being invaded by the northern Saxons and others, 
a leader or patriarch of one of the tribes by the name of Peabodie, a 
man of much influence and wealth, by his prowess and exertion in the 
battle on the river Douglass, aided much in expelling the invaders ; 
and, having in his possession the trophy that had been taken from the 
Romans and carefully preserved by his ancestor, the reigning king, 
Arthur, as a reward for his unshaken fidelity and heroic valor, ordered 
it to be registered with additions, so as to stand as above stated to the 
name of Peabodie. While some of the name and family kept the name 
of Boadie, which with some was afterwards anglicized, whence the 
name of Mann ; while others kept the name of Pea, which being also 
anglified, some were called Hill, others Mont, and Mountain. Hence 
those names : and there are arms to each name, but not so ancient. 

Extracted from Ancient Records, Vol. II., Folio 327, No. 109, and 
transferred to Modern Records, Vol. II., Folio 65, No. 97. 

Signed, Robert N. Andrews, Assist. Sec'y. 

Examined. B. Gerard, Armorer. 
Fees, £2. 2. 0. 

Heraldry Office, London, Cheap Side, Oct. 23, 1796. 

Beside Francis Peabody, of whose descendants we here give an ac- 
count, there was also a John Paybody, who was one of the original pro- 
prietors of Bridgewater in 1645 ; also a Wm. Pa}'body, who settled in 
Duxbury about 1645, and was a representative at Plymouth in 1659 ; 
he married Elizabeth, daughter of the celebrated John Alden. The 
descendants of William reside mostly in Rhode Island, and spell their 
name " Pabodie." It is supposed there are none of the descendants 

of John now living. 


Lieut. Francis Peabody, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, born 
1614, came to New England in the ship Planter, Nicholas Trarice 
Master, in 1635. His name is enrolled in the following copy of a 

1848.] The Peabodij Family. 155 

certificate dated April 2, 1635, found in the Augmentation Office (so 
called) in Rolls Court, Westminster Hall, London, and published in the 
" Gleanings for New England History," in Mass. Hist. Coll., 3d series, 
Vol. YIH., p. 253. He is there called " Husbandman, 21 years" of 

" Theis underwritten names are to be transported to New England, 
imbarqued in the Planter, Nicholas Trance, Master, bound thither. 
The parties have brought certificate from the minister of Great St. Al- 
bans in Hertfordshire, and attestacons from the Justices of Peace, 
according to the Lords order." 

Mr. Peabody was one of the original settlers of Hampton, old Nor- 
folk county, whither he came in the summer of 1638, (probably from 
Lynn, Mass.,) with the Rev. Stephen Bachilor, and twelve others, 
in all fourteen, and where he resided several years, often serving on 
the grand jury and jury for " Tryalls." He was made a freeman in 
1610, and in 1619 he was chosen by the town of Hampton one of the 
three men to " encle small causes ," and was confirmed in that office by 
the Justices of the court. In 1657 we find him residing in Topsfield, 
in Essex county. He was one of the most prominent men in that town 
both for property and enterprise — was a large landholder in Topsfield, 
Boxford, and Rowley. Married Mary Foster. Lived to an advanced 
age, and died Feb. 19, 1697-8. His widow died April 9, 1705. 
Among his descendants have been men eminent for piety and distin- 
guished for patriotism, literature, and science. His wife was daughter 
of Reginald Foster or Forster, whose family is honorably mentioned in 
the " Lay of the Last Minstrel," and in " Marmion." Children, 

1_1 John, b. 1G42. (2) 

2—2 Joseph, b. 1644. (3) 

3_3 William, b. 164G. (4) 

4_4 Isaac, b. 1648. (5) 

5 — 5 Sarah, b. 1650, m. How of Ipswich. 

6 — 6 Hepsibah, b. 1652, m. Rea of Salem Village. 

7 — 7 Lydia, b. 1654, m. Jacob Perley. 

8 — 8 Mary, b. 1656, m. John Death of Framingham. 

9—9 Ruth, b. May 22, 1658. Died before her father. 

10-10 Damaris, b. Jan. 21, 1660, " Dec. 19,1660. 

11-11 Samuel, b. .Ian. 4. 1662, " Sept. 13, 1677. 

12-12 Jacob, b. July 28, 1664. (6) 

l:; -13 Hannah, b May 28, 1668, died before her father. 

14-14 Nathaniel, b. July 29, L669, m. Prances , died in 1715. 

Left no children. His widow m. Samuel Shacford of Ports- 
mouth, May 10, 1716. 


(2) II. CAI'T. JOHN PEABODY, (1— 1) b. 1042. Lived in 
B ftford, mad'- a freeman in 1074, representative from 1689 to 1691. 

M. 1. Hannah Andrews, Nov. 28, 1665; m. 2. Sarah . Joined 

the church in Boxford, Feb. 21, 170:5, died 1720, a. 78. Will dated 
it. 27, 1719, proved Aug., 1720. Children, 

1."/ — i John, b. Aug. 28, 1666, died before hie father. Never m. 

156 Genealogy of [April, 

16—2 Thomas, b. July 22, 1670, do. do. do. 

17—3 Mary, b. April 6, 1672, m. Hazen. 

18—4 Lydia, b. March 9, 1673, m. Jacob Perley, Dec. 6, 1696. 

19—5 David, b. July 12, 1678. (7) 

20—6 Elizabeth, b. Aug. 13, 1680, m. David Andrew, Feb. 12, 1/02. 

21— 7 Nathan, b. July 20,1682. (8) 

22—8 Hannah, b. m. Jose Buckman, Feb. 24, 1690. 

23—9 Ruth, b. Nov. 13, 1684, m. Wood. 

24-10 Moses, b. Feb. 27, 1687, died before his father. 

(3) II. Joseph Peabody, (2—2) b. 1644, lived in Boxford, made 
a freeman in 1677, m. Bethiah Bridges, Oct. 26, 1668, joined the 
church in Boxford, Oct. 30, 1709, died 1721. Will dated 20 March, 
1721. Children, 

25— 1 Joseph, b. April 16, 1671. (9) 

26—2 Jonathan, b. 1673. (10) 

27—3 Sarah, b. Sept. 4, 1676, m. Benj. Smith, May 22, 1700. 

28— 4 Samuel, b. April 8,1678. (11) 

29—5 Bethiah, b. ApriL 8, 1681. 

30—6 Lydia, b. Feb. 4, 1683, m. Jacob Perley, May 9, 1709. 

31—7 Alice, b. Jan. 4, 1685. 

r4) II. William Peabody, (3—3) b. 1647, lived in Boxford, m. 
Hannah Hale of Newbury, Aug. 14, 1684, died March, 1699. His 
widow died Feb. 23, 1733. Children, 

32—1 Stephen, b. Aug. 5, 1685. (12) 

33—2 Mary, b. April 11, 1687, m. Joseph Symonds. 

34_3 Ephraim, b. April 23, 1689. (13) 

35—4 Richard, b. Feb. 7, 1691. (14) 

36—5 Hannah, b. Aug. , 1693, m. Jonathan Foster. 

37_6 John, b. Aug. 1, 1695. (15) 

38—7 Abiel, b. 1697. 

39_8 Oliver, b. May 7, 1698. (16) 

(5) II. Isaac Peabody, (4—4) b. 1648, lived in Topsfield. Inher- 
ited from his father the family mansion. Married Sarah . Will 

dated Oct. 21, 1726, proved January 2, 1727. Children, 

40—1 Francis, b. Dec. 1, 1694. (17) 

41 — 2 Mary, b. Feb. 5, 1696, m. William Jarvis of Boston. 

42—3 Isaac, b. March 15, 1697, died Jan. 13, 1739, never mar- 

ried. He inherited the family mansion, which was sold after 
his death to John Batchelder, who married his sister Anne. 

43—4 Philadelphia, b. Sept. 28, 1698, m. Dan'l. Reddington, Topsfield. 

44—5 Matthew, b. Dec. 10, 1699. (18) 

45 — 6 William, b. Jan. 26, 1701, died young and before his father. 

46—7 Estes, b. Sept. 28, 1702, m. widow Mary Gott, May 19, 

1746. (19) 

47_8 Joseph, b. June 14, 1704. (20) 

48 — 9 Sarah, b. March 10, 1706, m. Luke Averill of Topsfield. 

49-10 Anne, b. May 31, 1707, m. John Batchelder. 

50-11 Hepsibah, b. May 25, 1709, m. Eph'm Wildes, Jan. 31, 1731. 

51-12 Samuel, b. Jan. 3, 1711, died Jan. 23, 1711. 

1848.] The Peabody Family. 157 

(6) II. Jacob Peabodv, (12—12) b. July 28, 1664, lived in Tops- 
field, m. Abigail Towne, "Jan. 12, 1686. Died Nov. 24, 1689, a. 25 
yrs. His widow m. Thomas Perley, Jan. 14, 1696. Children, 

52 — 1 Kesiah. b.- m. Jos. Kenney of Preston, Ct., June 

28, 1704. 
53 — 2 Mercv b. m. Richard Dresser of Woodstock, Ct., 

June 29, 1700. 
54—3 Jacob, b. Nov. 9, 1G89. (21) 


(7) III. Ensign David Peabody (19—5) b. July 12, 1678, m. 
Sarah Pope of Dartmouth, Mass., according to the town records of 
Boxford ; she was, however, one of the four daughters of " Old Mr. 
Zacheus Gould" as appears from various deeds of the distribution of 
property in the Records of the Registry of Deeds for Essex county. 
Lived in Boxford, joined the church there in 1706, died April 1, 1726, 
a. 48. His widow died Sept. 29, 1756, a. 72. Children, 

55—1 Thomas, b. Sept. 22, 1705, died April, 1758. (22) 

5G— 2 Hannah, b. Oct. 14, 1707, m. Fuller. 

57_3 Sarah, b. Sept. 26, 1709, m. Daniel Wood, May 18, 1736. 
58—1 Mercy, b. Jan. 23, 1712, died Sept. 26, 1793. ' 
59—5 John, b. April 11, 1714, died April 27, 1765. (23) 
60—6 Deborah, b. Sept. 1716, died Aug. 21, 1736. 

61—7 Rebecca, b. Dec. 3, 1718, m. Dexter, died Feb. 25, 1793. 

62—8 Susanna, b. May, 1721, died Oct. 1794. 

63 — 9 Mary, b. Sept. 1723, died in infancy. 
64-10 David, b. Oct. 4, 1724, died Aug. 16, 1774. 
65-11 Mary, b. Nov. 1, 1726, died 1736. 

(8) III. Deacon Nathan Peabody, (21—7) b. July 20, 1682, m. 
1, Nov. 29, 1711, Hannah Putnam of Salem Village ; m. 2, March 
27, 1723, Pricilla Thomas of Topsfield. Lived in Boxford, chosen 
deacon of the church there Nov. 17, 1730, will dated Feb. 21, 1733, 
died March 4, 1733. Children by Hannah, 

66—1 John. b. Feb. 2, 1713, died Feb. 23, 1713. 

67—2 Hannah, h. April 27, 1714. 
58__g Nathan, l>. March 13, 1716. (24) 
69 — i Elizabeth, b. Feb. 14, 1718. 

Children by Pricilla, 

7m_;, i) ;m iel, i,. Nov. 23. 1721, died April 17, 1725. 
71— Ruth. b. Aug. 6,1727. 

72—7 Looiia, b. Sept. 24, 1728. 

(0) III. Joseph Peabody, (25—1) b. April 16, 1671, lived in 
Boxford, m. Mary , admitted to the church in Topsfield Aug. 30, 

ITn-J, transferred to the Boxford church April 25, 1703, died in 1715. 


158 Genealogy of [April, 

73 — 1 Samuel, b. July 6, 169 4, lived in Middleton, left no children. 

74—2 Joseph, b. Jan. 30, 1696, died 1751. (25) 

75—3 Mary, b. Feb. 4, 1697, m. John Bulfinch of Boston. 

76—4 Hannah, b. March 15, 1703, unmarried in 1758. 

77 — 5 Rebecca, b. Oct. 15, 1705, m. Joseph Loudon of Boston. 

78—6 Zerubabel, b. Feb. 26, 1707, lived in Middleton. (26) 

79—7 Nathaniel, b. Oct. 7, 1710, lived in Middleton. (27) 

80—8 Bethiah, b. 1715. 

(10) III. Jonathan Peabody, (26—2) b. 1673, lived in Boxford, 
m. Alice , died April 18, 1741. Children, 

81—1 Alice, b. April 29, 1711, m. Henry Gray, June, 1736. 

82—2 Elizabeth, b. Oct. 28, 1712, died in infancy. 

83— 3 John, b. Dec. 30, 1713, m. Sarah Dorman, May 18, 1736. 


84—4 Joseph, b. Dec. 13, 1718, m. Sarah Holt of Andover. (29) 
85—5 Mehitable, b. May 23, 1721. 

86—6 Anna, b. July 31, 1723. 

87—7 Jonathan, b. Feb. 25, 1725, m. Mary Ramsdell, Feb. 20, 1752. 


88—8 Lydia, b. Nov. 18, 1729. 

(11) III. Samuel Peabody, (28—4) b. April 8, 1678, m. Lydia 
Holt, Jan. 27, 1707, lived in Andover, died previous to 1715. Chil- 

89—1 Moses, b. 1708, m. Sarah Holt, June 17, 1727. (31) 

90—2 Lydia, b. 

(12) III. Stephen Peabody, (32—1) b. Aug. 15, 1685, m. Han- 
nah Swan, lived in Boxford, is called " captain," died Jan. 7, 1759. 
His widow died April 17, 1764, a. 75. Children, 

91—1 Hannah, b. Feb. 1, 1709. 

92—2 Richard, b. May 29, 1711, died Oct. 11, 1711. 

93—3 Mary, b. Dec. 29, 1713. 

94—4 William, b. June 29, 1715, m. Rebecca Smith, March 25, 1740. 

Removed to Amherst, Nv H., about 1742. (32) 

95 — 5 Hepsibah, b. Feb. 14, 1718, m. Dorman. 

96—6 Pricilla, b. Nov. 22, 1719, m. Hale. 

97 — 7 Francis, b. Feb. 12, 1721, removed to New Brunswick, 1764. 

98—8 Stephen, b. Oct. 1, 1724. (34) 

99—9 Richard, b. April 13, 1731. (35) 

(13) III. Ephraim Peabody, (34—3) b. April 23, 1689, m. Han- 
nah Reddington, July, 1713, lived in Boxford, was deranged from 1732 
to his death. Guardians during that period, Thomas Reddington and 
his brother Stephen. Will dated July 4, 1728, proved June 23, 1740, 
died June 1, 1740, a. 51. Children, 

100 — 1 Thomas, b. July 14, 1715, lived first in Boxford, then in Lu- 
nenburg, Worcester county. (36) 
101—2 Abraham, b. Oct. 6, 1717. (37) 

1848.] The Peabody Family. 159 

102 — 3 Ephraim, b. Feb. 1G, 1720, lived in Ashford, "Windham county, 

Ct. (38) 
103—4 Hannah, b. May 8, 1725. 
104—5 Nathaniel, b. Dec. 18, 1727. (39) 
105—6 Stephen, b. 1729, died in 1733. 

106—7 Mary, b. 1731. 

(14) III. Richard Peabody, (35—4) b. Feb. 7, 1691, married 
Ruth Kimball, lived in Boxford. Children, 

107—1 Asa, b. Jan. 25, 1717. (40) 
108—2 Mary, b. Jan. 13, 1719. 
109—3 Abigail, b. Oct. 10, 1722. 
110 — 4 Sarah, b. June 5, 1725. 
111—5 Richard, b. Jan. 15, 1727. (41) 
112—6 Peggy, b. June, 1729. 

(15) III. John Peabody, (37—6) b. Aug. 1, 1695, lived first in 
Boxford, and where most, if not all his children were born. Removed 

to Andover, where he was living in 1752. Married Sarah , 1722. 


113—1 Sarah, b. Jan. 25, 1723. 

114 — 2 Oliver, b. June 22, 1725, was father of the lion. Oliver Pea- 
body of Exeter, N. II. (42) 

115—3 Mehitable, b. Aug. 20, 1727. 

116—4 John, b. Jan. 16, 1730, died 1730. 

117 — 5 John, b. Aug. 9, 1732, lived first in Andover, then in 

Bridgeton, Cumberland county, Me. M. Mary Perley, June 
28, 1764 (43) 

118— 6 Betty, b. April 1,1735. 

119—7 Mary, b. Oct. 20, 1737, d. Nov. 1, 1738. 

120—8 Mary, b. Jan. 27, 1739. 

121 — 9 Stephen, b. Nov. 11, 1741, was a minister in Atkinson, N. II. 

122-10 Rebecca, b. Sept. 6, 1746. 

(16) III. Rev. Oliver Peabody, (89—8) b. May 7, 1698. II. C. 
L721. Was it minister in Natick, and highly esteemed for the purity 
of his character. The following inscription is copied from his monu- 
ment, in the graveyard at South Natick. The original is in Latin. 
•• Here are deposited the remains of the reverend OLIVER PEABODY, 
a man venerable for the faculties of his mind and for all needful learn- 
ing. He delighted much in theological investigations. He discharged 
the pastoral office with great renown for thirty years ; — ministering to 
the people of Natick, especially to the aborigines, in the cause of sacred 
learning. He was a model in social life. In benevolence and univer- 
sal hospitality, he was pre-eminent. In the firm expectation of a future 
retribution, he was called from his ministry on the 2d of February, 
A. D. 1752, 154; ." He married Hannah Baxter, daughter 
of Rev. Joseph Baxter, of Medfield, a lady distinguished for her piety 
and good sense. She married, second, Deacon John Elliot, of Boston, 
N .. 2, 1769. The people of Natick have the most pleasing traditions 

160 Genealogy of [April, 

with respect to this family. A correspondent, to whom I am indebted 
for many particulars, writes, " All the old people here unite in saying, 
that the Peabody's were a wonderful family, possessing more virtues 
and fewer vices than could seldom be found in one family." Children, 

123 — 1 Catharine, b. Feb. 27, 1723-4, d. unmarried in Boxford, Sept. 
17, 1802. 

124—2 Oliver, b. Jan. 15, 1725-6. H. C. 1745. Ordained Pas- 
tor 1st Church in Roxbury, Nov. 7, 1750. Was never mar- 
ried. Died May 29, 1752, a. 26. 

125—3 William, b. Feb. 20, 1727-8, d. unmarried, Jan. 13, 1767. 

126—4 Rebecca, b. June 13, 1730, m. Dr. Wm. Deming, of Need- 
ham, Dec. 20, 1759, d. Jan. 18, 1822, a. 92 years. 

127—5 Mercy, b. July 24, 1732, d. unmarried Nov. 20, 1804. 

128 — 6 Joseph, b. Sept. 19, 1734, d. unmarried at Newbury, N. 

129—7 Hannah, b. March 12, 1736, m. Rev. Elizur Holyoke, of 
Boxford, Nov. 13, 1760, and had 8 children; d. Dec. 20, 
1808, a. 72. 

130—8 Susanna, b. Sept. 6, 1739, d. March 20, 1740. 

131—9 Susanna, b. March 10, 1740, d. March 28, 1741. 

132-10 Elizabeth, b. April 6, 1742, d, April 24, 1742. 

133-11 Thomas, b. Dec. 27, 1743, d. Jan. 15, 1744. 

134-12 Sarah, b. Sept. 23, 1745, m. 1, Joseph Eliot, of Boston; 
2, William Brown, of Boston, d. April 5, 1808. 

(17) III. Cornet Francis Peabody, (40—1) b. Dec. 1, 1694. 
Lived in Middleton. m. Dorothy Perkins, Jan. 27, 1715. Died 
April 23, 1769. His widow d. May 3, 1771, a. 76. Children, 

135 — 1 Francis, b. Sept. 21, 1715, was the father of the late Joseph 

Peabody, an eminent merchant of Salem, Mass. (45) 
136—2 Mary, b. Aug. 10, 1718. 
137_3 Dorothy, b. March 27, 1720. 
138—4 Samuel, b. Jan. 30, 1722. (46) .. 
139 — 5 Nathaniel, b. April 7, 1723, lived in Danvers. (47) 
140—6 William, b. March 11, 1725. (48) 
141—7 Isaac, b. Aug., 1727. (49) 

142—8 Daniel, b. June, 1729. (50) 

143—9 Bimsley, b. Sept. 8, 1731. (51) 
144-10 Hannah, b. Feb. 23, 1733. 
145-11 Stephen, b. April 25, 1735. (52) 

(18) III. Matthew Peabody, (44—5) b. Dec. 10, 1699, m. 1, 

Mehitable ; she d. June 6, 1740 ; m. 2, Sarah Dorman, 

April 13, 1743. Lived in Topsfield ; d. Oct. 20, 1777 — his wife 
died same day, and they were both buried in one grave. 

Children by Mehitable. 

146—1 Ebenezer, b. Feb. 11, 1727. (53) 

147_2 Mehitable, b. Dec. 24, 1728. 

148—3 John, b. Sept. 10, 1730, d. Jan. 29, 1802. (54) 

149—4 Sarah, b. March 31, 1733, m. Daniel Porter, 1769. 

1848.] The Peabody Family. 161 

Children by Sarah. 

150—5 Seth, b. Nov. 27, 1744. (55) 

151 — 6 Isaac, b. Sept. 29, 1747, settled in New Boston, N. II. (56) 

1.32—7 Deborah, b. Oet. 21, 1750, d. Jan. 4, 1757. 

(19) III. Estes Peabody, (40— 7) b. Sept. 28, 1742, lived in Kil- 
linglv, Windham Co., Ct., m. Marv Gott, a widow, May 19, 1746. 
He died Dec. 31, 1770. His widow died Feb. 15, 1772. He left no 

(20) III. Joseph Peabody, (47—8) b. June 14, 1704, lived in 
Topsfield, m. Elizabeth Bradstreet, a descendant of Gov. Bradstreet, 
Nov. 2, 1729. She died 31 Dec, 1751. He died June 7,1755. 
Will proved 21 June, 1755. Bequeathed a very valuable wardrobe 
and rich jewels of his wife's to his three daughters. Children, 

153—1 Joseph, b. Sept. 15, 1730, d. Aug. 7, 173G. 

154—2 Jacob, b. Dee. 2, 1731, d. Aug. 14, 1736. 

155_3 Dudley, b. June 15, 1735, d. Aug. 6, 1736. 

156—4 Elizabeth, b. Sept. 23, 1737, d. Dec. 20, 1806, a. 69 years. 

1 ;,7—5 Jacob, b. April 6, 1739, ra. Sarah Potter, 1763, d. Nov. 25, 

1806. (57) 

1 58—6 Pricilla, b. 1743, m. Isaac Averill, Dec. 22, 1761. 

159—7 Peggy, b. April 13, 1748, m. Benj. Bixby, Jr., Nov. 1770. 

(21) III. Dea. Jacob Peabodv, (54—3) b. Nov. 9, 1G89, lived in 
field, in. Rebecca Baker, April 30, 1712, d. July 24, 1749. His 

widow lived to a very advanced age, and died March 12, 1780. Chil- 

160 — 1 Jacob, b. Feb. 18, 1713, m. Susanna Rogers, dau. of Rev. 
John Rogers, minister at Boxford. Was father of the late 
Gen. Nathaniel Peabody, of Atkinson, N. II. (58) 

161 — 2 Rebecca, b. Feb. 3, 1715, m. Stephen Foster, of Ipswich, 
April 21. 1736. 

162—3 Abigail, b. Feb. 13, 1717, d. May 12, 1736. 

163—4 Nathaniel, b. Feb. 25, 1710, d. dune 25, 1736. 

164 — ~> Pricilla, l>. March 25, 1721, d. unmarried May 8, 1753. 

1<;;,_ ( ; Thomas, 1). Aug. 24, 1723, d. Sept. 25, 1723' 

166—7 Martha, 1). Aug. 19, 1724, d. June 17, 1736. 

167— 8 Elizabeth, 1). Oct 25, 172s, & June 18, 1736. 

(To be continued in a future number.) 

162 Individual and Family Names. [April, 



"what's in a name?" 

Imago animi, vultus ; vitae, Nomen est. — Puteanus. 

Individual Names, or Names of Individuals, were given for the dis- 
tinction of persons, one from another, as Adam, Eve, Noah, Abraham, 
Sarah, Paul and John. Such names have always been in use, and, at the 
present day, are generally termed christian or baptismal names. They 
were adopted originally, to a great extent, from the consideration of 
their signification. As an illustration of this remark, we present the 
following names : — First, of men ; namely, Adam — earthy, taken out 
of the earth; Abel — just; Alexander — helper of men ; Andrew — 
manful; Benjamin — son of the right hand; Caleb — hearty; Chrys- 
ostom — golden mouth ; Constantine — firm ; Daniel — judgment of 
God ; David — beloved ; Edmund — happy ; Edwin — happy victor ; 
Edward — happy keeper; Ellis, (corruptly for Elias) — Lord God; 
Erasmus — amiable ; Francis — free ; Frederic — rich peace ; Gabriel 
— man of God; George — husbandman; Godfrey — God's peace; 
Goodrich — rich in God; Hector — defender; Humphrey — house 
peace ; Hierome — holy name ; Isaac — laughter ; Israel — prevailing 
in the Lord ; John — gracious ; Joseph — increase of the Lord ; Leon- 
ard — lion-hearted ; Luke — luminous ; Matthew — reward ; Moses — 
drawn forth ; Nathaniel — the gift of God ; Neale — blackish ; Nicho- 
las — conqueror ; Oswald — Steward ; Paul — wonderful ; Phillippe — 
lover of horses ; Robert — famous in counsel ; Roger — quiet ; Reu- 
ben — vision of the son ; Seaborn — born upon the sea ; Sebastian — 
majestic ; Sylvanus — woodman ; Stephen — a crown ; Theophilus — 
lover of God ; Thomas — a twin ; Vincent — victorious ; William — a 
defence of many; Wilfred — much peace; Zachariah — the memory 
of the Lord : — Secondly, of women : namely, Abigail — the father's 
joy ; Alice — noble ; Adeline — descending from nobles ; Barbara — 
strange ; Catharine — chaste ; Clara — bright ; Dorcas — a roebuck 
Eleanor — pitiful ; Eve — giving life ; Florence — flourishing ; Joan 
na — grace of the Lord ; Judith — praising ; Lucia — lightsome 
Mary — - exalted ; Margarett — precious ; Priscilla — ancient ; Ros 
amund — rose of the world ; Susanna — lily ; Sophia — wisdom 
Theodosia — God's gift; Ursula — little bear. Thus, christian names 
were originally given as expressive of some circumstance of birth, per- 
sonal quality possessed, good desired by parents, or some other reason. 
Much importance was attached to the name as indicating the fortune 
of the child. Hence the proverb, " Bonum nomen, bonum omen." 

Family Names were given for the purpose of particularizing families. 
They are a sort of hereditary distinction, and arc called by the French 
and English, surnames, because added to christian or baptismal names. 
In the early state of society among the Jews, Egyptians, Persians, 

1848.] Individual and Family Xamcs. 1G3 

Greeks, Romans, Germans, Gauls, Britons, indeed among every nation, 
no individual had more than one name; but in a more advanced or 
refined period, an additional name was given, in order to mark the dif- 
ferent families to which individuals belonged, as well as to distinguish 
members of the same family from each other. Among the Greeks a 
few families at Athens and Sparta had family names. When the 
league was established between the Romans and the Sabines, to confirm 
which it was covenanted that the Romans should add Sabine names to 
theirs, and that the Sabines should add Roman names to theirs. These 
were termed nomina Gentilitia, et cognomina, as their previous names 
were termed pnenomina. Commonly among the Romans, each person 
had three names ; namely, a proper name (pramomen, which distin- 
guished the individual,) the name of the clan, (no men ^) and the fam- 
ily name, {cognomen.} Sometimes also a surname was added, which 
was given on account of some distinguished exploit or remarkable event. 
The prcenomen was placed first, and usually written with one or two 
letters ; as M. for Marcus, Q. for Quintus, Cn. for Cneius. Then 
followed the nomen ; as Fahius, Julius, (from the clan (gens,*) Fabi- 
an, Julian.) Lastly came the cognomen ; as Cicero, Scipio. In the 
namj 31. Tullius Cicero, 31. is the prcenomen, which distinguishes him 
from his brother Quint us ; Tullius, the nomen, which distinguishes the 
clan, (g»'ns ;) and Cicero, the cognomen, which shows his family. An 
ttice of a surname, {agnomen,} is Africanus, added to Scipio ; as 
Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus. 

The Hebrews in their genealogies, instead of surnames, used the name 
of the father with Ben, which signifies son, as Melchi, Ben Addi ; Ad- 
di, Ben Cosam ; Cosam, Ben Elmadam ; — that is, Melchi, son of Ad- 
di ; Addi, son of Cosam ; Cosam, son of Elmadam. A similar practice 
prevailed among our English ancestors, as Ceonred Ceolwalding, Ceol- 
wald Cnthing, Cuth Cuthwining; — that is, Ceonred, son of Ceolwald, 
vald, son of Cuth, Cuth, son of Cuthwin, the termination or sulKx, 
ailing son or offspring. In the same sense, the Welsh Britons 
used Ap, (son,) as Ap Owen; Owen, Ap I Lorry ; Harry, Ap Rhese ; 
— that is, son of Owen; Owen, son of Harry; Harry, son of Rhese. 
The ■ said with regard to the Scotch in the use of Mac, 

dd, Mac Wharter ; Wharter, Mac Dowell ; Dowell, Mac 
Clelland; — that is, Donald, son of Wharter; Wharter, son of Dowell ; 
: ' . SOU of Clelland. With the Irish, the expression for son is Oy 

orO'; as O'Neal; Neal, O'Riley ; Riley, O'Brien ; Brien, O'Connell ; 
l ". O'Hara; — thai i of Neal; Neal, son of Riley; Riley, 

son of Brien; Brien, son of Connell ; Connell, son of Hara. In like 
maim -r, the old Normans in their surnames used Fit/,, a corruption for 
John, Fitz Robert ; R t, Fitz William ; William,Fitz 
B _ : ' . Fitz Gerald ; Gerald, Fitz Herbert ; Herbert, Fitz Roy. 

Surna used by the French nation about the com- 

mencement of the eleventh century,* and by the English nation about 

;' William, the Conqueror, in 1066, when the Conquest was 

* D of surnames in France began about the y< nrhen tin.' 

baronj adopted tl. gnating themselves by th< li 

104 Individual and Family Names, [April, 

achieved, or, as some suppose, as early as Edward, the Confessor, who 
began his reign in 1041. It is certain that the occasional use of sur- 
names in England dates beyond the ingress of the Normans. But be- 
fore the Conquest it was usual for persons to subscribe to deeds and all 
legal instruments, with a cross and a single name without a surname, in 
the following manner : + Ego Eadredus confirmani ; + Ego Edmun- 
dus corroborani ; + Es:;o Si^arius conclusi. In the authentic record of 
the Exchequer in England, called the Doomsday Book, surnames are 
first found in public records in established order. The Scotch date the 
use of surnames about the time the English do ; but it is not certain 
that they are correct in doing it. In England these names were intro- 
duced gradually. They were first assumed by the people of the " bet- 
ter sort," generally, who took the names of their estates, and it was 
not until the reign of Edward II., (1307,) that they were " settled 
among the common people fully." In Germany and some kindred na- 
tions, family names were little used by the commoners before the four- 
teenth century. The most current opinion is, that surnames can 
scarcely be said to have been permanently settled before the era of the 
Reformation, in the sixteenth century.* 

The origin of surnames is various. The greatest number, probably, are 
derived from towns, villages, seats or patrimonial possessions. The most 
ancient, says the learned Camden, are from places in Normandy, and 
countries adjoining it. All names having the French De, Du, Des y 
De la prefixed, or beginning or ending with Font, Fant, Beau, Saint, 
Mont, Bois, Aux, are of this description. The names of Warren, Mor- 
timer, Percy, Devereaux, Harcourt, Tracy, Montfort, and Cayly are 
derived from places in Normandy. Indeed, there is scarcely a village 
in that country which has not given a name to some family in England. 
From places in France are derived the names of Courtney, Bollein, Paris, 
Corby, Bohun, Saint George, Saint Andrew, Cressy, Lyons, Loring,f 
and Beaumont. Nearly all the towns, villages and hamlets, also, in 
England and Scotland, have given names to families, as Murray, Clif- 
ford, Stafford, Gordon, Douglass, Heydon, Barkeley, Leigh, Hastings, 
Hamleton, Booths, Clinton, Cotton, Hume, Stanhope, Sydenham, Arling- 
ton, Whitney, Wentworth, Fanshaw, Carie, Hartshorne, Gifford, Bassett, 
Howard, Talbot, Lovell, Tirell, Blunt, and Bissett. Most of the families 
in Cornwall have names, a constituent part of which is contained in the 
following distich : 

" By Tre, Ros, Pol, Lan, Caer, and Pen.J: 
You may know the most Cornish men." 

All names, which in England had Of set before them, which in 
Cheshire and the North was contracted into A, as Thomas a Dutton, 
John a Standish, Adam a Kirby, or which in Latin had De prefixed, 

* Archaologia, Vol. XVIII., p. 108. 

t The name of Loring, though not found in the Roll of Battel Abbey by Pox, is found in 
Leland's copy of the Roll, to which Lower, in his Essays on English Surnames, says 
" The preference ought unquestionably to be conceded." The name Loring is derived 
from Lorraine, a province in France. 

\ These words signify in their order a town, a heath, a pool, a church, a castle, a prom- 

1848.] Individual and Family Karnes. 165 

were derived from places. The same may be said, to a considerable 
extent, of those names which had Le before them. Under the head of 
local names may be placed also such as Hill, Wood, Field, Pool, Pond. 

Next to local names or those derived from places, the most numerous 
are those derived from trades or professions, as Archer, Brewer, Bra- 
zier, Baker, Carpenter, Goldsmith, Cutter, Fisher, Taylor, Potter, 
Smith, Saddler, Painter, Webster, Wheeler, Wright, Wheelwright, 
Mason, Gardner, Turner. 

Some names have been assumed from office, as Chamberlain, Cooke, 
Marshall, Sergeant, Foster, Fowler, Page, Butler, Clarke, Proctor, 
Abbot, Bishop, Priest, Dean. 

Names have been taken from titles of honor, dignity, or estate, as 
King, Prince, Lord, Baron, Knight, Squire. 

Named also have been derived from bodily or mental qualities, as 
Goodman, Wise, Proud, Strong, Armstrong, Long, Low, Short, Little. 

Periods of life have given rise to names, as Old, Young, Child, Baby. 

Some names have been derived from parts of the body, as Head, 
Whitehead, Legge, Foot, Arm, Heart ; and others from the color of 
complexion or dress, as White, Black, Brown, Green ; and others again 
from fruits and flowers, as Pear, Peach, Lilly, Rose. 

Many names are derived from beasts, as Lamb, Lyon, Bear, Buck, 
Fox, Wolf, Hog, Roe, Badger, Hind, Hare ; others from birds, as Dove, 
Lark, Nightingale, Swallow, Peacock, Sparrow, Swan, Woodcock, 
Crow, Wren, Parrot ; and others from fishes, as Pike, Crab, Bass, Sal- 
mon, Haddock. 

A considerable number of surnames have originated from christian 
names, as Francis, Leonard, Herbert, Giles, Lewis, Humphrey, James, 
Jacob, Daniel, Thomas, Anthony, Alexander. 

The names of Corbet, Goodwin, Goodrich, Fabyan, Ilcrvcy, How- 
ard, Osborn, Payne, Searle, Star, Swain, Wade, Warner, Hamlin, Tal- 
bot, Wade, and Maynard were formerly christian names, and in use 
about the time of William the Conqueror. 

Many surnames are formed by the addition of son to a christian 
name, as Williamson, Robertson, Richardson, Johnson. 

Nicknames or nursenames have, in process of time, become family 
names : as Bill, or Billy, for William ; Dick, or Dickey, for Richard. 

We might proceed to give other specimens of the origin of names; 
but our limits will not permit us to enlarge. A sufficient number 1 

•i presented to show that it is almost indefinitely various. It is 
Computed that there arc between thirty and forty thousand surnames 
in England alone. Their origin, too, is often curious. Persons fond of 
the study of individual or family nomenclature, will be entertained and 
instructed with the perusal of Camden's British Remains, Lower on 
English Surnames, Chambers' and Brande's Dictionaries, and the dif- 
ferent Encyclopedias on thi- subject, to which we have been greatly 
indebted in preparing this piece. 

166 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, $c. [April, 


Every person who makes much use of a pen might easily preserve im- 
portant and interesting memoranda in an available manner. He might do 
this by using paper of the same size, and folded in the same form, so that 
sheet might be added to sheet to form a book. He begins with numbering 
each article he writes. He can then easily refer from one name to another, 
to parent, brother, or child. He can add statements as to any person 
named in a new article numbered in order, and referring to the number of 
the article where the person was before named. lie might have an alpha- 
betical index of the whole. Towns may thus be entered with names of 
persons. Memoranda of births, marriages, deaths, removals, &c, may thus 
be made. The practice of writing such notices would be a pleasant employ- 
ment of some scraps of time that otherwise would be spent idly ; and it 
would also tend to promote the improvement of the mental powers. Facts 
of importance would be preserved which a treacherous memory easily loses. 
A minute history of a town or county would be quite as important for show- 
ing the progress of human society as the history of an empire.* A state- 
ment of the introduction of an improvement in tanning, spinning, erecting 
houses, making roads, building carriages, forming farming and mechanic 
tools, fashioning garments, using meats and drinks, and managing social 
intercourse, would be of vastly more value than an eloquent relation of the 
intrigues of courts, and the movements of armies. C. F. 


Of this individual the common biographical dictionaries state the career, 
or as much of it as they usually do of those as celebrated. It is sufficient 
to state here that he perished ignominiously on a gallows thirty feet high, at 
Edinburgh. His executioners, as though determined not to be outdone in 
barbarism, quartered his body and hung it up on the walls of that city, May 
21st, 1G50. This was in requital for his exertions against the liberties of 
his country. 

It is said, that, before his execution, not having any friends to " memor- 
ize him, he was so zealous of the fame of his great master, Charles I., that 
with the point of his sword he wrote these following lines." 

Great, good, and just could I but rate 

My griefs, and thy so rigid fate, 

I'de weep the world to such a strain, 

As it should deluge once again. 

But since thy loud tongu'd blood demands supplies, 

More from Briareus hands than Argus eyes. 

He sing the obsequies with Trumpets sounds, 

And write thy Epitaph with blood and wounds. 

AVinstanley's Worthies. 

* We not only agree with our correspondent in this, but we go much further. It is to 
the beginning of things we must look, or we can arrive to no satisfactory end. To know 
what our ancestors did when they fixed their abode among these hills, we should know 
what they had to do with. To know how they estimated social life, and the importance of 
mental improvement, we must know something how they themselves stood indebted to the 
age in which they lived. — Editor. 

1848.] The Goolcin Family. 167 


[Continued from page 302, Vol. I.] 

[The following extracts may afford some reasonable conjecture respecting the name 

On page 221 of Harris 1 History of the County of Kent, folio. London, 1729, he says that 
(; Nonington lies about the middle of the East part of Kent, about five miles Southward 
from Sandwich, in the Bailiwick of Eastry, Lath of St. Austin, East Division of the Coun- 
ty. In the Deanery of Bridge and Diocese of Canterbury," and among the "Places of 
note there" he mentions w Fredville, in old writings called Froidville from its bleak and 
high situation. It was anciently belonging to the Family of Colkin, or as commonly 
called Cokin; who probably built the seat here. The Colkins came originally from Can- 
terbury where they had a Lane called Colkin's Lane ; and were also Proprietors of Worth- 
Gate in that city. William Colkin who lived in King John's Reign [1199 — 1216] founded 
an Hospital near Eastbridge there, which bore his name and he was also a great Benefac- 
tor to those Hospitals of St. Nicholas, St. Katharine and St. Thomas of East Bridge. 
John Colkin died possessed of Fredville in the 10 th year of King Edward III., [1336,] and 
his family held it till about the reign of King Edward II., [1307 — 1327.] and then it was 
sold to Thomas Charleton." In a list of the officers of the city of Canterbury, he mentions 
under the title Ballivi [the chief Magistrate of a corporation was originally denoted by that 
word] B Willidnus Cockin" in 1 250 and in 1267, and " Edmund us Cokyn" in 1358. In 
the general index to the volume, but not citing any page, is the following — " Gooking ; 
Gules, a Chevron between three Cocks, or." 

Camden mentions " Ashburn, [in Derbyshire] a town where the family of Cockains have 
lomr flourished."* And Sylvanus Morgan gives ' ; Argent, 3 cocks gules, Armed, Crested 
and Jelloped Sable," of Cokain. a family of dignity at Asiiisorne, "and in Kent County 
gives the name Cakyn ; another author assigns the same arms to Cockayn. These variations 
in the etymology of the name, of Colkin to Cokin, and of Gookin to Gokin, and Gocking, 
changed with the pronunciation, as Cant. John Smith, who probably knew Daniel Gookin, 
of Va., 1621. personally, [see p. 346, Keg] called him Gockin, and then Gookin. Harris 
distinctly mentions the change both of the pronunciation and writing, from Colkin to Co- 
kin : and in his index as quoted we find Gooking, and while the name was written by the 
vi-iting Herald, Gokin. ( See p. 345.) Burke, of the present day, writes it Gookin.f Some 
of the early New England chroniclers spell the name " Goggin." Thus we find the succes- 
sive changes — Colkin, Corkin, Cockayn, Cockyn, Cokain, Cokin, Gockin, Gokin, Gookin, and 
others. This conjecture is strengthened by the affinity of the arms, for in Heraldry, coat 
armor distinguishes families with nearly, if not quite the certainty of surnames. Guillim 
calls " the cock the Knight among birds, being both of noble courage and prepared evermore 
to the battle; having his comb for an helmet, his sharp -and hooked bill For a fauchcon 
(falchion) or coortlax to flash and wound his enemies, and as a complete soldier armed 
cap-a-pie, he hath his legs armed with spurs, giving example to the valient soldier to expel 
danger by tight, and not by flight." The "Cokyn" and "Colkyn" and all subsequent 
changes were no doubt, mere contrivances to get rid of the imcuphoneous and objectiona- 
ble title worn by the fir-r soldier of the Family, whose vigilance and chivalric bravery in 
the rude day- of old England set him down for a Cockin by name, with three cocks in his 
shield, thus winning the name and the insignia together. The instances in which armorial 
derices were borrowed from, or correspond with the names of the men for whom they 
were intended, arc somewhat numerous. As the Bulkleys (that is the Bullockleys) have 
three buttock 1 i headt in their arm-, the Dobells (that is Doc-bells) have three docs and a bell 
for their-, and Earl Bellomont, Lord Cootc, Gov. of Mass tts in 1699, had on his coat of 
arm-, two or more coots. 

In Ilakluyt's Voyages, p. 183, the name Godekin, occurs thus: "About the feast of 

er. in the yeere of our Lord 1394. Henry van Pomeren — Godekin, Michael, Clays 

ftheld, II ms Howfoote, Peter Ilawfoote, and many others with them of Wismcr and of 

B •-' ■• tig of the Society of the Hans, tooke by main force, a ship of New-Castle npon 

Tyn . sailing upon the sea toward Pru-sia. belonging to Roger de Thornc- 

ton, and others." In the -ub-equent narrative the name Godekin seems to be used as a 
Christian name and a Surname indiscriminately.] 

The following paper, relating to political difficulties, ia the one referred 
to in the former Dumber, [p. 351.1 Considerable inquiry has been made 

* Britannia. Fol 491. London: 1611 t" Burke's Common* 

168 The G-ookin Family, [April, 

for it from time to time, unsuccessfully, and it is of great value in the his- 
tory of that critical period : — 

"Honored Gentlemen : — Haueing liberty by law [title Liberties com- 
mon] to present in speech or writing any necessary motion, or information, 
whereof that meeting hath proper cognizance so it bee don in conuenient 
time, due order and Respective manner — I have chosen the latter way 
and hope I shall attend the qualifications as to time, order and manner. 

It is much upon my hart to suggest to your prudent, pious, and serious 
consideration my poore thoughts touching the matters lyeing before you, 
which (to my weake understanding) is a case of great concernment, as to 
the weale or woe of thousands of the Lord's poore people in this wilderness 
yt for the testimony of Jesus transplanted themselves into this wilderness yn 
vnhabited ; and here purchasing ye right of the natives did sit downe in 
this vacuum, as it were, and who with great labour and sufferings, for many 
yeares conflicting w T ith hard winters and hot summers haue possessed and 
left to yr posterity Those inheritances so rightfully alloted to ym According 
to the Law of God and man ; these considerations render the matter most 
momentous to me. 

Your present work (as I vnderstand) is, to draw up instructions for An 
Agent or Agents to bee sent for England, in complyance with his ma'ties 
commands in his last letter, which requires vs to send Agents, within 3 
months duly impoured to Answer a claime made by one Mr. Mason claim- 
ing title to a certaine tract of land within this jurisdiction, particularly be- 
tween the riuers of Naumkeike [Salem] and Merimack, upon wh land 
many of our principal townes are seated, and many thousands of people 
interested and concerned who haue right to these lands by the Generall 
Court's grant, Indian Title, and yt impoured, and that for about fifty yeares, 
and without any claime made by Mr. Mason or his predecessors, and be- 
sides their title hath beene established by o'r law till possession, printed 
and published, when conuenient time was granted to enter ye claimes if any, 
and upon the pr'mises many sales and Alienations haue (doubtles) beene 
made ; and diuers of the first planters deceased, leaving their inheritances 
to ye quiet poss'ion of yr posterity ; All this notwithstanding by the Letters 
aforesaid (wch there is good ground to think hath beene procured and sent 
ouer more by the solicitation of our enimies yn any disposition in his moste 
excelent ma'tie (o'r gracious king) to quel so great disquiet and disturbance 
to his poore inocent and Loyal Subjects, inhabiting in this place, as is oc- 
casioned therby, in requiring us to send an Agent or Agents to Answer 
before him and unto Mr. Mason's claimes, on behalf of these proprietors 
called Ter tennants, and to abide by the termination y't shall be there 
giuen ; Could wee promise o'rselues, that the conclusion would bee in o'r 
fauor, which we have no assurance to expect, yet the scruple with me for 
sending at all as the case is circumstanced is not remoued, but remains 

1. Because this pr'cedent in conceding to send Agent or Agents for the 
tryalls and to Answer particular complaints and claymes in England before 
his ma'tie touching proprieties, [companies,] will (as I humbly conceue) 
have a tendency, if not certenly subuert and destroy the mayne nerves of 
o'r Government and Charter, lawes and liberties. Besides (as I apr'hend) 
it wil bereaue us of o'r liberties as Englishmen, (confirmed many times by 
magna charta, who are to bee tryed in all their concernes, ciuil, or criminal 
by 12 honest men of the neighbourhood, under oath and in his ma'ties 
Courts, before his sworn Judges and not before his ma'ties Royal person ; 

1848.] The Gookin Family. 169 

surely o'r com'g 3 thousand miles under security of his ma'ties title, and by 
his good leave to plant this howling wilderness hath not denested us of that 
native liberty w'h o'r countrymen injoy. Now if Mr. Mason haue any 
claime to make, of any man within this jurisdiction, his ma'ties Courts heere 
established by charter are open to him : And hee may implead any man yt 
doth him wrong before ye Jury and sworne Judges ; according to law and 
pattern heretofore and lately confirmed by his Royal ma'tie as under his 
signet doth or may appeare. 

2d. To send Agents not duly impoured as his ma'ties lt'r requires will 
probably offend and prouoake his ma'tie rather yn please him and give him 
occasion either to imprison o'r Agents, until they bee fully impoured or oth- 
erwise pass a finall Judgment in the case (if Agents bee there) though they 
stand mute and doe not plead to the case. And on the other hand if Agents 
an' sent duly impoured to Answer as the letter requires, yn let it bee con- 
sidered whether wee doe not, at once, undoe ourselues and posterity, in be- 
ing obliged to Respond any complaint or try any case, ciuill or criminal wch 
it shall please any person, that delights in giuing us trouble, is pleased to 
bring thither, the Greevous Burden and inconvienience whereof would bee 
intolerable. I conceue, if one of the twaine must bee submitted to, It were 
much Better to desire yt A General Gouernor or Commission'rs might bee 
constituted here in the country to try all cases ciuil, criminal and military 
according to discretion, as was Attempted by the Commissioners Anno 1664, 
1665. But then God was pleased to influence his people with such a de- 
gree of virtue and courage, firmely to Adhere unto o'r charter and the Laws 
and Liberties thereby established ; and God of his grace and goodness was 
then pleased, upon our humble Adreses to o'r King, to incline his ma'ties 
Royal! hart to accept of o'r Answer and not to give us further trouble, 
the consequence whereof was yt we have enjoyed o'r mercys 15 years 
longer, and who knows But it may bee so now, if wee make our humble 
Adreses and give o'r reasons for not sending Agents; surely o'r God is 
the same, yesterday and to-day and for euer ; and our king is the same, in- 
cfining to fau'r the Righteous caus of his poore inocente and loyal subjects 
and I doubt not if wee make trial! and follow our endea'r by faith and prair 
but God will appear for us, in mercy, & make a good Isue of this affayre. 

The sending of Agents will contract a very great charge and expenses 
wch the poore people are very unable to stand under, considering the great 
diminishingfl yt wee haue had by warr, small pox, fires, sea loses, Blastings 
and other publicke loses, for my part, I see not how mony will be raised to 
defray this charge unles it bee borrowed upon interest of some particular 
man; moreouer the country is yet in debt and pays interest for mony 
lUy to bee at bo great eost for no other end (in probability) 
but to cut us short of o'r Liberties and priviledges as too late experience in 
o'r former Agent's Negotiation doth evidence. 

Besides this matter of Mr. Mason's claims wee are required to send 
Agents t<» Attend tic Pw'gulation of o'r Governrm nt, &C, and to satisfy his 
ma'tie in Admitting freemen a- i- proposed in ye letter. And to give an 
Acc't what ineonragemenl is giuen to such persons as desire to worship God 
Acoo ing to the way of the church of England. 

Now to send Agents to Answer and attend these things, who sees not how 
!• may prone unto as, for Touching our Government wee are 

well contented with it and o'r charter and desire DO change, [f there should 

bee any Lawei yl are Repognanl to ye Laws of England, (I know not any,) 

they may be repealed. 

170 The GooJcin Family. [April, 

Concerning freemen's Admission, nothing is more cleare in the charter, 
yn this, that the Gouern'r and Company haue free liberty to admit whome 
they thinke meet. 

As for any that desire to Avorship God According to the manner of the 
church of England, there is no law to pr'hibite or restraine ym neith'r is it 
meet to make any law to yt effect because it would bee repugnant to the law 
of England. But for this Gou'ment to declare or make a law to Encourage 
Any to practise yt worship here, may it not bee feared this would offend 
God, and bee condemning the doings and sufferings of o'rselues and 
fathers that first planted this country. 

These things considered and many more I might Aleadge giue mee cause 
to desire your pardon that I cannot consent or iudge it expedient to send An 
Agent or Agents at this time as things are circumstanced. 

Therefore I conceiue it is much the Best and safest course not to send 
any Agent at all and consequently the committe may forbeare to draw up 
Instruction for them but rather pr'sent to the court the difficulties in the 
case ; and if you please, I am not unwilling that this paper bee pr'sented to 
the Honored Court to consider of. 

And rather if you see meet to draw up and pr'sent to the Gen'll Court a 
humble and Argumentative Address to his Sacred ma'tie To pardon his 
poore yet Loyall people in this matter so destructive to the quiet and so 
inconsistent with their well being. 

But to this it may be objected, 

1 objection, that it is our duty to send Agents because the King com- 
mands it, otherwise we may be found Breakers of the fi'th command. 

Answer — I humbly conceue wee ought to distinguish of o'r duty to Su- 
per'rs, sometimes possibly they may require vnlawful things as the Rulers 
of the Jewes did of the Apostles; Acts, 4: 18. 19. — in wch case [the] 
Holy Ghost tels us our duty in yt text. 2dly. Rulers may command things 
yt considered in their tendencies and circumstances and comixture with 
religion, may be of a morall nature and consequently unlawful and not to be 
allow'd in doing, But rather Runne the Hazard of Suffering, of which na- 
ture I humbly conceaue is the pr'sent cause, for if wee send agents as the 
letter requires wee doe destroy ourselues in our greatest concerns as I apr'- 
hend ; now selfe preseruation, is a moral duty and not only Reason and Reli- 
gion but nature, doth teach us this. Againe, if this Gouernment of ours bee of 
Chhts establishing and gift and a part of his purchase, as I iudge it is, will 
it not bee a moral end for us to bee Active in parting Avith it. I remember 
yt eminent Mr. Mitchell, now in heaven, in his publicke lecture (February 
1660,) speaking of Cht's Kingly Gouernment upon a ciuil Acct, did Declare 
that this Gouernment setled in ye Massachus'ts according to pattent and 
laws was as hee said a specimen of that ciuil Gour'nt, that the lord Cht 
Jesus Design'd to establish in the whole world wherein such as are godly 
p'rsons, and vnder his Kingly Gouernment in his church should bee electers 
and elected to pouer. And therfore said hee who eu'r hee bee yt shall goe 
about to subuert or undermine this Gouernment, hee sets himselfe against 
Cht Jesus, and hee will (then) haue Cht for his enimy. Also Reverend 
Mr. Shepard in his booke of the ten Uirgins, 25 math, in ye 1 part, page 
166, speaks to ye same purpose. These persons were burning and shineing 
lights in yr Generation and much of God's mynd did they know and speak. 

Object. 2. But if wee send no Agents wee must expect sad consequences 
yrof such as putting us out of his ma'ties Allegeance, damning o'r patent, 
inhibiting trade, and such like. 

Answer 1 : Something hath been spoken aboue to this matter to wh I Refer. 

1848.] The Gookin Family. 171 

2 : I verily Belieue yt so gracious a prince as o'r king is will bee very 
slow to deale so seuerely against his poore loyall subjects yt Are not con- 
scious wee haue shewed any disloyalty to him or his pr'desc'rs, nor have 
been unwilling to obey him in the lord. But when the case is so circum- 
stanced yt we must be Accounted offenders or Ruine o'rselues ; of 2 evels 
ye least is to be chosen. 

3 : But if it should bee soe yt wee must suffer in this case wee may have 
ground to hope yt God o'r father in Cht will support and comfort us in all 
o'r tribulations and in his due time deliuer vs. Much more might be s'd 
Touching the pr'my'es. But I have been too tedious And longer yn I in- 
tended for well I crave yr pardon and humbly intreat a candid construction 
of this paper a coveringe of all the imperfections yr off: This case, as is 
aboue hinted, is very momentous and therefore I intreat you candidly to 
peruse what is s'd, if there bee little waight in it (as some may thinke) it is 
satisfactory to me, that I haue offered it to yr consideration, and yt I have 
in this great cause (before I goe hence and bee no more wch I must shortly 
expect) giuen my testimony and declared my judgment in this great con- 
cerne of Jesus Cht, To whome I commit all and yorselues also desiring 
him to be to you as hee is in himselfe, the mighty counsellor, King of Kings 
and Lord of Lords. 

I remaine your most humble seruant 

and His ma'ties most Loyal Subject, 


Cambridge, February 14, 1680. 

These for the Ilon'rable Symon Bradstreet Esq. Gouernour, and Thomas 
Danforth, Esq. Deputy Gouernor, and the Rest of the Honored Gent, of 
the Committee of the Generall Court appointed to draw up and prepare 
instructions for Agents to bee sent for England Sitting in Boston, pr'- 

General Gookin's Will shows the solemnity with which our fathers exe- 
cuted such instruments ; it contains a clear and full confession of the essen- 
tial- of the faith of that time, and furnishes a glimpse at the domestic and 
social condition of the early days of New England. 

M The will and testament of Daniel Gookin, Senior, living at Cambridge 
in New England, made and done this 13 th day of August 108o, being 
through the Grace of God at the present writing hereof, of a perfect un- 
derstanding and of a sound mind, although under some bodily infirmity at 
present, and considering also that I am through God's favor arrived to 
Dearly seventy three years of age, and expecting daily when my change 
will come, I consider it my duty, incumbent upon me, to set my house in 
order and to dispose of that small estate (much more than I deserve) 
which God hath committed to my guardianship, for the prevention of any 
difference among my relatione after my decease* 

•• In the first place, I commit my immortal soul, and the concerns thereof 

into the everlasting arms of the Infinite and Eternal God, the Father, the 
Son, and the Holy Ghost, three persons, yet hut one essence, the only 

living arid the true God ; I rely upon the free grace of God for my eternal 

salvation, through the merits, satisfaction ami righteousness of Jesus Christ, 
the only begotten Son of the Father full of grace and truth, being also 

equal with tie- Father and IIolv Spirit, one God, blessed forerer, wh<> \nv 

M men, and our salvation, in ftlllnest of time, came from h- nvi-ii, and took 
upon him the nature of man, being horn of the blessed Virgin Mary, \va- 

172 The Gookin Family. [April, 

conceived by the Holy Ghost, and He is God-man in one person, and is 
the great Mediator between God and man, and ever lives at the right hand 
of God, in the eternal heavens, making continued intercession for all the 
elect, for whom He shed his precious blood, to redeem them from sin and 
the wrath of God, which work of redemption, performed fully by Him is 
accepted by God, and I believe that by His righteousness, satisfaction and 
merits imputed to me by faith, and my sins and transgressions, being of 
God's free grace imputed to Him, I have good hope, through grace, that I 
am justified and accepted, and my sins pardoned, and in some measure 
begun to be sanctified by the Holy Ghost, and that after my death and 
resurrection, be perfectly glorified in the full enjoyment of God to all eter- 
nity, for my body which though naturally frail and corrupt, yet through 
grace, is made a temple of the Holy Ghost, and therefore my will is that it 
may be decently interred in the earth in Cambridge burying place near the 
dust of my wife but I desire no ostentation or much cost, to be expended 
at my funeral because it is a time of great tribulation* and my estate is 
little and weak. 

" Secondly, touching my outward estate I dispose of it as follows, to my 
dearly beloved wife Hannah, f I give and bequeath to her all that estate 
real and personal that she was possessed of before her marriage. I give 
also unto her for the term of her life my dwelling-house, barn and out 
houses, orchards and gardens appertaining to it, and tho use of three com- 
mons belonging to it, for wood and pasturage (my house lyes adjoining to 
the back-lane in Cambridge) to have and to hold the premises for her use 
and benefit during her natural life, provided she endeavor to keep both 
houses and fences in repair ; again I give unto my wife one cow, or the 

*■ This " great tribulation " was originated by the demand of a " full submission and 
entire resignation of their Charter" to Charles II, in the fall of 1683. "Some Wicked 
Men, whereof the Principal was one Randolph" were the Agents. The people, convinced 
that " they would act neither the part of Good Christians, nor of True Englishmen, if by 
any Act of theirs they should be Accessary to the Plot then managing to produce a Gen- 
eral Shipwreck of Liberties" and to deprive them of the " Inheritance of their Fathers," 
and " truly believing that they should sin against the God of Heaven, if they Voted an 
affirmative," " the Country was preserved from a Mean Compliance with the Vile Proposal" 
Increase Mather made a "short and prudent speech in the Town House, Jan. 23, 1684; 
many of the Freemen fell into Tears, the Question was upon the Vote, carried in the 
Negative, Neminc Contradicente. And this act of Boston had a great influence upon all the 

The language of that time is given, as it affords the best idea of the degree and extent 
of their feeling of " tribulation." At the date of the Will, judgment had been entered 
against the Charter, in legal process, and the whole country was filled with alarm for the 
safety of their civil and religious liberties. The history of Sir Edmund Andros's admin- 
istration fully justifies their apprehensions. 

t.She was his second wife — the eldest child of Edward Tyng, born 7 March, 1640, 
married Habijah, eldest son of Thomas Savage, 8 May, 1661 ; had Joseph, born 15 Aug., 
1662, died early ; Thomas, born 17 August, 1664, who married, 5 Feb., 1691, Mehitable 
Hanwood, was Colonel of the Boston Regiment, and died 3 March, 1721 ; and twin daugh- 
ters, Hannah and Mary, born 27 Aug., 1667. Hannah was the wife of Rev. Nathaniel 
Gookin in 1 685, as appears by his father's will. Mary married Rev. Thomas Weld, first 
minister of Dunstable, grandson of Rev. Thomas Weld, of Roxbury, who had been one 
of the fiercest enemies of her grandmother's mother, Faith Hutchinson. Habijah Savage 
died in 1669, it is probable, for his inventory was taken 24 May of that year, and probabiy 
without much warning, for he left no will. The valuation was only £443. 17s. \-2d. 
His father's will, made 28 June, 1675, at the moment of setting off in command of the 
forces in King Phillip's War, begun that week, and so judiciously made, that it was not 
altered in following years, gives £150 to Thomas, son of Habijah, £50 to each of the 
daughters, and £50 to Hannah, the widow, so that she was not married to Gookin, then. 
There is a deficiency in our Records, 1662 to 1689, so that the date of the marriage is lost. — 
Hon. James Savage's MS. note. See also pp. 83 and 328 of Vol. I. of the " Register." 

1848.] The Gookin Family. 173 

red heifer with a white face, also I give to her one brown ambling mare, I 
give to her my second bible, also I give and bequeath forever a piece of 
plate either a cup or tankard to be made new for her, marked -^-, and 
household furniture. 

u To my son Daniel Gookin, I give my silver tankard, my biggest car- 
bine which he hath received already, my death's head gold ring, which I 
wear on my finger, my curtelax [a broad, curving sword, used by soldiers 
in the cavalry] and a silver spoon to my son Daniel, to be delivered to him, 
or in case of his death before me to his wife and son Daniel, three months 
after my death. 

u Unto my son Samuel and his children forever, I give and bequeath the 
dwelling-house, outhouses, and barn yard, gardens and orchards where he 
now dwelleth and all to it belonging with two commons and although I 
changed this house with him for that which I now live in unto which house 
he built an addition and barn. I order that all the writings and deeds 
that I had of Mr. Ed. Collins for the said house and land be delivered to 
my son Samuel, moreover I give unto him my rapier and my buff belt 
with silver buckles, my pistols and holsters my fowling piece and one silver 
wine cup and half of my apparell, and to his three children each of them 
a silver spoon ; 

" Unto my son Nathaniel Gookin, and his heirs my house where I live, 
orchard and gardens thereunto appertaining, with three cow commons and 
what belongs to them, to be possessed and enjoyed by him after my wife's 
decease, but in case my son Nathaniel should die without children and be- 
fore his present wife Hannah, then my will is that the said houses and ap- 
purtenances be for her use during her life and after her decease to be for 
him or them unto whom my son Nathaniel shall dispose of them, provided 
it be to some of his relations by blood — also my silver cup called the 
Erench cup, and the biggest of the two other silver cups, and a silver wine 
cup, — I mention no bed and furniture here, because I gave him that at his 
marriage, also I give my blue couch, unless son Daniel desire it, being suit- 
able to his bed, but if Daniel have it, he must allow Nathaniel full value of 
it, also my smallest carbine and a gold ring which T wear on my finger, 
&c, &c. 

" Unto my daughter Batter I give a silver salt cellar, and another silver 
cup, the lesser of the two, &c, &c. 

" I give to daughter Elizabeth [Eliot, Quincy,] one gold ring and to 
each of her children a silver spoon. I mention no more plate, bedding or 
other things because I gave her such things, at her first marriage, besides I 
have not been wanting to her having helped to breed up her son John 
Elliot for 17 yeares, at my house, and at College. I give to Mr. Hezekiah 

Usher and his wife , my good friends, to each a gold ring; 

to son [Edmund] Quincy a gold ring." All the rest of his Estate to be 
divided into six equal parts of which his " Eldest Son Daniel " had a 
double share. " Unto John P^lliott my grandchild I give one sixth part, 
the reason of this bequest and not to my other grand children, is with 
respect to a benefit received from his grand-father Elliott, which he ordered 
me to give to John, of a greater value than :i sixth part." 

He made his u deare wife Hannah and three BOns Daniel, Samuel and 
Nathaniel," executors. In a " Postscript," he gave to his " wife's son 
Thomas" [Savage] and "wife's two daughters, Hannah Gookin, and 
Mary Savage, a gold ring to each <»f them." "In my account hook 
intitled Ledger, No. L650, \><>-i LI 2, i- expressed an account of my whole 
estate D r> & C r according as I could arrive ;it it." 

174 Early Ipswich Families. [April, 

The will was proved before " the Hon. Joseph Dudley, Esq," on the 31 
March, 1687, by Samuel Andrew, Senior, and Joseph Cooke.* 

In the inventory f of his estate are mentioned 1 negro, £7, "land near 
Concord," " land and meadow at Marlboro." J The whole amounted to 
£323.35. lid. 

[To be Continued.] 


Tb the Editor of the New England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

In the second volume of the " New England Historical and Genea- 
logical Register/' page 50, is a communication from Mr. Luther Wait, 
of Ipswich, written when he was far advanced in the fatal malady 
which soon afterwards terminated his life. In it some inaccuracies 
have escaped him, which would not have happened if more health and 
time had enabled him to give the subject more minute attention. 
This journal will undoubtedly be resorted to as a work of unquestion- 
able authority by the numerous descendants of the first settlers of 
Ipswich, scattered over the United States, when seeking information 
respecting their strong-minded, strong-willed progenitors, It is, there- 
fore, desirable, that as great accuracy as is attainable should be ob- 
served in the publications on this subject. With this view, I ask leave 
to add to the list of names given by Mr. Wait, the following particulars 
which escaped his attention. 

In the first volume of the Ipswich Town Records, page 39, is recorded, 

" The names of such as are Commoners in Ipswich, viz. or that have 
right of Commonage there : the last day of the last month, 1641." 

This list contains the names of one hundred and ten persons ; fifty 
of which are not among the subscribers to Major Denison's allowance, 
in 1648. Some few of them had died, in the seven years that inter- 
vened between the two dates, and others had removed from Ipswich ; 
but, undoubtedly, much the greater number remained, and were free- 
holders at the last-mentioned date. The lower part of the leaf is worn 
off, and probably about ten or twelve names are lost. The names on 
this list, not found on the one communicated by Mr. Wait, are as 
follows : 

" Mr. Symon Bradstreet, Mr. Giles Firman, Mr. Woodmansy, 
Mr. Knight, Mr. Whittingham." This was John Whittingham, who 
died in 1648. He was great-grandson to John Calvin, and the father 
of William Whittingham, whose daughter Martha married the Rev. 
Mr. John Rogers, son of John Rogers, President of Harvard College, 
and a descendant of his namesake, the martyr of Smithfield; and thus 
was inherited, by that branch of the Rogers family, the mingled bloods 
of the great martyr and the great reformer. " Thomas Howlett ; John 
Proctor," a man of property and respectability, father of the unfortu- 

* Suffolk Probate Records, liber. 11, folio 75. 
t Recorded in Suf. Prob. Rec, liber. 9, folio 185. 

| See in Lincoln's Hist, of Worcester, notices of his efficient agency in promoting the 
settlement of that town, and in Shattuck's Hist, of Concord of his labors there. 

1848.] Early Ipswich Families. 175 

nate John Proctor, who was hanged at Salem, in 1692, for witchcraft. 
" Thomas Wells," a gentleman of large property, who died in 1666. 
" Widow Haffield ; Jonathan Wade," who became one of our most 
distinguished citizens, and the progenitor of a numerous and respect- 
able posterity. " Thomas Emerson," father of Joseph and John Em- 
erson, whose names are on the other list, and the ancestor of the cleri- 
cal race of that name, which has extended its influence and usefulness 
from the Atlantic to the Mississippi, and has spread, in a yet broader 
theological latitude, from the author of the " Comprehensive Cate- 
chysm," to the author of " Nature." He died in 1653. " Mr. 
Thomas Firman," who became a wealthy merchant. " William Knowl- 
ton," the head of a highly respectable family of that name, now extinct 
in Ipswich. " Richard Smyth ; John Perkins, Sen." He died in 
1654, and left three sons — John, Jun., who was a commoner in 1641, 
Jacob, and Thomas, all of whom were subscribers to Major Denison's 
allowance, in 1648. This family, once the most numerous of any in 
Ipswich, is now represented by a single individual. " Thomas Clark, 
Sen., Tanner ; Thomas Manning ; Isaac Cumings ; Thomas Boreman ; 
Lionel Chute." He was a schoolmaster, and died in 1645. James 
Chute, of the other list, was his son. "Thomas Perry; William Doug- 
las ; Thomas Dorman ; Joseph Morse ; Richard Petygood ; Widow 
Bird ; Mark Symonds." He died in 1659, and left a house and 
twelve acres of land, " lying in y e common fields on y e north side of y e 
river." " Henry Bachellor," the forefather of a numerous race of 
that name. " Alex. Knight ; Robert Mussey ; John Dane, Sen.," 
whose name spread into the Danes and Deans of this and the neigh- 
bouring states. " Thomas Brown ; Thomas Smyth ; John Cowley ; 
John Satchell ; Simon Stacye." He was probably the father of Sy- 
mon Stacy, who was of considerable influence in church and town 
affairs in the latter part of the seventeenth century. In his will, the 
name is several times written Stacy ; but in that of his wife, who died 
several years after him, it is written Stace ; and it is so spelt on both 
their gravestones. " Allen Perly, Thomas French, Richard Jacob, 
Jeremy Belcher, Richard Lumkin, Katherine Lord, Christopher Os- 
good, Henry Greene, Henry Pynder, Widow French, William Wliite, 
Robert Whitman, Matthew Whipple." 

We also find this record : — " 4 th of 11 th mo. 1646. The names of 
such as promise carting voluntary toward the east Bridge besides the 
rate a day work a piece. Mr. Symonds, Mr. Appleton, Mr. Rogers, 
DeacoD Whipple, Sargeant Jacob, Thomas Bishop, Ensign llowlet, 
G mum Gnffen, Mr. Hubbard, Mr. William Payne, John Andrews, 
Jun.. Samuel Pod, Mr. Wade, Mr. Robert Payne, Daniel Warner, 
Thomas Safibrd, Thomas Stace, Goodman Foster, Edmund Bragg, 
G linan Low, Goodman Adams, Goodman Gittings, Mr. Cogswell, 
Goodman Wiat." 

The name of Edmund Bragg is not on either of the other lists, but 
it appears repeatedly afterwards on our records. Concerning Good- 
man Griffin, there if a curious record, in these words : " 1639. The 
Town doth refuse to receive Humphry Griffin as an inhabitant to pro- 
vide for him as inhabitants formerly received, the Town being full." 

176 Early Ipswich Families. [April, 

It was not from any dread of an excessive population that the request 
was refused, but because the town did not deem it necessary to grant, 
gratuitously, land and the rights of commonage to any more settlers. 
Griffin, however, became a commoner by purchase. In 1641, he 
bought of Daniel Denison, a house and lot of about two acres, which 
was granted to Denison in 1635. The house stood near where the 
railroad station now is. Griffin appears to have been a man of consid- 
erable property and influence, although not of sufficient rank to entitle 
him to the addition of Mr. Here is another record, which I cannot 
explain : " 28 th of the last mo: 1644. It was voted by the Town that 
Captain Denison, Simon Tomson, and John Webster, shall be recorded 
for Commoners. ,, Lands were granted to Denison as early as 1635, 
with a " house lot of about two acres which he hath paled in and built 
an house upon." And in 1643, there was granted to him two hundred 
acres of land, " for his better encouragement to settle among us." 
Why these grants did not carry with them the rights of commonage, I 
do not understand. 

The " Goodman Foster," above named, is Reginald Foster, whose 
name is abbreviated to Renald, on Mr. Wait's list. A genealogical 
account of one branch of his family is given in this Register, Vol. I., 
p. 352. He lived near the " east Bridge," which was where the stone 
bridge now is ; but whether his residence was where the remains of the 
u old Foster house " yet stand, I have not ascertained. We find re- 
corded, under the date " April 6. 1641," — "Granted to Reginald 
Foster eight acres of meadow in the west meadow if any remain there 
ungranted in consideration of a little hovel that stood at the new Bridge 
which was taken away for the accommodating of the passage there." 

u John Layto," of Mr. Wait's list, is John Layton ; " Humphry 
Gilbert," should be Humphry Griffin, and " Mr. Epps," is Daniel 
Epes, who married Elizabeth, daughter of the Hon. Samuel Symonds, 
and from whom several honorable families in our Commonwealth trace 
their descent. Mr. Epes and his sons, Daniel and Symonds, so far as 
I have seen, always spelled their name with a single p, and it is thus 
spelt on the gravestones of him and his wife. Others have given it all 
the varieties in orthography which so short a syllable is capable of re- 
ceiving. Our forefathers were exceedingly careless* in this respect. 
Especially so in writing proper names. A most remarkable example 
of this I met with in a receipt, recorded in the Probate Office of the 
county ; where, in four lines, are six varieties in the spelling of the 
two names of the signers. It is in these words and letters : 

" We y e sons of y e Dec d Mechack Farly have recv d of our uncle 
Michall Farley as our Guardian our portion in full according to settle- 

" Meshack Farley, 
" Michael Farly. 

"March 14,1712." 

* When the orthography of the English language was unsettled throughout, it is not 
strange that proper names should be variable also ; but it will always strike us as singular 
that a man should write his own name three or four ways at the same time. — Ed. 

1848.] Historical Sketches of Belchertown, Ms. 177 

In addition to the foregoing I find " William Symonds," an inhabi- 
tant of Ipswich as early as 1635. He possessed a house and land at 
the upper end of high street, near the burying-ground, and kept the 
cattle of the inhabitants many years in the common fields on the north 
side of the river. He was illiterate, and not impossibly had been a 
sailor. His signature, which frequently occurs on our records to con- 
tracts as herdsman, is a rude figure of an anchor. It is made with a 
considerable degree of uniformity, and might be sworn to with as much 
confidence as to most people's handwriting. 

" John Payne" signs a grant of land dated " December 9, 1645," 
as one of a committee, with Richard Saltonstall, Daniel Denison, Sam- 
uel Appleton, Richard Jacob and Robert Lord, " appointed by the com- 
moners for that purpose." He must have been a man of consequence. 

" Robert Botham," had a house lot fronting on the " Meeting-house 
Green," in 1652. 

Doubtless several more names might be discovered by a careful in- 
spection of our records ; yet it is probable the foregoing, together with 
the list communicated by Mr. Wait, comprise nearly all the inhabitants 
of Ipswich who possessed landed property, about the middle of the sev- 
enteenth century. A Subscriber. 

Ipswich, Jan. 12, 1848. 


Belchertown, August 4, 1847. 
To the Publisher of the Genealogical Register and Antiquarian Journal. 

Dear Sir, — 

Having for many years been gathering up, in a limited way, histori- 
cal facts of antique things, I send you a sketch of the early history of 
this town ; its first permanent settlement, tvhen, and ivhence the settlers, 
&C, <fec, imagining it might be in accordance with the design of the 
Historical and Genealogical Register. I annex a statement of the 
ratio of deaths in a given period, as it may be useful by way of compar- 
ison with other places, if for nothing else. What I send you has never 
been given the public from the press. Barber's Sketches of MassacltUr 
tetts, under the title " Belcher town ," alludes to some of them very con- 

Very respectfully yours, &c, 

Mark Doolittle. 

The territory now Belcherstown lies in the easterly part of the coun- 
ty of Hampshire, and embraces a tract equal to an oblong of twelve 
miles by five, though not a regular oblong of equal opposite sides. It 
is fifteen mil<-s from Northampton, and eighty from Boston. It- origi- 
nal name v. Cold Spring* The first permanent settlement on this 
territory was made in 'July, 1731. Jonathan Belcher, then govern- 
or of Massachusetts, was a large proprietor in the township, tie with 

178 Historical Sketches of Belchertown, Ms, [April, 

several other persons, living in and near Boston, had purchased these 
lands of the State of Connecticut, in 1727. 

Connecticut, by a grant from Massachusetts, had exercised a juris- 
diction over the territory as an equivalent for the jurisdiction which 
Massachusetts exercised over some of the border towns in the limits of 
Connecticut ; this jurisdiction was continued till the transfer to these 
proprietors. Soon after this purchase, Governor Belcher proposed to 
several persons in Northampton that he would give them each five hun- 
dred acres of land in the township, at their own selection, if they would 
make permanent settlements on the ground. Deacon Aaron Lyman, 
Benjamin Stebbins and Samuel Bascom, embraced the offer, came on 
to the territory with their families, made their selections and settled 
upon them. Bascom remained here about thirteen years, Lyman and 
Stebbins remained through life, and raised families ; some parts of this 
grant to Stebbins remain now (1847) in the hands of his descendants. 
Aaron Lyman was a son of Benjamin Lyman of Northampton, who was 
a son of John Lyman, one of the first settlers in Northampton, and 
from whom those in this vicinity by the name of Lyman have descend- 
ed. Josiah Lyman, a son of Aaron, was the first male child bom in 
the town that lived to adult years. He was born March 9, 1736. 
Stebbins is supposed to be a descendant of Thomas Stebbins, one of the 
early settlers in Springfield. Some families from Hatfield, Cowles and 
Bardwell by name, soon followed the above as settlers here. The early 
settlement here was slow. No local record remains showing when the 
settlers began to act in their associated capacity for civil or ecclesiasti- 
cal purposes. These records go back to 1739. The first to be found 
relate to the settlement of a minister. In the State archives as early 
as 1737, are found petitions from the people in precinct meetings, "to 
the great and general court," for leave to tax the lands to build a meet- 
ing house. Leave was granted, and the people, by special resolve, 
authorized to levy a tax. All the meetings for precinct purposes, when 
acts were done legally obligatory, were by special resolve till March 
28, 1740 ; when an order was passed by the great and general court au- 
thorizing meetings under forms prescribed in the order for the people 
in future, they were authorized to choose assessors and collectors of tax- 
es and other precinct officers, but not selectmen ; this was a town cor- 
porate right. No records are to be found of the time when the first 
church was here organized, but from tradition and circumstantial evi- 
dence it is quite certain that it was in the year 1737. The Rev. Ed- 
ward Billing, the first minister, was settled here in April, 1739. 
Then there were twenty families within the township ; they were from 
Northampton and Hatfield. Their names, Smith, Dwight, Lyman, 
Hunnum, Graves, Bridgman, Billings, Bascom, Crowfoot, Bardwell, 
Cowles, Phelps, Brown, Warner, and Root. The first meeting house 
was raised in 1738, and roughly finished in 1746. Mr. Billing was a 
native of Sunderland, (then a part of Hadley,) a graduate of Harvard 
College in 1731, settled here in the ministry, 1739, remained in it till 
April, 1752, dismissed by reason of a difference in opinion between him 
and a majority of the church as to the qualifications for church mem- 

1848.] Historical Sketches of Belchertoicn, Jls. 179 

bersbip ; Mr. Billing having embraced the opinions of President Ed- 
wards, and the church the opinions of the Rev. Solomon Stoddard of 
Northampton, on this subject. (The difference in opinion of these dis- 
tinguished divines is well known to the christian public.) Mr. Billing 
went from this place to Greenfield ; was there installed the first pastor 
of that church. lie remained there till his death, about four years af- 
ter his installation. The church and society here remained destitute of 
a settled ministry till Feb. 25, 1756, when the Rev. Justus Forward 
was settled over them in the ministry. 

Mr. Forward was a native of Suffield, Connecticut, born May 11, 
1730, 0. S. His great-grandfather, Samuel Forward, was from De- 
vonshire, England, came to New England about the year 1666, and 
settled at Windsor, (not then incorporated,) where he died, leaving 
two sons, Samuel and Joseph ; Samuel went to Salisbury and resided, 
where he brought up a family. One son was Joseph, the father of 
Justus. (Abel Forward, who was settled in the ministry in South- 
wick, in 1773, was a cousin of Justus.) Mr. Forward continued the 
minister of this people more than 58 years. He died March 8, 1814, 
in the 84th year of his age.* The population of the town at the time 
of his settlement, (1756,) was 300. The increase was very slow, but 
gradual Mr. Forward continued to preach till 1812. The population 
then was 2400. During this period of 5b* years there had been 798 
deaths in the place. Of these, 175 were under 1 year of age, 207 
between 1 and 10 years, 79 between 10 and 20, 77 between 20 and 
30, 64 between 30 and 40, 30 between 40 and 50, 47 between 50 and 
60, 57 between 60 and 70, 55 between 70 and 80, 43 between 80 and 
90, 9 between 90 and 100, and 2 over 100 years of age. Of these 
deaths, twenty died in the Revolutionary war. The prevalent disease 
at times, during the period, has been consumption. Between the years 
1782 and 1790, 50 died of that disease. A little before that period 
the canker-rash had been prevalent and mortal among children. Fe- 
'■■r.< and Dysentery have at particular times prevailed, but as to the 
general state of the population, it has been healthful. The town was 
incorporated in March, 1761, by the name of Belcher stown. 

[Dr. Morse, in his American Gazetteer of 1798, speaks of "Belcher, 
a township in Hampshire county, containing 1485 inhabitants, 12 miles 
E. of Hadley, and 85 W. of Boston." Dr. Spofford, in his Gazetteer 
of Massachusetts, L828, gives its boundaries thus: "It is bounded W. 
bj Granny and Amherst, X. by Pelham, E. by Enfield and Ware, S. 
by Palmer and Ludlow. It is separated from Palmer and AVare by 
►Swift river, a principal branch of the Chickopee. A turnpike road 
lead- from thifl town to Greenwich. The lands here are pleasant and 
lom what elevated, but the hills are of an easy declivity. The Boil is 

i with gravel, with a sufficiency of stones for useful purpo 
There is a Tillage uear the meeting house, and plantations in other 
parts of the town. There is a Congregational society, of which the 
Rev. Lyman Caiman is minister, and ■ Baptist society vacant." 

* T: en It > monument to hi> memory in the bnrying-ground, the inscription on which 
Mr. Haywood hai copied in hii Gazetteer ofliateachnietti. — Ed. 

180 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [April, 

Mr. Haywood, in his Gazetteer of Massachusetts, 1847, (the most 
valuable work of the kind that has jet appeared,) says, " Large quan- 
tities of wool are grown in this town. The principal manufacture is that 
of pleasure wagons, of which about 600 are annually made."] 


[Continued from p. 105, of this volume.] 

Abraham Shawe. 

The last will & Testament of Abraham Shawe deceased. 

Memorandum that if it please Almyghtye God to take me to his mercye 
by death. That it is my minde & will that my estate shal be disposed 
of as followeth (that is to say) I bequeathe to my sonne John, & Martha 
Shawe, beinge infants ten pownds betweene them, also betvveene the 
aforesd Martha & Marye I leave as much quicke goods as shal be bal- 
ance to eight pownds, also to Joseph in some goods twelve pownds as 
may be thought fitt : furder, that Joseph & John shall have my lott att 
Dedham equally to be devided between them. Also that all the rest of 
my estate whatsoever be devided, proportionate, betwene all my cliil- 


Nicolas Biramf 
Joseph Shawe. 

These psons were ordered to make an Inventorye of the estate by the 
helpe & advice of Mr. Edward Allen. 

John Masters. 

19: 10 mo - 1639. 

This is the minde & will of me John Masters. { 
Item I give to my wife all my estate for the terme of her life & after hir 

decease I will & bequeathe vnto my Daughter Sarah Dobyson ten 

Item to my daughter Lidya Tabor ten pownds, 
Item to my Grand child John Lockwood ten pownds, 

* There is no date at all about this will as it stands on the book. It follows next in 
order to that we have given date, p. 105. The inventory of his estate is recorded in book 
II., and dated 1638, as returned by "Edward Allen, Jo : Kingsberye, Jo: Howard and 
some others." 

t Byram in Farmer's Register, where we find "Nicholas, Waymouth, 1638, removed 
to Bridgewater; d. 1687, leaving one son, Nicholas. Rev. Eliab, H. C. 1740, probably 
a descendant, was minister of Hopewell, N. J." There is a representative, probably of this 
family, in Lowell at this time. Judge Mitchell has near three closely printed pages of 
families of the name in his History of Bridgewater, and the Shaws as much more. 

| Masters, John, Watertown, freeman 1631, a proprietor of and perhaps resident at 
Cambridge. He died 21 Dec, 1639, and his wife died five days after him. Farmer. — In 
June, 1631, the court ordered that "Mr. John Maistcrs having undertaken to make a Pas- 
sage from Charles River to the new Town, 12 feet broad, and 7 deep, the court promises 
him Satisfaction." Prince, ii. 30. There was a Nathaniel, Beverly, 1659, according to 
Farmer, but whether the one named in the will is not known. Several persons of the name 
of Masters have graduated at the different colleges in New England and New York. 

1848.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 181 

It to Nathaniel] Masters ten pownds to Abraham Masters ten shillings, 
Also my minde & will is that the ten pownds I give to John Lockwood, 
& the ten pownds I give to Nathan iell Masters shal be layde out vpon 
somethinge that may turne to the encrease of theire portions U'urther- 
more my will is that these leagacyes shal be well & truly discharged 
wthin six monthes after my wives decease, these & all other my debt 
beinge discharged I give ail the remainder of my estate vnto my daugh- 
ter Elizabeth Latham. 

June 26: 1638. 
Joseph IIarvie. 

Memorandum that Joseph IIarvie husbandman of Gamscolne* in Essex 
deceased bequeathed all such goods & chatties w ch were then his should 
be sold to best improvement, & the proceed to be dd: to Joseph Isaack of 
Cambridge in New England It was Newtowne & to Will Beellaze a 
p;i<singer in the sayde shipp wherin he dyed soe the sayd monye is to be 
improved or lent as they shall in Judgment see fitt for the benifitt of 
some pore Christians in these plantations, & the capitall stocke to be re- 
turned at 2 years end & payde to his brother John Harvie of "Wether- 
field in owld England or to his lawfull Attorney only five pownds w ch he 
bequeaths that his sayde brother John IIarvie Shall pay vnto his sister 
one Groodw Burke y l lives in owld England, & that these were his ex- 
pressions for the bequeathinge of his estate is witnessed by these names 
here underwritten, whom he called to be as witnesses of the same, f 

Will Bullard deposed y l 

this was y e true will of 

Joseph IIarvie : & his desire 

was y 1 should take the whole 

bu-iness upon him. 

Roger IIarlackendi:n. 

[p. 13.] In the name of God Amen I Roger Ilarlackenden \ late of 
Erlescolne§ in the Countye of Essex in the Realme of England gent 

* The several villages, says Pugdale, distinguished by the name of Colne, in the Hun- 
dred of Lexdcn, evidently derive their appellative from the river Colne. But the student 
may search in vain in the topographical dictionaries to find the locality of that in the text. 
It is our opinion that Engaine Colne is meant; if so, it is now written Colne Engaine 
and sometimes called Little-Colne. 

+ •■ The inventory of the goods and chatties of Joseph Ilarvye w ch were prised by John 
Bridge of Cambridge and John Permitor then of Watcrtown." 

t In the will of Sir John FoggO, Knt., of Ashettisford, dated 4 Nov., 15.33, he appoints 

• Thomnx Hnrlakynrten" one of his executors, and " Edward Lee, archbishop of York, - ' 

•• ancient Aaihetsford (now Aflhfofd in Kent) took its name from tin- family 

•-ford or AshettisforcL It is ahout 3-t miles from London. The family of 

I I there in the time of Henry I V.. though it came into Kent in the reign of 

II I - Lancashire. Sir Francis Fogge, Knt, acquired the manor of Kepton, by 
his marriage with a co-heiress of tin; Valoigns. Sir John Eogge founded a colli 

L490. Thifl was the father of Sir John, Bret named. This family 

of high landing and much consequence lor many ages, but it is entirely extinct at 

Ashford, and perhaps in the county. It may he a hrancfi of this family that now flourishes] 
in M nd- Then was a Ralph Fogg at Salem in 10.34, who, Mr. Felt tells D 

turned to England. 

N the birthplace of Thomas Lord Audley. chancellor of England in the n 

of Henry VIII., (1488.) In the church here arc carved the arms of John Da \ r ere, the 
sixteenth carl. — Dugdale. 

182 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills, [April, 

now of Newtowne in the Mattachusetts Bay in America doe make & or- 
deyne this my last will & Testament in maner & forme folowinge. I 
give & bequeath all that my lands & tenements w" 1 the appurtenances 
commonly called Colne Parke or the little lodge now in the tenure of 
March Thomas Hales and the widdowe Waford together w th one 
pcell of meadowe called Hunwickes medowe lyinge in Erlescolne or 
elsewhere in the Countye of Essex into the hands of Godfrey Bosveile 
Richard Harlakenden Henerye Darbey Nathaniell Bacon Esqes to such 
uses as are hereafter limited & expressed, My Will & meaninge is that 
m ysayd ffeoffees aforenamed shall have full power & Awthoritye to 
make sale of my aforesaid lands if they shall thinke fitt for the better 
performance of this my will I give & bequeath all that my land w th the 
appurtenances abovesaid to my eldest sonne & his heires for ever if I 
shall have such issue by Elizabeth my now wife lawfully begotten of my 
bodye comminge (in case my lands beforesaid be not sowld) Provided 
all wayes that my sayd sonne pay yearlye at Michaeltide and our Ladye 
dayes, or one fortnight after to Elizabeth my wife fortye pownds p anum 
duringe the time of hir naturall life at twentye pownds the halfe yeare, 
to begyn at the first of the sayd dayes w ch shall happen next after my 
decease, & for to continue duringe the terme, And if it shall happen that 
the said rent in part or in whole, shal be behind & unpayd, at the dayes 
menconed then it shal be lawfull for my wife to distreine or to enter 
vpon the land while such moneys be payed, ffurther my mind & will is 
that my sayd sonne shall pay to my daughter, Elizabeth (if she be then 
living) the some of three hundred pownds of lawfull mony to be payd 
w th in six monthes after my decease, for the performance, thereof I bind 
my said lands &c. neverthelesse in case my land be sowld, then my will 
is that the raonye w ch shal be received for the same, shal be destributed 
accordinge to the uses formerly expressed Morovver my will is if I have 
noe issue male lawfully begotten then I give to my Daughter Elizabeth 
all that my land abouesaid performinge the conditions before menconed. 
{furthermore, if I shall have another daughter then I give to the said 
daughter five hundred pownds of lawfull moneye of England, to be payde 
by my daughter Elizabeth unto hir one yeare after my decease for the 
true performance thereof I bind my sayd lands, but in case she should 
dye before the monye is due, then my daughter Elizabeth shall not be 
bound to pay the same. I give to Elizabeth my wife all that my howse 
& lands latlye purchased of Thomas Dudlye Esq r in Newtowne in the 
Massachusetts Baye in America or elsewhere w th my farme to hir & hir 
heires forever. And also I give my saide wife fortye pownds per Ann to 
be payd as aforesaide out of my lands. In like manner I give to my 
wife the one halfe of all my goods and chatties & all my lands about the 
Towne w th the interest in all the commons. Also I give to my naturall 
sisters now livinge to the children of my Sister Nevile each of my sisters 
livinge five pownds and five pownds to my sister Neviles children I give 
to Mr. Shephard our Pastor fortye pownds and to our Elders that w ch is 
in theire hands, and to the pore brethren of o r Congregation twentye 
pownds to be ordred by Mf Shephard, to the librarye ten pownds & all 
my books w ch are not usefull for my wife. Also I give to my Cosin Sa- 
rah five pownds to be payd w^in one yeare after my decease. Also I 
give to John Bridge 5 : 10 to Anna my mayde servant fortye shillings to 
Mary my mayd thirtye shillings, to Gowldinge & Thomas Prentise thir- 
tye shillings each of them. All other my lands & goods unbequeathed I 

1848.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 183 

give to my Executors towards the payment of my debts & legacyes & if 
it shall not be sufficient to pay my sayd debts then I binde my said land 
in Essex for the true performance thereof & I doe constitute, & ordeine 
my brother Richard Ilarlakenden Esq 1- & my brother John Ilaynes Ex- 
ecutors of this my last will & Testament. And I doe further constitute 
my welbeloved wife & John Bridge to be Executors of this my last will 
& Testament equally to be joyned w th them. 
Witnesse Roger Harlakenden 

John Ilaynes A Scale 

Thomas Shepheard 

John Moore 

Peter Branch. 

The last will & Testament of Peter Branch late of Holden in Kent in owld 
England Carpenter, beinge sicke in bodye but of good & perfect sence & 
memorye comitt vnto Thomas Wiburne, late of Tenterden in Kent my 
Sonne John Branch to provide for and oversee him for eleven yeares 
from henceforth dated the 16th daye of June, 1638 — and my whole es- 
tate to be kept by s d Thomas "Wiborne who shall pay all my debts out of 
s d estate. If my s d sonne dye before y e end of s d time then the saide 
Wiborne shall give to Widowe Igleden the late wife of Stephen Igleden 
or to his children or to her children she had by him five pownds. Item, 
I give to Thomas Wiborne for the keepinge of my son eight pownds. If 
my sonne John dye before eleven yeares whatremayne in y e hands of said 
Wiborne to go to the pore of those three congregations, of Concord, of 
Sirtuate, & to that congregation wieh a company that goes in the Shipp 
called the Castle, if there be a company of them, if not then to be devided 
[among] the aforesd two congregations. My son John Sole Executor 
& Thomas Wiborne my feafeere to whom I comit the over sight of my 

William Ballard. 

Nicholas Browne & Gerarard Spencer sworne affirmeth that being w th Mr. 
Willm Ballard of Linn a day or two before his death, & perswadinge him 
to make his will [defaced] S' 1 Mr. Ballard towld him he intended to do it 
the next day but [zone] dyed before he could put it in wrightinge, he 
would have his [wife Sarah?] half his estate, and the other half to be 
devided amongst his children, the said William Ballard beinge then of 
pfect minde. 

taken upon oath 1 : of the 1 month 

Simon Broadstref 
Increaee Nowell. 

Anne Vttin'.i:. 
Anne Vttinge of Dedham singlewoman did give & bequeathe hir goods in 

maner & tonne gfl followeth viz : [no date.] 

* In the inventory of hi- efforts it is stated that this testator died on hoard the ihh) Cas- 
tle. The above is an abridgment, bol in all our attracts or abridgment! no MUM, ilnte, or 
farts will he omitted, and \vh< n an abridgment is made it will be DOl 

184 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [April, 

1. To George Berbor* of Declham singleman one feather bed one 
feather boulster one p of sheets one blankett one Coverlett. 

2. To Anna Phillips the wife of Henerye Phillips of Dedham one 
Bible one table cloath two table napkins one p of sheets one pillowe one 

3. To John Brocke singleman one p sheets one handchircheife. 

4. To Elizabeth Brock singlewoman one stuffe Coate. 

5. To Elizabeth Brock the wife of Henrey Brock one twentye shil- 
lings wch she is to receive of Joseph Clerck of Dedham. 

6. Such things as were owinge from divers psons she forgave them. 
7. The rest of hir goods not disposed of she gave them to Elizabeth 
Brock the wife of Henery Brock of Dedham. 

Witnesses in Cort 

Anne Phillips to the whole will in all the pticulars. 
John Brocke to all except the 2 : 3 : & 4th. 

Joseph Miriam. 

The 29th the 10th month in the yeare of o r Lord 1640. 

The last will & Testament of Joseph miriam of Concord. 
I Joseph Miriamf of Concord being weake in bodie, but blessed be God of 
good memory and sense inwardly do comit my soule to God in Jesus 
Christ & my body to the earth from whence it came. 

Item. To wife Sarah all my whole estate towards & for the bring vp 
of al my children. Power to her to sell my house I now live in, it beinge 
larger and bigger than she shall stand in need of. The overplus of pro- 
viding a lesse house shal be disposed in some way for the good and ben- 
efit of my wife & children. Wife to bring up all the children till they 
are one & twenty the sonnes : & the daughters either at that time or at 
the day of marriage. When my oldest child shall be one & twenty, the 
estate to be prised & wife Sarah to have one third. If she marries to 
have one third. 

Wife whole executor & wth her my welbeloved brethren Mr. Thomas 
fflint Simon Willard Robert Miriam put in trust. 

Testified vpon oath to be the last will of Joseph Miriam 26: 8. 1642, 
by George ffowle .{ 

Capt cop nobis 
die et anno superadicto 
Rich: Bellingham 
Increase Nowell 

* Farmer's article (in his Gen. Reg.) on Barber is as follows: 

"Edward, Dorchester, d. 9 June, 1677, a. 80. George, Dedham, 1643, memb. Art. 
Co., 1646 ; rep. 1668, 1669, and 1682, of Medfield, in which place he was principal milita- 
ry officer. John, Salem, 1637, church memb. 3 Apl., 1646, styled carpenter. John, Med- 
field, rep. 1677. RicnARD, Dedham, freeman, 1640, d. 18 June, 1644. This name is 
written Barbore. William, Marblchcad, 1648." 

Zechariah Barber of Medfield was probably a son of John of that place. On the records 
of that town, " 1684 Zac. Barber was hired to beat the drum on sabbath days for half the 
year." This beating drums on a Sunday is explained in the present volume, p. 69. 

t In the History of Concord by Lemuel Shattuck, Esq., will be found an account of the 
family of Meriam, also in Farmer's Register. Descendants are scattered over many towns. 
See Ward's Shrewsbury and Barry's Framingham. 

J Date of Inventory 18 Jan., 1640. Apprizers, Thomas Flint, Lyman Willard, Robert 
Miriam, Tho. Brooke. 

1848.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 185 

That this will of Joseph Miriams is his owne will & freely consented 
to he being reasonable apprehensive of the same we whose names are un- 
derwritten do testifie this 

Simon Willard 
George ffowle 
This note was taken vppon oath the 26 of the 7th month 1642. 

Thomas fflint. 
This was deposed by Lieftenant Willard 29: 7: 1642 before me. 

Increase Nowell. 

Thomas Bagnly. 

Testimonies given concerning y e will of Tho: Bagnly late of Concord de- 
ceased.* [13(8) 1643 in margin.] 

John Smedly of the same husbandman swore that the s d Thos: said 
about 3 or 4 days before his death that he meant to leave all he had to 
tfrancis Barker his partner. 

James Taylor of the same, carpenter swore that about 3 weekes after 
michlemas last he heard the s d Bagnly say the same. 
Taken vppon oath 28 (2) 1643. 

Before John Winthrop Governor 
Thomas fflint 

John Bradley. 

The last [will] & Testament of John Bradley of Salem deceased the 4 mo. 
1642 as he related to vs witnesses was of pft memory. 

Vrsly Greenoway deposed saith that John Bradley of Salem deceased, 
being asked in the time of his sickness what was his will, & persuaded to 
make a will, did ask why he should mak his will, he had no body to give 
his estate but his wife, only some of his clothes & tooles he gave to his 
brother in lawe William Allen. 
29 (5) 1642 

Testified before the Governor & court 
Increase Nowell Secretary. 

Thomas Blogget. 

Cambridge in America. 

[24 (5) 1643 in Margin.] 

I Thomas Bloggetf being at this time in my right mind, give to wife Su- 
san my whole estate after my decease, as well within doors as without. 

* Thomas Bagnlcy died 18 March, 1G43. — Shattuck's Concord. 

t Daniki., Chelmsford, 1654, freeman 1652. This name was anciently written Btog- 
luad, [we I. Mother's Ind. Wars\ and was so pronounced within 30 years. Tiiomah, 
Cambridge, freeman 1630. Five of the name have graduated at Dart., Mid. and Vt. Col- 
leges. — Farmer's Uenealogiral Register. 

The individual referred to hy M:ithcr, Brief Hist., 35, is Ruth Bloghcad, who was a wit- 
in a case, not meet now to he mentioned, with many others of Wohurn. Jt may be 
proper to state, however, that it had nothing to do with the Indiu: 

We do not recollect to have seen the name in English authors, hut those hearing it are 
somewhat numerous in New England. There were none in the early directories of Now 


186 Incidents on Board the Mayflower. [April, 

She to bring vp my children in such learning & other things as is meete 
for them, & pay oldest son Daniel £15 when one & twenty or in one 
month after her decease. To my 2 d son Samuel £15, as above. To 
daughter Susanna £15. Should they have a father-in-law who does not 
treat them well my will is that the Deacons & our brother ffessington & 
our brother Edward Winchship, they or either of them should have pow- 
er to see unto it & reforme it by one meanes or other. Written this 10th 
day of the 6th month 1641* 

In presence of us Hereunto I set my hand 

Tho: Harris Thomas Blogget 

John Menaf 
Deposed by Tho: Harris & John Mena the 8 (5) 1642 before 

Increase Nowell Sec. 

Correction. — On a recurrence to the original, we are satisfied that Richard Eles, on p. 102, ante, 
should be Richard lies. 


16 20. 

Upon him w T ho, at this distant day, shall be able to add a single sen- 
tence containing a single fact or occurrence which transpired during 
the voyage of the Pilgrims to Plymouth, to the meagre accounts so 
long and so well known to every reader, we look with surprise. And 
if toe look upon his announcement with surprise, we doubt not some will 
look upon it almost with feelings of incredulous distrust. But for- 
tunately in this case we are able to dispel all doubt concerning the 
authenticity of the facts we are about to give — new facts as they must 
be to our readers — about the voyage of the Mayflower. 

The history of the discovery of the new facts by our correspondent, 
is briefly as follows. At the sale of the library of the late Hon. John 
Davis of Boston, at auction, Mil. Charles Deane, of this city, (who is 
very curious in all matters relating to the beginnings of New England,) 
became the purchaser of a MS., or rather the fragment of a MS., as he 
terms it, in the handwriting of Rev. Thomas Prince, the well known 
and justly renowned chronicler of the early events in the history of 
New England. This MS. proved to be what Mr. Deane has described 
it in his note following. Of their authenticity there cannot be a shadow 
of doubt. We have seen the original, which is in Prince's own hand- 
writing, so well known to hundreds about us. 

Besides the importance of the facts discovered, this little document 
may be a lesson to writers of history. It may admonish them of the 

York, but in the first Boston directory, (1789.) there were " Blodget 6/ Gilman, store-keep- 
ers, No. 53 State street." They arc believed to be numerous in Rhode Island. Major 
William Blodget of the Revolutionary army, married Anne Phillis, daughter of Capt. John 
Chase of Newport. Maj. Blodget was the father of Col. Wm. Blodget of Rhode Island, 
now living. See Updike's Narragansct Church, 109. 

* Inventory dated 28 (10) [25 (5) 1G43 in margin] apprised by Gregory Stone, Nathan- 
iel Sparhawk, Edward Winship and John ffessington. [Same since Fessenden, no doubt.] 

t Perhaps since Meane or Means. Farmer has "John Meaxe. Cambridge, buried 19 
March, 1G46. Wife Jinn, and several children. John, his son, d. Oct. 1640." The name 
of Means occurs in our first volume, p. 330, but that family was a recent emigration. The 
name Mein is also of recent importation. See Thomas' Hist. Printing. 

1848.] Incidents on Board the Mayflower, 187 

necessity of using great care in making extracts from sources whence 
they draw their information, It has been said by a very popular 
writer, that the Mayflower arrived at Plymouth with the loss of one 
His authority is Prince — but Prince does not say that — yet 
what he does say. in the absence of all other authority, might seem to 
warrant the conclusion that but one person died during the voyage. 
The words of Prince are that but one intsscn'jer died during the voyage. 

It admonishes as, too, of our liability to be mistaken, if we take any 
copy of a document for the original, or for an exact copy. It shows us 
that, after all that has been said and done, the original MS. history of 
Gov. Bradford is still a desideratum. 

Notwithstanding this MS. of Prince had probably laid in the library 
of Judge Davis thirty or more years, it was probably never read by 
him. The handwriting of Prince, to old eyes, is very forbidding — 
though very beautiful, and of the most regular character, yet very fine, 
llil the part of it now communicated met the eye of the judge, he 
would have appreciated it, and regretted that he had not found it in 
time to have inserted it in his elaborate edition of Morton's Memorial. 

To the Publisher of the New Eng. Historical and Genealogical Register. 

LB Sru, 
Tin; following are extracts from a MS. of Prince's Annals, in his own 
handwriting, a fragment of which I have in my possession. Prince has 
drawn his pen once diagonally across the passages, and did not incorporate 
them into his work. They arc, as will he seen by the initial, quotations 
from Bradford's MS. History, (now lost,) which he (Prince) used in com- 
piling hi- Annals. 

These incidents are interesting as occurring on board the Mayflower 

during het first voyage to New England, and are worthy of preservation ; 

and as no record of them i< to he found in those writers who made nse of 

Bradford's MS., it is quite certain that this brief portion of the latter is now 

:1k; first time printed. 

From ;i passage in Prince, p. 72, quoting Bradford, it has been supposed 

that William Button was the only person who died on the voyage ; but the 

statement i< that he was the only "passenger who dies on tin; voyage.'' In 

.MS. alluded to, this event last named is recorded on the same page 

witii the extracts below. I). 

-In a mighty storm, John Howland * a Passenger a stout young man," 
by a keel of y" ship was thrown into y c sea. But it pleased God, He 
caught hold of %' Topsail Halliards w c hung overboard and run out y r 
ii : yet He kept his hold, tho several Fathoms under water, till He 

■s of age at the time of his arrival in the Mayflower, in 

nging to Carver*! family, whose daughter Elizabeth lie 

roarri tant in the L r, >vern,iie!it in 1633, and for Bome yean after. 

72, (Fan I rhaps it vras 1672 Kingston, Masa^ :»t the 

•1 with • ption of John Alden, who outlived him 

of that little band who freighted tin- Mayflower. 1020. 
■ ! I.I Ligtorical Society ndanl <>t 

the fifth ■■ See Yon I if the Pilgrims, pp. i •'•. 160, Thatcher's 

Plyrn M Memorial (Di i ed.) p. i 1 - Bial irical and < m 

Vol I ".1 52. 


Records of Boston. 


drawn up by y e same Rope to y e surface, & by a Boat Hook & oth r means 
got into y° ship : & tho somew* ill upon it, liv'd many years & became a 
usefull member both in Church & Comon wealth. (B.) 

u j n ye y y a g e yy no t e ^g Special Providence — A profane & proud 
young seaman, stout & able of Body, w c made Him y e more haughty, 
wou'd be allays despising y° poor ppl in y r sea sicknesses, & daily cursing 
y m w th g rev j ous Execrations, telling y m He hop'd to help to cast Half of 
y m overboard before y y came to y r journey's End & to make merry w th w* 
y y had : & w n He was by any gently reproved, he wou'd curse & sware 
most bitterly. But it pleased God before y y came half seas over, to smite 
Him w" 1 a grevious Disease, of w c He died in a desparate manner, & was 
Himself y e 1 st thrown overboard, to y e astonishment of all his Fellows. (B.)" 


Continued from page 80. 

[The few italicized lines in the following records denote that they stand in the original 
as interlineations, and in a more recent hand. And though a part of the original record, 
were not received in season for insertion in their regular course.] 

Lidia ffloud daughte 1- of Richard ffloud & Lidia his wife ffloud. 

borne 1643. 

Elisabeth daughter of Thomas ffowle & Margaret his wife ffoivle. 

borne 14° (1°) 1639. 

John sonne of Thomas ffowle & Margaret his wife borne 
1° (5°) 1641. 

Margaret daughter of Thomas ffowle & Margaret his wife 
borne 13° (2°) 1643. 

Elisabeth daught r of W m ffrancklin & Alice his wife was 
borne 3° (8°) 1638. 

[blank in the original, evidently left to avoid interlineations.] 

Elisabeth daughter of Strong ffurnell & Elleno r his wife 
borne 7° (3°) 1643. 

John Garret son of Robt Garret & Mary his wife was 
borne the 2° of the 4° month 1643. 

Jerusha Gibbons daughte r of Edward Gibbons & Marga- 
ret his wife was borne 5° (8°) 1631. 

Jotham the sonne of Edward Gibbons & Margaret his 
wife was borne 6° (8°) 1633. 

John the sonne of Edward Gibbons & Margaret his wife 
was borne 30° (1°) 1641. 

John Gill the sonne of Arthur Gill & Agnes his wife was Gill. 

borne the 16° (9°) 1639. 

Zachary the sonne of Benjamin Gillom & Anne his wife Gillom. 

was borne 30° (7°) 1636. 

Hanna the daughf of Benjamin Gillom & Anne his wife 
was borne the 9° month 1638, and dyed soone after. 

Hanna the Daught r of Benjamin Gillom & Anne his wife 
was borne the 11° month 1639. 

Elisabeth the Daughf of Benjamin Gillom & Anne his 
wife was borne the 11° month 1641. 






Records of Boston. 



John Goordley serv nt to Rich. Tuttle of Boston Dyed the Goordley. 

10 th m°: 1638. 

Mary Greames daoght? of Samuel Greames & {Francis his Greames. 

wife was borne 27° (2°) 1639. 

John the sonne of Kaph Greene & his wife was Greene. 

borne the 22° (10°) 1642. 

Mary the (taught* of Richard Gridley & Grace his wife Gridley. 

was borne the 14° (2°) 1632. 

Sarah the daught' of Richard Gridley & Grace his wife 
was borne 14° (2°) 1634. 

Hannah the daoght* of Richard Gridley & Grace his wife 
was borne the 10° (2°) 1636. 

Returne the Daughter of Richard Gridley & Grace his 
Wife was borne 14° (1°) gg. 

Beleeve the Sonne of Richard Gridley & Grace his wife 
was borne 1° (3°) 1610. 

Tremble the sonne of Richard Gridley & Grace his wife 
was borne 14° (1°) JJg. 

Elizabeth the Daaghf of George Griggs & Alice his 
wife was borne 14° (3°) 1636. 

Sarah the Daughter of Georg Griggs & Alice his wife 
was borne the 15° (3°) 1637. 

W a the sonne of George Griggs buried in the 10 th m° 

P>lizabeth Griggs aged foure yeares dyed in the 3° month 

Isaac the sonne of Edmund Grosse & Katherine his wife 
was borne 1° (8°) 1642. 

John the sonne of Thomas Grubb & his wife was 

borne the sixth month 1638. 

Samuel the sonne of Thomas Grub & his wife 

was borno the o° (10 th ) 1641. 

6 irah Gunnison the daught* of Hugh Gunnison & Eliza- 
beth his wife was borne 14° (12°) 1637. 

Elisabeth the Daught r of Hugh Gunnison & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne 25° (2°) 1640. 

Deborah the Daoght 1 of Hugh Gunnison & Elisabeth his 
was borne in the 8° month 1642. 

Joseph Guttridg the sonne of John Guttridge & Prudence 
bis wife was borne 1° (8°) 1642. 

Sarah the daoght 1 of Abraham & Elizabeth Ilagborne 
was borne the 24° of the (10) L639. 

I lac the son of Abraham Ilagborne & Elisabeth his wife 
was bom-- the L642. 

liehetabel the daughter of Geor^ Hal-all & Elisabeth his 
wife was borne \'< 1642. dyed in October 1648. 

Abigail daoght 1 of William Same & Joane. his wife was 
borne the 25* (■!'•) L640. 

Th if William Ilarvie & Joane. his wife 

born.- the l > 1641. 

John the sonne oi 1 1 Hsrwood & Jane his wife • 

borne tl. 

Joanna the daughter of Georg Qarwood cv Jane hifl wife 
borne the 1" | 1"") 1642. 






1 In wood. 


Records of Boston. 


Deliverance the Sonne of Georg Harwood Dyed the 12° 
m° 1640. 

Abraham the sonne of Thomas Hawkins & Hannah his Hawkins. 
wife was borne. 1° (11°) 1636. 

Hanna the daughter of Thomas Hawkins & Hannah his 
wife was borne 20° (11°) 1640. 

Job the sonne of Thomas Hawkins & Hannah his wife 
was borne 20° (11°) 1640. 

Hope the daughter of Thomas Hawkins & Hannah his 
wife was borne 2° (2°) 1643. 

Mary the daughter of 

[blank in the original.] 

Mary the daughter of George Hide & Anne his wife was Hide. 

borne the 3° (6°) 1642. 

Hannah the Daughter of Valentine Hill & {Frances his Hill. 

wife was borne 17° (1°) S 

John the sonne of Valentine Hill & Francis his wife was 
borne & Dyed 1° (7°) 1640. 

Elizabeth the Daughter of Valentine Hill & Francis his 
wife was borne 12° (10°) 1641. & Dyed 9° (2°) 1643. 

Joseph the sonne of Richard Hogge & Joan his wife was Hogg. 

borne (10°) 1636. 

Mary the Daughter of Richard Hog... & his wife 

was borne 1641. 

Elizabeth Haugh vx: Atherton Haugh Dyed 14 (8) 1643. Haugh. 

Mary the daught 1- of Jeremy Houtchin & Ester his w 7 ife Houtchin : 
was borne the 18° (1°) S 

Jeremy the Sonne of Jeremy Houtchin & Ester his wife 
was borne the 20° (2°) 1643. & dyed soone after. 

John the sonne of Robert Howen & Elizabeth his wife Howen. 

was borne the (4°) 1640. 

Israeli the sonne of Robert Howen & Elizabeth his wife 
was borne 1 642. 

Elizabeth the Daught r of ffrancis Hudson & Mary his wife Hudson. 

was borne 13° (8°) 1640. 

Mary the Daught r of ffrancis Hudson & Mary his wife 
was borne the 18° (6°) 1643. 

Lidia the daughter of James Hudson & Anne his wife was Hudson. 

borne 27° (2°) 1643. 

Hannah the Daughter of Will" 1 Hudson & Anne his wife Hudson. 

was borne 16° (2°) 1641. & Dyed 20° (3°) 1641. 

Hannah the daughter of W m Hudson & Anne his wife 
was borne 12° (1°) 1643. 

Nathaniel Hudson the sonne of W m Hudson & Susan his Hudson. 

wife was borne 30° of (11°) 1633. 

Richard the sonne of W m Hudson & Susan Dyed 26° (8°) 

Georg Ilunne Dyed (4°) 1640. Hunnc. 

Samuel the sonne of Edmund Jacklin & Susan his wife Jacldin. 

was borne 19° (2°) 1640. 

Susannah the daughter of Edmund Jacklin & Susan his 
wife was borne 27° (2°) 1643. & dyed 10° (8°) 1643. 


Records of Boston. 

Sarah the Dauglit r of John &c Abigail Jackson was borne 
the 15° (6°) 1639. 

Abigail the Daughter of John Jackson Sc Abigail his wife 
was borne 21° (6°) 1641. 

John the sonne of John Jackson Sc Abigail his wife was 
borne the 26° (1°) 1643. 

Hannah the Daughter of Edmund Jackson 8c Martha his 
wife was borne 1° (1°) }gg. 

John the sonne of Edmund Jackson & Martha his wife 
was borne 20° (8°) 1638. 

Thomas the son of Edmund Jackson & Martha his wife 
was borne 1° (1°) ] . 

muel the sonne of Edmund Jackson & Martha his wife 
borne 27° (4°) 1643. 

John the sonne of Matthias Jjons 8c Anne his wife was 
borne 10° (7°) 1688. 

John sonne of William if of Elizabeth Winborne his 
wife borne 21: 7"'°: 38. 

Entred in another place wronge but this is right. 

Elizabeth the Daughter of Matthias Jjons 8c Anne his 
wife was borne 5° (2°) 1631. 

Thomas the sonne of Matthias Jjons 8c Anne his wife was 
borne 18° (4°) 1643. 

Margaret the wife of James Johnson Dyed 28° (1°) 1643. 

Samuel Joy the sonne of Thomas Joy 8c Joan his wife 
was borne 26° (12°) L6 

John the sounc of Thomas Jby & Joan his wife was borne 
the 10° (8°) K' 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas Joy & Joan his wife was 
borne 3° (1°) — 1642. 

Job: Judkins, See afterward: 

Mary Kade the daughter of James Kade & Margaret his 
wife was borne 4° (8°) 1640. 

Hannah the daughter of John Kenrick 8c Anne his wife 
Was borne «.) ' (12°) 

John the sonne of John Kenrick 8c Anne hiswife was 
born ) 1641. 

th the daughter of William Kirby & Elisabeth 
was boi I L0°) L640. and dyed 12° (5°) 1642. 

uuel the sonne of Richard Knight 8c Dinah his wife 
: L2°) 1642. 
John Leveril the sonne of Thomas Leverit & Anne his 
wife was borne 7° (7°) L633. 

Hudson the sonne of John Lev* rit 8c his wife was 

3 (3 ; 1640. 

f John : . & his wife was 

borne I'd) 1641. 

inah the daughter of John Leverit 6c his wife 

, L643. 
r offfrancis Loyall & Alice his wife was 

!ph the incia Loyall & Alice lii~ wife 

1 1° (1°) . 

(T tinned.] 






Judkins : 


Kir by. 


192 John Bowles , Esq. [April, 


The following Obituary is copied from the Boston News Letter of April 
14th, 1737. 

Roxbury, April 8 th , 1737. 

On Monday 28 th March last died, and on Saturday following was interred 
with great Respect, and many Tears, John Bowles, Esq. An inveterate 
Jaundice, with other Cronical Distempers brought him to the grave, just as 
he had attained the Age of Fifty-two years. [He was descended of worthy 
and pious Ancestors by the Father, and his Mother was Grand-daughter 
to the famous Mr. Eliot. His Father died when he was very Young, but 
happily committed him to the care of the Rev d Mr. Walter of Roxbury. 
After his Education at the College, he settled in his own Town, and was 
early improved in the Management of their prudential Affairs, and served 
them with great Faithfulness, to the last. In the Militia he was some years 
Major of the Regiment, and in the year 1728, he was chosen Representa- 
tive of the Town of Roxbury, and so every year successively, to his Death : 
and was always observed to have the public Good at Heart, and in his 
Eye : and endeavored to the utmost of his Power, to promote what he 
thought was the true Interest of his Country ; and in his last hours he had 
the Comfort of having exercised himself to keep a good Conscience, more 
particularly with respect to the great Trust reposed in him, as a Member 
of the General Court, [he was Speaker of the House of Representatives 
in 1690,] {for the effect of Righteousness will be peace.) He had also been 
one of his majesties Justices of the Peace for the County of Suffolk for 
many years, and behaved himself in that Capacity with Prudence, Caution 
and Justice. He was truly one of those the Psalmist laments the Death of, 
as a Public loss. Psalm 12 th , 1 st : "Help, Lord for the Godly man ceas- 
eth, for the faithful fail from among the children of men." 

Major Bowles was twice married : First to the Daughter of Col. Check- 
ley of Boston, by whom he hath left Five Children. His second Wife, who 
is his sorrowful Widow, was sister to Mr. White, Treasurer to the Col- 
lege at Cambridge, and Clerk of the House of Representatives ; and by 
her he has left issue, one son. His only Daughter is Married to Benj. 
Lynde, Jr., Esq., of Salem. 

Mr. John Bowles, his grandfather, was an inhabitant of Roxbury before 
1640 * The Apostle Eliot says that in " 1649, Nov. 3, our sister, ["Mrs. 
Dorothy "] Bowles, the wife of John Bowles dyed."f 

He was one of the founders of the " free schoole in Roxburie," which 
was created " Out of their religious care of posteritie, in consideration how 
necessarie the Education of theire children in literature will be to fitt them 
for publicke service both in church and Commonwealthe in succeeding 
ages."J He was a member of the Artillery Company, in 1645. 

His second wife was probably Elizabeth Heath. The Apostle Eliot in- 
cidentally records her death, thus. "1655, In the beginning of y e 5 th moneth, 
God sent an Epidemical Sickness and faintness : few escaped, many were 
very sicke, several dyed, as Elizabeth Bowles in our town, Mr. Rogers of 

* Register, Vol. II, p. 53. t Roxbury Church Records. } Town Records. 

1848.] John Bowles, Esq. 193 

Ipswich the Reverend Pastor there, Mr. Samuel Eaton, and his wife (late 
Mrs. Haines.)" And on the 7th of the same month he records the burial of 
" Elizabeth Bowles, daughter to Elder Heath." John Bowles, son of the 
preceding, was baptized by the Apostle Eliot, June 27, 1G53, graduated at 
Harvard College in 1G71, a classmate of Chief-Justice Samuel Sewall, 
and proceeded to the degree of Master of Arts. Nov. 16, 1681, he was 
married by the venerable Eliot to his grandchild, Sarah Eliot. His son, 

the Rev. John Eliot, Jr., married Sarah . Their daughter Sarah 

was baptized " 7 Moneth 21 Day' 1662." Her mother " was admitted to full 
communion" 6 th 5 th mo. 1662. "21 July, 1664, a church was gathered in 
y e bounds of Cambridge & Mr. John Eliot, Jun. was ordained Pastor, and 
Mr. Tho s . Wis wall Ruling Elder,"* and May 23, 1666, he married his sec- 
ond wife, Elizabeth, daughter of the Honorable Daniel Gookin of Cam- 
bridge; he died "13,8, 1668," and his widow married Edmund Quincy, 
Esq., of Braintree, in 1680. In "1675, 4 mo. 6, the church called Bro. 
Bowles to the Office of a Ruling Elder," and "month 7 th d. 24, 1680," the 
Apostle records that " dear Bro. Bowles was buried, he hath been Elder 
above five years." " An Inventory of the Estate late in the possession of 
Mr. John Bowles that was Ruling 'Elder of the Church of Christ in Rox- 
bury in N. E. was sworn to Nov. 10, 1680, before Judge Dudley, and is 
recorded in Vol. 9, folio 11, in Suffolk Probate Records. In it is mentioned 
" the homestead w* the houseing, Orchard," &c, " house and land in Bos- 
ton," " Woodland," " Bookes," " Armes and Ammunition," &c, amounting 
to "£769: 13:8." 

The grandson of Major Bowles, Ralph Hart Bowles, married Hannah, 
dau. of Rev. Josiah Crocker of Taunton, the friend and correspondent of 
Geo. Whitfield. He held the office of Brigade Major in the Revolutionary 
army, in Nov. 1783, and served during the whole war. After the war he 

:led in Machias, Me., where he was honored with various civil trusts. 
Their son was the late Stephen Jones Bowles of Roxbury, formerly of Ma- 
chias, merchant, who was born 7 July, 1794, and died March 26, 1846. 
He married Elizabeth Thorndike Wallace, 10 Oct., 1823. Major Bowies' 
daughter Mary married Hon. Benjamin Lynde, of Salem, son of Benjamin, 
the Chief-Justice of the Sup. Court of Massachusetts, who died 28 Jan., 
1743, ae. 79. The son graduated at Harvard College in 1718, and was also 
Chief-Justice of the Sup. Court.f 

William Bollesf or Bowles, third son of John Bolles of Swineshead and 
Hough, Co. Lincoln, who was Sheriff of that shire, 16th Edward IV., 
1 177, is represented in England by Oldfield Bowles, Esq. of North Aston, 
Co. Oxford, who married first, in 1768, Gertrude, dau. of Sir Richard Bam- 
rjlde, Bart of Poltimore, which lady d. s. p. the following year. Mr. 
B >wlea married 2dly, Mary, dau. of Sir Abraham Elton, Bart., of Clevedon 
Court, ( 9 mersetj by whom he has issue eight daughters and one son, 
Charles Oldfield Bowles, Esq. of North Aston, Co. Oxford. 

Arms — As. out of three cups, or, as many boar's heads, couped, arg. 

Crest — A demi-bear, wounded in the breast with a broken spear. 

— Burke's Landed Gentry. 

* Roxbury Church Records. 

i S. « Lompriere's Universal Biography. 

t ln New England the family of Bowfei has always been distinct from that of ll*Alr< 

The latter WM at Wells, Maine, at an early date. 

194 First Settlers of Barnstable, Ms. [April, 


(Continued from p. 67.) 

Thomas Croggin, son of widow Abigail Croggin, d. 26 Feb., 1658. 

John Davis m. Hannah Lynnel, 15 March, 1648 ; children, John, Jan., 
1649 ; Samuel, Dec, 1651 ; Hannah and Mary (gemini), 3 Jan., 1653 ; 
Joseph and Benjamin (gemini), June, 1656 ; Simon, July, 1658; Doler, 
Oct., 1660; Jabez. 

John Dunham m. Mary Smith, 1 March, 1679-80. (He d. 2 Jan., 
1696, a. 46.) Children, John, 18 May, 1682; Thomas, 25 Dec, 1680; 
Ebenezer, 17 April, 1684; Desire, 10 Dec, 1685; Elisha, 1 Sept., 1687; 
Mercy, 10 June, 1689 ; Benjamin, 20 June, 1691. 

John Hade way m. Hannah Hallet, 1 July, 1656 ; children, a son, 
Oct., 1657, d. 1657 ; John, 16 Aug., 1658 ; Hannah, May, 1662 ; Edward, 
10 Feb., 1663. 

Trustram Hall; children, Mary, September, 1645; Sarah, March, 
; Joseph, June, 1652 ; John, March, 1654; Hannah, Feb., 1656. 

Jonathan Hatch m. Sarah Rowley, 11 April, 1646 ; children, Mary, 
14 July, 1648 ; Thomas, 1 Jan., 1649 ; Jonathan, 17 May, 1652 ; Joseph, 
7 March, 1654; Benjamin, 7 Sept., 1655; Nathaniel, 5 June, 1657; 
Samuel, 11 Oct., 1659 ; Moses, 4 March, 1662 ; Sarah, 21 March, 1664. 

James Hamblen m. Anne ; d. 1690. [He was from London, England, 
and probably brought his wife to New England with him. The name is 
spelt Hamblen, Hamblin, Hambling, Hamlen, and Hamlin. D. H.] Chil- 
dren, James, Hannah, Bartholomew, 11 April, 1642 ; John, 26 June, 1644; 
Sarah, 7 Nov., 1647 ; Eleazer, 17 March, 1649 ; Israel, 25 June, 1652. 

John Hedge m. Thankful Lothrop, 25 Jan., 1699-1700; child, Abagail, 
16 Nov., 1700. 

Samuel Hinckley,* wife Sarah; he d. 31 Oct., 1662, and she d. 18 
Aug., 1656. [This was the father of Governor Thomas Hinckley, D. H.] 
Children, Samuel, 24 July, 1642 ; John, 24 May, 1644. He m. 2d, Bridget 
Bodfish, Dec 1657. 

Thomas Hinckley m. Mary Richards, 7 Dec, 1641, who d. 24 June, 
1659; he m. 2d, Mary Glover, 16 March, 1659-60. Children, Mary, 3 
Aug., 1644; Sarah, 4 Nov., 1646; Melatiah, 25 Nov., 1648; Hannah, 15 
April, 1650; Samuel, 14 Feb., 1652, d. 19 March, 1697; Thomas, 5 Dec, 
1654; Bathshua, 15 May, 1657 ; Mehilable, 24 March, 1659. By his 2d 
wife, Admire, 28 Jan., 1660, d. 2 weeks after; Ebenezer, 22 Feb., 1661, d. 
2 weeks after; Mercy, Jan., 1662 ; Experience, Feb., 1664; John, 9 June, 
1667; Abigail, 8 April, 1669; Thankful, 20 Aug., 1671; Ebenezer, 23 
Sept., 1673 ; Reliance, 15 Dec, 1675. Gov. Hinckley d. 1766, pe. 88. 

John Rowland ; children, Isaac, 25 Nov., 1659; Hannah, 15 May, 
1661 ; Mercy, 21 Jan., 1663 ; Lydia, 9 Jan., 1665 ; Experience, 2$ Julv, 
1668; Anne, 9 Sept., 1670; Shobal, 30 Sept., 1672; John, 31 Dec, 
1 674. 

Thomas Huckins ra. Mary Wells, 1642 ; he d. at sea, 9 Nov. 1679, a. 

^ * Hinckley is an ancient name in England. John Hinckley was an Esquire to Huah, 
Earl of Strafford, who, in his will, dated 25 Sept., 1385, or in a codieil to it, bequeaths " to 
John Hinckley, my Esquire, xxJ." — Nicolas' 'Jlstamenta Vetwta. In the General Armo- 
ry we have "Hinklbt, or Hinckley, Per pale indented, ar. & en. Crest — On a ducal 
coronet or, a star of twelve points ppr." There is the name Hinckley with different arms. 
— Ed. 

1848.] First Sdtlers of Barnstable, Ms. 195 

G2; she d. 28 July, 1648; children, Lydia, I July, 1644, d. 28 July, WW; 
Mary, 29 March, 1646; Elizabeth, 27 Feb., 1647, d. 8 Dec., 1648. lie 
m. 2d. Rose Hyllier, widow. 3 Nov., 1648 ; John, 2 Aug., 1649; Thomas, 
25 April, 1651; Hannah. 14 Oct., L658, d. 13 Feb.,. 1727 ; Joseph, 21 
Feb., L655, d. 9 Nov.", 1679. Wife Rose d. 1687, a. 71. 
William Hunter no. Rebecca Berse, 17 Feb., 1670. 
IIr<;ir IIvli.ii u m. Rose; children, Deborah, 30 Oct., 1648, at Yar- 
mouth; Samuel, 30 July, 1646, at Yarmouth. 

John I -mm m. Jane Parker, 1(3 Dec, 1077. d. 3 Sept, 1717; children, 

Jane. 7 I I .. L679 ; John, 25 Aug., 1681; Isaac, Feb.. 1682; Sarah, 

. L684; Mary, June, 1687; Hannah; Patience; Joseph; Thankful. 

JOHN JENKINS m. Mary Ewer. 2 Feb., 1652 ; children, Sarah. 15 Nov., 

: Mehitahle, 2 March, 1654-5; Samuel, 12 Sept., 1657; John, 13 

Nov., 1659; Mary, 1 Oct., 1662; Thomas, 15 July, 1666; Joseph, 31 

March, 16< , 

Ralph Jones; children, Shubal, 27 Aug., 1654; Jedediah, 4 Jan., 
I; John. 1 1 A i . 1659 ; Mercy, 14 Nov., 1666; Ralph, 1 Oct., 1669. 
George Lewes m. Mary; children, John, 2 March, 1637, at Scituate ; 
Ephraim, 23 July, L641, at Barnstable; Sarah, 2 Feb., 1643; George; 
Thomas ; James, d. 4 Oct, 1713, a. 82. [The last three children are prob- 
ably of this family, though they are not on the Barnstable records. [[.^\ 
T Linkhorn m. Sarah Lewis, 6 Jan., 1684. 

David Linnel m. Hannah Shirley, 15 March, 1652-3; children, Sam- 
uel. 15 Dec, 1655; Elisha, 1 June. 1658; Hannah, 15 Dec, 1660. 

David L m. Elizabeth Allyn, widow, 2<> Jan., 1699; children, 

2 Nov., 1699; Solomon, V.) March, 1701-2; David, 5 Aug., 
17" i : Elizatx :'i. 1 June, 1708; Lydia, 29 ."March, 1711; Mary, 19 April, 

Bai TKOP* m. Susannah Clerk. 1 Dec, 1658. Children, 

John. 7 Oct., 1659, d. April, 1666; Abigail, 18 Dec. 1660; Barnabas, 22 
isannah, Feb., 1664; Nathaniel, 23 Nov., 1669; Bath- 
shua. 2o June, 1071 ; Anna, 1<> Aug., 1673; Thomas, 7 March, 1674-5, d. 
L675; M •■;■". 27 June, 1676, d. 3 July, 1677. 
Joseph Lothrop m. Mary Ansel, 11 Dec, 1650. Children, 19 

. L651, (I. 20 Nov.. 1651; Joseph, 5 Dec, 1652, d. Oct., 1676; Mary, 
Benjamin, 25 July, 1657; Elizabeth, 18 Sept., L659; 
,281 .. I 30 Dec, 1663; Samuel, 17 March, 1663-4; John, 

Barnabas,24 Feb., L668; Hope, L5 July, 1671; Thomas, 
Hannah, 23 Jan., L675, d. 1 Feb. 1680. 
Thomas L ( .. Mary, 1 Oct., L640; Hannah, L8 Oct., 

. 7 Jury, 1644; Melatiah, 2 Nov.. 1646; Bethiah, 23 July, 

Lnn Lothrop, d. _'•"» Feb., 1687-8. [Probably the wife of Mr; 
John Lothrop, 6ret mini mstable, the father of the three families 

namely, Barnabas, Joseph, and Thomas, who wen- likely 
his 1 1 . 

lbt, b. 1607; children, Martha, 9 Sept., 1640; Jabez, 
1 July, 16 
Thomas Lumbabt, [probably brother of Bernard. H.] Children, 

- : .:.. L640; Benjamin, 26 Aug., L642 
Jam • I. o Lombart, May, 1680. Children, Mary, Oct, 

. .: . Aug., 1692; Mercy, Mi . j Mar- 

D the r< 

Other •. — II. 

196 First Settlers of Barnstable, Ms. [April, 

tha, 1697; Rebeckah, Feb., 1698-9; Lazarus, Nov., 1700; Lydia; John; 

John Lovel m. Susannah Lumbert, June, 1688 ; children, Abigail, 25 
Oct., 1688; Susannah, Sept., 1692; Joshua, Oct., 1693; Elizabeth, Nov., 
1696 ; Anne, Nov., 1698 ; John, 13 Aug., 1700, d. Dec, 1700. 

John Manton ra. Martha Lumbart, 1 July, 1657; children, John, June, 
1658 ; George, Oct., 1660 ; Desire, 1 Jan., 1662. 

[Mr. Hamblen has some reason for supposing Manton on the records 
means Marston, and should have been so written, but as he has not given 
his reasons, and Manton is as regular a name in New England as Marston, 
we presume the record is right.] 

Allen Nichols m. Abigail Berse, 12 April, 1670; children, Nathaniel, 
12 Oct., 1671; Mary, 12 Feb., 1672; a son, 1 Jan., 1674, d. Jan. 1674; 
Josiah, 23 April, 1676, d. 1 May, 1678 ; Joseph, 11 April, 1678 ; Abigail, 
11 Feb., 1680; Priscilla, 28 June, 1682, d. 12 March, 1682-3; Expe- 
rience, 8 Jan., 1683 ; James, 1 April, 1689. 

John Otis m. Mrs. Mercy Bacon, 18 July, 1683 ; children, Mary, 10 
Dec, 1685; John, 14 Jan., 1687; Nathaniel, 28 May, 1690; Mercy, 15 
Oct., 1693 ; Solomon, 13 Oct., 1696 ; James, 14 June, 1702. [He is styled 
Goodman or Gdd. Otis or Ottis, in the records. H.] 

John Otis, son of Goodman John Otis. [Probably d. in Waymouth in 
1657.] Children, John; Margaret, m. Barton; Hannah, m. Gil; Anne; 

Mary Oris ; children, Deborah, 15 April, 1692 ; Jane, 24 Oct., 1696. 

James Pain m. Bethiah Thacher, 9 April, 1691 ; children, James, 24 
March, 1691-2, d. 13 July, 1711; Thomas, 9 April, 1694; Bethiah, 22 
Feb., 1695-6, d. 29 July, 1697 ; Bethiah, 23 May, 1698 ; Mary, 13 Aug., 
1700; Experience, 17 March, 1702-3; Rebecca, 8 April, 1705, d. 30 June, 

Robert Parker m. Sarah James, 28 Jan., 1656 ; children, Mary, 1 
April, 1658 ; Samuel, last of June, 1660 ; Alice, 20 Jan., 1662 ; Jane, 
March, 1664. 

Robert Parker m. Patience Cobb, Aug., 1667. Children, Thomas, 24 
Aug., 1669; Daniel, 18 April, 1670; Joseph, Feb., 1671; Benjamin, 15 
March, 1673-4; Hannah, April, 1676; Sarah, 1678 ; Elisha, April, 1680 ; 
Alice, 15 Sept., 1681. 

Robert Parker d. September, 1680. 

John Passavil [probably Percival;] children, Elizabeth, 22 Feb., 
1704; James, 5 Dec, 1711. 

John Phinney ; child, John, Plymouth, 24 December, 1638. 

John Phinney m. Abigail Croggin, widow, 10 June, 1650. Shed. 6 
May, 1653 ; m. 2d. Elizabeth Bayley, 26 June, 1654; children, Jonathan, 
14 Aug., 1655; Robert, 13 Aug., 1656; Hannah, 2 Sept., 1657; Eliza- 
beth, 15 March, 1658-9; Josiah, 11 Jan., 1660; Jeremiah, 15 Aug., 1662; 
Joshua, Dec, 1665. 

John Prince ; children, John, 18 Sept., 1716 ; Joseph, 10 May, 1718 ; 
Rebecca, 9 Sept., 1719; Samuel, 26 April, 1724; Hannah, 13 Dec, 1738. 

John Robinson m. Elizabeth Weeks, May, 1667. Children, John, 20 
March. 1668; Isaac, 30 Jan., 1669; Timothy, 30 Oct., 1671; Abigail, 20 
March, 1674; Fear, 16 June, 1667. 

Moses Rowley m. Elizabeth Fuller, 22 April, 1652; children, Mary, 

* The names of these children are not on the Barnstable records, but are obtained from 
the will of their father from the Suffolk probate records in Boston, Book I., p. 295. — H. 

1848.] First Settlers of Barnstable, Ms. 197 

20 March, 1653 ; Moses, 10 Nov., 1654; a child, 15 Aug., 1656, d. same 
day; Shobal, 11 Jan., 1660; Mehitable, 11 Jan., 1660; Sarah, 16 Sept., 
1662 ; Aaron, 1 May, 1666 ; John, 22 Oct., 1667. 

Jonathan Russell m. Martha; children, Rebecca, 7 July, 1681; 
Martha, 29 Aug., 1683, d. 1686; John, 3 Nov., 1685; Abigail, 2 Oct., 
1687; Jonathan, 24 Feb., 1689-90; Eleazer, 12 April, 1692; Moodey, 

30 Aug., 1694 ; Martha, 27 Jan., 1696-7 ; Samuel, 1 May, 1699 ; Joseph 
and Benjamin (gemini), 11 Oct., 1702, d. 12 Feb., 1712-13 (both on the 
same day !) ; Hannah, 12 Sept., 1707. Jonathan the elder, d. 20 Feb., 
1710-11 ; his wife Martha d. 28 Sept., 1729. 

John Scudder m. Elizabeth Hamlin, 31 July, 1689 ; children, John, 
23 May, 1690; Experience, 28 April, 1692; Ebenezer, 23 April, 1696; 
Reliance, 10 Dec, 1700 ; Hannah, 7 June, 1706. 

JonN S er j ant m. Deborah Hyllier, 19 March, 1662-3; children, Jo- 
seph, 18 April, 1663 ; John, 16 Feb., 1664. 

William Serjeant d. 16 Dec, 1682; Sarah Sarjeant d. 12 Jan., 1688. 

Robert Shelley; children, Joseph, 24 Jan., 1668 ; Shobal, 25 April, 
1674; Benjamin, 12 March, 1679. 

John Smith; children, Samuel, April, 1644; Sarah, May, 1645; Mary, 
Nov., 1647 ; Dorcas, Aug., 1650; Shobal, Nov., 1653; John, Sept., 1656; 
Benjamin, Jan., 1658; Ichabod, Jan., 1660; Elizabeth, Feb., 1662; Thomas, 
Feb., 1664; Joseph, 6 Dec, 1667. 

Samuel Stores m. Mary Huckins, 6 Dec, 1666; children, Mary, 31 
Dec, 1667 ; Sarah, 26 June, 1670 ; Hannah, 28 March, 1672 ; Elizabeth, 

31 May, 1675 ; Samuel, 17May, 1677 ; Lydia, June, 1679.— Wife Mary 
d. 24 Sept., 1683. — He m. 2d. Hester Egard, 14 Dec, 1685; children, 
Thomas, 27 Oct., 1686; Hester, Oct., 1688; Cordiel, 14 Oct., 1692. 

Samuel St urges m. Mrs. Mary Oris, 14 Oct., 1697; children, Na- 
thaniel, 8 Jan., 1698-9, d. 20 Jan., 1711 ; John, 6 June, 1701 ; Solomon, 
25 Sept., 1703 ; Mary, 14 Feb., 1706 ; Moses, 18 June, 1708 ; Jonathan, 
1 Nov., 1711 ; Nathaniel, 2 Feb., 1714-15. 

Edward Taylor m. Mary Merks, 19 Feb., 1663. Children, Anne, 11 
Dec, 1664; Judith, 12 Dec,*1666, d. Jan. 1667 ; Isaac, 3 Jan., 1669 ; Ja- 
cob, 19 April, 1670; Experience, June, 1672; Mary, 15 Sept., 1674; Sa- 
rah. 6 Oct, 1678; John, 6 Sept., 1680; Abraham, 7 Feb., 1683; Mehita- 
ble, 3 Oct., 1688. Mr. Edward Taylor d. 15 Feb., 1704; wife Mary d. 
Nov.. 17ol. 

Henry Taylor m. Lydia Hatch, 19 Dec, 1650; children, Lydia, 21 
June, 1005 ; Jonathan, 20 April, 1658. 

John ThaOHEB m. Desire Dimock, 10 Nov., 1698; children, Abigail, 2 
Nov., 1699 ; 'Elizabeth, 27 June, 1701 ; John, 25 June, 1703; Lot, 23 
May, L705 ; Fear, 28 March, 1707 ; Rowland, 28 Aug., 1710. 

JOHN THOMPSON : children, Hester, 28 July, 1652 ; Elizabeth, 28 Jan., 
165 I ; Sarah, 4 April, 1657 ; Lydia, 5 Oct., 1659 ; Jacob, 24 April, 1662; 
Thomas, r.' Oct, L664. 

William Troop dl Maiy Chapman, 1 1 May, 1666; child, Mary, 6 

April, 1 667. 

JAM! - WhifpO m. Abigail Green, at Boston, 25 Feb., 1692; chil- 
dren, Jan i, 27 Nov., 1692; Lawrence, 16 June, 16! »1 ; June, 12 May, 
L696; George, \l April, 1698, d. 2 Oct., 1698; Margaret, L2 An-., L699; 
Elizabeth, 6 Fen., 1700-1 j George, 22 Feb., 170:J; Benjamin, 22 July, 
17D.3, (1. nx ireekfl after; Martha, 10 Sept, 1706. 

198 Whiting's Letter to Mather. [April, 

Imuanuel White m. Martha ; children, James, 20 Nov., 1719 ; Han- 
nah, 10 June, 1721 ; Mary, 24 Feb., 1722 ; Samuel, 23 Sept., 1724. 

Caleb Williamson m. Mary Cob, 3 May, 1G87 ; children, Mary, 2o 
June, 1088 ; Timothy, 29 Sept., 1G92 ; Sarah, 2 Jan., 1G95 ; Ebenezer, 4 
April, 1697 ; Martha, 13 Feb., 1C99-1700. 

ITlic following corrections should be made in the "First Settlers of Barnstable." In I 
15, p. 65, for /w/y read February; in 1 15, p. 66, for 1706 read 1716; in 1.19, from foot, 
for 16 March, 1674, read 15 March, 1674; in I. 9, from toot, for 15 Jan., read 5. — H.J 

[To be Continued.] ;v j/^, 


The descendants of New England ancestors do not wish to forget the land 
of their fathers. In whatever part of the world they are found, they arc 
proud to have it known from whence they originated. New England Soci- 
eties are springing up in the south and in the west. 

We have a most interesting account of a celebration of the Landing of 
the Pilgrims, by the New England Society of Marshall in Michigan. 
By this account we learn that Maj. Joseph" Chedsey was its president for 
the past year, that an oration was delivered by the Hon. Henry W. Tay- 
lor, and the following gentlemen were among those who took an active 
part in the celebration ; namely, Rev. Mr. Mason, Rev. C H. A. Bulkley, 
H. K. Clarke, Philo Dibble, Andrew L. Hays, Ira Tillotson, S. II. Bunker, 
Jas. M. Parsons, H.'C. Burne, C. T. Gorham, Chas. Dickey, Robert Cross, 
A. C. Parmlee, Judge Silver, J. M. Easterly, R. H. Smith, Hermon Camp, 
J. O. Balch, Joseph Sibley, J. Fox, Darius Clark, A. B. Cook. Had we 
space, we would extract many of the sentiments given on the occasion, as 
they are generally very excellent. The following, by the president elect, 
Hon. H. W. Taylor, we cannot omit. 

Massachusetts. — 'There she stands.' When the waters which bore the Mayflower 
to her coast, shall cease to wash her shores, then will her children forget the trials, the suf- 
ferings, and the virtues of their fathers. 

Mr. Hermon Camp gave — 'The Old Bay State.' — Whose Franklin drew lightning 
from the clouds, and whose Morse learned it how to talk. May she with her dialect of 
Electricity, Electrize the world. 


Octob r - 1. 167 7. 
Reverend and deare Cousin, — 

I acknowledge myself as much engaged as to God for all his mercies, so 
to yourself for your indefatigable labours, both in our church here, and in 
your writings which of your love, you have sent to me, wherein you have 
outdone any that I have seen upon that subject, Go one deare Cousin and 
the Lord x>rosper your endeavours for the glory of his great name, and the 
good of many souls. And let me beg one request of you, that you would 
set pen to paper in writing a History of New-England since the coming of 
our chief men thither, which you may do by conferring with M n Higgin- 
son, and some of the first planters in Salem and in other places, which I 

1848.] Obituary. 199 

hope you may easily accomplish, having by your diligence and search 
found out so much history concerning the Pequot war. And the rather let 
me entreat this favour of you, because it hath not been hitherto done by 
any in a polite and scholar-like way, which if it were so done would glad 
the hearts of many of the Lord's people and turn to your great account in 
the last and great day of the Lord Jesus. Thus commending my love to 
you, and your loving consort with thanks to you for your kindness to me, 
and my son when we were last with you at your house, beseeching the 
Lord to bless you and all yours (not knowing how shortly I must put off 
this earthly tabernacle) I rest 

Your loving Cousin, in him who is love & truth, 

Samuel Whiting. 
To the Rev d- my dear Cousin 
M r " Increase Mather, Teacher 
of the Church of Christ in Boston, 
Present these. 

My son and daughter remember their respects to yourself and wife. 


The subject of the following short obituary, died on the 2d of August, 
1847, in the olth year of his age. He was son of Mr. Samuel Sprague, 
••who not many year- since went down to the grave, venerable in age, and 
blessed with the respect of all his acquaintance. One of his brothers died 
at sea, another was accidentally killed in his counting-room on Long Wharf." 
This family is of that branch early seated at Ilingham. 

The Buotiikrs. — Among former obituary notices we find one of 
EtGE James Sprague, a '-true man," as he has been justly and em- 
phatically called, who died the 22d Aujrust, in the fif'tv-fourth year of his 
age. He will not have gone without '"the meed of one melodious tear." 
He was the brother of Charles Sprague, cashier of the Globe Bank, and a 
in the fullest and noblest sense of that much abused word. The fol- 
lowing lines, breathing as they do all the poetry of the household affections, 
appeared In the Transcript of February, 1887. In giving them to his read- 
ers, our predecessor, Lynde M. Walter, remarked: "The delieacy with 
which a sadly pleasing train of thought vibrates on the heart-string of affec- 
tionate feeling, and finds utterance in song, tells us, without questioning, 
whose hand guided tic pen and gave ii utterance. A word of prefatory 
explanation, which we are accidentally enabled to Bupply — may not be un- 
acceptable to tli'' reader. It is sufficient to say that the lines were written 
after 'the two' had been jed in removing the ashes of their dead broth- 

i new place of sepultur ." 

We are but two — the others sleep 

ThrouL r !i untroubled night ; 

We are bat two — letn k 
link, that binds as, br 

ips to heart — the sacred flood 
That warms as is the same : 
Thai rood old man — bis 
Alike we fondly claim. 

200 Epitaph. [April, 

We in one mother's arms were locked — 

Long be her love repaid ; 
In the same cradle we were rocked, 

Round the same hearth we played. 

Our boyish sports were all the same, 

Each little joy and woe : — 
Let manhood keep alive the flame, 

Lit up so long ago. 

"We are but two — be that the band 

To hold us till we die ; 
Shoulder to shoulder let us stand, 

Till side by side we lie. C. S. 


He deceased the 21st of March, 1655, [1656, N. S.,] and was honorably 
buried in Henry the seventh's Chappel, at the Abbey in Westminster ; 
Oliver, then Lord Protector, dispending 200 pounds at his funeral ; ex- 
tending to his the grant of some of the lands. of the primacy of Armagh for 
21 years. 

Of whom may be writ as one doth by way of Elegy on the late Martyr 
of our times, that admirable Divine Dr. He wet, 

Since he is dead, report it thou my Muse 
Unto the world as grief, and not as news. 
Heark how Religion sighs, the Pulpit groans, 
And tears run trickling down the senseless stones. 
That Church which was all ears is now turned eyes, 
The Mother weeps, and all her children cries. 

Winstanley's Worthies, ed. 1659. 

[The following epitaph was copied from a grave-stone in the Copps Hill 
burying-ground. There are marks upon the stone, and tradition says that 
the British soldiers made use of it as a target during their occupation of 
Boston, at the commencement of the Revolution. M.] 

Here lies buried in a 
Stone Grave 10 feet deep 
who departed this Life 
October 23d 1769 

Aged 44 Years 
a true son of Liberty 
a Friend to the Public 
an Enemy to oppression 
and one of the foremost 
in opposing the Revenue acts 
on America 


Proclamation for a Thanksgiving. 



[The following proclamation for a Thanksgiving in Massachusetts docs not appear to be 
noticed by the historians of King Philip's war, the events of which were the occasion of it. 
It is rather remarkable that it should have been overlooked both by ])r. I. Mather and Mr. 
Hubbard, especially as they both take notice of an appointment of a like observance by the 
government of Plymouth. It is an important paper, as it sets in a much stronger light 
than otherwise appears, the great importance attached to the fall of King Philip. It shows 
that he was considered the master spirit of the war. 

We copy the following from the printed proclamation, which was issued on a single 
sheet of foolscap size ; namely, about seven and a half by eleven inches.] 

At a General Court held at Boston the 11 th of Octob. 1G7-V 

Whereas it hath pleased our gracious God, contrary to the many cvill-dcservings of an 
Onworth & sinful! People such as we are, so far to espouse the interest of his poor people, 
plead their Cause with the Heathen in this Wilderness, that have risen up against 
us. and broken in upon many of our Towns and places as a flood, seeking the utter cxtir- 
i and mine of the interest of our Lord Jesus, in this Wilderness, and that with so 
lerable a progress, and such strange success, as ought not soon to be forgotten by 
us : in this day of our calamity, God hath made bare his own arm for our Deliverance, by 
taking away courag osel from our enemves, & giving Btrange advantages and great 

our selves and Confederates against them, that of those several Tribes and Par- 
that have risen up against ns, which were not a few. there now scarce remains a Name 
or Family of them in their former habitations; but are cither slain, captivated or (led into 
remot* f this wilderness, or lye hid despairing of their first intentions against m&> at 

>.:r\<: unto which mercy, God bath added an abatement of those Epidemical 
Sicknesses that have attended us most partof this summer, and vouchtafed us a liberal por- 
f the fruits of the earth, for our comfortable sustenance and Relief: The joynt consid- 
eration of these things ministers great cause, "<"l tht same God that is Author of them, can 
to offer our P at tlicr<\>\ we may glorify him. Which that we may 

This Court doth appoint & set apart the ninth day of November next to be a dav of solemn 
Thank and Praise to God for such bis singular and so many Mercy es bestowed on 

unmend the same to tbe respective godly Ministers and People of this Juris* 
dicti eriously to keep the uune. 

By tbe COURT, Edward Bawtm S 

\n obvious error, and should bo 1676. Our copy El corrected with a pen, apparently 
at the time of publication. 

al words along one margin of tbe sheet have been burnt off. Such we presume 

to supply, which arc denoted by being in (tali 

202 Old Settlers. [April, 


To the Editor of the Register and Journal. 

Dr Sir — In looking over the list of names in the last Register of the early settlers of 
New Hampshire, it occurred to me that some particulars of some of these settlers might 
be interesting and promote the objects of your work and lead others to similar investiga- 

Yours most truly, 

Wm. Willis. 

In the last No. of the Register we are furnished with the names of some 
of the " First Settlers of New Hampshire." It would be interesting to 
know the history and end of those persons. Many of them no doubt lived 
and died in obscurity ; but a few filled in their day no little space in the 
annals of colonial adventure. 

Of Capt. Walter Neal, who stands at the head of the list, and was the 
governor of the little colony, we know that he arrived in the spring of 1630, 
was very active in the affairs of the people who spotted the coast from the 
Piscataqua to the St. John, and was summoned back by Mason, the pro- 
prietor, in 1633, to give an account of his stewardship and of the prospects 
of wealth and aggrandizement which had filled the imagination of the pa- 
tentee, and which had incited him in his enterprise. He is not known to 
have returned to America, nor do we know any thing of his subsequent 

Capt. Thomas Cammock, whose name is erroneously written Comocke, 
is called a relative of the Earl of Warwick, who was governor-in-chief of 
the colonies, and is said to have been his nephew. He probably came over 
with Neal in the spring of 1630, and settled at first on the eastern bank of 
the Piscataqua. He obtained from England, in 1633, a grant of a portion 
of the territory lying between the Piscataqua and York rivers, which he 
sold three years after to James Trueworthy, preferring, probably, his grant 
at Black Point, where he had previously taken up his abode. This latter 
grant, described as containing fifteen hundred acres, although in fact much 
more, he received from the council of Plymouth, Nov. 1, 1631, of which he 
was put in possession by Walter Neal, May 23, 1633. It extended from 
Black Point river to the Spurwink, and embraced a large part of Scarbo- 
rough. Here he resided some years, and the possession was confirmed to 
him by Gorges in 1640. The same year he executed a paper loaning the 
property, except five hundred acres reserved to his wife, to his friend Hen- 
ry Jocelyn, to take effect after his own and his wife's death. He died on a 
voyage to the East Indies in 1643, soon after which, Jocelyn married his 
widow, Margaret, and entered into full possession of the property. An in- 
ventory of his estate was returned by his widow, in Oct., 1643, containing 
the five hundred acres reserved to his widow, appraised at £30 ; cows and 
other cattle, £26. 

Cammock, for so his name is written in the early records, and also by 
himself, was appointed a commissioner or counsellor by Capt. Wm. Gorges, 
a nephew of Sir F. Gorges, who was sent over in 1636, by his uncle, to 
govern the province. The first court under this government was held at 
Saco, March 21, 1636. Henry Jocelyn, who also resided at Black Point, 
was another of these commissioners. I have discovered no trace of any 
descendants from Cammock, and presume he died childless. 

1848.] Old Settlers. 203 

The records of the province of Maine preserve the several grants to 
Cammock, the evidence of his possession under them, and the following en- 
try relative to the administration on his estate. "At a court hidden at Saco, 
Oct. 10, 1643. Whereas, Capt. Thomas Cammock lately died in the West 
Indies, having by a certain writing, &c, dated Sept. 2, 1G40, given unto 
Henry Jocelyn all his lands immediately after his and his wife's decease, 
&c, and no other will appearing, we appoint the aforesaid Margaret, his 
wife, administratrix, to pay all debts, &c, and if anything remain, to come 
to said Ad\ R. Vines, D y Gov., Roger Garde, Recorder." Farmer, in a 
note, (I. Belk.<) who is followed by Allen in his Biog. Diet., is therefore in 
an error when he says Cammock died in Scarboro'. 

Thomas Wannerton, another name on that list, is erroneously written 
Warnerton and Wonerton. It is written Wannerton by Winthrop and is 
so subscribed by himself in a letter to Andrew Gibbon, Dec. 5, 1632. He 
was interested in the Laconia patent w T ith Mason and others, and probably 
came over in 1633. The letter of Dec. 5, before referred to, signed by him 
and the other planters, was written from London, and says, " The adven- 
turers heere have bin so discouradged by reson of John Gibbes ill deleing 
voidges, as allso by the small returns sent hither by Capt. Neale, Mr. Her- 
bert, or any of there factors, as that they have no desier to proseid anny 
farther untill Capt. Neale come hither to confer with them, that by confer- 
ences w T ith him, they may settle things in a better order." 

Wannerton was probably sent over at this time to supply Neal's place, 
for the letter says afterwards, " Wee praye you, Mr. Godfrey and Mr. Wan- 
nerton to take care of our conserns and that you would join lovingly to- 
gether in all things for our good, and to advise us what our best cource will 
be to doe another yer." (Haz. 1, 323. Belk. App.) 

Wannerton established himself at the great house in Portsmouth, but he 
had been a soldier many years and was of irregular habits, and is found 
roving about the coast. Winthrop represents him as " a stout man," and of 
exceedingly dissolute life. An anecdote related of him by John Jocelyn 
the vovager, who spent more than a year with his brother at Black Point, 
in 1638-39, confirms the statement, He says, "Sept. 23, (1639,) I left 
Black Point and came to Richmond Island, about 3 leagues to the eastward, 
where Mr. Trelane kept a fishing : Mr. John Winter a grave and discreet 
man was his agent, and employed 60 men upon that design. Monday 24, 
I wont on board the Fellowship, of 170 tons, a Flemish bottom ; several of 
my friends came to bid me fare well, among the rest Capt. Thomas Wan- 
nerton who drank to me a pint of Kill-devil, alias rhum." 

Richmond Island, now a part of the town of Cape Elisabeth, was a noted 
place in that day. Winter, Mr. Trelawny's agent, employed sixty men in 
the fishing business. Three ships wore employed in the trade, carrying fish 
to Spain and other parts. Prom 16:51) to L645, Winter sent forward over 
8000 quintals offish, beside train oil and other articles. In 1638, a ship of 
300 tons laden with wine, probably the proceeds of a cargo offish and lum- 
ber, arrival at tin- island. 

Such importations afforded facilities for intemperance, which were not 
neglected; and it cannot be denied that dissipation and irregularity exten- 
sively prevailed among the early Bottlers on this coast, east of the limit- of 
Massachusetts. The nature of the employment in which the people were 
generally engaged, fishing and lumber, the absence of Bocial relations to a 
great degree, and the want of a regular government, contributed to produce 
;t laxity of moral- which did not exist in the other New England colonies. 

204 Old Settlers. [April, 

AVannerton, who was a leading man in the affairs of the Piscataqua set- 
tlement, no doubt encouraged by his example the general dissoluteness of 
manners. But from the confidence which was placed in him by Mason and 
his associates, and the influence he evidently had in the affairs of the New 
Hampshire settlement, he could not have been so debased a man as Win- 
throp would have us suppose. Much allowance must be made for the rigid 
views and severe manners of the colonists of Massachusetts, in forming a just 
estimate of the character of the wholly different class of settlers, which occu- 
pied the coast east of that colony. 

In 1644, Wannerton went with Richard Vines of Saco, and Abraham 
Short of Pemaquid, on a trading expedition eastward. At St. John, he 
was engaged by La Tour to assist in an attack upon his rival, D'Aulnay, 
who was settled at Penobscot. Always ready to enter into any skirmish, 
he proceeded to the Penobscot, and was there shot by one of D'Aulnay's 
men, in an attempt to force his farm-house. It does not appear that he had 
any family, and we do not meet with the name afterwards in our colonial 

Humphrey Chadbourn, another of the " stewards and servants sent by 
John Mason," came over in 1631, and after a residence of a few years at 
Portsmouth, took up his permanent abode at South Berwick. He was ap- 
pointed to take charge of the upper plantation on the river, and established 
himself at the falls near which the town was afterwards built. Here he 
carried on the lumber operations of the proprietors, anc in 1643, purchased 
of the Indians a large tract of land there, which remained in the family un- 
til quite recently, if it does not at the present day. In 1657 and 1659, he 
represented in the general court the town of Kittery, which then embraced 
South Berwick. In 1662, he was appointed by Massachusetts one of the 
associates for the county of York, which then embraced the whole popula- 
tion of Maine. This was a judicial office. The family of Mr. Chadbourn 
was respectable and his descendants are very numerous, scattered over 
Maine and other parts of the country. One recently fell in battle in Mex- 
ico. It would be interesting to have the genealogy of this ancient family 
traced ; and many of its members are fully competent to the task. 

It will be sufficient for the present occasion to notice one more of that 
catalogue, and that one of the most distinguished names. Henry Jocelyn, 
was son of Sir Thomas Jocelyn of Kent, and w r as sent over by Capt. Mason 
to make "a more complete discovery" and examination of the advantages 
of his grant. (2 Maine Hist. Col., 78.) And although he w r as appointed 
in a grant of a portion of the Laconia patent, Nov. 3, 1631, to give posses- 
sion to the grantees, I do not find any satisfactory evidence that he came 
over until 1634. Mason, in a letter to Gibbons, his agent, dated May 5, 
1634, and received July 10, of the same year, says, " These people and pro- 
visions which I have now sent with Mr. Jocelyn, are to set up two mills up- 
on my own division of lands lately agreed upon betwixt our adventurers." 
(App. 8, to I. Belk.) He arrived at Piscataqua in the summer of 1634, but 
he did not long remain there, nor do we find any fruits of his mission. It 
may be that on the death of Mason in 1 635, he quit his service ; for as early 
as March, 1636, we find him in Maine, a member of the new government 
established by Sir F. Gorges under his nephew, "Wm. Gorges. In his com- 
mission he is styled " Mr. Henry Jocelyn, Gent," and was the only one of 
the counsellors except Thomas Lewis, whose name w r as accompanied with 
those honorary appendages. He had now probably taken up his abode at 
Black Point, which for forty years afterwards continued to be his place of 

1848.] Old Settlers. 205 

residence. He certainly resided there in 1G38, when his brother John made 
him a long visit. 

In 164", he was again appointed a counsellor under the new charter, ob- 
tained by Gorges in 1639, and entered upon the oilice in June of that year, 
as a member of the first general Court which assembled in Maine. He is 
now styled Henry Jocelyn, Esq., a still higher title than Mr. or Gent, at 
that time, although it is very much weakened at the present day by dilution. 
In the commission from Gorges establishing this government, his lather, Sir 
Thomas Jocelyn, is placed at the head, but he never came to this country, 
and Richard Vines became his substitute. 

In 1643, he succeeded to the Cammock patent at Black Point, by the will 
of the original patentee, and soon after married his widow, Margaret. We 
have no evidence that lie had been before married. In 104o, by the de- 
parture of Richard Vines to Barbadoes, he became deputy governor of the 
province, and during his administration, sustained the cause of Gorges 
against the claims of Sir Alexander Rigby, which were strenuously urged 
by George Cleeves and Richard Tucker, the first settlers and then residents 
in what is now Portland. 

Rigby entering heartily into the republican cause, while Gorges was 
equally as firm a royalist, their fortunes partook of the prevailing sentiment 
in England, and the party of Cleeves became triumphant during his life in 
the ascendancy of the commonwealth. Although Jocelyn's star paled before 
the new luminary, yet we find him acting as a magistrate and a member of 
the new government, which took the name of the province of Ligonia, and 
which was peacefully acquiesced in until the death of Rigby in lboO. 

After this, new disturbances arose and attempts were made by the people 
itablish a government Independent of the proprietors at home, and a 
state of confusion and anarchy existed for several years. In the meantime, 
Massachusetts, with the vigilance which has ever distinguished her, was 
pursuing her claim to the jurisdiction and territory of Maine, as far east as 
so hay. This was their Bio Grande ; this they contended was their 
boundary by the terms of their charter. The pretensions were strenuously 
jted by Jocely, Jordan, Cleeves, and the principal men of the country, 
who. educated as Episcopalians, had an invincible distaste, both to the re- 
ligion and politics of Massachusetts. In 1654, Jordan was arrested and 
committed to prison in Boston for his opposition, and Jocelyn was summoned 
to appear before her commissioners at York to answer for his offence. 

But the perseverance of Massachusetts, aided by the disorderly Btate of 
affair-, and the desire of the inhabitants for repose, induced them to submit, 
and the jurisdiction and government of Massachusetts was extended over 
the people east of the Saco river, in 1658, as it had been a few years be- 
fore over the people in the western part of the province. Oneof their first 
acts was to appoint "Our right trusty Henry Jocelyn Esq." a commissioner 
with full power M for the trial of all causes without a jury within the Liberties 
of Scarborough and Falmouth, not exceeding tin- value of £50, M and Joce- 
lyn, Jordan, Shapleigh, Rishworth, and Preble were Invested -with m. 
tratical power throughout the whole county of York." 

Alter the restoration of Charles IL, in 1660, the proprietors recovered 
tluir ascendancy at home, and the opposition to Massachusetts broke oul 
open resistance. Jot Ian and Jocelyn were the most active partisans 
of the proprietors In the eastern town-, and returned with renewed ardor to 
their allegiance to the family of Gorges, th-ir early patron and firm friend. 
In 1662, Jocelyn refused to take the oath of office as an associate, and with 

206 Old Settlers. [April, 

Shapleigh in the western part of the province, protested against the acts 
and orders of Massachusetts, claiming to act as commissioners of the prov- 
ince of Maine, under the authority of F. Gorges, Esq., second proprietor of 
said province. Cleeves, Munjoy, and others in Falmouth adhered to Mas- 
sachusetts. The utmost excitement prevailed ; Jordan, Jocelyn, and others 
were indicted for renouncing the authority of Massachusetts. 

But the king having no relish for the puritanism of Massachusetts, and 
desiring to favor the adherents of his father, threw the weight of the pre- 
rogative into the scale of Gorges. Commissioners were sent over in 1665, 
to regulate the affairs of the colonies, who restored the government of Gorges 
in Maine, and appointed commissioners for the administration of govern- 
ment, of whom Jocelyn was one. Still Massachusetts did not relinquish her 
claims ; she kept up the forms of government, and the people were harassed 
by a divided and conflicting sway. Courts were held by both parties, and 
scenes of excitement and confusion took place, which have not been paral- 
leled in this country. It was only by the purchase of the province by Mas- 
sachusetts of the proprietors in 1678, that a peaceful government and repose 
were restored. 

During the long period from 1635 to 1676, Jocelyn was one of the most 
active and influential men in the province ; and during all the changes of 
proprietorship and government, he held the most important offices. And it 
is but just to say, that we observe nothing in his eventful life to cast re- 
proach upon it. He certainly had the confidence of all parties. 

The last appearance of this distinguished man is in the Indian war of 
1676. In October of that year, the Indians, one hundred strong, made an 
attack upon Black Point. The inhabitants fled for protection to the garri- 
son of Jocelyn, from which he went out to negotiate a treaty with Mugg, 
the leader of the invaders, for the safety of the people. While he was gone 
the inhabitants fled to their boats with what property they could secure, and 
left Jocelyn alone with his family to breast the storm. Being now no longer 
able to defend his garrison, he was obliged to surrender at discretion. 
What became of him we do not know, and have no farther trace of him. 
He must at this time have been near 70 years old. Nor have we any par- 
ticulars of his family, except of his son Henry, who, in the spring of 1676, 
went to Scituate in Massachusetts, and in the autumn of the same year, mar- 
ried Abigail Stockbridge, then but 16 years old, by whom he had thirteen 
children, born between 1677 and 1702. The descendants in this branch are 
numerous. Williamson, Hist, of Maine, 1, 357, is mistaken when he says 
of the elder Henry, that " in King Philip's war he removed to Plymouth 
Colony." It was the son that went there. Our Henry had a brother Abra- 
ham, who was living in Hinghain in 1647. None of the family remained 
here or returned, after the Indian troubles, that we have any knowledge of. 
The property had all gone out of the family, for like that of most politicians, 
it had suffered severely by his public engagements. In 1663, he mortgaged 
his Black Point estate to Joshua Scottow, a merchant in Boston, for £309. 
19. 10., and in 1666, for £180 sterling, he made an absolute conveyance 
to him of the Cammock patent and all his other real property, including his 
" dwelling house, out houses, fish houses and stages with other conveniences." 
The property is held under this title at the present day. John Jocelyn, in 
1669, lamenting over the sad changes in his brother's affairs, says, that he 
sustained " great losses, charge and labour in upholding the rights of Mr. 
Gorge and his sacred Majesty's dominion." 


Indian Wars. 207 

We have thus finished a survey of a few of the early settlers of the 
eastern country, three of whom were prominent among the public characters 
in the early history of Maine. We have rather exhibited in one view what 
was before known, than brought to light new materials ; but though the task 
is humble, we shall be glad to see it exercised in regard to other names 
borne on the same list, or lying neglected in other quarters. W. 


To the Editor of the Historical and Genealogical Register. 

Dear Sir, — 

In looking over a mass of papers which have been deposited with me, I find many curi- 
ous relics of the antiquities of this section of the country, some of which may be interesting 
to your readers. I can give you much that will be entertaining from the ancient records 
of this old town, if you should desire it, when my leisure will permit, and also from other 
sources. I send you now a copy of a letter from Deacon Noah "Wright, ancestor of a high- 
ly respectable family in this town, in relation to the French and Indian war of 1744, and 
also an extract from his journal. The letter is copied verbatim, literatim, et punctuatim. 
The journal is put into more modern language. 

Stephen W. Williams, M. D. 

Deerfield, Mass., Jan. 27, 1848. 

From Deacon Noah Wright to his Brother. 

Deerfield October the 27, 1745. 
Dear brother — these are to inform you that we are in resonabel helth 
threw the goodness of god in your last letture to me you desired me to send 
you an account of what I met with in my Scout I have had no opportunity 
till now I cant Writ a particular account of the hull scout in the compas of a 
letture you must take jeniler hints we set out from deerfield on satterday at 
three of the clock with 20 men & came to northfield abought dusk the men 
being gon we made no tarry but set forward for fort dummer& got there at 
f the dock where we found a 11 of northfield men they Joyned us on 
sabbath day morning we set out for the great meddow & come to the fort 
■bought two clock where we found such things to behold as, wold raise the 
pa— ion- of the mo>t Bteddy man in the world two cattel they were a botch- 
ering there & hyda laying spred almost over the ground but withought any 
stay their we were ordered to move along after curnel Willard & his men 
that ware Jesl gone along in riding threw the meddow we could scarce turn 
our eye- without Beeing ded creature- sum with their guts tore ought 
ik -urn ript op<-n & others part of them carried off & a grat many that lay 
untouched ondly their hydfl were taken of!" then- Bights & many other diver- 
sion- allmott took away all the sabbath I pray that it may not be my lot 

t In i - to be carnal Willard & hi- men when we mad a holt & then I inquired 

the affaire of the fight I talked with the ward he seaming a Bteddy man, & 

knowing the affair he thoal the number of the innemythat came in the 

>f the fort wa- about 50 when he saw them first their was 8 of them 
stript vrithought their guns in pur.-ute of mr how when he see they woiiM cetch 
him h«- turned to them & with hi- hand- lifted np rezined himseli into 

their handfl & they led him away it i- <|i|.v-tinnable whether they killed any 

of the innemy tho the -oluVrs think they wounded sum of them the iniM-my 
in the meddow an home at the fort & killing the cattle Bfl they 

208 Indian Wars. [April? 

went off up the riuer they found david Rug & another man earning down 
the riuer in a eannoo they shot on them & killed rug the other man Jumped 
out of the eannoo and escaped the innemy they swimed over and brought 
the eannoo to them & took off his scalp & left him in the eannoo with- 
out any abuse we then set forward the hull company being 94 men we 
follow the innemys tracks till about sun-set and their they scattered we 
campt their munday we set ought for number four when we had got within 
7 miles of the fort we came on the tracks of a number that steared towards 
the fort we were ordered to strip ourselves reddy for a fight & so we went 
till we came to the fort but found not the innemy we lay their & on tuseday 
set ought for hum & struck acrost the upper ashuelot 5 miles before we 
came to the tound we came acrost some more indian tracks but see not the 
indians we lay at ashuelot & on wensday came to nortlifield as we came 

Copy of a Journal kept by Dea. Noah Wright. 
[Corrected Spelling.] 

June y e 19 th , 1746. The third time at N° 4. Captain Stevens and one of 
the captains of our troops being there, they went out with about fifty men, as 
I have been informed, to look for some horses, and they come upon an army 
of Indians. They were commanded to stop there and fight them, which they 
did, and drove the Indians off from their ground and got upon it and main- 
tained it in spite of them. They received the loss of no men, but four or 
five wounded, as I have been informed. They sent forty of the men to car- 
ry the wounded men to the fort, and the rest maintained the fight and stood 
them manfully. After the fight was over they found where they drew off 
several dead Indians into a swamp. They sent down a troop of men to 
guard Mr. Doolittle and Dr. Williams to cut off the arm of one of their men 
that was sore wounded, broke that they supposed, that the end would not 
be healed without cutting off one of his arms. Since, I have been told that 
our men recover so much plunder, guns, hatchets, spears, lines, and such 
like things as they sold for seventy or eighty pounds. Since this the next 
time, June 23d, a certain small number of Indians, a little below Bridgman's 
fort run upon a number of men at work, wounded three men, one mortally, 
so that he died next day, James Baker, by name, from Springfield ; the other 
two are likely to recover. They wounded one Jelson, and Patric Ray. 
They took one Roberts and Howe, and one John Beaman, a Nortlifield 
man. They took from our men several guns ; about six men escaped and 
got away well. At a place called Cold Spring, below fort Dummer, a num- 
ber of Indians run upon twelve men. Again, July 4, 1746, about twelve 
ambushed the road to Mr. Hinsdale's mill ; about thirty miles from the mill, 
the Indians shot upon the front of them. It is supposed they did not know 
what number of men there was. They wounded one Moses Wright, shot 
off two of his fingers. The men pursued them and they fled. Our men 
recovered all their packs, so they were forced to flee off naked. 

July 28, 1746. A small number of about twelve or sixteen Indians lay 
several days at Colerain, near Hugh Morrison's fort, to watch the motion of 
the people, and this morning David Morrison went out little more than gun 
shot from the fort in order to shoot a hawk, and these Indians ran upon him 
and took him and led him off captive. August 6, 1746. At Winchester, 
across the way over against Benainon Meeting House, lay an ambush, as 
it is supposed, of about twenty Indians ; and several of our men had busi- 

1848.] Indian Wars. 20U 

ne?s to pass by not knowing of the ambush, while the Indians tired on them 
and shot two of them ; in the shot one of them named Roger killed the oth- 
er named Amasa Wright, being one leg shot through part of his neck, re- 
covered himself and got up and made his escape with the rest of the men. 
The Indians tired thick after them but they all got off alive, only said Roger. 
About the same time a small number of Indians ambushed the road at the 
lower Ashuelot and a number of our men were passing* along that way. 
Just as they came near the Indians they turned out of the path and the In- 
dians seeing them, supposing they were discovered, and that the English 
were rounding them in, rose up and tied through thick and thin, and then 
our men saw them a flying. They gave them chase, but the Indians out- 
ran and escaped them, and there was no " spile dunne on nary side." Au- 
gust 13. This day I have heard of another onset at No. 4. According to 
the best light I can get there was about three hundred French and Indians 
that came into the town of No. 4, the 27th day of July being a Sabbath day, 
and fought thirty hours in the town and burnt their mill and all their houses, 
save one that stood near the fort, and killed all their cattle and all the troop- 
ers' horses and all the doctors in the town, (there must be some mistake in 
this word. S. "W. W.,) but one man lost in the whole fight. I ha'nt heard 
as they are certain that they killed any of the Indians, and at the same time 
I heard that the 11th day of August one of Wright's sons of Northfield was 
riding out to a pasture some distance from the town he was shot by the In- 
dians into one side, and the bullet came out at his other shoulder. His 
■ brought him in alive, but he died in the night about one o'clock. 

August 1"), 1746. Near the city of Albany a company of men went out, 
as I have heard, to get some fresh meat. Tiny were at their return shot 
upon by the enemy, and eight were killed down upon the spot and two 
wounded so that one of them died the next day. 

August 17, 174G. At Winchester I hear that John Simmons being at 
some distance from the fort was -hot at by several Indian-, lie not being 
wounded turned upon them and fired and dropt one Indian. Our men af- 
terward- went there and found blood and one blanket, so that it looked like- 
ly that he was killed. 

August 22nd, 174G. Between Deerfield and Colerain, about ten men 
being a travelling the road were shot upon. One Bliss, one of Capt llol- 
- Idlers, was killed. 

An. LSI 25th, 1710. In the southwest corner of Deerfield meadows a 
number of Indians came upon our men at work, killed and scalped Samuel 
All«'u. Eleazer Hawks, and one of Capt 1 1 * > 1 - < » ? » V- e ildiers named Jillet, and 
two of tin,' widow Amsden's children, taken captive, one boy of Samuel Al- 
len's and chopped a liatehet info the brains of on*' of his girls. They are in 
hope-; that die will recover. One man killed one of the Indians, who got 
one gun f' rom them and lost three gun- by them. 

August •')<>. 17 1"'.. A post this day returned to and from fort Massachu- 

and brings us news that the fori was taken and burnt to ashes, and we 

learn here as there is one man escaped. I am in some hopes that 

there are some that are taken captive and gone to Canada, and so I a' nt 

altogether without hopes of seeing some of them again. 

8 pt 11, 171*;. I saw a letter wrote by Mr. Norton at Hoosick after 
the fort was taken, and he says that they were besieged by seven hundred 
French and Indians, and they being brought to a great strait, the enemy pre- 
pared a vast quantity of faggots in order to burn down the fort by force, but 
i General came to them for capitulation, and told them if they 

210 Luther Waite, Esq. [April, 

would resign up the fort he would treat them all well and carry them to Can- 
ada ; that they should be redeemed as soon as there was any opportunity, and 
if not he would kill them all. And so they resigned up the fort, and lost but 
one man, named Norton, and had two wounded, and so all the rest are gone 
to Canada. He says they are all well used by the enemy. The 3d week 
in October, 174G, fourteen men were killed and taken captive. March 30, 
1747. A certain number of Indians beset a fort in Mary's meadow called 
Shaddock's fort. They came up with faggots already fixed and burnt dow r n 
part of the fort, but the folks put out the fire and saved themselves in one of 
the rooms, and lost none of them. It is supposed they killed one or more 
of the Indians. 

April 8, 1747. The fort at No. 4 burnt by a great army, but could not 
take the fort. 

April 16, 1747. Two men killed at Northfield meadow, Nathaniel Dick- 
inson and Asahel Burt. 

For the Register and Journal. 

The Waite family were among the earliest inhabitants of the town of Ips- 
wich. The precise date of their immigration hither, or from what place 
they came, is not known by any who are now resident here. But as early 
as 1684, it is found that one Seargent Thomas Waite petitioned the town 
for the grant of a certain piece of land on which to erect a house for his son 
John ; the birth of which son is found by the town records to have been in 
the year 1658, thus placing the family among the first who settled in this 

The above named John Waite (according to a register prepared by the 
subject of this notice) was married to Katharine Carrol in 1685, by whom 
he had five sons and one daughter. Jonadah Waite was their fourth son, 
and w r as married to Hannah Adams in 1725, by w T hom he had two sons, 
John and Benjamin. John Waite, their eldest son, was married to Miss 
Sarah Kimball in 1749, by whom he had one son and one daughter, whose 
names were John and Sarah. John Waite, their son, was married to Eu- 
nice Hale of Newbury, in 1773, by w r hom he had three sons, named John, 
Hale, and Joseph. He afterward married, for his second wife, Judith Hale, 
by whom he had a daughter and a son. 

Joseph Waite, their third son, was married in 1803, to Miss Rebecca 
Dodge, by whom he has had seven sons and three daughters. 

Luther Waite, their sixth child and fourth son, was born Feb. 14, 1814, 
and died at the house of his father, Oct. 20, 1847, aged 33 years, 8 months, 
and 6 days. 

As a son his filial affection was characterized by tenderness and intensity. 
When he found that the unyielding hand of disease was upon him, and that 
he must soon go down to the grave, no thought connected with earth gave 
him so much pain as that he could not have the privilege of smoothing the 
path of his aged parents as they walked down the rugged steeps of declining 

As a brother he was distinguished for an ardent and disinterested devotion 
to the interests of those to whom he sustained that relation. 

1848.] Passengers for Virginia. '211 

As a friend, he was remarkable for Lis frankness and for the strength of 
his attachments. 

As a neighbor, he was distinguished for generosity and benevolence. The 
poor and the suffering ever found in him a friend ready to sympathize with 
them and to extend to them a helping hand ; and among no class is his loss 
more deeply felt, than among those who feel the withering hand of poverty, 
and the cold storms of winter upon them ; for in him they have lost one 
whose presence ever brought cheerfulness to their hearts, even amidst their 
sufferings. The blessing of the poor was upon him while living, and their 
tears were shed around his bier. 

As a man of business, he was prompt, energetic and honorable in all his 
dealings. As a citizen, he was prominent and efficient in whatever per- 
tained to the interests of the community ; and several of the most useful 
public buildings in tins town stand as monuments to his persevering devo- 
tion to her interests. Common schools found in him a devoted and efficient 
friend and supporter. The last public act of his life was devoted to their 
interests. From a child he manifested a deep interest in antiquarian re- 
searches, and no one was probably better acquainted with the early history 
of the Ipswich settlement. As an antiquary and historiographer, he prom- 
ised much ; and by his death the Register and Journal has lost an able cor- 
respondent, and the N. E. H. G. Society a worthy member. Though, like; 
too many young men, he had neglected the important subject of personal 
religion, yet when he saw death approaching, and finding himself unpre- 
pared to meet it, he, with deep penitence for the past, and unfeigned con- 
trition, threw himself at the foot of the cross, and trusting in atoning blood, 

far as mortals could perceive, died in peace. 

L. It. Thayer. 

Ipswich, Mass., Jan. 24, 1843. 


We are again enabled to lay before our readers a list of early emigrants 
in Virginia It has just been received from our correspondent in London, 
II. (.. Somerby, Esq., but of the precise locality of the original record, he 
not advise OS. It is probably from the same source as that we gave in 
the last No. of the Register; (pages 112 and llo,) namely, the records "in 
the custody of the Blaster of the Roll.-." 

Tin-.- passengers, though they -hipped to iro to Virginia, it is quite prob- 
able that many intend, d to come to New England. It might have been 
difficult for some of them to have obtained permission to come here, while 
no objection might be made to their going to Virginia. Were we t<» entei 

into an examination of the llSl we doubt not we eould show pretty conclu- 
sively that a large number of the persons named in it were not long after 

found in New England. At pre8en1 we can only draw attention to the fol- 
lowing names: — Arthur "Peach was here in 1637, and in the war against 
the Pequots. And though he turned out to be a wretch, committed murder 

and Kited in 1638, Winthrop Bays he was "a young man ol 

family." There was a Thomas Arnold at Watertown, L640. John Northy, 
Marblehead, 1648; Thomas Hall, Cambridge, 1648. Thomas Bulkely, 
I ; Rowley, L643. This ii a mere glance at a few of the 

nam«-, and we do not pretend that they are the same individuals as those 


Passengers for Virginia, 


represented on our list, 
so. — Ed. 

Some we think are, and others may prove to be 

15 th May 1635. These under written names are to Virginea : imbarqued 
in the Plaine Joan, Richard Buckam M r the pties having brought attesta- 
tion of their conformitie to the orders & disipline of the church of England. 

Robert Briers, 
Jn°. Johnson, 
Robert Coke, 
Jo : Alsopp, 
W m Piggott, 
W m Toplyf, 
Tho : Arnold, 
W m Paulson, 
Jo : Northin, 
Tho: Turner, 
Jo : Beddell, 
Jo : Barrowe, 
Jo : Trent, 
Jo: Coker, 
Henrie Donoldson, 
W m Lavor, 
Chri : Davies, 
Chri : Taylor,' 
Daniell Clark, 
Richard Day, 
Robert Lewis, 
Luke Bland, 
Jo : Warren, 
James Ward, 
Tho : Stamp, 
Tobias Frier, 
Willm : Steddali, 
Chri : Thomas, 
Richard Fleming, 
Mathew Lem, 
Henry Perpoynt, 
Tho: Hall, 
Edward Wilson, 
Jo : Palliday, 
Richard Wolley, 
Willm Clark, ' 
W m Baldwinn, 
W m Collins, 
Tho : Pitcher, 
Joseph Nelson, 
Francis Gray, 
Samuell Young, 




Robert Hutt, 



Jo: Raddish, 



Tho : Bulkley, 



Robert Brooke, 



Richard Downes, 



Arthur Peach, 



W ra James, 



Tym Blackett, 



Roger Koorbe, 



Ann Perks, 



Tho: Britton, 



W m Collins, 



Jo : Resburne, 



Henry Jackson, 



Charles- McCartie, 



Owen McCartie, 



Charles Flane, 



Richard Lawrence, 


Tho : Godbitt, 



Nic° Kent, 



Thomas Newman, 



Peter Sudburrowe, 



Tho: Lloyd, 



W ra Hitchcock, 



Francis Barber, 



Edward Wheeler, 



James Miller, 



Jo : Shawe, 



Jo : Marshall, 



Jo : Aris, 



Robert Ward, 



Tho : Viper, 



Robt Shinglewood, 



Geo. Smith, 



Jo : Hughes, 



Geo. Talbott, 



Robert Gilbert, 



Jo: Bennet, 



Jo : Rolles, 



James Wynd, 



Jn° Marsh, 



Ralph Wray, 


1848.] Epitaphs. 213 


[Extracted from the collection published by Mr. William Thaddeus Harris, member of 
the X Eng. IIi.>t.. Genealogical Society] 

" Go where the ancient pathway guides, 

v where our sires laid down 
Their Bmiling babes, their cherished brides. 

The patriarchs of the town ; 
Hast thou a tear for buried love ? 

A righ for transient power 1 
All that a century left above, 

Go. read it in an hour." Holmes. 


hie est corpus 

Caboli Ciiaix( j:i 

S. S. Theologia) Baccalaur : 


Collegii Ilarvardini nov-Angl. 

Per XVII annorum spatium, 

prsesidia vigilantissimi, 

viri plane integerrimi, 

concionatoris eximii, 


pariter ae liberali eruditione 


Qui obiit in Domino Feb. XIX. 

An. Dom. M.DC. LXX.I. 

et aetatis suae, LXXX.II. 

Memento te esse mortalem. 

Fogit Horn. 

Here lies y r body of THOMAS 

FOSTER Aged39 y" Dec' L 

Octob r 28 1G79. 

Qualie vita, Finis ita. 
i [ere lyes inhumd y c 

body of P£B< fVALL 

< . i;].i.x who dyed July 
10* Anno £Stath 25 
Annoq. Christi 1 68 1. 

Sere lyeth intered 
y' body of Majob Gi v <"'. 


departed this life 
L9 of March 

ec buried II \\\ \n Hi • 

BSB1 \' loving wife Of -I LME8 

214 Epitaphs. [April, 

Hubert a tender & loving 

Mother to his children. 

Careful of their souls 

& bodies loving & faith 

full diligent and prudent 

who departed this life 

in sweet peace the 24 day 

of November 1690 

Aged about 48. 

Here lyeth buried the 
Body of Mr. Jonas Clark 
Ruling Elder of [y e ] Church 

of Christ in Cambridg 

Deceased y e 11 of January 

1699 and JEtat. 80. 

Memento Fugit 

mori. Hora. 

Hoc caespite velaf* Joanes 
Wainwright Fran. Wainwright 

Ipsv. Arm = Fili', Acad. Harv. 

Cantabr-Nov = Angl. Alumn. tantum 

non graduat. optima? Spei Juvenis 

Animam Religione matutina 


In Jesu sinum expiravit 

Sept. XXV. An: Dom: MDCCVin. 


Vivit post Funera Virtus. 

Sub hoc depositum 

est Josephi Parsons 

Corpus, Collegii Harvardini 

Alumni, sed non graduati, 

Bona? Indolis & spei viri 

Qui e vivis cessit 

Oct. 31 MDCCXXII, JEtat. 30. 

Here lyes y e body 

of Jose Appleton, 

son of y e Rev d - M B - 

Nathaniel Appleton, 

& M RS> Margaret his 

wife who dec d- June 

6 th 1723. Aged about 3 M°- 

Marcy Appleton 

Died July 4 th 

1733 in y e 6 th 

Month of 

her age. 

Children of y e Rev d - M K - Nath 1 - 
Appleton & M 9 - Margar t - his wife. 

John Appleton 

Died May 22 d - 

1730 aged 

2 Months. 

1848.] Receipts. 215 

Here lyes buried y e body of 

M R3, Abigail Monis, consort 

to M R * Judaii Monis ; (Hebrew 

Instructer in Harvard College) 

who departed this life 

Octo r - y e 27 th - 1760. in y e 

ti" th - year of her age. 

Caroli Cutter, 
Ammi BuHAJLfi Cutter, medici 

in Neohantonia Celebris, 

optima; spei Juvenis, 

II annum apud Collegium 


Sure autem aetatis XVI, 

agentis ; 

Lacu Cantabrigiensi 

casu submersi, 

Die XXII Octobris, 

anno Salutis MDCCLXXIX, 


in hoc tumulo reconditoa, 

in diem 

Resurrectionis reservantur. 

In memory of 

Miss Sarah Tappax 

Dan* of Rev. David 

& Mrs. Mart Tappax 

who died May 15 


aged 18 years & 4 mo 8 - 

Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy Youth. 

[The following receipts are copied from the original book kept by Samuel Bewail, tbc 
I rarer of the Society for Propagating the (Jo-pel among the Indians in New England. 
The hook i- owned by Dr. Daniel Gilbert of Boston, member of the New England Hist 
Gen. Society.] 

!'. .-ton of the Massachusetts, Nov. 10, 1708. Rec* of Samuel Sewall 
Two Bedblanketa for my honoured Parents: and one Engl. Bible, six Engl. 
Primers, and a Qnire of Paper, I Bay Hoc' 1 , pr me. 

S \MI II. Mill I ! I 

November 23, 1708. Bee*. of Sam 1 Sewall for (apt. Thomas Waban 
fourty eight jhila for James Speeo Eighteen, John Wamsquon Eighteen ; 
and in consideration of my labor with tbem f four pounds; Eight pounds four 
shillings all, with an Order on ('apt. Fitch for Ten Blankets. I - Eb c 

pr D JOHK Flf in i:. 

Nov*. 23, IT' 1 - B . of Bamnel Sewall Three pounds formy salary 
to the 28th of October la~t ; and an order on Cant Tho. Fitch tor Six 
Blankets for Six Indiana at Punkapog. 1 say Beer pr me. 

Thou la Swift. 

21G Psalm. [April, 

[The following is the first Psalm in Sternhold and Hopkins's version, edition of 1G71] 

The man is blest that hath not bent 

to wicked read his ear : 
Nor led his life as sinners do, 

nor sate in scorners chair. 

But in the law of God the Lord 

doth set. his whole delight : 
And in that law doth exercise 

himself both day & night. 

lie shall be like the tree that grows 

fast by the river side : 
"Which bringeth forth most pleasant fruit 

in his due time & tide : 

"Whose leaf shall never fade or fall, 

but nourish still and stand : 
Even so all things shall prosper well 

that this man takes in hand. 

So shall not the ungodly men, 

they shall be nothing so : 
But as the dust which from the earth 

the wind drives to & fro. 

Therefore shall not the wicked men 

in judgement stand up right : 
Nor yet the sinners with the just, 

shall come in place or sight. 

For why ? the way of godly men 

unto the Lord is known, 
And eke the way of wicked men 

shall quite be overthrown. 

God will give women causes just, 

to magnifle his Name : 
"When as his people triumphs make, 

& purchase bruit & fame. 

For puissant kings for all their power 

shall flee & take the soil : 
And women which remain at home 

shall help to part the spoil. 

And though you were as black as pots, 
your hue shall pass the Dove : 

"Whose wings & feathers seem to have 
silver & gold above. 

1848.] Massachusetts Archives. 217 


Under this head in a previous number of this Journal we gave some 
account of the Documents in the Archives of the Commonwealth, made 
accessible by the labors of the Rev. Air. Felt. It had long been known 
that invaluable treasures were contained among the papers in the Sec- 
retary's Office, but to find a particular paper having a bearing on any 
given subject was an almost hopeless undertaking. They are now put 
into volumes ready fur indexes, which, when prepared, will make the 
collection of incalculable value to students in History, Biography, Ge- 
nealogy, and a large variety of other topics. 

To the original collection of Documents at the State House, a valua- 
ble accession has been lately made from France, under the supervision 
of Benjamin Perley Poore, Esq., of Newbury. It appears that Mr. 
Poore had undertaken to make a collection from the various French ar- 
chives in 1*44, on private account; and in 1845, he received a com- 
mission from the governor of Massachusetts to proceed in the matter, 
under the authority of the State. On the 1st of December last, the 
8 vtary of the Commonwealth made a communication to the governor 
upon the subject, from which we make the following extracts: — 

•• Sir, I hive the honor to report to your excellency that ien folio volumes 
of manuscript copies from the French offices of documents illustrative of the 
colonial and provincial history of Massachusetts and of New England, to- 
gether with a numerous collection of maps, prints, and pictorial illustrations 
of great curiosity and interest, have been deposited in this office by Mv. B. 
P. Poore, appointed to this service by your excellency under the authority 
of the resolve of 1845, chap. «J." 

" It is believed that the ten volumes procured by Mr. Poore for Ms. con- 
tain more matter than the srrcntccn copied by Mr. Brodhead in Paris, in 
addition to the numerous drawings, engravings, printed papers, and maps. 
It is impossible for any one who has not made thorough personal examina- 
the French archives, to say that the transcripts of Mr. Poore con- 
thin^ from that source which would be useful for the purpose 
contemplated by the general court in establishing hi-- agency. But the col- 
m hear- the amplest testimony to his diligence and skill and judgment 

in investigation; and the execution is of unsurpassed beauty. lie has also 
done more than would have Satisfied his contract — the uniform transcrip- 
ts m in bis own hand-writing, and tic illustrations executed with no little 
I • and finish being so much beyond what was engaged for, and several 

01 the rare maps and Other print- having been procured at heavy expense. 

Tic- most cursory inspection will show that Massachusetts has been emi- 

i ly fortunate in her agent, and, through his labors, baa made an addition 

ceding value to the stores of historical knowledge." 

Thus it i- in the highesl degree gratifying toobseTvethe onward progn 

of Massachusetts in the most important matter of well laying the foundation 

of her history, lor which, probably, no State in the Union bas BO lull and 

complete materials; yet there is much to he done. Let it he remembered, 

cially by legislators, that innumerable manuscripts are scattered in the 

•US tOWnf of the commonwealth, even town and paridi records, thai 


218 Notes on the Will of Richard Hills. [April, 

wasting and going to decay, and that they ought, without loss of time, to 
authorize something like a tt Record Commission," whose duty it should be 
to visit all towns, and families, if necessary, to secure copies, or originals, if 
practicable, of all valuable historical records and papers, at least of those 
before the year 1700. Until this is done, their work is but begun. Copies 
of town and parish records, wills, settlements of estates, deeds and other le- 
gal papers, should most unquestionably be deposited in the archives of the 
State. Every year will show more clearly the necessity of such an under- 
taking, while every year will add to the difficulty of its being done. Much 
has been appropriated to procure documents from foreign countries. This 
is well, and we highly approve of it ; but should those of far greater value 
and interest be left to moulder in garrets and cellars at home ? Those who 
come after us will judge us in this matter. Let us prepare for their verdict. 


In the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, published in 
January, 1848, there are some abstracts of the earliest wills in the county 
of Suffolk, Mass. The first will in the first volume of Suffolk Probate Rec- 
ords, is a nuncupative one of Richard Hills, incorrectly written lies, and 
still more incorrectly printed, in the Register, Eles. The suppression of 
the aspirated iJin pronunciation probably led to the first mistake. 

This Richard Hills was a cooper, and in 1638, he was admitted an inhab- 
itant of Charlestown, with liberty "to buy a house and follow his trade, 
without any accommodation of land or otherwise." Whether he was the 
same person as " Richard Hill of New Haven, in 1639," is not known. He 
deceased the 29th of the 8th month, (October,) 1639, perhaps at Winne- 
semet. Mr. Joseph Hills, who became an inhabitant of Charlestown at the 
same time, was selectman in 1644, and was afterwards representative, cap- 
tain of the Maiden band, and one of the chief men of Maiden ; was proba- 
bly the elder brother of Richard Hills. 

A year or two ago my attention was drawn to the will of Richard Hills 
by the discovery of my own family name therein ; and, in my hitherto un- 
successful attempts to trace the parentage of one of my own ancestors, I 
have been induced to make some researches into the history of the persons 
of the same name, who were the legatees of Richard Hills. These persons 
were his cousins Thomas, William, Anthony, John, and Daniel Harris, and 
Mrs. Anne Maverick ; and the following is a brief summary of what has 
been collected relative to them. 

Elizahktii Harris, widow, who became the wife of Deacon William 
Stitson of Charlestown, and died Feb. 16, 1669-70, aged 93 years, was 
their mother. The name of their father is unknown to me. Deacon Stit- 
son, in his will made April 12, 1688, named John Harris, Tbomas Harris, 
William Harris, Daniel Harris, and Anne Maverick, relict widow of Elias 
Maverick, as the children of his first wife. William Harris, son of Eliza- 
beth, is known to have had a house-lot assigned to him, and to have lived a 
short time at Rowley, Mass., where persons named John, Thomas, and 
Daniel Harris, also had house-lots assigned at or about the same time ; and 
l.ence I infer that the last three individuals, found at Rowley, were the 
bi others of William and the sons of Elizabeth above named. 

Anthony Harris, (son of Elizabeth,) was a member of the Artillery 

1848.] Notes on the Will of Richard Hills. 219 

Company in 1G44, and belonged to Ipswich in 1048. He was of AVinnese- 
met, (Chelsea,) in 1651, and there made his will, 23, 2, 1651, wherein he 
named his wife Elizabeth, and his brothers Daniel Harris, Thomas Harris, 
and Elias Maverick. He died 30, 10, 1651. His will was presented for 
probate by Mr. Joseph Hills of Maiden ; and his property was appraised by 
William Stitson and Elias Maverick. It is not known whether he left any 

Anne HARRIS, (daughter of Elizabeth,) became the wife of Elias Mav- 
erick of Charlestown, whom she survived, and by whom she had Joh?i, Ab- 
igail, and other children. 

John Harris, (supposed son of Elizabeth,) was made freeman May 20, 
17 47. He settled at Rowley, Mass., where a house-lot was assigned to him 
10, 11, 1643—4. According to Mr. Felt, in Farmer's Register, he was a 
"cousin of the Rev. N. Rogers of Ipswich, and had children, Ezekiel. Na- 
thaniel, John, and Mary." His first wife's name was Bridget. Their son 
John was born at Rowley, 8, 8, 1(349. They had also a son Thomas, born 
there 8, 7, 1651, and a son Timothy, born 9, 1, 1657. His second wife, 
Alice, survived him. She was named in his will, proved March 27, 1095, 
and also his eldest son Nathaniel, sons John and Timothy, daughter Man/ 
Allen, and grandson John, son of Nathaniel. Some of his posterity long 
remained in Rowlev. 

ThOXAS Hakim-, (supposed son of Elizabeth,) was a fisherman in Ips- 
wich, in 1636 and 1048. A house-lot was assigned to him in Rowley ad- 
jacent to that of John Harris, 10, 11, 1043-4; but he does not appear to 
have lived there, and he sold his Rowley lands in 1052. His wife was 
Martha, probably a daughter of Mrs. Margaret Lake, of Ipswich. He 
made his will July 10, 1687, and the witnesses to it were sworn Sept. 14th 
following. Therein he named hi- wile Martha, and his sons John, William, 
and JLbcnezer. His son William was born at Ipswich, Dec. 12, 1004. 

William Harris, (son of Elizabeth,) had a house-lot granted to him in 
Rowley, adjacent to the lot of John Harris, 10, 11, 1G43-4. His wife 
••K<<iy" or EDITH was admitted to the church at Charlestown, in 1 042. 
They removed to Rowley before 1040, and their daughter Mary was born 
there 1. 1. 1645[— 6?]. William Harris bought land in Maiden of his 
"father-in-law, Win. Stitson," and -old the same 12, 4, 1052, his wife 
u Edee" relinquishing dower. At that time he seems to have been living 
in Charlestown, where he wai also in L 653, and was called "yeoman." He 
bought a house and land in Hartford, Conn., of William Williams, April 

16, L659. Subsequently he removed to Middletown, where "Eudith," his 
"wife," "departed this life August 5, 1685." .Mr. William Hani- is -aid 

to have died in 1717. at an advanced ag '. lb- dors not seem to have bad 
an . and no record of the birth- of his daughter-, exeept of Mary, th< 

eldest, has found. Their names, however, are known by sundry deeds 

of • QVeyed to them by their lather, in his life-time, in 1668 

L 671, and 1678, and also by the probate records, where some of their Dan i 

:. They were .Mary, Bfartha, Elizabeth, Hannah, and Patience. 
Mi. ,/ was married first to .John "Ward of Middletown, and secondly to John 
I Gilbert, whom also she survived. By her first husband she bad John, I 665, 
Andrew, 1667, Esther, L669, Mary, L672, William, 1674, Sane;. 

and another who died in Infancy. Martha was married to William I 
New London. /.' i : ibethWBM married to Kdward Foster of Middle! 

Hannah was married, Feb. 8, 1654—5, to tdeui Francis Wetmoreof Mid- 
dletown, and had ten children, the oldest of whom WSJ named Edith. '! 

220 Notes on the Will of Richard Hills. [April, 

child, " Edith, daughter of Lieut. Francis TTetmore, late of Middletown, 
dec d ., and granddaughter of William Harris, late of the same town, de- 
ceased, aged 10 years, on the 9th of Sept., 1700." Patience, the fifth 
daughter of Mr. William Harris, married Daniel Markham of Middletown. 
On the 3d of August, 1722, there was a distribution of property of William 
Harris, deceased, to the " heirs of Mary Gilbert, deceased, to heirs of Mar- 
tha Coit, deceased, to Elizabeth Foster, Hannah Whitmore, and Patience 

Daniel Harris, (supposed son of Elizabeth,) had a house-lot assigned 
to him in Rowley, very soon after the first assignment of lots in 1G44. He 
was a carpenter and wheelwright, and carried on these trades in Rowley. 
By his wife, Mary, he had ten children ; namely, Mary, born at Rowley, 
2, 2, 1651; Daniel, born at Middletown, Conn., July 15, 1G53 ; Joseph, 
Feb. 12, 1654-5 ; Thomas, May 20, 1657 ; Elizabeth, March 22, 1659- 
60 ; Sarah, Feb. 17, 1660-1, and died in infancy ; Sarah, Sept. 30, 1663 ; 
William, July 17, 1665; John, Jan. 4, 1667-8; and Hannah, Feb. 11, 
1669-70. On the 10th and 21st of August, 1652, Daniel Harris, then of 
Rowley, sold his lands there and probably soon afterwards removed to Con- 
necticut. In the latter colony he held the office of military captain ; and he 
was licensed as an inn-holder in Middletown in 1659. " Capt. Daniel Har- 
ris departed this life the last of November, 1701." "Mary, the widow of 
Capt. Daniel Harris, departed this life Sept. 5, 1711." 

Daniel Harris, (son of Capt. Daniel and Mary Harris,) of Middletown, 
Conn., was also a military captain. He was married, Dec. 14, 1680, to 
Abigail Barnes. They had the following children, all born in Middletown ; 
namely, Abigail, born Feb. 7, 1682-3 ; Mary, Jan. 11, 1685-6 ; Daniel, 
Oct. 2, 1688; Joseph, March 1, 1690-1; and Patience, May 15, 1693. 
The following inscription was copied from a stone in Middletown burying- 
ground : — 

t: Here lies one dead, which, in her life, 

Was my loveing pious wife 

Abigail Harris, died May 22, 1723." 

Capt. Daniel Harris married secondly, Elizabeth Cook, widow of Samuel 
Cook of Wallingford, Jan. 5, 1726-7. He died, as appears by his grave- 
stone, Oct. 18, 1735, in the 83d year of his age. 

Mary Harris, (daughter of Capt. Daniel, sen.,) was married to Isaac 
Johnson. She died before June 5, 1714, (when her mother's property 
was distributed,) leaving a husband and surviving children. 

Joseph Harris, (2d son of Capt. Daniel, sen.,) probably died young, as 
he was not named in his father's will. 

Thomas Harris, (3d son of Capt. Daniel, sen.,) married first, " Zeppo- 
ra" or "Zipporeth," who "departed this life Jan. 8, 1688-9," aged 21, 
and was buried in Middletown, where there is an inscription to her memo- 
ry. Thomas Harris was married secondly, to " Tabatiia," by whom he 
had a daughter Mary, born Aug. 25, 1695, and died Nov. 1, 1712. " Thom- 
as Harris departed this life Aug. 22, 1700," and his wife, " Tabatha Harris 
departed this life Jan 23, 1711-12." 

Elizabeth Harris, (2d daughter of Captain Daniel, sen.,) was married 

to IIunnewell, and died before June 5, 1714, leaving heirs, one 

of whom was a daughter Abiel. (Query, Abihail ?) 

Sarah Harris, (the 4th daughter of Capt. Daniel, sen.,) was married 
to Samuel Bidwell, by whom she had a daughter Thankful, named in 
her father's will. Mrs. Sarah Bidwell died before June 5, 1714. Her 
husband survived her. 

1848.] Notices of New Publications. 221 

William Harris, (4th son of Capt. Daniel, sen.,) was living June 5, 

Jonx IIaukis. (5th son of Capt. Daniel, sen.,) lived in Middletown. He 
was married, March L8, L702-3, to S us ANN ah Collins, By her he had 
children, Sarah, born dan. 9, L703-4; Ja/ic, Sept. 23, L705 ; and Rachel, 

June 22, L707. Susannah, Ins wile, died Feb. 1<>, 17-17-S; and he was 
married secondly, to Mllndwell Lyman of Durham, May 1 1, L749. '• Mr. 
John Harris departed this life Nov. 29, 1754." "Mrs. MindweU Harris, 
widow of Mr. John Harris, die' 1 ., died Feb. 5, 1758." 

Hannah Harris, (.3th daughter of Capt Daniel, >m..) was married 

first, to Cook, who died before June o, 1714, at which date she 

had a second husband named Spbague. 

Many of the facts relating to this family in Connecticut, have been kindly 
communicated by N. Goodwin, Esq. of Hartford, and Prof. J. Johnston of 
Middletown, Conn. The name of Harris was rather common in New Eng- 
land, even at an early period after the settlement. Considerable pains have 
been taken to collect and obtain authentic accounts of the persons bearing 
it, among whom arc William and Thomas Harris of Providence, R. I., re- 
specting whose descendants pretty full accounts are now before me ; Arthur 
Harris of Bridgewater, whose family is given by Judge Mitchell in the His- 
tory of Bridgewater, wanting, however, in some account of Arthur's son 
Samuel ; Walter Harris of Weymouth, Mass., the ancestor of the family at 
New London, Conn ; of most of the persons of this name in Charlestown, 
and of some in Boston, Mass ; and less full accounts of several more early 
comers. 1 am now preparing to post up the>e accounts, which may hereaf- 
ter be offered for publication in the Register. Meanwhile contributions are 
solicited touching other persons of this name, and particularly relative to the 
parentage ofone Thomas Harris of Boston, butcher, and his history before 
the year 1679. Any thing on this subject prior to this date, will be most 
thankfully received by the subscriber. 

T. W. Hakims. 
Cambridge, Mass., Feb. 25, 1848. 


The Simple Cobler of Agawam, in America. By Rev. Nathaniel 
Ward. Edited by David Polsifer. 12mo. Boston: James MunToe & 
Co. 1843. pp. 96. 

G mine antiquarian taste led Mr. Pnlsifer to bring ont a new edition of the celebrated 
1 by - Father Waul. - ' ami he ha- done a in -<-<»<l taste and -i\ It- It is one <>f the 

few books of the time that acquired great fame on account of the real abilities of its 
author. It consequently passed through many editions, and the one now before us is far 
: w> any of its predecessors. We Bay preferable ; it is bo, inasmuch as the i ditor 

illation of the different editions, ami brought into this the whole matter, 
whei of the editions contained passages or addenda not in the others. 

ii k will not only he found interesting to the antiquary hut to the w '" ral reader 
of modern books. I ityle is captivating though antique, and 
witty andcuriov rations. The queer title-page of the edition of 1643 

A twain in America. Willing to help, i 
I lamentably tattered, both in the upper-Leathei Ie, with all the I 

stitch er to be paid for his work 

patch all th«- year long '1 herefore I pray Gcntlci 

your pun b, By Tht ■ ■■ ■ th ! ' (.mini, j ■ duu nr tenia 

consilia tutissima $unt. Cic In English 

222 Notices of Neiu Publications. [April, 

When boots & shoes are tome up to the lefts, 
Coblers must thrust their awles up to the hefts. 

This is no time to feare Jlpdles gramm : 

Ne Sutor quidem ultra crepidam. 

London, Printed by J. D. & R. I. for Stephen Bowtell, at the signe of the Bible in Popes 
Head- Alley, 1647." 

History of the Town of Groton, including Pepperell and Shirley, 
[Massachusetts,'] from the First Grant of Groton Plantation in 1655. 
With Appendices, containing Family Registers, Town and State Officers, 
Pcpidation, and other Statistics. By Caleb Butler. 8vo. Boston : 
T. R. Marvin. 1848. pp. 499, maps and plates. 

Many must have an interest in the affairs of the old town of Groton besides those who 
claim to be natives or inhabitants of it. It has from its commencement always been an 
important town, and its sons are scattered far and wide. Some of them, perhaps, in times 
past, thought it no small recommendation to them that they originated there, while in later 
times the residents in it have felt no little pleasure in pointing to the same individuals who 
once belonged to their number, and who now were able in their turn to add to the impor- 
tance of the place of their nativity, by their moral worth and high standing in other places. 
Who now would go out of their way to see Abbotsford had not Walter Scott resided there, 
or to view Stratford had not Shakspeare been born there ? 

It will readily be perceived that we can give our readers very little more than the title of 
a book of 500 pages. We can say to them, however, that Mr. Butler went to his task 
under favorable auspices, and that he has produced a volume of great value. Besides the 
intrinsic value of the matter contained in it, it has all the attractions which an accom- 
plished printer with the best materials could give to it. 

Histories of Towns will be more valued hereafter, probably, for the accounts they con- 
tain of the early inhabitants, than for any thing else which may be found in them. Mr. 
Butler was doubtless pretty well convinced of this fact, as he has devoted above one fifth 
of his work to this subject. As he has drawn up his narrative chiefly from unpublished 
documents, he probably concluded it was unnecessary to give his authorities in notes, yet 
we must confess that for our part we wish he had given such referenced as would have 
shown us where his materials are, or were to be found ; for however well a piece of work 
may be done, it is often gratifying to know where its materials came from. The man who 
cuts down the trees and makes a road into a rough wilderness in a new country deserves 
well of those who come after him ; but if he fills up his path after him, or does not tell us 
where it is to be found, some may draw an unjust inference, and use such circumstance to 
his prejudice. 

Oration Delivered before the New England Society of Cincinnati, on 
the Anniversary of the Landing of the Pilgrims, December 22d, 1847. 
[By the Rev. Mr. Boynton.] Published by the Society. 8vo. Cincin- 
nati. 1848. pp. 32. 

We are aware that to do justice to this Address would be to copy it entire into our 
pages, but as we cannot do this we must content ourself by an extract or two. Mr. Boyn- 
ton commences his Discourse with the following splendid sentiments : 

" The soul cherishes no holier memories, than those which lead us back to our early 
homes, our fathers' graves, and our native land. These recollections gladden, exalt, and 
refine us the more, in proportion as our homes in youth were happy, our ancestors great 
and good, or the deeds and institutions of our country are illustrious. 

" We, the sons and daughters of New England, though neither exiles nor wanderers, 
are yet faraway from the beautiful haunts of our childhood, from the graves of our fathers, 
and from those fields where Americans gathered their first fruits of renown. And though 
we love the new homes which we have built here, and though we regard with pride and 
affection our associate fellow citizens who have come hither to dwell from other portions 
of our common country, I feel that we can incur no censure if we say of our New England 
mother, she was the 'first beloved on earth,' and shall be 'the last forgot.' It implies no 
disparagement of any section of our country, it will bring no reproach upon our manhood 
or womanhood, if we turn to-day with swelling hearts, and moistened eye, and honest 
pride, to the land that holds the Pilgrims' bones." 

1843.] Notices of New Publications. 223 

Letters on the Masonic Institution. By John Quincy Adams. 8vo. 
Boston : T. It. Marvin. 1847. pp. 284. 

This very splendidly executed volume appears to have been a reproduction or resuscita- 
tion of things which Mr. Adams has from time to time given to the pnblic on Free- 
masonry, and seems to have been brought forth at this time through the agency of some 
few gentlemen of this city, who have always taken a lively interest in the subject They 
applied to the author, and got his consent to prepare and preface the matter, several years 

: but owing to other prosing demands upon his time, dl health, and other hindrances 
inseparable from one of his years, up to 1847 he had not been able to comply with the 
wishes ot those gentlemen; and it was finally concluded, hairing the approbation of the 
venerable author, to put the matter into the hands of his son, Charles Francis Adams, Esq. 
A few brief extracts from his introduction to the volume will be all we can find space for. 

"It is now twenty years since there sprung up in the United States an earnest and at 
times a vehement discussion, of the nature and effect of the bond entered into by those 
citizens who join the society of Free and Accepted Masons." Mr. Adams then goes on to 
show that eventually, "the legislative power of some of the states" interposed " to prevent 
the administration of extra-judicial oaths," and that, ''from the moment of the adoption of 
a penal law. deemed strong enough to meet the most serious of the evils complained of, 
the apprehension of further danger from Masonry began to subside. At this day — he 
continues — the subject has ceased to be talked ot. The attention of men has been grad- 
ually diverted to other things, until at last it may be said, that few persons arc aware of 
the fact, that not only Freemasonry continues to exist, but also that other associations, 
partaking of its secret nature, if not of its unjustiliable obligations, not merely live, but 
greatly flourish in the midst of them." 

The prefatory matter of Mr. Adams the younger is quite an extensive affair, and those 
not acquainted with the rise and progress of Masonry in America, the abduction of Capt. 
Morgan, the doings of the Anti-Masons thereupon, and a variety of historical facts in 
relation to these, will lind in it much to interest them. 

The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the 
year 1848. 12mo. James Munroe & Co. 1817. pp. o70. 

We greet the return of this valuable annual with peculiar pleasure. But that it has 
been -o long a companion we could hardly realize, until we were reminded by the figures 
XIX on it< back. Yes, for nineteen years this little periodical has been kept up, and there 
is every appearance that other nineteen years will double its present number. Though it 
was exceedingly valuable in its commencement, it has grown more so throughout its 
course. Our limits will not allow of a notice of its contents, if it were necessary; but it 
is quite unnecessary, as its announcement is its eulogy. Suffice it to say that it contains 
its usual amount of information, beautifully executed in the publishers' neat style. 

Tlir Christian Patriot: Some Recollections of the late Col. Hugh 
Maxwell of Massachusetts. Collected and preserved by a Daughter. 
.. New York. 1833. pp. 139. 

A~ we barn from this little volume, Hugh Maxwell was born in Mintcrburn, Tyrone 
1 Ireland, 27 April, 1783. His father, also named Hugh, being a zealous Protestant, 
determined to emigrate to America. He bad a wife, two sons, and two daughters. The 
time of their arrival in New England is not stated, bul must have been in 1733. Mr. 
on a farm in Bedford, Ms., with his wife and daughters, while "the two 
brothers went to the south." In 1 759, Mr. Maxwell was killed by a fall from bis horse, as 
was supposed He bad four children after he came to New England, mosl of whom lived 
William, the eldest, died at 95, Margaret 'J'J, Hugh G7, Sarah above 90, 
B Jai - ; Thomas 93. 

1 M cwell served live campaigns in theOld French Wars, was among those captured 
by the In l:.m> under Montcalm at Fori Edward, and barely escaped with bis life. Before 

rar he bad attained the rank of Ensign. In 17.')'.) he married Miss Bridget 

iroe of Lexington, by whom he had seven children. In l'T.'t he removed to 

< uiemont, M-.. now Heath; this name being given to that section of the town at the 

well, who had served under Gen. Heath in the revolutionary war. 

' Maxwell was early engaged in the Revolution, and was an active and vigilant 

officer through its \' applied to Congress after the war for hii half-pay ns 

I. . nt -<"<>l<>nel. bul was disappointed ycl like a true patriot be saya, " 1 do not bint nt 

that I have fought many a hard battle for tlii.s country. I do not lament that in Mindiy 

224 Notices of New Publications. [April, 

instances I have suffered almost every tiling hut death in the service of these states, for I 
did my duty like an honest man. Still I did expect the promised reward." 

Owing to misfortunes, Col. •Maxwell found himself in reduced circumstances at this 
time, and in an attempt to improve them he made a voyage to the West Indies, in 1799, 
but was taken sick on his return, and died on the 14th of October of that year, in the 67th 
year of his age. 

A Brief History of the Town of Norfolk, from 1738 to 1844: and a 

Summary of Events and Transactions which have occurred in this Town, 

from its first settlement, chronologically arranged. Faithfully collected 

from the Public Records of the Town and other correct Documents, with 

the dates accurateh/ annexed. To which is added a Description of the 

Town, Incidents, List of Officers, and other interesting matter. By Au- 

ren Roys, Town and Ecclesiastical Society Clerk. 8vo. New York. 

1847. pp. 89. 

The town of Norfolk in Connecticut is comparatively of recent date. It was not incor- 
porated till 1758, though there were 27 families in it at that date, among which there appear 
to have been 44 legal voters. It is among that range of towns which abut on Massachu- 
setts on the north, and it is the third from the line of New York. It probably received its 
name in 1738, some name being necessary to designate the tract of country at that time 
offered for sale. 

Among the 44 voters mentioned above, we notice the names of Palmer, Barber, Richards, 
Turner, Brown, Aspenwall, Cowles, Burr, Mills, Lawrence, Benedict, Baker, Whitney, 
Spalding, Gaylord, Rood, Hotchkiss, Knapp, Pcttibone, Pardice, Case, Dou-d, and Ransom. 

The antiquary may suppose that a book about a town of so recent origin can afford him 
no amusement or instruction, b:H we can assure him that if he will take the trouble to run 
over its pages he will find himself mistaken. It is very well written and well arranged, 
and we hope the inhabitants of Norfolk are aware of their obligations to Mr. Roys for his 

One thing we should note, as well for the benefit of others as for Mr. Roys. He has not 
told us, in his title-page, of what Norfolk he proposes to give the history. We have several 
authors in our mind's eye who have made similar omissions. 

Historical Annals of Dedham, from its settlement in 1635, to 1847. By 
Herman Mann. 8vo. pp. 13G. 

It was said of Sir Walter Raleigh of old, that although "his History of the World was 
a wonder of the age, yet considering the helps he had, he could hardly have done less ;" 
and thus we might discourse upon the performance before us. 

The form of Annals seems to be well adapted to local histories. Mr. Felt's and Mr. 
Lewis's works are proof of this. Dcdham has been remarkably favored with historians 
and annalists, and before Mr. Mann undertook his labors, a large number of works had 
been published upon the rise and progress of that ancient town. There is a history by 
Erastus Worthington ; able discourses, scarcely less comprehensive, upon its history, 
ecclesiastical and civil. Among the latter, those of Mr. Haven, (1836,) since Librarian to 
the Antiquarian Society, and the Rev. Alvan Lamson, D. D., are of great value. To 
these Mr. Mann acknowledges himself largely indebted. That therefore, if any question 
arise as to the value of the work under notice, it can only be in regard to the manner the 
author has employed his materials. It is our opinion he has used them judiciously. He 
tells us, too, that he has used the original records of the town, and rumaged a multiplicity 
of old papers, and that "every precaution has been taken to guard against errors." 

Valuable aid has been furnished Mr. Mann by a gentleman, whose name, we are 
confident, is a sufficient guarantee for whatever he undertakes. "The list of natives of 
Dedham avIio have graduated at colleges, was furnished by Dr. D. P. Wight, one of their 
number, who has spared no pains to have it correct ; also, the complete lists of town clerks 
and selectmen since the incorporation of the town." 

Our space scarcely allows a line for extracts, hut we must intrench here a little to make 
room for an amusing collection of antique names and places, with which we think our 
readers, like ourself, cannot fail to he pleased. The author says : 

" The locality of numerous places alluded to in the early records, before the construction 
of roads to any great extent in the town, have in many instances become lost to the 
present generation. These have been sought out and briefly stated ; by which it will 
appear, that although it looks formidable on paper, the journey is but short from 'Wigwam 
pond,' along the ' Ridge hill,' through ' Wigwam swamp,' across the 'Country road' near 
the ' Wolf pit,' thence over 'Ragged plain' to 'Green Lodge' or 'Purgatory,' and has 
often been travelled, and may be again with perfect safety." 

1848.] Notices of New Publications. 225 

An Address, delivered in Merrimack, April 3, 1846, at the Centennial 
Celebration of the Incorporation of the Town. By Stephen T. Allen, 
Pastor of the First Church in Merrimack. Boston : Printed by S. N. 
Dickinson & Co. 1846. pp. \'l. 

In the early part of this Address, Mr. Allen gives some account of the Indians who 
inhabited the territory embraced within the town of Merrimack, and the adjacent places. 
He then speaks of the town as a corporation, and of the Church and its Officers, Pastors, 
and Deacons. The first settled Minister was the Rev. Jacob Burnap, D. D. He was born 
in Reading, Ms., Nov. 2. 1748, graduated II. C. 1770, ordained Oct. 14, 1772, and died Dee. 
26. 1821, aged 7-'i. The Kev. Stephen Morse, the second Pastor, was born at Bradford, 
Ms., graduated at I). C. in 1821, ordained July 6, 1825, and dismissed in about three 
years. The present Pastor was installed. May 22. \SlVJ. Mr. Allen gives a list of the 
individuals who have been or now are Deacons of the church, and also a brief biograph- 
ical notice of Jacob McGaw, Esq., Hon. Matthew Thornton. Edward Goldstone Lut- 
wyche. Esq., Dr. Abel Goodrich, and Hon. James B. Thornton, a grandson of Judge 
Thornton. In the Appendix, which contains 22 pages, we have an account of the 
Celebration, a topographical Sketch of the town, a List of individuals from Merrimack 
who have passed through a collegiate course of education, a List of the members of the 
bar who have practised in Merrimack, a List of Physicians in Merrimack, a List of 
Representatives to General Court, and a List of town officers, the Confession of Faith and 
Covenant of the Church, notices of thirty individuals who settled early in the town, and a 
table ot mortality for nineteen years. In this Address and Appendix, Mr. Allen has 
performed a very acceptable and important service for the town and vicinity. 

A Fmieral Sermon on the Death of Mrs. Helena M. Treat, Preached 
at Patsjicbl X. II, Aug 26/A, 1845. By Key. Jonathan Curtis. 
bvo. Published by request Concord. 1846. pp. 11. 

The author of this discourse has been often called upon to perform solemn duties of a 
like nature, through a long Beries of year-, and we scarcely know of one. certainly but one, 
better calculated to add solemnity upon occasions in themselves sufficiently so. Every one 
in a wide region of country in and around the old county of Rockingham would know to 
whom we refer, were we not to name the Lev. Josiah Prentice of Northwood. We know 
not that D. D. has ever been added to hi* name, but this we know, if it has not, we have little 
to say for the justice or intelligence of those whom it may concern. We should do injus- 
tice to Mr. Curtis, perhaps, not to say as much for him. but our apology is, we do not know 
him as well. 13ut we know he is a venerable man. one who has long labored in the work of 
the ministry. We remember to have heard him preach a beautiful discourse on the death 
of a young man of much promise, accidentally killed at Epsom, N. II , above twenty-six 
We believe he was settled in that town as early as 1815. At least we have a 
Fast Sermon by him delivered there in that year. 

Mr. Curtis inform- US that " Mrs. Helena Merlino Treat was the widow of Samuel 
• an officer of the fort (Independence) in Boston harbor. Her father was from a 
distinguished family in France by the name of Bennette Merlino Dc St. Try. who came to 
this country in the days of the Revolution, and was an intimate friend of Lafayette. Her 
mother w Elizabeth Giles, sister of Mrs. Parsons, wife of Kev. Mr. [Moses '.\ 

Parsons, formerly of Newbury, [Byiield '] Ms., father of the late Judge Larsons. Mrs. 
i was born in Boston, August 19th, 177!). Though heiress of a princely fortune, yet 
by the chances of war, and the fraudulent dealings of unprincipled men. she never was 
able to realize but a small portion of it A ship, richly laden, and intended as a present to 
her while a child, was taken on its way to Boston, by the forces under Lord Howe. -Most 

of tie • from her grandparents in France were intercepted by the enemy. 

Of ten thousa n d crowns, sent intrust to the French consul lor her, she never received a 

farthing. And the remainder of her large fortune, being invested in the French funds, 

_ the cfa • the Revolution and the confiscations of Bonaparte, became so 

involved. ; I I - many years of trying litigation and effort, and even by the influence 

and aid of Albert < rallatio and Lafayette, she was able to obtain bul a bd all poi lion ol the 

inheritance, which, of right, -tie should have received. The generous and noble 

Lata-. an early and constant friend of the deceased When visiting ai her tattler's 

i. he used to dandle her upon his knee and carry her in his arms, and when 

he was last in the country, be greatly rejoiced to meet the widowed mother, whom he had 

thus fondly known and caressed in her childhood.' 

W tthor of this discourse 1 d the time oi h of Mrs. 

.-. It was probably but few da; the date of his di 

226 Notices of New Publications. [April, 

Genealogy of the Ancestry and Posterity of Isaac Lawrence. By 
Frederick S. Pease, of Albany. 8vo. Albany. 1848. pp. 20. 

The author of this Genealogy has for some time been an industrious laborer in the field, 
and his work shows that he not only appreciates this kind of literature, but it also shows 
that he is well qualified to pursue it to successful issues. 

John Lawrence of Watertown. Mr. Pease reasonably concludes, came to New Eng- 
land in the company who arrived with Gov. Winthrop in 1630, and finally settled in Gro- 
ton. He had fourteen children, ten of whom were sons. One of these, Enoch, (b. 1649.) 
had a son Daniel, (b. 1681,) who had a son Isaac, (b. 1705,) who is the subject of this 
Genealogy. Concerning him, his removal to Connecticut and settlement there, Mr. Pease 
has a very interesting account. Isaac Lawrence had eleven children. Jonas, the oldest, 
(b. 1728,) had nine children, the youngest of whom, William, (b. 1779,) had also nine 
children, the second of whom, Julia, (b. 18 Sept., 1804,) m. Frederick S. Pease, Esq. 
of Albany. 

Thus we have run through the generations from the first progenitor in this country, 
down to the present, not having space to do more in this place. We hope in due time to 
have a full and complete genealogy of the Lawrence family for the pages of the Register. 

The Massachusetts State Record and Year Booh of General Informa- 
tion, 1848. Edited by Nahum Capen. Vol. II. 12mo. Boston : James 
French. 1848. 

This work now stands alone in place of that old and formerly welcome periodical, the 
Massachusetts Register. Although we are always sorry to part with old friends, especially 
if represented by good paper, good ink and handsome printing, we are glad to find new 
ones, if we cannot at first take them by the hand with the same confidence that we used to 
do the old ones. We Avould in no wise be understood to intimate that we have a less ac- 
curate or more incomplete work than the old one now discontinued; and there is one 
thing which must be set down as a fact not to be lost sight of; namely, that the editor has 
been most assiduously employed in making his work as free from errors as the nature of 
such an undertaking Avill allow ; and so far as we have had the means of knowing, we hes- 
itate not to pronounce " The Massachusetts State Record " one of the most accurate, most 
complete, best arranged, and handsomest works of the kind published in this country. 

The History of Roxbury Town, [Massachusetts.'] By Charles M. 
Ellis. Part I. 8vo. Boston. 1847. pp. 146. 

Many of our friends will be rejoiced to learn that at length something is done for the 
old town of Roxbury. Mr. Ellis appears to have entered upon his subject with the true 
spirit — a real love of it. He is not, we judge, an old antiquary, one who has been long 
conversant with old musty records and antiquated chirography, but the assiduity with which 
he has set about and accomplished so much, is a sufficient guarantee that the work is in 
good hands. 

In this first part Mr. Ellis has given us " The Early History of the Town." In the next 
he proposes to bring down the annals " to the date of the City Charter." By sending out 
his first part he will derive much aid from his friends probably, who may discover points 
on which he wants information, and will help him perfect them. The work is drawn up 
on a plan which will admit of additions or corrections without mailing the design. 

The author seems to understand well the important points in a local history, and has 
judiciously given them due attention. By the important points we mean the ancient topog- 
raphy, and the locations and pedigrees of the earliest inhabitants. To the latter he has 
devoted about forty-five pages. To trace the different owners or occupants of particular 
localities, or estates, is of very great interest. This can almost always be done in regard 
to articular sites. In his attempts of this nature we are inclined to believe that Mr. Ellis 
has generally been successful. We hope his work will meet with a ready sale, that he may 
be encouraged to make his second part as full and extensive as he may desire. 

A Complete System of Family Registration. Part I. Containing 
charts, forms and directions for registering on a new and simple plan the 
birth, marriage, and death of the several members of the family, and for 
ascertaining and exhibiting at once their connections, relative situation, heirs 
at law, ancestors, descendants, and generation. Part II. Containing forms 
and suggestions for registering other particulars proper or useful to be re- 
tained in remembrance relative to every member of any family, from which 

1848.] Notices of New Publications, 227 

a particular biography or history of any individual or family may be easily 
compiled. By LEMUEL SHATTTCK, Member of the Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society; of the American Antiquarian Society; Honorary Member of 
the New Hampshire Historical Society; and Home Secretary of the Amer- 
ican Statistical Association. Boston: William D. Ticknor, 135 Washing- 
ton street. 1841. 

This work is a most valuable Family Register, and should be possessed by all families, 
that perfect records after its plan may he made. It contains most fully what is announced 
on the title-page. In addition, the preface and directions give much important information 
on family registration and genealogy. At the close of the first part is a model of a genea- 
logical memoir. Under the head of Subjects suggested for Kecords, we noticed the follow- 
ing particulars : — 1. Physical Facts : 2. Intellectual Facts ; 3. Moral and lleligious Facts; 
4. Professional Facts; 5. Miscellaneous Facts; 6. General Results. 

The work closes with a variety of family charts, exhibiting the circumstances and con- 
dition of families and of the individuals composing them in a very minute and statistical 

Third Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the New England 
Society of Cincinnati, January 4th, 1818. 8vo. Cincinnati. 1848. 
pp. 8. 

This society, we are happy to learn, is in a flourishing state. It is doing something be- 
sides making a flourish now and then in the papers. It is laying the true foundation for 
future usefulness. It is collecting a library, not of novels and foreign history, but one 
mainly composed of works about our common country, and about New England especial- 
ly ; histories and statistics of its various towns, villages, and institutions, that the children 
of its members may not be ignorant of the means of making the West what it should be in 
time to come. 

The officers of this society for 1848, are Timothy Walker, President ; Lot E. Brewster, 
Vice President} Channcey Oolton, Corresponding Secretary ■ Charles S. Fomeroy, Record- 
ing Secretary : James Lakey, Treasurer- Henry Starr, Edmund Gage, William Wiswell, 
Jr., Maynard French, Oliver A. Thompson, and John Swazey, Directors. 

Immigration into the United States. By Jesse Chickering. 8vo. Bos- 
ton. 1848. pp. ( J4. 

Whoever has been acquainted with the previous labors of Dr. Chickering will require no 
guarantee for what he has set forth in the pages of his work of the above title. He has ev- 
idently undertaken his task with a clear conception of its importance, and with a knowl- 
edge acquired by close attention to it. The results of his investigations are truly startling, 
and m we glance over his pages we wonder that so much apathy exists in the community 
relative to the subject of emmigration, or immigration, as Dr. Chickering writes it. 

Although the subject has been thoroughly scanned for several years in the newspapers, 
yet it Meats to be regarded by the great body of legislatures at least, as a matter that can 
well enough be let alone for the present. It must be perfectly clear, however, to all who 
have : a thought upon the subject, that the case or situation of our people is pre- 

that of a family living in a house several stories high, erected in a valley subject to 
certain inundation. The family bad built their dwelling, they had seen the marks of a for- 
mer deluge, bur it was not within their or their fathers' memories. At length the water 
arise around them ; it enters their lower stories one after another. Our house is 
high, say they, we can still retreat. It tills so gradually that they begin to view its rise 
with indhference, and -till sleep soundly at night. They spend the day in pursuit <>f gain, 
■musements, and in quarrelling about who -hall be thought greatest, occasionally remind- 
mother that they shall be overflowed. They sometimes talk seriously about the 

-•• of the water, but some of the family are always ready to deride the idea of being 
ip by it. tr/tile there is so much ground for n t<> over s pre a d I 

1. ry family in the United State, ought to have a copy of this work of Dr. Chickering, 
fmd t, ibusettS could not do a greater service than to cau-c a copy to 

be placed in • 'lily of the State, at the expense of the Commonwealth. 


Marriages and Deaths. 




Baxter, Mr. Joseph, to Miss Sarah E. 
Dudley, 21 Dec, 1847, both of Boston. 

Barton, Mr. Isaac N., of Boston, to 
Miss Mary C, dau. of Benjamin Her- 
rick, Esq., of Alfred, Me., 3 Sept., 1847. 

Blanchard, J. A., to Georgiana, dau. 
of Nathaniel Goddard, Esq., Boston, 2 

Garland, Mr. Wm., of Buffalo, N. Y., to 
Miss Louisa A. Dudley, of Boston, 
31 Aug., 1847. 

Clapp, Mr. John L., to Miss Adelaide 
M. Hayden, 23 Dec.; both of Wey- 
mouth, Ms. 

Dix, T. Browne, of Boston, to Caroline 
L., dau. of the late Moses Gibbs, and 
granddau. of Gen. B. Lincoln, at New 
Bedford, 16 Dec, 1847. 

Dwight, Theodore W., Maynard Prof, 
of Law in Hamilton Col., to Mary B., 
dau. of A. Olmstead, Esq.. Clinton, N. 

Eaton, Charles F., of Boston, to Miss 
Marianne STiCKNEY,dau. of Eliott A. 
Hill, Concord, N. H., 31 Aug., 1847. 

Edgerton, Otis, to Miss Mehitable 
W. Rust, Amherst, 15 Dec, 1847. 

Farmer, Mr. Eldridge G., of W. Cam- 
bridge, to Miss Dorcas W, dau. of Mr. 
Ebenezer Smith, of Lexington, 7 March. 

Gray, Samuel Cotton, of Baltimore, 14 
Dec, 1847, at Middletown, Ct., to Lu- 
cy, eldest dau. of Mr. Chauncey Wet- 

Hines, Mr. J. W., of Boston, to Miss M. 
M. Hall, of R. I., at Presque Isle, 29 
Aug., 1847. 

Jameson, J. C, of Bath, Me., to Miss 
Margaret C, dau. of Mr. Robert Fos- 
ter, of Boston, 8 Dec, 1847. 

Kellogg, Mr. S. W., to Miss Emily L. 
Spear, Amherst, Ms., 25 Dec, 1847. 

King, Rev. Dexter S., of Boston, to Miss 
Sarah Gofe, 15 Dec, 1847. 

Lee, Rev. John S., principal of Melrose 
Seminary, W. Brattleboro', Vt., to Miss 
Elmira Bennett, of YVestmoreland, 
N. H., preceptress. 

Norton, Mr. John P., of New Haven, Ct., 
to Elizabeth P., dau. of Alex. Marion, 
of Albany, 15 Dec, 1847. 

Rodman, Alfred, of New Bedford, to 
Anne Lothrop, dau. of Thomas Mot- 
ley, at Dedham,8 Sept., 1847. 

Stearns, Wm. H., of Fall River, to Miss 
Sarah A. Durant. 8 Dec, 1847. 

Tafpan, Wm. A., of New York, to Car- 
oline, dau. of Wm. Sturgis, of Boston, 
12 Dec, 1847. 

Tuckerman, Frederick G., Esq., of 
Boston, to Miss Hannah L. B., dau. of 
Gen. Jones, of Greenfield, 17 June, 1847. 

Ward, Mr. Geo. L., of Boston, to Miss 
Caroline P., dau. of John F. Jenkins, 
Albany, Dec, 1847. 

Woodbury, Mr. Erastus, to Miss Su- 
san M., dau. of Mr. Robert Foster, of 
Boston, 8 Dec, 1847. 


Adams, John Quincy, in the Capitol 
of the U. S., on Wednesday evening, 23 
February, ult., at 20 m. past 7, as. 80 ys., 
7 mos., and 12 days. He was son of 
John, (2d President of the U. S.,) who 
was son of John of Braintree, who was 
son of Joseph, who was son of Joseph, 
who came from England with his fa- 
ther Henry, about 1630. Said Joseph 
was one of eight sons, most of whom 
had considerable families, whose de- 
scendants are now to be found in the 
majority of the towns in New England, 
and many in other parts of the United 

His great-grandfather's brother John, 
was grandfather of Gov. Samuel Jldams 
of Boston, the great mover in the Revo- 
lution, signer of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, &c, &c Mr. Adams was 
among the early members of the New 
England Hist., Genealogical Society. 

Allen, Mrs. Sarah J.. Northampton, 25 
Feb., wife of Rev. William Allen, D D. 

Ames, Mrs. Lydia, Groton, 23 Feb., ae. 

Andrews, Mr. Ebenezer, Eastbury, Ct., 
10 Dec, 1847, ae. 76. 

Badlam, Ezra, Esq., Milton, April, 1788. 
Probably the writer of the letter printed at 
p. 48, 6rc, of the present volume. 

Blake, Mr. "John, Gardiner, Me., 20 Jan., 
a Revolutionary soldier, nearly 90. 

Blanchard, Joseph, Ac worth, N. H., 
Jan., a fifer in the Revolutionary army, 
as. 92. 

Bo wen, Mr. Wm., Grafton, N. H , ae. 93, a 
Revolutionary pensioner. 

Boynton, Benj. H , Troy, N. Y., (former- 
ly of Boston.) ae. 52. 

Brigiiam, Capt. Charles, Grafton, 2 
Dec, 1847, a?. 78; father of Wm. Brig- 
ham, Esq., of Boston. 

Brown, Miss Sarah, at Jamaica Plains, 
Roxbury, Dec, ae. 71. 

Brown, Stephen, Esq., Boston, 5 March, 


Clatp, Mrs. Piiebe, of Easthampton, 30 
Nov., ae. 97 years and 7 days. Rp^ She 
was m. 62 years since to Mr. Benjamin 
Clapp, and was the mother of fifteen 
children, thirteen of whom lived to be- 
come the heads of families. One dau., 
at the ajre of 79, followed her to the 


Marriages and Deaths. 


grave. She had abnut 70 grandchildren, 

and about an equal number of great- 
Codman, Rev. John, D. D., Dorchester, 

23 Dec, 1847, in the 00th year of his 

aue, and the luth oi his ministry. 
Crafts, Graves, Whatley, 29 July, 1847, 

ac SS. He had been a soldier of the 

.Revolution, and a prisoner. He was 

at Westpoint when Andre was hanged, 

and was one of a guard over him the 

night previous to his execution. 
Craig. Elizabeth, widow, Rumney, N. 

H., 13 Jan., 1848, in her 100th year. 
Cummings, Mas. Temperance, Ware, 

relict of Joseph C, 21 Jan. She leaves 

19 children, 69 grandchildren, and 43 

Davis, Mr. Lrvi, Somerton, O.. IS Nov., 
5, ae. SS. He was a Revolutionary 

pensioner, and formerly of Newbury, Ms. 
Dean, Erastus S., (late of Bangor,) at 

S. Boston, £i Feb., ae. 32. 
Eaton, .Mr. Benjamin, Boston, 31 Jan., 

as. 7!}, after five years' suffering from 

helpless paralysis. 
Fa rns worth, Mrs. Elizabrth, Groton, 

11 Dec, 1847, ae. 90. relict of the late 

M ij A. Parnsworth. 
Fessenden, Charlrs P., 1 Ang., 1847, 

Philadelphia, formerly of Boston, and 

son of the late Thomas Green Fessen- 

den. 03. 49. 
Fox, Mr. John. Wheeling, Va.. 27 Feb., ce. 

over 105, a soldier of the Revolution. 
Francis, Caft. Robert, Pittsfield, G 

March, 33. 93, a Revolutionary patriot. 
Frikno, Mr. Nathaniel, Beverly, 29 

Feb., as. 85, a Revolutionary pensioner. 
Gerrish. Mrs. Abigail, Portsmouth, N. 

II.. 5 March, ae. 
Gerrt, Mr. Abel, 12 Feb., York, Me., of 

meazles, ae. s l. 
Gerrt, Miss, 13 Feb., sister of the above, 

of the same dU "7. 

II ldrrth, Mb Ben j. W., late of Marlbo- 
64. He was a grad. of H. C. of 

the class of 1 
Hon iiii'iN, MaJ. Jonas. Bolton, 1 I 1 

1848, a Revolutionary pensioner, agt not 

mt ntiotud. 
HoWLANO, Mr. Ansrl, Sandwich, 9 

March, accidentally killed by a stone 

filling upon hirn. 
H BBARD, Hon. SaMUIL, Boston. 20 
947, 62, one of the Jud| 

the Supreme Judicial Court. He was 

one of the members of the N. E. Ili-t. 

GeneaL S 
Leonard, Ms Phineas, W. Springfield, 
\'jv , 184 a Revolutionary 

Lorino, Mrs. Rki.if.k, Boston, 29 Feb 

7 1. 
I. Gso. StaNDISH, Newburyport. 

9 mot*, only son of 

II in. Ge rge Lunt. 

Lyman, Miss Esther Maria, Middle- 
town, Ct., 17 Dec, ae. GO. 

M< Curdy, Sally, widow of the late Hon. 
James Gould, and dau. of the late Hon. 
Uriah Tracy, Litchfield, Ct., May, 1847, 
ce. G4. 

Matthews, Mrs. William, Winslow, 
Me., 22 Jan., a?. 20 yrs., 3 mos., at the 
house of her father, Amasa Dingley, 
Esq. Mrs. M. was wife of Wm. Mat- 
thews, Esq., Editor of the Yankee Blade, 
published in Boston. She had been sick 
near a year with that malady so fatal to 
many, consumption. She had been mar- 
ried about three years. 

Merrill. Stephen, Winsted, ('!) 11 Dec., 
in the 100th year of his age. 

Moore, Lawson, Jan., 1848, Marlboro', 
N. H., a Revolutionary pensioner, a?. 91. 

Moore, Mr. Timothy, Hancock, N. H., 
11 July, 1845, ae. 90, a native of Groton, 
Ms. He was in the battle of Bunker Hill. 

Morse, Mr. Jacob, Augusta, Me., former- 
ly of N. H., a*, about 88, who served in 
the Revolution. 

Mtoatt, Samuel C, of the firm of My- 
gatt & Edwards, New Orleans, of con- 
gestion of the brain, 24 Sept. 184 7. 

Mr. M. was of New England ances- 
try, born in the city of New York, he 
was a descendant of Joseph Mygatt, an 
English Puritan of the times of Charles 
I., who was driven, by the merciless 
persecutions of the ecclesiastical court 
to seek a home in the new world, and 
who (with Rev. Thomas Hooker, Rev. 
John Cotton, and others) landed at Bos- 
ton, in September, 1033, and afterwards 
was one of the first settlers of the pres- 
ent flourishing city of Hartford. 

Nodine, Mr. Frederics, Kent, Ct., 12 

Dec, IS 17. who, had he lived till the 'Jo, 
would have been 100 years old. 

Parker, Mrs. Rebecca, Boston, 1 5 Dec, 
1 S 17, ae. 73, widow of the late Chief-Jus- 
tice Parker. 

Pidgin, Rev. Wm., Portland. Me.. 8 Feb., 
ae. 77. He was bom in Newbury, Ms., 
l March, 1771. grad. J). C. L794; settled 
in Hampton, N. H, 17%; Minot, Me., 
1811, dismissed 1819. 

Pitkin, Hon. Timothy, New Haven. 19 
Dec, 1847,83.81. Mr. Pitkin was author 
of some works of great value, and too 
well known to the literary world to in- 
quire to he named. He was a member 
of the N E. Hist Genealogical Society. 

Porter, Caft. Lsrasl P. t at sea, on 

passage Irorn Canton to New ^ <u 

Dec , L847; master <>i Ihe ihip Hors- 

bargh Of Boston. 

Putnam, Hon. Sbth, Middlesex, Vl 

yrs., 7 mos., a soldier oi till* 

• on. 

B D I r.i.. I [ irnaira. V? , 1 .', 

June, I loldiei "i the !«• 

lution. He WM ft native of New Bum- 


Donations to the Society. 


tree, Ms., was in the battle of Bunker's 
Hill, and was buried on the 17th, at the 
same hour of the day that he joined in 
that conflict. 

Robinson, Mrs. Rachel, Dorchester, 17 
Dec, 1847, widow of the late Maj. Ed- 
ward Robinson, ae. 74. 

Rogers, Mrs. Adelia S., Dorchester, 26 
Jan., wife of Rev. W. M. Rogers, and 
dau. of Hon. Solomon Strong of Leom- 

Sheldon, Amos, Esq, Portsmouth, N. H., 
9 March, ae. 79 : formerly Inspector Gen- 
eral of Provisions of that State. 

Smith, Mrs. A. S., New Orleans, 28 Nov., 
1847. Mrs. S. was a native of Boston, 
dau. of Mr. Lewis A. Lauriat, (the well 
known aeronaut,) married Mr. N. C. 
Smith in Mexico, and was on her return 
home when she was suddenly arrested 
by the hand of death. 

Snow, Mr. Solomon, Williamsburgh, 20 
Jan., as. 93, a Revolutionary pensioner. 
He was father of 15 children, S of whom 
survived him. He had 48 grandchildren, 
and 40 great-grandchildren living at the 
time of his decease. 

Steele, Thomas, Esq., Peterborough, N. 
H., Dec, in his 94th year, a soldier of 
the Revolution. 

Stevens, Mrs. Mary, wife of Dr. John 
Stevens, Boston, 26 Aug., 1847, ae. 52. 

Stickney, Mrs. Lucy, Salem, Ms., 13 
Feb., 1847, as. 31, wife of Mathew Ad- 
ams Stickney, and dau. of Capt. John 
Waters of Salem. 

Strong, Mrs. Rhoda, wife of Mr. Ralph 
Strong, E. Windsor, Ct., 9 Dec, 1847, ae. 

Strong, Hon. Henry W., Troy, N. Y., 
28 Feb.. ae. 37. He has been recorder of 
that city, and a State Senator. 

Strong, Mr. Nathan, Prattsburgh, N. Y., 
formerly of Northampton, 7 Feb., ae. 92 
yrs. 8 mos., a Revolutionary pensioner. 

Sturdevant, Mr. Lott, Waterville, Me., 
4 Jan., as. 88 1-2. 

Taylor, Capt. Ephraim, Newcastle, 
Me., a soldier of the Revolution, 24 
Aug., 1847, as. 89. 

Thayer, Mr. Richard, S. Boston, 14 
Aug., 1845, as. 77, of lung fever. 

Thayer, Capt. Setii, Seekonk, 6 March, 
se. 55. He has been long and favorably 
known as a commander of various steam- 
boats between Providence and N. York. 

Upham, Hon. George B., Claremont, N. 
H., 10 Feb., very suddenly, ae. 79. 

Ward, Horace, of the Verandah Hotel, 
N. Orleans, 9 Sept., 1847, ae. 39, of the 
prevailing epidemic. He was a native 
of Haverhill, N. H., and has left a wife 
and three children. 

Webster, Mrs. Rebecca, at New Haven, 
25 June, 1847, in the 82d year of her age. 
She was the relict of the late Noah 
Webster, LL. D. 

Wtlliams, Betsy, Stoughton, 2 Feb., ae. 
100 years. She was an Indian of the 
Punkapog tribe, and of pure blood. 

Wilson, Mr. Aaron, Keene, N. H., 3 
Sept., 1847, ae. 88, a Revolutionary pen- 

Wright, Mr. Stephen, Easthampton, 3 
Sept., 1847, as. 89, a pensioner of the 


All donations to the N. Eng. Hist. Genealogical Society, whether to its funds or its 
library, are intended to be duly acknowledged by letter by the Treasurer or the Librarian ; 
and when a Periodical was proposed, it was intended by the Board of Directors that an 
account of the donations should from time to time be inserted in its pages ; but from some 
causes and circumstances the matter has hitherto been neglected. A principal difficulty 
seems to have been the magnitude to which the list had attained at the period when the 
periodical was commenced. It had grown so formidable that to particularize the works 
and articles would have required several entire numbers of the Register. Thus circum- 
stanced, all that appears practicable now to be done, is to give the names of the individual 
donors as they stand recorded in the " Book of Donations , and, in the future numbers of 
the Register to particularize whatever is presented, as far as practicable. 

It may he proper to ohscrve, that many of the individuals named in the following list, 
gave large quantities of books and tracts at different times. In some instances the bare 
titles of the works would fill several pages of the Register. At the hazard of doing injus- 
tice to some, we feel it to be due to others to notice them particularly, as the magnitude 
and value of their donations have been very essentially felt by the Society in its infancy. 
Among this number are the President of the Society, Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, Henry 
GassctT, Esq., Hon. Richard Sullivan, Dudley Hall, Esq., Charles M. Endicott, Esq., Col. 
Francis Pcabody, Col. George Peabody, Mrs. Elizabeth Child, Dr. Abner Phelps. James B. 
Thornton, Esq., and the British Government for their published records, which though not 
yet in the Library, advice has been some time since received of their shipment. 

1848.] Things in Place and out of Place. 231 

S. G. Drake, Boston. Josiah Adams, Framingham. Sam'l. II. Riddel, Charles Ewer, 
J. Wingate Thornton. X. 13. Shuitleff, Lemuel Shattuck, W. 11. Montague, Wm. B. Fowle, 
H. Purkctt, Boston. Win. Willis, Portland. P. .Mackintosh, Eleazer Homer, Boston. J. 
A. Jones, Tisbury, Jacob Hall. W. 11. Deane, Boston. Thomas Day, Hartford, Ct. Jo- 
siah Sturgis. John Bnmstead, Isaac F. Howe, William Alline, Boston. Elisha Thayer, 
Da/ham. Samuel II. Parsons. Middlctoicn, Ct. C. W. Bradley, Hartford, Ct. Millard 
Fillmore, Buffalo, N. Y. E. B. Dearborn, Boston. Edward" Tnckerman, Cambridge. 
James 8. Loring, Albert G. Upham, Boston. Elisha H. Potter, Kingston, B. I. \V. T. 
Harris, Cambridge. II. G. Otis, Abner Phelps, Melvin Lord. Margaret Andrews, Boston. 
Joseph Dow. Hampt >. \. H ll i;. Ludewig, New York. K.H. Porter. B. F.Thompson, 
llnipstcad. N. Y. \V. P. Greenwood, Boston. James B. Thornton, Saco, Me. Hon. 
Emory Washburn, H'onester. S. P. Hildreth, Marietta, 0. Edward Everett, Cambridge. 
Usher Parsons, Providence, 11. I. V. XV. Boyd, Portland, Me. John Daggett, Mtleboro'. 
Nathaniel Dearborn, Boston. John Fierce, Brookline. T. li. Wyman, Vhartestown. L. 
M. Boltwood, Amherst. Abel Cnshkig, E. G. House, Boston. Silas Dean, Stonehatn. Jo- 
seph Willard, Adolphns Davis, 2foW«. Noah A. Phelps, Middletovm, Ct. I). A. White, 
fiblcm. Andrew Randall. Cincinnati, 0. James B. Thornton. Jr., Bangor, Me. George 
Livermore. Isaac Child, Boston. Jonathan Marsh, Quincy. A. Maxwell, Charlemont. Sam- 
uel Sewall. Burlington. Jacob Wendell. Portsmouth, N. H R. G. Parker. Wm. Cogswell, 
Gilmanton, N. H. George Bates. Mrs. J. Quincy, Boston. Duncan Bradford, Charlestown, 
M. Ronlston, Boston. Wm. Tyler, Northampton. Henry Davenport, J. J. Baker, Boston. 
M. A. Sticknev. flbfan. Joseph Sewall. Boston. James Trench. Boston. S. B. Babcock, 
A /'ism. J. b. Butler, Norwich, Vt. Edwin Hubbard, Mcriden, Ct. Little & Brown, 
Wm. H. Hill. A. XV. Thaxtcr. B. B. Bfussey, George Montfort, Boston. Amos Otis, Yar- 
mouth J. Whitney. C. C. P. Moody, Boston. John Reed, Bridgewater. Richard Sulli- 
van, Boston. Richard Frotbingham, Charlestoum. Elizabeth Child, Boston. R. R. Hin- 
man, Hartford, Ct. J. P. Dabnev, Cambridge. Lilley Eaton, Beading. J. C. Howard, 
John Lawrence, Calvin Durfee, Win. Ellis, Dedham." Wilkins Updike, Kingston, B. I. 
Andrew H. Ward. Newton. Mrs. Allen, Gardiner. Me. Caleb Butler, Groton. Amos A. 
rrence, Baron Stow, John Dean, Boston. C. W. Cadv, Indiana. James Monroe, & 
Co.. Boston. F. S. Pease, Albany, N. Y. Lot E. Brewster, Cincinnati, O. Edward North, 
Clinton. N. Y. J. A. Treat, Pittsjbld, N H. Theodore L. Howe, Dorchester. R XV. 
Raskins, Buffalo, N.Y. Mrs. S. J. Bowles, Boxbury. Alvan Lamson, Dedham. Chaun- 
cey Booth, Jr., Stephen T. Earwell, Boston. Charles M. Tainter, Shelbume. 


Correction for page 44. — Rev. Joseph Xoves of New Haven, was the son of Rev. James 
- of Stonington. Rev. James Noyes of Stonington, and Rev. Moses Novo of Lyme, 
were brothers, and sons of Rev. James Xoves of Xewburv. — G. T. See.' also, Coffins 

— Who were the parents and grandparents of Experience , wife of Timothy 

' Their dau. Elizabeth was born Nov., 1677, m. Thomas Wade of Ipswich, 4 
Aprd, !7 l 

Woo were the parents and grandparents of Sarah Cogswell whom. James Brown in Ins- 
;• 1723 ' 

» wen the parents and grandparents of Sarah . the first wife of the Rev. John 

Ehoi i ot the apostle ! 

Information is wanted about one 8eammon, who was early :it Portsmouth and i icinity, 
about 1640, and Sea f Boston, [640. The parentage oi Joseph Curtis, Bberiffof the 

county ot York, about i:o.). Whence came the progenitors of the Stebbius, Syket 

rrata to the i>t vol . p. 400, then- i< the same omission a- in the page intended 
< r > , "' ■ ! In the last line of the article, N ALystofthe Passincen ice 182, 


ommnnications are nnavoidably laid over. They will have a plat i 

. r. 

rtl '*' 1; membcriof the Society and others, are entitled to our nnfei • I 

• • •. • retaken in the success of the Register, by their effort 
" > ] * Wi would -iv to all Hi friends, that much >*■ their in* 

dividual < in this matter. There are very few who cannot enlist two or 

rk. Until this is don.-' its permanency i tie tion i 

men of the -o< iety have not yet placed their WOTEI in iU Lil I 

232 Things in Place and out of Place. [April. 

The continuation of the Dearborn Genealogy which it was intended should have been 
continued in this number, could not be got ready. It will appear in our next. 

Diplomas have been executed for members of the Society, which may be had on applica- 
tion to the Corresponding Secretary. 

We have received from Sylvester Judd, Esq., several corrections for the first volume of 
the Register, which should have had an earlier insertion. — 1. In the Introduction to the 

Wolcott Family, p. 251, "it is represented that Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield were 
'first' settled in 1636, and that Springfield and Say brook were settled previously. Settle- 
ments commenced in the three towns first named, in 1635, before any thing was done at 
Saybrook, and six or eight months before any settlement was made at Springfield. Mr. 

Wolcott is said to have undertaken the settlement of Windsor ' with four other gentlemen ; 
namely, Mr. Ludlow, Mr. Newbury, Mr. Stoughton, and Major Mason? There were many 
others who undertook this settlement, several of whom were 'gentlemen.' Mr. Newbury 
did not settle in Windsor at all. Pie died in Massachusetts, in Dec, 1635, or early in 1636. 
His family removed to Windsor. The writer of this introduction says, ' Mr. Ludlow was 
chosen their first governor, and Mr. Wolcott a magistrate,' after they adopted the new con- 
stitution of 1638. This is incorrect. John Haynes was the first governor, and R. Ludlow, 
deputy governor. Mr. Ludlow was never governor of Connecticut. Mr. Wolcott was not 
elected magistrate until 1043. A magistrate was not called an assistant under this consti- 
tution, but was so called under the charter of 16G2. It has always been said that he re- 
moved to Virginia The writer says, ' Major Mason, it is said, had no male posterity.' 
Major M. certainly had three sons, who had families; namely, Samuel, b. 1644, John, 1646, 
and Daniel, 1652; and several daughters. Some of these errors originated with the late 
F. Wolcott of Litchfield. He says the wife of the third Henry Wolcott was Abigail Goss. 
Her name was Abiah Goffe, and she was dau. of Edward Goffe of Cambridge." 

2. The Parsons Family. — " Thomas Bliss of Hartford, father of Mary, the wife of Joseph 
Parsons, (p. 266,) died in Hartford, and was not 'afterwards of Northampton.' His widow 
removed to Springfield. Elder John Strong, the father of the wife of the second Joseph 
Parsons, was himself ancestor of Governor Strong. His father did not come to this coun- 
try. Ebenezer Parsons was slain at Northfield, 2 Sept., 1675. He was not under Capt. 
Beers. [In regard to errors in the notice of Hugh Purso7is, we shall defer any statement 
respecting them. We have the whole proceeding relative to the witchcraft affair in which 
he was so unjustly involved, from which, in due time, we may publish an account. It may 
be observed, however, that what is stated in regard to him is, in the main, correct.] 

3. "Rev. Henrv Smith of Wethersfield, died in 1648. His youngest child was b. 25 
Aug., 1648. (p. 74.) 

4. u Capt. Lothrop had no children, except an adopted daughter, Sarah Gott. Ez*kiel 
Checver m. his sister. Joshua Rea (as I have him) is called a brother of Capt. Lothrop. 
(p . 138.) [See Stone's Hist. Beverly, pp. 27, 28. Ed.] 

5. " The ancestor of Rev. Ethan Smith, namely, Joseph, removed from Hartford to Hart- 
ley, about 1680. His father, Joseph Smith, lived and died in Hartford, having m. Lydia 
Hcwet or Huit, dau. of Rev. Ephraim Hewit of Windsor, in 1656. His oldest child. Joseph, 
who came to Hadley, was born in 1657, and was the first of fifteen children, (p. 183.) 

6. ' - Rev. Isaac Foster, (p. 39,) was minister of the first society in Hartford, and the suc- 
cessor of Rev. Joseph Haynes. He died the latter part of 1683, or early part of 1684. He 
m. Mehitable, wid. of Mr. Daniel Russel of Charlestown. and dau. of Mr. Samuel Willys of 
Hartford. Mr. Foster left one child, Anne, m. to Rev. Thomas Buckingham of Hartford. 
Mr. Foster's wid. m. his successor, Rev. Timothy Woodbridge." 

The article " God's Promise to his Plantation" escaped the usual attention of the editor. 
On page 151, line 11, read "Golden"; line 25, "an historical"; line 27, || refers to the last 
note on the page; line 28, T[ refers to the preceding note ; last line of the last note should 
read " p. 312" ; on page 152, the * should be placed after " weight," in line 8 ; in line 23, 
read "shall never find"; same line, for "never" read "ever"; in line 31, read "duck- 
lings "; in line 32, read " will still have" ; for the first note substitute " Referring, possibly, 
to the Planters' Pica, which would shortly appear. See Young, p. 16." p. 187, third line 
from the bottom, read ."heel"; in second line "and" should be "&"'; p. 188, line 11, 
" died" should begin with a capital. 


VOL. II. JULY, 1848. NO. III. 



The memory of pioneers in the settlement of a Commonwealth like 
our own, should not be suffered to sink in oblivion. 'Ihis position is 
confirmed by a consideration of the personal and relative sacrifices 
which such an enterprise demands. 

In view of these facts, universally acknowledged as just and equita- 
ble, we are constrained to inquire, Who, then, among the primitive set- 
tlers of Massachusetts, more deserves our grateful recollection than 
Roger Conant I True, he was not called to walk on the high places 
of civil promotion all through his colonial career. Circumstances so 
occur that, oftentimes, among enlightened communities, while a few of 
distinguished merit are raised to posts of trust and honor, more of 
equal desert bear no such official and titled rank. It is, indeed, cor- 
rect, that the race is not to all of the swift, nor the battle to all of the 
strong. Still, Conant was not without prominency of station. What 
is more, his discreet use of the power committed to his hands was a 
main and constituent principle of the spirit and action which lifted this 
Commonwealth from its nothingness to an elevation that enabled his 
sue' to rive it a higher and more distinguished altitude. 

Before we attempt to delineate his course on this side of the Atlan- 
tic, we will glance at his domestic relations in the land of his fathers. 

Koger Conant had his birthplace at Budleigh, Devonshire, in Eng- 
land. April, 1691. It ia supposed that his parents were Richard and 
A_ . Conant; and that Dr. John Conant of Exeter College, one of 
Assembly of Divines, was his brother. His grandfather was John 
1 from ingenious parents of Gittisham, near Honi- 

km, wb >rBj for many generations, have been fixed there, but 

originally of French extraction."* 

Priori >B < . mt\s leaving his native land, it is evident from 

■ition, that In- was ranked among Episcopal Puritans. 

Like of his countrymen, while he lamented the corruptions of 

( irch and 5 . he wished neither of them to be overthrown, but 

* William Gibbfl and John Farmer. 

234 Notice of Roger Conant. [July? 

That the occasions which bring him to view as a dweller on our 
shores, and a judicious actor in important scenes, may be understood, it 
is requisite to relate various incidents which took place before he locat- 
ed himself at Naumkeag. 

While he was contemplating a voyage to the new world, the compa- 
ny who promoted the planting of New Plymouth were seriously divided. 
Such lack of harmony having existed two years, appears to have had 
its rise from a difference of opinion as to the administration of civil and 
ecclesiastical affairs in the colony. They well knew that the disciples 
of John Robinson, who had come hither, brought with them the platform 
of Congregationalism, animated by the inherent principles of liberty. 
This so far prejudiced their minds that they thwarted the favorite pur- 
pose of himself and people, in Leyden, to unite with their friends at 
Plymouth in the great mission of philanthropy and religion. In the 
meanwhile, not disposed to incur the odium of being careless for the 
spiritual wants of the colonists, they obtained the services of another in 
his stead. 

The person so chosen was John Lyford, who had been a minister in 
Ireland. He came in a ship, which arrived in March of 1624. At 
first, he rendered himself agreeable to the emigrants and preached for 
them. It was soon discovered that he and John Oldham were carrying 
out the designs of the dissatisfied members of the company in England, 
by " plotting (as Mr. Bradford states) both against our church and 
government and endeavour to overthrow them." The governor made 
himself acquainted with their policy, but kept it secret till July, when, 
to use his own language, " Lyford and his few accomplices, which the 
factious part of the adventurers sent, judging their party strong enough, 
rise up, oppose the government and church, draw a company apart, 
set up for themselves, and he would minister the sacrament to them by 
his Episcopal calling. " In reference to this subject, Hubbard remarks, 
that individuals who came over with Lyford affirmed that a principal 
reason why he and his supporters were treated as enemies by Governor 
Bradford and his council, was, " their antipithy against the way of sep- 
aration, wherein those of Plymouth had been trained up under Mr. 
Robinson." The same author further observes, that, " some of their 
friends, yet surviving, do affirm, upon their own knowledge, that the 
first occasion of the quarrel with them, was the baptizing of Mr. Hilton's 
child, who was not joined to the church at Plymouth." This attempt- 
ed revolution was so much in accordance with the design of the council 
for New England to crush Congregationalism in the plantation of Plym- 
outh and in every other which might be settled within their jurisdic- 
tion, the conclusion forces itself on our minds, that the advocates of 
Lyford, in London, cooperated with that respectable body. 

The result of the effort made by this clergyman and his followers, 
was their exclusion from the colony. Among those so ejected was Roger 
Conant. He appears to have come over in the same vessel which 
brought Lyford. Though conscientiously in favor of reformed compli- 
ance with the institutions of the national church, he did not suffer his 
passions to master his reason, nor drive him to measures for compassing 

1848.] Notice of Roger Conant. 235 

his wishes, which could be justly impeached as either unmanly or un- 
christian. Hubbard, who was subsequently his neighbour, and must 
have known him well, confirms such a character of him, and calls him 
" a pious, sober and prudent gentleman." 

Leaving the place where he had expected to make a more permanent 
home, Conant took up his abode at Nantasket. This location had been 
occupied by the Plymouth authorities for an establishment of traffic with 
the natives. It was granted in 1<322, to Thomas Gray, by Chickatal- 
bot, Sagmore of the Massachusetts Indians. Here Conant resided for 
more than a year, unmolested in the free exercise of his religious per- 
suasion. During this short period, he probably used the island* which 
bore his name, and which is among the spots in the archipelago of our 
capital that add much to the attraction of her seaboard scenery. 

While thus living in obscurity, but with the elevated peace and improv- 
ing influences of honest motives and purposes, he was not forgotten 
abroad. He proved the truth that adherence to moral obligation was the 
only safe way to secure confidence and acquire fitness for difficult station. 
He was brought to the notice of the Rev. John White of Dorchester, in 
the west of England, by the representations of his brother, probably the 
same as already mentioned. His sympathies in favor of Episcopacy 
were similar to those of Mr. White and his coadjutors. These, consti- 
tuting the Dorchester company, obtained leave, in the spring of 1624, 
from the proprietors of Plymouth colony, who shortly before received a 
patent of Cape Ann, to settle emigrants on the latter location. Some 
of them, being merchants, had carried on the fishery and fur trade for 
several years, along the coast of this quarter. 

In compliance with the decision of their company, John Humphrey, 
the treasurer, notified Conant that they had elected him, in the language 
of Hubbard, " to be their governor in that place and would commit unto 
him the charge of all their affairs as well fishing as planting." At the 
same time, John Oldham, who had been banished from Plymouth for 
zealous endeavours to carry out the plan of Lyford there, and who had 
retired to Xantasket, was invited to superintend the fur trade with In- 
dians, but he declined the office. The departments of fishery and agri- 
culture had been committed, the previous year, to the direction of John 
Tilly and Thomas Gardner. 

I laving received information of his appointment, Conant immediately 
changed his residence, and entered on the arduous duties of his new 
sphere at Cape Ann. He was accompanied by Lyford, who also dwelt 
at Xantasket after his ejectment from Plymouth, and who was employed 
by the 1> trcbester associates to preach for the colonists, now put under 
the authority of his friend and parishioner. With respect to such spir- 
itual provision, the Planter'* /'/< ■■■/. by Mr. White, gives us information. 
It that the proposition for the settlement w I to more 

particularly by reason of" the benefit of their minister's labours, which 
they might enjoy during the fishing season ; whereas otherwise being 
usually upon th or ten months in the year, they were 

left all the while without any mean- of instruction." 

■ Aftenrardi called (Jovcrnor^ bland 

236 Notice of Roger Conant. [J u ty> 

With an arrangement so necessary to the hopeful commencement of 
all colonies, though sometimes counteracted by adverse circumstances, 
Conant must have been gratified. Among those who were subject to 
his authority and who harmonized with his opinions, were John Wood- 
bury, John Balch, Peter Palfrey, Richard Norman and son, William 
Allen and Walter Knight. Thus he and his friends were favored with 
an opportunity to try another experiment of Puritanism under the form 
of Episcopacy. 

Though Lyford and Conant were so favorably situated, still their 
former difficulty at Plymouth was warmly agitated in England among 
the proprietors of that plantation. One part of them, in a numerous 
assembly for discussing the subject, employed John White, a lawyer of 
London, and the other engaged the Rev. Thomas Hooker. The con- 
clusion was adverse to the case of Lyford. Still his advocates, being 
two thirds of the adventurers, forsook Governor Bradford and his sup- 
porters with heavy responsibilities. 

Part of these seceders threw the weight of their influence and exer- 
tions to promote the interests of Cape Ann. They hurried away a ship 
for this port, so that they might gain an advantage over their opponents. 
The commander of this vessel, having reached his destination, seized 
upon the stage and other appurtenances for the fishing business, which 
had been prepared at considerable charge the year before by order of 
the Plymouth authorities. Miles Standish, of undoubted valor and 
perseverance, was commissioned to regain possession of them. The 
ship master fortified his men on the premises, and bid him and his abet- 
tors a stout defiance. This state of affairs assumed a fearful appear- 
ance. The dispute, (as Hubbard says,) " grew to be very hot, and 
high words passed between them, which might have ended in blows, if 
not in blood, had not the prudence of Mr. Roger Conant and Mr. 
Peirse, his interposition, that lay by with his ship, timely prevented." 
The magnanimity as well as justice of Conant, in this emergency, is 
worthy of notice. Though he had been obliged to leave Plymouth for 
an ecclesiastical diversity of views, he had no wish to encourage hostili- 
ty against them, or any unrighteous application of their property. He 
knew the rights of individual judgment in others, and, however different 
it was from his own, he had no heart to treat them as enemies. 

Could equity of intention and conduct on the part of Conant have 
secured the prosperity of his charge, it would have been enjoyed in 
speedy and large measure. But he must have soon perceived that a 
settlement, claimed by two bodies of conflicting opinions and resolves, 
could not long survive. Especially must this conviction have deepened 
on his mind, when he ascertained that the cargoes shipped from it, 
brought, in European markets, far less than their cost. Aware that 
his position was likely to be relinquished, he looked around for a loca- 
tion more congenial with agricultural pursuits. In this, however, he 
was chiefly actuated by considerations of a far higher grade than those 
which take hold on temporal interests. He was still for the unmolested 
enjoyment of religious privileges. For this and other subordinate ob- 
jects, inseparably connected with social communities, he preferred 

1848.] Notice of Roger Conant. 237 

Naumkeag, whose native population had been mostly destroyed by the 
plague and the deadly inroads of the eastern Tarrentines. With 
regard to his choice, the author last quoted uses the subsequent lan- 
guage: " Secietlv conceiving in his mind, that in following times it 
might prove (as since it has fallen out) a receptacle for such as upon 
the account of religion would be willing to begin a foreign plantation in 
this pare of the world, of which he gave some intimation to his friends 
in England." 

Among these friends was his well tried benefactor, the Rev. John 
"White. Though this distinguished minister was grieved that Cape Ann 
was abandoned by the Dorchester associates, he still retained his con- 
viction that a refuge in New England should be provided for church 
non-conformists. He therefore encouraged Conant and others of the 
colonists whom he knew, to occupy the territory of the Naumkeags. 
He further stated that, when he received information of their having so 
conformed with his wish, he would exert himself to obtain a patent of 
the country, and send them " whatever they should write for, either 
men or provisions or goods wherewith to trade with the Indians." 
With inducements of this kind, which coincided with his own predilec- 
tions, Conant moved to the spot on which his eye had been fixed. Of 
those who accompanied him were Mr. Lyford and others aforenamed 
as with him at Cape Ann. There being no evidence but that the pas- 
tor of this company and their companions still held their connection with 
the national church, they seem to have continued their Episcopal mode 
of worship. Hence we have cause to believe that the first church of 
Salem, as transferred from Plymouth, Nantasket, and Cape Ann, was 
of this order, and not of Congregationalism. Thus situated agreeably 
to his ecclesiastical bias, Conant replied to Mr. White, that he would 
retain the premises on condition that the proffers of aid should be ac- 

In this attitude of affairs, he was called to experience another severe 
trial of his friendship, patience, fortitude and faithfulness. Mr. Ly- 
ford, with whom he had been in seasons of trial, received an invitation 
to officiate in Virginia, and concluded to remove thither. What added 
to the test of Conant'a decision, truthfulness and integrity, was, that 
Messrs. Woodbury, Balch and Palfrey, on whom he greatly depended 
for the successful issue of his enterprise, concluded to go with their 
minister and share with him in colonial privileges, more definite and 
settled than those which they could realize for several years to come, at 
Naumkeag. Most men would have sunk under the prospect of such 
irtion. Hut the spirit of Conant was enabled to rise above the di£ 
ficulties of the emergency. Be had taken his position/ and pledged 
his faith conditionally, that here he would stand, though perils from 
the and hardships of a new settlement clustered around him. 

Not. only had the persons aforenamed determined to make their home 
in the south, hut they also pressed Conant with arguments t<» lie a par- 
taker with them in such a change. Though he listened, he was not 
convinced; he had erected the first English house on the soil, and here 

* Mastachusctts Archives, '\ \ '•>!. I p.-MT. 

238 Notice of Roger Conant. [July, 

he had made up his mind to abide until more urgent considerations 
occurred than any they now presented to his perception. In his turn, 
he so laid before them the importance of their remaining and cooperat- 
ing with him to advance the plantation, that they, excepting Lyford, 
yielded and continued to participate in his purposes and toils. 

While Conant was in suspense for a communication from Mr. White, 
the latter was punctual to his engagement and spared no proper 
pains for its furtherance. With reference to the promoters of this ob- 
ject, Dudley wrote to the Countess of Lincoln, that, in 1627, they de- 
liberated on it, and, for its better completion, they petitioned the coun- 
cil for New England for a patent. To advance the same concern, 
Conant thought it well for John Woodbury to visit England and repre- 
sent the condition and prospects of the colony. This commissioner 
returned in June of 1628, with the glad tidings that hopeful progress 
had been made in behalf of the settlement. He, of course, must have 
had as one of his themes for encouragement, the patent, granted to the 
Dorchester company, the 19th of the preceding March. In view of 
what he heard, Conant must have felt the refined and elevated satisfac- 
tion that his anxiety and endeavours had met with corresponding sym- 
pathy and action in his native land, and that both united bid fair to 
raise up a Commonwealth of eminent and durable blessings to its popu- 
lation. As he looked forward, he had cause to expect that the compa- 
ny, under their new organization, would empower him as the chief-mag- 
istrate, and thus afford him an opportunity to carry out his benevolent 
plans. But the brightness of his vision was soon to be clouded ; he 
was to have other lessons in the school of disappointment. 

In the meanwhile, he was called to take part in apprehending and 
sending to England for trial, the noted Thomas Morton of Mount Wol- 

We now turn to the mother couutry. We perceive the action of the 
company, modified according to their recently acquired privileges. 
They had substantial cause to think highly of Conant as fitted to pre- 
side over the affairs of the colony, but their choice fell on one of the 
patentees. With reference to this successful candidate, Humphrey 
Woodbury deposed, " The latter end of that Summer, (Sept. 6,) 1628, 
John Endecott Esq r came ouer gouernor, declaring his power from a 
company of patentees in or about London, and that they had bought 
the houses, boates and servants, which belonged to the Dorchester Com- 
pany, and that he, the said Endecott, had power to receiue them, which 
accordingly he did take possession of." As a matter of course, Conant, 
at this date, laid down his authority. He had borne it honorably to 
himself and usefully to others. He knew how to resign it without quer- 
ulous complaints or troublesome resistance. He had learned to obey 
as well as command. It is true, that he and the rest of his company, 
as we shall see in its place, thought their privileges abridged by the 
new administration, and they sought for redress. Before leaving this 
topic, the remark suggests itself, that while we justly award to the Rev. 
Mr. White the praise for uncommon, persevering and efficient aid in 
England to commence and continue the first permanent colony of Mas- 

1848.] Notice of Roger Conant. 239 

sachusetfcs proper, we should render no less a meed to Roger Conant 
for his extraordinary efforts to found, retain and uphold the same infant 
settlement amid signal discouragements. 

After entering on his official duties, Endicott wrote to Governor Cra- 
dock, that the settlers whom he found at Naumkeag were dissatisfied 
with the bearing of the patent on their interests. An answer of April 
IT, 1629, proposes to allow that the complainants become members of 
the corporation, hold the lands which had been allotted to them, and a 
due proportion of other territory that may be granted to the colonists, 
and that they should have a reduction of charges on the goods which 
they transported in the company's vessels. It also permitted them to 
continue the cultivation of tobacco, though forbidden to other emigrants. 
By a vote cf the General Court in London, as expressed in the same 
communication, though recorded the 80th, in that body's proceedings, 
the old planters were empowered to elect two members of Endicott's 
council, who, at the same date, was chosen and confirmed governor of 
Massachusetts. Such means to conciliate the primitive settlers of the 
colony were highly creditable to those who entered upon their labors. 
It is not unlikely that another source of objection with the former of 
these two classes, was the compliance of Endicott with the Congrega- 
tionalism of the Plymouth church. But however this may have been, 
it is evident that the original emigrants had a contention with the recent 
government, which necessarily came in collision with their previous idea 
of rights and modes of business. To whatever extent this want of har- 
mony reached, we perceive the kind hearted Conant still stepping forth 
as a mediator of peace. Concerning this matter, Hubbard thus ob- 
serves : " The late controversy that had been agitated with too much 
animosity betwixt the forementioned Dorchester planters and their new 
agent and his company, being by the prudent moderation of Mr. Co- 
nant, agent before for the Dorchester merchants, quietly composed, that 
so meu/ii and tuum, which divide the world, should not disturb the peace 
of good christians, that came so far to provide a place where to live 
together in christian amity and concord." 

The same letter notifies Endicott that John Oldham, excluded with 
Conant from Plymouth, was endeavouring to enforce the claims of Rob- 
ert Gorges's patent, and thus set up an independent jurisdiction in Mas- 
sachusetts. It also advises him, as one method to counteract so per- 
ilous ;t project, in these words: "That you may vse the best meanes 
yon can to settle an agreement with the old planters soe as they may 
not barken to Mr. Oldham's dangerous, though vaine propositions." 

(To be continued.) 

240 Bradford's Letter to Winthrop, 1631. [July, 


( To the Editor of the Historical and Genealogical Register.) 

Dear Sir, — 

The following is a copy of an original letter of Governor Bradford, now 
before me, written in his own clear and beautiful hand, and signed by him- 
self and the other worthies annexed. This, it will be perceived, is a public 
communication from the government of Plymouth to the governor and the 
"rest of the counsell" of Massachusetts, in reply to a letter from them re- 
ceived sometime before. It is interesting in many ways, and perhaps not 
unimportant, from the bearing it may have in illustrating the claims made 
by Massachusetts upon those deemed her own citizens. It may incidental- 
ly throw light upon other matters. It has sometimes been urged, that the 
early colony of Massachusetts was not so scrupulously regardful of the 
rights of her weaker neighbours as a more enlightened and liberal policy 
would seem to demand. 

To o r Worp 11 good freinds m r Winthrop Goue r of the Massachusetts & 
the rest of the counsell ther. [The superscription.] 

Gentlemen and Worthyly beloued freinds. 
We have now at length returned an Answer to your letter dated the 
26 of July (The reason we haue so longe deffered y e same, is because 
we haue had no courte* till y e last month being Januarie) The sume 

* The General Court of all the freemen is probably here referred to. It is quite likely 
that at this time they held but two sessions annually. Subsequently, in 1642, we find a 
law directing that the '' Quarterly Courts be hearafter held the first Tuesday in June, in 
September, and the first Tuesday in March * * * * and none be kept in Dec r as for- 
merly." In 1658, it was ordered that the General Courts be held on the first Tuesday in 
October and the first Tuesday in March annually. Deputies were first appointed to be 
chosen in 1638. The courts of assistants, which after a few years exercised judicial as 
well as executive powers, were in 1641 ordered to be held every month. The governor 
without doubt had power to convene them oftener if occasion required. Previous to the 
year 1633, and indeed we may say 1636, there is but a meagre record of the political or 
civil history of the colony. Prior to the latter year they can hardly be said to have estab- 
lished a civil government They were a voluntary association of individuals, "ruled by 
the majority, and not by fixed laws. The only magistrates were the governor and assist- 
ants. The office of justice of the peace was unknown. Trials were had in the general 
court before juries selected from the whole body of the freemen of the colony, and until 
1634 the governor and assistants were not by law considered a judicial court." In 1636, 
the colony seemed to assume a more commanding position. They made a sort of declar- 
ation of rights, real over the compact made at Cape Cod, 1620, enacted a series of laws, 
and reenacted others, defining the different powers of government, and providing for the 
general welfare of the colony. A Secretary and Treasurer were first chosen this year. 
The people had been much delayed, no doubt, in their purpose of forming a more stable 
government, or one more clearly defined in its character, by their unsuccessful attempts 
to procure a royal charter. Their patent of 1630, from the Plymouth company, never re- 
ceived the royal signature.* We could wish, however, that more had come down to us 
of this early, though more humble, but truly the most interesting period in the annals of 
the Pilgrims. The diligent annalist, however, will yet find much to repay his inquiry. 
More light is continually being shed upon our early history ; for the labors of Davis, Bay- 
lies, Young, and others, who have brought their united gifts of learning, diligence, and 
zeal to this work, we are grateful ; but the field is not yet exhausted. Mr. Secretary Mor- 
ton would have deserved better of posterity, had he edited and published his uncle's writ- 
ings, and others he had in his possession, instead of compiling his memorial from them. 
This work, however, in the absence of the former, cannot be too highly estimated. It must 
always be esteemed of more or less authority. There is an interest, indeed a charm con- 
nected with it, from the fact of its being the earliest, (excepting, of course, the few tracts 
published almost immediately upon the settlement of the country,) and for a long time the 
only chronicle of the Pilgrims. The Memorial is associated with our earliest knowledge 

* See Mass. Hist. Coll., Vol. ITT. p. 70. Chalmers' Revolt of the Colonies, Vol. I. p. 28. Douglass' 
Summary, Vol. I. p. 370. Thacher's Plymouth, p. 79. 

1848.] Bradford's Letter to Winthrop, 1631. 241 

wherof is this : that we are willing to curesponde with you in this, or 
any other neborly course, so fare as may no way be prejudicall to any, 
or swarue from y e rules of equitie. how fare m r Winslow* expreste y* 

of the Plymouth colony : it is the first printed book in which wc find the names of the 
Mayflower and the Speedwell : and however much we may regret that the author had not 
been more minute, it is a work which will never be superseded. It may, and should be, 
enriched by notes that will embody the additional light, which time, by the development 
of new facts, may continue to shed upon our early history; and we can never cease to be 
grateful for the elaborate edition of the late Judge Davis, which will ever remain to us a 
monument to his learning. Jt will be no disparagement to his excellent edition, however, 
to say, that it contains much which is now superseded by subsequent publications. The 
want of an index also seriously impairs its value as a book of reference. A new edition 
of the Memorial, therefore, proceeding from the right source, would be a valuable acquisi- 
tion to our historical literature ; and we wish we were authorized to announce, that the 
public will be thus favored, ere long, by one, whose labors in this department have already 
secured to him an enviable reputation! We are glad to learn that a new edition of Sav- 
age's Winthrop is prepared for the press, and may be shortly forthcoming. This is alto- 
gether an indispensable work on the Massachusetts colony, and as we know the learned 
editor has not been idle for the last twenty years, we anticipate a rich repast. 

Respecting the time for the annual election of governor and assistants, we find in 1633, 
when the first record of the election of those officers appears, and in 1G34, 1635 and 1036, 
that it took place at the general court in January. They were to enter upon the duties of 
their office, however, on the next March ensuing, which appears to have been the com- 
mencement of the civil year; though no particular day seems to have been appointed as a 
general rule. Prence was elected governor in 1634 "for the year following, and to enter 
upon the place the first of March or the 27th of the same." Bradford was chosen in 1635, 
and to take bis place on the first Tuesday in March. Winslow r was elected in 1636, to en- 
ter upon the office the first of March. In 1633, however, when Winslow was first chosen, 
he entered upon his duties at once. Bradford at that time had been governor for twelve 
consecutive years, and by "importunity gat off." We have no record of their proceedings 
in this respect prior to 1633, except the few notices to be gathered from their annalists. 
Carver was chosen governor after the signing of the compact at Cape Cod, in November, 
1620. On the 23d of March ensuing, the 25th being New Year's day, he was reelected or 
<; confirmed," for the year following. At his death. April 21, Bradford was chosen in his 
stead, and held the office by yearly election until 1633. In the early part of 1624, though 
Prince gives no more particular date, we learn that "the time of our electing officers for 
this year arriving, the governor desires the people, both to change the persons and add 
more assistants," &C Morton, whose chronology is (). S., places this election under date 
1624, though he may have embraced within that year what took place a short time before, 
preparatory to its commencement. 

In 1636, a law was enacted appointing the first Tuesday in March for the election of 
officers, arid in 1642, "It is enacted that the Eleccon court of chooseing officers as Gov- 
ernor and assistants shall be hereafter every first Tewsday in June, because that many are 
hindred from comeiog in March by reason of the unseasonablcncss of the weather ordina- 
rily. In the code of 1658, this last provision is confirmed, prefaced by the following: 
' Whereas by the first associates of this government, the courts of election were held in 
January annually, and afterwards in the month of March annually,"' &c., &c. See Plym- 
outh Colony Lowg, Brigham'fl ecL, pp. 36, 37, 70, 71, 73.108. Old Colony MS. Records, 

Vol.1. Baylies' Piymout A, Vol. I. pp I B7, 188, 226, 227. Thacher's Plymouth, pp. 160, 
161. Prince's Jnnah, 1st cd.. pp. 105, 145. Morton's Memorial) Davis 1 ed., pp. 109, no. 
Winthrop. Vol. I., p. 98. Belknap's American Riog., Vol. II. p. 23'.). 

* Edward Window was probably at this time in England. Winthrop, under date Jnne 
5, 1' Mr. Winslow of Plymouth came in the William and Francis," from Lon- 

don. Judge Davis Bays, " Whether this was Edward Winslow is uncertain." We should 
think then- could now be no question of it, as he was the person of that name principally 
employed in the - of the colony. Prince, in a notice of his arrival under this date, 

add- r Ed ward 1. Among the Winthrop papers published in Vol IX.. .'id series Massachu- 
torical Collections, is a letter from Edward Howes in England, to J. Winthrop, 
Jr.. atB i, dated _"'. Biarcb, 1632, in which he says, - My Master bam sent my most 
honoured fiend your father, a sword in a walking staff, which he forgal t<> mention in his 

letter-. Mi Ww low hath it; who I doubt not will deliver il." Win-low made freoueiif 

voyages t<> England in the service of Plymouth and Massachusetts colonii i. He went in 
Sept, n the »Awtf, and returned the next March in the Charity} he went again in 

August, 1 624, in tie- /omit, and returned in the spring of 1625 n, probably. 

] ;i, and returns in the William and Froneit, June. 1632 . again in 1634, and returns the. 

next year. Morton err- in Stating tint this voyage Of WinslOW's nras made in 1635, and 
he has been followed by Belknap, Allen, Young, and oth) ». Winthrop Ityi, Dffidei date 

242 Bradford's Letter to Winthrop, 1631. [July, 

agreement you intimate we know not (seeing he is absente) but our 
meaning, & former practiss, was & hath been, only of shuch as come to 
dwell, & inhabite, whether as seruants, or free men ; and not of sou- 
journours w ch come but for a seasone, with a purpose to returne. Yet 
if any abuse should grow hereby ; we shall agree to any good order for 
the preuenting or redressing of the y e same ; prouided the way be left 
open for pore men to releue ther wants, And for mutuall help to both 
plantations. We haue therfore giuen warning in open courte to all our 
people ; not to receiue any as seruants,* or other dwellers with them, 
but to aquainte vs first therwith that we may inquire of their certificates 
or dismisions ; but we haue sett no penealtie vpon it as yett, because 
we hope ther shall be noe need if ther be we haue libertie to punish 
shuch things at our discretions ; if that will not serue ; when we vnder- 
stand what penealtie you apointe in the case, we shall doe y e like, or 
y* which shall be equivelente vnto it. As for the instances you giue ; 
we find that John Philipsf when he came was sicke & if he had not been 
by some received to house he had been in danger to haue perished, he 
aledged he was sent by his maister to seeke a seruise ; yet as a ser- 
uente he was not entertained by any ; till his maister came and sould 
his time, (not to him y* gaue him house roame) but to him that would 
giue most, so he had no cause to complaine. for John PickworthJ he 

preceding July 29th, 1634, "The Governor and Mr. Winthrop wrote their letters into 
England to mediate their peace and sent them by Mr. Winslow," and between the 12th 
and 19th of August following, he has this entry : " Our neighbours of Plymouth had a great 
trade also this year at Keilebeck, so as Mr. Winslow carried with him into England, this 
year about twenty hogsheads of beaver." Prince has the following MS. note in his copy 
of the Memorial against Morton's allusion to Winslow's voyage, under date 1635: " Gov- 
ernor Bradford says it was last year, and that he returns at the end of this." He went 
again to England in 1646, and never returned. 

The names appended to this letter, with that of Governor Bradford, were probably the 
assistants in the government for that year, and that there are but four instead of five, may 
be accounted for by the conjecture that Winslow, then " absente," was one of their number. 
We have no other notice of the names of the assistants for this year; indeed all that we 
know concerning them prior to 1633, when the first record is made, is, that Allerton was the 
sole assistant to Bradford up to 1624, when four more were added. Who they were, we 
know not, if we except Winslow, on the authority of Belknap, who says, " Governor Brad- 
ford having prevailed on the people of Plymouth [1624] to choose five Assistants, instead 
of one, Mr. Winslow was first elected to this office, in which he was continued till 1633." 
This statement has been followed by later writers, and we think it quite a probable one, 
though we could wish Belknap had given us his authority for it. We think it quite proba- 
ble, also, that Allerton was continued for some years. Allen errs in stating that Aldcn " was 
an assistant in the administration of every governor for 67 years." On and after 1633, seven 
assistants were chosen. See Winthrop, Vol. I. p. 78. Morton's Memorial, pp. 168,178, 
233. Prince, Vol. II. p. 61 ; Vol. I. pp. 105, 140, 145, 150, 153. Belknap's Biog., Vol. II. 
pp. 300, 220. Allen's Biog. Diet., article " Alden." Old Colony Records, Vol. I. Hub- 
bard's New England, pp. 90, 91. 

* " They [the Massachusetts Colony] were obliged to give all the servants they had sent 
over their liberty that they might shift for themselves, although they had cost from 16 to 
20 pounds a head. The whole number was 180." — Hutchinson's Massachicsetts, Vol. I. 
p. 20. 

t John Philips was one of the persons desiring to be made "freeman of the Massachu- 
setts colony, 1630, and admitted to the oath 1632. We find in 1639. a John Philips bought 
of Robte Mendall of Duxborrow, a house and land, &c, payment to be made in instal- 
ments at the house of Mr. Winthrop in Boston. A John Philips settled early in Duxbu- 
ry, who had several children, born probably in England. He married for a second wife 
Faith Doten of Plymouth. He had a son, who was killed by lightning 1656. See Prince, 
Vol. II. p. 4. Farmer, p. 226. Morton, p. 279. Old Colony Records. Deanc's Situate, 
pp. 322, 323. 

J John Pickworth was at Salem in 1637, and had a grant of land. Ann Pickworth 
was a member of [he church there in 1638. She may have been the wife of John, and one 

1848.] Bradford's Letter to Winihrop, 1631. 243 

came but as a soujournour to worke for a few weeks, in "\vcli time he 
goate a wife, & so is longe since returned duble, & hath no cause to 
coinplaine, excepte he hath goot a bad wife. Richard Church* came 
likewise ass a soujournour to worke for y e present ; though he is still hear 
residente longer then he purpossed ; And what he will doe, neither we, 
nor I thinke him selfe knowes ; but if he resoluc here to setle we shall 
require of him to procure a dismision ; but he did affirme to vs at y e 
first that he was one of m r welbsf men, and freed to goe for England or 
whither he would, y 6 w ch we y e rather beleued because he came to vs 
frome Wessagasscusett upon y e filling out with his parttner ; for others 
intimated, we know none, (though we haue inquired) but they had a 
dismission either to come hither, or goe for England. Now ther are 
diuerce goone from hence, to dwell and inhabite with you, as Clement 

of the daughters of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, from which place it seems he returned 
u duble ;"' and we trust she did not prove a " bad wife/' He must have lived a long time 
at Salem, fur we find he had children baptized there at different periods, Ruth, Hanna, and 
John in 1638; Joseph in 1642; Rachell in 1646; Benjamin in 1648; Sarah in 1650; Ab- 
a-ail in l"J2. There was also Samuel, who was killed in Philip's War. He left a widow 
Sarah. The three first, recorded as baptized in 1638, are called children of Pick- 
worth. AVe suppose the blank should be rilled with John. Further investigation would 
probably prove that he died at Salem, and his posterity after him. Persons of that name 
have lived there within a few years. See Felt's Salem, Vol. I. 2d ed., pp. 170, 173, 515. 
1 ; ords of the First Church at Salem. We are indebted to the kindness of Rev. J. B. Felt, 
the diligent annalist of Salem, for the perusal of MS. extracts from the church records of 
Salem. See Fanner's Rtgisler. 

* Richard Church was born 1608, came over 1630, desired to be made freeman of Mas- 
sachusetts that year, was admitted a freeman of Plymouth colony October 4, 1632. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Warren, and was the father of Colonel Benjamin 
Church, so famous in the Indian Wars. He was a carpenter, and with John Tomson 
built the first church in Plymouth. In 1642 an order passed for finishing the fortification 
on Fort Hill, ami u that Richard Church shall speedily build the carriage for another piece 
of ordnance."' He lived at Eel River, at Eastham, at Hingham, and at Dcdham, where 
he died in December, 1668. Mitchell thinks it doubtful if he ever really settled at Eastham 
or Dedham. It appears from the Old Colony Records, that in 1647 he exchanged lands 
aft Bel River, with Manasseth Kempton; and he also bought and sold land. In April, 
164'J. he sold a lot of land at Eel River to Robert Bartlet; and as the conveyance is some- 
what curious, and exhibits also the mode of payment which obtained to a great extent at 
that period, we subjoin it. 

•• B e it knowne vnto all men by these Prsentes y* I Richard Church have sould vnto 

I: >;rt Bartlet all the right and title y* I the sd Richard hath in house and houscing and 

land wiih all the meadow ground with the addition y l hee had of goodman Kemton at the 

River, and hee is to heave Cubbert and biine* and all the shelves and benches y 1 are 

in the house and all the ladders y' are about the house, and the sd Richard Church doth 

bind bim-elfe bis heairs and asynes to Ensure all y' the sd Richard Church hath sould to 

;rt Bartlet y l no in m shall not trouble him for it. but the said Richard Church is to 

take his corn of from the ground and to threash it in the barn in fourteen days, and hee is 

ire the plancka y l arc in the barne. 

A 1 the said Robert Bartlet is to give vnto the sd Richard Church for his house and 

land the full sum of twenty live pound in mailer and form foloing. a Rid Oxe y l they call 

his n im • Moose for eight Pound and ten shil. and six pound to bee payed at M r Paddies 

in Comodilies, and the Resedue to bee paid the next yeare foloing in the last of September 

either in Catell or in Corn or in merchants pay, if in Cattell they must be prised, if in 

corn it most bet at the prise currant, if in Merchants pay bee must take it a- bee Rccev- 

cth it ; and marchantfl pay i> to bee paid in linnen and vrollen and shooes and stockens 

Plymouth ifthav be then- to bee had, if not bee i> to take it in the other pay. 
•And Elizabeth the wife of Richard Church aforsd, the Day ami Ye.m- above written, 

"Did acording to order gii ■ and full consent unto the Bale of tie- house 6 land and 

ver.d apart' forsaid, acording to the tearmesand conditions above men- 

med." See Morton*! Manorial^ p. 478. OH Colony Records, Vol. I., Deeds. Blitcu- 

ell's Bridgewattr. \> ■■•■■.:> Russell's Plymouth, p. 205. 

t It i^ a little doubtful what name iras here intended, perhaps Wells «>r Webbs. There 

S William Webb early at Weymouth. Bee Farmer! BsguUr, p. 307, 

• I i. I rtain. 

244 Bradford's Letter to Winthroj), 1631. [July, 

Brigges,* John Hill, John Eedy, daniel raj,f &c. the which if either 
you, or they desire thir dismissions ; we shall be redy to give them ; 
hopeing you will doe the like ; in the like cases, though we haue heard 
something otherwise. Thus with our prayers to y e Lord for your pros- 
perity, as our owne, and our harty salutations vnto you all we rest 
Piim: Feb. 6. 1631. [i. e. 1632.] your assured louing freinds 

* Clement Briggs came in the Fortune, in 1621 ; he w?,s at "Weymouth in 1633. On 
the 29th of August, 1638, he acknowledged the sale of some land at Plymouth, to Eobte 
Heeks. We find on the Old Colony Records, that on the same day, he made a curious de- 
position at Plymouth, the object of which is not very apparent. We here subjoin it. 

" The deposition of Clement Briggs of Weymouth felmonger, taken at New Plymouth 
the xxix day of August in the fourteenth yeare of y e now Raigne of our Sovaryne Lord 
Charles by the grace of God of England &c. 1638, before Thorn Prence of New Plymouth 
gent Gov. and Will m Bradford of the same Gent, assistant of the gov ut &c. 

" This Deponent Deposeth and sayth that about two and twenty yeares since, this de- 
pon* then dwelling w th one Mr Samuel Lathame in Barmundsey street, Southwarke, a 
felmonger, and one Thomas Harlow then also dwelling w th Mr Robte Heeks* in the same 
street a fellmonger, the said Harlow and. this depont had often conferrence together how 
many pelts eich of their masters pulled a week. And this depont deposeth and sayth that 
the said Robte Heeks did pull three hundred pelts a week, and divers tymes six or seaven 
hundred & more a week in the killinge seasons, w ch was the most part of the yeare (ex- 
cept the tyme of lent) for the space of three Or foure yeares. And that the said Robte 
Heeks sould his sheeps pelts at that tyme for fourty shillings a hundred to Mr Arnold Al- 
lard, Whereas this Deponts M r Samuel Laythame sould his pelts for fifty shillings p C to 
y e same man, at ye same tyme, and Mr Heeks pelts were much better ware. 

Clement Briggs his mark." 

t Daniel Ray bought a house in Plymouth in 1630, of Anthony Annable. A Daniel 
Ray and John Hill were afterwards at Salem. A John Eddy was at Watertown, 1634; had 
a child, Pilgrim. See Felt's Salem, Vol. I. pp. 170, 515. Farmer's Register. 

t " In the list at the end of Gov r Bradford's MS Folio, tis writ that capt Standish died 
Octob. 3. 1655. But his son William's Table Book says Oct r 3. 1656, and capt Standish 
being chosen assistant in 1656, shows that his death must have taken place in the latter 
year." — MS. note of Prince. The latter part of the note being gone, the words in italics 
are supplied by conjecture. From this little scrap, we gather the day of Standish's death, 
which we have met with nowhere else. 

§ The signature of Samuel Fuller the physician, is especially interesting on account of 
its exceeding rarity. Mr. Russell, the Register of Deeds at Plymouth, and the intelligent 
author of the " Recollections of the Pilgrims," says that he has not yet been able to meet 
with it. Fuller died in 1633. His will is the first upon record, and was proved that year. 
The witnesses to it were John Winslow and Robte Heeks. See Old Colony Records. 

* Robert Hicks came in the Fortune, 1621. See Morton's Memorial, pp. 378, 379. Old Colony Rec- 
ords, Vol. I., Deeds. Deane's Situate, p. 284. 

1848.] The Irish Donation in 1GT6. 245 


(Communicated by Mr. Charles Deane.) 

The document below is a copy from the original, put into my hands 
a short time since, by a member of the Winslow family, in whose pos- 
session it has probably been for a long time. It has never before been 
printed. We see by this the conditions on which the Irish charity, al- 
luded to by some of our Plymouth historians, was bestowed. Key. 
Nathaniel Mather,* who was probably the instrument in procuring this 
donation, was pastor of a church in Dublin at the time. He was the 
son of Richard Mather, and the brother of Increase, who was at that 
period pastor of the North church in Boston. There were many reasons 
why his heart would naturally be drawn by sympathy towards New 
England, in the time of her deep tribulation. 

1 also give from the Old Colony Records, the account of its distribu- 
tion among the towns of the Old Colony, and the names of those " ap- 
pointed to distribute it." The whole of this has never before been 
printed. Judge Davis has published it in his edition of the Memorial, 
with the exception of the names of the distributors. I also give the 
amount apportioned among the different towns in the Massachusetts 
colony, with an account of the number of families and persons " dis- 
- 1 by the war." Persons thus denominated probably included 
those who suffered by the depredations of the enemy, in the loss of 
property, and of those on whom they relied for support. Philip's war 
was bloody and devastating in the extreme. The colonies suffered more 
in proportion to their numbers and strength, than was experienced dur- 
ing the Revolutionary struggle. " The war was brief, but its havoc 
and its terrors worse than death, no tongue can describe. Six hundred 
of the inhabitants, the greatest part of whom were the very flower of 
the country, fell in battle, or were murdered, oftentimes with circum- 
stances of the most revolting cruelty. This is the number officially re- 
• d at the time as falling. We may well suppose that half as many 
more fell victims in the progress of the war. It was a loss of her chil- 
dren to New England, not inferior to twenty thousand at the present 
day. What a havoc for a single year! Twelve towns in Massachu- 
-. Plymouth and Rhode Island were utterly destroyed ; and many 
more were greatly injured. Six hundred buildings, mostly dwclling- 
. are known to have been burned ; and according to J)r. Trum- 

ffathaniel Mather was horn in Lancaster, England, March 20,1630. Hearrired in 
iintry with his father in L635; was graduated at Harvard College in 1647; after- 
wards went to England and irai presented to the living at Barnstable, by Oliver Crom- 
well, in 1656 He wai ejected in 1662, left England, and was minister al Rotterdam. He 
! his brother Samuel at Dublin, in 1 » i T l or 1672; he afterwards wia pastor of I 
congregational church ;it London, and one of the lecturer! al Pinner*! hall !!<• died July 
buried Dear Bunhill fields. Dr. Watts placed a long Latin inscription 
upon his torn ascribing to him a high character for genius, learning, piety, and 

ministerial fidelity. A number of sermons by him, have been published. Bee Allen's 
Bwg. Diet. 

246 The Irish Donation in 1676. [J u ty> 

bull's calculation, one man in eleven of the arms-bearing population "was 
killed, and one house in eleven laid in ashes.* 

I have not yet been able to learn whether Connecticut received any 
portion of this charity. She suffered nothing in comparison with her 
sister colonies by the war, though she furnished her quota of men, and 
vigorously maintained her part in the conflict ; but fortunately, as 
Trumbull says, she " had not one party of men surprised and cut off 
during the war ; nor did the colony sustain any considerable loss of 
men, at any time, except in taking the fort in Narraganset."f 

Rhode Island, it will be perceived, is not named in the letter, as a 
recipient of this charity. She suffered considerably by the war, but 
she did not take such an earnest and decided part against the common 
enemy, as did her neighbours. She claims, however, to have afforded 
shelter and protection to the flying English, and to have furnished some 
of the forces with provisions and transports. Some of her principal 
gentlemen also were volunteers in Church's company. Rhode Island 
complained that she was not consulted as she should have been, respect- 
ing the war ; and many reasons could probably be given why the part 
she took was less active than that of the united colonies. Rhode Island 
was not a member of the confederacy. It is said that she solicited ad- 
mission, at its formation, but was refused, unless she would submit to 
the jurisdiction of Plymouth colony, which she declined. The truth is, 
there was but little sympathy any way between her and her sister colo- 
nies in New England. And the reasons for it are probably sufficiently 
obvious, without entering into them at present. J 

Allusion has been recently made to this " gratifying instance of the 
generous influence of Christian sympathies," exhibited to our fathers so 
many years since, in connection with another interesting incident which 
has taken place during the last year, the memory of which no doubt 
will linger long in the hearts of a grateful people, and be handed down 
to a distant posterity. I allude to the mission of the Jamestown. The 
Rev. Mr. Waterston has made mention of it in a letter to Capt. Forbes, 
published in the introduction to his pamphlet on the " Voyage of the 
Jamestown," in which he thus eloquently remarks : " It is an interest- 
ing fact, that the people of Ireland nearly two hundred years ago, thus 
sent relief to our " Pilgrim Fathers,"§ in the time of their need ; and 

=* See Everett's Address, delivered at Bloody Brook, Sept. 30, 1835. See, also, Trum- 
bull's Connecticut, Vol. I. pp. 350, 351. 

t See Trumbull's Connecticut, Vol. I. p. 351. Judge Davis, alluding to the Irish chari- 
ty, says, "Connecticut, also, happily escaping the depredations of the enemy, besides the 
prompt and efficient aid rendered by its brave officers and soldiers, on various emergencies, 
contributed liberally, in grain and provisions, to the relief of their suffering neighbours. 
So, also, did the town of Boston, then, as ever since, distinguished for its deeds of benevo- 
Sence." — Memorial, p. 46 1 . 

t See Callendcr's Historical Discourse in R. I. Hist. Coll., p. 133. Tbe New England 
Confederacy of 1643, a discourse delivered by J. Q. Adams before the Mass. Hist. Soc. in 
1843.— Coll., Vol. IX. 3d series, p. 210. 

\ Reference is made here merely to the share which Plymouth had in this charity, 
amounting to £124.10.0. No further knowledge of this matter was had, probably, than 
what was gathered from the Old Colony Records, and the notice by Judge Davis, in bis 
edition of the Memorial, which make no mention of any gifts to the sister colonies. And 
Judge Davis may not have been aware of any. The natural inference, however, from the 
Old Colony Records, which speak of u thU colonics part of the contribution made by divers 


The Irish Donation in 1676. 247 

that what we have been doing for that famishing country, is but a re- 
turn for what their fathers did for our fathers ; and the whole circum- 
stance proves a verification of the scripture, ' Cast thy bread upon the 
waters, for thou shalt find it after many days.' " * * * * " I consider 
the mission of the Jamestown," continues the writer, " as one of the 
grandest events in the history of our country. A ship of war changed 
into an angel of mercy, departing on no errand of death, but with the 
bread of life to an unfortunate and famishing people. She carried with 
her the best wishes of millions, and it seemed as if Heaven particularly 
smiled upon you in your speedy passage out, and your safe return."* 

" In behnlfe of the contributors to this present releife sent to the distressed 
persons in New England by the Good ship call'd the Katkerine of Dublin, 
it is desired 

1. That Mr "William Ting, Mr James Oliver, and Mr John Hull, or as 
many of them as shall bee alive receive into their hands the whole cargoe 
by the Invoice sent herewith, and sell so much of it as to advance four hun- 
dred and fifty pound sterl, which they are to pay for the freight according 
to the Charter party as appears more fully thereby. 

2. That the remainder be given to the poor distressed by the late warr 
With the Indians ; wherein wee desire that an equall respect bee had to all 
godly psons agreeing in fundamentals of faith & order though differing 
about the subject of some ordinances, 8c pticularly that godly Antipeodo- 
baptists bee not excluded: w ch wee the rather thus perticularly insert be- 
cause sundry reports have come hither suggesting that godly psons of that 
pswasion have been severely dealt withall in New England, & also be- 
cause divers of that pswasion in this Citty have freely & very Considerably 
concurred in advanceing this releife. 

3. That it bee divided between the three united Colonys of Plymouth, 
Massachnsets and Connecticot in such pportions as the Com 8 of y e said Col- 
onys shall adjust. Or If they shall not be sitting at Boston between the Ar- 
rival & y e distrihuoon of it that then it be left to the Governour or deputy 
Governor & Magistrate of the Massachusets dwelling in Boston, Charles 
towne, Cambridge, Watertowne, Dorchester & Koxbury to order the distri- 
bncoo of it in such pportions to the sd Colonys as they shall judge equall & 
Impartiall. And that the said Magistrate of the Six townes aforesd do with 

christians in Ireland," harmonizes with the facts. Capt. Forbes lias made a calculation of 
interest upon the sum above named, to show our present indebtedness to Ireland for her 
charity. If he Irishes to enter into any calculations of this nature. I would suggest to him, 
■s a truer basis on which to predicate them, that they be made upon the whole amount 
of the crift. which, aside from any part Connecticut may have had, is no less than £937.13.0. 
This is including the £450 payed for the freight, which, of course, is a pari of the gift. It 
may be well enough, perhaps, to remark, that the amount distributed may possibly be rep- 
resented in the New England currency, which was not sterling. After the year 1652, 
when the mint was established in the Massachusetts colony, a change took place in their 
mod-- of reckoning. See Felt's aW/.™. Ctortncy, pp. 32. 33. 

Etespe ting thU frit* charity, we must not indulge in the pleasing reflection that our 
fathers wet 1 for it- bestowment to the warm sympathies ana generous impulses 

of the li r He. I intend nothing by the remark, "hut to make a statement of fact 

* The outward passage of the Jamntaum was made in 15 days, 8 hours, and the return 
in less than 24 days. She -ailed from Boston on the 28th of March, and returned to thi> 
port on the 1 6th of May. after an absence of but seven week- and one hour. The amount 
of provisioi out by her as a '_ r ift to the famishing Irish, as ap] eai - by the invoice, 

The vessel for it- transportation was furnished freely by government. 
Forbes generously volunteered as her commander. His pamphlet, entitled w Thc 
V on her Errand of Mercy,' 1 wiU bo treasured as a record of one 

of the DIOSt pleasant incidents in the hi-tory of New England 

248 The Irish Donation in 1676. [July? 

the Governour & deputy Governour of the Massachusets order the dispos- 
all of that part which shal belong to their colony to be made by y e Mer- 
chants to whom it is consigned or any other as they shal think fit. 

4. That if any of y e Indians in New England who have adhered to the 
English in the present Warr bee brought to distress by their barbarous 
country men we desyre that they may by no means bee forgotten, but share, 
respect being had to their condicon in this present releife : Especially those 
of them that are of y e houshold of faith wee desyre may be singularly re- 

5. That those English who possibly live not in any of the patents and 
jurisdicons aforesd, if in necessity & distress, be not Excluded from per- 
taking in This Supply. 

6. That what is sent to the Colonys of Plymouth & Connecticot be dis- 
posed of as the Governour & any two Magistrate of ye sd Colonys shall 

7. That the Merchants to whom it is consigned & who shall receive the 
same, be accountMe to the Governour of the Massachusets and the Magis- 
trate that dwell in Boston, Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertowne, Roxbury 
& Dorchester concerning the whole Cargoe that they shal receive and their 
disposal of it. 

8. That if these above written Suggestions of our desires through our 
unacquaintedness with the present Condition and Circumstances which that 
country may possibly bee in do not comport with the end desyned w ch is 
the releife of the poor distressed in their psent exigences wee leave it to 
the Wisdome & Integrity of the abovenamed Magistrates of Massachusets 
to vary therefrom as they shal find necessary in order to the Charitable end 
designed of releiving those that are in Distress. 

Nath Mather 
Dublin Aug't 7th 1676. Will Keyes 

Will: Jaque 
Robt: Chombry 

[The letters above, in italics, are gone in the ThO: HARRISON 

original, and are supplied by conjecture.] m m 

' FF J J Timothie Taylor 

Sam ll Bonnett 
Sem Coxe." 

* " March 1 676 [i. e. 1 677.] The order and Destribution of this Collonies 
pte of the Contribution made by divers Christians in Ireland for the releiffe 
of such as are Impoverished Destressed and in Nessesitie by the late Indian 
Warr was, as it Respects this Collonie Proportioned as followeth ; 

Leift Morton ) 
Plymouth 8 00 00 Joseph Warren > appointed to distribute it. 

William Crow ) 
00 Mr Josiah Standish, William Paybody 
00 Major Cudworth Cornett Studson and Edward 

00 William Harvey James Walker John Richmond 
00 Mr Browne John Butterworth 
00 Francis Combe Isack Howandf 
00 Captain Freeman 
00 Mr John Thacher 
00 Mr Huckens Barnabas Laythrop 
00 John Cook John Smith John Russell 

* Copied from the Old Colony Records. 
t Probably intended for Howland. 










Swansey 21 
Meddle Berrey 4 
Eastham 00 












The Irish Donation in 1676. 


Rehoboth 32 00 00 Mr Nathaniel Paine Leift Hunt 

Marshfield 2 00 00 Mr Daniell Smith Ensigne Eames Anthony Snow 

Bridgwater 7 00 00 Elder Brett Deacon Willis Mr Samuel Edson" 

" Account of People Distressed by the War in the Massachusetts Colony, 
taken Jan. 22, 1676-77.* 

In Boston, 

Sudbury, 12 

Marblehead, 45 

Cambridg, 14 

Dorchester, 6 

Rowly, 4 

Lyn, 9 
Oburn, [Woburn] 8 

Billerica, 1 

Andover, 1 

York, 17 

Manchester, 3 

Dover, 5 

Watertown, 19 

Concord, 18 

Weymouth, 6 

Milton, 3 

Roxbury, 9 

Portsmouth, 20 

Hull, 4 

Kittery old, 7 

Kittery new, 7 

Charlestown, 29 

Dead ham, 8 

Chettinford, 11 

Hingham, 4 

Gloster, 1 

Ipswitch, 1 

Newbury, 3 

Topsfield, 1 

Brentry, 9 

Beverly, 9 

Hampton, 2 

Meadfield, 19 

Maiden, 14 

Mudy river, 1 

Wenham, 3 

116 families, 

containing 402 











38 towns 5 1 

allow 9 towns not brought in 

additions to Boston 

* See New Hampshire Hist. Coll.. Vol 
t There is a mistake here in addition. 





III. pp. 101, 102. 
















































































250 First Settlers of Hingham. [July, 

Boston, Jan. 22, 1676 [i. e. 1677] 
Mr Dean Taylor, Paul Dudley, 

You are ordered to deliver unto the select Men of the several Towns 
Mentioned in this list the Sums apportioned to them herein In meal, oat- 
meal, wheat, malt at 18s per ball, butter 6d and cheese Ad per pound out 
of the Irish Charity in your hands, whose several receipts for so much shall 
be your discharge. 

This order above written woss passed by the Govnor and magistrates this 
25th January, 1676, [i. e. 1677] for the distribution of the Irish Charity ac- 
cording to the lists on the other side as 

Attest Edward Rawson, Secretary, 

By their order." 


(Communicated by Andrew H. Ward, Esq.) 

Names of the first proprietors in Hingham, who drew their house-lots on 
the 18th Sept., 1635, from the Cove on the north side of the road to Fort 
hill, viz : — 

1 James Cade 16 John Smart 

2 Abraham Martin 17 Edmund Hobart, Sen. 

3 William Notter 18 Joshua Hobart 

4 John Otis 19 Mr Peter Hobart 

5 Thomas Loring 20 Richard Osborne 

6 John Strong 21 George Lane 

7 David Phinney 22 George Marsh 

8 Thomas Andrews 23 George Ludkin 

9 Joseph Andrews 24 Nicolas Baker 

10 William Walton 25 Nath 1 Baker 

11 Richard Betstome 26 Andrew Lane 

12 Thomas Wakely 27 George Bachor 

13 William Arnall 28 Thomas Collier 

14 Nicolas Jacob 29 Francis Smith 

15 Edmund Hobart 

Many of the above named persons owned other pieces of land in the year 

1635 ; and some others not mentioned above, viz : — 

Thomas Chubbuck John Fearing 

John Palmer Nath 1 Peck 

Richard Ibrook John Tulker [Tucker?] 

William Cotherum Clement Bate 

William Cotherill Thomas Gill 

Wid w . Martayne 

Names of persons to whom lands were granted by the town between the 
years 1635 & 1640, including those before named, viz: — 

1636 Nicolas Lobdin 1637 Thomas Nickols 
1636 Josiah Cooper 1638 John Stevens 
1636 Henry Gibbs 1638 Stephen Lincorne 

1636 Richard Sanger 1638 Jeremy Morse 

1637 Thomas Lincorne, cooper 1638 Samuel Packer 


First Settlers of Hingham. 


Joseph Phippeny 

Thomas Hill 

Thomas Barns 

Ralph Smith 

Henry Chamberlin 

Mathew Cushing 

Thomas Cooper 

Henry Chamberlin, shoemaker 

John Sutton, Sen. 

Anthony Hilliard 

Thomas Dimock 

Thomas Clap 

Thomas Lawrence 

Mr Henry Smith 

Mathew Hawke 

Francis James 

Phillip James 

James Bucke 

John Foulsham 

William Ripley 

Thomas Thaxter 

John Thaxter 

Stephen Payne 

John Benson 

Widow Wilder 

Joseph Underwood 

Vincen Druce 

Bezowne Allen 

Samuel Ward 

Thomas Underwood 

Nicolas Hodsdin 

Thomas Joanes 

Robert Joanes 

Thomas Hammond 

Edmund Pitts 

Names of other persona not before mentioned who had lands granted be- 
tween the years 1640 and 1692, viz: — 

1638 Stephen Gates 


1036 William Buckland 


1636 William Hersye 


1638 Thomas Lincorne, husbandman 1637 

1636 John Winchester 


1636 Benjamin Bosworth 


1 ''>■'! 7 John Cutter 


1636 William Walker 


1636 Adam Mott 


1636 Thomas Hubbard 


1638 John Beals 


1 636 Jonas Austin 


1636 Ralph Woodward 


1636 Jaruce Gould 


1636 Thomas Lincorne, weaver 


1 636 Daniel Foxe 


1636 Thomas Johnson 


1636 Clement Bates 


1636 George Russell 


1636 John Farrow 


1636 Thomas Lincorne, miller 


1636 William Lavre 


1 637 Aaron Ludkin 


1637 Thomas Paynter 


1637 John Lord 


1639 John Prince 


- Robert Peck 


1638 Mr Joseph Peck 


1637 Jonathan Bosworth 


1638 John Stodder 


1637 Henry Tuttill 


1637 Thomas Chaffe 


1 637 William Ludkin 


1637 John Tower 


1 636 William Spiague 


Thomas Shaw 

1669 Purthy Mcfarlin 
1 6 17 Edward Burton 

1 6 17 Widow Collier 
L663 Motes Collier 
1680 Samuel Stowell 
1 6 17 Abraham Joelin 

1 656 John Garnet 
1 6 17 Thomas Huit 

L680 Nathan Furrow 

1682 Jamec B i 
1647 Hath? Beak 


1 665 



James Whiton 
Stephen Payne 
Peter Barns 
Mark Lames 
Daniel Cushmg 
Mathew dishing 
Anthony Hilliard 
.John Smith 
John Ripley 
Ephraim Wilder 
John Lazell 

The above was copied from a copy <>f the Rev. Peter Bobart'a Journal, 

from which the following i- also extracted 

252 First Settlers of Hingham. [July, 

" Mr Peter Hobart was born in England at or near Hingham in the 
County of Norfolk the latter end of the year 1G04. 

He was educated at the University of Cambridge, was employed at dif- 
ferent places as a preacher of the Gospel : the last place of his residence in 
England was in the town of Haverhill ; his parents and brothers & sisters 
had, to his great affliction, embarked for New England. 

Some time after this, owing to the persecutions in England, he also re- 
solved to remove to New England. 

Accordingly in the summer of 1635, he embarked with his wife and four 
children, and after a tedious voyage and constant sickness, he arrived at 
Charlestown, on the 8 th of June, where he found his relations, who had 
safely arrived before him. 

Several towns now addressed him to become their minister — but he chose, 
with his fathers family, and some other christians, to form a new plantation, 
which they called Hingham, and there gathered a church. 

He continued a faithful Minister for about 43 years. 

Soon after his arrival in New England, his wife died — he married again 
and had a number of children. 

About eight weeks before his death, he assisted in the ordination of the 
Rev d Mr Norton, his successor." 

This account of Rev. Mr. Hobart was probably entered in the journal by 
his son, David Hobart, who continued it for many years, and after him, 
others, in like manner, in which the Rev. Mr. Hobart kept it. It consists 
of a record of baptisms, marriages and deaths, beginning in 1637, and 
brought down to 1847. 

The following appears to have been the first entry made by Mr. Hobart 
in his journal : 

"June 8. 1635 — I, with my wife and four children came safely to New 
England June 8. 1635 — forever praised be the God of Heaven, my God 
and my King." 


Joshua Hobart & Ellen Ibrook at Cambridge, March 1638 

John Tower & Margaret Ibrook Feb. 1639 

James Bate & Ruth Liford April 1642 

John Smith & Sarah Woodward May 1645 

Daniel Cushing & Lydiah Gilman June 1645 

James Whiting & Mary Beal Dec 1647 

Mathew Bridgges & Deborah Cushing May 1648 

Richard Brown & Elizabeth Marsh at Weymouth Nov. 1648 

John Thaxter & Elizabeth Jacobs Dec 1648 

John Low & Elizabeth Stodder Feb. 1649 

John Tucker & Widow Norton June 1649 

•Samuel Stowell & Mary Farrow Oct 1649 

John Lazell & Elizabeth Gates Nov 1649 

Jeremiah Beal & Sarah Ripley at Boston Nov. 1 652 

Mathew Cushing & Sarah Jacob Feb. 1653 
Joseph Jewett at Boston & Wid. Allen, late Capt Bezoun Allen's 

wife May 1653 

Thomas Marsh & Sarah Beal March 1 649 

William Ripley & Wid. Thaxter Sept 1654 

Onisiphorus Marsh & Hannah Cutter Feb. 1655 

Joseph More & Ruth Star at Boston May 1656 

Jeremiah Fitch at Boston & Sarah Chubbuck Sept 1657 


First Settlers of Hingham. 


John Tucker & Elizabeth Hobart at Boston 

John son of Capt. Thomas Andruee & Patience Niekols 

John Beal & Widow Jacob 

John Lobdell & Hannah Leavitt 

John Low & Hannah Lincoln 

Henry Ward & Remember Farrow 

Samuel Peck & Prudence Clap at Dorchester 

Stephen Lincoln & Elizabeth Hawkes 

John Beal & Mary Gill 

Joseph Church & Mary Tucker 

Caleb Hobart & Mary Eliot at Braintree 

Peter Hobart & Susanna, D. of Jacob Eliot, at Boston 

Thomas Lincoln & Mary Chubbuck 

Abraham Ilolman & Sarah Pitts 

Humphrey Wilson & Judith Hersey 

Nathaniel Thomas & Deborah Jacob 

Joseph Bradford & Jael Hobart 

John Leavitt & Bathsheba Hobart 

Joseph Grafton & Eliza Browne 

Return Manning & Sarah Hobart 

John Hugh l\: Mary Hobart 

Caleb Beale & Widow Hewitts daughter 

Benj" Stutson of Scituate & Bethia Hawkes 

John Stodder <fc Hannah Briant 

James Hersey & Mary Farrow 

Thomas Humphrey & George Lane's daughter 

John Longley e^c Sarah Gill 

Joshua Lineoln & Deborah Hobart 

Joseph Berston & Susanna Lincoln 

Samuel Clap & Hannah Gill 

Robert Green & Elizabeth Nicols 

Samuel Thaxter So Abigail Church 

Benjamin Lincoln & Sarah Fearing 

Samuel Stodder & Elizabeth Gill 

Samuel Judkin & Elizabeth Leavitt 

Purdv Mairvarlow & Patience Russell 

Jo-' »ph Joy & Mary Prince 

William Roberto, Boston & Elizabeth Tower 

Caleb Church & Joanna Sprague 

Edward Cowell & Sarah Hobart 

Samuel Shrimpton & Abial Brown 
John Chubbuck cV .Martha Beal 
Esrael Hobart fc Sarah WithereH 
Nathaniel Chubbuck & Wid. Garnet 
Samuel Mason cv Judith Smith 
Benjamin Loring ^v .Mary Hawkes 
Josiah Lane & Deborah Gill 
Daniel Howard ^v Deborah Pitt 
Thomas Jewitl & Susanna Guilford 
John Bull & Mary Pitt 
Samuel Ingga & Mary Bed 
Thomas Gill & Susanna Wilson 
Thomas .loan*- ^v Elizabeth Pitt 
Samuel Hobart & Hannah Gold 

March ] 


Sept ! 




July ] 


Sept ] 


Feb. ] 


Feb. ; 


Feb. : 


Nov . 




April ' 























































1 GG7 


1 GG7 


1 cos 





























254 First Settlers of Hingham. [Juty* 

John Hobart & Hannah Burr 
Nathaniel Foulsham & Hannah Faxon 
John Lane & Mehitable 
Thomas Bacon & Christian Beale 
William Sprague & Deborah Lane 
Francis Barker & Mary Lincoln 
Dr Cutter & Mary Cowell 
Thomas Marsh & Sarah Lincoln 
Robert Waterman & Susanna Lincoln 
Simon Groce & Mary Bond of Boston 
Robert Williams of Roxbury & Wid. Fering 
Arthur Caone & Sarah Gold 

Note Groton burnt 

Marlborough burnt 
Rehoboth assaulted 
Sudbury burnt and Capt. ) 
Wadsworth & Capt. Broclebank slain ) 
John Jacob slain by the Indians 
near his fathers house — the same day about 
the same time Sergeant Pratt of Weymouth was slain 
Joseph Joanes & Anthony Sprague's houses burnt 
Also Israel Hobarts, Nath 1 Chubbucks & James Whiton's 
houses burnt to the ground by the Indians 

Henoch [perhaps Enoch] Hobart & Hannah Harris 

Josiah Leavitt & Margaret Johnson 

John Fering & Hannah Beal at Boston 

Israel Leavitt & Lidia Jackson at Plymouth 

Paul Gilford & Susanna Pullen 

John Record & Hannah Hobart 

Daniel Hobart at Boston and Elizabeth Warren 

Joseph Baset & Martha Hobart 

Daniel Lincoln & Elizabeth Lincoln 

Benj a Eastman & Anna Joy 

Nehemiah Clap & Sarah Leavitt 

Samuel Thaxter & Deborah Lincoln 

James Hawkes & Sarah Jacob 

William King & Deborah Prince 

Mr John Norton & Mary Mason at Boston 

Jacob Beal & Mary Beal 

Thus far appears to have been recorded by the Rev. Peter Hobart, and 
as the record says, afterwards continued by his son, David Hobart, The 
Rev. Peter Hobart died Jan. 20, 1679, and was buried on the 23d, in the 
75th year of his age, being 53 years a laborer in the work of the ministry ; 
about 43 years at Hingham. 

Peter Barns & Ann Canterbury July 1679 

A great fire in Boston wherein were burnt 77 ) A 1 f 79 

dwelling houses & 35 ware houses J " 

John Low & Ruth Joy Sept 1679 

Daniel Mason & Rebecca Hobart Oct 1679 

John Lane & Sarah Beale Jan. 1 680 

John Smith & Deac. Parkers daughter April 1680 

April 1674 
June 1674 

June 1674 

Nov. 1674 

Dec 1674 

Jan. 1675 

Jan. 1675 

May 1675 
Oct. 1675 

Oct. 1675 

Nov 1675 

Nov. 1675 

13 March 1676 

26 March 1676 

28 March 1676 

18 April 1676 



s Y April 20 
) 1676 

Aug. 1676 

Oct 1676 

Dec 1676 

Jan. 1677 

Feb. 1677 

July 1677 
Oct 1677 

Oct. 1677 

Jan 1678 

April 1678 
April 1678 
June 1678 

July 1678 

July 1678 
Nov 1678 

Jan. 1679 

1848.] Edward Breck. 256 

Daniel Cashing & Elizabeth Thaxter 

My Father [in law] Bdmund Qnincy iSc Mrs Eliot at Cambridge Dec 

John Mayo vv: I [annafa Freeman 

James Bay & Wid I Lewetl 

Ephraira Marsh & Elizabeth Lincoln 

Benjamin Hate & Mary Leavitl at New Lond«>u 

Jol in Lewis & Hannah Lincoln 

Joshua Ripley & Hannah Bradford at Plymouth 

John Otis & Grace Bacon at Barnstable 

John Stowell St Mary Beal 

Joseph Loring & Hannah Leavitl 

Nathan Farrow & Mary Garnet 

Joseph Bate <fc Mary Lincoln 

( laleb Lincoln & Ruth Bate 

Goodman Jenkins & Wid. Ripley 

Matliew Cushine & Jael Jacob 

Thomas Lincoln & Sarah Lewis 

Samuel ( rill & Ruth Lincoln 

Samuel Stowell & Rachel < rill 

Peter Cushing <fc Hannah Hawkes 

James Garnet & Elizabeth Ward 

John (son of (apt. Thomas Andrews) & Patience Nicoli 

Isaac Lazell & Abigail Leavitl 

Mr Woodbridge & Deborah Totton 

John Hunt & Ruth Quincy 

Jonathan M.iv k Sarah Longle 

Benjamin Joanes & Susanna Beal 

Enoch Whiting & IMary Lincoln 

Nathaniel Nicola & Sarah Lincoln 

Daniel Lincoln & Sarah Nicols 

Samuel Lincoln & Deborah Ilcrsey 

Elisha Turner & Elizabeth Jacob 

Stephen Garnet & Sarah Warren 

Ambrose Low & Ruth Andrews 

Thomas Remington & Remember Stowell 

[To be continued.] 




:<■ Dec 






Jan ] 

Oct ] 






July ] 


Oct ] 



68 l 
















( » ■ 

















Feb ] 


March 1 

Our materials are as yet exceeding scanty for the desired informa- 
tion of this early and enterprising emigrant to New England, and we 
should defer a notice of him in hopes of being better able to do his 
memory justice, but for a desire to lay before our readers the following 
letter, with which we have been favored by Mr. Theodore L. Howe 
of Dorchester, a. member of the society. Of the numerous original MS. 
documents in Mr. Howe's possession, this seems to be one of the most 
ancient ; and we select it for its value in adding a few facts to the fam- 
ily history of Edward Breck,* about whom so little is known. It is 

* On the origin of the name Breck we have only a short note. It was called an old 
word by Phillips and Kersey, about 150 years ago, and modern lexicographers haveexclud- 

256 Edward Breck. [July, 

highly deserving of a place here on another account — as a specimen of 
epistolary writing of that day, which will not suffer by a comparison 
with any we have met with. But it comes to us in such a state of de- 
cay, that we are sorry to be under the necessity of acknowledging, that 
with all the force of eyes we can bring to bear upon it, its copy is im- 
perfect. It has the appearance of having been saturated many times 
with water, and that of a color approaching nearly to the ink ; never- 
theless, we are very confident that we have approximated so near to 
the original, that its general import, and all its facts, are secured. 

We might very likely be able to give some clue to the family of the 
writer of the letter, had he designated the county where he wrote, but 
by his giving us no other landmark than the town or village, he has 
deprived us of the ordinary means of discovery resorted to in similar 
cases. There are so many Ashtons, dispersed in so many counties, that 
a search would consume more time than we can devote to it. 

The following is the article in Farmer's Register ', on Breck : — 

"Breck, Edward, Dorchester, a member of the church in 1636; adm. 
freeman, 1639. His son, Capt. John Breck, was father of Rev. Robert 
Breck of Marlboro', who was b. in Dorchester, 7 Dec, 1682, d. 6 Jan., 
1731. Sprague, Hist. Diet., 79. Robert, Boston, freem., 1649, probably 
son of Edward. His son Robert was b. 1658." 

The following letter makes it quite certain that the Robert of Bos- 
ton, was son of Edward. The Rev. Robert Breck of Marlboro', 
grad. H. C. 1700, ordained there 25 Oct., 1704. In the central vil- 
lage burying-ground is a monument to his memory, upon which is a long 
and highly commendatory Latin inscription, beginning, Reliquim terres- 
tres Theologi vere venerandi Roberti Breck sub hoc tumulo concervan- 
ter, &c. His wife was Elizabeth Wainwright of Haverhill, Ms. 

Among the papers communicated by Mr. Howe, there is an original 
deed, dated 20 June, 1638, setting forth, that, " I Thomas Treadwell 
of Ipswich in consideration of the sum of fiftie & one pounds, do coue- 
nant bargaine & sell vnto Edward Brecke of Dorchester al that house 
& tow accres of lande standinge & being on the ende of that lott next 
to the see that was m r Theophilus Wilson," &c. The same lot joined 
land, also, "that was Thomas Howes." This deed bears the names of 
John Crlouer and Thomas Starr as witnesses. In another original 
deed, 18 Feb., 1641, (1642) "ffrances Burre, the wife of M r . Jon- 
athan Burre,* late of Dorchester in New England ffor Dyurs consider- 
ations mee mooving, but especially for & in consideration of the some 
of Twentie pounds of Lawfull English money," — " of Edivard Breck 
of Dorchester, yeoman" — "& his haires All that great Lott, lying 
amongst the great Lotts, between the lotts of Mr. Israeli Stoughton & 

ed it. Our authors define it a bruise, or a gap in a hedge, and in old Latin deeds we find 
Brecca, " a breech, decay, or any other want of repair." Breck seems still to be used in 
some parts of England to denote pasture. See Thoresby's Ducatus Leodiensis, p. 99. 

* A biography of Rev. Jonathan Burr will be found in Dr. Harris's Memorials of Dor- 
chester, pp. 40, 41, from which we learn that Aaron Burr, Vice President of the U. S., was 
his descendant. 

is 18.] Edmard Bn 257 

of John Wiswall, containing twenty fouer A.cara bee it moer or 1 
Witnessed by -John O-louer and Richard Withington.* Signed 

"The p of 
lettre i 

1-Vi; LN( Bfi BUBRB*" 

The next paper in which we find the name of Edward Brbcb is an 

affidavit of Thomas Leake, dated 21. ( L) 58.: " I Thomas Leak Do 

Testifie that my Brother henry Leak & myself weare Chosen by Ed- 
ward Breck & John Smith to set out the hounds beetween them, in the 
Swamp beetweene there houses," fee. This document is witnessed by 
Humphrey Atherton, 

On the 24 Jan., 1679, (1680) "Nathaniel Turner of Sinn* . 
man," for £11. sells to John Breck of Dorchester, tanner, about two 
acres of land, being in a sartain neck Comanly Cald Captana Neck. 
This deed was acknowledged 26 Jan., 1679-80, before " William 
Stoughton Assist 1 ." It was witnessed by Samuel Paul and Timothy 
ffoeter. The name of John Bbece appears again in L681 as a witness 
to an assignment of Thomas Pope to Increase Sumner. Again in 
1685, when John Trescott, (carpenter,) deeds to him "his heyrei & 
exiccutors" an eighth of a sawmill, " which the said Triskit lately buelt 
jn dorchester nigh Daniel] Elders vpon neponset riuer, with the eight 
part of all yron work as well as timber with dams, Boomes, floome,' &c. 

We find Edward Breck among the select men of Dorchester in L642j 
one of a committee for building a new meeting house. L645; select 
man, 1646, 1655, 1656, 1659. That he held those offices at these 
dates, is shown in Blake's Annah of Dorchester, 

Mr. Edward Breck died Nov. 2, 1662, leaving children, Robert, 
John, Mary, Elizabeth, and Susannah. John followed the business of 
a tanner, and was extensively engaged in various kinds of business, and 
WSJ well known as ('apt. John Breck. The neck of land now called 
Squantum belonged to him. He died Feb. 4, 1691—2, leaving a wife 
and several children, the eldest of whom was Edward, (also a tanner,) 
who was the father of Jonathan Breck of Medfield, currier: Joseph of 
Bellingham, trader ; Edward of Salem, hatter ; and a daughter, wife of 
John Robinson of Dorchester. These last four children were all living 
in 1789. 

Susannah Breck, daughter of the first Edward, was living unmarried 
in 1674. Of the other children, Robert, Mary, and Elizabeth, our 
papers supply no facts. Capt. John Breck made a provision in his 
will, that " one son be brought up to learning." This son (whose name 
does not appear in the will) was doubtless the graduate of 1700, the 
Rev. Robert of Marlboro', before mentioned. In the genealogy of the 
Minot family, I., 173, it is stated that John Minot, who d. in Dorches- 
ter, 1690, m. Elisabeth Brick, who d. in the same town, 1670. She 
was, it is not unlikely, the Elizabeth, dau. of the first Edward BrecJc. 

Dr. Samuel Breck of Worcester, was a son of the Rev. Robert 

* Several persons of the name of Withington, at Dorchester, have attained a great age. 
The united ages of five of them are 411 years, while their average is 81 3-5 years. — The 
Sexton's Monitor, and Dorchester Cemetery Memorial. 

258 Edward Breck. [July? 

Breck of Marlboro', and was a surgeon in the revolutionary army. He 
is supposed to have gone to Worcester about 1730. In 1747, he re- 
moved to Windsor, Ct., but died in Springfield, in 1764. His house 
in Worcester was situated on the common, southeast of the meeting 
house, and was purchased by John Chandler, treasurer, for the use of 
the town.* 

The Rev. Robert Breck of Springfield, was son of the Rev. Robert 
Breck of Marlborough, Ms., and grandson of Capt. John Breck of Dor- 
chester.j He was the author of a valuable Century Sermon, 1775, 
and several funeral and other discourses. He died April 20, 1784, in 
his 71st year, and 49th of his ministry. On his monument in Spring- 
field, we read, 

He taught us how to live, & ! too high 
A price for knowledge ! taught us how to die. 

To fix a date to our letter is perhaps a more difficult thing than the 
reading of it ; the former may be impossible, and the latter is certainly 
next to it. All we are at present able to do is to suppose it was written 
about 1639. 

The name of Breck has probably, with some branch of the family, 
gone into that of Brick. The celebrated John Dunton, in his Life and 
Errors, has given a very amusing account of a widow Brick, as he 
spells the name, who was living in Boston when he was here, in 1686. 
His way of informing his reader that Mrs. Brick's husband was dead, 
is by saying that she had had her head cut off. On being invited to 
visit Natick, to attend the annual summer lecture there with several 
friends, he says, " When we were setting forward, I was forced, out of 
civility and gratitude to take Madam Brick behind me on horseback. 
It is true, she was the Flower of Boston, but, in this case, proved no 
more than a beautiful sort of luggage to me." 

The name of Breck does not appear in the earlier directories of Bos- 
ton, but in that of 1798, we find Joseph Brech, mariner, living in Sal- 
utation Alley, and Moses Breck, boat-builder, Ship street ; but no 

A " M r . John Breck" was a subscriber to Prince's New England 
Chronology, published in 1736, but without his place of residence being 

We now submit the letter, noting that the words in italics are sup- 
plied from the general context, and although they do not fully satisfy 
us in all cases, they convey, we think, the sense of the original. 

Ould and loueing ffrend 
though I haue written twise & receiued no returne, yet I cannot let 
slipp such as optunitie, but write againe at least w th importunitie, to 
force my old frend to his penn againe : But me thinkes my thoughts 
returne this ^.pollogie for my old frend, he is in sorrowe for his dear 
wife, for his sweet daughter, both which I hear god hath of late taken 
vnto himselfe. So hopefull a sonne here, J so gracious & sweet a wife 

* See Lincoln's Hist. Worcester, 173 and 254. 

t Worcester Magazine, II. 187. 

% By which it appears he left a son in England. 

L848.] Edward Breck. 259 

& daughter there, cannot but lye Closse to a tender father & loueing 
husband'a hart. But I question not but god hath fitted you for these 
sadd & heavie tryalls before lie brought them rpon you. Be hath 
stored you w tt grace to manage all states & Conditions, & wisdome 
to deny all affecions & ynseemly passions. N<ro you see the lords 
will is <lonc. I know you cannot but willingly submit. You have lost 
wife ,t children, louing & lonely, but they are not Lost, who are singing 
their halleluiahs in heauen, & inioy for an earthly husband, parent eter- 
nal! & havenly. But they were lonely & pleasent in their lines, and 
content & comfort was lapped upp in their inioyment. 1 know it was 
not so, you were of too nigh communion with god to Satisfie yourself w 
creature comforts. But, I loued them dearly, YOU! loue may DOW the 
more freely & intirely be carried on to god that gave them : ( > let all 
your sorrow he godly sorrow, vV all your ioy, ioy of the holy, holy ghost, 
w ch no man cann take from you; make god your all in all. let him be 
your treasure, so you cannot then be made poore by any loase, OT mis- 
erable by any distresse ; yea, so your dutes will be sweet, Crosses more 
tolerable, .-in intolerable; your hart more inlarged, mind more >]utu- 
alized, your life more gracious, death more comfortabl : . eing not 
only to your wife & children, but to your treasure & your all : we 
blesse god for your peace, rnion, & harmonic in your churches ; care to 
redresse errors and opinions which w tt us abound. Thesi tad >ijfh<'. 
turns Porceing mee to write something, have extorted ffro mee these 
fewe advertisements, which I begine to checke myselfe, knowing I write 
to an old disciple and one in Christ long before my selfe & line ami 
such water springs as need none <>f poore tauarles droppings ; but I 
haue done. Your old friend thinkes much. Bee hath not hard from 
you theise '2 yeares last past ; it may be you writt .e //>-■ lettre* miscar- 
ried. I pray you commend me dearly to your sonn Robert, & to your 
man John Birchall,* that went ouer with you fro our Towen 1 hear he 
is well & liueing in your Town again. So in hast I rest. 
Ashton vl ih of the ij Monthe yor dear (Trend 

[Superscribed] James Wood 

To his deare and loueing 
ffrend Edward Brecke at 

DorChester in Newe 
England these. 

We should be glad if it were in our power to offer something upon 
the history of the writer of the foregoing letter, but his name, like that 
of the place where he wrote the letter, is found in so many places, it is 
difficult to determine any thing with certainty about him. The^name 
of Wood occurs very early in the annals of New England. William 
Wood, who wrote that excellent book about New England called 

* We have not met with this name elsewhere. It may be that since written Birch. 
There was a Samuel Birch of Dorchester in 1734. who was son of Joseph of that town, 
blacksmith. Farmer found a Thomas Bircher, 1637; Edward Burcher, Plymouth, 1623, 
but no Birchall nor Birch. If it be the same as Bir chard, very likely he went to Norwich, 
as this name appears there in 1660. In our present volume, p. 52, we have John Burchley, 
(there misspelt Burchly,) of Roxbury. See Vol. I., 315. 

260 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [July, 

" NEW ENGLANDS PROSPECT," may have been of his family. 
He caiie here, as is inferred from a passage in his work, as early as 
1629, or perhaps 1628 — very probably with Gov. Endicott. His book 
was printed in 1634, in London, immediately on his return to England, 
and about all we know of him is contained in it. There is such a for- 
est of woods, from that time to the present, both in Old and New Eng- 
land, that for any one out of that forest to undertake to give any gene- 
alogical account of them, would be a task very much like that for a 
native of the western prairies to undertake to trace the pedigree of the 

It may not be uninteresting, however, nor without its use, to give a 
short pedigree of a James Wood, a Puritan, a cotemporary at least 
with the writer of our letter. 

James Wood was a cornet of dragoons under Cromwell. He was a 
Yorkshire man, and finally settled in Ireland, in the county of Sligo. He 
m a dau. of Archdeacon Brown of Skreene, Killala, and d. in 1692, leav- 
ing a son and heir. 

James, Esq., whose wife was dau. of Langs of Skreene. He had a son 

James, Esq., b. 1702, who m. Catherine Fleming, widow, dau. of 

Walker of Athlone. His eldest son was 

James, Esq., b. 1732, whose wife was Maria, dau. of James Leech, Esq. 
He d. 1794, and his eldest son 

James, Esq., succeeded him, and served as high sheriff of his county. 
He d. in 1814, and was succeeded by 

James Wood, Esq f , who was b. 1797, and is the present representative 
of the family.* 


[Continued from p. 186, of this volume.] 

John Perry. 

This 4° of June 1642. 24 (5) 1643 [in margin.] 

I John Perry of Roxbury, being weake in body. My wife shall have all 
my house, & land & goods, w th in doores & w th out, & to bring up my chil- 
dren vntil my eldest son is of the age of 21 yeares, then halfe my house 
& land or the benefit thereof to be equally divided vnto my three chil- 
dren, the other halfe unto my wife during her naturall life, then the whole 
to remaine vnto my children, that is to say, a double portion vnto my old- 
est son, & the other theird equal portions. Therefore furder my desire 
& request is vnto my beloved brethren, William Hetth & Phillip Eliot 
be pleased to oversee & councell my wife & children for their best com- 
fort as they are able. John Perry. 
Isaack Heath 
Witnessed by Phillip Eliot to be the will 
of John Perry, before the Court of Boston, the 7° 
of the 1°. 1642 or 1643. Increase Nowell Sec: 

* See Burke's Genealogical works. 

1848.] Abstract* of the Earliest Wills. -*il 

Jonathan Waymoot ii. 
24° (fi°) 1 648, [in margin.] 

I Jonathan Waymouth, seaman, bound f'<>r the west Indies, giue my goods 

to John Sweete, shipwright of Boston, for his use till I returne. First, 
he is to receive from goodman ffracterof Dorchester two Ewe Goats & 
21' for me, from David Anderson at Long Island, 31' from goodman .Mer- 
ry, £o. after (>d. .Merry hath receiued it of John Saunder, fisherman, 
liueing at Pascataway, A also he is to receiue from Richard wright of 
Boston, £10. 5' after he has receined it of Edward Eleathe, 7 '' 5', & 3£ 
more from Arthur Browne* Of James Daviea 18". one Buite of apparel] 
& cloake w'"' 1 he is to sell for me, & as I think worth 50", as also one sil- 
ver spoone of 5' prise: one chesl of 7" worth, & bookes & other Bmale 

things in the chest, \v dl the afore-aid John Swe< te is tO Bell & imp; 
till I, Jonathan Waymouth, do come againe. 

this l'J" 1 day novemher: 1639 A hand & S- ale. 

Witness, John Mansfield. 

deposed that this is a true Copie of 

the will before the Court, 26 (11°) 1642. 

Incn ase Nowell Sec : 

Samuel Hagbobne.* 

24° (5°) 1643, [in margin.] 

The nineteenth of January, 1642. I Samuel Haghorne of Roxbury, haue- 
ing my understanding & memory, do make & ordaine this my last will & 
Testament. Imprimus, wife sole executrix. I intreate the Reverend & 
beloved Elders & deacons of our church of Roxbury to 1><3 ouerseerSy& I 
giue them power t<> order all my estate, A guide my wife in all her waves. 
Item. My debts in England shall he paid out of my stock or lands. Item. 
Oldest daughter, Elizabeth, shall haue the greate pot & 3 Bilver spoones 
which her Grandfather gave her, — each of my daughters shall haue a 
bed, blanket, Rugg, boalster & a pair of sheets, only my wife shall take 
her choice of the best first. Out of my create desire to promote learning 
for Gods bono 1- A the good of his church, my will is that when Roxbury 
shall set up a free sehool in the towne. there shall be 10" p annu out of 
the neck of land, & 10' p annu out of the house & house lot vnto it for 
ever. Item. I giue vnto my brother, Abraham Haghorne, the heifer 
w ch I bought of Daniel Brewer, & my suite of apparell. Item I giue 
vnto my brother Lugg four bushels of Indian corne and my suite of ap- 
parell. Item. I give betwixt my dan. Eliz th , my maide Alice, A- my man 
Nathaniel, the heifer w ch I bought of Mr. Gore, wdiereof one quarter be- 
ing Alices already, I giue her another quarter, so that it is half hers & 
the other half equally between Eliz th A Nathan 1 . afores d ., if he serve his 
time out faithfully to my wife. To my Eldest son Samuel half my house 
& lands called the neck, when he is one & twenty. Wife to haue the 
hay of 10 Acres of saltmarsh on the furder side, as long as she liueth. 

* This name is spelt many ways. Farmer has " Hackburne, Abraham, freem. 1645, 
had sons, Isaac, b. 1642; Joseph, b. 1652. Samuel, Ms , freem. 1638," which is all he has 
given us. Mr. Ellis (Hist. Roxbury, 120,) has no Abraham, but gives us the children of 
Samuel, as follows: Elizabeth, b. 24 April, 1635; Samuel, b. 1637; John, b. 1640; Han- 
nah, b. 5 January, 1642. Samuel, our testator, died 24: 11 : 1642. 

2G2 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. [July, 

Item. To son Samuel my house, house lott & swamp at his mothers de- 
cease. If he die under age, my sonne John shall have half his lands, & 
the other half to be equally divided between my two daughters. If both 
my sons die, my daughters to be joint heirs. To Son John the other half 
of my land called the Neck at one &c twenty. To oldest daughter my 
peece of land called the Calues pasture, when she is one & 20. To my 
younger daughter, my woodlot & my part of the 4000 Acres w ch is about 
100 &c four score Acres, more or lesse, when she is eighteen. If she die 
under age her sister shall be her heir. Item. I give my last Division of 
Land in Roxbury to my two daughters after my wifes disease. My 
greate desire is that one sonne be brought up to learning, if my estate will 
afforde it. p me Sam Hagburne. 


William Perkins 

Joseph weld 

Joshua Hewes 

John Johnson 

Deposed the 8 th day of the first M°: 


before the Court, witnes, Increase Nowel Secretary. 

Richard Carver. 

30° (8°) 1643, [in margin.] 

In the name of God Amen, the eighteenth day of December, in the yeare 
of o r Lord God, 1638. I Richard Carver of watertowne, in New Eng- 
land, yeoman, being sick, but of perfect memory. Item. To Elizabeth 
Carver, my daughter, £30. in money or goods. Item. To Susanna Carver, 
my daughter, the value of £30 money or goods, all the residue of all my 
goods & houseing, w th my lott lands, chatties, Cattell, money & debts 
whatsoeuer, vnto Grace, my wellbeloued wife, she to pay the legacies & 
to keep my daughter Susanna vntil she be disposed of. 

witnesses Nicholas Guye* A hand & Seale 

Joseph Tainterf 
Testified before the Governo r , John Winthrop, 
the 9° of 7°, 1641. 

Henry Russell. 

30° (8) 1643, [in margin.] 

The last will of Henry Russell of Weymouth, the 28° of the 11° Month, 
1639. I giue my wife half my land & half my house, my land being 
eight acres or there abouts, during her widowhood. My daughter Eliz- 
abeth full & sole heire, executor & administrator of all my house, lands 
goods cattle, money now in possession, or otherwise in grant vndisposed 
of — y 4 v* £30. be not paid to goodman stowe his vse in England, w ch I 
took vp of him here in Cattle & goods, then shall my wife & daughter 
equally make satisfaction. Overseers of this my will, & also of this my 
child, namely Zaccheus Goold, will™ Cowdery, Edward Batts,J Henry 

* Guy, Nicholas, Watertown, a deacon, Avas admitted freeman, 1639. — Farmer. 
t The same, probably, who came to New England in 1638, in the ship Confidence of 
London, from Southampton, at the age of 25 years. See p. 108 of this volume. 
J Not clear in the record, but I doubt not it should be Batte. 

1848.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills. 26 


Russell. Witnesses, John Vppam Edward Batte, Jeremy Gould Fur- 
ther I giue & assign vnto Jane my wife, the remainder of time to be 
served 1>)' my Bernanl John Comstock. 

Ill m:y lit —i i.i. X his mark. 

Witnessed by [as above] 

This is a true copy of the original will proved before the Govern© 1 by 
the oath of Edward Batte, one of the win,- sea 9 (8) L640, to be en- 
tered by tin- Recorder. 

Testor Tho : I- chford. 

Thomas Bi i i LEfi i ONE.* 

30 (S) 1648, [in margin.] 

lie deceased the .">" of Nouember 1640, Imp. To my daughter, Elizabeth 
Bittlestone, for her childs portion, Xl."><». To Mr. Thomas Shepherd 1 1 1 « - 
pastor of Cambridge £5. To Mr. ffoordam") who came over in the Bhip 

w th me, tbr a token. 2". To my wife, Elisabeth Bittlestone, the rest <>■' 

mine estate. I leane to my wife my boy, John Swan, to seme her Bixe 

years, Bhe then to giue him !'•">. If my daughter dye before -lie com 
perfect aire, then her estate to return to my wife. Should they both dye, 
then one 3 d of my estate to he giuen to my Natural] kindred in OuUl 
England, one 8 4 to this church of Cambridge, the other 3 d to my two 

friends, Thomas Cheesholand, & W". Cutter, both of Cambridge. Tho : 

Cheesholand <!v AY" 1 Cutter shall haue the oversight of mv daughters • - 

Witnesses Richard Cutter Deposed the 7" of the 7" month L643 
Katherine Haddon by these three before me 

Barbara Cutter Samuel Symone & 

Increase NowelL 

M<>-i - 1' mm:.} 

;5<) ,h (8) L643, [in margin.] 

I moses Paine of Braintree in New England gent Son moses Executor. 

To Steven Paine my second sonne one quarter of my goods *.V lands in 

Braintree, Cambridge, Concord & Pascataway in New England, also a 

quarter of my goods or debts in Oil Id England if they may be recovered. 

* The inventory of his estate amounted to £271 2s.: 2d., £175 of which was in money. 
It bears date of record 30 (8) 1643. and is signed by Thomas Chcctholmc, John Sill, and 
William Cutler. The name of BlTTl BSTONK Ifl not found in Farmer's Register. He lived 
in Cambridge. We know none of the name at this time. 

t Perhaps Robert, a minister, who went to South Hampton, L. I. There are many of 
the name on the easterly part of the island at this day. The Kcv. Robot Fordham, prob- 
ably accompanied Rev. Mr. Denton to Hempstead in 1644, as he is the first person named 
in KeifVs patent to that town. His wife's name was Elizabeth. His children were, Han- 
nah, who married Samuel Clark, another dan., who m. Lieut. Fdward Howell, both of 
Hempstead; John, who d. 1683; Jonah, a minister, who preached a time at Hempstead, 
after Mr. Denton left, in 1662; Robert and Joseph. Mr. Fordham died in September, 
1674. His son Jonah, above named, had a son Josiah, also a clergyman, who preached a 
while at Setauket, after the death of Mr. Brewster. Said Josiah Fordham was the great- 
grandfather of B. F. Thompson, Esq , the historian of Long Island, our chief authority 
for this note. 

J Inventory on record, amounting to £671: 03s., debts to be paid out <£73-5s.-5d. 
Dato of entry 30 (8) 1643. Signed by Robert Kitchcll, William Chittenden, Benjamin Albc, 
and John Reade. 

264 Epitaph. [July, 

To Elizabeth Paine my daughter one quarter of my goods in the fore- 
named places, & in Ould England if they be recovered. Out of the for- 
mer houshold stuffe, that one chest of fine Linnen be giuen to her, except- 
ing two paire of fine & stronge sheetes, to be giuen to son Moses, & two 
paire to son Steven, Strong & good. Sonne Steven to be vnder sonne 
Moses' tuition till at the age of 20 & 3 yeeres. To sonne Steuen twenty 
pounds sterling. To be brought vp at schoale for three months, & 6 
months for the bettering of his reading & writing, to be paid for by son 
Moses, lastly the moity & one halfe of my estate, goods, house, lands, 
cattle, debts, moveables, Chatteles be giuen to my oldest sonne, Moses 
Payne,* & he to be sole executor. Further, to the said Moses I giue 
half my debts in Ould England, if they may be recouered. Daughter 
Elizabeth to be paid her portion wi thm three months after my decease. 
17th of the 4th mo., commonly called June, 1643. 

A Hand. 
Witnesses John Mills, 

Daniel Weld. 
As an addition to this my last will, I Moses Paine bequeath unto my 
wife, Judith Paine, twenty shillings, to be paid her wth n the space of 
ten yeares after my decease. 
20th 4th m ., 1643. 
Richard Brackett, 
Henry Adams, 
John Mills. 


Here lies the body 

of William Hogarth Esqr 

who died October the 26 th 1764 

aged 67 years 

Mrs. Jane Hogarth 

wife of William Hogarth Esqr 

Obiit the 13 th of November 1789 

iEtat 80 years — 

Farewell great Painter of Mankind, 
Who reach'd the noblest point of Art ; 

Whose pictur'd morals charm the mind, 
And thro' the eye correct the heart. 

If Genius fire thee, reader stay ; 

If Nature touch thee, drop a tear ; 
If neither move thee, turn away, 

For Hogarth's honour'd dust lies here. 

* " Moses Pajne, Ensigne to the foote compa in Braintry being remooved from thence, 
the magist doe Appoint Sergt. Robert Swelus (?) to be Ensigne to y* Compy in bis stead.' ? 
— General Court Files. 

MS.] Thonuu Eol 

igland Historical and ' BtgitUr.] 


Mi:, l'.i.i rOB, — 

A few months -incc an original letter "f Thomas H<>!li> to Dr. lacrosse Mather, which 
hai probably never been printed, was lent me by a friend. Thinking it might !>«■ inl 
iiiL, r to tin- public, I made a copy for publication. Soon afterwards, in looking over ■ 
ante of the .\<-u England Weekly .Journal of the year 1731, I met with an accoant of the 
death of Mr. Hoilis, accompanied with a statement of bis benefactions to Harvard ( College. 
As these documents will naturally be read with greater interest in connectioi I ! J ><>tli 
for insertion in the pages of the Register. 

The. Rev. Andrew Elliot, D. D n in a letter to Mr. Holhs's nephew, Thomai Ho 

generous benefactor of Harvard, says. •• \i> one can be a friend to the College, or to 
New England, and not venerate the name ofHollis." 1). J'i i 

S3 171!). 
R] \ I REND SlH 

I received your letter — and present of books — for wch I thank von, I 
have read them all thorn with pleasure, & reioyce in your ».v the Chur 
mercie from God, thai you arc enabled to bring forth such fruit in old 

— and pray God to preserve y • usefulnes yel longer for his Service on 

Earth — my aged Father — at about 83. departed this life, wch was about 
:i yeare agoe — having been useful a. liberal to many in his day; and a 
gratious Blessing thrd Gods grace attends hi s ed after him. I am now 
about <> () . years of age, a baptized Christian a< he was; and desirous to be 
faithful — and to l<>ve till men that call on our Lord Jesus Christ and Love 
lil in in Sinc< rity. 

He lived to sec all his Children make professon of their Faith — be Bap 
lized — and added to the Church of Christ, now meeting at Pinnars hall 
under the care of M r Jere : Hunt and sundry of his ( rrandchildren with ma- 
ny others related to him in the flesh — wch was a great comfbii to him — 
it pleased God to afflict him with blindnes in both Eyes above 20 years, 
wch he bore wth ancomon Patience. I note these particu] ause in 

your letter you seem to have some faint remembrance of him, but to have 
forgotten me, th.6 in my letter to you I hinted, I was the man that gave 
you a minute out of my Unkle Thorner'a will — whose Executor I am: 
ja yon said you would cause it to be recorded In your Colledg Registers — 
aproving of my said (Jnkles pious thought, tho a< yet very distant — I was 
willing of my own substance to make a present to y c same purpose — I am 

glad it is well arived, and sold — and the produce paid to your Treasurer, 
whose receipt I have reeeivd — I perceive there was some damage bya 

Stonne, wch has caused some abatement that it falls a little short of i".°>»H) — 
so much as it is, I doubt not but you or the present worthy President will 
take care to dispose of according to my intention, it would please me if I 
might advise, that the first intrest money arising — so much as may make 
it up even £300 — might be added — so as that your Register may stand 
an even Summe — and then the produce afterwards to be applyed as you 
was mentioning, and may the Lord Jesus Christ aprove & accept it, as 
being done to his servants — for his name & honour on earth. 
I have tho ts living — or by Will to order over to you a larger parsel [of] 
goods, the produce to be added for same uses to the summe you now have 
in hand — 

please to accept a few books in return from me also. I was in y e Country 
neare Chichester — when I reeeivd yours of the 15 June & wrote the fore- 
going answer — and mist an opportunity of forwarding it as designd before 


266 Thomas Hollis. [July, 

Winter — humbly desiring your prayers for me & mine, that I may be 
found faithful to Death &c 

Reverend Sir Sir your very Loving freind 

Tho Hollis 

London Xber. 21. 1719 



The Reverend Doctor 

Increase Mather 
Rec d April 21 st in 

1720 Boston 

New England 

From The New England Weekly Journal, Monday, March 29, 1731. 
London, Jan. 19. 


Last Week died Thomas Hollis, sen. Esq ; an eminent Ironmonger in 
the Minories, possess'd of a very great Estate : He was nominated for Sher- 
iff of this City by Sir Gerard Conyers, in the Time of his Mayorality, and 
eminent for his Bounty towards promoting Religion in New England, &c. 

From The New-England Weekly Journal, Monday, April 19, 1731. 

Boston, April 14, 1731. 

WHereas some of the good People of our Country, piously disposed to 
honour the Memory of our late great and generous Benefactour, Thom- 
as Hollis Esq ; of London, have earnestly desired to be informed what the 
Benefactions of Mr. Hollis to the College have been, to what Sum they 
amount, and how he came to shew us the kindness of GOD as he has done: 
It is therefore tho't fit to insert the following Account (however imperfect) 
in this public Paper. 

When the Rev. Dr. Increase Mather was Agent for the Province in 
London, Anno 1G90, he was known in his Character of President or Rector 
of Harvard College to Mr. Hollis, who then told him that he purpos'd to 
remember said College in his Will, which was no doubt gratefully accepted 
& encouraged by Mr. Mather. 

Accordingly Mr. Hollis put down in his Will one Hundred Pounds 
Sterl. to the said College whenever he should die ; & so it stood till about 
the Year 1717, or 18. At which time it pleased GOD to incline Mr. Hol- 
lis to be his own Executor, and he sent over the said Sum to the College, 
and Mr. Cradoch paid three hundred Pounds our Money to Mr. Treasurer 

At the same time the good Providence of GOD had order'd it that the 
Rev. Mr. Benjamin Colman, of Boston then one of the Reverend Corpo- 
ration, had for about two Years corresponded with Mr. John Hollis, a wor- 
thy Gentleman in London, in behalf of two poor Orphans a Minister's 
Daughters, who nam'd him to Mr. Colman as their Father. 

Mr. Colman being then to write to Mr. John Hollis just as the gift of 
Mr. Thomas Hollis came to hand ; he naturally was led to observe to Him 
how One of his Name had surprised us with his Goodness and Bounty. 
" It may be (added Mr. Colman) the Gentleman may be known to You, or 
" may be related to You ; and if it should so happen I would pray you to 
u give Him my Thanks, being one of the present Governours of the Col- 

1848.] Thomas ll„l(is. 

■•■. and lei him sec the following Account of it. In this Account Mr. 
Caiman wbe directed by (i<)j) to inform oar Benefactor, of whom and hi< 
Principles be was utterly ignorant, "That the Son- of Parents /.' 
4, in their Judgment, or Baptists, were equally received instructed and •_ 
Posted in our little Academy, at well - - i- those of oar own P , 

rational or Presbyterian, 

Tins, and Borne other thingi in Mr. Colmari I. tter, happen'd to BUfc 
please Mr. Hollis, who was in Judgment against / • but bo 

Catholic in his Temper & Practice, that he was a Member in full Com- 
munion at Pinners- Hall in London, an eminent Church there of the ( 

gregOtional Denomination. 

Mr. John Hbllis was own Brother to Thomas, our Bene! and 

when //<• receivM Mr. ColmarCs Letter he gave it to his Brother, who im- 
mediately b jan his Correspondence with Mr. ling him 
"the Account he had given him of the College pleas'd him bo much that he 
"had sent over two hundred Pounds more for the College, towards 
Support of poor Students in it. And Mr. Treasurer that fear (1719) 
ceiv'd Six hundred Pounds more, in addition to the fir 

Mr. Col man could not hut return u eery grateful Acknowledgment for 
bo great a Bounty as nine hundred Pounds received. But in hi rhe 

happen'd to Bay, "That if he could have [magin'd bo 
"any Gentleman to the College, he Bhould have wish'd it might lm . 
'* a Foundation for a Professor of Divinity, which should have born the 
f Benefactors Name to all Posterity among us, by the Will of GOD. 

Mr. Hbllis answered "with Wonder thai we had not a /' r of Di- 

vinity before that Day, & pray'd to be immediately inform'd, u What would 
be a meet Stypend or Salary for on 

Bui before the Corporaivms Answer could reach him he had ship'd 
more Goods to the College Treasurer, which arriv'd safely to the Sum of 
fifteen hundred Pounds our money. 

tie then inform'd Mr. /' tt and the ration, tineX his 

Purpose was, if GOD pleas'd, to have ten Students in the College who 

should yearly and for ever receive BCD ; and would allow 

E hty Pounds per Annum for a Professor of Divinity; and ten Pounds 

per Annum to the Treasurer of the College for hi< Care and Troubli 
keeping his Accounts distinct ; and //re Pounds more yearly tor incidental 

Charges or Deficiencies. And then bis Bounty amounted to one hundred 
and ninety five Pounds per Annum. 

Mr. Hollis at the same time wrote in several Letters to Mr. Cob 
about a Professor of the Mot hematic,', fa Natural ai E 

tal Phylosophy, that it was much upon his Heart to get One in our C<>! 
and within the Compass of a few Years he sent over Moneys for this Foun- 
dation also, and fix'd his stypend also at Eighty Pounds per Annum. And 
because this was an Increase of Mr. Treasurer's Labour, he added an 
ten Pou fids per Annum for Him. And so his Bounty stands at two hun- 
dred eighty and five Pounds per Annum. 

But besides these noble Foundations, he has added many other valuable 
Gifts. His Apparatus for his Professor of Experimented Philosophy eo^t 
him one hundred and twenty or ( fifty, I know not which) Pounds Sterl. 
His Hebrew and Greek Types sent to the College cost him forty Pounds 
Sterl. But how much the many small Boxes of Books which he sent 
over to the Library cost Him, He himself only knew. I suppose the Col- 
lege may well estimate 'em at several hundred Pounds our Money. But 


Passengers for Virginia, 


many of these Books he let us know were given by his Friends, tho' all of 
his Procuring for us. To all he added his Picture at the Bequest of Mr. 
President Leverett and Mr. Column. 

If the foregoing Account may gratify our inquisitive Friends, do Honour 
to our Deceased Benefactor, stop the Mouths of the Envious and stir up 
Others to do Good hoping for nothing again, I shall not repent the little 
pains of this Extract. 


[Communicated by H. G. Somerby, Esq.] 

28 May 1635. Theis under written names are to be transported to Vir- 
ginea imbarqued in the Speedwell of London Jo : Chappell M r being exam- 
ined by the minister of Gravesend of their conformitie to the orders and 
discipline of the Church of England & have taken the oath of Allegiance. 

Years. i Year?. 

Henry Beere, 

Jo : West, 

Richard Morris, 

Nic° Tetloe, 

W m Shipman, 

Nathaniell Faicrbother, 

Richard Baylie, 

W m Spencer, 

James Lowder, 

Chri : Metcalf, 

Jeremy Burr, 

Will m Basford, 

Jo : Watson, 

Jo : Gilgate, 

Rob 1 Spynk, 

Richard Rowland, 

Tho: Cliilds, 

Jo : Curden, 

Tho : Romncy, 

Jo : Harris, 

Christopher I'iddington, 

Edmond Clark, 

Jonas Smith, 

W m 1 1 vnlon, 

Jo : Mowser, 

Samuell Tyres, 

W" SteebenB, 
Tho: Busby, 
Richard Ilarvy, 
Tho : Robins, 

24 Jo : Beeby, 
30 Jo : Turner, 

19 Samuell Holmes, 
35 Jo: Bever, 

22 Jo : Talbott, 
2 1 1 Ed ward Austin, 
22 Tho: Greene, 
17 1 Richard Browne, 
20^™ Appleby, 
10 Robert Parker, 

20 W m Cunningham, 
10 Tho: Willis', 

22 W m Straughan, 
22 Geo : Sympson, 
20 Richard Phillips, 
•Jo Arthur Saidwell, 
30 Melashus McKay, 
22 Richard Thomas, 

19 Katherin Richards, 

20 Marie Sedgwick, 

18 Elizabeth Biggs, 
1(> Dorothie Wyncott, 
22 Ann W\ ncott, 

25 Phillipp Biggs, 
22 Elizabeth Pew, 

21 Francis Langworth, 

22 Chr: Reinolds, 

19 Abrara Poore, 

82 Elizabeth Tuttell, 





G mo. 

1848.] Mr. Fitch. 269 


North Hadley 1 mo. 27th 1848. 
Eespected Friend, the Editor of the New England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

From the " Register," Vol. I., page 315, 1 copy the following ; viz.: 

"In the year 1660, the Rev. James Fitch, the first pastor of the church 
of Saybrook, with the greater part of his church, moved from Saybrook 
to Norwich. Said Mr. Fitch continued to be pastor of said church at Nor- 
wich, until by reason of his age and infirmity he resigned his said office 
about the year 1696, and in 1702 removed to the town of Lebanon, and 
soon after died in a good old age." 

To add to the information respecting this. James Fitch, I will copy an 
extract from my friend the late John Fitch of Mansfield, Ct., who was 
many years a judge in that state. 

" The Venerable Mr. Fitch of whom you speak is my ancestor, being 
the fifth generation from him in the line of his 4th son, John, who settled 
in Windham. He had nine sons and five daughters. One or more of 
his sons settled in Lebanon, where he retired after the infirmities of age 
rendered him unable to pursue his public labors, where he died. The old 
burying-ground in Lebanon received his remains, and contains a monument 
to his memory. 

"The inscription [on said monument] is as follows : — 'In hoc Sepulchro 
depositae sunt Reliquiae, viri vere Reverendi domini Jacobi Fitch ; natus 
fuit apud Bocking in Comitatu Essexiae in Anglia, Anno Domini 1622, De- 
cembris 24. Qui postquam Unguis et Uteris optime institutus fuisset, in 
Nov- Anglia venit, aetatis 16, et deinde vitam degit Harfordiae, per sep- 
tennium sub institutione virorum celeberrimorum domini Hooker et domini 
Stone. Postea munere pastorali functus est apud Saybrook, per annos 14. 
Illine, cum ecclesiae, majori parte Norvicem migravit et ibi caeteros vitas 
annos transegit in opere evangelico. In senectute, vero prae corporis in- 
firmitate necessario cessabat ab opere publico ; tandemque recessit liberis 
apud Lebanon, ubi, semi-anno fere exacto obdormivit in Jesu, anno 1702, 
Novembris 18, aetatis suae 80 ; vir ingenii acumine, pondere judicii, pruden- 
tia, charitate sancta, laboribus, et omnemodo vitae sanctitate, peritia quoque, 
et vi concionandi nulli secundus/ 

" Those of the name in the vicinity of Windham, Lebanon, Canterbury, 
Preston, Norwich, and Montville are his descendants. Those in the west- 
ern part of the state (Connecticut) descended from his brother Thomas, who 

settled in Norwalk ."* Thy Friend, 

D. M. Leonard. 

* In the Rev. Dr. Hall's Hisfori/ of Norwalk, Ct., will be found the best kind of mate 
rials for a genealogy of this branch of the Fitch family. — Ed. 


Woburn Burying- Ground. 





The following copies -were made by me during the past summer. My object was to fill 
up the Records of Deaths for this town, which are about being re-copied by the Rev. 
Samuel Sewall of Burlington. Thinking this list might be of some interest to your 
readers, particularly that portion of them who are engaged in antiquarian researches, I 
send it to you to dispose of as you may think proper. 

Respectfully yours, 

N. Wtman, Je. 


































Dea Josias 

Liewt James 

Edward s of Edward & Sarah 

Anna w of Liewt. James 

Elisabeth w of John 

William s of John & Abigail 


Cap* John 

Lieu* James 

Timothy s of Josiah & Ruth 

Josiah s of Josias & Ruth 

Ebenezer s of James & Hannah 

John s of John & Elisabeth 

Henry do do 

Elisabeth d of James & Hannah 

Lieut Mathew 

Lieu* John 

George son of George & Abigail 

Henry " John & Elisabeth 

Joseph " « 


Elisabeth d of John & Elisabeth 

Dorcas d of Daniel & Hannah 


Here. Lies y e Body of y e 

Reverand Jabez Fox 

Pastor of the Church 

of Christ, in Woburn 

23 years. 

Aged 56 years 

Deceised February 28, 1702-3 

8 th 1689 a 72 
17 1690 a 49 
28 1691 a 3 days 
10 1691 a 69 y 

6 1691 a 78 

7 1692 a 1 y 9 m 

26 1692 a 37 
14 1692 a 76 

4 1693 a 44 
3 d 1693 a 2 m 
30 1693 a 3 y 

9 1693 a about 5 ■ 
10 1693 
19 1694 

27 1694 a 19 y 
19 1696 62 y 

1 1696-7 58 y 
6 1697 9 weeks 
21 1697 
b Sept. 12 1698 & d the same day 
May 29 1698 about 79 
Mar 4 1698-9 5 m 
b Oct. 18 1697 d Mar 7 169* 
Nov. 28 1699 about 82 

d. Feb 

Nov 7 1703 16 y 
Jan 18 1703 61 y 


Dea. Samuel 

Stephen son of Stephen & Bridget Sep* 21 1703 7 y 3 
Elisabeth wife of Henry June 3 1703 43 y 

Henry s of John & Elisabeth, b Mar. y e 27 & died ye 29. 170( 
Dority [Dorithy] d John & Elisabeth Mar 23 1704 9 m 
Willing John & Margarett Mar 14 1703-4 11 v 5 urn 

John s of John & Ruth May 21 1705 20 y 

Timothy ' June 19 1706 34 y 

[To be continued.] 

1 - 18.] A Tragedy of the Sea. 271 


[I do not remember that any early writer on the events of Indian warfare in New Eng- 
land takes ootice of this affair of the Tiltons, except Penhallow, and he neither m< i 
who they were or whence they came. Hia notice i-ih follows: "About the 6ame time 
(his last date being July) the chief, Capt. Samuel, with five othen boarded Lieut Tilton, 
as he lay at anchor fishing, near Damans cove. They pinioned him and hi> brother, and 
beat them rery sorely; at length, one getting unloosed, released the other. They then fell 
with desperate fury on the Indians, kill one. and mortally wound tWO more."] 

To the Publisher of the Genealogical Register. 

Newburyport, Feb. 51 
I )i \\i SlB, — 

I -end you far publication in the Register, a veritable specimen of the 
literature <>f our ancestors, which is of the more value thai it records some 
of their sufferings and achievements* More fortunate than the heroes who 
lived before Agamemnon, these "valiant Tiltons" found a poet and Burvive, 
but I to say, that Buch enquiries a- 1 have made have been unavail- 

ing to remove tin; envious obscurity which hangs around the initial letters 
of the poet's own name. His statement Bhows him to have received his 
relation from tin- lips of those In- sung, and perhaps the annals or traditions 
of [pewich may eventually throw light upon this greatly-to-be-depli 

Tin- verses themselves were reprinted some years ago, from an ancient 
copy, — 

Itself the sole survivor, — 

which I well remember to have been cherished with affectionate . by a 

respected relative, now long since deceased, ami which hung in her apart- 
ments scrupulously enclosed in black frame ami glass. You will obs< 
that this was a republication by that patriarch of printing, Isaiah Thomas, 
ami his 'partner, from a still more ancient copy. This variety of editions 
would seem to speak for the estimation in which either the \ r tin- 

exploit, or both, were held. Our fathers were pioUE '1 as brave, and 

no doubt looked upon this as a signal deliverance. Besides, the parties 

were of some distinction. Lieutenant Tilton. to he sure, like the warriors 
commemorated by Horace, in their disasters, throws aside till vain preten- 
sions, sinks the military title, and. in fact, as men are much inclined to do 
under similar circumstances, makes himself and his companions as small as 
possible. Yet, in those days, a Lieutenant was a Lieutenant And of the 
defeated combatants, on the other hand, there was u the Penobscot Gover- 
nor," and " Captain Sam, a surly cur," no doubt a redoubted and atrocious 
fellow, perhaps actually one of the governor's aids. How this may be it is 
only possible now r to conjecture. 

Of Lieutenant Jacob Tilton I know nothing further. His brother Dan- 
iel was the ancestor of a numerous progeny, and some of his grandchildren 
are still living at an advanced age. He was the maternal great-grandfather 
of the writer of this communication. He appears to have justified, by his 
subsequent career, the reputation for valor acquired in early life, for he be- 
came a captain in the provincial forces, and in that capacity accompanied 
the Massachusetts contingent to the siege of Louisboui'2: in the old French 
war, and there died in his country's service. 

Yours respectfully, L. 


A Tragedy of the Sea. 




Giving an Account of the Hostile Actions of some Pagan Indians towards 

Lieutenant Jacob Tilton, and his brother Daniel Tilton, both of the 

town of Ipswich, as they were on board of a small vessel at 

the Eastward ; which happened in the summer-time, 

in the year 1722. With an Account of the 

Valiant Exploits of the said Tiltons, 

and their victorious Conquest 

over their 



DOWN at an eastward harbour call'd Fox 
They in a Schooner at an anchor lay, 
It was upon the fourteenth day of June, 
Six stout great Indians in the afternoon 
In two Canoes on board said Schooner came, 
With painted Faces in a churlish frame ; 
One of them call'd Penobscot Governor, 
The other Captain Sam a surly cur, 
The other four great Indians strong and stout, 
Which for their ill design they had pick'd 

Said Governor and Sam with one more went 
Down the forecastle, bold and insolent; 
Unto Lieutenant Tilton they apply'd, 
Themselves, and down they sat one at each 

The other plac'd himself behind his back, 
Waiting the other's motion when to act. 

Wliafs matter Governor my men detain, 
And no send hostage home to me again ? 
What's matter he no good, but all one Devil ? 
What 1 , no love Indian! Governor no civil. 
Penobscot Indian Governor great Man, 
All one Governor Shute, says Captain Sam. 

Great while since we from Boston hither 

We poor fishermen, are not to blame. 

Your Boston Governor no good me see; 
Our Governor much better man than he. 

These Cannibals thus in their Indian pride, 
The best of Governor's scorn and deride. 
But they at length to hasten their design, 
From underneath their Blanket pull'd a line, 
With which his Arms they would have com- 
pass 'd round, 
But he so strong and nimble, was not bound, 
Till he got out the Cuddy door at last, 
Before they had obtain'd to bind him fast. 
These CanniliaN being both strong and bold, 
And upon him kept fast their Indian hold: 
They got him down with their much strug- 
And bound his arms behind him with their 

The other three which kept above the deck, 
Also had their design brought to effect. 
Looking about him, presently he found 

They had his brother Daniel also bound ; 
For they with him had acted even so, 
One at each side and one behind did go, 
And down they sat, he not aware of harm, 
The rogue behind him fasten ! d on each arm, 
And twitch'd them back ; the other two with 

Him pinioned: so thus were they confm'd. 
jThey ty'd said Daniel's legs he could not 

stand x 
Nor help himself nei.her with foot nor hand, 
They struck them many blows on face and 

jAnd their long Indian knives they flour- 
ished : 
Triumphing over them, and saying, Why 
You so stout man that you no Quarter cry ? 

What Indian mean to act so in this thing, 
Now Peace between the English and French 

Hah! no: me war, your Governor no good, 
He no love Indians me understood. 

What ails you now, you sturdy Captain Sam, 
Do Indian now intend to kill and cram ? 

We Governor SHUTKs men kill and take, 
Penobscot (All one) Boston Prison make. 
You English men our Indian land enjoy, 
The\ no surrender, then we them destroy. 
Indian bimeby take Captain Westbrook's fort, 
Some kill, some captive take; tliat matchet 

On board them a young lad and not con- 
They made him hoist the ancient to their 

mind ! 
Then Admiral of this same harbor rid, 
In mighty triumph none could them forbid. 
So two of these black rogues in their canoes, 
On shore they go to carry back the news : 
So was but four of them on board remain'd, 
Of whom this favour Daniel then obtain'd, 
For to unty his legs and ease his hand, 
That he might have them something at com- 
After which thing he presently contrives 
What method then to take to save their lives. 


A Ti of the 


Whfle they were plnndering bo busily, 
Ha mnr b splitting knife thai was near by, 
To which he goes and tarns his back about, 
ing them well, Lest they should find him 

(.ill ; 
! BO lif works said knifr into hifl hand. 
Willi which he cuts his line, hut slill doth 

Although two of said Indians him ey"d. 

They did not Know but he remain'd fast ty'd. 
Two of said Indians were plundering, 
Down the Forcastle while he did tin- thing, 
The other two so watchful and so shy, 

And on him kept a constant Indian 

That be stands -til waiting till he could find 
A time when they did him not BO much 
mind : 

Bul when for plunder they to Bearching 

Then his contrivance presently he show 

He tu his Brother Jacob runs with speed, 
And cuts his line: now both of them are 

The [ndians now alarmed hereby, 

In Indian language made a bideOUB cry: 
Crying Chau nau, chau law: for they espy'd, 
That both these Bnglishman were got nnty'd; 
hike roaring Lyons with an ax and km 

Made violent assaults to take their I; 

lint God who had determined to Bave, 
Undaunted courage unto them he gave; 

That they with Mich a manly confidence, 
Altho' unarin'd stood in their own defei 
And tho' they had from these blood-lliir.-ty 


ived many dismal stahs and wounds. 
While in their skirmish Mood was up and 

No more than Flea kites them they minded 

Said Daniel still retain'd his splitting knife, 

Who nimbly ply'd the same and tit for life; 
With one hand fended off the Indian bli 
And with the other CT06S the face and Q< 

Of Captain Sam, until his pagan head, 

"Was cnop'd and gash'd, and so much man- 
el ed ; _ 
Bits of his Indian scalp hung down in strings, 
And blood run pouring theme as 01 

Jacob said Governor so managed, 
He was so maul'd and heat, that he SO hied. 
His Indian head and faee with blood was 

(Sec what comes of his swelling Indian pride,) 
Of him he catclYd fast hold, and up him 

Unto the side, and ovcrhoard him flings. 
Then Danul presently took Captain Sa 
And brought his Hand about his Indian ham. 
And to the vessel side he nimbly goes, 
And his black carcass in the water throws. 
Now by this time, behold Jacob his brother, 
Of these black rogues had eateh'd up another. 
And overboard his Indian carcass sent 
To scramble in the water as he went, 
And then said Daniel run the fourth to catch. 
At which the rogue a nimble jump did fetch, 

And overboard he goes, and swims to ^horc; 
'I his only I out of four. 

of toe Other three he Bwim*d part way. 

At length sinks down, and thei fbre'd 

to - 

Of the other ri 

( lot out of water into b 

Which to the Vessel side was fastei 

Themselves awhile in ii \\. ed, 

Said Indian- on board had 1« ft a gun, 

Unto the same said 1 an, 

Catching it up to ."hoot them, il mist tire, 

Which disappointed him ol his desi 

! ' tching up a -tout 

With all his might he Btrnck tin in on the 

Giving them many blows upon the ] 
they turn-, and -link like any I 

our Country now ai 1 ightre$t % 

If all our Indian / 

' tod th'' glory • ' ti hare, 

Who ran In/ ft ir / 

They having thus dispach'd tin- Indian crew, 
Then prc-cntly consulted what 

Three more ( 'alio tO the hi 

With Indian- a- deep a- t' -\\ im. 

Come padling down with all th< ir might and 

Hoping the valient lYfl tain. 

Daniel, which was both nimbi and 


He fetch'd an ax, and running presently, 

He en's the cable; then they hoist their sail, 

Leaving their Neighbours, that they n 

< >ver their ( Jovcrnor who in dispute, 

Had tcrm'd himself 1 and zood as 

Before that they had sailed many m 

Their wounds began to In- as gore as boils, 

From whence the blood run breaming thro' 

the cloaths, 
Quite from their shoulder- down unto their 

There they sat down in woful misery, 
Expecting every moment when to d 
Not having any thing to chear their heart. 
Nor dress their wounds to ease them of their 

And verily we think had perishi d, 
Had not the lad (which has been mentioned) 
Been very helpful in tin- -ore di-tr. 58, 
What reason then have they of thank fulness 
That God hath spared him from this Indian 

For to help them when they could nothing do. 
After they had from foe- escaped thus, 
They sail'd and came into Mniiinnicus. 
Nigh twenty dour hours if not more. 
They were a-coming from the former shore: 
Here they among the English find relief, 
Who dress their wounds which ease them of 

their grief, 
Their course for Ipsicich town they next con- 
Where in few days their Vessel did arrive: 
Through so much danger, misery and pain, 


Records of Boston. 


They arc returned to their friends again. 
Thus I have summed up this tragick scene, 
As from their mouths it told to me has been: 
No alteration but in some expressions 
Us'd other words ; then pardon such digres- 
Since I us'd such only for sake of verse, 

Which might not less nor more than truth 

Your candid servant in this poetrie, 
Described in letters two W. G. 

Newburi/port — from a Re-print by I. Thomas mid 

H. W. Tinges — Printed by W. & J Oilman, 

No. 9, State-Street. June, 1834. 


[Continued from page 191.] 

Joseph the sonne of ffrancis Loyall & Alice his wife was 
borne 10° (8°) 1638 & dyed 10° (12°) 1639. 

Benjamin the sonne of ffrancis Loyall & Alice his wife 
was borne 1° (11°) 1639. & was buried the 1° (1°) jjg. 

Elizabeth the daughter of John Lugg & Jane his wife 
was borne 7° (1°) J|». 

Thomas the sonne of Christop r & Elisabeth Lawson borne 
4° (3°) 1643. 

Jacob the sonne of John $f Elisabeth ffernisiole borne 28 
(5°) 1642. 

Mary the daughter of John Lugg & Jane his wife was 
borne the (6°) 1642. 

Eliakim the sonne of Thomas Marshall & Alice his wife 
was borne 1° (1°) !fj?. 

Zuriell the sonne of Raph Mason & his wife was 

borne 14° (2°) 1637. 

John the sonne of Raph Mason & his wife was 

borne the 15° (8°) 1640 

Steven the sonne of Robert Meere & Elisabeth his wife 
was borne 25° (10°) 1638. 

Samuel the sonne of Robert Meere & Elisabeth, his wife 
was borne 7° (4°) 1641. 

Jeremy the sonne of Walter Merry & Rebecca his wife 
was borne the (11°) 1633. & Dyed soone after. 

Rebecca the Daughter of Walter Merry & Rebecca his 
wife was borne (11°) month 1635. & Dyed soone after. 

Jeremy the sonne of Walter Merry & Rebecca his wife 
was borne (11°) 1637. & Dyed soone after. 

Constance the Daughter of John Milom & Christian his 
wife was borne 25° (10°) 1638. 

John the sonne of John Milom & Christian his wife was 
borne the 18° (7°) 1640. 

Eleasaph the sonne of John Milom & Christian his wife 
was borne 30° (7°) 1642. 

Benjamin the sonne of John Milom & Christian dyed 15° 
(12°) 1639. 

1 lope the sonne of Mingo a neger was borne 19° (3°) 1641. 

John sonne of Henry Messinger borne. 25° (1°) 1641. 

Sarah daughter Henry Messinger borne 12. (1°) 1643. 

Elizabeth the daughf of Benjamin Negoos & Elisabeth 
his wife was borne. 14° (2°) 1640. 











Messenger : 



Records of Bo 


Benjamin the Bonne of Benjamin Negooi & Elisabeth liis 
wife was borne (7°) L641. 

Mary the daughter of Benjamin N< Elizabeth his 

wife was borne 7" (8°) 1643. 

Hannah the daughter of. John Newgate & Hanna his wife 
was borne l" (6°) L633. & dyed in the 11° month. 

Hannah the daughter of .John Newgate cV Hannah his 
wife was borne 1" (6°) 1 635. 

John the sonne of .John Odlin & Margaret his wife was 
borne 3° ( I") 1 635. and dyed soone after. 

Hannah the daughter of John Odlin & Margaret bis wife 
was borne 9° 1 12°) L637. ami dyed soone after. 

Dorothie the wtfe of Thomas Muni Dyed (12°) 28. 1689. 

Elisha the sonne of John Odlin & Margaret his wife was 
borne 1" (5°) L640. 

.John the sonne of John Odlin 6c Margaret his wife was 
born.- the 3° (12°) 1641. 

Nathaniel] Oliver the sonne of m* Thomas Oliver I> 
(9°) L688. 

Anne the wife of m r Thomas Oliver dyed (8 ) L635. 

Daniell Oliver tin; sonne of M" Thomas Oliver dyed I 

John the sonne of John Oliver & Elisabeth bis wife was 

borne the 21° (!>") L638. 

Elisabeth the daughter of John Oliver ft Elisabeth bis 

wife was home 2S* ( L2°) 1639. 

Hannah the daughter of John Oliver Sc Elisabeth bis wile 
was borne 3° ( L°) 1641. 

Joanna the daughter of Nicholas Parker & Anne bis wife 

was borne 1" ( 1")' If.:;."). 

Another borne & dyed 1 I" ( 1' ) 1637. 

Jonathan the sonne of Nicholas Parker & Anne bis wife 
was borne 1" (12°) L640. 

Abie! the sonne of Nicholas Parker & Anne his wife was 
borne 15° (11") 1641. 

Joseph the sonne of Nicholas Parker & Anne bis wife was 

borne 26° (1°) 1643. 

Joseph the sonne of Richard Parker cV Anne bis wife was 
borne 1° (6°) 1638 & dyed 30° (9°) L638. 

Sarah the daughter of .Richard Parker & Anne bis wife 
was borne 8° (5°) 1641. 

Thomas the sonne of John Parker & his wife was 

borne 2° (8°) 1635. 

Noah the sonne of John Parker & his wife was 

borne 3° (2°) 1638. 

Thomas the sonne of Thomas Painter & Katherine bis wife 
was borne 4° (3°) 1639 & dyed 30° (7°) 1689. 

W° the sonne of Thomas Painter & Katherine his wife 
dyed 30° (7°) 1639. 

Elisabeth the daughter of Thomas Painter <5c Katherine 
his wife dyed 24° (2°) 1640. 

Abigail the daughter of Bartholmew Pasmer & 
his wife was borne (4°) 1641. 










276 Epitaphs, $c. [Juty> 

Seth the sonne of Arthur Perry & Elisabeth his wife was Perry. 

borne 7° (1°) }g. 

John the sonne of Arthur Perry & Elisabeth his wife was 
borne 26° (2°) 1642. 

Elishua daug : of Arthur Perry & Elisabeth his wife was 
borne 20 Decemb : 1637 & shee dyed Apr: 10. 1639. 

Mary the daughter of W ra Pell & his wife was Pell. 

borne the 30° (4°) 1634. 

Hannah the daughter of William Pell & his wife 

was borne 14° (11°) 1640. 

Nathaniell the sonne of W m Pell & his wife was 

borne 10° (6°) 1638 & dyed (9°) 1638. 

William Pierce dyed 13° (5°) 1641. Pierce. 

[To be Continued.] 


The following epitaph is copied from a grave-stone in the ancient family 
burial-place of the Cattses on Cutis Island, in Kittery, Maine. The grave 
of the Honorable Richard Cutts, Esquire, and twenty-one others are still 

In this dark silent mansion of the dead 

A lovely mother and a sweet babe are laid. 

Of every virtue of her sex possessed 

She charmed the world and made her husband blest. 

What jo} r for me, what joy on Earth is left. 

Still from my inmost soul the groans arise 

Still flow the sorrows ceaseless from my eyes, 

But why these sorrows so profusely shed 

They may add to ! but ne'er can save the dead. 

Soon I shall follow the same dreary way 

That leads and opens to the coasts of day, 

There clasp them both on the happy shore 

Where bliss shall join and death shall part no more. 

Mart Chauncey, wife to Charles Chauncey, Esq. and daughter to 
the Hon. Richard Cutts, Esq., died April 23. 1758 in the 24 Ul year of 
her age* with her infant son Charles Chauncey. 

Mr. Chauncey was son to the Rev. Dr. Chauncey of Boston. 

Of the Hon. Richard Cults' children — Samuel Cutts, Esq., b. Dec. 17, 
1726, was an eminent merchant of Portsmouth, N. II., married Anna, dau. 
of Edward Ho/yoke, president of Harvard College. 

Foxwell Curtis Cutts, Esq., of Berwick, Me., b. Sept. 9, 1730, Harvard 
College 1747, m. Mary, a sister of General Goodwin of Berwick, Maine. 
After his death she m. the Rev. John Fairfield, grandfather of the late Sen- 
ator Fairfield, who m. Anna Paine, dau. of Tho. G. Thornton, Esq., and 
a granddaughter of Tho. Cutts, Esq, of Saco. 

Richard Cutts, Esq., of Cutts Island, b. Aug. 16, 1732, m. Sarah, dau. 
of John Frost, Esq., of Kittery. 

Thomas Cutts, Esq., of Saco, b. April 5, 1736, a distinguished merchant, 
m. Elizabeth, dau. of Dominicus Scammon, Esq., Aug. 24, 1762, d. Jan. 10, 
1821, at Saco. She was b. in Biddeford, Me., March, 1745. d. January 
10-11, 1803, at Saco. 

*Born Jan. 27, 1734. 

L848.] Epitaphs, #c. 277 

Of his children, Mary, b, July 19, 1763, m. Samuel [Phillips] Abbott, 
A. M., of Andover, Mass., liar. Col. 1784. Thomas, b. June < s , 1769, m. 
Mary Augusta, dan. of the Hon. Orchard Cook of Wiscasset, Maine, June 
*07, d. .Inly 17, is-;:'. Sarah, b. March 20, 177 1. m. L793, 

Thomas Gilbert Thornton, Esq., ofSaco, adson of the B 

Thomas Thornton of Yarmouth, Ma? , La physician, Marshall of 

Maine under the administrations of Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe, 1>. in 
Boston, Aug -'>\. L768, d. at Saco, March 1. 1824. She & at Sim,,, Not. 
7. L845. Hon. Richard Cutts, Esq., b. June 28, 1771. Han CoL i. 
in. Anna Paine, March 31, L804, <1. April 7. 1845, at Washington, I). C. 
The following obituary notice of him was from the pen of the lion. John 
Quincy Adams : 


The memory of the late Hon. Richard Cutts of Washington, I). C, de- 
serves from bis friends and countrymen a more detailed notice of his career 
of life than the mere notice of the day and hour of his dec< ase. He lias 
been for many years distinguished by the confidence of his country in many 
stations of honor and of trust, legislative and executive, and has faithfully 
performed all their duties. 

Born on the 28th of June, 1771. at Cutts's bland, Saco, (the residence 
of his father, the late Thomas Cutts, Esq.,) in the province, or district of 
Maine, then constituting a pari of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, de- 
scended from one of the most ancient families in New England, and inher- 
iting that inextinguishable love of freedom, the envied, yet venerated pecu- 
liar characteristic of the English Pilgrims, he received bis early education 
at Harvard University, at which institution lie was graduated in 1790, in 
the 20th year of his age. Most of the son< of that nursing motiier of the 
liberal arts, pass from her intellectual tuition to the profounder studii 
one or other of the learned professions; yet among the most illustrious of 
her children, she takes pride in counting no inconsiderable number of emi- 
nent artists, skilful navigators, and enterprising merchant-. Following the 
bent of his inclinations, having studied law, Mr. Cutts engaged extensively 
in the pursuits of navigation and commerce, though at the same time deeply 

involved in the vicissitudes, and ardently devoted to the duties of political 
lite. At an early period of his career, after the close of his -todies at the 
University, be visited Europe and added to his stock of knowledge, ac- 
quired at the scat of science the store- of experimental instruction acquira- 
ble only in the school of observation and inquisitive travel. 

On his return from Europe, after serving two-nee. - a mem- 

ber of the General Court of Massachusetts, lie was, at the age of 29, in 
1800, elected by the people of his district a member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives of the United States. He took his seat in the House on the 
7th December, 1801, commencing with the administration of Jefferson, and 
through six successive Congresses, constantly approved by the continued 
confidence of his constituents, he gave a firm, efficient and undeviating sup- 
port to that administration, and to that of his successor, Mr. Madison, until 
the close of his first term, on the 3d of March, 1813, having patriotically 
sustained by his votes, non-importation, non-intercourse, the embargo, and 
finally war, as measures called for by the honor and interest of the nation, 
although ruinous to his private fortune, since the greater part of his prop- 
erty consisted of ships, the loss of which, if captured or destroyed, might, as 
thus it did, reduce him to poverty. 

On the 3d of June of that year he was appointed " Superintendent Gen- 


Epitaphs , cj-c. 


eral of Military Supplies," an office created by the act of 3rd March, 1813, 
the better to provide for the supplies of the array of the United States, and 
for the accountability of persons intrusted with the same, an office of high 
trust and responsibility, but the functions of which were required only dur- 
ing the continuance of the war. The office was accordingly abolished by 
the act of 3d March, 1817, to provide for the prompt settlement of public 
accounts. By the same act, the office of Second Comptroller of the Treas- 
ury was created, to which Mr. Cutts was immediately appointed by the 
President, James Monroe, and which he held until 1829 ; since which time 
he has resided in the city of Washington, in the retirement of private life, 
until his death, April 7, 1845. 

In the year 1804, Mr. Cutts was united in marriage with Miss Anna 
Paine, a sister of Mrs. Madison, and every way worthy of the same parent- 
age. By her he had six children, four sons and two daughters. She died 
in 1832.'' 


Here lyeth the body- 




Aged 40 years 



Also y e Bodys of 
Mary wife of George 
Vaughan Esq r Daut r 
of Andrew Belcher Es* 




q r who Dec d Feb ry 3 d 






gg in y e 20 th year of h r 
Age & h r Dau tr at 3 Dayes 
old & were inter d together. 




cr 1 


p.IUTpi£[ omj 9ip JO 


In the old Portsmouth, N. H., burying-ground. 

* Andrew Belcher's wife, Sarah, b July 25, 1651, m. Julv 1, 1670, was the sister of Capt . 
Thomas Gilbert of Boston, d. Feb. 9, 1718-19, aged 63, and dau. of Jonathan Gilbert of 
Hartford, who d. 10th Dec., 1682, aged 64. Elizabeth, dau. of T. Gilbert, was born ' 7th 
Feb., 1702, m. 5th May, 1721, Ebcnezer Thornton, who was b. in Boston, January, 1690, d. in 
Watertown about 1749, son of Timothy, who d. in Boston, 19th Sept., 1726, aged 79, son of 
the Rev. Thomas Thornton of Yarmouth, Mass., one of the ejected clergy under the Act of 
Uniformity, Aug. 1662. who died at Boston, 13th Feb., 1700, aged 91-93. She died at Wa- 
tertown, 10th June, 1740, aged 38 years, 4 months, and 3 days. Her son Timothy, b. at Bos- 
ton 2d Feb., 1726, m. Eunice, dau. of James and Sarah [Cogswell] Brown of Ipswich, in 
April, 1761. and died 4th Sept, 1787, at Ipswich, aged 61 years. Their sons were, T. G. 
Thornton of Saco, and James B., who m. Ruth, dau. of Samuel Sewall of York, and d. in 
1825, issueless. 

LS48.] Dr. John Pomcr<>>/. 270 

Prom a stone in a private burial-place on Eittery Point, one half mile 

below Fort McCIary. 

• l Here Lies iIh- model ofnntiinted youth 
Whose Life was virtu- A whose words were trath, 
While to its morl \\ tenement confined 
"Dark clonda obscured iti bearcn descended mind 
Now freed, its lustre shines rablime ■.bore 
In reason perfect un>l complete in love. 

Charles Chauiiev died in tlic 

28 year ofhia age. 1789 



l:V | AMI I L W« THAYr.K. m. D. 

Dr. John Pomeroy was born in Middleboro', Ms., April the 1Kb, 1764. 
II< was the eldest of three children, :ui<l Prom the limited means of hi> pa- 
rents, and an affliction which deprived his father of the ordinary exerci 
his rational powers, he was lefl almost wholly dependent upon bis own 
sources for an education, and had do ether advantages but such as the com- 
mon Bchools of thai day and the occasional assistance of the clergymi 
the parish afforded. At the age of sixteen years he enlisted as a soldier in 
the army of the Revolution, in the three month- sen ice, and sen ed a< such, 
principally at West Point After his early campaign as a Boldier, he was 
variously employed in agricultural Labor, devoting till hi> Bpare time to the 
acquisition of knowledge, until he became a student in the office of Dr. lira- 
dish in Cummington, Bis., where, with some work and Less play he pursue d 
with ardor the study of the profession to which he had Long directed bis 
thoughts. The opportunities for acquiring a medical educational that place 
were, of course, quite limited, but with such a preceptor were well calculat- 
ed to train the student to independence of thought, common-sense, practical 
views and fearless devotion to duty. A • accomplishing his professional 
education, Dr. 1*. fell in with the tide of emigration, which tit that time - 
to the Lamoile and Onion river valleys in Vermont; and established him- 
self at Cambridge, (hi the L9th of January, 1789, he married Miss Mary 
Porter of Cummington, late of Abington, Mas<. Although lie had a very 
extensive practice, he soon found that he had not made the most advanta- 
geous location, and in the summer of 1792, he removed to Burlingtoi . 
with his wife and three children he resided until the winter in a log cabin, 
when he removed to a house in Water street, on the site of which, in 17:>7. 
lie built the first brick house in the town. In this house he resided until 
the time of his death, which occurred on the 19th of February, 1" I '-. at the 
age of nearly SO years. Dr. P. was a man of robust constitution and great 
energy of character, but a long and laborious practice in a new country at 
length produced its effects in a nervous prostration, which for five years 
previous to his decease, made him a patient and confined him to his house. 
In the death of his eldest son, Dr. Cassius F. Pomeroy, (who died in the 
spring of 1813, full of hope and promise, just as he entered upon the practice 
of his profession, after a winter spent at the medical school of Philadelphia,) 
he experienced a shock, the traces of which years did not efface. Dr. P. was 
for many years a member of the Corporation of the University of Vermont, 

280 Dr. John Pomeroy. [July? 

an institution winch he was among the most active and liberal in fostering. 
He was also for many years a Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the 
University, and as such delivered several courses of lectures. He was one 
of the founders and a member of the State and Chittenden Co. Medical 
Societies, and at various times held their highest offices. He was also hon- 
orary member of the New York State Medical Society. Dr. P. was always 
attached to his profession, and thought, conversed, and wrote much about 
it. His manuscript lectures, dissertations, cases, and theories would make 
volumes, probably well worth publishing if pruned and arranged by the 
hand of a discriminating and patient member of the profession ; for although 
he wrote a fine hand and had the command of good language, his writings 
lack that logical arrangement so essential in interesting us in the presenta- 
tion of thoughts, however original or important. Few men have lived to 
accomplish a more laborious and successful course of practice as a physician 
and surgeon than Dr. Pomeroy. For upwards of fifty years (commencing 
in a new country) he was actively and extensively engaged in his profes- 
sional duties, and for the greater portion of the time was the leading physi- 
cian and only surgeon in the northern part of the state. A history of his 
surgical cases alone would form a volume which, while it would surprise by 
its number and variety, would no less interest by its exhibition of decision, 
skill, and ingenuity, and simplicity in the mode of treatment. His practice 
was characterized by simplicity, boldness, and originality. On visiting a 
patient who was represented to be dying, he found that the man had ceased 
to breathe and was apparently lifeless. Surmising the true state of the 
case, he at once, to the consternation of the attendants, with a lancet or 
scalpel opened the trachea and inserted a tube. In a few minutes, after a 
convulsive struggle, the patient breathed through the orifice, and so con- 
tinued till the obstruction was removed, and lived to thank the surgeon for 
cutting his throat. 

Dr. P. was exceedingly tender of his patients, deeming it his duty as a 
man and physician to relieve pain in all cases not inconsistent with the 
remedy. He was equally regardless of popular prejudice and the dogmas 
of the schools ; was a man of ardent temperament, a Christian of strong 
devotional feelings and liberal sentiments, a lover of nature, of truth and of 

The following is all we at present have of the pedigree of this branch of 
the Pomeroy family. It is upon traditionary evidence said, that the great- 
grandfather of Dr. Pomeroy, whose biography is above sketched, came from 
France. He had a grandson who was deacon of a church in Middleboro', 
Ms. This grandson, (Deacon Pomeroy,) had one son and three daughters. 

One of these daughters married Bradford, one married Weston, 

the other died unmarried. 

Francis, the son, m. Sarah Nye, about 17G3, and settled in Middleboro'. 
Their children were, John, M. D., whose biography is the subject of this 
article; Hannaii, who died in 1843, and Skth. 

John, son of Francis and Sarah, m. Mary Porter of Abington, Ms., 19 
Jan., 1789, and had children, Cassius Francis, who d. 1813; Rosamond 
Porter, and John Norton. 

John N. Pomeroy, (last named,) m. Lucia Loomis, 1819. He is the 
only lineal descendant of Dr. John Pomeroy now living, and resides in 
Brattleboro', Vt. 

The OtU Family, 




BY BOB w [0 K. I U OOK I £ MM U 


mtgt. ar. 1m tw. finir cronleto 

I. Ar. a l -<«•« cromlol 

fitch i 

/■' ■ ■/.• 

"The family of 0118," Bays Tu. lor, 
u has produced som< eminent persons, 
and Its Beveral branches are now 
widely extended." 

\inl, (obsen i - the bistorian of 

mate,) though they cannot exhibit 

of illustriou j i t they 

such as pai took in tin- perils of 
founding and defending this country, 
in time9 when coui »nstancy and 

patience were indeed common \ b> 

rt We recognize with j >i i< 1* *, borne 
anon our annals, tb nan, of Otis. The enthusiastic patriot, the brilliant 
orator who was among the first to warn his countrymen of their danger in 
the stormy periods preceding the Revolution, was a descendant of the 
Peter Hobart in founding this town. Is it uot possible 
that something of that ardent love of freedom, and Btrong aversion to 
despotic | distil] i dants, may have ; 

derived from an Intelligent and independent anot Btr 

In this Table will be found bk< tehes of t!i» i external circumstances of 
some — chronicled wonders that such a man died, ran 

through such a circle of b and obtained such a maosoh urn to his 

memory. But the history of mind we have not, and it is to be regretted 
thai we have qo reliable authority from which to trace out the dev< lopment 

of those virtues which hallow the memor] ofour fathers; facts ghewing the 

transfer of the qualities of parents to their children, those laws which 
govern the transmission of physical and mental qualities through successive 

gen< rations. 

In the histories of those families and Individuals thai have been made, 

it is seen that the mental and physical qualities, the forms of body and 
face; the tastes, talents, propensities, modes of thinking and acting; the 
intellectual and other peculiarities, have descended throughout the whole 
line of their progeny, from their pilgrim ancestors, and remain stamped 
even upon the present generation. 

And if it is true that children are the very transfer, or image of their 
parents; reflected in all their shades of feeling and phases of character ; 
inheriting the same tastes; governed by the same sentiments and passions; 
debased by the same vices; ennobled by the same virtues; adorned by the 

* Though we give Burke's description of the "Ottys"' arm?, we have given an' engra- 
ving somewhat different. 

t Hon. Solomon Lincoln C al Discourse at Hincham. 


282 The Otis Family. [July, 

same charms and graces ; and endowed with the same talents and intellec- 
tual powers, then these laws of nature ought to be deeply regarded by man, 
for they affect his posterity to the latest generation. 

Let any one examine this subject, and apply this rule to his own imme- 
diate ancestry, and see whether various forms of the body and face, various 
diseases, long or short life, &c. ; various mental qualities, various propensi- 
ties, and moral qualities, are or are not hereditary, do or do not descend 
from parents to children, through successive generations. Let the portraits 
of grandparents and great-grandparents be placed at the head of those 
of their descendants for several generations, and see if the resemblance of 
all the latter to one or other of the ancestors be manifest. 

(1) John Otis 1 was born in Barnstable, Devonshire, England, 1581, 
came to Hingham, New England, and drew house lots in the first division of 
lands in that town, 1635, and is the first ancestor of whom we have any know- 
ledge. Tudor in his life of Otis says, he with his family came from Hing- 
ham in Norfolk, England, in company with the Rev. Peter Hobart. The 
idea that he came from Hingham in England, may have arisen from the 
fact that most of the early settlers of that town in New England came from 
the former place. It is conjectured that he left his native place, and lived 
fbr a time in Hingham, previous to embarking for America. 

He was a substantial yeoman, and probably left his country, partly to 
accompany his pastor, a staunch non-conforming clergyman. The faithful 
page of history has informed us of the persecutions of the Puritans, which 
were carried on with so much fury and unrelenting zeal ; of the sufferings 
of our fathers, in establishing themselves in a howling wilderness, far dis- 
tant from their native home ; and how much they had to contend with from 
the warfare of the savages, from famine and disease. It is probable that 
Mr. Otis endured his portion of these trials and hardships. 

It has not been ascertained with certainty when he landed, or in whose 
company he came. The first that we hear of his name is in the good com- 
pany of the Rev. Peter Hobart and his twenty-nine associates who drew 
house lots on the 18 Sept., 1635, at Hingham.* The same year he re- 
ceived a grant of land, and the last of several grants is dated 5 March, 
1647.f He took the Freeman's oath 3 March, 1635-6. His place of 
residence at Hingham was at Otis Hill, still so called, south-west of the 
harbor, a beautiful slope of land, then covered by a heavy growth of forest 

His name often appears on the Records of Hingham. In 1641 he was 
one of the persons chosen to " make a Rate." 

A minute of the baptism of Mary Otis is made in the Manuscript Jour- 
nal of the Rev. Peter Hobart; "Mary Otis was baptized May 1st, 1653." 
The Journal proceeds, " Tabitha Lyon being scalded in a kettle of water at 
John Oattisses house, died a few hours after." 

Mr. Otis was married to his first wife, Margaret, in England, and she 
died at Hingham, "June, 1653," according to Deane, but "July 9, 1654," 
according to Tudor. He then removed to Weymouth, and married a 
second wife who survived him, but her name does not appear. In the di- 
vision of certain lands at Weymouth, about 1663, two lots were assigned to 
"widow Oatis;" viz, in the lirs.t division, "widow Oatis 2 — 5 acres — lot 
No. 41 ; " in the second division, " widow Oatis 2 — 15 acres — lot No. 2." 
This is the only instance in which the name appears on the Records of 

* See note A. at the end of the memoir. f Ilingham Records, folio 12. 

1848.] The Otis Family. 283 

II foart's Journal the death of Mr. Otis " al Waimouth, 1st, 

1657," aged 76. His will is dated at Weymouth, the day previous t<> his 
death, and is proved 28th of July in the same year, and gives legacies to 
daughter Margaret Burton, to daughter Hannah Gill, and to her two chil- 
dren, Mary and Thomas; to daughters Ann and Alice (Otis)j to wife tO*., 
son John, executor It is recorded in the 1 st Vol. of the Suffolk Register 
of Probate. Tudor Bays "as his Will bears his mark in place of signature, 
it appears he was unable to write, a deficiency not so singular at that time, 
as it would be at present." This opinion of his ignorance is now known to 
be an error. Aj his will was signed about tin- day of bis death, doubtless 
be was unable to give hi iture b if severe sickness. It app 

he signed his name as a witness to the will of Thomas Collier, who died at 
Hingham about 1646. The following is a fac simile of his Autograph. 

^^ O&A 

The children of John Otis were, 

( ) I. John, 1 who, horn in Barnstable, Devonshire, England, 1620, 
accompanied his parents in their emigration to New England, and settle- 
ment of Hingham. The family residence was at u Otis Hill," where he 

resided until after his lather's death, and is mentioned on the Records of 
Hingham, as being a landholder there, 1668—9. The name of his first 
wife is not known. In 1662-3 he married Mary, daughter of Nicholas 

Jacob, who eame over in 1 638. 

In 1661, John Otis removed to Scituate, where he recen rant of 

land. He bought of Deacon Thomas Robinson the house on the south of 
Coleman's Hill, formerly the residence of Gen. Cudworth, and resided 

there. Previous to this, in 1656, a tract of land three miles Square was 

granted to Mr, Hatherly; this tract was divided into 40 parts, and 27 of 
them assigned to the u Conihassetl partners." The boundary of this tr 
next to Scituate is called the "share line." Mr. Hatherly, in 1663, having 
repurchased 10 Bhares, sold 23 shan John Otis and others for £69. 

This tract now makes a part of Abington and Hanover. — lie took the 
oath of fidelity at Hingham, 1662. In l »',7s he went to Barnstable, and 

settled on land called "Otis Farm," opposite u Hinckley lane," near the 
Marshes, west Parish, lie left there his son John, returned and d 
at Scituate, 16 January, 1683. His monument is in the old burying ground 
in "meeting-house lane/' one mile south of the harbor, broken and defaced, 
but legible. His will, dated Scituate. 1683, gives to eldest dan. Mary, 
wife of John Gowin, and dans. Hannah and Elizabeth, i'"' 11 i ach; ho 
and lands at Hingham and Barnstable, to John, Stephen. Jones and Job; 
to Joseph, house and lands in Scituate, after his mother's death. 

(3) II. Richard, 2 went with his father to Weymouth about 1654, and 
in L662, settled at Dover, X. H, He made his will before he left \ v 
mouth, which is recorded in the Boston Probate Records. The accounts 
given of him by Tudor and D-'ane, that he was carried captive to Can 
are incorrect. He was killed at Dover, on the Cocheeo, by the Indians, 
1680. His son Stephen was killed at the same time : and his wife and child 
were captivated, and sold to the French in Canada. The French Priests 
educated this child in the Romish religion, baptized her by the name of 
Christina, and six 1 married a Frenchman, by whom she had two children. 
In 1714, being a widow, she returned to New England, abjured the Romish 

284 The Otis Family. [July, 

faith, and married Capt. Thomas Baker, who had been taken at Deerfield 
in 1704. She lived in Dover, where she was born, till the year 1773. She 
was the occasion of the masterly letter of Governor Burnet, "to a Romish 

Richard Otis had sons, Richard, Stephen, who m. Mary Pitman, 16 
April, 1674, and was killed by the Indians in 1G89 ; Solomon, b. 1G63, and 
d. 1GG4; Nicholas, killed 161)6; Experience b. 1666; and perhaps others. 
On the 26 July, 1696, some Indians in ambush shot upon the people, 
returning from meeting, when Nicholas Otis was killed, Richard Otis 
wounded, and Nicholas Otis, Jr., captivated and carried to Penobscot, from 
whence he soon found his way home. 

Descendants of his are living in New Hampshire and other places.* 

(4) III. Margaret, 2 m. Thomas Burton of Hingham. 

(5) IV. Hannah, 2 m. Thomas Gill of Hingham. He received, 1635, a 
grant of house-lot now corner of Main and South street ; and they had 
eleven or more children, from 1643 to 1661. She d. 24 Jan. 1675-6. 

(6) V. Ann. 2 (7) VI. Alice. 2 

John, 2 (2) who m. Mary Jacob had, 

(8) I. Mart, 3 mentioned in Hobart's Journal as being baptized in 1653, 
and in her father's will as the eldest daughter, m. John Gowin. 

(9) II. Elizabeth, 3 m. 1st. Thomas Allyn, 9 Oct. 1688, and 2d, David, 
son of Thomas Loring, 2d, of Hull, 20 July; 1699. 

(J?) III. John, 3 b. at Hingham, 1657, m. Mercy Bacon, of Barnstable, 
/ 18 July, 1683. He s. at Barnstable, and his talents soon made him one of 
the most respectable individuals in the county. He was employed in a 
variety of trusts, which he discharged with fidelity and skill. For twenty 
years he was Representative to the General Court ; above eighteen years 
commander of the Militia of the county ; for thirteen years Chief-Justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas, and first Judge of Probate. In 1706 he 
was chosen one of His Majesty's Council, and sat at that honorable Board 
twenty-one years, till death gave him a discharge from every labor, and 
laid his earthly honors in the dust. This was a combination of offices, and 
the union of legislative and judicial powers, sometimes allowed in the same 
individual in the early stages of our settlements. The successful discharge 
of such various employments is an evidence of his capacity and integrity 
which, joined to his wit and affability, secured him great influence. Such 
was his sagacity and prudence that he often composed differences both in 
Church and State. He had fine talents for conversation, his pleasantness 
and affability made him agreeable, his wit and humor often enlivened the 
company, which was improved by his wisdom. He was strict and exem- 
plary in the performance of religious duties, and was as remarkable for his 
humility and modest worth among Christians, as for his intellectual powers 
and active services among his fellow men. He d. Sept. 23d, 1727, ». 70, 
the age of man, but very old, if he lives "the longest, who lives the most 

(11) IV. A daughter, 3 (probably Hannah) b. 1660. 

(U) V. Stephen, 3 b. at Hingham, 1661, and m. Hannah Ensign of 
Scituate, 1685. He had from her an estate, most of which was left to his 
son Ensign. She was the only daughter of John Ensign, son of Thomas, 
one of the u Conihassct Partners/* 1646, and was b- 1669. Her father 

* Sec Note B at the end of the Memoir, [Ephraim Otis, of Kittery, Maine, a descend- 
ant of Richard, has a further account of this branch of the family, which he was to have 
«ent me, but I have not yet received it. — II. N. Otis ) 

[$.] The Otis Family. 

was one of the heroes that f<*ll id the Etehobotfa battle,* and his will, made 
on the eve of their march, gives "to my mother Elizabeth all the lands 
which my father gave me in his Will, during her life — and afterwards the 
same to my daughter Hannah." 

Capt. Stephen Otis was commander of the Militia of th ; a, then 
considered a most honorable station, "Capt Stephen Otis's new-house" Is 
mentioned on the Records, 1691. His business was that of a tanner. He 
d. 26 May, 17'>.I, at Scituate, and his monumenl is in the old burying- 
ground near the harbor. His will is dated 1 7 ^ '. » . Three of the nam 
Ensign Otis, in succeeding ttions, have occupied the original Ei 


(13) VI. James, 8 b. a( Scituate, 1663, and > al Weymouth. 16 ined 

the Canada expedition, and \t Sir Wm, Phipps, was at the taking of Port 

il, and was killed in the attack on Quebec He made his will just 
rious to joining the expedition, and it i- dated 8 August, 1690. 

> YIT. Joseph, 8 b. at Scituate, 1665, m. Dorothy Thomas of that 
place. His residence at Scituate was on the Bouth of Col man's Hill, the 
former residence of Gilbert Brooks, Esq. He held the office of Judg 
the Court of Common Pleas for Plymouth Co., from 1703 to 171 I. In 
1709 the town of Scituate "voted that the Society empower Joseph Otis, 
Esq., to finish the meeting house by pewing it, and also to appoint two and 
two to a pew, (where they do not agree to couple themselves,) i acfa couple 
paying the cost of building the pew." In 17P», !.« wa 1 under the 

governor's order representative to " the great and ( Jeneral ( Jourt, w and . 
in 171'!. He held other town offices. He removed to New London about 
1721, where many of his relations and acquaintances lived, and where he 
d. 1754 

From the records of Colchester, Ct., it appears that in 1724 he purchased 
•;>f Capt. Samuel Gilbert a house and farm of "- >>; " acres, lying in the east 
part of the town of Colchester, on the old county road, for "77" pounds 
lawful money of New England." He is described in the deed as of "Scit- 
uate." This land Joseph deeds to his son Nathaniel, in 1735—6, u for and in 
consideration of the loi 1 will and affection which I have for, & do 

bear unto my beloved Son," " and is the whole of what I design my .-aid BOD 
shall have of my estate."! 
"Judge Otis is spoken of by his cotemporaries as a gentleman of great 

integrity, a judicious and useful citizen."} The following portrait of him 
was written soon after his death. "He was a Christian upon principle, a 
public spirited and useful man, distinguished by talents of the solid, judi- 
cious and useful, rather than of the hrilliant and showy kind. He was large 

in stature, his countenance solemn and serene; frank and open in his man- 
ners, of ready wit, and sound understanding. As a private individual, he 
had the union of simple dignity and benevolent courtesy, which mark the 
gentleman, and he died at the advanced age of 80, universally lamented." 

(J,]) VIII. Job,' b. at Scituate, 1667, m. Mary Little, granddaughter of 
Thomas Little, who m. Ann Warren at Plymouth, 1638. lie resided at 
Scituate, half a mile west of the harbor, and conducted the business of ship- 
building and navigation at the north town landing, and continued it after 

* Batter known as " Pawtucket Fight,' 1 in which Capt. Michael Pierce with above sixty 
of his men were slain, on a Sabbath-day, March 26th, 1G7G. — Ed. 

t The house erected on this land by Nathaniel, has been occupied successively by five 

t Judicial Hist, of Miss. By Emory Washburn, Esq. 8vo. Boston. 1840. 

286 The Otis Family. [July, 

1700. In 1710, he bought the " form, warehouse, &c, of William Tieknor, 
for 400 pounds." He d. 1758, aged 91. 

Hon. John, 3 (10) m. Mercy Bacon, and had, 

(I)* I. JoHN, 4 b at Barnstable, 14 Jan.,1687, grad. H. C. 1707, m. 
Grace Hay man of Bristol, R. I. He was representative from Barnstable, 
and member of his "Majesty's Honorable Council from 1747 till his death, 
which took place May 4th, 1758. He was also king's attorney. 

(3) II. Solomon, b. at Barnstable, 13 Oct., 1G90, grad. H. C. 1717, m. 
Jane Turner of Scituate. He held numerous offices in his native town, 
such as Register of Deeds. County Treasurer, Special Justice of Peace for 
the County, &c, and d. 2 Jan., 1778. 

(It) III. Nathaniel, 4 b. at Barnstable, 28 May, 1690, and s. at Sand- 
wich, where he m. Abigail, dau. of Rev. Jonathan Russell, who was or- 
dained at Barnstable in 1683. " She was every way a woman of merit and 
excellence ; of exceedingly good natural abilities, very inquisitive, possessed 
of natural dignity and respectability, and was a person of considerable read- 
ing and extensive observation. She had all along in life been much con- 
versant among ministers, gentlemen of the court, and persons of the first 
respectability. She was ever learning and imbibing something profitable, 
and took singular delight in the conversation of instructive characters."f 
After her husband's death she resided at Newport with her son, and d. at 
the house of her son-in-law, Edmund Freeman, in Mansfield, Ct., 20 March, 
1774. Mr. Russell Freeman of Sandwich, Ms., grandson of Edmund, has 
in his possession a letter from Major Jonathan Otis, dated Newport, April 
11, 1774, announcing his mother's death. 

Nathaniel Otis was Register of Probate for Barnstable Co., and d. at 
Sandwich, Dec, 1739. 

(u$) IV. James, 4 colonel and judge, b. at Barnstable, 14 June, 1702, m. 
Mary Allyne in Wethersfield, Ct. She was b. at Plymouth, 1702, and was 
connected with the founders of the old colony, who arrived in the first ship, 
Mayflower. By the records of Plymouth it appears that in 1G99, Mr. Jo- 
seph Allyne m. Mary Doten, dau. of Edward, and granddau. of Edward 
Doten, who came in the Mayflower. Mr. Allyne's children, b. in the " Al- 
lyne House" at Plymouth, were Elizabeth, 1700; Mary, 1702; a woman 
of very superior character. A good portrait of her in the costume of that 
time is now in the possession of her grandson, the Hon. H. G. Otis of Bos- 
ton. Mr. Allyne removed with his family from Plymouth to Wethersfield, 

Mr. Otis rose to be a man of great distinction and influence, of superior 
genius, but more indebted to the native energy of his mind, than to a regu- 
lar education, for the acquirements he possessed. He was distinguished for 
his knowledge of law, and had studied with diligence its principles as con- 
nected with political institutions. This had prepared him for a clear per- 
ception of the effects that would have resulted from the execution of the 
ministerial plans against the colonies, and he ardently engaged in asserting 

* It will be perceived that the series of regular numbers is interrupted here; the num- 
bers from 1G to 21, inclusive, being wanting. This interruption is occasioned by leaving 
out the children of "(9) II. Elizabeth," it being found that the record of her family 
was incorrect; and besides, our limits do not allow of our following out the female branch- 
es. It will also be perceived that the children of "(10) Hon. John,"' 1 do not stand in 
their natural order; but as this cannot lead to any mistake, and another arrangement could 
not be made without much loss of time, it was judged inexpedient to re- arrange the fam- 
ily. — Ed. 

t Hist, of Three of the Judges of King Charles I. 

IS! The Otis Family. 287 

their rights. He was elected a member of the provincial legislature in 
I7.">.s, made Speaker of the House in 1 760, and continued in thai office two 
year-, when he was negatived by Gov, Bernard. In L763 he was appoint- 
ed Judge of Probate for Barnstable Co.; Chief-Justice of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, Feb, L 7 64, and continued at the head of thai court until the 
B solution, The same year he was chosen Speakerofthe House, and also 
of his Majesty's Council, but was negatived by the Governor, owing to 
his opposition to the measures of government II elected into the 

Council every succeeding year, and was negatived as regularly as chosen, 
until 1 7 7< >, when Lieut. Gov. Hutchinson approbated tin- choice. Mr. Otis 
sat at the council board during the first years of the war. of which body he 
waa president and the oldesl member. 

II rved on many committees of the Legislature during the period from 
1760 to 177">, which reported Borne of the mos( remarkable of those sincere 
and masterly state papers which were produced during the period preced- 
ing the epoch of the American Revolution. Hi- name ha- frequently been 
mentioned in terms of high esteem a- a compeer with Adam-, Quincy, and 
Hancock. lie d. Nov 9, 1 77s, having lived long enough to Bee hi- c 
tvy glorious in her struggles lor freedom, with a prospeel lull in view that 
her mighty efforts to secure independence would he crowned with bucci 

(26) V*. .Mi rcy,< 15 Oct., L698 

(27) VI. MART, 4 b. 1" Dec, L685,m. Little. 

Capt. Stephen, 8 < 12) \\h<> m. Hannah Ensign, had, 

(15) I. Ensign, 4 b. at Scituate, 1691, and m. Hannah, dau. of Samuel 
Barker, Esq., and Hannah, dau. ol" K«\ Jeremiah Cushing He -• al S 

uate, near the harbor, a tanner, and occupied the original Ensign lion-, dot. 

He had large estates from his lather. He was representative from Scitu- 

ate, 1751, 2, and -"!. 

(29) II. John/ b. 1694, m. Leah, dau. of Dea. Samuel Stodderof Hing- 
ham. She was I*. L696 He lived in Boston, where he kepi a public 
house, about 1 750. 

(30) III. Hawaii,' b. 1696. 
(:51) IV. Mxky,' b. L697. 

I V. [saac, 4 M. D.,h. I699,m Deborah, dau of Dea. David Jacobs, 
and Sarah, dau. of John Cushing, L718. Deacon Jacobs was grandson of 
Nicholas Jacobs of Hingham, whose dan. Mary, m. "id, John Otis. 

Dr. Isaac Otis was the first regularly bred physician who s. in Scituate. 
He commenced practice in L7 19, when the town "voted a settlement of 
£100 to encourage him to remain in the Town." He was a gentleman of 
uncommon accomplishments of person ami mind. He d. 17 

(33) VI Stephen,* b. 1 7<)7, d. in Scituate, 1755. 

(,';'.) VII, Joseph, 4 b 1709, m. Lucy Little. He was Representative 
from Boston, and keeper of the jail. 

(;js) VIII. Joshua/ b. 1711, in. Hannah Barker, s. in Scituate, and was 
a ship carpenter. 

Judge Joseph,? (M) who ?n. Dorothy Thomas, had. 

d;'"',) I. Nathaniel, 4 l>. at Scituate, 1689, m. Hannah, dau. of Col. John 
Thatcher of Yarmouth, hall" eighteen children. She died at Colches- 
ter. 177;i, aged 90, lie removed to Colchester, Ct., about 1716, and s. on 
lands which his father purchased of Capt. Samuel Gilbert. The deed is 
witnessed by Michael Taintor and James Otis, and for the sum of '-£770 
lawful currency of X. E ," gives 280 acres of land and appurtenances On 
this land Nathaniel erected a house which is yet standing, and which has 
been the residence of four successive generations. On the 29th May, 1736, 

288 The Otis Family. [July, 

he received a commission, signed by Gov. Talcott, appointing him "Cornet 
of the Troop in the County of Hartford." He also held numerous offices 
in the town, and d. 1772, aged 83. 

(fij) II James, 4 b. at Scituate, 1692, m. Sarah Tudor of New York, d. 
at Saybrook, Ct., 1754. She d. at Colchester, 15 Feb , 1788, aged 91. 

(38) III. Elizabeth, 4 m. Luke Lincoln of Leicester, Ms., and left 

(39) IV. Rachel, 4 m. Harris. 

(40) V. Sarah, 4 m. John Thompson, and s. at Hebron, Ct. A dau. 
Abigail m. Jonathan Peters of Hebron, and left descendants. 

(41) VI. Dorothy, 4 m. McLane, Latham, and Bissell. 

(42) VII. Mary, 4 m. Joseph Hinckley of Barnstable, 1725. 

(43) VIII. Mercy, 4 m. Nathaniel Waterman of Scituate, a man of firm- 
ness and zeal in the Revolutionary War. He descended from Robert Wa- 
terman of Plymouth, w r ho m. Elizabeth Bourne, 1638. 

(44) IX. Ann, 4 m. Mr. Cleaveland. 

(45) X. , 4 m. Clap. 

($) XL Joseph, 4 b. 1712, m. Elizabeth, dau. of David Little of Scitu- 
ate, and sister of Rev. Mr. Little, former minister at Colchester. He s. at 
New London, (afterwards Montville,) Ct., and d. 1793. He was the exec- 
utor of his father's will. 

Job, 3 (15) who m. Mary Little, had, 

(47) I. Mercy, 4 b. 1700. 

($) II. Job, 4 b. 1702, m. Thankful Otis, s. at Scituate, trader. 

(49) III. Abigail, 4 b. 1703. (50) IV. Mary, 4 b. 1705. 

(131) V. Ephraim, 4 b. 1708, m. Rachel Hersey of Hingham, s. in Scit- 
uate, a physician. 

(52) VI. Ruth, 4 b. 1712, m. Dr. Benjamin Stockbridge of Scituate. 
They had a son Charles, b. 1734, who practised medicine. 

(S) VII. David, 4 b. 1716, m. Susan Hadden, and s. at Jordan, New 

(54) VIII. Sarah, 4 b. 1719. (55) IX Priscilla, 4 b. 1721. 

Hon. John, 4 (22) who m. Grace Hayman, had, 

(S) I- John, 5 b. 1714, m. Temperance Hinckley. He s. at Barnsta- 
ble, and d. 1792. 

Solomon, 4 (23) who m. Jane Turner, had, 

(57) I. Jane, 5 b. Dec. 10, 1725, d. ce. 10. 

(58) II. Mary, 5 b. Aug. 29, 1727, d. Oct. 15, 1730. 

(59) III. John, 5 b. Sept. 24, 1729, d. young. 

(GO) IV. Mercy, 5 !). Jan. 18, 1731, d. 17 Mar. 1731. 

(61) V. Solomon, 5 b. Jan. 1, 1732, m. Susanna Davis. He succeeded 
his father as Register of Deeds for Barnstable Co., and d. May. 1788 

(8) VI. Mercy, 5 !). 1735, m. Adine Hinckley, 16 Dec, 1762. They 
had three sons, and she d. Feb. 19, 1793. 

(S) VII. AMOS, 5 b. 14 June, 1737, m. Catherine Delap, 7 Nov., 1767. 
He was a mariner and d. Dec, 1771. 

Nathaniel,* (24) who m. Abigail Russell, had, 

(64) I. Martha, 5 !). 1717, m. Edmund Freeman, II. C. 1733. He was 
b. 1711. She d. at Mansfield, Ct., 22 Jan., 1790, se. 72. They had 8 sons 
and 2 daughters. Nine of them lived to adult, and most of them to an 
advanced ago. All the sons (one d. in infancy) were in public life, and the 
youngest dau. m. Roger Ilovey, and s. in Vt. 

(6/)) II. Nathaniel, 5 b. 1718, joined the body of troops under Admiral 
Vernon, which, in 1740, took the town of Porto Bello, and destroyed its 

is |s.| Th<> Otis Family. - s0 

fortifications. There was an extraordinary mortality among the troops, and 
he was among those who <1. before the siege terminated (Of nearly 1000 
men from New England not 8 hundred returned ) 

> III. Jonathan,' b. 172 Jandwich and m — He lived at New- 

port, R. I , where be was commander of the militia. In 177s be removed 
to Middletown, Cl , and d. there 1791. 

Col. James, 4 (25) who m. Mary Allyne, had, 

(,"; ; ) I. .!\ n -. -The Patriot," who was b. in the family man-ion at 
Barnstable,5 Feb. 1724-5, II C. L743. Hem. Ruth Cunningham, L755. 
She was the dau. of a merchant, very beautiful, and was possessed of a 
dowry, which in those times was considi red very large. This was sacredly 
preserved by her husband, and after her decease, it was divided between 
her daughters. She d. L5 Nov., 1789, m GO. 

The life of James Otis has been i the world in a variety of for 

That by Wm. Tudor is the most extensive and elaborate, and has been the 
foundation of others more succinct "Sparks' American Biography," 2d vol. 
2d Series, contains a most admirable and corred i I of him. In this 

place we can only say of the distinguished patriot, that he was one of the 
earliest and boldest as erters of the grt at pi ' which led to oar national 

existence. Before the year 1770, no Ami rican, Dr. Franklin onl; pt- 

edj was bo much known, and so often name! in iher col and 

England. His papers have all perished* j none of J "*" 

ed, and he himself, having bei o cut off he R< actually com- 

menced, his name is connected with none of the public documents thai are 
familiar to the nation. It is owing to this combination of circumstanc 
that the most learned, the most eloquent, tl ardent, the most influen- 

tial man of his time, is now so little known, that to many persons the follow- 
ing language of President John Adam- may b< iggerated: — "1 have 
been young and now am old, and I solemnly say, I have never known a man 
Whose love of his country was more ardent or Bincere, n who Buffered 
so much, never one whose Ben ices for any ten year- of his life w ere bo impor- 
tant and essential to the cause of bis country, as those of Mr. Otis from 
17fc0 to 70." Language equally Btrona was used by the late Chief-Justice 
Dana, when speaking of him in one of his charges to a Grand Jury ; ana 

similar opinions were held by all those who acted with him, and were wit- 
nesses of his talents and influence. 

He was one of those who first Opposed the demands of a tyrannical gov- 
ernment, and opened the path through which his BUCCeSSOrS followed With 

so much applause; while he was prevented by disease and the infirmities ol 
nature, from taking a part in the events succeeding his early exertions. For 

ten years, Mr. Otis was looked upon as the safeguard and ornament of our 
cause; and the splendor of his intellect threw into the shade all the great 
contemporary lights. The cause of American Independence was, for along 
time, identified abroad with the name of Otis ; and it was thought, foolishly 
enough, that if he were taken away, that would perish. 

He studied law with Mr Gridley, and began practice at Plymouth, and 
soon after s. in Boston. He was appointed Advocate General at the Court 
of Admiralty, which place he resigned in 1761. In this year he distin- 
guished himself by pleading against the ** "Writs of Assistance." Of the 
character of his argument, and its effect upon the immense concourse of 

* Wo have the good fortune and great satisfaction of possessing a most curious little vol- 
ume, once belonging to James Otis. On its title page is his name in his own hand- 
writing. — Ed. 

290 The Otis Family. [July, 

people that assembled to hear him, we are not left to conjecture. 
President Adams has given it to us in his own fervent manner : — " Otis 
was a flame of fire ; with a promptitude of classical allusions, a depth of 
research, a rapid summary of historical events and dates, a profusion of 
legal authorities, a prophetic glance of his eye into futurity, and a rapid 
torrent of impetuous eloquence, he hurried away all before him. American 
Independence was then and there born. The seeds of patriots and heroes, 
to defend the Non sine Diis animosus infans ; to defend the vigorous youth, 
were then and there sown. Every man of an immense crowded audience 
appeared to me to go away as 1 did, ready to take arms gainst Writs of 
Assistance. Then and there was the first scene of the first act of opposi- 
tion to the arbitrary claims of Great Britain. Then and there, the child 
Independence was born. In fifteen years, he grew up to manhood and 
declared himself free * * * *. I do say in the most solemn manner, 
that Mr Otis's oration against Writs of Assistance, breathed into this na- 
tion the breath of life." 

His exertions on this single occasion secured him a commanding popu- 
larity with the friends of their country, and the terror and vengeance of her 
enemies ; neither of which ever deserted him. 

At the next election, in May, 1761, he was chosen to represent the town 
of Boston in the Legislature, in which body the powers of his eloquence, the 
keenness of his wit, the force of his arguments; and resources of his intellect 
gave him great influence. For the detail of his course, during the period 
in which he was a Representative, we must refer the reader to his biogra- 

He was a member of the " Stamp Act Congress, " held at New York in 

In 1770, he was attacked by a royalist by the name of Robinson, cruelly 
beaten, his head cut open ; he was found bleeding and faint, a spectacle of 
ruin ; in short he was but the wreck of what he once had been. His wounds, 
though not mortal, had destroyed his reason, and the great man was no 
longer feared by his enemies, — the enemies of liberty, — but lived a melan- 
choly monument to his friends for several years. 

The manner of his death was a singular coincidence with a wish he had 
often expressed to Mrs. Warren. "My dear sister, I hope, when God Al- 
mighty, in his righteous providence, shall take me out of time into eternity, 
that it will be by a flash of lightning." This was a fearful — a singular 
wish. And what is still more singular and fearful, that wish was granted. 
On the 23d of May, 1783, as he was standing at the door of a house in 
Andover, he was instantly killed by a flash of lightning. There is a degree 
of consolation blended with awe in the manner of his death. The end of 
his life was ennobled, when the ruins of a great mind, instead of being 
undermined by disease, were demolished at once by a bright bolt from 
Heaven. Mr. Adams, then minister to France, wrote, " It was with very 
afflicting sentiments I learned the death of Mr. Otis, my worthy master. 
Extraordinary in death as in life, he has left a character that will never 
die, while the memory of the American Revolution remains; whose foun- 
dation he laid with an energy, and with those masterly abilities, which no 
other man possessed." 

The works of Mr. Otis were not numerous. He published " A Vindica- 
tion of the Conduct of the House of Representatives," 1762 ; " The Rights 
of the Colonies," 1764, occasioned by the Stamp Act — a master-piece, 
both of good writing and of argument — long a text-book of the best author- 
ity with the patriots of the Revolution ; " Considerations, &c," 1765 ; and 

1848.] The Otu Family. 291 

political ktioofl in the Boston Gazette Besides bis legal and political 

knowledge, be was a complete master of classical literature. He published 
a treatise entitled "The Rudiment* • . I 1 osody, &c.;" and composed 

a similar work on Greek I' . which perished with all the res! ol his 


The chief defecl of bis character « ility. His merits are 

well summed up in the following extract from the work of Tudor: 

•• In fine he was a man of powerful genius and ardent temper, with wit 
and humor thai c failed. A> an orator, he was bold, argumentative, 

impetuous, and commanding, with an eloquence that made his own excite- 
ment irresistibly contagious. As a lawyer, his knowledge and ability 
placed trim it the head of hi> profession. As a Bcholar, he was rich in ac- 
quisition, and governed by a classic tast< . As a -tan. -man and civilian, he 
was sound and just in his views. As u patriot, lie resisted all allurements 
that might *%aken the cause of that country to which he devoted hi- lite, 
and lor v. .- 4 he sacrificed it. The future historian of the United States, 
in considering the foundation of American Independence, will find that one 
of the corner-stones must he inscribed with the name of. Inim I 

($,) II. Joseph, - b. at Barnstable, 6 March, L725 6 His first v 
was Rebecca Sturgis, hi- second, .Maria Walter. He wasfetmany years 
% clerk of the Court of Common Pleas; a member of th Legislature; and 
Brigadier- Genera] of the Militia Washington appointed him Collector <»t 
Customs for the district of Barnstable, an office which he laid I'm- many 
years. He was of verj essential service in the Revolutionary ^ ar. in op- 
posing all attempt- of the English to destroy a privateer, with their hunt-, 
which sought refuge in Barnstable harbor. He died in the peace ol the 
Christian faith, 24 Sept., 1810, a-, si. Hi. last wife d. 1826. 

(Sa) III. Mer< y} b 1 I L728, m. Gen. James Warren, of Ply- 
mouth, a lineal descendant of Richard Warren, who came over in the May- 
flower, lie succeeded Joseph Warien a- President of the Provincial 
Congress; and d. 1808, re. 83. She had an active, as well as a powerful 
mind, and took a part in the politics of the day. She held correspondence 
with some of the active statesmen of the times. With a brother who was 

for so many years the chief leader and adviser in all the councils ot opposi- 
tion, and with a husband earnestly engaged in the same cause, -he could rot 
fail to become acquainted with all the principles and occurrences ot that 

period, in which her disposition led her to he deeply interested. She wrote 

several satirical pieces, poetical and dramatic; a forcible poetical satire in 
the shape of a drama, called the " Group;" the "Adulator;" two tragedies, 

of live acts each, called the "Sack of Koine," and "The Ladies of Castile." 
These productions are lull of patriotic feeling and heroic sentiments. 'I hey 
were written during the war, and published as early as 177S. The writer 
was master of rhythm; and a century hence they will be Bought for and read 
with enthusiasm. She wrote political speeches for some of the members ot 
the Convention, called for adopting the Federal Constitution, 1788; and 
the speaker was detected in his borrowed plumage by the eloquence 01 the 
style of his oration, and from his ignorance of some of her classical allusions. 
She also wrote the history of the Revolutionary War, which she published in 
three volumes octavo, in 180,3; an excellent work of its kind — rather 
combined with a free spirit of democracy. In drawing the portrait of John 
Adams, she exhibited him as inclining to aristocratic principles, which pro- 
duced a sharp correspondence between the state-man and historian, hut 
which was amicably settled, and notes of courtesy passed between them. 
She held a free pen, and was a little too suspicious of aristocratic feelings. 

292 The Otis Family. [July, 

This history shows great research and sound judgment. It is seldom that 
women have written of battles with any success, even in fiction. Miss 
Porter is perhaps an exception, and certainly Mrs. Warren shows that she 
had some idea of a fight. She was in advance of the age as a female writer, 
and it was settled almost as common law, that women were not to presume 
to teach the reading world, particularly in the graver matters of history and 
politics. She d. in the autumn of 1814, a?. 86, having possessed as good a 
share of intellect, as much information, and more influence, arising from 
mental superiority, than falls to the lot of more than one woman in one age. 

(70) IV. Mary, 5 b. 9 Sept. 1730, m. John Gray. 

(71) V. Hannah, 5 b. 31 July, 1732. 

(72) VI. Nathaniel, 5 b. 9 July, 1734, d. 13 Jan., 1735. 

(73) VII. Martha, 5 b 9 Oct., 1736, d. 25 Nov., 1736. 

(74) VIII. Abigail, 5 b. 30 June, 1738, d. 30 July, 1738. 

(75) IX. Elizabeth, 5 b. 1 Sept., 1739. 

($) X. Samuel Alltne, 5 b. at Barnstable, 24 Nov., 1740, grad. II. C. 
1759. He was first m. to Elizabeth, the only dau.* of Hon. Harrison Gray, 
Receiver General of Ms., and second to Mary, the widow of Edward 
Gray, Esq., and dau. of Isaac Smith. He commenced the study of law, 
with a view to its practice, but he abandoned this, and engaged in mercan- 
tile pursuits in Boston. He was a representative from Boston to the Gen : ' 
eral Court, 1776, and a member of the Convention which framed the Consti- 
tution of Ms. During the Revolution, he was a member of the Board of 
War and at one time Speaker of the House of Representatives. In 1787 he 
was appointed by the Governor one of the commissioners to negotiate with 
the insurgents in " Shay's Rebellion." He was elected a member of Con- 
gress in 1788, and after the adoption of the Federal Constitution, was 
chosen Secretary of the Senate of the United States, an office which he filled 
with scrupulous fidelity and amenity of manners, without being absent from 
his post a single day during a period of thirty years, and till death, amidst the 
collision of party strife, to the entire satisfaction of all. He was esteemed 
for his probity and attention to all his public duties, and for his bland and 
courteous manners. He d. at Washington, April 22, 1814, a?. 73. 

(77) XI. Sarah, 5 b. 11 April, 1742, d. 5 May, 1742. 

(78) XII. Nathaniel, 5 b. 9 April, 1743, d. 30 April, 1763. 

(79) XIII. A daughter, 5 d. early. 
Ensign, 4 (28) who m. Hannah Barker, had, 

(80) I. Ensign, 5 b. 1723. 

(# 4 ) II. John, 5 b. 1725, m. Jane Turner. 

(J5i) III Ignatius, 5 b. 1732, m. his second cousin, Thankful Otis. She 
was b. 1734. and d. 1826, as. 92. Their residence at Scituate was near 
" Halifax Hill." He was a warm Whig, and took an active part in the 
Revolution, and thereby lost his property and his reason. He remained 
insane until 1802, which was the year of his death. 

(S) IV. NOAH, 8 b. 1735, m. Phebe Cashing. He was one of the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence and of Inspection during the Revolution, and 
had the command of a body of men, which kept guard day and night. 

(84) V. Amos, 5 b. 1739, d. without [setae. 

Doct. Isaac, 4 (32) who m. Deborah Jacobs, had, 

($) I. Isaac, 5 b. at Scituate, 1719, grad. II. C. 1738, m. 31 April, 1746, 

* Pros. Adams says she was a "beautiful " woman. Her family, like many others, was 
unfortunately divided in the Revolution, and her own father became a refugee, and left the 
country. — Ed. 

Is 18.] The Otis Family. % 

fcfehitabel, dau. of Capt. Jonathan Bass. She was b. 1728, and d. 1800,8b. 
72 He was in flic practice of medicine al Bridgewater, and d. 17s.". 

(86) II. Josiah, 8 b. 1721, <1. early. 

(87) III. Josiah, 1 1). 172.~». d. earl 

\) IV. William/' b. 1726, m. and d. without issue. 
I V. Stephen, 5 b. L 728, m. Elizabeth Wade. II- -..-it Ha , and 

«l. in early life. 

(90) VI. James/ was b. 1732, d. early. 

(,';,) VI I. .1 \ m 17.! 1. m. Lu ' ing, of 

Falmouth, Cape Elizabeth, Me, IT""-!'. S id was the 

granddaughter "1' Rev. Jeremiah Cushing, who graduated II. C. 1 
preached in Scituate, and d. 1705. // Scituate, 

and commenced practice about 17'".". Befor hi r commenced | 

(ice. in 17 19, for nearly a century, the mini were the pi II'' 

was in the French War, and served as mate a: ( ■ •• i 1' 

I7.VS, in Col. Bayley'a regiment In 177 1 he 

by the town, who reported that *'th«' ai measures of the British 

Parliamenl are subversive <>f tho - and liberties which our 

have handed down to us." II" was also one i I I 

who reported all who won- inimical to the Conti tion. 

(92) VIII. Thomas, 8 b. 1736, <1. early. 

(93) IX. Thomas/ b. 1738, d. early. 
Joseph, 4 (34) who m. Lucy Little, had, 
(&) I. Joseph," b. 1734, m. AJ il Otis. 

(JJ) [I.John,* b. 1736, m. first, Wienn 'rid, 

widow . Vinal. 

fjf ) III. Babnabas, 8 d. 1739, m. Polly Becords, and s. in Plymouth. 
(i)7) I\'. Charles, 8 d. early. (98) Chab L early. 

JOSBI \.' (35) who in. Hannah Barker, had, 
(!)!>) 1. Joshi \. ; ' h. 1737, d. early. 

(100) II. George, 8 b. 17 1 1, .1. eai 

(.'?') III. Joshua, 8 l>. 17 is, m. Mary Thaxter of Hingh'am. The; 
in Scituate, and he d. 1822. 

Nathaniel, 4 (36) who m. Hannah Thatcher, had, 

(102) 1. Ltd ia, 8 b. 20 Jan., 1716-17, m. Abner K and afterwards 
Capt. Amos Thomas, and left numerous descendants. 

(103) IT. Hannah, 8 b. 29 Feb.. 1717-18, m. Benajah McCaH, and 

(101) III. Dorotht, 8 I). 16 April, 1721, had thr 

Asahel Bigelow, Isaac Day, and Joseph Langrill, and left many I mts. 

(105) IV. Desire, 8 b. 20 May, 172:5, m. Dea. Ichabod Bartlett, and 
left children. 

(106) V. Nathaniel, 8 b. 20 Aug., 1725, at ( and d. 21 
Jan., 1740-1, S3. 16. He was pursuing his studies, preparatory to a - 
giate course, with a Rev. Ml*. Jewett of MontviUe, when one day he rup- 
tured a blood vessel, cutting wood in strife with another young man. To 
such violent exertion lie was unaccustomed. His remains were taken to 
Colchester for interment, and in the old burying-ground at that place there 
is a monument to his memory. 

(107) VI. Dklight, 5 d. a youth. 

Qg) VII. John, 5 b. 1 April, 1728. m. Prudence, daughter of Michael 
Taintor, 20 Dec, 1750. She was b. 20 Aug., 1720, and d. 7 June, 1823, 
at the advanced age of 94. She had been blind a few years previous to 
her death. He was a farmer, and a surveyor of land. He held numerous 

294 The Otis Family. [July, 

town offices. His "List" for 1772 was "two heads, one house, two fire 
places, 22 acres plow, 80 do. mow and pasture land, 50 do. Bush pasture, 
18 do. Bog-meadow, 4 oxen, 8 cows, 3 horses, 1 colt, 1 swine." He took 
the oath of fidelity, Dec. the 17th, 1782. He was an excellent penman, as 
is seen from various specimens of his writing now in existence. His right 
han I was struck with the palsy, and he then wrote by binding a pen to his 
arm. A manuscript work of bis is now in existence on the Elements of 
Geometry and Surveying, written at t'.ie age of twenty. He resided at 
Colchester on the estate he received by deed from his parents in 1769, and 
d. of an apoplexv, Oct the 24th, 1804, ae. 77. 

(10')) VIII. Mercy, 5 b 3 July, 1734, m. Nathaniel Bartlett. 

James, 4 (37) who m. Sarah Tudor, had, 

(110) T. James, 5 b. 1714, and was accidentally killed at a military pa- 
rade at New London, Ct., a?. 21. He had just been elected captain of a 
company, and in the careless discharge of fire arms usual on such occasions, 
he received a musket charge in his head, killing him instantly. 

(JJJ) II. John, 5 b. 1732, at New London, m. Lucy Darrow. He s. in 
Whittingham, Vt, soon after the Revolutionary War, where he d. in 1816, 
re. 84. 

(112) III. Betty, 5 who m. Jonathan Bigelow, 1758, had two sons and 
seven daughters. 

(JJD IV. Stephen, 5 b. 30 Sept., 1738, m. Lucy Chandler of Duxbury, 
Ms., 1762. She was born in 1738, and d. 4 March, 1837, at the great age 
of 98 years, 8 months, and 2 days. They lived at Colchester, where their 
children were born. He took the oath of fidelity, 1781, and freeman's 
oath, 1782. He was in the old French War under Gen. Putnam ; was 
stationed at Fort Stanwix, and was at the taking of Montreal. He was also 
a soldier in the Revolutionary War, and saw the burning of New London. 
He d. at Halifax, Vt., a3. 93 years and 51 days. 

(^) V. Richard, 5 b. 1744, m. Mary^Hinckley of Lebanon, Ct. He 
s. at Fort Ann, New York, and d. about 1825. 

Joseph, 4 (46) who m. Elizabeth Little, had, 

(!,-;!) I. Joseph, 5 b. 1739, at New London, Ct., m. 1st, Lucy Horton of 

N. L., 2nd, widow Carew of Norwich, 3rd, Abigail Hurlbert of 

Westfield. His last wife survived him. He d. at Westfield, Ct., 1823. 

(5J5) II. Nathaniel, 5 b. 1742, m. Amey Gardner of Norwich. He s. 
at Montville, Ct., d. in 1634, at Perry, Genessee Co., N. Y., a\ 92. 

(5ii) III. David, 5 b. 1743, m. Mary Day of Colchester, Ct., and 2nd, 
Abigail Smith of Montville. He s. at Galway, Saratoga Co., N. Y. 

(JJ|) IV James, 5 b. 1746, m. 1st, Sarah Holmes of Montville, 2nd, 
Mary Phelps of Wethersfield, 3rd, Belinda Clapp of South Hampton, Ms. 

(119) V. Jonathan, 5 b. 1753. He entered the armies of the Revolu- 
tion, Mas in a number of engagements, and was killed in 1777, at the battle 
of Stillwater. 

(120) VI. Barnabas, 5 b. 1755, and d. in Ohio. 

(121) VII. Shubael, 5 b. 1759. He was killed at Rhode Island in the 
American Revolutionary War. 

(gj) VIII. William, 5 b. 1762, m. and s. in Ellisburgh, Jef- 
ferson Co., N. Y. 

Jon, 4 (48) who m. Thankful Otis, had, 

(123) I. Job, 5 b. 1729, d. and left no children. 

(12 1) II. Lemuel, 5 b. 1729, d. and left no children. 

($) III. David, 5 b. 1731, m. Mary Vinal. 

1848.] Tin Otit Family. 

(126) IV Tiiw b. 1784, m. her I 

She .1. in L826. 

i V. Prin< i.,' b. 1736, i!'. Ruth Otis. 
i VI Aui.mii/ b 1788; m. Mary Turner. 

VII. Mart." (130) VIII. Han» \m.' b. (181) IX. Eli i 

Dm. i . Epbraim, 4 ("»1 ) who iii. Rachel 1 1 I. 

(132) I. Mary, 5 b. •, and m. William, 3d son of Jedidiah Lincoln, 

ofHingham. Their sons were Wm. Otis, Henry, II.' - riomon, 

father of the presenl Hon. Solomon Lincoln of Hingbam. 

i [I. Ephraim,' b. I735j m. Sarah II Her mother, Martha 

Jenks, wife of I),i\i'l Harris, was grandd ernor Joseph Junks 

of Rhode fsland, and d. 1826, m. I'M y. 7 mo. and 1 day. He graduated 

II. C. 1756, and received the degn f M 1) ' C 1759 I! 

Burgeon In tin* French War, at Port William Henry, 1757. He settled at 
Scituate, and his practice waa v tensive. He was on the fir * commit- 

tee appointed by the town, L 774, to act in r to the Revolutionary 


(gj) III. Cb . b. 17K>, m. lsl Ellis, 2d Tilden, 3d 

Hammond. He d in Connecticut 

(185) I V. J i '.17 18 ; and perhaps then 

l>\\ in. 1 (53) wha in. Susan Hadden, had, 

(136) I. [saa< . b. 1768, b. at Hingham. 
John, (56) who m. Temperance Hinckley, had, 

(137) I. John^d. 17 Dec, 1742, d. 6 Jan., L742 3, at Barnstable. 

(138) II. John, 6 b. L9 Feb., 1743, m. Hannah Churchill They s. at 
Plymouth, and had three daughters, one of whom m. Solomon Hinckley. 
It is thought they had also a son John, who d. at Plymouth in 1822. He 
d. 1798, at Plymouth. 

(139) [IL Hayman, 1 b. 27 Oct, 1717. d. 5 Nov., 17 17. 

( 1 10) [V. II IYMAN, 6 h. 8 March, 1748, d. in infancy. 

Mercy, 1 (62) who m. Adine Hinckley, had, 

(111) I. Aoi\i,"h. -_m May, L768, Barnstable. 

(142) II. Solomon, 6 b. 8 March, 1770, d. at Fredorria, N. Y. 

(143) III. RoBrNSON T., e b. 8 June, 1773, s. at Barnstable. 

Amos,"' (63) who m. Catharine Delap, had, 

(III) I. Amos, 8 b. 12 Sept, 1768, m. 1st, Nancy Farnsworth, 2nd, 

Sally Farnsworth. He s. in Barnstable. 
(145) II, Solomon, 6 b. 80 Sept, 1771, m. Hannah Nye He d. at 

Barnstable, dune, 1823. 

Major d<>.\ wn \n/' (66) who m. , had, 

(14<>) I. Nathaniel, 6 b. 1755, and d. in 1817, in South Carolina. 

(147) II. Joseph, 6 b. 17."»7, d. 1786, at Middletown, Ct 
Hon. James, 5 (<>7) who m. Ruth Cunningham, had, 

(148) I James, 6 b. 17.">.j. He was a boy of very bright parts, and of 
some eccentricity of character, hut his career was terminated before a just 
estimate eould he made of Ins future promise. II.' entered at the beginning 
of the war, as a volunteer midshipman, and d. after being a short time in 
the service, «. 21. It is said he d. on hoard the "Jersey Prison Ship," in 

(140) II. Elizabeth, 6 m. Capt Brown, an officer in the English 

army, oi' a £ood family in Lincolnshire. He was wounded at the battle of 
Bunker Hill, and afterwards placed in command of o »5 of the fortresses on 
the emret- ^- EngltHK l. She left the country with her husband during the 

296 The Otis Family. [July, 

War, and did not return to it agaia, except -fer-suB hort . visit in 1792. She 
was, in 1821, Till 1Jp*^i a widow in England. Her alliance with the 
British officer deeply offended her father, and in his will, he left her but 
five shillings. 

(150) III. Mary, (; * in. Benjamin Lincohv— II. C. 1777, — eldest son 
of General Lincoln of Revolutionary ^rcfliftty Hf She possessed fine talents 
and an agreeable character, and d. at Cambridge in 1806. He was in the 
profession of the law, and d. a?. 28. They had two sons, — Benjamin, a 
physician. H. C. 1800, who died at Demarara in 1813; and James Otis, 
II. C 1807, a lawyer, who d. in 1818, leaving a widow and two children. 

General Joseph, 6 (68) and his wife, Rebecca Sturgis, had 

(151) I. Rebecca, 6 b. 25 Aug., 1754. 

(152) II. James, 6 b. 20 Sept., 1755, graduated II. C. 1775. He was 
lost at sea about 1790. 

(153) III. Elizabeth, 6 b. 12 Jan., 1760. 

(154) IV. Joseph, 6 b. 1762, d. in infancy. 

(155) V. A daughter. 6 

By his second wife, Maria Walter, he had, 

(156) VI. Joseph, 6 b. Sept,, 1771, m. 1st, Ann Stoll, 2nd, Munro, 

3rd, . He was postmaster at Travellers' Rest, S. C, and d. in 

1839, at Louisville, Ky. 

(157) VII. Nathaniel Walter, 6 who was b. Jan., 1773. His first 
wife was Nancy Bourne of Barnstable ; his second, an English lady in 
Havana. He s. in Matanzas, Island of Cuba, and finally in New Orleans, 
a planter. A dau. m Quincy Thaxter of Hingham. 

(158) VIII. John, 6 b. April, 1774, now living on the "Otis farms," 

(159) IX. Thomas, 6 b. Nov., 1775, d. 14 Aug., 1803, at Albany, N. Y. 

(160) X. Charles, 6 b. July, 1777, d. 14 Aug., 1794, in Charleston, S. C. 

(161) XI. A son, 6 b. Feb. 1779, d. same day. 

(162) XII. William, 6 b. Feb., 1783. He was for many years a clerk 
in -the U. S. General Land Office, Washington, and d. 7 April, 1837, se. 54. 

(163) XIII. Arthur, 6 b. Dec, 1784, d. 24 Julv, 1801, in the Havana. 

(164) XIV. Maria, 6 b. 1788, m. Rev. Philip Colby. She had many 
accomplishments, and was of eminent piety; d. 20 May, 1821, 92. 33. 

(165) XV. Mary A, 6 b. , m. Hon. Ebenezer Gay, of Hingham. 

He was a grad. II. C. 1789. 

Mercy, 5 (69) m. Gen. James Warren, and they had, 

(166) I. James. 6 (167) II. Winslow. 6 (168) III. Charles. 8 
(169) IV. Henry. 6 (170) V. George. 6 

[To be continued.] 

* It was this individual to whom John Adams refers in one of his letters to Tudor, in 
this passage: ''After my return from Europe, I asked his [James Otis's] daughter whether 
she had found among her father's manuscripts a treatise on Greek Prosody. With hands 
and eyes uplifted in a paroxysm of grief, she cried, 'Oh, sir, I have not a line from my 
father's pen. I have not even his name in his own hand-writing.' When she was a little 
calmed, I asked her, ' Who has his papers ? Where are they?' She answered, ' They are 
no more. In one of those unhappy dispositions of mind which distressed him after his 
great misfortune, and a little before his death, he collected all his papers and pamphlets and 
committed them to the flames. He was several days employed in it.' " J\ T ovanglus, &c. 
231. — Ed. 

1 H 18. ] Genealogy of the />• arbom Family. 


i;v ].. B. QEABBORN. 

( Continued from page '.)8.) 

Issue of Jonathan Dearborn^ No. XXIZ 

(75) I. John, b. April 2, 1718, m. d. March 22, 1807, Be wag 
bis father's successor on the farm at Stratham. He m. Lat, Mary Chap- 
man, b. in. -I. Maj 18, L762; 2d, Mary Oawley, b. 

in. (1. An-. 20, 1769. The male issue of this tain- 

ily were, 1, Jonathan, who lived in Raymond; 2, James \ 8, John, who 
remained al home, and whose boo John .-till Live3 upon tin- farm. One 
branch of the family resides in Charlestown, Ma 

(76) II Bethiah, I. Nov. 24, 1719, num. (1. April 12, 1767. 

(77) III. Hi vi\mi\, b. Ocl 24, 1721, mnn. d. Sept 10,1725. 

(78) IV. Hannah, b. March l l. 1736, m. d. July 12, 1815. 

Issue of Joseph Dearborn, No. AY 17. 

(70) I. Simeon, b. July 10, 1720, onm. <L . We know that 

this son died young, by the fad that another son in the family afterwards 
recen ed the same name. 

(80) II. Reuben Gove, b. May 24, 1722, m. d. Dec l'7. 

1791. He lived, lirst at North 1 1 am pi on, on the " Winicoi r«'a«l," then in the 

interior of New Hampshire, and died at the house of bis Bon Joseph in 
North I lampion, on the road leading to Exeter. He married Phebe Sanborn, 
b. Dee. 13, 1720,111. d. Dee. 27, 1791. she was daughter of 

Dea. John Sanborn. The descendants of this family in the male line are 
not numerous. The males of the sixth generation were, 1, Joseph, b. Dee. 
3, 1746, d. Sept. 5, 1753; 2, Daniel, b. July 1 1, 1750, d. Dec, 14, Vt 

whose only son was True Worthy Gove, formerly warden of the New 
I lamp-hire State Prison; j3, Reuben Core, b. April 1<*>, 1753, who had a 
son Simon that Lived to he married ; 1, Joseph, who lived on the Exeter 

road, North Hampton, whose issue is now nearly extinct in the male line. 

(81) III. Joseph, b. Dec 1, 1 7J:». nnm. d. Feb. 18, 1736. 

(82) IV. Benjamin, b. Dec. 15, 1725, m. d. April 9, 1755. 
He was a physician, graduated at Harvard College in 1746, and settled in 
Portsmouth. The following inscription upon his grave-stone in the north 
burying-ground in that town is in a good state of preservation. 

" Here lies buried 
the body of Doct. 
Benjamin Dearborn 
who departed this life 
April y e 0. 1755, 
in the 30th year 
of his age." 
He married Ruth Rogers, b. m. d. . She 

was daughter of Dr. Benjamin Rogers of Portsmouth. In this .family there 
was but one son, Benjamin, b. about 1755, d. Feb. 22, 1838, in Boston, 
extensively known as the inventor of the " patent balance." His sons, Na- 
thaniel and John M., still reside in Boston. 

(83) V. Simeon, b. Dec. 11, 1727, m. d. . He 


298 Genealogy of the Dearborn Family. [July* 

lived in Greenland, at a place called " Norton's Hill," near North Hamp- 
ton. He married, first, Anne Gookin, b. m. d. Oct. 
22, 1763. Second, Martha Haven, b. m. d. 
The first wife was buried in the north burying-ground at North Hampton, 
with two infant children, where her tomb-stone and inscription can still be 
seen. One son, Simeon, has a son Levi, living at this time in South Bos- 
ton. The second wife was from Portsmouth. She had several sons, whose 
descendants are not known to the writer. 

(84) VI. Levi, b. March 7, 1730, m. March 28, 1751, d. March 28, 
1792. He was a physician, and resided in North Hampton. He lived at 
some time on the farm recently [perhaps now] occupied by Colonel John 
Taylor, and at some time on the farm of the late Hon. Daniel Gookin, who 
married his daughter. He was for many years Town Clerk, Representa- 
tive to the General Court, &c. Dr. Dearborn was interred in the north 
burying-ground at North Hampton, where the following inscription still 

" In memory of 

Doctor Levi Dearborn 

who after a life of extensive 

usefulness in his calling 

departed this life 

March 28. 1792. Aged 62." 

He married Sarah Swett, b. 1736, m. March 28, 1751, d. Aug. 2, 

1808. She was daughter of Benjamin Swett, son of Joseph of Newbury, 
son of Benjamin, son of John. After the death of her first husband >\ie 
married Hon. Philip White, and died at South Hampton. The only male 
issue of this family which lived to adult age were, 1, Levi, b. June 30, 1757J 

m. Anna, daughter of Rev. Haven of New Castle, Sept. 11, 1781, d. 

at Concord, June 1, 1802; 2, Benjamin, b. May 1, 1770, m. Sarah Pick- 
ering of Greenland, 1792. 

(85) VII. Sarah, b. July 11, 1732, unm. d. Feb. 9. 1736. 

Issue of Simon Dearborn, No. XXX. 

(86) I. Hannah, b. m. d. . She was 
probably the oldest child in this family, though the date of her birth is want- 
ing. She married Benjamin AVadleigh, b. m. d. 

They lived at Kensington. 

(87) II. Abigail, b. March 28, 1731, m. d. . This 
daughter married Benjamin Lamprey, b. m. d. 

(88) III. John, b. Oct. 7, 17:52, unm. d. April 26, 1736. 

(89) IV. Simon, b. March 21, 17;; 1. m. (see wives) d. . lie 

moved to Monmouth, Maine, where he lived to old age. He married, 1st, 

Anna Sanborn, b. April 6, 1737, in. Ang. 19, 1756, d. . She 

was daughter »>f Ebenezer Sanborn of North Hampton. He married. 2d, 
Dolly Currier, b. about L 749, m. April . 1770, d. Nov. 13, L832. The 
only male issue el' this family that lived to adult age was Simon, b. Nov* 
27, L760, in. l>t. Molly Blake of Epping, L782, who d. Nov. 14,1804; 2d, 
Mehitable Mar-ton. L805, who d. Feb. 30, 1838, aged ('.("». This family is 
numerous in Monmouth, Lieut Col. Greenlief Dearborn of the U. S. Ar- 
my, who died at Brattleborough, Sent. '.•, 18 46, was son of the last men- 
tioned Simon. 

(90) V. SABAH, b. m. d. . She mar- 
ried Robert .Page, b. m. d. . He was son 

1848.] Genealogy of the Dearborn Family. 299 

of David Page of North Hampton, son of Chr stopherof Hampton, son o 
Thomas, son of Robert. 

(91) VI. John, b. Oct. 3, 1738, m. d. Jan. 18, 1830. He 
was usually styled u Capt. John Dearborn," and resided at North Hampton, 
on the estate of his father and grandfather. He married Bethiah Fogg, 
b. m. d. . She was daughter of Aimer 
(or Seth ?) Fogg, son of Seth, son of Samuel. The male issue of this fam- 
ily who lived to adult age, were, 1, John, b. Oct. 17, 1760, lived in Green- 
land; 2, Simon, b. April 28, 1766, d. at North Hampton, Nov. 3, 1843. 
His only male descendant is a grandson, Thomas W. Dearborn, a shipmas- 
ter, of Boston; 3, Joseph, b. May 17, 1768, d. Nov. 4, 1801. The only 
descendants are in Paris, Kentucky; 4, Rhodolphus, b. March 21, 1784, 
moved to New York. 

(92) VII. Eliphalet, b. Sept. 6, 1740, m. d. . He 
married Mary Chase, b. m. d. . She was 
daughter of Josiah Chase of Epping. Where this family went I know not. 

(93) VIII Ruth, b. Aug. 29, 1741, m. d. . She 
married Phineas Blake, b. m. d. . This 
family was originally of Epping, but afterwards removed to Monmouth, 
Maine, where the descendants now reside. 

(94) IX. Deborah, b. Feb. 5, 1743, m. d. . She 
married Jonathan Cilley, b. m. d. . They 
lived at Notingham. 

(95) X. Benjamin, b. Feb. 13, 1745, m. d. . He 
settled in Monmouth, Maine. He married Anna Freeze, b. m. 

d. . The descendants are in Monmouth and vicinity. 

(96) XL Levi, b. Feb. 23, 1747, m. d. Feb. 25, 1836. This 
son also moved to Monmouth. He married Susanna Page, b. Aug. 27, 
1749, m. d. Nov. 28, 1841. She was daughter of David Page 
of Epping. 

The male issue of this family were, 1, Dudley, b. Oct. 5, 1770; 2, Da- 
vid, b. March 6, 1773 ; John, b. July 6, 1780, settled in Winsor, Me. ; 4, 
Frederick W., b. Oct. 17, 1787, settled in Augusta. The descendants are 
numerous in the above-mentioned places and vicinity. 

(97) XII. Henry, b. Feb. 23, 1751, m. (see wives) d. June 6, 1829. 
He was a physician at Notingham, N. H, in 1772, Captain in the New 
Hampshire Regiment at the battle of Bunker Hill, 1775, Captain in Ar- 
nold's expedition to Quebec, 1775-6, Major, with the command of a dis- 
tinct corps, at the battles of Stillwater and Saratoga, 1777, Lieut. Colonel 
at the battle of Monmouth, 1778, Deputy Quarter Master General with 
rank of Colonel at the siege of Yorktown and the capture of Cornwallis, 
1781, Colonel of the first New Hampshire Regiment from 1781 to the end 
of the war, removed to Maine, 1784, elected Brigadier General of militia, 
1787, Marshal of Maine, 1789, member of Congress, 1793, Major General 
of militia, 1795, Secretary of War, 1801, Collector of the port of Boston, 
1809, Major General of 14th Div. Mass., Feb., 1812, Senior Major Gen- 
eral of U S. Army and Commander-in-chief in the Northern Department, 
April, 1812, Minister to Portugal, 1822, returned 1824, and.retired to pri- 
vate life. He died on his estate at Roxbury, Mass., and his body lies in 
the tomb which bears his name at Mount Auburn. He married 1st, Mary 
Bartlett, b. August 17, 1751, m. Sept. 22, 1771, d. Oct. 22, 1778; 2d, Dor- 
cas Osgood, b. March 24, 1752, m. March 28, 1780, d. Oct. 17, 1810; 3d, 
Sarah Bowdoin, b. m. Nov. , 1813, d. May 24, 1826. The 

300 Genealogy of the Dearborn Family. [July? 

second wife was daughter of Colonel John Osgood of Andover, Mass., and 
widow of Isaac Marble. The third wife was daughter of William Bow- 
doin, Esq., and widow of Hon. James Bowdoin. The male issue of this fam- 
ily were, 1, Henry Alexander Scammel, b. March 3, 1783, and 2, George 
Raleigh, b. Oct. 22, .1784, d. Dec. 3, 1806., unm. Henry A. S. Dearborn, 
above, graduated at William and Mary College, Va., 1803, commenced the 
practice of law in Portland, 1806, married Hannah Swett Lee of Salem, 
May 3, 1807, collector of the port of Boston, 1812, Brigadier General of 
militia, 1814, member of the convention for revising the Constitution of 
Massachusetts, 1820-1, member of the governor's council, 1830, State Sen- 
ator, 1831, member of Congress, 1832, Adjutant General of the Common- 
wealth, 1835, Mayor of Roxbury, 1847-8. 

Issue of Jeremiah Dearborn, No. XXXVII. 

(98) I. Jeremiah, b. Dec. 20, 1726, m. d. Jan. , 1784. He 
lived on the estate of his father and grandfather. He married Mary Nudd, 
b. m. d. . She was daughter of James 
Nudd, son of Samuel, son of Thomas, one of the early settlers of Hampton. 
The male issue of this family are, 1, Samuel, b. Nov. 20, 1754, d. Nov. 11, 
1838. He lived upon the farm which his ancestors had occupied for three 
generations before him, and was grandfather to the writer of this memoir. 
The descendants are numerous in North Hampton, Exeter, Portsmouth, 
and Gilmanton ; 2, Jeremiah, b. May 31, 1766. He moved to Wakefield, 
where his family still remains. 

(99) II. Sarah, b. May 27, 1728, unm. d. May 1, 1736. 

(100) III. Mary, b. 1732, unm. d. March 25, 1736. 

(101) IV. Samuel, b. Oct. 9, 1734, unm. d. March 16, 1736. 

(102) Y. Sarah, 2, b. July 11, 1737, m. d. Nov. 25, 1826. 
She married Simon Page, b. June 15, 1731, m. d. July 11, 1806. 
He was son of Jonathan Page, son of Christopher, son of Thomas, son of 
Robert, and lived on the road leading from North Hampton to Exeter. 

(103) VI. Mart, 2, b. May 23, 1740, m. d. Feb. 7, 1826. 
She married Stephen Page, b. April 8, 1735, m. d. June 8, 1805. 
He was brother to Simon above, (102) and resided in the same neighbour] 

(104) VII. Abigail, b. April 4, 1743, unm. d. 

(105) VIII. Anne, b. July 30, 1745, m. d. . She 
married William Godfrey, b. May 26, 1746, m. d. . He 
was son of James Godfrey. 

Issue of Nathaniel Dearborn, No. XXXIX. 

(106) I. Mary, b. Aug. 21, 1732, unm. d. young. 

(107) II. Samuel, b. June 18, 1734, m. d. . This 
son occupied the farm of his father at Kensington, and died without issue. 
He married Hannah James, b. ra. d. . She 
was of Kensington. 

(108) III. Henry, b. May 29, 1736, m. d. . He 
resided at Danville, and married, at Kensington, Hutchins, b. 

m. d. 

(109) IV. Mary, b. Jan. 16, 1739, m] d. . She 

1 I |1 "» 

. iO.J 

Genealogy cf the Dearborn Family. 





married Moses French, 1). 
family Lived at South Hampton. 

(110) V. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 30, L 741, nnm. <L early. 

dllj VI. Jeremiah, b. Aug. 29, L743, m. <1. April is. 1816. 

II«' moved to Portsmouth, when he died. He married Elizabeth Locke, 
b. m. d. . The descendants of this fam- 

ily arc to some extent remaining in Portsmouth, and the lab I _>.• Dear- 
born of Boston and New York, was a grandson <>t' Jeremiah. 

(112) VII. Elizabeth, b. May t, L743, m. d. 

She married Huntoon, b. m. d. 


family lived in Salisbury, N. II. 

(113) VIII. Nathan, b. Dec 12, 1746, m. d. 

married, in Kensington, Mary Brown, b. m. d. 

This family settled in Wakefield. 

(Ill) IX. Edward, b. Feb. 13, 1749, m. 177". d. June 16, 

17'.»'_?. He settled in Deerfield, but married, in Kensington, Susanna Brown, 
b. Oct. L5, L751, m. 177<>. d. Dec 8, L813. The male issue of tin- 

family were, I, Scire//, b. Feb. 26, 177."). m. Sarah Dow. April 11. L801, 
settled in Deerfield and has a son ia Bangor; 2, Nathaniel, l>. dan. is, 
1775, m. Comfort Palmer, July, 1795; 3, Samuel, b. Sept 8, 177*. m. 
Rachel Page, Jan. 1800; 1, Henry, b. May 11, 1780, m. Polly Wiggin, 
L801 ; 5, Edward, b. dune 19, 1790, d. dan. 27, 1809. 

(115) X. Rebecca, b. Jan. 23, 1751, m. d. . She 

married Webster, 1). in. d. . This fam- 

ily lived in Salisbury, N. II. 

Issue of Henry Dearborn, No. XL. 

(110) I. Samuel, b. Oct. 5, L738, m. ,1. . This 

son settled in Goshen, vt., where his descendants probably remain. 

(117) II. Sherburne, b. m. d. . He 

married Mary Kenniston, b. m. d. Many of 

the descendants of this family live in Bedford, X. II., and one branch is in 

(118) III. Nathaniel, b. m. d. . This 

son moved to New York, and is known to the writer only by tradition. 

(110) IV. Jam:, b. 



She married 

Timothy Osgood, b. 



. This family lived 

at Raymond. 

(120) V. Mary, b. 



. She married 

William Prescott, b. 



. They lived in 

Vershear, Yt. 

(121) VI. Margaret, 



d. She mar- 

ried Jeremiah Haynes, b. 



. They lived 

in Epsom. 

(122) VII. Love, b. 

unm. d. 


This daughter lived 

to old age in the family of her sister Margaret 

Note. — The arrangement of the names in this family except the first two may be er- 

Issue of Reuben Dearborn, No. LI. 

(123) I. Josiah, b. Sept. 18, 1733, m. d. Nov. 29, 1817. 

This son removed to Effingham, where he was one of the first settlers. He 
married Hannah Shepard, b. m. d. Nov. 17, 1783. The 

302 Genealogy of the Dearborn Family. [J ui y> 

issue of this family were, 1, Asahel, b. 1762, m. Elizabeth, daughter of 
Weare Drake, Aug. 6, 1776, d. Oct. 19, 1821. Their sons, Josiah Dear- 
born, Esq., and Dr. Asahel Dearborn, are still living in Effingham ; 2, 
Reuben, m. Comfort, daughter of Morris Hobbs, April 3, 1793, d. Jan. 30, 
1834; 3, Shepard, b. 1775, m. Mary, daughter of John Leavitt, Nov. 4, 
1798, d. March 7, 1822. 

(124) II. Sarah, b. 1735, unm. d. Sept. 3, 1731. 

(125) III. Reuben, b. July 29, 173 , m. d. . The 
male descendants of this son are still somewhat numerous, though the writer 
has been unable to get from them the proper statistics. 

(126) IV. Curtis, b. 1741, unm. d. Dec. 3, 1741. 

(127) V. Ann, b. June 28, 1744, m. d. . This was 
the first child of her father's second wife. 

(128) VI. Sarah, b. m. d. . Probably died 
young. (?) 

(129) VII. Phineas, b. m. d. . This son 
lived on the farm of his father and grandfather. His male issue were, 1, 
Ebenezer, who lived on his father's farm till within about thirty years, since 
which time the family has disappeared from the town. He married Anne, 
daughter of John Dearborn of Hampton. (See No. 161.) 2, Phineas, m. 
Abigail, daughter of Wm. Sanborn ; 3, Samuel, m. Polly Bachelder of 
Epsom ; 4, Richard Clark. The family still lives in the western part of 
New Hampshire. 

(130) VIII. Benjamin, b m. d. He 
removed to Effingham, where he lived to old age. He married Sarah 
Lamprey, b. m d. . She was daughter of 
Morris Lamprey, son of Benjamin, son of Henry. The male issue of this 
family were, 1, Samuel ; 2, Morris, both of whom are dead and nothing 
has been learned of their issue. 

(131) IX. Samuel, b. m. d. . This name 
comes down by tradition only. 

Issue of Ebenezer Dearborn, No. LIZ 

(132) I. Hannah, b. 1731, m. d. . She 
married, in Chester, Elijah Heath, b. m. d. 

(133) II. Sarah, b. 1734, m. d. 1814. She 
married, in Chester, John Shackford. 

(134) III. Stephen, b. May 15, 1738, m. d. 1823. 
He resided in Chester and married 1, Ruth Robie, b. m. 

d. 2, Lydia Robie, b. m. d. The 

first wife was daughter of John and the second of Samuel Robie. The male 
issue of this family was Richard, son of the first wife, whose posterity is 

(135) IV. Ebenezer, b. Sept. 6, 1744, m. 1769, d. 
He lived in Chester and married Adah Philbrick, b. m. 

d. The male issue of this family were, 1, John, who m. Susan 

Lufkin and moved to Vermont. He was living in 1823 ; 2, Jonathan, m. 
Anna, daughter of Col. Jonathan Dearborn, No. 136, and had female issue ; 
3, William, m. a Lowell of Amesbury, and there resided. 

(136) V. Jonathan, b. Dec. 26, 1746, m. d. He 
resided at Chester, and had the title of Colonel, and married Delia Robie, 
b. m. d. The male issue were, 1, Richard, 
b. Aug. 8, 1774, who had ten children; Edward, b. July 16, 1776, a physi- 
cian now living at Seabrook; 3, Jonathan, b. Jan. 25, 1781, who has sev- 

I s is.] ( / 1 ,,, alogy of the Dearborn Fa/mily, 303 

era! bods; I, Cyrus, b. Aug* 27, 1785, a physician at Salisbury, M 
several children ; 5, Ebenezer, b. July 30, L793, a physician at Nashua. 

(187) VI. Richard, b. May 2, 1747, m. d. Of 
this son I bave no farther information. 

(188) VII. Mi i.i, x, b. limn. d. 

(189) XIII Phbbb, 1). m. Aug. 1762, d. She 
married, in Chester, Wilkes West, I). DL L762, d. 

Issue of Peter Dearborn, No. TJ\'. 

(140) I. Peter, b. m. Dec 24, 1765, d. Oct 24, 1770. Ee 

married Tabitha Morrill, b. m. Dec 24, L765, d. 

They had female issue. 

(ill) II. Joseph, b. m. d. Be mar- 

ried Betsey Hall, b. m. d. Joseph had 

the titles Captain and Deacon. 

(M2) III. Josiah, b. m. d. Be mar- 

ried Susanna Emerson, b. m. d. She was 

daughter of Samuel Emerson, Esq., of Candia. They had sons, l. \ 
miah; 2, Henry; 8, Josiah; 1, Edmund; 5, Samuel i wit/, and 7, 
Jonathan, (wins; 8, Peter, and 9, Jolm, 1). L802. 

(143) IV. Asa, b. in. d. Be was a 
Captain, and married Anna Emerson, 1>. m. d. 

She was daughter of Samuel Emerson, Esq., of Candia. 

(144) V. Sherburne, b. Sept. 6, L758, m. d. 
Elizabeth Towle, b. m. d. They had several 


(145) VI. Anna, b. m. d. She married 
John Hazelton, b. m. d. 

Issue of Benjamin Dearborn, No. L\\ 

This family resided in Plymouth, X II., and although the descendants 
are known to be numerous, no statistics have been obtained. 

Issue of Thomas Dearborn, No, L VI, 

(MO) T. John Sanborn, b. Dec 12, L748, m (see wives) d. Dec. 2, 

18L'). He was a deacon, lived in Chester, and married, l, Mary Emerson, b. 
m. 1765, d. 2, Mehitable Bradly, b. m. 

Oct. 2G, 1807, d. The first wife was of Haverhill, a neice of 

Samuel Emerson, Esq., of Candia. The second was of Concord, and had 
a former husband by name of Melvin. In this family were two sons and 
nine daughters. The sons were, 1, John, b. 1778, d. 1800, num.; 2, Na- 
thaniel, Esq., b. 1781, lived at Northwood 

(147) II. Thomas, b. m. 1768, d. 1778. He 
lived in Candia, and was killed by a cannon shot in Rhode Island, during 
the Revolutionary War. He married Mary Morrison, b m. 
1708, d. Dec. 1620. The issue of this family were, 1, David, settled in 
Cazeno, N. Y., a lawyer, and has a son, Alexander Hamilton, a Lieutenant 
in the U. S. Navy; 2, John, settled in Sanbornton ; 3, Tltcmas, settled first 
in Raymond, then in Candia ; 4, Samuel, settled in Candia. 

(148) III. Samuel, b. m. d. about 1817. He 
was married, but I have no farther account of him. 

(140) IV. Dolly, b. ra. d. She mar- 

ried Nathaniel Emerson, b. m. d. They lived 

in Stoddard. 

304 Genealogy of the Dearborn Family. [July, 

(150) V. Molly, b. m. d. She married 

1, Samuel Towle, b. m. d. 2, Cass, 

b. m. d. The first husband lived in Candia, 

and the wife was living in 1823, aged about 83. 

(151) VI. Elizabeth, b. unm. d. young. 

Issue of Michael Dearborn, No. L VII. 

(152) I. Abigail, b. m. d. She died 

Issue of Jonathan Dearborn, No. LXIII. 

(153) I. Mary, b. m. d. She married 
Zacheriah Towle, b. m. d. They lived at 
North Hampton, near the line of Hampton, on the place of the late Abra- 
ham Towle, who was their son. 

Issue of John Dearborn, No. LXX. 

(154) I. Anne, b. Dec. 17, 1725, m. Jan. 11, 1749, d. She 
married Joseph Wadleigh, b. m. Jan. 11, 1749, d. 

They lived at Kensington. 

(155) II. John, b. unm. d. young. 

(156) III. Hannah, b. Dec. 3, 1730, m. . d. She 
married Dearborn Blake, b. m. d. 

(157) IV. Mary, b. Aug. 1, 1732, m. d. She mar- 
ried Wadleigh, b. m. d. 

(158) V. Ruth, b. June 5, 1734, m. April 24, 1755, d. She 
married Thomas Blake, b. m. April 24, 1755, d. They 
lived at Epsom. 

(159) VI. Elizabeth, b. March 5, 1736, m. March 9, 1756, d. 
She married Joseph Sanborn, b. m. March 9, 1756, d. 

(160) VII. Josiah, b. Jan. 11, 1728, m. Nov. 17, 1757, d. Sept. 15, 
1814. This son occupied the original farm of Godfrey Dearborn, No. 1, 
at Hampton. He was commonly known as Major Josiah Dearborn, and 
married Sarah Freese, b. Dec. 18, 1737, m. Nov. 17, 1757, d. Sept. 7, 
1828. She was daughter of Joseph Freese of Hampton, and his wife Sa- 
rah Sherburne. The sons in this family who had issue were, 1, Joseph 
Freese, b. June 11, 1761, m. Mary, daughter of Simon Nudd, d. Nov. 13, 
1827. His son Simon N. and grandson John, still reside on the original 
farm. 2, Josiah, b. Sept. 3, 1764, m. Mary, daughter of Dea, Christopher 
Smith of North Hampton, d. May 15, 1832, and had three sons and two 
daughters; 3, Freese, b. March 25, 1778, m. Abigail, daughter of Col. 
Abraham Drake of North Hampton. (See No. 42.) He was for many 
years Avell known as an officer of the county of Rockingham, had six sons 
and two daughters, descendants in Lowell, Exeter and Methuen. 

(161) VIII. John, b. July 21, 1740, m. d. Oct. 18, 1794. 
He went by the title of Colonel, and married Ziporah Towle, b. about 1743, 
m. d. Nov. 11, 1804. She was daughter of Francis Towle. The 
family lived a few rods west of the present rail-road station in Hampton, 
where Joseph Neal now resides. The male issue were, 1, John, b. Aug. 3, 
1763, m. Mary, daughter of Jonathan Towle, d. Dec. 8, 1845 ; 2, Jeremiah, 
b. Jan. 8, 1768, m. Ruth, daughter of Nathaniel Bachelder, June 6, 1790, 
and subsequently Nancy, a sister to Ruth. He moved to Parsonsfield, Me., 
where his family is still numerous; 3, Levi, b. Dec. 25, 1769, lived at 
Hampton; 4, Francis, b. April 3, 1772, d. at Parsonsfield, Me., family at 
Dixmont, Me.; 5, Jacob, b. May 8, 1774, moved to Parsonsfield, where his 

L848.] First Settlers of Gorham. 

descendants now are; 6, Jonah, b. Nov. 12, 1783, lives at Hampton; 7, 
Thomas, l>. 25, 1786, lives in I )« x t « r, Me ; < s , Jonathan, b. Aug. 22, 
1 788, lives in Hampton. 

(162) IX. Miriam, b. May 8, 1742, m. d. She 

married Jeremiah Sanborn, b. m. d. He 

was son of Jeremiah and Lydia Sanborn. (S i N". -' 

(168) X. P^dl, b. Sept. 29, 174 1, num. (1 Sept. 22, L746. 

Addenda. — Peteb Dearborn, No. 5 1, m. Margaret Fifield of Ki 
ton, Dee. 2, 1736, and d. about 1781. 

Benjamin Dearborn, No. 55, ax b Colcord of Kingston, and moved to 
Plymouth, X. II. 

Thomas Di lrborn, No. 56, m, Dolly Sanborn of Kingston, who, after 
the death of her husband, m. 2, Samuel Emerson, Esq , of Chester, and was 
mother of Susanna, and Anna Emerson, wives of Josiah and Asa Dearborn, 
No 1 12 and 1 l:;, above. 

Mi< ii \ i.i. Dearborn. No. -"'7, m. Dorothy Colby, April 11, 17.">l. 

To the Publisher of the Register and Journal. 

Gorham, Maine, Jan. 82, I 

I)i \u Sir, — 

In your valuable and interesting Historical and Genealogical Register for 
January, I find an article on the first settlers of Barnstable. As the town 
of Gorham was principally settled by persons from Barnstable, perhaps 

many of your readers would like to learn where many of the descendants of 

the first settlers of Barnstable now are. Not a few of them are now living 
in ( rorham. 

We still number among our citizens the names of Cobb, Davis, Hamblin, 
Hinkley, Casly, Lynnel, Lathrop, Lombard, Hall, Smith, Lewis, Bacon, 
and Phinney, whose lathers are emigrants from Barnstable. 

This town was granted to Capt. John ( rorham and one hundred and nine- 
teen others, for services in the Narragansel battle, fought 19th December, 
1675. Capt .John Phinney, son of Demon John Phinney of Barnstable, 
was the first settler of Gorham. His descendants are now numerous in this 
town, as are also the Cobbs, llainhlins, Lombards, Bacon.-, and Lewi 
The first hired preacher in Gorham was Josiah Crocker of Barnstable. The 
first settled minister was Rev. Solomon Lombard! 

The town of Gorham was settled in 1 73 6, and was then called Xarragan- 
sei. No. 7. In 1760, the town was incorporated by the name of Gorham, 
in honor of Capt. John Gorham, who commanded a company in the Xarra- 
ganset fight. The late Judge William Gorham, a grandson of the captain, 
died in this town in 1807. Col. Edmund Phinney. a distinguished officer 
in the Revolution, was a grandson of John Phinney, who was admitted an 
inhabitant of Barnstable between 1GG2 and 1666. The late Hon. Lathrop 
Lewis of this town was a direct descendant of the first George Lewis of 

I could furnish, if you desire it,* a complete list of the grantees of this 
town, with a sketch of its early settlement. Yours respectfully, 

Josiah Pierce. 

* Wc have invited all our friends to furnish this kind of information at their earliest 
convenience. An account of Gorham by the able hand of the author of the above com- 
munication, will be now expected by our readers. — Ed. 

306 Notes on the Josselyn Family, of Massachusetts. [July? 



An interesting account of some of the Old Settlers in New Hampshire 
and Maine, from the pen of the accomplished historian of Portland, ap- 
peared in the April number of the Register. I am sorry, however, to 
find in it a new edition of the old mistake about the family of the cele- 
brated Henry Josselyn, of Black Point ; and, therefore, I beg room in 
the Register for a correction of the same, and for some genealogical 
and historical notes relative to the first three generations of the Josse- 
lyn family in Massachusetts. 

This ancient surname appears in several different forms in England 
and in this country. Ten variations thereof will be found in English 
works, and almost as many here, particularly in written documents. 
John, the brother of the counsellor, gives it Josselyn in both of his 
books, the "Rarities" and the "Voyages ;" and this might be thought 
to settle the orthography, so far at least as he and his brother are con- 
cerned. In Massachusetts, the name was oftenest written Joslin ; but 
many persons, at this time, seem to prefer the other spelling, as used 
by John, the traveller ; and to the latter my own choice inclines. 

The age and standing of Henry Josselyn, Esq., of Black Point, fur- 
nish presumptive evidence that he was not the father of Henry Josselyn 
of Scituate, in the absence of authentic proof to the contrary ; and doc- 
uments in our public offices, show the latter to have been the son of 
Abraham Josselyn of Hingham and Lancaster, who was the son of 
Thomas Josselyn of the same places. 

The Hon. James Savage, in his " Gleanings," (Mass. Hist. Coll., 3d 
Ser., VIII., 256,) brought over Thomas Josselyn, a husbandman, 
aged 43, Rebecca, his wife, of the same age, their children, Rebecca, 
aged 18, Dorothy, 11, Nathaniel, 8, Eliza, 6, Mary, one year old, and 
Eliza Ward, their maidservant, in the Increase, of London, Robert Lea, 
Master ; in which vessel they embarked for New England, April 17, 
1635. The name of Abraham, the oldest son, does not appear among 
the passengers in the Increase ; but he found or joined the family in 
Hingham, soon after their arrival in this country. 

According to Solomon Lincoln, Esq., the author of a History of Hing- 
ham, (pp. 45 and 49,) Thomas Joshlin (Josselyn) was among the in- 
habitants and proprietors of Hingham in 1637 ; and he, with Nathan- 
iel, his son, as Joseph Willard, Esq. informs us, (Worcester Mag., II., 
280,) subscribed to the town covenant in Lancaster, 12. 9. 1654. 
Thomas Josselyn died at Lancaster on the 3d of the 11th month, 1660 
-1. (Middlesex Records.) At a county court held at Cambridge, 
April 2, 1661, Thomas Joycelin's will and an inventory were exhibited, 
and were sworn to before Maj. Simon Willard. Neither the will nor 
the inventory are on record. His widow, Rebecca, was the executrix, 
as appears by her deeds, in 1664, to James Butler, to her son Nathan- 
iel Joslin, and to her son-in-law, Roger Sumner. She was married, on 
the 16th of the 3d month, 1664, to William Kerley, (not Henry, as 

L848.] Notes on tin- Jbssi lyn Family, of Massachusetts. 

Dr. Parmer has it); and, soon after this marriage, she granted some 
of the lands of her former husband, Thomas Jocelin, to her son Na- 
thaniel, &c. Her daughter, Elizabeth Joslin, was perhaps the person 
of this name whose marriage to Edward Seomans, on the 21st of the 
4th month, 1652, by Richard Bellingham, Esq., is given in Boston 

Am: mi am Josselyn, the son of Thomas, had an assignment of land 
in Hingham in IG 17, where he had children baptized in L649 and 1650. 
(Private Record.) In the summer of l t » , i ,) . the birth of his son Na- 
thaniel was recorded b Boston, and perhaps he was then living there 
or at Hull. He removed to Lancaster before 1663 : and there he d I 
before the 0th of duly, 1670, when " William Kerly of Marlborough, 
husbandman, by the conseni and approbation of Mrs. Beatris Joscelin, 

the late dee' 1 Abrfun JocelineS Widow, Sold to Abrfun Jocelitt, eldest 

sonnc of the s d Mrs. Jocelin, y, '» acres of land in Lancaster." ( Mid- 
dlesex Deed,, iv. :; I.) On the 2d of April, L672, "Abram Jocelin, 
of Lanchaster, was admitted administrator to his father's estate, and 

inting an inventory attested the same <>n oath." (Middlesex I 
Court Records, III. 21.) The probate records do not contain the in- 
ventory, or any account of the settlement <>{' this estate. 

The name of Abraham Josselyn's wile was Beatrice, variously writ- 
ten Beatris, Beatrix, and Betteris, the last in B . B cords, and in 
the following extract from Middlesex Deeds, (111. L5,) which decides 
the first Abraham's paternity and occupation: " Ahram Joslin, of Lan- 
caster, mariner, and wife Betteri8," sold on the 29th of May, L663, to 
Henry Kemhle, of Boston, blacksmith, certain lands in Lancaster, 
"formerly granted to his I Abraham's) father. Thomas Joslin, dee 1 /' 
On the 16th of the 'dth month, 1671, Mr-. Beatrice Josselyn was mar- 
ned, at Lancaster, to Benjamin Bos worth, and removed to Hull. In 
1682, they sold their property at Hull, and removed to Stow, where 
they lived several years. By sundry deeds and by papers on tile rela- 
tive to the settlement of the estate of Thomas Harris, ir appears that 
Sergeant Benjamin Bosworth and Beatrice his wife made over their 
farm at Stow, their town rights, and their lands in Marlborough, to 
Thomas Harris and wife Rebecca, of Boston, whither they then re- 
moved, and with whose family they passed the remainder of their days. 
Both of them survived Thomas Harris several years, and remained with 
his widow Rebecca, after her marriage to Edward Stevens. Sergeant 
Bosworth died in November, 1700. Judge Sewall visited Mrs. Beat- 
rice Bosworth during her last sickness, on the 17th of December, 1711, 
she being then 88 years old. In his journal, he recorded her burial 
on the 11th of January, 1711-12, and added that " her first husband's 
name was Joslin, by whom she had her daughter Stephens." 

The children of Abraham and Beatrice Josselyn were, Abraham, bap- 
tized at Hingham, April 8, 1649, Philip, baptized there Dec. 15, 1650, 
Nathaniel, whose birth is recorded at Boston, July 4, 1660, Joseph, 
born at Lancaster, 26. 5. 1663, and Mary, born 14. 10. 1666; also 
Henry and Rebecca, of whose birth no record has yet been found. I 
have reason to think that Thomas Josselyn, of Abington, was also their 

308 Notes on the Josselyn Family ', of Massachusetts. [July, 

son. An opportunity to examine the town and church records of Hing- 
ham has not been obtained. They may supply some of the names and 
dates that are wanting in this sketch. Of Philip and Mary nothing is 
known to me. Rebecca Josselyn, from whom descended the writer of 
these notes, was married, first, to John Crowkham of Boston, who died 
in December, 1678. She was married, secondly, in 1679, to Thomas 
Harris of Boston, and thirdly, on the 8th of October, 1780, to Edward 
Stevens of Boston. She died in March, 1712-13, without issue by 
her first and last marriages. 

Nathaniel Josselyn, Sen., of Lancaster and Marlborough, second 
son of Thomas and Rebecca, was born in England about 1627, came 
with his parents to this country in the spring of 1635, settled at Lan- 
caster in 1654, and was made freeman in 1673. After the destruc- 
tion of Lancaster he lived at Marlborough, and there he died, April 8, 
1691. In his will, made March 3, of the same year, he named his 
wife Sarah, sons Nathaniel and Peter, and five daughters, Sarah, Dor- 
othy, Rebecca, Elizabeth, and Martha ; his father (in-law) King, and 
brothers (in-law) Kerly and Sumner. He bequeathed land both in 
Marlborough and Lancaster. His wife was Sarah, a daughter of 
Thomas King of Marlborough. She died July 2, 1706. Their chil- 
dren, who were born at Lancaster, were Elizabeth, born June 7, 1657, 
and died 16. 5. 1657, Nathaniel, born 21. 4. 1658, and died June 8, 
1667, Sarah, born 15. 5. 1660, Dorothy, 4. 1. 1662, Peter, 22. 12. 
1665, and Rebecca, 14. 3. 1672. Besides these, they had, as will be 
seen above, another son Nathaniel, who survived his father, another 
daughter Elizabeth, and a daughter Martha. 

Abraham Josselyn, of Lancaster, the oldest son of Abraham and 
Beatrice, was married at Lancaster to his wife Ann, on the 29th of the 
9th month, 1672. Her maiden name is unknown. They had a daugh- 
ter Beatrix or Beatrice, born on the 9th of the 3d month, 1674. This 
family came to a tragical end, as is related by Mrs. Rowlandson, (Nar- 
rative) the Rev. Timothy Harrington, (Century Sermon at Lancaster) 
and Joseph Willard, Esq., (Worcester Mag.); but, hitherto, the son 
has not been duly distinguished from his father of the same name. 

Early in the morning of the 10th of February, 1675-6, Lancaster 
was surprised by a large number of Indians, who made their attack in 
five distinct bodies and as many places, burning the houses in their 
way, and destroying the people found therein. Some of the inhab- 
itants, to the number of forty-two, being mostly women and children, 
among whom were Abraham Josselyn and his family, took shelter in 
the fortified house of the Rev. Joseph Rowlandson. This they defend- 
ed upwards of two hours, during which time several of them were killed 
by the bullets which were showered upon it. At length the house was 
set on fire, and the people within were reduced to the sad necessity of 
either perishing in the flames or resigning themselves to the savages. 
In their attempts to escape, all the men, save one, were slain ; many 
of the women and children perished on the spot ; and the rest, about 
twenty in number, were seized by the Indians and carried into captivi- 
ty. Thus perished Abraham Josselyn, as we are assured by Mr. Har- 

I s is.] Notes "a the Josselyn Family, of Massachusstts, 

rington. Mrs. Elowlandson, who was one of the captives, met Mrs. 
Josselyn, about the 23d of February, In the bands of the Indians, at a 
place called Wenimesset, now Nem Braintree She found her in gi 
distress, being very near confinement, and having in her arms her little 
daughter, ( Beatrice) then nearly two years old. In the course of ber 
captivity, Mrs. Elowlandson beard thai this unfortunate woman and her 
child were stript by the Indians, knocked upon the head, and cast into 

a lire, where they miserably perished. Some captive children, who 
were present, declared t<> Mrs. Elowlandson, that Mrs. Joslin Bhed oot 
a tear, hut continued in prayer till death put an end to her BufFeri] 
In Middlesex County Court Records, (111. 181 and 186, I under date 
of June 19, 1677, there is this entry: k - Henry Jocelin, appearing in 
Court, is granted administration on the estate <>i' his brother Abram 
Jocelin, deceas id, lal • of Lancaster," ami •• with Edward Lilly of B - 
ton, cooper, gave bonds, 17. 5. 1»>77."' 

Hk.nkv Josselyn, of Scituate, blacksmith, the second son of Abra- 
ham and Beatrice, was in Scituate as early a- I >6 '. rding to the 
i; . Samuel Deane (Hist. Scituate. 299.) That he was the brother 
of Abraham, dr., and consequently the Bon "f Abraham, Sen.. U proved 
both hy tic Court Records already quoted, and hy his deed I i Thoi 
Harris, dated Nov. 1, 1695, the substance of which is in these words: 
" Henry Joslyn, of Scituate, blacksmith, and wife Abigail, sold. &c. to 

Thomas Harris, of Boston, ll 11 t* land in Lancaster, which said 

land (Fell to the said Henry .Joslyn by the death of his elder brother 
Abraham Joslyn, it being the same land his said brother | jed," 
&c. (Middlesex Deeds, XVI. 102, ) For the following items res] 
ing his family. I am indebted to Mr. Deane's History of Scituate, re- 
jecting therefrom what appears to be erroneous. 

Henry Josselyn married Abigail Btookbridge, daughter of Charles 
and Abigail, in 1676. She was horn at Charlestown, in 1660, and, 
consequently, was only about 16 yean eld at the time of her mare 
to Mr. Josselyn. Their children were, Abigail, horn 1677, Abrcu 
1678, Anna, L680, (died early.) Charles, 1682, Mary, 1684, Na- 
thaniel, 1686, Rebecca, L689, Jab* ?, 1690, Jemima and Jv> uah, L695, 
Henry, 1697, Joseph, 1699, and Thomas, 1702. Abigail was married 
to Benjamin Hanmer, in 1716, Charles and Thomas settled at Pem- 
broke. Nathaniel married Frances Tellings, iii^, 1711, and had chil- 
dren, Mary, born 1712, and Nathaniel, 1722. They had also a daugh- 
ter Frances, who was baptized at the new north meetingdiouse in Bos- 
ton, Feb., 1715 —6, and a son Abraham, baptized there Dec. 8, 1717. 
Jabez was married to Sarah Turner, in 1722, and removed to Pem- 
broke. Henry, Jr., married Hannah, had a daughter, Lydia, bom 
in 1722, and was in Hanover after that town was incorporated. 

Thomas Josselyn, who, in 1686, was living in the easterly part of 
Bridgewater, since incorporated in Abington, was probably the son of 
Abraham and Beatrice Josselyn. Nothing more is known of him to the 
writer than what is contained in the following extract from Hobart's 
History of Abington, p. 28 : " Plymouth Colony Records, July, 1686 : 
Isaac Rowland, of Middleborough, plaintiff, against Thomas Josselyn, 

310 Notes on the Josselyn Family, of Massachusetts. [July, 

within the Constablewrick of Little Comfort, defendant, in an action of 
debt." Little Comfort was a name given to the southerly part of the 
town. At this time Bridgewater was divided into Constablewncks, and 
this part of the town formed one. 

Nathaniel Josselyn, the son of Abraham and Beatrice, may have 
been the person of this name who had a wife Mary, and a daughter 
Dorothy, the latter born at Marlborough, April 23, 1685. (Middlesex 


Joseph Josselyn, of Bridgewater, now Abington, was doubtless the 
son of Abraham and Beatrice, as the names of his children indicate. 
In 1696, according to Mr. Hobart, (Hist. Abington, 29,) land was 
laid out to him joining his own land at his and Porter's saw-mill. He 
died Sept., 1726. His will mentions his sons Joseph, Ebenezer, and 
Abraham, daughters Mary Bates, Sarah Porter, Hannah, wA Beat- 
rice, and his second wife Sarah, the daughter of Andrew Ford. (Hist. 
Abington, 29.) According to Judge Mitchell, (Hist. Bridgewater, 
206,) he was married to Sarah Ford, in 1702 ; their daughter, Sa- 
rah/was born in 1703, their son, Ebenezer, in 1709, and their son 
Abraham, in 1716. The widow Sarah died in 1734. Of Joseph, the 
eldest son, probably, nothing certain is known. He was absent when 
his father made his will, the legacies and bequestt in which were on 
condition of his return. Ebenezer, the son of Joseph and Sarah, was 
married to Esther Hearsey, in 1733, and left issue. Abraham, the son 
of Joseph and Sarah, married Rebecca Tirrell, in 1741, and had issue. 
Nathaniel Josselyn, Jr., of Marlborough, husbandman, the son ot 
Nathaniel, Sen., and Sarah (King,) married Hesther or Esther Moss, 
(Morse?) 8. 12. 1684[-5.] His wife died Aug. 2(, 1725, aged 61. 
He died March 5, 1726[-7.] In a deed, dated Dec. 27, 1709, he 
gave to his son-in-law, James Newton of Marlborough, certain lands 
granted by the town to Thomas King (his grandfather.) (Middlesex 
Deeds XIX 318.) His children were, Esther, born at Marlborough, 
May 20, 1683, and married, 17. 12. 1707, to Samuel Lamb; Mary, 
born April 14, 1685, and married, 5. 8. 1709, to James Newton ; Fa- 
tience, born Feb. 27, 1686-7, and died March 30, 1687 ; Martha, 
who died May 6, 1718, aged 23, and perhaps other children. 

Of Peter Josselyn, the son of Nathaniel, Sen., and Sarah, 1 nave 
obtained only a few disjointed items of information. He seems to have 
lived at Lancaster. « On the 18th of July, 1692, the Indians assault- 
ed his house while he was working in the field, and he knew nothing 
thereof, until, entering the house, he found his wife and three children, 
with a widow Whitcomb, who lived in his family, barbarously butchered 
with their hatchets, and weltering in their blood. His wife's sister, witto 
another of his children, were carried into captivity ; she returned, but 
that child was murdered in the wilderness." (Whitney's Worcester 
County, 40.) By sundry deeds, it appears that a Captain Peter Jos- 
selyn, or Peter, Sen., was living in Lancaster in 1721, (Middlesex 
Deeds, XX. 519, XXII. 53,) at which time he sold some land m Lan- 
caster, formerly belonging to Nathaniel Josselyn (his father); and, in 
March, 1723-4, "Peter Joslin, Sen., and wife Hannah, executed 
another deed." (Middlesex Deeds, XXIII. 275.) 

1848.] Letter of El aa r Wheeloch. 1 I 


[Communicated by Mb. Chablea Di.\m; of Boston.] 

Lebanon Augt 1 st 1 766. 

Col Phelps of Hebron, lasl Evening, informed me, that some time .i 
among other Expressions of your lt< >< »« I & ( !haritable 1 )isposition towards this 
Indian Charity School, under my can-, be In aid yon Bay, that Mr Jackson* 
our Agenl had, deposited in bis Elands, and to be disposed of by his Direc- 
tion, a Collection of considerable value (if he remembered right of £200 pr. 
An ) for the christianizing the Heathen of this Land; and that you was 
Sorry, that, ilno' Inadvertency, you had not reccommended this School, as 
a proper Recipient ; and the more Sorry because he expressed a desire to 
gratify his constituents of this Coloney, rather than another with which he 

had no connection. The Col further said that after all your Burning and 

Hangingf you retained pood will enough towards me, my School, and the 
general Design, to do anything in your Power to encourage it ; and partic- 
ularly to u^r your Inthience with Mr Jackson to obtain that money for it. 
I Suppose Sir, I need not inform You thai the School] yet continue-, and 

is flourishing under the Smile- of Heaven and that four Missionaries, and 

Seven School Masters, are at present employed in the Indian Country, and 
they, as well as the School, Supported only by the charitable Donations 
which have been put into my Hand- for that Purpose, and without any 
Settled Fund. 

And a wider Door than ever is opened, and -eein- -till to he opening for 

the Progress of the grand Design in view. 

Upon these [ncouragements I venture to requesl your Friendship in this 
Affair, to write Mr .lack-on, and any others you shall think proper, 

friendly & favourable towards me and the Design a- Yon Shall think just 

And if you please lei it be as speedily as may be, that it may reach him, 

before the Kev' 1 Mr Whitaker leaves London. And please Sir, to tran-mitt 
what you shall write on that head, to me unsealed, or by a coppv, that I 
may better know how to conduct myself. And in Return for the Favour. I 
shall be ready to serve you in anything within my Power, when an Oppor- 
tunity shall present, mean While. I am, With sincere Respect, 

Sir Your Very Hum 1, Serv 1 

Eleazeb Wheeloi k 

* The agent of the colony at that time in England. 

t Ingefsol, to whom this letter is addressed, was appointed distributor of stamps in Con- 
necticut, under the stamp act. He was hung in effigy, besides receiving other indignities, 
and compelled to resign the office. Peters [Hist, of Conn.) gives an amusing account of 
this whole affair. He was agent of the colony in England in I 7 ."> 7 . hut from hi- connection 
witli the office alluded to above, he lost his popularity. He died in 1781. See Pi 
Connecticut, and Allen's Biog Die. 

I The first Indian youth educated by Dr. Whceloek. was Samson Occam, who became 
a eclehrated preacher. In 1766, he accompanied Kev. Nathaniel Whittaker of Norwich, 
to England, to solicit subscriptions for the school. In 1762. Dr. W. had more than twenty 
youth under his care. For the support of this Indian school, funds were procured from 
various sources. The legislatures of Connecticut and Massachusetts contributed, and sums 
were raised by subscription from different individuals, and from the commissioners of the 
" Scotch Society for the propagation of Christian knowledge. "' lie also received a dona- 
tion from a farmer, Joshua Moor, of a house and two acres of land near to his own house 
in Lebanon, to further the objects of the school. From this circumstance it took the name 
of the donor, and was called " Moor's Charity School." As the school flourished it be- 
came necessary to enlarge his plans, and he looked about him for a wider field for his op- 
erations. A number of places were offered on which to locate his school, but finallv he 
removed to Hanover, N. H., in 1770, as large offers in land had been made him in that 

312 Epitaphs. [July, 

P. S. Sir, If in addition to the Favour before requested, you should de- 
sire Mr Jackson to use his Influence with the Earl of Dartmouth, (who is 
friendly to me and the Design.) that he would procure a large Tract of Land 
in the Province of New York or elsewhere, not appropriated, for the Bene- 
fit of this School, it may be effectual, and secure you the Blessing of many 
of the perishing creatures who may reap the Benefit of it in Generations to 
come, as well as be a great additional Obligation upon, 

Yours, ut ante, 

Eleaz r Wheelock.* 

Jared Ingersol Esq r 


" Here lyes y c body of Experience Weeks daughter to Mr. Joseph & 
Mrs. Sarah Weeks died April 14, 1730 in y e 33 year of her age." 

" Here lyes buried y e body of Mrs. Sarah Weeks wife to Mr. Joseph 
Weeks. She died Feb. 12. 173 J, aged 74 years. 

. " Here lyes y e body of Hannah Weeks daug tr to Mr. Joseph & Mrs Sa- 
rah Weeks. She died June the 9 th , 1740 in y e 46 year of her age." 

state. Dr. Wheelock also obtained a charter for a college to be connected with the 
school, (not to supersede it,) in order to facilitate his plans. He found it necessary to 
combine the education of English youth with the Indians, in order that a more favorable 
influence should be exerted upon the latter. The Earl of Dartmouth was a patron of 
Moor's school, but, Allen {Biog. Die.) says, not of the college, to the establishment of 
which he was opposed; and that the latter should have been called by some other name 
than Dartmouth. It is a mistake to suppose that Moor's school was merged into the col- 
lege. The former subsequently became incorporated, and they both now exist in one sense 
as separate institutions. The ardent hopes which Wheelock cherished of the education and 
christianization of the Indian youth, were not realized. Many of them returned to their old 
habits. The original purpose for which this school was established, so far as relates to the 
education of Indian youth, is not wholly abandoned. There are at present at the school, 
some Indian recipients of this charity. 

Since the above was written, we have received a letter from Dr. Lord, the President of 
Dartmouth College, in reply to some inquiries addressed to him respecting the present 
condition of Moor's Charity School, &c. We subjoin a large portion of it. 

" Moor's Charity School was originally set up at Lebanon, Connecticut, for the education of Indians. 
It was transferred to Hanover, still having the same design. Funds were obtained in England and Scot- 
land in its behalf. But the wants of the new country determined its patrons, upon its change of place, 
to enlarge it, and open it as a college. The donors in England and Scotland in general favored the mod- 
ified arrangement. * * * * The English funds were used for the general purposes of the college. 
The Scotch funds were put into the custody of the Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge, at Ed- 
inburgh, for Indians alone. From the proceeds of those funds, which have been well managed, about 
four Indians can be supported in a course of education at the school and college, the school having been 
incorporated as a distinct institution, and made> tributary to the college. 

The school is always educating Indian boys, by its proper Preceptor, who is under the direction of the 
President of the college ; the President of the college, for the time, being the President and corporator of 
the school. f 

I have now at the school two Indians, one a Choctaw, the other an Oneida. From two to four have 
been constantly in my care for twenty years. If, at any time, a beneficiary is found worthy of a higher 
education than he could receive at the school, he is put upon the college course. A few such instances! 
have occurred during my administration." 

* Dr. Wheelock was a descendant of Ralph W-, who came to this country in 1637, audi 
settled in Dedham, after which he removed to Mcdlield. lie was born in Windham, Conn J 
1711, and died 1779. See Allen's Biog. Die, and Belknap's New Hampshire. For thel 
early history of this school, see Wheelock's various tracts. His purpose was, to ediuateT 
Indian youth and send them out among their brethren as missionaries. He saw the man]! 
objections to English missionaries, and sought to render the work more sure of success ut 
this way. If there were an assurance that the Indian missionary would be true, it v/m 
perhaps his wisest course. But he found " that of forty Indian youth that had been undci 
his care twenty returned to the vices of savage life " The efforts of Elliot, Mayhcw, SarJ 
geant, Brainard, and Wheelock among the Indians, though in a manner fruitless, will evej 
be remembered. 

184.S.] "je-Coach and "Railway Statistics. 313 


It may not be generally known that the person who projected and estab- 
lished Btage-coachea in America, and he who projected and established rail- 
coachea in England, are of tin: game name; but such lias been ascertained 
to be the fact. 

Lei i Pease, who removed from Somers, ( 't., to Shrewsbury, Mass., about 
1794, as may be known by reference to the history of Shrewsbury, estab- 
lished the line of stages. It extended from Somen to Boston. It was 
commenced and prosecuted under great disadvantages ; but the indomi- 
table energy of the enterprising projector and proprietor enabled him to 
succeed. His interest in the matter prompted him to petition the legisla- 
ture of Massachusetts for a turnpike road, which was granted ; and was the 

first charter of the kind that was granted in that State. 

His friends, deeming the Bcheme somewhat visionary, endeavoured to 
dissuade him from it ; but his conceptions of the public wants rend< 
their opposition unavailing. The fact of his having made several trips 
without a single passenger was used as an argument against his undertak- 
ing. But the argument was fully met, as was Bhown by the result, by bis 
expressed conviction thai as soon as it should be known that the conveyance 
could be depended on, it would be patronized. Be died dan. 28, I824j 
aged 8 1. 

By a Manchester (England) paper, (copied from the Durham Chroni- 
cle,) which was sent to the writer by an acquaintance in Darlington, it ap- 
pears that Edward Pease, a citizen of Darlington, and a member of the 
Society of Friends, is entitled to the credit and honor of designing, intro- 
ducing, and establishing, in despite of the most formidable difficulties, the 
railway system, which has excited the wonder and the imitation of the 
whole world. 

Although not noticed by any public demonstration, the Stockton and 
Darlington railway attained its majority, and was opened to the public, 
on the 27th of September, 1825. The line originally projected was to em- 
brace twenty-three miles; and how great a work, and how experimental it 
was deemed, is truly inferred by the corporate Beal of the company, " Peri- 
culuni privatum, utilitas publico," I>ut for the means and judgment of 
its first promoters it would, in all probability, never have been executed; 
for £100 was then subscribed much more slowly than £1000 or i'l<U)00 
now, when the importance and safety of such undertakings have been proved 
to the world. This railway has been conducted in a great measure by 
members of the Society of Friends ; and with them have sat at the board, 
for several years, members of the Church of England, Roman Catholics, 
Independents, &c. ; yet it is said that they never divided upon a question 
but once. The board has long desisted from publishing accounts. "We are 
therefore unable to give any statistics, but have our approximate notions of 
the progress of this railway, which has set the example to the world. The 
twenty-three miles have become eighty. It was expected to convey 80,000 
tons of coals to Darlington and other towns, per annum, and a contingent of 
10,000 tons for export at Stockton. The 80,000 have been more than 
doubled, while the 10,000, we are told, has reached nearly 1,000,000. 
Goods were little thought of — coaches not at all; but goods are said to 
be over 100,000 tons per annum, and passengers about 400,000 per annum. 
The first railway coach was drawn by steam at Darlington, on the 26th Sep- 



First Settlers of Barnstable. 


tember, 1824. It was called "The Experiment;" it was in shape like an 
omnibus ; and it is believed, that, with one exception, all who rode in it on 
that day, are yet living. It appears that by the subscription of Mr. Pease, 
his perseverance, &c, who, for a limited period, when the company's credit 
with their bankers failed, bore the whole weight of its pecuniary expenditure 
on his shoulders, aided by a few individuals, was this pioneer railway com- 
pleted ; and there is one remarkable fact attending it from its commence- 
ment in Parliament to its completion, that no director ever received one 
shilling for his services till the shareholders had received five per cent, or 

A year or two since, Mr. Pease was living at Darlington, aged 80 years 
or upwards, and in good health and mental vigor. 

This Edward Pease is a relative of John Pease, a celebrated preacher, 
and of Joseph Pease, who was for some time member of Parliament, and of 
Elizabeth Pease, who is known as something of a philanthropist. They are 
all Friends and all residents of Darlington. 

Fred. S. Pease. 

Albany, May 1, 1848. 




(Continued from p 

. 198.) 

Inhabitants admitted after 1660 and before 1700. 

Samuel Allen 

Shobal Claghorn 

Nicholas Davis 

" Allin 

Robert " 

Josiah " 

John Allyn 

Eleazer Clap 

Benjamin " 

Thomas " 

Increase " 

Jabez " 

Samuel Annable 

James Cob 

Thomas Dexter 

u a 

Jonathan " 

William " 

li it 

Eleazer " 

Philip « • 

" Bacon 

Henry " 

Stephen " 

Jeremiah " 

Samuel " 

Thomas Dimock 

Nathaniel " 

'James Cobb 

Shobal " 

John '< 

Edward Coleman 

John " 

Samuel Baker 

John Crocker 

" Dunham 

it a 

a u 

Samuel Fuller, Jr. 

John Barker 

Joseph " 

Samuel, son of Lieut 

Joseph Berse 

it a 


James Bearse 

Josiah " 

John Fuller 

Peter Blossom , 

Eleazer " 

John Fuller, Jr. 

Thomas " 

Job " 

Thomas " 

Joseph Blish 

Jonathan " 

Matthew " 


u a 

a a 

Samuel Bryant 

Thomas " 

Jabez " 

Thomas Bumpas 

Samuel " 

Joseph " 

John Bursley 

Dolar Davis 

Nathaniel Fittsrandle 

James Cahoon 

John " 

John Glover 

John Chipman 

" " Jr. 

Nathaniel Goodspeed 

Isaac Chapman 

Joseph son of Robert John 

Richard Child 


Ebenezer " 

James Claghorn 

Robert Davis 

Benjamin " 


First Settlers of Barnstable. 


James Gorum 

John " 

Shobal Gorham 

John « 

James Hamblen, Jr. 
John " 

Eleazer " 

Bartholomew '• 


Lsrael " 

Eleazer tt 

Samuel Hinckley, Jr. 

Barnabas Lathrop, Jr. Bernard Lombaii 
Hope Allen Nichols 

John, bod of Barnabas Allyn rt 

Joseph Lothrop 
John Lewis 




Thomas " Jr. 
John [ssum 
Thomas Jenkins 


Ralph Jones 
Matthew u 
J< dediah " 
Samuel u 
Melatiah Lathrop 
Samuel " 

Barnabas " 


' ■ »rge 
Ebenezer u 
Benjamin M 
David Linnel 

Jonathan Lvnnel 
David Lorins 
James Lovell 
Bernard Lombaii 

Jedediah Lombard 


Thomas Lumbart 

" Lumbard 


John Otis 

Samuel Parker 



James Pain 

Elisha Paine 

John Phinney, Jr. 

Thomas M 

Ebenezer •• 

Moses Rowley 
Jonathan Russell 
.Mark Ridley 
William Seirgeanl 

eph Smith 
Samuel Stores 

John Thompson 
E d ward Tayler 

Lumbart, Senr. Henry 
Jabez Lumbart William Troop 

Caleb rt Thomas Walley, Senr. 

Benjamin " 

At a Town Meeting the 3 d of October, 1662, Ordered & agreed by the 
town, that the Sons of all the present inhabitants shall Buccesively be received 

inhabitants, & allowed equal town privileges in the Commons, *.V: such other 
privileges as belong to the present inhabitants as a Town-hip at the day of 
their Marriages or at the age of twenty four years, which -hall happen first. 

Thomas Allen m . Elizabeth Otis, 9 Oct., 1688; children, James, b. 1 
July, 1G91; Thomas, 11 Dee.. 1693; Hannah, 13 June, 1696. Thomas, 
the father, d. 25 Nov., L696, ». 32. 

Samuel Allen (son of Thomas, who d. Nov. 1696) m. Hannah Walley, 
10 May, 1GG4, d. 25 Nov., 1726; his wife (Hannah) d. 23 Oct, 1711. 
Children, Thomas, b. 22 March, 1665; Samuel, 19 Jan., 1GG6; Joseph, 
7 April, 1G71 ; Hannah, 4 March, 1G72 ; Elizabeth, 2G Nov., 1681, d. 23 
Dec., 1698. 

Samuel Allen m. Sarah Tayler, 20 Dec, 1705, d. 21 Dec, 1706, a\ 
39 ; child, Samuel, 26 Nov., 1706. 

John Allyn m. Mary Howland ; children, John, 3 April, 1674; Mary, 
5 Aug., 1675, d. 7 July, 1677; Matthew, 6 Aug., 1677, d. Oct. 1680; 
Isaac, 8 Nov., 1679. 

Ebenezer Allen m. Mrs. Rebecca Russell, 14 April, 1698. 

Samuel Annable m. Mehitable Allyn, 1 June, 1667 ; children, Sam- 
uel, b. 14 July, 1669 ; Hannah, 16 March, 1672, d. Aug., 1672 ; John, 19 
July, 1673 ; Anna, 4 March, 1675. 

316 The Kilburn Meeting. [Juty? 

Samuel Annable* m. Patience Dogged, 11 April, 1695 ; children, De- 
sire, 3 Jan., 1696; Anna, 27 Sept., 1697; Jane, 24 Dec, 1699; Samuel, 
14 Jan., 1701-2 ; a child stillb. 12 Jan., 1704; Patience, 15 May, 1705 ; 
Thomas, 21 June, 1708. 

John Annable m. Experience Tayler, 16 June, 1692; children, Sam- 
nel, 3 Sept., 1693 ; Mehitable, 26 Sept., 1695 ; John, April, 1697, d. May, 
1697 ; John, 3 May, 1698 ; Mary, Dec, 1701 ; Cornelius, 3 Nov., 1704; 
Abigail, 30 April, 1710. 

Joseph Be arse m. Martha Tayler, 3 Dec, 1675 ; children, Mary, 16 
Aug., 1677 ; Joseph, 21 Feb., 1679 ; Benjamin, 21 June, 1682 ; Priscilla, 
31 Dec, 1683, d. 31 March, 1684; Ebenezer, 20 Jan., 1685 ; John, 8 May, 
1687; Josiah, 10 March, 1690; James, 3 Oct., 1692. [Martha, wife of 
Joseph Bearse, d. 27 Jan , 1727-8, ae. 77. Bearse, Berse, Burs and Burse 
are the various spellings on the records.] 

Benjamin Bearse m. Sarah Cob, 4 Feb., 1701-2; children, Martha, 
9 Nov., 1702 ; Augustin, 3 June, 1704; Elizabeth, 3 May, 1707; Joseph, 
30 Oct., 1708; Benjamin, 26 March, 1710; Jesse, 22 Oct., 1712; Pris- 
cilla, 5 June, 1713 ; David, 27 March, 1716 ;■ Peter, 25 Oct., 1718 ; Sam- 
uel, 9 Dec, 1720 ; Sarah, 5 July, 1722 ; Thankful, 4 Feb., 1724. 

John Berse m. Elinor Lewis, 15 Nov., 1711 ; child, Lydia, 28 July, 1712. 

Ebenezer Berse m. Elizabeth Cob, 25 Nov., 1708 ; children, Bethiah, 
6 Aug., 1709 ; Samuel, 26 Feb., 1711. Wife Elizabeth, d. 15 July, 1711. 
By a second wife, the children were, Elizabeth, 22 March, 1714; Abigail, 
22 Nov., 1715; Ebenezer, 1 March, 1717; Daniel, 17 July, 1720; Ste- 
phen, 1 Oct., 1721 ; Rebecca, 3 June, 1725. 

Nathaniel Bacon m. Sarah Hinckley, 27 March, 1673, d. Dec, 1691. 
She d. 16 Feb., 1686-7. Children, Nathaniel, b. 9 Sept., 1674; Mary, 9 
Oct., 1677 ; Elizabeth, 11 April, 1680 ; Samuel, 20 Jan., 1682. 

(To be continued.) 


[Communicated for the Journal.] 

At a primary meeting of several members of the Kilbourn Family of the 
United States, holden at the Astor House, in the city of New York, Satur- 
day, the 15th of April, 1848, (being the two hundred and thirteenth anni- 
versary of the embarkation of the ancestors of said family from London for 
New England,) J. SAGE KILBOURNE, M. D., of New York, was 
called to the chair, and Payne Ken yon Kilbourn, of Litchfield, Connec- 
ticut, was appointed Secretary. 

The objects of the meeting were briefly stated by the Secretary. 

Several interesting communications from and relative to the Kilbourns in 
Great Britain, were read by Lieut. Charles L. Kilburn, U. S. A. 

After an hour or two spent in a free and social interchange of sentiments 
and feelings, it was, on motion of the Rev. James Kilbourn, of Bridge- 
water, Conn., 

Resolved, That, regarding the Kilbourns of this continent as the mem- 
bers of one common, though long scattered, family, it is expedient to form a 
Society for their re-union, by the collection and preservation of such facts 

* This name is spelt Annable and Anablc. 

LS48.] The KHfam Meeting. 317 

and data as shall serve to make them better acquainted with each other, and 

Occasionally to draw them together into familiar family mcctii.. 

On motion it was 

Resolved, That the Kilbourns of Great Britain b<- cordially and earnest- 
ly invited to cooperate with as in our undertaking, by collecting and trans- 
mitting to us such facts as they may be able to obtain concerning the family 
of our fatherland, both before and since the embarkation of our ancestors for 

A Committee appointed for the purpose reported the form of a ( onstitu- 
tion for a u Kilbourn Historical and Genealogical Society," which was 
unanimously adopted. 

The following officers of the Society were then chosen : — 

President, Hon. JAMES KILBOURNE, of Worthington, Ohio. 
Vice Presidents) Hon. Byron Kilbourn, of Milwaukee, W. T.; CoL Al- 
exander Kilborn, Stansted, ( Sanada ; James Kilburn, Esq., Princeton, Mass. ; 
Hon. Ira K'ilburn, Lawrenceville, l'a.; .Main- Edw. Kilbourne, For! .Mad- 
ison, Iowa; [saac Kilburn, Esq., Kingsclear, New Brunswick; Deacon 
Jeremiah Kilbourn, Groton, Mass.; Hon. John Kilborn, Newboro', Canada; 

Ralph Lee Kilburn, Es<j., Sanoma District, Upper California; Josiah Kil- 

burn, Esq., Lyttleton, Vt.; Lieut. Charles Lawrence Kilburn, l. S. A.: 

Hon. Henry Kilbourn, Hartford, Conn.; Rev. David Kilburn, IJarre, Ma — .; 
Truman Kilbourn, Esq., Litchfield, Conn. ; Dr. Jedediah Sage Kilbourne, 
New York; Col. Timothy Kilbourn, Hudson, Ohio ; lion. Joseph II. Kil- 
born, Sanford, Mich. 

Treasurer, Ogden Kilbourn, Esq., Hartford, Conn. 

Corresponding Secretary t Payne BTenyon Kilbourn, Litchfield, Conn. 

"Recording Secretary. Austin Kilbourn, Esq., Hartford, Conn. 

Central Committee, Rev. dames Kilbourn, Bridgewater, Conn.; P. 
K. Kilbourn, Litchfield, Conn.; Truman C. Kilbourn, Lockport, X. Y. ; 
John Kilbourn, Newville, Pa., and Dr. J, S. Kilbourn, New York city. 

Honorary Vice Presidents,* Greene C. Bronson, LL. I)., Albany, N. Y. ; 
Charles Kilborn Williams, LL, D., Rutland, Yt.; lion. Erastus I). Culver, 
Salem, N. Y. ; William Kilburn, Esq., London, England; Goodwin Kil- 
burn, Esq., Hawkhurst, England; Hon. Norman II Purple. Peoria, 111.; 
Hon George Hull, Sandisfield, Mass.; Lord Kelburne, Kelburne Castle, 
Ayrshire, Scotland. 

Persons bearing the name, may become members of the Society by pay- 
ing one dollar into the Treasury thereof. 

Information illustrative of the history and genealogy of the family, will 
be published from time to time, under the direction and at the expense of 
the Society. 

Family Records, and all other documents relating to the family will be 
entered upon the records of the Society, if transmitted to the Recording 
Secretary free of charge. 

The time of the next meeting of the Society will be announced hereafter 
by the Central Committee. 

* All Honorary Members and Officers must be descended from the Kilbourns through 
female lines, or have married into the family, or, (if bearing the name,) must belong to 
other than the American branches of the family. 

318 God's Promise to Sis Plantation. [July, 


Since writing the notice of this sermon in the last No. of the Register, p. 
151, I have met with the following MS. notes of Prince, the chronologist, 
in his own copy of this discourse now before me. " By several passages in 
the sermon, it seems to be preached in England to a number of people about 
to remove to New England, and considering the history* of his life, and that 
he went to the Isle of Wight in England, in the spring of 1630, to see Gov r 
Winslow, [he means Winthrop] Mr. Wilson and company, and take his 
farewell of them, as they were then bound for New England, it seems high- 
ly likely that he then preached this sermon to them. 

"After I had wrote the above," he continues, " I found in Joshua Scotto- 
way Esq's narrative, that Mr Cotton preached this sermon to Gov r Win- 
throp and company at the Isle of Wight, as they were preparing to sail for 
New England." 

I give below the passages from Scottow referred to. Prince, however, 
should have put Southampton for the Isle of Wight. 

" Some of their choice friends, as the Rev d Mr. Cotton and others, went 
along with them from Boston in Lincolnshire to South-hampton, w T here they 
parted, and he preached his farewell sermon." — Scottoiu's Narrative, p. 13. 

" Not long after this, Mr Cotton's farewell sermon (above mentioned) was 
printed at London, and since re-printed at Boston,! entitled God's Prom- 
ise to his Plantation, wherein he exhorted them to remember England, 
their mother, and that they should not be like those ingrateful birds, who 
when they had swum over a stream or river, forgot the wing that had hatcht 
them.j" — Ibid, p. 20. 

If Scottow§ is to be relied on, and we have no reason to question his au- 
thority, as he was for a long period cotemporary with many of Winthrop's 
company, and dedicates his book, referred to, to Bradstreet, then living, who 
also came over with Winthrop, then the question would seem to be settled 
as to the place where this sermon was preached ; namely, at Southampton. 


* " Here is a gentleman, one Mr. Cottington [Coddington] a Boston Man : who told me 
that Mr. Cotton's charge at Hampton was that they should take advice of them at Plymouth, 
and shotdd do nothing to offend them." 

" By this only passage in Gov Bradford's MS. History, we find that the Rev d and fa- 
mous Mr Cotton went from Boston in Lincolnshire, to take his leave of his departing 
friends at South Hampton." — Prince's Annals, Vol 1. p. 245, Mass. Hist. Col, Vol. 3. p. 75. 

t I have seen but three editions of this sermon, all of which are in the archives of the 
Mass. Historical Society ; namely, two editions printed at London, by William Jones, for 
John Bellamy, 1630, and 1634; and one at Boston, N. E., by Samuef Green, and sold by 
John Usher, 1686. 

I See Hist. Register, p. 1 52. 

§ Scottow's Narrative was printed at Boston, 1694. The title-page is amusing, but too 
long to be given here. The copy I have consulted, is in the library of the Mass. Hist. So- 

1848.] Notices of New Publications. 310 


The Ancient Historical Records ofNorwaHc, ('<mn ; with apian of the 
ancient settlement and of the town in 1847. Compiled by Edwih Hall, 
pastor of the First Congregational Church. L2mo. Nbrwalk: James 
Mallory & Co. is 17. pp.320. 

Seldom have we seen so much true antiquarian zeal as is manifested by a glance at tin- 
pases of the work before us. Many persons, devoted mind and hand to antiquarian pur- 
suits, year after year, lock up their treasures, and only tantalize heir and there a brotl 
the craft, and uever Beem to imagine thai they are doing the community great injustice by 

such a course. Not BO with Dr. Hall ; he. under the true spirit of philanthropy, bas given 

to the world a sort of aggregate of a branch at least of his investigations. And a most 
valuable acquisition it is to the local literature of New England. 

We can only name someof the prominent matters composing Mr. Hall's work. He has 
elucidated the earliest records of that ancient town by great labor. He has given a li>t of 
all the early settlers and their families, bo far as the most diligent research could enable 
him, which must forever he held in the highest estimation, while the posterity of that race 
of men continues. In this department of his work he labored under the usual dilli< d 
as appears from his preface, in which he -,:\ >. The genealogical registers are very imper- 
fect; and if any families are omitted, it i^ because they were not put upon tli*- public rec- 
ords ; and because the compiler, after repeatedly advertising, and after BOme months delay, 
has failed to obtain them." lie thuscloses: — "He therefore trusts that all concerned, 
instead of complaining that no more is given them, will he thankful that bo much is res 
cued from the oblivion to which it was hastening] and will use whatever efforts tiny deem 
proper to secure what is yet left behind." 

Prom the judgment we are enabled to form upon the original localities of the earl;. 

tiers, we do not hesitate to state, that in fixing them, the author has been eminently 


The work is cmhellished with ten views and maps. The "Genealogical Register" occu- 
pies ahout 106 pages of small type. J&nd there is a good index to the book. 

Ilislon/ of the Town of Danvers, from its early settlement to tJir year 
L848. By J. W. Hanson. L2mo. Drovers: Published by the Author. 
Printed at the Courier Office. 1848. i>}>. 304. 

Here we have a very neat duodecimo volume upon "Old Darners; " a town among the 
first settled in New England ; and although noted for nothing very remarkable in its early 
history, it affords incident enough to make up a volume of much interest at the present 
day. It is true, there is the grave of tin- far famed Ku/ \ Wit vkton. hut we cannot agree 
with the author, that this •■ is one of the most interesting localities to he found in the Com- 
monwealth." We certainly should not estimate it higher than among those of third or 
fourth rate localities of interest. This, however, we are ready to acknowledge, is hut a 
matter of opinion, and without any design of being invidious, we are free to confess that 
to us almost any grave has an equal interest to that of FJiza Wharton. 

This work of Mr. Hanson has the appearance of a hurried performance, hut we do not 
mean by this to he understood to depreciate its value; it is truly a valuable acquisition to 
the public stock of local history, and we wish we could say that every town in New Eng- 
land had as good a work upon it. 

We feel very confident that the public will soon call for another edition of the work, and 
that meantime Mr. Hanson will go on in revising the present, and making such correc- 
tions, emendations and additions as will naturally suggest themselves. He should put into 
his title-page the state and county in which Danvers is located, and add a good index. We 
object to the practice of putting the title of the hook (any hook) at the head of every page. 
The title-page is a sufficient announcement of what the hook treats upon. Why not place 
at the head of the page the principal matter treated of in the page ? Printers should know 
better than to print the same line over a thousand times (if the hook happen to contain a 
thousand pages) where there cannot he a shadow of reason in it or use for it. How ab- 
surd it would be to print at the top of every page of the Bihle " Holy Bihlc" ! A child 
would not be to blame for throwing away his school hook with such an everlasting running 
title on every page. These remarks arc for the benefit of hook-makers and printers in 
general, and if they do not profit by tbem it is not our fault. 

320 Notices of New Publications. [July, 

The Family Memorial; a History and Genealogy of the Kilboum 
Family, in the United States and Canada, from the year 1635 to the 
present time, including extracts from ancient records, copies of old ivills, 
Biographical Sketches, Epitaphs, Anecdotes, etc., with an engraving of 
the Kilboum " Coat of Arms ." By Payne Kenyon Kilbourn, member 
of the Connecticut Historical Society. 8vo. Hartford: Brown & Parsons. 
1845. pp. 144. 

Some writer, not now remembered, who, after making a large exordium to a perform- 
ance, warned his reader that he was fearful it might prove deceptive, like the gates of some 
eastern city, which, being judged of by the dimensions of its portals, exceedingly disappoint- 
ed those who entered within. But we can assure our readers, that if the " gate of en- 
trance" to the Memoir before us be large, the " city within" bears ample proportion thereto. 

Although this memoir purports to have been printed in 1845, there are documents in 
the work dated this present year, 1848; hence, probably, contrary to the usual mode of 
printing the title last, that to this memoir was printed first. This, however, is of but small 
moment, only as it serves to explain an apparent delay in noticing the publication. 

We have seen but few family memoirs in which so much research and patient investi- 
gation is manifested, and we wish our space would allow us to do justice to it. In his 
gleanings among ancient documents, Mr. Kilbourn has raked up some of the most curious 
matters ; one of them is as follows : — 

" Jan. 23, 1679. ' Thomas Wickham personally appeared, and produced Jonathan Strick- 
land & Susanna Kircom, who informed him that John Hale had said ' God Dame King 
Chariest The s d persons being examined doth affirme that they heard him say, ' God 
bless King Charles,' and in a fitt when he fell off his Chaire and foamed at his mouth and 
shakt every joynt of him. They thought he said ' God Dame King Charles,' but they durst 
not take oath of it, he spoke so low. John Hale is freed from his imprisonment, the testi- 
mony not appearing legall. ' " 

The family of Kilbourn is very widely spread, and there is much of narrative and anec- 
dote among its members of general interest. In the story of border warfare we meet with 
one of those thrilling accounts of the defence of a garrison at Walpole, N. H., which is not 
surpassed in interest by any that have happened upon the "Dark and Bloody Ground" of 
the west. The name of " Old John Kilbourn" will never die so long as Walpole has 
an inhabitant, or New England has annals. 

Genealogy of the Adam Family. By William Adam, of Canaan, 
Litchfield Co., Conn. 8vo. Albany: Joel Munsell. 1848. pp. 16. 

We find ourself at once within the hall of the Adam mansion, without any introduction 
or preface. And instead of wandering through mazes until we should forget what we were 
looking for, we are brought face to face with 

"John Adam, son of Robert, who was son of John, who was born in Bowfield, Lochwin- 
nock, Renfrewshire, Scotland, May 20th, 1714, O. S. May 6th, 1737, he sailed for Amer- 
ica, landed at Boston June 25th, following. 

He m. Sarah, dau. of Capt. Eliphalet Leonard of Easton, Ms., 16 Nov., 1749, by whom 
he had twelve children. In 1794 he removed to Salisbury, Ct, with his wife and six chil- 
dren, and died there, 17 April, 1802. His wife died 16 Nov., 1815, re. 82. Of the twelve 
children, John, (of Canaan) b. 4 March, 1755, seems to have been the only male descend- 
ant who left posterity. He m. Abigail, dau. of Samuel Forbes, Esq., of Canaan. The 
issue by this marriage was twelve children. Mr. Adam d. in 1836. He left sons, Samuel 
F., John, Leonard, and William, all of whom have descendants. 

To William Adam, last named, we presume the public are indebted for the Memoir 
under notice. This gentleman was b. 17 April, 1799. m. Charlotte Lawrence of Canaan, 
15 Sept., 1824, and has bv her Robert William, b. 28 Sept., 1825; Frances Charlotte, b. 
31 Aug., 1830; Sarah Walker, b. 28 April, 1835. 

The Church Record ; a Sermon yircached in Grafton, \_Ms.~] Sunday, 
Dec. 27, 1846 : containing Historical Notices of the Congregational 
Church in said town. By Edmund B. Willson, Minister of the Con- 
gregational Church and Society. Published by request of the Society. 
8vo. Worcester. 1847. pp. 39. 

This is truly a historical discourse, which will give it a permanent value, both now and 
hereafter. The author must have been at much pains to collect together such a body of 
facts as is contained in his pages. 

I 8 18.] Nbticu of New Publication*. 321 

Hassanamesil was the ancient or Indian name of Grafton, and few localities afford 
fairer scope for the pen of the antiquary than this. Mr. Willson has profited well by it 
and it is his readers' fault if they do not profit even more. Here long resided a clan of 
Christian Indians, the tale of whose wiflferingi in "King Philip's War" i- icareely to he 

exceeded in lamentable interest by any other of any kind. Here the ApOBtle Bliol gath- 
ered a clinrch of Indian members, and here the neophites were allowed to propound ques- 
tions to their teachers and we are told hy venerable Gookin, thai "divers of them had ■ 

faculty to frame hard and difficult questions;" inch, for example, as " Why did not Gk)d 

give all men good hearts that they might be '.rood ' " " Why doth God punish in bell for 

ever '" " If they repent in hell, why will n<»t God let them out again ! " ' Why did not 

God kill the devil who made nil men BO had, he hating all the power V ftc, *C 

Brief Memoirs of the Class of 1797. By Thomas Dai and James 
Murdock. Printed by order of the Class for their own use, and for dis- 
tribution to their friends. *v<>. New Haven: B. L. Hamlen, Printer to 
Yale College. L848. pp. :»7. 

Seldom have we seen a pamphlet "gotup" in a more beautiful style than this; and 
from the nature of the subject it will he apparent that it inihl he one of no common inter- 
est; hut to give even a BVUOpsis of i; within our limit- would be only to bring down the 

charge of injustice upon as. We will therefore give only a catalogue of those whose me- 
moirs are sketched. Josiah Bishop Andrews. David Atwater.' Henry Baldwin.* Lyman 
Beecher, William Benedict,* Joseph Billings, Bare Bradley, Brad Brainerd, Diodate 
Brockway, Bennet Bronson, Rums Burnel,* Elisha chapman,' Asahel Clarke. Syl. 
Dana. Thomas Day, Warren Dutton. Timothy Field, 4 William Lambert Foot, s.iml. Au- 
gustus Foot,* Charles Goodrich, George Grimn, ha Hart.* Homer Iline. Jirah [sham,* 
Ezra Ives.* Bethel Judd, Asa Lyman,* Sylvester Maxwell, dames Murdock, John Nile-.* 
William Page, Horatio Seymour. Theodore Sill,* Richard Smith, Seth Perkins Staples , 

Theodore Strong, Ephraitn Treadwell Woodruff. 

The stars denote deceased members. 

The longevity of the class is thus spoken of: 24 out of 87 being alive after a separation 

of half a century, with ages from 68 to 78 years. 8ixUen were lawyer-. >i\ became Mag- 
nates, four received the degree of LL. 1)., fifteen were ministers, and three had the degree 

of S. T. 1). 

A Discourse delivered in Quincy, March 11, IS IS, at (lie interment of 
John Quincy Adams, sixth President of the United States. By William 
P. Lunt, Minister of the First Congregational Church in Quincy. Svo. 
Boston. 1848. pp. GO. 

There has heen so much published concerning John Quincy Adam-, that it may appear 
superfluous even to state a few facts concerning him in our pages; hut as something of 
the kind may he valuable for reference hereafter, we gather as follows from Mr. Runt's 
discourse, and other sources : — 

The name of John Quinct he received from his maternal great-grandfather of that 
name, from whom the town of Quincy received its appellation : a man of Standing and in- 
fluence in his time. He was dying when his great-grandson was baptized, which was the 
day succeeding his birth; and. as Mr. Adams himself says, 'his daughter, my grand- 
mother, present at my birth, requested that I might receive his name." His mother was the 
daughter of the Rev. William Smith of Weymouth, and her mother was Elizabeth, dan. of 
the lion. John Quincy, before named. Mrs. Adams was the second of the three daughters 
of Mr. Smith. Mary, wife of the Hon. Richard Crunch of Quincy was another, and Eliza- 
beth, wife of the late Rev. John Shaw of Haverhill, aud afterwards of the Rev. Stephen 
Peabody of Atkinson, was the other. 

In 1778, hcing then in his eleventh year, he was taken to France by his father. 

He went again the next year to Europe ; travelled through Spain, France and Holland, 
and became soon after a student in the University of Leyden. 

In 1781, he went to St. Petersburgh as private secretary to the Hon. Francis Dana, and 
returned to Holland in 1783. 

At the age of 18 he returned to America, graduated at H. C. in 1787. It was intended 
by his father to enter him at the college of Oxford, England, but finding he could not do 
so without his subscribing to the Articles of the Church of England, it was of course aban- 

Mr. Adams "read law" with the well known and distinguished Judge Parsons, and 
practised that profession about four years, from 1790 to 1794. 

322 Notices of Neiv Publications. [July? 

In 1794, Washington appointed him "Minister Resident to the Netherlands." " From 
that hour," Mr. Adams says, "with two intervals each of ahout one year, I have been de- 
voted to the public service." He continued in Europe till 1801. In 1803, he became a 
Senator of the United States, which he resigned in 1S08. From 1806 to 1809, he was 
Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory in H. C. In 1809, he was sent Minister to 
Russia'. He was in Paris in 1815, when it was entered by the allied armies; a Commis- 
sioner at Ghent the year before. In 1817, he was called home to fill the first place in the 
cabinet of Mr. Monroe, and in 1825 he was made President of the United States. Other 
events of his life do not require to be noticed, as they are within the memory of us all. 

A Discourse delivered before the Rhode Island Historical Society, on 
the evening of Tuesday, January 18th, 1848, on the character and writ- 
ings of Chief-Justice Durfee. By Rowland G. Hazard, Member of the 
R. I. Historical Society. Published at the request of the Society. 8vo. 
Providence : Charles Burnett, Jr. 1848. pp. 45. 

When useful men die it is an excellent custom to give some account of them. This 
custom, well performed, serves two great and valuable purposes. One, and that of the 
most importance, is the lesson which such production teaches to all those who shall come 
after. It is to be lamented that so few discourses of this kind are published, because the 
more numerous they are, the more certainty there is that they will be read, and if they be 
read, they cannot fail to exert the best influences on the minds of their readers. 

Although Judge Durfee died one year ago, (26th July, 1847,) the discourse upon that 
event has been but recently published, and we take the earliest opportunity to give a brief 
notice of him as a valuable corresponding member of our Society. 

Job Dcrfeb was the son of the Hon. Thomas Durfee, for many years Chief-Justice of 
the Court of Common Pleas for the county of Newport. He was a native of Tiverton, a 
graduate of B. U. 1813, and by profession a lawyer. In 1816, his native town elected him 
a member of the General Assembly, which place he held by semi annual elections, five 
years. In 1820, he was elected to the national legislature, and served with reputation in 
that body through the 17th and 18th Congresses. He was afterwards speaker of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of his native state. In 1829, he declined public service and retired to pri- 
vate life ; devoting his time to literature and agriculture. In 1833, he was again prevailed 
upon to serve the public in a public capacity, and we find him in the legislature of his 
state, and the same year he was chosen an Assistant Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court. 
In 1835, he succeeded to the office of Chief- Justice, to which he was annually elected until 
the end of the old Charter in 1843. When the new Constitution went into operation he 
was chosen to fill the same office, which he held till bis decease. 

Judge Durfee has been known as an author by an historical poem which was printed in 
Providence, in 1832, in duodecimo, and at Leeds, England, 1840. It was entitled " What 
Cheer," the well known first words of salutation by the Indians to the founder of Rhode 
Island, the great and good Roger Williams. This work, whatever judgment may be 
passed upon it in future times as a poem, will always stand as a monument, honorable to 
his memory, for the light it throws on the history of his country. 

Posthumous Influence ; a Sermon, occasioned by the death of lion. 
Samuel Hubbard, LL. D., Associate Justice of the Supreme Judicial 
Court of Massachusetts, preached to the Park Street Congregation, Bos- 
ton, Sabbath morning, January 2, 1848. By Silas Aiken, Pastor of the 
Park Street Church. 8vo. Boston : T. R. Marvin. 1848. pp. 40. 

In the last number of the Register we had the melancholy duty to record, with others, 
the death of the highly respected citizen, the subject of the sermon before us. In the death 
of Judge Hubbard, the New England Historic, Genealogical Society lost a warm friend, 
one who had manifested a strong interest in the success of the institution. 

Dr. Aiken says, both happily and truly, " Beloved man, he is gone ! The upright judge, 
the wise counsellor, the able advocate, the devoted Christian, the affectionate husband, the 
kind father, the steadfast and confiding friend, has left us ; and the places that once knew 
him shall know him no more. We will think him removed to a higher sphere of useful- 
ness and joy. He is indeed gone, but long shall his name be fragrant." 

Judge Hubbard was born in Boston, June, 1785. His parents removed with him to 
Connecticut while be was a youth, lie took his degree at Yale College in 1802, studied 
law in New Haven about two years, and then came to Boston and finished his legal studies 
with Hon. Charles Jackson. He commenced practice in York, Me., but in a few years 
returned to Boston. He was appointed to the Associate-Justiceship in 1842. 

1848.] Notices of New Publications. 323 

The Value of a Man; a Discourse, occasioned by the death of lion. 
Henry Wheaton ; delivered Sunday evening, Mini, i'ii, 1848, in the Fust 
Congregational Church, Providence, 11. I. By Edwin B. IIai.l, Pastor 
of the Church. 8vo. Providence. L848. pp.28. 

No man, great or .small, or high or low, could fall into better hands than those of the 
Rev. Mr. Hall. He, according to our judgment is an excellent judge of "the value of a 
man. ami hence all may expect justice in whatever he undertakes to perform relative to 

The Well chosen text of Mr. Hall is found in Isaiah, xxiii. 12: "] will make a man 
more precious than tine gold ; even a man. than the golden wedge of Ophir." From this 
lie goes on to show the estimation of man by himself and by his fellow man, in which we 
have a clear and philosophic view of man in the ibstracl : hut we should fail were we to 

attempt the slightest analysis of this discourse, and shall confine ourself to a few brief facts 

relative to the occasion of it. 

Hi mm Wheaton was born in Providence, S7 Nov., 1785, entered college here at the 

early age of thirteen, and graduated in 1802, engaged in the study of law, and went soon 
after to Europe. He settled in \ew York in L812, and was editor of the •" National Ad- 
vocate." lie was appointed a Justice of the Marine < Jourl soon after, and in 1815, he pub- 
lished a " Digest of Maritime Law.' a very able work. In 1 81 6, he was appointed K- 
porter of the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. In 1827, Mr. Adam- 
appointed him Charge tTjiffaira to the Court of Denmark, where he continued - 
years, and during which period he found time to compose, besides other works, the " His- 
tory of the Northmen." This, had he done no more, would have gained him an honorable 
distinction among Literary men. His life of Pinckney was an earlier production. In i v ". i 
Genera] Jackson scut him to the Court of Berlin, and there the succeeding President elect- 
ed him to the rank of Minister Plenipotentiary. In 1846, Mr. Polk recalled him. He had 
been appointed Lecturer on Civil and International Law at Harvard University, but death 
prevented his entering upon that duty. He died at Dorchester, Ms., on the 11th of March. 

We had hoped to find some account of the pedigree of Mr. Wheaton. but we have noth- 
ing before us, not even the name of his father! 

The Origin, Progress, and Present Condition of St. Andrew's Chinch. 
Hanover, Ms.; a Sermon delivered in said Church on the 22d Sunday 
after Trinity, Nov. 8, L846. By Samuel Cutler, Rector. 8vo. Bos- 
ton: Abner Forbes. 1848. 

Nothing that we could say in Commendation of this discourse would, in our opinion, be 
equal to what is contained in its opening paragraph ; we therefore feel hound to let it speak 

for itself. 

" It is profitable at times to recur to the history of the past It is right to keep iii re- 
membrance the benefactors of mankind. It is pleasant to recall the persons who have 
preceded us, and who were familiar with the localities and were engaged in enterprises 

similar to those in which we are occupied. The past is a hook of facts. The actions of 
our predecessors have served to exert an influence in forming our characters and directing 
our pursuits.'' 

Thus with such an opening the reader will very naturally and reasonably look for a 
train of facts, connecting the ancestors of early times with their descendants to these times. 
and in such just expectation he will not he disappointed. We have not room to give even 
an abridgment of these facts, hut will throw down a few of the prominent ones. 

As early as 17:2."), Rev. Timothy Cutler, D D., performed Episcopal service in Scituatc. 
He was at that time rector of Christ Church. Boston. Dr. Cutler graduated II. C. 1701. 
In 1719, he was chosen president of Yale College, hut. owing to his going over to the Epis- 
copal faith, he was dismissed in 1722. Soon after, he went to England, was ordained a 
minister of the Church of England, and Oxford conferred on him the degree of D. D. On 
returning to Boston in 1723, Christ Church was built for him, of which he continued rec- 
tor till his death, 17 August, 1705, x 81. 

The first official rector of what is now St Andrew's Church, was Rev. Addington Dav- 
enport, who was also a D. D. of Oxford. He died in 1746. His wife was Jane, dau. of 
Grove Hirst, hy whom he had a son. Addington, and two dans., Jane and Elizabeth. 

The Rev. Mr. Ebenezer Thompson, M. A., was the next vector, who continued in the 
office till his decease, a period of 32 years. He died 23 Nov., 1 775, ae. 63. He left eight 
children, some account of whom Mr. Cutler has given. 

The Revolutionary War interrupted the progress of this church. In 1780, Rev. Samuel 

324 Notices of New Publications. [July? 

Parker of Boston was the minister. He was a son of Judge Parker of Portsmouth, N. H., 
and died in 1804, in his 60th year. From this period we are obliged to leave the subject, 
and refer our readers to the excellent historical sketch by the present rector, who began to 
officiate in Hanover in 1841. 

Boston Notions; being an authentic and concise account of " That 
Village" from 1630 to 1847. By Nathaniel Dearborn, author of the 
American Text Book for Letters, &c. 18mo. Boston : Printed by Na- 
thaniel Dearborn, 104 Washington street. 1848. pp. 426. 

Pew works have issued from the Boston press which have been noticed in a more com- 
mendatory manner than this work by Mr. Dearborn. That it must be a most desirable 
work for all persons having the least interest in what Boston was, is, and is to 6e, there can 
be no question. A mere glance at its table of contents will bear us out in this conclusion. 
The author has been long engaged upon it, and though with him it has been a labor of 
love, we hope it will prove one of profit also. 

Although we think he could have chosen a better title for his work, yet better materials 
than compose it it would be difficult, if not impossible to find. One of the most extraordi- 
nary documents contained in the volume is that of " a list of all the inhabitants of Boston, 
from 1630 to 1656, with their location, as far as may be ascertained from the Registry of 
Deeds, Book of Possessions of the town. State Library," &c. Another, marking almost as 
great an era in the history of the " town," is an entire reprint of the ' Pirst Boston Direc- 
tory." This was issued originally in 1789, and "Printed and sold by John Norman, Oli- 
ver's Dock." It contained short of 1500 names. Ours of 1847 contains about 25,000 ! 

The value of the " Notions " is very materially enhanced by a large number of the most 
appropriate engravings ; as maps, portraits and views. Nor has Mr. Dearborn neglected 
to give that very desirable accompaniment, an INDEX. 

Inaugural Address of President Wentivorth, delivered before the Trus- 
tees and Visitors, Faculty and Students of M'Kendree College, Lebanon, 
St. Clair County, Illinois, at the Annual Commencement, on Wednesday, 
July 21, 1847. 8vo. St. Louis, Mo. 1847. pp. 19. 

It is not enough to say that President Wentworth has produced a most eloquent, 
learned, and in all respects able inaugural. We could with great satisfaction transfer it to 
our pages, were it consistent with